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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum lipocalin-2 level and the risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:A total of 279 type 2 diabetic patients were enrolled in this study. Basic information and clinical data were collected. These patients were divided into CVD group and non-CVD group according to their cardiovascular disease status. Serum lipocalin-2 level was assessed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results:Compared to non-CVD group, serum lipocalin-2 level was significantly higher in CVD group( P<0.01). The Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum lipocalin-2 level was positively correlated with waist circumstance, diastolic blood pressure, uric acid, triglyceride, and HbA 1C( P<0.05), while negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level( P<0.01). In addition, the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that serum lipocalin-2 was an independent risk factor for CVD( P<0.01)after adjustment for potential confounders. Moreover, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the area under curve value of lipocalin-2 was 0.74, with the optimal cutoff value of lipocalin-2 66.84 ng/mL. Conclusion:Serum lipocalin-2 is closely associated with CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes, which might be considered as one of the predictors for CVD in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the current status of iodine nutrition of residents in Tongchuan City and provide basis for policy adjustment of relevant department.Methods:In 2019, the cross-sectional survey method was used to divide 5 sampling areas in the 4 districts (counties) of Tongchuan City according to the east, west, south, north, and middle, and each area sampled 1 township (street, including at least 1 street), each township (street) selected one elementary school, each elementary school selected 42 non-boarding students aged 8 - 10, and each township (street) selected 21 pregnant women as the survey subjects. Home salt samples and urine samples were collected, salt iodine and urinary iodine were monitored, and thyroid examinations were performed on students.Results:A total of 1 260 salt samples were collected, including 2 non-iodized salt and 1 240 qualified iodized salt; the median salt iodine was 24.32 mg/kg; the coverage rate of iodized salt, the qualified rate of iodized salt, and the edible rate of qualified iodized salt were 99.84% (1 258/1 260), 98.57% (1 240/1 258) and 98.41% (1 240/1 260), respectively. A total of 840 urine samples were collected from students, the median urinary iodine was 196.19 μg/L. The medians urinary iodine of students aged 8, 9, and 10 were 182.59, 222.16, and 190.36 μg/L, respectively. The median urinary iodine of male and female students were 211.27 and 186.76 μg/L. A total of 840 students were tested for thyroid, thyroid rate was 1.79% (15/840) by B-ultrasound. A total of 420 urine samples were tested of pregnant women. The median urinary iodine was 155.05 μg/L. The medians urinary iodine of pregnant women in the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy were 166.79, 176.11 and 129.82 μg/L, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in urine iodine content of pregnant women in different pregnancy periods ( H = 9.317, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The iodine nutrition level of residents in Tongchuan City is generally suitable. Pregnant women's urinary iodine shows iodine deficiency in the third trimester. Monitoring of iodine nutrition of pregnant women should be strengthened, classified guidance and scientific iodine supplementation should be adhered, to ensure the appropriate level of iodine nutrition for pregnant women.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 65-68, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select 234 caregivers for the elderly as the study subjects. A random number table method was used to divide them into a control group(116) and an intervention group(118). The control group was given conventional psychological crisis intervention; the intervention group received a balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention on the basis of conventional psychological crisis intervention. The anxiety and depression scores of the two groups were investigated before and after the intervention using the Anxiety Self-Rating Scale and Depression Self-Rating Scale, respectively. RESULTS: The anxiety scores of the control group were(43.0±6.8) and(40.1±6.3), and the depression scores were(45.4±12.0) and(42.7±11.4), before and after the intervention, respectively. The pre-and post-intervention scores were(43.5±6.5) and(38.4±5.6) for anxiety and(46.9±6.0) and(39.8±5.6) for depression in the intervention group, respectively. Before the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the 2 groups were compared separately, and the difference was not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In the control group, only the anxiety score was lower than the pre-intervention score(P<0.01); in the intervention group, both the post-anxiety and post-depression scores were lower than the pre-intervention scores(all P<0.01). After the intervention, the anxiety and depression scores of the caregivers in the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, respectively(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The balanced model for early psychological crisis intervention can effectively alleviate anxiety and depression in caregivers of the elderly.

4.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 279-296, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880893

ABSTRACT

Sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are the key transcriptional regulators of lipid metabolism. The activation of SREBP requires translocation of the SREBP precursor from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi, where it is sequentially cleaved by site-1 protease (S1P) and site-2 protease and releases a nuclear form to modulate gene expression. To search for new genes regulating cholesterol metabolism, we perform a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screen and find that partner of site-1 protease (POST1), encoded by C12ORF49, is critically involved in the SREBP signaling. Ablation of POST1 decreases the generation of nuclear SREBP and reduces the expression of SREBP target genes. POST1 binds S1P, which is synthesized as an inactive protease (form A) and becomes fully mature via a two-step autocatalytic process involving forms B'/B and C'/C. POST1 promotes the generation of the functional S1P-C'/C from S1P-B'/B (canonical cleavage) and, notably, from S1P-A directly (non-canonical cleavage) as well. This POST1-mediated S1P activation is also essential for the cleavages of other S1P substrates including ATF6, CREB3 family members and the α/β-subunit precursor of N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. Together, we demonstrate that POST1 is a cofactor controlling S1P maturation and plays important roles in lipid homeostasis, unfolded protein response, lipoprotein metabolism and lysosome biogenesis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876222

ABSTRACT

Bifidobacterium BB-12 belongs to the 12th strain of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp.lactis BB-12, commonly used in infant formula powder, food additives and yogurt, and is the most documented Bifidobacterium.In this review, we describe the effect of BB-12 on gut microbiota, and investigate the effects of BB-12 on regulating immune function, reducing infection and improving resistance in infants, children and adults.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 261-266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826984

ABSTRACT

Since mid-December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has outbroken in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and spread rapidly to other provinces in China and dozens of countries and regions around the world, becoming the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (Public Health Emergency of International Concern). SARS-CoV-2 can mainly transmit by droplets or close contact, and is generally susceptible in the crowd. Tumor patients are at high risk of this pathogen because of their impaired immune function. Identifying tumor patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) early, and understanding its distribution characteristics can help to improve the cure rate of patients, and better control the epidemic and development of SARS-CoV-2 much better. With comprehensive analysis of relevant literature, this paper reviews the clinical characteristics of neoplastic patients with COVID-19, and puts forward some suggestions on how to deal with this epidemic.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Epidemics , Humans , Neoplasms , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873515

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the influence of reproduction history on depression during pregnancy. Methods Data on 3 792 pregnant women from the Chinese pregnant women cohort study with complete information on reproduction history and depression were used in the present study. The Edinburgh postnatal depression scale was used to assess depression status among pregnant women. A chi-square test was used for univariate analysis,and a Log-binomial regression was used for multivariate analysis. The adjusted relative risks ( RRs) with 95% confidence intervals ( 95% CIs) were calculated,and were presented in a forest plot. Results The results of Log-binomial regression showed that a history of delivery could increase the risk of depression during the second trimester ( RR: 1. 04,95% CI: 1. 01 - 1. 08,P= 0. 042) and the third trimester ( RR: 1. 05,95% CI: 1. 01-1. 10,P= 0. 020) . There was a 6% increase of risk on depression in women with a history of cesarean delivery compared with women without that during the third trimester ( RR: 1. 06,95% CI: 1. 01-1. 11,P = 0. 041) . Conclusions There is asignificant influence of reproduction history on gestational depression. Maternal and child health personnel should focus on these pregnant women,and conduct targeted health education and mental nursing. In addition,medical personnel should also pay attention to the emotional changes of these women and provide them with several adjustment strategies.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873514

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the associations between cesarean section with different types and intensity of physical activity in the second trimester pregnant women. Methods Six hundred and seventy-two participants from the Chinese pregnant women cohort study ( CPWCS) were analyzed. The pregnancy physical activity questionnaire ( PPAQ) was used to collect the status of physical activities in pregnant women. The participants were followed up and the data of delivery way was collected. Logistic regression model was conducted to analyze the associations. Results A total of 273 pregnant women ( 40. 63%) were delivered by cesarean section. After adjusting age,pre-pregnancy BMI and history of childbirth,results of Logistic regression model showed that pregnant women with higher levels of exercise had a lower risk of cesarean section than those who did not participate in exercise ( OR= 0. 564,95% CI: 0. 338-0. 941) . In terms of physical activity intensity,pregnant women who participated in the higher level of moderate to vigorous physical activity had a lower risk of cesarean section than those who partici- pated in the lower level ( OR= 0.642,95% CI: 0.437-0.972) . Conclusions Exercise and moderate to vigorous physical activity are protective factors for cesarean section. Health education should be further strengthened to encourage pregnant women to carry out appropriate physical activity during pregnancy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infection rate of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis at different periods,the changes of mineral nutrients in rhizosphere soil and the correlation among the factors under different arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi conditions. Method:28 kinds of AM fungi were inoculated into the seedlings of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis by single factor pot experiment. The samples were collected in August (fruit ripening period) and November (senescence period) to analyze the infection rate and the physical and chemical properties of rhizosphere soil. Result:The mycorrhizal infection rate of each treatment group was 75%-100% in the fruit ripening period and senescence period. The contents of easily extracted glomalin and total glomalin in rhizosphere soil increased to different degrees in these two periods as compared with CK group, the pH of rhizosphere soil in the two treatment groups showed an increasing trend, the content of organic matter in rhizosphere soil decreased significantly in the fruit ripening period in all the treatment groups,and the organic matter in rhizosphere soil in the senescence period showed no significant differences. The total N and K contents in rhizosphere soil decreased in both periods, and the other physical and chemical properties of rhizosphere soil increased or decreased without significant change regularity. Correlation analysis showed that the infection rate was correlated with the physical and chemical properties of rhizosphere soil to a certain degree. Conclusion:Inoculation of AM fungi can affect the physical and chemical properties of rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis to some extent,and provide reference value for the application of AM fungi in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the thickness distribution of retina outer nuclear layer (ONL) by directional optical coherence tomography (D-OCT), and analyze variation of ONL thickness with age, gender and anatomical location.Methods:Cross sectional observational study. From August 2017 to January 2019, the patients were included who had no abnormal eyes in Beijing Tongren Hospital, and healthy volunteers were included in the study. Cirrus HD-OCT 5-line single line scanning mode was used to scan the macular area horizontally and vertically. The pupil diameter of all the tested eyes was more than 6 mm. The protocol was approved by The Medical College of Wisconsin Institutional Review Board. The detection light was incident on the temporal, nasal, upper and lower sides about 1.5 to 2.0 mm away from the pupil center to obtain an image that was oblique and clearly showed the Henle fiber layer (HFL). The upper and lower bounds of HFL and external limiting membrane (ELM) were manually labeled. The thickness of ONL and HFL+ONL were measured and recorded at 150 μm intervals on the horizontal and vertical radial lines with the fovea as the midpoint. The thickness of ONL in different anatomic location, ages and genders were compared. The influence of age and gender on ONL were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and independent sample t test respectively.Results:67 eyes of 67 subjects were enrolled. Among them, the mean age of 27 males (27 eyes) and 40 females (40 eyes) was 38.48±15.33 and 40.98±17.78 years respectively without significantly statistical difference ( t=-0.582, P=0.562). The total mean age was 39.97±16.98 years old. There were 11, 22, 22 and 12 patients aged less than 20, 20-39, 40-59 and over 60 years old respectively, according which they were divided into A, B, C and D groups. According to the anatomical location, the thickness of the ONL reached a maximum in the foveola, and then decreased as the eccentricity increased. Horizontally, ONL/ONL+HFL reached the minimum as 36.1% at 0.90 mm on the nasal side, while the minimum was 38.3% at 0.75 mm on the temporal side. Vertically, ONL/ONL+HFL reached the minimum as 36.2% at 0.75 mm inferiorly and 35.6% at 0.9 mm superiorly. There was no significant difference in the ONL thickness of fovea between group A, B,C and D ( P>0.05), however, a significant difference was among the four groups in the parafoveal and the perifovea ( P <0.05). The ONL thickness of the male was larger than that of the female, and the differences between them in parafoveal and perifovea showed statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Normal people had the thickest ONL in the fovea. While the location is farther from the fovea, the ONL is thinner. The thickness of ONL in parafovea and perifovea is gradually thin with incerase of age. The thickness of ONL in the male is thicker than that in the female.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871711

ABSTRACT

Torpedo maculopathy is a rare, congenital lesion of RPE, which locates temporal to the macula and along the horizontal raphe. The lesion is torpedo-shaped with its torpedo-like tip pointing towards the fovea. As an incidental finding, it often affects only one eye with no damage to central visual acuity. According to its characteristics on OCT, it is divided into 2 types: type Ⅰ , attenuation of outer retinal structures without outer retinal cavitation; type Ⅱ, those with both attenuation of outer retinal structures and outer retinal cavitation. Diseases with pigment changes in the RPE layer similar to torpedo maculopathy include congenital hypertrophy of the RPE, RPE lesions in Gardner syndrome, etc. The main point to distinguish the disease from other diseases is its unique location and shape. Most of the torpedo maculopathy lesions are stable and do not require special treatment, but the disease can be complicated by neurosensory retinal detachment, choroidal neovascularization and so on, and symptomatic treatment is needed if necessary.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 76-79, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867478

ABSTRACT

Objective:Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ovary is a kind of ovarian cancer with a very low incidence.Its clinical manifestations are not obvious.The diagnosis should be based on the pathology and neuroendocrine indicators, and its primary nature should be determined.The main treatment is operation combined with platinum based chemotherapy.The survival period is related to clinical stage and treatment plan.The patient was hospitalized for 2 days because of the aggravation of abdominal distention and pain for half a year.The diagnosis of adnexal mass was confirmed by pathology.After three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (etoposide+ cisplatin), the patients underwent abdominal " total hysterectomy+ greater omentum resection+ appendectomy+ right pelvic wall peritoneal biopsy+ mesenteric biopsy" . After the operation, the patients received three cycles of EP chemotherapy, and they have been followed up for 15 months.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799356

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influential factors related to the long-term effect of periodontal-orthodontic treatment in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted in 25 AgP patients, who have received periodontal-orthodontic treatment in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Changes in the ratio of the residual alveolar bone height (RBH) was measured at three time points: baseline (T0), post orthodontic treatment (T1), and the last re-visit 3 years after orthodontic treatment (T2). Root abnormity was evaluated by observing periapical radiographs, and its relationship with alveolar bone loss after orthodontic treatment was analyzed. A multi-level analysis on factors related to the clinical outcome (alveolar bone height change) was performed.@*Results@#Totally 693 teeth of 25 patients at T0 and T1 and 368 teeth of 14 patients at T2 were investigated. During the periodontal-orthodontic treatment, the RBH was mainly influenced by root abnormity (estimation value −2.392), tooth position (estimation value for upper teeth vs. lower teeth 3.139, and anterior teeth vs. posterior teeth −3.469) and the baseline RBH at T0 (estimation value −0.391) (P<0.05). Teeth with root abnormity, teeth in mandibular and anterior area, and teeth with higher RBH showed less change in T1-T0 RBH values. In the long-term follow-up, RBH was mainly influenced by tooth position (estimation value for upper teeth vs. lower teeth 3.735, and anterior teeth vs. posterior teeth −5.318), the baseline RBH and probing depth (PD) at T0. Teeth in mandibular and anterior area, teeth with higher RBH (estimation value -0.498) and PD (estimation value -1.594) (P<0.05) showed less change in T0-T2 RBH values.@*Conclusions@#During orthodontic treatment, teeth with abnormal root, lower teeth, anterior teeth, and teeth with high RBH were unfavorable factors for bone gain. In the long-term observation, lower teeth, anterior teeth, teeth with high RBH and PD at first visit were unfavorable factors for bone gain.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 76-79, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799230

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ovary is a kind of ovarian cancer with a very low incidence.Its clinical manifestations are not obvious.The diagnosis should be based on the pathology and neuroendocrine indicators, and its primary nature should be determined.The main treatment is operation combined with platinum based chemotherapy.The survival period is related to clinical stage and treatment plan.The patient was hospitalized for 2 days because of the aggravation of abdominal distention and pain for half a year.The diagnosis of adnexal mass was confirmed by pathology.After three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (etoposide+ cisplatin), the patients underwent abdominal " total hysterectomy+ greater omentum resection+ appendectomy+ right pelvic wall peritoneal biopsy+ mesenteric biopsy" . After the operation, the patients received three cycles of EP chemotherapy, and they have been followed up for 15 months.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1397-1403, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive therapy with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) has been reported to improve the outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, real-world study on the effect of intensive therapy on RA sustained remission is still lacking. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of sustained intensive DMARD therapy (SUIT) for RA in a real-world 5-year consecutive cohort.@*METHODS@#Based on a consecutive cohort of 610 out-patients with RA, remission of RA was assessed in 541 patients from 2012 to 2017, by dividing into SUIT, non-SUIT, and intermittent SUIT (Int-SUIT) groups. Changes in the disease activity scores were evaluated by 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), 28-joint disease activity score based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), and clinical deep remission criteria (CliDR). Cumulative remission rates between different groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves and predictive factors of sustained remission were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The remission rates of the SUIT group decreased from 12.0% (65/541) to 5.6% (20/359) based on DAS28-ESR, from 14.0% (76/541) to 7.2% (26/359) based on DAS28-CRP, and from 8.5% (46/541) to 3.1% (11/359) based on CliDR, respectively, with a gradually decreasing trend during the 5 years. The SUIT regimen led to a significantly higher cumulative remission rate than non-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 19.5%, P = 0.001), DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 19.6%, P = 0.001), and CliDR (24.5% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.001). The cumulative remission rates of patients treated with SUIT regimen were significantly higher than those treated with Int-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 25.7%, P = 0.043) and CliDR (24.5% vs. 14.2%, P = 0.047), but there was no significant difference between the two groups based on DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 27.4%, P = 0.066). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of SUIT regimen was an independent favorable predictor according to different remission definitions (for DAS28-ESR: odds ratio [OR], 2.215, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.271-3.861, P = 0.005; for DAS28-CRP: OR, 1.520, 95% CI: 1.345-1.783, P = 0.002; for CliDR: OR, 1.525, 95% CI: 1.314-1.875, P = 0.013).@*CONCLUSION@#Sustained intensive treatment of RA is an optimal strategy in daily practice and will lead to an increased remission rate.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1009-1014, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Clinical remission is the treatment target in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate clinical remission and related factors in a large cohort of patients with RA.@*METHODS@#This study composed of 342 patients with RA. Data were collected by face-to-face interview of 1049 patients with RA who visited the Department of Rheumatology of three teaching hospitals from September 2015 to May 2016. The patients with RA were clinically assessed by rheumatologists and a four-page questionnaire was completed on site. Subsequently, patients fulfilled remission criteria were further analyzed. The practicability of different definitions of remission of RA was rated by a panel of rheumatologists. Sustained intensive disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment was defined as a combination treatment with two or more DMARDs for at least 6 months.@*RESULTS@#In this cohort of 342 patients with RA, the proportions of patients achieving remission were 38.0%, 29.5%, 24.9%, 21.1%, 19.0%, 18.1%, and 17.0%, based on criteria of disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) using CRP (DAS28-CRP), DAS28 using ESR (DAS28-ESR), routine assessment of patient index data 3 (RAPID-3), Boolean, simplified disease activity index (SDAI), clinical disease activity index, and the newly described clinical deep remission (CliDR), respectively. Boolean and CliDR are the best in practicability scored by rheumatologists (7.5 and 8.0, respectively). Compared with the non-sustained intensive group, sustained intensive treatment with DMARDs yielded higher remission rates of 25.6%, 23.8%, and 21.3% in patients with RA based on Boolean (χ = 3.937, P = 0.047), SDAI (χ = 4.666, P = 0.031), and CliDR criteria (χ = 4.297, P = 0.038). The most commonly prescribed conventional synthesized DMARDs (csDMARDs) in patients with RA was leflunomide, followed by methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine. Compared with the non-remission group, patients achieving remission had a longer median duration of DMARDs (45.0 [22.8-72.3] months, Z = -2.295, P = 0.022).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings in this study indicated that clinical deep remission is achievable in patients with RA. Sustained intensive DMARD treatment is needed to achieve a better outcome in RA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antirheumatic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine , Therapeutic Uses , Leflunomide , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Methotrexate , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of galectin-3 level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) load and cellular immunity of neutrophils and macrophages in the airway in children with refractory MP pneumonia (RMPP).@*METHODS@#A total of 64 children with RMPP who were hospitalized from January 2013 to January 2017 were enrolled. In addition to the conservative medical treatment, all the 64 children with RMPP were given bronchoalveolar lavage in the acute stage (5-7 days after admission) and 48 out of the 64 children were given bronchoalveolar lavage in the recovery stage (10-14 days after admission). Four milliliters of BALF of the affected lung lobe or segment were collected. ELISA was used to measure the level of galectin-3 in BALF supernatant. RT-PCR was used to measure MP load. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to measure the percentage of neutrophils and macrophages. Six children with bronchial foreign bodies were enrolled as the control group.@*RESULTS@#The RMPP group had a significantly higher level of galectin-3 in BALF in both the acute and recovery stages than the control group (P0.05). The RMPP group had a significantly higher MP load in BALF in both the acute and recovery stages than the control group (P<0.01), and the MP load in the acute stage was significantly higher than in the recovery stage (P<0.01). In the children with RMPP, galectin-3 level in BALF in the acute stage was positively correlated with MP load and the percentage of neutrophils (r=0.789 and 0.726 respectively; P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Galectin-3 is involved in the process of airway inflammation in children with RMPP, and the level of galectin-3 in BALF is positively correlated with MP load. RMPP is a cellular immune inflammatory lesion with the increase of neutrophils and the reduction in macrophages. Galectin-3 is closely associated with neutrophil chemotaxis and luminal infiltration in children with RMPP. MP load gradually decreases with the recovery from RMPP, but it is not completely eliminated by the immune system in the recovery stage. MP infection can increase the consumption of macrophages in children with RMPP.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Galectin 3 , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Syndrome is one of the most important concepts in Chinese medicine (CM) theory. However, it was not well accounted in most of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).@*OBJECTIVES@#To determine whether CM syndrome differentiation affects the treatment results, functional constipation (FC) was selected as a target disease, and MaZiRenWan (, MZRW), a classic CM formula commonly used for constipation with excessive heat syndrome, was selected for study.@*METHODS@#It is an 18-week prospective double-blinded, doubledummy RCT, including 2-week run-in, 8-week treatment and 8-week post treatment follow-up. A total of 120 FC patients diagnosed as excessive heat syndrome will be recruited from the First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Baokang Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Patients will be randomly allocated into fixed MZRW (f_MZRW) granule group, modified MZRW (m_MZRW) granule group or bisacodyl group. For m_MZRW group, no more than two herbal granules can be added according to the syndrome differentiation for individual participants. The primary end point is the mean of complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) per week during the treatment period. Secondary end points include mean of CSBMs per week during follow-up, stool form, global symptom improvement, constipation and constipation-related symptoms assessment, CM syndrome change, and reported adverse events.@*DISCUSSION@#This trial is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of these three interventions for FC patients with the CM syndrome of excessive heat, and to determine the change of CM syndrome and the progress of disease during the treatment course. The results are important to explore whether syndrome differentiation is important for the therapeutic effect of a formula on a disease. [Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (Reg No. ChiCTR-TRC-13003742); protocol version: MZRW/NSFC-81173363 (2015.05.04)].


Subject(s)
Constipation , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy differences between acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion and acupuncture on acute urinary retention after epidural anaesthesia for anorectal diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients were randomized into an acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion group and an acupuncture group, 31 cases in each one. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Shuidao (ST 28), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinlingquan (SP 9). In the acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion group, grain-moxibustion was given at Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6) and Shuidao (ST 28) on the basis of acupuncture. Those who failed to urinate 60 min after the first treatment received the second treatment. 30 min after the second treatment, the lower abdominal symptom scores before and after treatment as well as the bladder residual urine volume after the first urination after treatment were compared between the two groups. In addition, the clinical efficacy and security were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the symptom scores after treatment were reduced in the two groups (<0.05), and the score in the acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion group was lower than that in the acupuncture group after treatment (<0.05). The bladder residual urine volume in the acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion group was (26.71±17.01) mL, which was lower than (35.32±20.76) mL in the acupuncture group (<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.5% (29/31) in the acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion group, which was superior to 71.0% (22/31) in the acupuncture group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of acupuncture combined with grain-moxibustion is superior to simple acupuncture on acute urinary retention after epidural anaesthesia for anorectal diseases, which is safe and reliable.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Rectal Diseases , Therapeutics , Urinary Retention
20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1044-1052, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755251

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the medium?term clinical and radiologic outcomes between anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) and posterior open?door laminoplasty (LAMP) in the treatment of multi?level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM). Methods Data of 121 patients meeting to inclusion criteria from October 2011 to February 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were treated with ADF (ADF group, n=57) or LAMP (LAMP group, n=64) for MCSM. There were 39 males and 18 females in ADF group, aged from 35 to 77 years, with an average age of 58.8±10.1 years. And there were 64 cases in LAMP group, including 48 males and 16 females, aged from 28 to 82 years, with an average of 60.6±12.2 years. The operation time and blood loss were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores (JOA), im?provement rate and visual analogue scale (VAS) before operation, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation and at the latest follow?up. At the same time, sagittal alignment of the C2-C7 lordotic angle and range of motion (ROM) in flexion and extension on plain X?rays was measured. Residual anterior compression to the spinal cord (ACS) in LAMP group on MRI was investigated. The inci? dence of complications such as axial symptoms and C5 nerve root paralysis were recorded. Results The average follow?up period was 25.6±3.8 months in ADF group and 27.3±4.1 months in LAMP group. Demographics were similar between the two groups. The mean JOA scores in ADF group increased from preoperative 8.25±2.33 to 14.62±3.15 at the latest follow?up, with an average re?covery rate of 72.81%±11.32%. The mean JOA scores in LAMP group increased from preoperative 8.84±3.65 to 12.97±4.32 at the latest follow?up, with an average recovery rate of 66.54%±14.75%. The difference between two groups was statistically significant. Both of the VAS scores in the two groups decreased significantly at 1 month after the surgery, but the difference between the ADF group (1.92±0.75) and the LAMP group (2.78±0.68) was statistically significant (t=2.364, P=0.021). There was no significant dif?ference in VAS score between the two groups at 3 months after operation. Cervical lordosis of ADF group increased from 15.3°± 7.6°to 19.2°±5.7°, while that of LAMP group decreased from 16.8°±8.3°to 13.6°±4.3°. There was significant difference in cervi?cal curvature between the two groups at the latest follow?up. Both two groups exhibited decreased cervical ROM, 15.2°±3.6°and 18.1°±4.1°, respectively, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant(t=3.392, P=0.000). At the latest fol?low?up, the incidence of complication was 35.1% in ADF group and 20.3% in LAMP group, and the difference between two groups has no statistically significant. The LAMP group was divided into two subgroups: (1) ACS(+)(n=11) comprising patients who had ACS after surgery, and (2) ACS(-) (n=53) comprising patients without ACS. At the latest follow?up, the average JOA score of pa?tients with anterior residual compression of spinal cord was 10.85±5.46, while the average JOA score of patients without anterior residual compression of spinal cord was 14.18 ± 4.52. The recovery rate differed significantly between the ACS(+) and ACS(-) groups, 40.52%±9.76% and 70.38%±10.52%, respectively. Also at the latest follow?up, the cervical curvature, ROM and ROM loss angle were 10.2°±7.3°, 15.6°±6.7°and 11.8°±8.3°in the group with anterior residual compression of spinal cord, respective?ly. The groups without anterior residual compression of spinal cord were 15.8°±6.5°, 20.4°±10.2°and 8.8°±6.8°, respectively. Conclusion Both ADF and LAMP groups provided good outcomes at 2?year time?point whereas ADF could achieve more satis?factory outcomes and better sagittal alignment at the middle?term. ADF can remove the compression directly, maintain the curva?ture of cervical vertebra effectively and restore the nerve function well. The clinical outcomes after LAMP could be influenced by ACS, due to the reduction of cervical curvature and the decrease of cervical range of motion.

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