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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 18-23, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005422

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and synthesize the conjugate (compound 1) of chlorin e6 (compound 3) with fluorouracil (5-Fu) as novel pH-responsive dual-mode antitumor photosensitizer by acyl hydrazone bond coupling, based on literature reports that combination of 5-Fu and photosensitizer possess synergistic anti-tumor effect, and investigate its photodynamic antitumor activity and mechanism. Methods Lead compound 3 was obtained by alkali degradation with 25% KOH-CH3OH on pheophorbide a (compound 4) which was prepared through acid hydrolysis of chlorophyll a in crude chlorophyll extracts from silkworm excrement. Reflux reaction of 5-Fu with P2S5 in pyridine formed crude 4-thio-5-fluorouracil which was followed to react with hydrazine hydrate (N2H4·H2O) in CH3OH to give 5-fluorouracil-4-hydrazone (compound 2). Then, treatment of compound 3 i.e. acid alkali degradation product of chlorophyll a in silkworm excrement with EDC·HCl generated its 171- and 152 cyclic anhydride which was followed to directly react with intermediate compound 2 to successfully get title compound 1. In addition, its pH-responsive 5-Fu release and photodynamic antitumor activity and their mechanisms in vitro were investigated. Results Compound 1 could responsively release 5-Fu at pH 5.0, with a cumulative release rate of 60.3% within 24 h. It exhibited much higher phototoxicity against melanoma B16-F10 and liver cancer HepG2 cells than talaporfin and its precursor compound 3, with IC50 value being 0.73 μmol/L for B16-F10 cells and 0.90 μmol/L for HepG2 cells, respectively. Upon light irradiation, it also could significantly induce cell apoptosis and intracellular ROS level and block cell cycle in S phase. Its structure was confirmed by UV, 1H-NMR, ESI-MS and elemental analysis data. Conclusion The conjugate compound 1 of compound 3 and 5-Fu has the advantages of strong PDT anticancer activity, high therapeutic index (i.e. dark toxicity/phototoxicity ratio) and responsively release 5-Fu at pH 5.0 etc. which shows “unimolecular” dual antitumor effects of PDT and chemotherapy and is worthy of further research and development.

2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981293

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the digestive system tumors with a high degree of malignancy,and most of the patients are diagnosed in advanced stages.Because of limited available therapies,the mortality of this disease remains high.Tumor-associated macrophages(TAM),the main immune cells in the tumor microenvironment,are involved in the regulation of the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer.Specifically,TAM are involved in the proliferation,invasion,immune escape,and chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells,demonstrating potential in the targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.In this paper,we summarize the TAM-based therapies including consuming TAM,reprogramming TAM,dynamic imaging of TAM with nanoprobes,and regulating the phagocytic ability of TAM for pancreatic cancer,aiming to provide a theoretical basis for developing new therapies for pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor-Associated Macrophages , Macrophages , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 873-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical efficacy and prognosis influencing factors of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2004 to April 2021 were collected. There were 59 males and 32 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014 underwent traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, and patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021 underwent multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examina-tions; (4) postoperative prognosis analysis; (5) influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination. Patients were followed up once every 6 months after surgery to detect survival. The follow-up was up to April 2023. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Surgical situations. Of the 91 patients, there were 65 cases receiving hemi- or expanded hemi-hepatectomy, 13 cases receiving tri-hepatectomy, 9 cases receiving partial hepatectomy, 4 cases receiving extrahepatic bile duct resection. There were 24 cases receiving combined vein resection and reconstruction, 8 cases receiving combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, 6 cases receiving com-bined hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, including 24 cases receiving extended radical surgery (tri-hepatectomy, hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, hepatopancreaticoduodenec-tomy). The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative blood transfusion rate of 91 patients was (590±124)minutes, 800(range, 500?1 200)mL and 75.8%(69/91), respectively. Of the 91 patients, cases receiving extended radical surgery, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 4, 650(range, 300?1 000)mL in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 20, 875 (range, 500?1 375)mL in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=4.39, Z=0.31, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative situations. The postoperative duration of hospital stay and cases with postoperative infectious complications were (27±17)days and 50 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection, cases with infection of incision, cases with bacteremia and cases with pulmonary infection were 43, 7, 5, 8 in the 91 patients. One patient might have multiple infectious complications. Cases with bile leakage, cases with delayed gastric emptying, cases with chylous leakage, cases with liver failure, cases with pancreatic fistula, cases with intraperitoneal hemorrhage, cases with reoperation, cases dead during the postoperative 90 days were 30, 9, 9, 6, 5, 3, 6, 3 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection was 10 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 33 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.24, P<0.05). Cases dead during the postoperative 90 days was 3 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 0 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Post-operative pathological examinations. Of the 91 patients, cases with Bismuth type as type Ⅰ?Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, type Ⅳ, cases with T staging as Tis stage, T1 stage, T2a?2b stage, T3 stage, T4 stage, cases with N staging as N0 stage, N1 stage, N2 stage, cases with M staging as M0 stage, M1 stage, cases with TNM staging as 0 stage, Ⅰ stage, Ⅱ stage, Ⅲ stage, ⅣA stage, ⅣB stage, cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 46, 30, 1, 9, 25, 30, 26, 49, 36, 6, 85, 6, 1, 7, 13, 58, 6, 6, 63, 28. Cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 16 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 48, 12 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=9.59, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative prognosis analysis. Of the 91 patients, 3 cases who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded, and the 5-year overall survival rate and median overall survival time of the rest of 88 cases were 44.7% and 55 months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 33.5% in the 28 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 50.4% in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.31, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that the corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases without lymph node metastasis was 43.8% in the 16 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 61.6% in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was a significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients without lymph node metastasis ( χ2=3.98, P<0.05). The corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases with lymph node metastasis was 18.5% in the 12 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 37.7% in the 29 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients with lymph node metastasis ( χ2=2.25, P>0.05). (5) Influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection were inde-pendent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma ( hazard ratio=2.62, 2.71, 95% confidence interval as 1.30?5.29, 1.30?5.69, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment can expand surgical indications, reduce proportion of dead patients within 90 days after surgery, improve proportation of radical resection and long-term survival rate. Poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection are independent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 491-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the coronary angiographic (CAG) characteristics of coronary artery lesion (CAL) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD), and to clarify the necessity of CAG in the diagnosis and treatment of KD combined with CAL in children.Methods:It was a retrospective study to analyze the clinical data, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, time and findings of CAG in children with KD and CAL who underwent CAG in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2013 to August 2022.The distribution, type, severity, and prognosis of CAL were analyzed.Results:A total of 117 children with KD and CAL were included in the analysis.The onset age of KD was from 2 months to 12.8 years old, and the age of performing CAG was from 8 months to 18.1 years old.A total of 234 coronary artery lesions were detected in 117 cases.Among them, CAL in the right coronary artery (RCA), left anterior descending branch (LAD), left main coronary artery and left circumflex artery were detected in 96 branches(41.1%), 78 branches(33.3%), 44 branches(18.8%), and 16 branches(6.8%), respectively.Unilateral coronary artery involvement was detected in 43 cases (36.8%), of which LAD was the dominant; while bilateral involvement was detected in 74 cases (63.2%), among which, LAD and RCA were the most involved arteries.Stratified by the degree of coronary involvement, large coronary aneurysms and severe coronary stenosis were most frequently occurred in the RCA and LAD.In contrast, 10 cases (13.6%), 20 cases (24.3%), 55 cases (45.8%) and 37 cases (67.3%) of intraluminal lesions were found in small, medium and large coronary aneurysms, and stenosis or occlusion, respectively.The incidence of intraluminal lesions tended to be higher in the site of severe lesions.CAG showed stenosis or occlusion in a total of 55 cases, and collateral circulation at varying degrees was found in cases of severe stenosis or occlusion.Conclusions:CAL in children with KD are complex and varied.Although clinical symptoms, routine electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasound may indicate severe CAL.Their applications are limited by the diagnosis of the type (especially stenosis), degree, and extent of CAL, as well as the detection of extracoronary lesions.CAG is of great significance to identify vascular lesions and guide clinical management of KD combined with CAL in children.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 934-941, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level and clinical value of miR-28-5p in patients with aspiration pneumonia.Methods:This was a retrospective controlled study. A total of 60 patients with severe pneumonia in the Intensive Care Unit of Jinshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were selected as the study group. According to the pathogenic factors, the patients were divided into the aspiration pneumonia group and other infectious pneumonia group. At the same time, 20 healthy physical examination patients in our hospital were selected as the healthy control group. Venous blood was collected from patients in the study group on days 1, 4, and 7. The expression level of miR-28-5p in serum was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and the serum levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assay. The clinical detection results of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in the study group were collected. Statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS 26.0. Then the diagnostic value of serum miR-28-5p for aspiration pneumonia was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the correlation between serum miR-28-5p and IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, CRP and PCT was analyzed by Pearson method. According to the clinical effect of 10 days of treatment, the patients were divided into the good prognosis and poor prognosis groups, and the relationship between miR-28-5p and the expression levels of various inflammatory factors and prognosis was analyzed.Results:Compared with the healthy control group, the level of serum miR-28-5p in the study group was significantly increased, and the level of serum miR-28-5p in the aspiration pneumonia group was much lower than that in the other infectious pneumonia group ( P<0.05). Compared with day 0, the expression level of serum miR-28-5p in the aspiration pneumonia group was highly increased, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). ROC curve of serum miR-28-5p expression in aspiration pneumonia showed that AUC was 0.871. When the critical value was 1.211, the sensitivity was 76.67% and the specificity was 95%. Pearson correlation analysis showed that miR-28-5p was positively correlated with IL-6 ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with IL-4 and IL-10 ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of age, miR-28-5p, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, CRP, and PCT were 0.695, 0.813, 0.655, 0.668, 0.724, 0.651, and 0.661, respectively. Conclusions:Serum miR-28-5p has important reference significance for the diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia, and has certain value for distinguishing different types of aspiration pneumonia. The expression of miR-28-5p in serum is expected to be a new biomarker to judge the prognosis of patients with severe pneumonia. Age, TNF-α, IL-8, IL-10, CRP and PCT are correlated to the prognosis of severe pneumonia.

6.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 431-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989106

ABSTRACT

Dilated cardiomyopathy is the myocardial disease characterized by left ventricular or biventricular dilatation accompanied by left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and is the most common type of cardiomyopathy in children.The etiology of dilated cardiomyopathy is complex and diverse, and the corresponding pathogenic gene can be detected in about 40% of patients.The pathogenic genes of dilated cardiomyopathy have a wide range of heterogeneity, encoding cytoskeleton, nuclear membrane, ion channel, sarcomere protein, and other genes that can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy.The technology of gene detection provides an accurate mean for clinics to identify the corresponding mutation sites and types, especially for the mutation types with a high risk of arrhythmia.In the past, the morphological structure of the heart was the main basis for the classification of cardiomyopathy.Genetic testing technology is becoming a tool for the subdivision of cardiomyopathy, providing early diagnosis and treatment for children.This review summarizes the pathogenic genes and corresponding pathogenic mechanisms associated with dilated cardiomyopathy in children, so as to provide help for clinical diagnosis and prevention.

7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 707-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986841

ABSTRACT

In the past decade, the concept of membrane anatomy has been gradually applied in gastric cancer surgery. Based on this theory, D2 lymphadenectomy plus complete mesogastric excision (D2+CME) has been proposed, which has been demonstrated to significantly reduce intraoperative bleeding and intraperitoneal free cancer cells during surgery, decrease surgical complications, and improve survival. These results indicate that membrane anatomy is feasible and efficacious in gastric cancer surgery. In this review, we will describe the important contents of membrane anatomy, including "Metastasis V"(2013, 2015), proximal segmentation of dorsal mesogastrium (2015), D2+CME procedure (2016), "cancer leak"(2018), and surgical outcomes of D2+CME (2022).


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Mesentery/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 238-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971066

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a febrile disease mainly observed in children aged <5 years, with medium- and small-vessel vasculitis as the main lesion. Although KD has been reported for more than 50 years and great progress has been made in the etiology and pathology of KD in recent years, there is still a lack of specific indicators for the early diagnosis of KD, especially with more difficulties in the diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease (IKD). At present, there are no clear diagnostic criteria for IKD, which leads to the failure of the timely identification and standardized treatment of IKD in clinical practice and even induce the development of coronary artery lesion. This article reviews the concept, epidemiological features, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up management of IKD, in order to deepen the understanding of IKD among clinical workers and help to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment of KD in China.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/therapy , Coronary Vessels , China
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 240-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970274

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) in children. Methods: There were 17 children diagnosed with AAOCA from January 2013 to January 2022 in Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.Their clinical manifestations, laboratory and imaging data, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: These 17 children included 14 males and 3 females, with the age of (8.7±3.5) years. There were 4 anomalous left coronary artery (ALCA) and 13 anomalous right coronary artery (ARCA). Seven children presented with chest pain or chest pain after exercise, three patients presented with cardiac syncope, one complained chest tightness and weakness, and the other six patients had no specific symptoms. Cardiac syncope and chest tightness occurred in patients with ALCA. Fourteen children had the dangerous anatomical basis of myocardial ischemia caused by coronary artery compression or stenosis on imaging. Seven children had coronary artery repair, of whom two were ALCA and five were ARCA. One patient had received heart transplantation because of heart failure. The incidence of adverse cardiovascular events and poor prognosis in ALCA group was higher than that in ARCA group (4/4 vs. 0/13, P<0.05). They were followed up in the outpatient department regularly for 6 (6, 12) months; except for the one who lost visit, the rest of the patients had a good prognosis. Conclusions: Cardiogenic syncope or cardiac insufficiency usually occurs in ALCA, and adverse cardiovascular events and poor prognosis are more common in ALCA than in ARCA. Early surgical treatment should be considered for children with ALCA and ARCA accompanied by myocardial ischemia.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , China , Coronary Artery Disease , Myocardial Ischemia , Heart Failure , Chest Pain , Syncope
10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 10-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992568

ABSTRACT

Bone defects caused by different causes such as trauma, severe bone infection and other factors are common in clinic and difficult to treat. Usually, bone substitutes are required for repair. Current bone grafting materials used clinically include autologous bones, allogeneic bones, xenografts, and synthetic materials, etc. Other than autologous bones, the major hurdles of rest bone grafts have various degrees of poor biological activity and lack of active ingredients to provide osteogenic impetus. Bone marrow contains various components such as stem cells and bioactive factors, which are contributive to osteogenesis. In response, the technique of bone marrow enrichment, based on the efficient utilization of components within bone marrow, has been risen, aiming to extract osteogenic cells and factors from bone marrow of patients and incorporate them into 3D scaffolds for fabricating bone grafts with high osteoinductivity. However, the scientific guidance and application specification are lacked with regard to the clinical scope, approach, safety and effectiveness. In this context, under the organization of Chinese Orthopedic Association, the Expert consensus for the clinical application of autologous bone marrow enrichment technique for bone repair ( version 2023) is formulated based on the evidence-based medicine. The consensus covers the topics of the characteristics, range of application, safety and application notes of the technique of autologous bone marrow enrichment and proposes corresponding recommendations, hoping to provide better guidance for clinical practice of the technique.

12.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 36-46, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971662

ABSTRACT

Bavachin is a dihydroflavonoid compound isolated from Psoralea corylifolia, and exhibits anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and lipid-lowering activities. Recent attention has gradually drawn on bavachin-induced apoptosis in many human cancer cell lines. However, the anti-cancer effects and related mechanisms in colorectal cancer remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of bavachin on colorectal cancer in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that bavachin inhibited the proliferation of human colorectal cancer cells and induce apoptosis. These changes were mediated by activating the MAPK signaling pathway, which significantly up-regulated the expression of Gadd45a. Furthermore, Gadd45a silencing obviously attenuated bavachin-mediated cell apoptosis. Inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway by JNK/ERK/p38 inhibitors also weakened the up-regulation of Gadd45a by bavachin. The anticancer effect of bavachin was also validated using a mouse xenograft model of human colorectal cancer. In conclusion, these findings suggest that bavachin induces the apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells through activating the MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Signal Transduction , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Proteins/pharmacology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Cycle Proteins/pharmacology
13.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 741-744,745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004780

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the application effect of traditional teaching combined with problem based learning (PBL) in the teaching of transfusion medicine taking the chapter of Human Leukocyte Antigen System and Testing in Clinical Blood Transfusion Testing Technique as an example. 【Methods】 Firstly, practical problems in chapter Human Leukocyte Antigen System and Testing were analyzed. Then, in response to the key and difficult points in the teaching of this chapter, examples were given to illustrate the practical application of traditional teaching combined with PBL in the teaching of Clinical Blood Transfusion Testing Technique from the aspects of teaching objectives, teaching processes, course implementation and implementation effects. The teaching effectiveness was evaluated through a questionnaire. 【Results】 Traditional teaching combined with PBL helped students grasp important knowledge and techniques, break down thinking barriers, grasp internal connections and characteristics, simplify the learning process, stimulate interest in learning and enhance team collaboration. Meanwhile, students' exploration and innovation abilities could be further cultivated through extracurricular expansion by teachers, thus achieving ideal teaching effect. The questionnaire showed that over 90% of the students consider that combining traditional teaching with PBL was beneficial for improving teaching effect. 【Conclusion】 In the teaching of transfusion medicine, adopting traditional teaching combined with PBL according to the textbook content can improve the teaching effect, which is beneficial for the cultivation of comprehensive talents.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2096-2099, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998497

ABSTRACT

AIM:To assess the clinical efficacy of 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and bandage contact lens in the pterygium excision combined with autogenous limbal stem cell transplantation(ALSCT)in treating patients with pterygium.METHODS:Random controlled clinical trial. A total of 71 patients(71 eyes)of pterygium who treated at the department of ophthalmology in Qinhuangdao Haigang Hospital between May 2021 and November 2022 were included. They were divide into three groups, including 23 eyes received pterygium excision combined with ALSCT in group A, 24 eyes that were administered with 5-FU intraoperatively and postoperatively in group B, and 24 eyes that received both bandage contact lens and 5-FU in group C. Furthermore, comfort levels at 1, 3, 7, 14d postoperatively, corneal epithelial healing at 1, 3, 7, 14d and 1mo postoperatively, treatment outcomes and complications at 3~6mo postoperatively were compared among the three groups of patients.RESULTS:The comfort levels at 1, 3 and 7d postoperatively and corneal healing at 1 and 3d postoperatively of the group C were better than those of the groups A and B. There were no statistical significant differences in the comfort levels at 14d after surgery and corneal healing at 14d and 1mo after surgery among the three groups of patients. Over a 3~6mo follow-up period, group A experienced recurrence in 3 eyes, group B had 1 recurrence, while group C had no recurrence. There were no statistically significant differences in complication rates among the three groups of patients.CONCLUSIONS: The application of 5-FU combined with bandage contact lens can enhance postoperative comfort levels, promote corneal epithelial healing, and improve the success rate in pterygium excision combined with ALSCT.

15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 810-818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997034

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo visualize the international research hotspots and frontiers of primary healthcare workers burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic based on CiteSpace. MethodsPublications from January 1 2020 to November 1 2022 were retrieved from the web of science core collection database. Annual published articles, keyword co-occurrence, cluster analysis and emergent word evolution were analyzed. Using CiteSpace 5.8.R3 and Excel 2017, visualized knowledge graphs and the data tables were generated. ResultsA total of 411 articles were included with a still upward trend. The top 4 institutions with the largest number of papers were Harvard Medical Scchool (14 studies), University of Melbourne (11 studies), Stanford University (9 studies), and Monash University (9 studies). High-frequency words of hot areas covered job satisfaction, occupational burnout, and mental health. Meanwhile the words environment (0.38) and social support (0.13) had high betweenness centrality. A total of 9 clusters were formed. Risk factors and supporting strategies were put in place most focused frontiers. ConclusionThe number of papers in the field of primary healthcare workers burnout is on the rise, the international research hotspots are expanding and the predictors of burnout are prominent. From an international perspective, the study provides further reference for Chinese primary healthcare staff job burnout research.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 555-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994358

ABSTRACT

In December 2022, the European Thyroid Association(ETA) and American Thyroid Association(ATA) jointly released a consensus statement on the diagnosis and management of thyroid eye disease(TED). Taking into account the benefits and risks, the consensus provides specific recommendations for essential therapeutic agents. It also covers 34 key recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment decision-making, basic therapy and care, and risk factor control for TED.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1488-1492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of Ruyi jinhuang powder for external application combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of patients with advanced liver cancer complicated with dampness and heat syndrome of liver and gallbladder. METHODS All patients with advanced liver cancer complicated with dampness and heat syndrome of liver and gallbladder were admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to June 2022 and assigned into observation group and control group according to random number table method. Patients in the control group (n=56) were treated with ICIs (Navulizumab injection/Sintilimab injection/Camrelizumab for injection) 200 mg, ivgtt, 21 days as a treatment cycle. Patients in the observation group (n=56) were additionally treated with Ruyi jinhuang powder for external application, once a day, on the basis of control group. The therapeutic effects of 2 groups were compared after a treatment cycle. The levels of interleukin-6 (IL- 6), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in serum were compared between 2 groups before and after treatment. Karnofsky functional status (KPS) score, digital rating scale (NRS) score, total symptom score of traditional Chinese medicine, and the occurrence of adverse reactions were recorded for both groups of patients. RESULTS After treatment, the levels of IL-6, MMP-9, COX-2, PGE2, CA199, AFP, VEGF, NRS score and total symptom score of traditional Chinese medicine in observation group were significantly lower than control group (P<0.05), KPS score was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). The zypp-04) total effective rate and remission rate of the observation group were 64.29% and 80.36%, those of control group were 60.71% and 73.21%. There was no statistical significance between two groups (P>0.05). The adverse drug reactions of both groups were mainly nausea and vomiting, liver function injury, fever hlshli@yeah.net and so on; the incidence of adverse reaction in observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS In patients with advanced liver cancer complicated with dampness and heat syndrome of liver and gallbladder, the combination of Ruyi jinhuang powder for external application and ICIs can help inhibit the secretion of pain mediators, regulate vascular endothelial function, reduce the inflammatory response, promote the recovery of cardiopulmonary function, improve clinical efficacy and has good safety.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 433-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Propionates , Prospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 392-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the biological processes and functions of serum exosomes in children in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD), so as to provide new biomarkers for the early diagnosis of KD.@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, 13 children with KD who were treated in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from June 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled as the KD group, and 13 children who were hospitalized due to bacterial infection during the same period were enrolled as the control group. Whole blood was collected on the next morning after admission, serum samples were obtained by centrifugation, and exosomes were extracted through ultracentrifugation. Serum exosomes were analyzed by label-free quantitative proteomics, and differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were screened out for functional enrichment analysis. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was plotted, and unique proteins were validated by targeted proteomics.@*RESULTS@#A total of 131 DEPs were screened out for the two groups, among which 27 proteins were detected in both groups. There were 48 unique DEPs in the KD group, among which 23 were upregulated and 25 were downregulated, and these proteins acted on "complement and coagulation cascades" and "the MAPK signaling pathway". Validation by targeted proteomics showed that FGG, SERPING1, C1R, C1QA, IGHG4, and C1QC proteins were quantifiable in the KD group. A total of 29 proteins were only expressed in the control group, among which 12 were upregulated and 17 were downregulated. Four proteins were quantifiable based on targeted proteomics, i.e., VWF, ECM1, F13A1, and TTR. A PPI network was plotted for each group. In the KD group, FGG and C1QC had close interaction with other proteins, while in the control group, VWF had close interaction with other proteins.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum exosomes FGG and C1QC in children in the acute stage of KD are expected to become the biomarkers for the early diagnosis of KD. For children with unexplained fever, detection of FGG, C1QC1, and VWF may help with etiological screening.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Biomarkers , Exosomes , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Proteomics , von Willebrand Factor
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 209-213, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique and clavicular hook plate internal fixation for complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#From July 2017 to September 2020, a total of 42 patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation treated by surgery were choosen as study objects and divided into observation group (21 cases) and control group (21 cases). In the observation group, there were 14 males and 7 females, aged 21 to 63 years old, with an average of (45.05±8.70) years old. In the control group, there were 16 males and 5 females, aged 25 to 68 years old, with an average of(45.00±9.44) years old. The patients in the observation group were treated with double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique, whereas those in the control group received clavicular hook plate internal fixation. The two groups were compared in terms of operating time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, shoulder pain(visual analogue scale, VAS) score, shoulder function Constant-Murley score and postoperative complications.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in intraoperative blood loss or postoperative hospital stay(P>0.05). The operating time of double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique group (65.24±5.36) min was significantly longer than that of the clavicular hook plate group (48.81±4.72) min, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder function or pain degree between the two groups before operation (P>0.05). After 1 month, 3 months and 6 months, the Constant-Murley score of the observation group was 73.29±2.15, 85.43±1.47, 93.86±1.24 separately, which were significantly higher than those of the control group;and the VAS score was 2.76±0.62, 1.71±0.64, 0.57±0.51 separately, which were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). One instance of shoulder discomfort was found in the observation group, while 5 cases of shoulder pain, 2 cases of restricted shoulder mobility, and 1 case of subacromial bone absorption were found in the control group. In both group, there was no loss of reduction.@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation double button plate combined with strengthened anchor technique achieves favorable clinical result. Internal fixation does not need to be removed. The recovery of shoulder joint function and pain relief are superior than clavicular hook plate internal fixation, which is more worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Bone Plates , Clavicle/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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