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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 778-782, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013536

ABSTRACT

The policy of long-term prescription for chronic diseases in China is gradually being improved and implemented, and external long-term prescription dispensing is being encouraged. The long-term prescription policy runs through the links of drug supply, equipment, use and policy, involving government departments such as medical security and health, as well as stakeholders such as patients, medical institutions and designated detail pharmacies. There are still some problems in the external dispensing of long-term prescriptions, such as the disunity of drug catalogue and the need for coordination among regulatory parties in the policy link; the need to improve the participation enthusiasm and service ability in the equipment link; the increased difficulty of prescription management, the need to improve the circulation platform in the use link. The promotion of external long-term prescription policy requires health insurance, medical service, and the medicine industry co-development, multi-party participation, and policy coordination. Among them, the “dual channel” policy, the policy of centralized medicine procurement, and the pharmacy included in outpatient overall management policy have all played a positive role in promoting the implementation of external long-term prescription dispensing for chronic diseases. It is necessary to improve supporting policies and implement regulatory responsibilities in the policy link, promote drug classification and service capabilities in the equipment link, improve the electronic prescription circulation platform, and strengthen prescription management in use link, so as to promote the implementation of external long-term prescription dispensing.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 29-34, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HAGLR in breast cancer and its effect on the prognosis of breast cancer, and to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network.Methods:The Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology website was used to search for HAGLR chromosome gene mapping and transcript expression. The lnclocater website was used to predict the subcellular localization of HAGLR, and the differential expression of HAGLR in breast cancer tissues and adjacent tissues was analyzed by using lnCAR database. The patients in lnCAR database were divided into HAGLR high expression group and HAGLR low expression according to HAGLR expression. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival (OS) and metastasis-free survival, which was verified by using UCSC Xena database. lnCAR database was used to search the co-expressed genes of HAGLR. The top 200 co-expressed genes were submitted to the Metascape website for Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional enrichment analysis, and protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed. Starbase, a bioinformatics online analysis website, was used to predict HAGLR targeting mircoRNA (miRNA) and mRNA that directly encoded proteins. ceRNA network of HAGLR was constructed with Cytoscape3.8 software.Results:HAGLR gene was localized in 2q31.1 and mainly distributed in cytoplasm. The expression level of HAGLR in breast cancer tissues was higher than that in adjacent tissues, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.001). lnCAR database and UCSC Xena database analysis showed that OS in HAGLR high expression group was worse than that in HAGLR low expression group (all P < 0.01). lnCAR database, the metastasis-free survival in HAGLR high expression group was worse than that in HAGLR low expression group ( P = 0.030). Among the top 200 HAGLR co-expressed genes, 129 genes were negatively correlated with HAGLR and 71 genes were positively correlated with HAGLR. KEGG pathway analysis showed that HAGLR was related to metabolic pathways, MAPK signaling pathway, JAK-STAT signaling pathway and cancer pathway. GO annotation analysis showed that HAGLR was mainly enriched in cell cycle, centromeric complex assembly, mitotic progression, protein kinase binding, kinase activity regulation, cell response to DNA damage stimulation and other functions. hsa-miR-130b-3p, hsa-miR-1245b-5p, hsa-miR-182b-5p, hsa-miR-512-3p, hsa-miR-302b-3p, hsa-miR-185b-5p, hsa-miR-106b-5p were HAGLR targeting miRNA. Conclusions:HAGLR is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues, and it may be a biomarker for predicting the prognosis of breast cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1034-1039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of thoracic segment epidural anesthesia on inflammatory factors in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 136 patients who underwent lung cancer surgery in the Second People's Hospital of Liaocheng from June 2020 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to anesthesia methods, these patients were divided into an observation group ( n = 89) and a control group ( n = 47). The observation group was given thoracic segment epidural anesthesia, while the control group was given remifentanil infusion anesthesia. The tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels in the epithelial lining fluid collected from the non-dependent lung, the plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and malondialdehyde, arterial partial pressure of oxygen/inhaled oxygen fraction, the incidence of complications, the incidence of re-operations, numeric rating scale score, and the length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. The effects of different anesthesia methods on lung cancer surgery were evaluated. Results:In each group, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 levels in the epithelial lining fluid were significantly increased 30 minutes after termination of one-lung ventilation (T2) compared with those measured before one-lung ventilation (T1) ( t = 7.71, 77.10, 7.59, 3.41, 57.51, 5.74, all P < 0.05). In the observation group, TNF- α [(1.59 ± 0.53) ng/L, (1.89 ± 0.64) ng/L] measured at T1 and T2, IL-6 [(2.96 ± 0.82) ng/L] and IL-10 [(1.99 ± 0.53) ng/L] measured at T1 were significantly higher compared with those measured at the corresponding time points in the control group ( t = 10.45, 2.59, 2.00, 7.19, all P < 0.05). In the observation group, IL-6 measured at T2 [(38.91 ± 5.84) ng/L] was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 33.25, P < 0.001), and IL-10 measured at T2 [(2.51 ± 0.67) ng/L] was slightly, but not significantly higher than that in the control group ( P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the plasma level of TNF- α measured at T1 and T2 between the two groups (both P > 0.05). Plasma levels of IL-6 in the two groups [(42.98 ± 5.29) ng/L, (27.93 ± 4.17) ng/L] measured at T2 were significantly increased compared with those measured at T1 ( t = 54.14, 61.06, both P < 0.001). In the observation group, TNF-α measured at T2 [(1.60 ± 0.56) ng/L] and IL-6 measured at T1 and T2 [(0.92 ± 0.16) ng/L, (27.93 ± 4.17) ng/L] were significantly lower compared with the control group ( t = 3.39, 6.96, 18.20, all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in plasma level of malondialdehyde, arterial partial pressure of oxygen/inhaled oxygen fraction, numeric rating scale score, the incidence of complications, the incidence of re-operation, and the length of hospital stay between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Thoracic segment epidural anesthesia can reduce the local inflammatory response of the lung during lung cancer surgery.

4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1095-1101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988756

ABSTRACT

Elevated blood pressure is one of the major contributors to cardiovascular disease and premature death. The exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is closely associated with changes in blood pressure, and even short-term exposure to PM2.5 can lead to an increase in blood pressure. PM2.5 is a complex mixture that exerts different toxicities and triggers increased blood pressure through various mechanisms. Therefore, in this article, we provided a comprehensive review of published studies on the effects of short-term exposure to PM2.5 and its components on blood pressure, and elaborated potential mechanisms from four aspects, including oxidative stress and inflammatory response, endothelial dysfunction, autonomic nervous system disorders and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, and epigenome alteration. Given the limitations of existing research, future prospective studies can be conducted on diverse populations, using more precise exposure measurement methods and multi-omics approaches, to further elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effects of PM2.5 and its various components on blood pressure. The findings would provide a theoretical foundation for effective protection of public health, particularly vulnerable groups.

5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-5, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958988

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the association of smoking with the risk of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach.@*Methods@#A total of 16 383 186 AS-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 378 smoking initiation associated SNPs and 126 lifetime smoking score-associated SNPs were collected from three large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The association of smoking phenotypes with the risk of AS was examined using inverse-variance weighted (IVW) with AS as a outcome variable, smoking initiation and lifetime smoking score as exposure factors and SNPs with strong associations with smoking as instrumental variables, and sensitivity analyses were performed with maximum likelihood-based method, MR pleiotropy residual sum and outlier (MR-PRESSO) test and MR-Egger regression analysis.@*Results@# A 33.5% increased risk of AS was found among genetically predicted smokers relative to non-smokers (OR=1.335, 95%CI: 1.059-1.682), and an increase in predicted lifetime smoking by per standard deviation resulted in a 101.4% increased risk of AS (OR=2.014, 95%CI: 1.341-3.024). The maximum likelihood-based method and MR-PRESSO test showed consistent correlated effect estimations and MR-Egger regression analysis identified no evidence of pleiotropy.@*Conclusion@#It is genetically predicted that smoking is associated with an increased risk of AS.

6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 292-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986851

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-negative early gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathological data of 30 cases of Hp-negative early gastric cancer were collected retrospectively at Pingdingshan Medical District, 989 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force, and Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, from 2009 to 2021, and the histomorphological characteristics and immunophenotype were observed, and combined with the literature to explore.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 30 patients was 58.5 years (range: 21-80 years), including 13 males and 17 females. The upper part of the stomach was 13 cases, the middle part of the sto-mach was 9 cases, and the lower part of the stomach was 8 cases. The median diameter of the tumor was 11 mm (range: 1-30 mm). According to the Paris classification, 9 cases were 0-Ⅱa, 7 cases were 0-Ⅱb, and 14 cases were 0-Ⅱc. Endoscopic examination showed that 18 cases of lesions were red, 12 cases of lesions were faded or white, and microvascular structures and microsurface structures were abnormal. In all the cases, collecting venules were regularly arranged in the gastric body and corner mucosa. There were 18 cases of well differentiated adenocarcinoma in the mucosa. The tumor presented glandular tubular-like and papillary structure, with dense glands and disordered arrangement; the cells were cuboidal or columnar, with increased nuclear chromatin and loss of nuclear polarity, and most of them expressed gastric mucin. Signet-ring cell carcinoma was found in 7 cases, all the cancer tissues were composed of signet-ring cells, and the cancer cells were mainly distributed in the middle layer to the surface layer of mucosa. Gastric oxyntic gland adenoma (gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type confined to mucosa) in 2 cases, gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type in 2 cases, and gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland mucosa type in 1 case. The tumor tissue was composed of branching tubular glands, except 1 case of mucosal surface epithelium was partially neoplastic, the other 4 cases of mucosal surface epi-thelium were all non-neoplastic; the cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nucleus was close to the basal side, and the nucleus was only slightly atypical. Pepsinogen I and H+/K+ ATPase were positive in 5 cases of gastric fundus gland type tumors, and 1 case of foveolar-type tumor cells at the surface and depth of mucosa showed MUC5AC positive. The gastric mucosa adjacent to cancer was generally normal in all cases, without atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and Hp.@*CONCLUSION@#Hp-negative early gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease group with various histological types, and tubular adenocarcinoma and signet-ring cell carcinoma are common. Tubular adenocarcinoma mostly occurs in the elderly and the upper to middle part of the stomach, while signet-ring cell carcinoma mostly occurs in young and middle-aged people and the lower part of the stomach. Gastric neoplasm of the fundic gland type is relatively rare.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/pathology
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 579-585, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide an overview of the incidence of knee donor -site morbidity after autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty.@*METHODS@#A comprehensive search was conducted in PubMed, EMbase, Wanfang Medical Network, and CNKI databases from January 2010 to April 20, 2021. Relevant literature was selected based on predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were evaluated and extracted. The correlation between the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns and donor-site morbidity was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 13 literatures were included, comprising a total of 661 patients. Statistical analysis revealed an incidence of knee donor-site morbidity at 8.6% (57/661), with knee pain being the most common complaint, accounting for 4.2%(28/661). There was no significant correlation between the number of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence (P=0.424, N=10), nor between the diameter size of osteochondral columns and postoperative donor-site incidence(P=0.699, N=7).@*CONCLUSION@#Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty is associated with a considerable incidence of knee donor-site morbidity, with knee pain being the most frequent complaint. There is no apparent correlation between donor-site incidence and the number and size of transplanted osteochondral columns. Donors should be informed about the potential risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Cartilage/transplantation , Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Pain , Cartilage, Articular , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation
8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 245-248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005132

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the yield, specificity and detection time of red blood cell(RBC)alloimmunization in 104 588 inpatients. 【Methods】 The clinical information of patients who underwent at least one antibody screening in our hospital from November 2017 to December 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. The demographic characteristics, transfusion history, pregnancy history and antibody screening results of patients were collected. The RBC alloantibody yield, specificity and detection time were analyzed, and differences of transfusion units and frequency between patients with and without alloimmunization were compared. 【Results】 Eight hundred cases of alloantibodies with clinical significance were detected in blood samples of 723 patients, with a positive rate of 0.7% (723/104 588). The incidence rate of alloimmunization in females was higher than that in males (0.9% vs 0.5%, P<0.05). Rh alloantibodies accounted for 76.4%(611/800), of which 61.4%(375/611)were anti-E. Transfusion units and frequency of patients with alloimmunity were higher than those without(median: 6.0 vs 4.0, P<0.05; 4.0 vs 2.0, P<0.05, respectively). And 67.5% of RBC alloantibodies were detected within 6 months, with the median (IQR) detection time of 97.0 (22.5-247.0) days. 【Conclusion】 Routine antibody screening should be performed before transfusion in order to reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions, and Rh typing transfusion with compatible crossmatch should be performed if necessary.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 531-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement mechanism of caudatin on liver injury of rats. METHODS SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, caudatin low-dose and high-dose groups (25, 50 mg/kg), with 6 rats in each group. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) was injected intraperitoneally three times per week for eight weeks to establish liver injury model of rats. At 5th week of modeling, the rats received relevant medicine or 0.5% sodium carboxymethylcellulose intragastrically for 4 weeks. The levels of liver function indexes [alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), total protein (TP) and total bilirubin (TBI)] and inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-1β] in serum were detected; the histopathological morphological changes of rat liver were observed; the positive protein expressions of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and 78 kDa glucose regulatory protein (Grp78) in liver tissue were also determined; the expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related protein Grp78, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) and inositol requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) and the level of protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase robertluoyi@126.com (PERK) in liver tissue were detected. RESULTS Compared with blank group, serum levels of ALT, AST, TBI, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β and positive expressions of NF-κB and Grp78 in liver tissue as well as protein expressions of Grp78, CHOP, ATF6 and IRE1α, PERK protein phosphorylation level were all increased significantly in model group (P<0.05), while the serum level of TP was decreased significantly (P<0.05). The disordered structure of liver lobule, swollen liver cells, unclear intercellular boundary were observed and accompanied by inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with model group, most of the above indexes were significantly reversed in caudatin groups (P<0.05); the structure of hepatic lobule was relatively complete and clear, the cells were arranged orderly, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells was also reduced. CONCLUSIONS Caudatin has a significant improvement effect against DEN-induced liver injury in rats, the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammatory reaction.

10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of distal radius core decompression in the treatment of chronic wrist pain caused by various etiologies.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 10 patients with chronic wrist pain treated with distal radial core decompression between January 2018 and December 2021. There were 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 37.4 years (range, 21-55 years). The disease duration ranged from 7 to 72 months, with an average of 26.5 months. Preoperative MRI examination showed that 10 cases had bone marrow edema at the distal radius on the affected side, and 8 cases had bone marrow edema in the carpal bones such as scaphoid and lunate bone. Among them, 3 patients had a history of wrist fracture, and 2 patients had Kienböck diseases (1 case each in stage ⅡB and stage ⅢA). Three cases were combined with triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) type 1A injury. Two cases were combined with osteoarthritis, 1 of them was complicated with severe traumatic arthritis, the wrist arthroscopy showed that the TFCC was completely lost and could not be repaired, and the cartilage of the lunate bone and the ulnar head were severely worn.Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the relief of wrist pain before operation, at 6 months after operation, and at last follow-up, and the range of motion of the affected wrist in dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation was measured. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated according to T1WI, T2WI, and STIR sequences of MRI.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up 12-22 months, with an average of 16.4 months. Except for 1 patient who experienced persistent wrist joint pain and limited mobility after operation, the remaining 9 patients showed significant improvement in pain symptoms and wrist joint mobility. The VAS score and range of motion of wrist dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up were significantly improved when compared with those before operation, the VAS score and the range of motion of wrist ulnar deviation and radial deviation at last follow-up were further improved when compared with those at 6 months after operation, all showing significant differences ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in wrist dorsiflexion and palmar flexion between at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up ( P>0.05). Bone marrow edema was improved in 6 patients on MRI at 6 months after operation, and was also improved in other patients at last follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#For chronic wrist pain caused by a variety of causes, distal radius core decompression can directly reduce the pressure of the medullary cavity of the distal radius, improve the blood supply of the corresponding distal structure, significantly alleviate chronic wrist pain, and provide an option for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Radius/surgery , Wrist , Retrospective Studies , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain , Arthralgia/complications , Arthroscopy , Decompression , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1568-1587, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982815

ABSTRACT

METRNL is a recently identified secreted protein with emerging functions. This study is to find major cellular source of circulating METRNL and to determine METRNL novel function. Here, we show METRNL is abundant in human and mouse vascular endothelium and released by endothelial cells using endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi apparatus pathway. By creating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout mice, combined with bone marrow transplantation to produce bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl, we demonstrate that most of circulating METRNL (approximately 75%) originates from the endothelial cells. Both endothelial and circulating METRNL decrease in atherosclerosis mice and patients. By generating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, combined with bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, we further demonstrate that endothelial METRNL deficiency accelerates atherosclerosis. Mechanically, endothelial METRNL deficiency causes vascular endothelial dysfunction including vasodilation impairment via reducing eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177 and inflammation activation via enhancing NFκB pathway, which promotes the susceptibility of atherosclerosis. Exogenous METRNL rescues METRNL deficiency induced endothelial dysfunction. These findings reveal that METRNL is a new endothelial substance not only determining the circulating METRNL level but also regulating endothelial function for vascular health and disease. METRNL is a therapeutic target against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 680-686, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009804

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on erectile function in Chinese patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). A retrospective study was conducted on 657 CP/CPPS patients who visited The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (Changsha, China) from November 2018 to November 2022. Patients were divided into two groups based on the timeline before and after the COVID-19 outbreak in China. The severity of CP/CPPS, penile erection status, anxiety, and depression was evaluated using the National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI), International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scales, respectively. Compared with patients before the COVID-19 outbreak, more CP/CPPS patients developed severe erectile dysfunction (ED) due to depression and anxiety caused by the pandemic. After developing moderate-to-severe ED, mild and moderate-to-severe CP/CPPS patients exhibited more apparent symptoms of anxiety and depression ( P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively), forming a vicious cycle. The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected the psychological status of CP/CPPS patients, exacerbating their clinical symptoms and complicating ED. The exacerbation of clinical symptoms further worsens the anxiety and depression status of patients, forming a vicious cycle. During the COVID-19 pandemic, paying more attention to the mental health of CP/CPPS patients, strengthening psychological interventions, and achieving better treatment outcomes are necessary.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Pandemics , Penile Erection , Prostatitis/complications , Retrospective Studies , East Asian People , COVID-19/complications , Chronic Disease , Pelvic Pain/complications
13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1134-1140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953911

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the situation and challenges of innovation platforms in China, and to explore the construction strategy of Shanghai Nutrition Innovation Platform, which is suitable for Shanghai and may achieve the research and transformation of nutrition innovation and population health, so as to coordinate, unite and gather the superior resources of all parties and promote nutrition innovation. MethodsConstruction scheme and operational mechanism of Shanghai Nutrition Innovation Platform were explored by literature review, expert consultation and questionnaire. ResultsThere were various forms of innovation platforms in China. However, challenges were identified, such as decentralizing force, resource rearrangement and insufficient sharing effect. Shanghai Nutrition Innovation Platform adopted a modular organizational structure, which was divided into central group, node group, and subject group. Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention, as the central organization, is responsible for the platform operation management. The expert database as an academic committee selected key organizations from nutrition-related universities, research institutes, academic associations, centers for disease control and prevention, hospitals and the industry. Based on the opening of its own innovation resources, the platform made effective use of external innovation resources and formed a closely integrated nutrition innovation network of multiple disciplines. ConclusionThis study promotes the construction of innovation platform model of cooperation, co-construction and resource sharing, and provides reference for the construction of innovation platform in China.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 38-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of adenovirus-mediated shRNA down-regulating phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression on vinculin, filamin A, and cortactin in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Methods: Activated rats hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-T6) was cultured in vitro. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying PTEN targeted RNA interference sequence [short hairpin RNA (shRNA)] and empty control virus Ad-GFP were transfected into HSCs. The PTEN mRNA and protein expression of HSCs in each group were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The expressional change of vinculin, filamin A and cortactin in HSCs of each group were detected by confocal laser scanning immunofluorescence microscope. Image-pro plus 6.0 software was used for image analysis and processing. The integrated optical density (IOD) of the fluorescence protein expression was measured. The experiment was divided into three groups: control group (DMEM instead of adenovirus solution in the adenovirus transfection step), Ad-GFP group (transfected with empty virus Ad-GFP only expressing green fluorescent protein), and Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (recombinant adenovirus Ad-shRNA/PTEN carrying shRNA targeting PTEN and expressing green fluorescent protein). One-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of mean value among the three groups, and LSD-test was used for comparison between the groups. Results: shRNA targeted PTEN was successfully transfected and the expression of PTEN mRNA and protein in HSC (P < 0.05) was significantly down-regulated. HSCs vinculin was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm. HSCs vinculin fluorescence IOD in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group (19 758.83 ± 1 520.60) was higher than control (7 737.16 ± 279.93) and Ad-GFP group (7 725.50 ± 373.03) (P < 0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between control group and Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the fluorescence IOD of Filamin A among the three groups (P > 0.05), but the subcellular distribution of Filamin A among the three groups were changed. Filamin A in the Ad-shrNA /PTEN HSC group was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. Filamin A HSC was mainly located in the nucleus.The filamin A HSC in the control group and Ad-GFP group was mainly located in the nucleus. The nucleocytoplasmic ratio of Filamin A in the AD-shrNA /PTEN group (0.60 ± 0.15) was significantly lower than control group (1.20 ± 0.15) and Ad-GFP group (1.08 ± 0.23), P < 0.05. but there was no statistically significant difference in filamin A nucleocytoplasmic ratio of HSC between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Cortactin HSCs in the three groups was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm. The cortactin fluorescence IOD of HSCs in the Ad-shRNA/PTEN group was significantly higher than control group (22 959.94 ± 1 710.42) and the Ad-GFP group (22 547.11 ± 1 588.72 ) (P < 0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the IOD of cortactin fluorescence in HSCs between the control group and the Ad-GFP group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The down-regulation of PTEN expression raises the expression of microfilament-binding protein vinculin and cortactin, and changes the subcellular distribution of another microfilament binding protein filamin A, that is, translocation from nucleus to the cytoplasm in activated HSC in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Cortactin , Filamins/genetics , Hepatic Stellate Cells/metabolism , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Vinculin/genetics
15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 391-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960422

ABSTRACT

Background Emerging evidence has shown the damage of air pollution and the benefits of physical activity to human health, and the effects of air pollution and physical activity on the nervous system need more research. Objective To explore the effects of short-term air pollution exposure and physical activity on neural damage biomarkers in healthy elderly. Methods Using a design of panel study, physically and mentally healthy retired employees were recruited from Xinxiang Medical University, and were followed up five times regularly from December 2018 to April 2019. The demographic characteristics and physical activity information were obtained by questionnaire, and the weekly physical activity level was calculated according to intensity and duration of physical activity. Biomarkers of neural damage in serum were measured, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurofilament light chain (NF-L), neuron specific enolase (NSE), protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5), and S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B). Air pollution data (including PM2.5, PM10, O3, SO2, CO, and NO2) of the follow-up period were collected. Generalized estimation equation was used to analyze the association of air pollution concentration and physical activity level with the concentration of neural damage biomarkers. Results A total of 29 volunteers were included in the study, with an average age of (63.5±5.9) years; there were 11 men accounting for 37.93%; more than half of them (62.07%) received above junior middle school education; the mean physical activity level was (80.23±54.51) MET-h·week−1. The daily average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, O3, SO2, CO, and NO2 during the study period were (68.27±60.98) μg·m−3, (130.57±58.71) μg·m−3, (36.86±13.89) μg·m−3, (17.86±10.59) μg·m−3, (4.94±1.34) mg·m−3, and (50.83±8.03) μg·m−3, respectively. The average serum concentrations of BDNF, NF-L, NSE, PGP9.5, and S100B were (139.12±46.71) μg·L−1, (402.60±183.31) ng·L−1, (11.26±10.32) ng·L−1, (14.32±13.57) ng·L−1, and (127.57±41.74) ng·L−1, respectively. The results of generalized estimation equation showed that a higher concentration of PM2.5 or O3 was associated with increased serum NSE (OR=1.359, 95%CI: 1.224-1.509, P<0.001; OR=1.286, 95%CI: 1.076-1.537, P=0.006), while a higher concentration of NO2 was associated with decreased serum NSE (OR=0.692, 95%CI: 0.549-0.873, P=0.002); a higher concentration of O3 or SO2 was related to the reduction of serum NF-L concentration (OR=0.855, 95%CI: 0.740-0.989, P=0.035; OR=0.813, 95%CI: 0.700-0.946, P=0.007); a higher concentration of NO2 was associated with decreased PGP9.5 in serum (OR=0.866, 95%CI: 0.777-0.965, P=0.009); a higher level of physical activity was associated with increased serum S100B (OR=1.038, 95%CI: 1.003-1.074, P=0.034); and no significant association of physical activity level or air pollution with BDNF (P>0.05). Conclusion Acute exposure to air pollution and high-level physical activity might affect the neural damage of elderly populations. Specifically, particulate matter (PM2.5) could increase NSE, while gaseous pollutants (O3, NO2, and SO2) could decrease NF-L and PGP9.5.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 262-270, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940543

ABSTRACT

Esophageal carcinoma is one of the malignant tumors with a high mortality rate, accounting for nearly 570,000 cancer deaths worldwide annually, and this number is increasing year by year. In recent years, despite the continuous improvement of treatment programs for esophageal carcinoma, the overall five-year survival rate of esophageal carcinoma is still less than 20% due to the development of drug resistance and the tolerance of patients during the treatment process. Tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed of various cells and related components with tumor cells as the core and featured by hypoxia, acidosis, chronic inflammation and immunosuppression, which plays an important role in the progression of tumors. Studies have found that tumor-associated fibroblasts, tumor-associated macrophages, myeloid-derived suppressor cells and regulatory T cells in TME can promote the proliferation, migration, invasion, and lymph node metastasis of cancer cells by secreting cytokines and activating pro-inflammatory pathways, and promote cancer progression by inducing the drug resistance of cancer cells and evading immunosuppression. Because cancer-associated cells in TME are genetically more stable than cancer cells, have fewer mutations and have lower chance of drug resistance, targeting cancer-associated cells in TME by regulating TME is a new research direction of cancer therapy. Traditional Chinese medicine has the advantages of multi-component and multi-target. It can participate in the regulation of TME through multiple ways, reduce the number of cancer-associated cells in TME, inhibit crosstalk between TME and cancer cells, and restore immune cell function. It is an important source for the regulation of TME and the research and development of drugs targeting cancer-associated cells in TME. In this paper, the role of cancer-associated cells in the TME of esophageal cancer and the current application of traditional Chinese medicine targeting cancer-associated cells in TME are reviewed, so as to provide reference for the research and development of TME targeted drugs for esophageal carcinoma.

17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 292-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).@*METHODS@#From July 2010 to July 2020, clinical comparative trial about arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of ACL tibial avulsion fracture was conducted by using computer-based databases, including Embase, Pubmed, Central, Cinahl, PQDT, CNKI, Weipu, Wanfang, Cochrane Library, CBM. Literature screening and data extraction were carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of the included literature was evaluated by improved Jadad score and Ottawa Newcastle scale (NOS). The operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, knee range of motion, postoperative excellent and good rate, complication rate, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and Tegner score were statistically analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 16 literatures were included, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 15 non randomized controlled trials, with a total of 822 patients (405 in arthroscopy group and 417 in traditional incision group). Meta analysis showed that the operation time [MD=-9.03, 95% CI(-14.36, -3.70), P<0.001], hospital stay [MD=-5.81, 95%CI(-9.32, -2.31), P=0.001] and fracture healing time [MD=-14.61, 95% CI(-17.93, -11.28), P<0.001] in the arthroscopy group were better than those in the traditional incision group. The incidence of complications in arthroscopy group was lower than that in traditional incision group[OR=0.15, 95%CI(0.07, 0.33), P<0.001]. The postoperative excellent and good rate[OR=4.39, 95%CI (1.96, 9.82), P<0.001], knee mobility[MD=6.78, 95%CI(2.79, 10.77), P<0.001], Lysholm score[MD=11.63, 95%CI(4.91, 18.36), P<0.001], IKDC score[MD=7.83, 95%CI(6.09, 9.57), P<0.001] and Tegner score[MD=0.60, 95%CI(0.31, 0.89), P<0.001] in the arthroscopic group were higher than those in the traditional incision group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional open reduction and internal fixation, arthroscopic surgery in patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture can shorten the operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and obtain good postoperative knee function. It can be recommended as one of the first choice for patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Suture Techniques
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2003-2011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927834

ABSTRACT

The global biosecurity situation has become increasingly severe in recent years. The threats from outbreaks of epidemics, misuse and abuse of biotechnology, biological weapons and so on are emerging, which make biosecurity an important part of national security. Meanwhile, as a new interdisciplinary program, the education for biosecurity is still in its infancy. The challenges of domestic and international biosecurity and the quick development of biosecurity industry necessitate the establishment of security disciplines, which expose the deficiencies of talent pool in the interdisciplinary field involving biosecurity in China. Especially under the background of new engineering education, the importance of biosecurity training program has become more obvious than before. On the basis of our teaching experience, we systemically introduced the specific measures to improve the training system of biosecurity in the context of new engineering education, such as establishing an integrated curriculum system, constructing innovative teaching modes, exploring general education reform plans, and perfecting continuous improvement mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biosecurity , Biotechnology , China , Curriculum , Universities
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 350-354, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To reduce the dimension of characteristic information extracted from pelvic CT images by using principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) methods. To establish a support vector machine (SVM) classification and identification model to identify if there is pelvic injury by the reduced dimension data and evaluate the feasibility of its application.@*METHODS@#Eighty percent of 146 normal and injured pelvic CT images were randomly selected as training set for model fitting, and the remaining 20% was used as testing set to verify the accuracy of the test, respectively. Through CT image input, preprocessing, feature extraction, feature information dimension reduction, feature selection, parameter selection, model establishment and model comparison, a discriminative model of pelvic injury was established.@*RESULTS@#The PLS dimension reduction method was better than the PCA method and the SVM model was better than the naive Bayesian classifier (NBC) model. The accuracy of the modeling set, leave-one-out cross validation and testing set of the SVM classification model based on 12 PLS factors was 100%, 100% and 93.33%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the evaluation of pelvic injury, the pelvic injury data mining model based on CT images reaches high accuracy, which lays a foundation for automatic and rapid identification of pelvic injuries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Bayes Theorem , Data Mining , Least-Squares Analysis , Support Vector Machine
20.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 852-859, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) and target genes in human respiratory epithelial cells (16HBE) after enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) infection using high-throughput sequencing.Methods:TargetScan and miRDB databases were used to predict the target genes of miRNAs that were both up-regulated or down-regulated after EV71 and CVA16 infection. The genes that were both up-regulated and down-regulated were screened out. GO and pathway analysis of the target genes were conducted to screen immune-related target genes and their corresponding miRNAs. The target genes and their corresponding miRNAs that were up-regulated or down-regulated in both immune-related GO and pathway were further screened. Some miRNAs and their target genes were selected for qRT-PCR verification.Results:There were 598 target genes of up-regulated miRNAs and 1 311 target genes of down-regulated miRNAs and 62 target genes that might be up-regulated or down-regulated simultaneously were screened out. The number of up-regulated target genes involved in immune-related GO and pathway were 17 and 13, respectively, and the number of corresponding miRNAs were 15 and 17, respectively. There were 58 and 47 down-regulated target genes involved in immune-related GO and pathway, respectively, and the number of corresponding miRNAs were 30 and 42, respectively. Three up-regulated target genes were involved in both immune-related GO and pathway and regulated by four miRNAs. Nine down-regulated target genes were involved in both immune-related GO and pathway and regulated by 13 miRNAs.Conclusions:This study was conducive to elucidate the host-pathogen interaction after EV71 and CVA16 infection, and provided reference for studying the pathogenesis of hand, foot and mouth disease.

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