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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879182

ABSTRACT

To establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method for five flavonoids in Rhododendron anthopogonoides and verify its feasibility and applicability in the medicinal materials of R. anthopogonoides. With hyperoside as the internal reference, relative correction factors(RCF) of rutin, quercetin, quercitrin and kaempferol were established by high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) analysis. RCFs were used to calculate the content of each component, system durability and relative retention time. Simultaneously, QAMS and external standard method(ESM) were used to determine the content of five flavonoids in 12 batches of R. anthopogonoides from different origins. The results were statistically analyzed to verify the accuracy and feasibility. The fingerprints and cluster analysis data of R. anthopogonoides analyzed and discussed differences among the batches. According to the results, the RCFs of rutin, quercetin, quercetin and kaempferol in R. anthopogonoides were 1.242 6, 0.990 5, 0.535 0, and 0.781 3, respectively. The RCFs represented a good reproducibility under different experimental conditions. Besides, there was no significant difference between QAMS and ESM. Besides, the fingerprint and cluster analysis data showed the consistency between the classification and with the origin distribution of the herbs. In conclusion, the QAMS method shows a good stability and accuracy in the quality control of R. anthopogonoides.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reproducibility of Results , Rhododendron
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879114

ABSTRACT

Kaempferiae Parviflorae Rhizoma is the dried rhizome of Kaempferia parviflora in Zingiberaceae. It is originated and widely distributed in Thailand and other tropical and subtropical regions, where it has been used as food and medicine for thousands of years. K. parviflora is also planted in Yunnan and other places of China, but its traditional Chinese medicine properties are not clear, which greatly limits its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. In this article, the English and Chinese literatures of K. parviflora were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP databases for research and analysis. The medicinal properties of K. parviflora were preliminarily discussed based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine under the guidance of clinical application and research literatures. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of K. parviflora were inferred as follows: flat, acrid, sweet. The channel tropisms of K. parviflora included kidney, spleen, stomach, and liver. The function of K. parviflora included tonifying kidney to strengthen essence, tonifying Qi and invigorating spleen, soothing liver and relieving depression. K. parviflora was clinically applied for the diseases such as syndrome of kidney essence deficiency, sex apathy, deficiency of spleen Qi, lassitude and asthenia, a weary spirit, obesity, diabetes, liver Qi stagnation, depression, and restless. The equivalent of dry power is 1.5 g·d~(-1) and the equivalent of decoction is 1.5-6 g·d~(-1). The determination of traditional Chinese medicine properties of K. parviflora has indeed laid a theoretical foundation for its application in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and enriched traditional Chinese medicine resources.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rhizome , Thailand , Zingiberaceae
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879112

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis is a traditional medicinal aromatic plant in the Mediterranean. At present, the plant has been introduced and cultivated in the southern part of China, and it is mostly used for ornamental or cosmetic purposes. Based on literature analysis and the theory of Chinese medicine, we discussed the medicinal parts and properties of M. communis in this paper to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the medicinal value of M. communis and its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. Literatures were searched from Web of Science(core collection), PubMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang by using the set conditions as key words. Then the obtained literatures were screened and classified. Finally, a total of 376 articles were included, consisting of 44 reviews, 54 germplasm resources, 78 chemical researches, 48 studies on application, extraction, or quality, 18 human trials, 132 pharmacological studies, and 2 safety studies. Based on literature analysis and theories of Chinese medicine, the leaves of M. communis were finally selected as the medicinal part of Chinese medicine, and the traditional Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves were deduced as pungent, bitter, and cool. The channel tropisms of M. communis leaves included lung, liver, and large intestine, with functions of detoxifying, resolving a mass, and insecticide. It was used for mouth sores, vaginal itching, hemorrhoids and warts, etc.; appropriate amount shall be applied for external use, and the decoction form shall be used for washing the affected parts; 3-12 g equivalent product shall be used in decoction, and this herb shall be put into the decoction in a later stage. The clarification of the medicinal parts of M. communis, and the determination of the Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves would lay a theoretical foundation for its compatibility and application with Chinese medicines, and can do more contribution to the medical and healthcare industry in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myrtus , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878895

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in treating patients with resistant hypertension. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMbase and other databases were retrieved by computers to screen out the randomized controlled trial of traditional Chinese medicine in treating resistant hypertension. Cochrane Handbook was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature, RevMan 5.3 and Stata 12.0 was used for Meta-analysis. Finally, 11 literatures meeting the criteria were included, involving 1 023 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the combined therapy of standard triple antihypertensive regimen with traditional Chinese medicine could further reduce systolic blood pressure of patients with resistant hypertension(MD=-16.69, 95%CI[-22.21,-11.16], P<0.000 01), reduce diastolic blood pressure(MD=-7.51, 95%CI[-8.26,-6.76], P<0.000 01), improve the effective rate of anti-hypertension(OR=5.16, 95%CI[3.01, 8.84], P<0.000 01), improve the up-to-standard rate of blood pressure(OR=3.01, 95%CI[1.49, 6.09], P=0.002), and improve the effectiveness of clinical symptoms(OR=4.48, 95%CI[2.31, 8.68], P<0.000 01), with no significant effect on creatinine level(MD=-2.51, 95%CI[-6.91, 1.89], P=0.26). The results of this study indicated that the combined therapy of standard triple antihypertensive regimen with traditional Chinese medicine could further improve the clinical efficacy in patients with resistant hypertension with a good safety, but more high-quality clinical studies are still needed to verify this conclusion.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878541

ABSTRACT

In recent years, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been proved to be involved in the regulation of biological processes at various levels, attracting research interests in life science. LncRNA possesses the unique capability and exert discrete effects on transcription, translation and post-translational modification of the target genes through interacting with DNA, RNA and protein. Current studies have revealed that lncRNA plays an important role in hepatic metabolism via diverse pathways. This review focuses on the function of lncRNA and its relationship with hepatic energy metabolism and the correlated diseases, to elucidate the underlying mechanisms and prospects of lncRNA researches.


Subject(s)
Glucose/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Liver/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877103

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the lead pollution status in the workplaces of enterprises in the lead-acid battery industry in Wuhan, to analyze the correlation between lead level in the workplace and blood lead concentration in exposed workers, and to provide some advice on occupational health problems for companies. Methods Lead fume and lead dust in the workplaces were monitored from the workplaces of four lead-acid battery companies in Wuhan, and the blood lead levels of lead exposed workers were tested. Results The exceeding standard rate of lead concentration in the workplace was 34.95%, and the exceeding rate of blood lead was 1.74% among 1 435 workers. As the age of exposure increased, the average blood lead concentration of workers increased, and the difference in blood lead concentration among workers in each enterprise was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The lead concentration in the workplaces of the lead-acid battery industry in Wuhan seriously exceeded the standard. There were significant differences in blood lead concentrations among lead-exposed workers in different enterprises. Relevant departments and employees should take corresponding measures to reduce the harm.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficiency of a new scoring system of gastric cancer screening for early gastric cancer in health examination population.Methods:The risk score of gastric cancer was assessed based on the new scoring system in health examination population. A notice for further gastroscopy was sent to the medium-risk and high-risk people. Gastroscopy was performed on those who agreed to undergo the examination.Results:From January to April 2019, a total of 5 357 people in health system visited the Physical Examination Center of Shanghai Songjiang Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University for health examination. Seven hundred and forty people were classified as medium- and high-risk groups by the new screening system, 576 in medium-risk group, and 164 in high-risk group. Among them, 131 cases (17.70%) came for further gastroscopy, of whom 91 (69.47%) were in the medium-risk group and 40 (30.53%) in the high-risk group. After gastroscopy, 4 cases of gastric cancer and 1 case of esophageal cancer were detected, and both were early cancer. In the medium-risk group, 2 cases (2/91, 2.20%) of early gastric cancer and 1 case (1/91, 1.10%) of early esophageal cancer were found. In the high-risk group, 2 cases (2/40, 5.00%)of early gastric cancer were found. The tumor detection rate of high-risk group (5.00%) was higher than that of medium-risk group (3.30%), but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Risk stratification with the new scoring system of gastric cancer screening can improve the detection rate of early gastric cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status of illness and consultation within two weeks among residents in a community in Chengdu.Methods:A multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to carry out a questionnaire survey among the residents in a community in Chengdu during March to April 2019. The disease status, disease severity and consultation within two weeks were surveyed, and influencing factors of two-week illness were analyzed with logistic regression.Results:Among 2 714 participants, 715 had illness (900 times) within two weeks, with a two-week prevalence rate of 26.3%. The main symptoms were dizziness (6.4%, 58/900), cough (6.2%, 56/900), lumbago and leg pain (4.9%, 44/900), palpitations (3.3%, 30/900) and headache (3.1%, 28/900). The three most common diseases were hypertension (38.3%, 345/900), diabetes (19.3%, 174/900) and common cold (6.4%, 58/900). In this survey, the rate of two-week in bed was 20.6‰(56/2 714), and the rate of two-week off work was 4.8‰(13/2 714). Age, gender, education level and work status were the influencing factors of the illness in two weeks ( P<0.05). The choice of medical institution was also different among residents. Conclusion:The survey suggest that primary care should focus on the key groups of residents in the community such as elderly, women, low education level, retirement and unemployed; and it is necessary to strengthen the primary care institutions and two-way referral system of health care.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the joint associations of smoking and insufficient physical activity with hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia in male adults.Methods:Based on the data from the 2017 Nanjing Chronic Diseases Risk Factors Surveillance Program, 61 098 Nanjing residents aged 18 and older was randomly recruited from 12 districts, using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. Information about smoking behaviors, physical activity and chronic disease-related indicators within the first 12 months before the survey was obtained through questionnaires.Results:Among the 29 848 valid male samples, the proportions of non-smokers, current smokers and ex-smokers were 59.6%, 37.2% and 3.2%, and the proportions of those who had physically active<600 MET-min/w (insufficient physically active) and ≥600 MET-min/w (adequate physically active) were 18.8% and 82.2%, respectively. In non-smokers, current smokers and ex-smokers, the prevalence of hypertension was 24.7%, 34.0% and 43.8%, and the prevalence of diabetes was 8.8%, 12.3% and 16.5%, and the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 26.8%, 36.1% and 41.9%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that current smokers had a higher risk of hypertension ( OR=1.164, 95% CI: 1.086-1.248), diabetes ( OR=1.324, 95% CI: 1.207-1.452), and dyslipidemia ( OR=1.291, 95% CI: 1.216-1.371) than non-smokers in male adults. Compared with people who had adequate physical activity, someone with insufficient physical activity had higher hypertension ( OR=1.452, 95% CI: 1.331-1.583), diabetes ( OR=1.170, 95% CI: 1.041-1.315) and dyslipidemia ( OR=1.245, 95% CI: 1.158-1.338). And current smokers with insufficient physical activity had the highest risk of hypertension ( OR=1.749, 95% CI: 1.550-1.974), diabetes ( OR=1.363, 95% CI: 1.165-1.595), and dyslipidemia ( OR=1.614, 95% CI: 1.461-1.782) in male adults. Conclusions:Smoking and insufficient physical activity are risk factors for hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. People who is characterized by smoking together with insufficient physical activity presents with increased risk on developing hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in treatment of gallbladder polyps.Methods:The clinical data of 13 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation for gallbladder polyps at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from April 2019 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. These were 8 males and 5 females, with ages ranging from 20 to 49 years. The incidence of adverse reactions and complications after treatment, the complete ablation rate of polyps and the absorption of postoperative lesions were studied, and the gallbladder systolic function of patients before and after treatment were compared.Results:Of 13 patients, surgery was successfully carried out and there was no serious complications of gallbladder perforation, bleeding and collateral organ injury. The median radiofrequency ablation time was 30 s, and the complete ablation rate was 100.0%(13/13). After 6 months of follow-up, the rate of reduction of lesion volume was 100.0(98.0, 100.0)% at 6 months after surgery, which was significantly higher than the rates of 46.0(40.0, 54.0)%, 72(64.0, 100.0)% and 87.0(81.0±100.0)% at 1, 2 and 3 months after surgery ( P<0.05). The gallbladder contractility rate at 3 months after operation was (78.38±10.83)% compared with that before operation (77.46±11.28)%, and there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation for gallbladder polyps was safe. It had a significant short-term efficacy for treatment of gallbladder polyps.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the combined use of endoscopic balloon dilation with endoscopic biliary brushings in diagnosis of bile duct strictures.Methods:A prospective single center study was conducted at the Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. All patients with suspected malignant bile duct strictures shown on CT or MRI imaging from January 2018 to January 2020 were reviewed. All patients gave informed consent to the endascopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures. Their clinical and follow-up data were analyzed. All patients underwent endoscopic balloon dilation of bile duct strictures. Before and after balloon dilation, biliary brush cytology was performed, and the results were used to classify the patients into the control group and the experimental group. Pathological examination of the brush cytology samples was carried out by a single chief pathologist. Presence of cancer cells or significant heterogeneous cells indicated a positive brush cytology test. Negative patients who still highly consider cholangiocarcinoma and agree to surgery and whose gross specimen is confirmed to be malignant after surgery should be considered as false negative by brush examination; it is difficult to judge that patients with cholangiocarcinoma have progress after 2 months of follow-up should be considered as false negative by brush examination. Any progression of disease indicated that the brush test was wrong and the test was again classified as false negative. Only when there was no progression of strictures was the possibility of a benign biliary stricture being considered. The advantage test (McNemar test) was used to analyze the difference between the two diagnostic methods.Results:Of 39 patients who were included in this study, there were 26 males and 13 females, with an age of (68.0 ± 5.2) years. Cholangiocarcinoma was diagnosed by histopathology, surgery or at 2 months follow-up in 35 patients. In the control group, 17 patients had a positive brush test (sensitivity rate was 48.6%, 17/35). In the experimental group, 26 patients had a positive brush test (sensitivity rate was 74.2%, 26/35). In addition, 2 patients in the control group had a positive brush test, while in the experimental group, a negative brush test. A total of 28 patients were positive in the two groups. The sensitivity rate of the brush test was 80.0% (28/35). There were significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Endoscopic balloon dilation combined with endoscopic biliary brushings improved the sensitivity of pathological diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma, and endoscopic biliary brushings before and after balloon dilation improved the sensitivity of diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882285

ABSTRACT

The incidence of childhood inflammatory bowel disease has gradually increased in recent years.The disease is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disease, and its susceptible age is school age, which seriously affects the growth and development of children and brings psychological and spiritual trauma.The etiology and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease is unclear, but with the in-depth study of the intestinal flora in recent years, it has been shown that intestinal flora imbalance plays an important role in the occurrence and development of the disease, and it has also been widely confirmed in clinical practice.Therefore, people try to use probiotics in the treatment of children with inflammatory bowel disease.This article mainly reviews the progress of the application of probiotics, prebiotics, fecal bacteria transplantation and other microecological agent in children with inflammatory bowel disease, analyzes the therapeutic effects of probiotics on children with inflammatory bowel disease, and provides new ideas for clinical practice.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882218

ABSTRACT

With rapid society development and the constant changes in people's thinking, the medical ethics issue has become more prominent. Medical interns are often facing ethical problems in clinical practice. Due to the lack of understanding of the experience in medical ethics, they often handle the problems poorly, which leads to intensified disputes between doctors and patients. The paper discusses some ethical problems that often appear in the clinical practice of internal medicine, and suggests several methods to improve the medical ethics education of interns in the clinical process.

14.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 89-103, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881005

ABSTRACT

The processing of Chinese herbal medicine is a form of pharmaceutical technology developed over thousands of years, in order to increase efficiency and decrease toxicity of herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Herbal processing is essential for safe and effective application of TCM in clinical practice, as it alters the active chemical components and therefore the functions of herbal medicines. Alkaloid-rich herbal medicines in TCM are commonly processed by cleansing, cutting, processing by dry stir-frying, stir-frying with liquid adjuvants, and processing by water decoction. In addition, commonly used adjuvants for processing alkaloid-rich herbal medicines are river sand, wine, vinegar, brine, honey and herbal juice. For alkaloid-rich herbal medicines, the main chemical reactions that occur during processing include hydrolysis, oxidation, replacement, decomposition and condensation. This paper aimed to summarize the processing methods and mechanisms for alkaloid-rich Chinese herbal medicines, and provide much-needed theoretical support and scientific evidence for understanding those mechanisms and effects. Information on processing methods for alkaloid-rich herbal medicines was collected from classic books of herbal medicine, PhD and MSc dissertations, online scientific databases including PubMed, SciFinder, Scopus, Web of Science, Baidu Scholar and Google Scholar. This paper should help to advance our knowledge of the processing mechanisms and aid in the development of processing methods for alkaloid-rich Chinese herbal medicines.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal cancer between minimally invasive esophagectomy via Sweet approach in combination with cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) and minimally invasive esophagectomy via McKeown approach (MIE-MC), and to evaluate the value of MIE-SM in the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#A prospective, nonrandomized study was adopted. A total of 65 esophageal cancer patients after MIE-SM and MIE-MC from June 2014 to May 2016 were included. Among them, 33 patients underwent MIE-SM and 32 patients underwent MIE-MC. Short-term outcomes (including the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, reoperation, open surgery, number of dissected lymph nodes, and 30-day mortality), mid-term outcomes, [including Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the esophageal site-specific module (QLQ-OES18)], long-term outcomes [including overall survival and disease-free survival] were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#Radical resection (R0) were achieved in all patients. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery, intraoperative blood loss volume, ICU stay time, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#MIE-SM appears to be a safe surgical approach, which may get better quality of life, suffer less pain, and can achieve the same therapeutic effect as MIE-MC. Therefore, MIE-SM should be considered as a valuable approach for the treatment of middle and lower esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Mediastinoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of expression level changes of monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSC) to related immune function in the patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 53 newly diagnosed ITP patients and 30 healthy volunteers. The quantity of M-MDSC, mRNA levels of Arg-1 and iNOS were detected. CD4@*RESULTS@#The count of M-MDSC in peripheral blood of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01). However, the expression level of Arg-1 in peripheral blood was not significantly different between the newly diagnosed ITP group and the control group. But the expression level of iNOS in the newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01). After treatment, the count of M-MDSC in the patients with ITP was significantly lower than before treatment (P < 0.01), which showed that M-MDSC could significantly inhibit the proliferation and secretion of IFN-γ in CD4@*CONCLUSION@#M-MDSC may be related to the disorder of immune tolerance in the patients with ITP, and may become a new index to monitor the curative efficacy of ITP patients.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , HLA-DR Antigens , Humans , Immunity , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of serum levels of trace elements with core symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to September 2019, an investigation was performed for 1 020 children with ASD and 1 038 healthy children matched for age and sex in the outpatient service of grade A tertiary hospitals and special education institutions in 13 cities of China. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure serum levels of trace elements magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc.@*RESULTS@#The children with ASD had significantly lower serum levels of magnesium, copper, and zinc than the healthy children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum levels of magnesium and zinc may be associated with core symptoms in children with ASD, which requires further studies. The nutritional status of trace elements should be monitored for children with ASD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Copper/analysis , Humans , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876199

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC)-mediated alleviation of pulmonary alveolitis in mice exposed to silica dust. Methods Thirty mice were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group, and two silica groups with or without BMSCs transplantation.Through the tracheal tube clearance, mice in control group received a single injection 20.0 μL of 0.90% sodium chloride solution by one time.Mice from in silica group and silica/BMSCs transplantation group first received a single injection of 20.0 μL silica dust suspension (mass concentration 250 g/L); followed by either 500.0 μL of 0.90% sodium chloride solution or by 500.0 μL of BMSCs suspension (cell density 1×109/L) through tail vein infusion 6 hours later.Mice were euthanized on the 3th day of the experiments.The levels of NALP3 inflammasome in lungs was determined by Western blot.Transwell system was used for co-culture of BMDM (in upper-chamber) and BMSC (in lower-chamber) co-culture.The level of cytokines IL-1β in BMDM cultural supernatant was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay after stimulated by SiO2 stimulation.The levels of NALP3 inflammasome of in BMDM was determined by Western blot. Results The levels of pro-IL-1β, IL-1β, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1 in lungs of silica/BMSCs transplantation group were lower than that in silica group (P < 0.01).In the experiment in vitro, the concentrations of IL-1β in SiO2 exposed BMSC/BMDM co-culture group were lower than the SiO2 exposure only groups (P < 0.05).Meanwhile, the levels of pro-IL-1β, IL-1β, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1 in BMDM was lower than that in silica group (P < 0.01).The level of these proteins didn′t change while when the cell-free supernatant of BMSC culture was directly added. Conclusion The BMSC could inhibit NALP3 inflammasome of macrophages stimulated by SiO2.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationships between expression levels of serum microRNA-146a, STAT1 protein and clinical characteristics in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 102 children diagnosed as ALL in our hospital from June 2014 to June 2016 were enrolled, and were compared by into groups according to clinical characteristics including sex, age, lymphocyte type, disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation. Fifty healthy children were chosen as control group. The relative expression of microRNA-146a and STAT1 gene was detected by real-time RT-PCR and the relative level of STAT1 protein was detected by Western blot. The difference of microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels between clinical factors and laboratory indexs were compared. Followed-up for 3 years, The difference of overall survival (OS) rates between ALL children with different microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein were compared.@*RESULTS@#The levels of microRNA-146a, STAT1 mRNA and protein in ALL children were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05), but there were no significantly differences in sex, age and lymphocyte type grouping in ALL children (P>0.05). There were significantly differences in different disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation groups in ALL children (P<0.05). Followed-up for 3 years, the OS rate of ALL children with high microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels were better than those with low microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein levels (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The up-regulation of microRNA-146a and STAT1 protein may be involved in occurrence and development of ALL, which closely relates to clinical characteristics in ALL children, such as disease risk, chemotherapy stage and gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Up-Regulation
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