Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 675
Filter
1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 551-556, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013582

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the role of SIRT1/Nrf2 / HO-1 in alleviating the cognitive function impairment by sevoflurane treatment in a mouse model of postoperative cerebral reperfusion. Methods C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation group, hemorrhagic shock reperfusion group, sevoflurane postconditioning group, sevoflurane postcondition-ing + SIRT1 inhibitor group and sevoflurane postconditioning + Nrf2 inhibitor group. Mice were subjected to Morris water maze test after cerebral ischemia reperfusion. The ATP, superoxide dismutase (SOD), ROS and MDA contents in tissue of mice were detected. SIRT1, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins in tissue were detected by Western blot. Results After hemorrhagic shock, the learning and memory ability of mice was reduced.ATP and SOD concentration in hippocampus was reduced , MDA and ROS concentration increased, and the SIRT, Nrf2 and HO-1 concentration was reduced. Sevoflurane improved the cognitive dysfunction and oxi-dative damage in postoperative mice, and the neuro-protective effect of sevoflurane on hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation mice was weakened followed with SIRT1 and Nrf2 inhibitors. Conclusion Sevoflurane probably alleviates the oxidative reaction damage and cognitive impairment caused by cerebral reperfusion in mice through SIRT1/Nrf2/H0-1 pathway.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 491-494, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011407

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the early outcomes of anterior segment parameters after implantation of an implantable collamer lens with a central hole(ICL V4c)in patients with high myopia.METHODS:A total of 82 cases(160 eyes)with high myopia, including 42 males(82 eyes)and 40 females(78 eyes), aged 26.0±4.6(21 to 37)years, who underwent ICL V4c implantation at our institution from February 2019 to September 2022 and were followed up for 1 a, were included. The general characteristics of the anterior segment of the eye were measured preoperatively: spherical equivalent, mean horizontal corneal curvature, white-to-white(WTW), and axial length(AL); intraocular pressure(IOP), endothelial cell density(ECD), central anterior chamber depth(CACD), anterior chamber volume(ACV)and anterior chamber angle(ACA)were measured preoperatively and at 1 d, 1 wk, 1, 3 and 6 mo postoperatively. Furthermore, the distance from the centre of the posterior surface of the ICL V4c optical zone to the anterior surface of the lens(vault)was measured at 1 d, 1 wk, 1, 6 mo, and 1 a after surgery.RESULTS: The mean preoperative spherical equivalent of the patients was -7.56±2.55 D, mean horizontal corneal curvature was 42.89±1.47 D, WTW was 11.64±0.37 mm, and AL was 26.64±0.93 mm. The baseline IOP was 15.97±2.13 mmHg, and the differences in IOP at each time point after ICL V4c implantation compared to preoperative were not statistically significant(F=0.875, P=0.504); ECD was 2 989.30±140.78 cells/mm2 at baseline, and ECD at 6 mo after ICL V4c implantation was not statistically significant compared with preoperative ECD(t=1.475, P=0.142); CACD was 3.19±0.21 mm at baseline, and ACV was 210.30±27.7 mm3, and CACD and ACV were significantly lower than preoperative at all postoperative time points(F=111.10, 288.38, all P<0.001). The baseline ACA was 35.44°±11.27°, and the ACA at each time point after ICL V4c implantation was significantly lower than preoperatively(F=21.23, P<0.001). The vault was 665.32±184.03 μm at 1 d postoperatively, and continued to be significantly reduced at 1 wk, 1, 6 mo, and 1 a postoperatively compared with 1 d(F=52.10, P<0.001). However, it remained stable at 6 mo and 1 a postoperatively, and the difference was not statistically significant compared with vault at 1 mo postoperatively(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: ICL V4c has certain safety and efficiency in 1 a postoperative follow-up, and the parameters of the anterior segment of the eye stabilized in the early period.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 392-404, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011240

ABSTRACT

Nasal drug delivery efficiency is highly dependent on the position in which the drug is deposited in the nasal cavity. However, no reliable method is currently available to assess its impact on delivery performance. In this study, a biomimetic nasal model based on three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and three-dimensional printing (3DP) technology was developed for visualizing the deposition of drug powders in the nasal cavity. The results showed significant differences in cavity area and volume and powder distribution in the anterior part of the biomimetic nasal model of Chinese males and females. The nasal cavity model was modified with dimethicone and validated to be suitable for the deposition test. The experimental device produced the most satisfactory results with five spray times. Furthermore, particle sizes and spray angles were found to significantly affect the experimental device's performance and alter drug distribution, respectively. Additionally, mometasone furoate (MF) nasal spray (NS) distribution patterns were investigated in a goat nasal cavity model and three male goat noses, confirming the in vitro and in vivo correlation. In conclusion, the developed human nasal structure biomimetic device has the potential to be a valuable tool for assessing nasal drug delivery system deposition and distribution.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1059-1065, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ventricular remodeling after acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (AAMI) is an important factor in occurrence of heart failure which additionally results in poor prognosis. Therefore, the treatment of ventricular remodeling needs to be further optimized. Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDP), a traditional Chinese medicine, exerts a protective effect on microcirculatory disturbance caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuates ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function after AAMI on a larger scale.@*METHODS@#This study is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial. The total of 268 patients with AAMI after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) will be randomly assigned 1:1 to the CDDP group (n=134) and control group (n=134) with a follow-up of 48 weeks. Both groups will be treated with standard therapy of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), with the CDDP group administrating 20 tablets of CDDP before pPCI and 10 tablets 3 times daily after pPCI, and the control group treated with a placebo simultaneously. The primary endpoint is 48-week echocardiographic outcomes including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI), and left ventricular end-systolic volume index (LVESVI). The secondary endpoint includes the change in N terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level, arrhythmias, and cardiovascular events (death, cardiac arrest, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, rehospitalization due to heart failure or angina pectoris, deterioration of cardiac function, and stroke). Investigators and patients are both blinded to the allocated treatment.@*DISCUSSION@#This prospective study will investigate the efficacy and safety of CDDP in improving ventricular remodeling and cardiac function in patients undergoing pPCI for a first AAMI. Patients in the CDDP group will be compared with those in the control group. If certified to be effective, CDDP treatment in AAMI will probably be advised on a larger scale. (Trial registration No. NCT05000411).


Subject(s)
Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Remodeling , Prospective Studies , Microcirculation , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1118-1124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010177

ABSTRACT

Central nervous system involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is less common and usually presents as white matter lesions, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), or transverse myelitis. NMOSD is an immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with a high rate of relapse and significant disability. Studies have shown that patients with pSS combined with NMOSD have more severe symptoms and poorer prognosis. Here, we present a case of critical illness in pregnancy-associated NMOSD combined with Sjögren's syndrome. The patient was a 30-year-old pregnant woman with a history of Sjögren's syndrome who was diagnosed with NMOSD. She received combination therapy with steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and hydroxychloroquine during pregnancy, resulting in partial resolution of numbness below the waist. However, due to irregular medication adherence outside the hospital setting, she developed weakness in her right lower limb accompanied by inability to move it, while her left lower limb still had some mobility but occasional numbness along with urinary and fecal incontinence. Ten days later, she was admitted to the emergency department where an emergency cesarean section was performed to deliver a healthy baby boy. However, her condition worsened postpartum as she developed high fever accompanied by bilateral lower limb paralysis and weakness along with loss of voluntary control over urination and defecation. The patient underwent ano-ther course of treatment consisting of steroids and IVIG; however there was limited improvement in symptoms observed after this intervention. Following administration of rituximab for the first time, the patient developed urinary tract infection which was successfully managed before continuing regular infusions. In later stages the patient could walk slightly with a limp and regained control over urination and defecation, allowing her to resume normal activities. This case suggests that combination therapy with steroids, IVIG, and hydroxychloroquine should be considered for the patients with pregnancy-associated NMOSD combined with Sjögren's syndrome. Rituximab can significantly improve symptoms such as postpartum paralysis in patients with NMOSD, however, there may be a risk of infection associated with its use.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Critical Illness , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Hypesthesia/complications , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Inflammation/complications , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Paralysis/complications , Pregnancy Complications/therapy , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Steroids/therapeutic use , Vision Disorders
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1899-1904, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010057

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is one of the major complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), which seriously affects the prognosis of patients. At present, a new regimen of post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) combined with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) has been used to prevent GVHD, indicating that PTCy combined with ATG may have a good effect on the prevention of GVHD in different types of transplantation. However, the mechanism of this regimen, its effect on immune reconstitution and viral reactivation still needs to be further studied. Therefore, this article briefly reviews the research progress of PTCy combined with ATG in preventing GVHD after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum , Cyclophosphamide , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Transplantation, Homologous , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 262-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970373

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the ability of oil-emulsion adjuvant to stimulate cellular immunity, chitosan hydrochloride with positive charge was selected to stabilize oil-in-water emulsion (CHE). In this paper, model antigen ovalbumin was selected to prepare vaccines with emulsion adjuvant, commercial adjuvant or no adjuvant. The emulsion was characterized by measuring the particle size, electric potential and antigen adsorption rate. BALB/c mice were immunized by intramuscular injection. Serum antibody levels, the numbers of IL-4-secreting cells in splenocytes, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and the expression of central memory T cells were measured to evaluate the immunostimulatory effect. The results showed that chitosan hydrochloride can effectively stabilize the emulsion. The emulsion size is about 600 nm, and the antigen adsorption rate is more than 90%. After immunization, CHE could increase serum antibodies levels and increase IL-4 secretion. Expression of CTL surface activation molecules was also increased to stimulate CTL response further and to increase the CD44+CD62L+ in T cells proportion. CHE as adjuvant can stimulate humoral and cellular immunity more efficiently, and is expected to extend the duration of protection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chitosan , Interleukin-4 , Emulsions , Immunization , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Antigens , Mice, Inbred BALB C
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of acupuncture at Huiyin (CV 1) and oral administration of western medication in treatment of chronic severe functional constipation (CSFC).@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients with CSFC were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (32 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a western medication group (32 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given routine basic treatment. The acupuncture group was treated by directly puncture of 20-30 mm at Huiyin (CV 1), once a day for the first 4 weeks, 5 times a week, once every other day for the next 4 weeks, 3 times a week, totally for 8 weeks. The western medication group was treated with 2 mg prucalopride succinate tablets orally before breakfast every day for 8 weeks. The average number of weekly spontaneous bowel movement (SBM) of the two groups were observed before treatment and 1-8 weeks into treatment. The constipation symptom score before and after treatment, and in follow-up of 1 month after treatment, as well as quality of life [patient assessment of constipation quality of life questionnaire (PAC-QOL) score and the proportion of patients of PAC-QOL score difference before and after treatment≥1] before and after treatment were compared in the two groups. The clinical effects of the two groups were evaluated after treatment and in follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the average number of weekly SBM in the two groups was increased 1-8 weeks into treatment (P<0.05). The average number of weekly SBM in the acupuncture group was less than that in the western medication group 1 week into treatment (P<0.05), and the average number of weekly SBM in the observation group was more than that in the western medication group 4-8 weeks into treatment (P<0.05). The scores of constipation symptom after treatment and in follow-up and scores of PAC-QOL after-treatment in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were lower than the western medication group (P<0.05). The proportion of patients of PAC-QOL score difference before and after treatment≥1 in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the west medication group (P<0.05). The total effective rates after treatment and in follow-up in the acupuncture group were 81.5% (22/27) and 78.3% (18/23), respectively, which were better than 42.9% (12/28) and 43.5% (10/23) in the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at Huiyin (CV 1) can effectively increase the number of spontaneous defecation in patients with CSFC, reduce constipation symptoms, improve the quality of life, and the effect after treatment and in follow-up is better than oral western medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points , Constipation/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy
9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 32-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958997

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Human adenovirus (HAdV), which is characterized by infectivity, complex pathogenesis and multiple target organs, causes multiple organ infections in the respiratory system, gastrointestinal system and eyes, which seriously endangers human health. Various subspecies of HAdV has different tissue tropism, which presents diverse clinical symptoms and epidemiological characteristics. Based on the molecule biological characteristics of HAdV, this review summarizes the clinical symptoms and epidemiological characteristics of HAdV infections depending on tissue tropism, and describes the trends in HAdV epidemiology, so as to provide insights into prevention and control of HAdV infections.

10.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 107-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965309

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the pharmacodynamic effects and mechanism of Zhuling Jianpi capsule(Zhuling) on 2,4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced experimental colitis in rats.The experimental colitis model was established by enema with 2.5% TNBS.The rats were randomly divided into normal group,model group,Changyanning (180 mg/kg) group and Zhuling low-dose (40 mg/kg) group and Zhuling high-dose (120 mg/kg) group.After modeling,the rats were executed after 7 days of drug treatment.During this period,the disease activity status of the rats was observed,and the body weights of the rats were recorded daily.At the end of the experiment,the colonic tissues were obtained for the analysis of the expression of hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining.The myeloperoxidase (MPO) enzyme activity,mRNA expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-10) were determined, and the levels of intestinal tight junction proteins and serum inflammatory factor levels were measured.The results showed that compared with model group, the administration of Zhuling significantly alleviated the weight loss and elevated the disease activity index (DAI) caused by TNBS, relieved the shortening, edema and pathological damage of colonic tissue, reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, destruction of crypt and loss of goblet cells, decreased the MPO enzyme activity of colonic tissue, iNOS and pro-inflammatory cytokines in colon, increased the levels of colonic tight junction protein (occludin, ZO-1), and decreased serum levels of inflammatory factors (IL-6,IL-1β).The results suggest that Zhuling administration ameliorates TNBS-induced experimental colitis in rats by decreasing the level of inflammatory factors and increasing the expression of intestinal tight junction proteins.This experiment could provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of Zhuling.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3498-3507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981500

ABSTRACT

This study compared the effects of Curcuma longa before and after processing with vinegar on the rat model of dysmenorrhea with the syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation to reveal the mechanism of vinegar processing in improving the role of C. longa in soothing liver and relieving pain. The rat model of dysmenorrhea with the syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation was established according to the Preparation of the Animal Model of Dysmenorrhea(Draft) and the chronic unpredictable stress me-thod. The changes in the body weight, organ indexes, writhing latency, writhing score, and serum levels of six liver function indicators, sex hormones, pain factors, and blood rheological indicators were measured to evaluate the efficacy of C. longa processed with vinegar or not in treating dysmenorrhea in the rats with syndrome of liver depression and qi stagnation. Compared with the model group, the C. longa group(processed with vinegar or not) showed slow weight loss, increase in writhing latency, and decrease in writhing response(P<0.05). The inhibition rates on writhing in raw C. longa, vinegar-processed C. longa, and positive groups were 33.780%, 64.611%, and 62.466%, respectively. The significantly higher inhibition rate of the vinegar processing group indicated that vinegar-processed C. longa demonstrated more significant therapeutic effect. The vinegar-processed C. longa group showed lower levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), direct bilirubin(DBIL), and total bilirubin(TBIL) and higher level of albumin(ALB)(P<0.05), which indicated that vinegar processing enhanced the therapeutic effect of C. longa on liver injury. The serum levels of estradiol(E_2) and oxytocin(OT) were lower in the vinegar-processed C. longa group(P<0.05), indicating that the vinegar-processed C. longa could regulate the sex hormone levels, reduce the activity of uterine smooth muscle and contraction of uterus, and alleviate the symptoms of dysmenorrhea in rats. Moreover, the vinegar-processed C. longa group showed lower interleukin-6(IL-6) and arginine vasopressin(AVP) levels and higher beta-endorphin(β-EP) level(P<0.05), which indicated that vinegar-processed C. longa regulated the levels of pain factors to exert the pain-relieving effect. Drug intervention decreased the whole blood viscosity low-cut, medium-cut and high-cut values, plasma viscosity, whole blood reduction viscosity low-cut and high-cut values, erythrocyte cumulative pressure, and equation K value of erythrocyte sedimentation rate(P<0.05), and the vinegar-processed C. longa group outperformed other groups. This result indicated that vinegar processing enhanced the function of C. longa in improving the local blood rheology. C. longa processed with vinegar can enter the liver to relieve the da-mage to the heart, liver, kidney, and uterus, repair the liver function, and recover the sex hormone levels and immune function by regulating the levels of sex hormones and pain factors and improving the blood rheology. It activates the pain-relieving mechanism to relieve the pain, protect the liver, and fight inflammation, which is consistent with the theory that vinegar processing facilitates C. longa entering the liver to sooth liver and relieve pain.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1859-1866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978659

ABSTRACT

Root rot severely restricts the sustainable development of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus (AMM) industry. Resistance breeding is an economical and environmentally safe way to manage the disease and its key lies in the obtaining of resistance indicators. This study aimed to quickly and accurately screen the resistance-related (RR) metabolites so as to provide reference for the screening of indicators of AMM breeding for resistance. LC-MS-based targeted metabolomics and real-time quantitative PCR technology were employed, in combination with multivariate statistical analysis, in analyzing the dynamic changes of phenylpropanoid metabolites in AMM in response to root rot pathogen Fusarium solani (FS) infection and identifying the differential metabolites. The LC-MS method established showed high sensitivity; each metabolite had a good linear relationship (R2 ≥ 0.968 9) in the corresponding linear range of the respective standard curve; the recoveries and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) (n = 6) ranged from 70% to 107% and from 1.2% to 9.9%, respectively. Obvious disturbances were observed in the changes of the targeted metabolites in AMM infected by FS. These metabolites, compared with the mock-inoculated (CK) group, showed different up or down regulation with time series. Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, ononin, calycosin and formononetin were identified as differential metabolites, and they all belong to flavonoids. The first three compounds were significantly negatively correlated (r ≤ -0.97, P < 0.05) with the content of FS in the root of AMM. As potential RR metabolites, they are helpful in obtaining promising resistance indicators for AMM against FS infection.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1001-1008, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994925

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, radiological characteristics, therapy, and outcome of patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH).Methods:The general information, clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations, treatment, and outcomes in consecutive patients of SIH hospitalized in the Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from November 2018 to October 2022 were analyzed.Results:A total of 118 patients with a female-to-male ratio of 5∶4 were included and the ages were 17.00-71.00[39.00(34.00,46.75)]years with a preponderance in the age of 30-49 years. Almost all patients had orthostatic headaches (117/118, 99.2%), accompanied by nausea (90/118, 76.3%), vomiting (70/118, 59.3%), neck stiffness (88/118, 74.6%), tinnitus (57/118, 48.3%), and ear fullness (57/118, 48.3%). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed dural enhancement (97/113, 85.8%), enlarged venous sinus (88/113, 77.9%), subdural fluid collection (46/113, 40.7%), decreased suprasellar cistern (86/113, 76.1%), effacement of the prepontine cistern (86/113, 76.1%), diminished mamillopontine distance (80/113, 70.8%). The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks were detected in 90.7% (107/118) of the patients by magnetic resonance myelography but 54.3% (25/46) and 52.6% (20/38) by CT myelography and magnetic resonance myelography with gadolinium. Lumber puncture found CSF pressure<60 mmH 2O (1 mmH 2O=0.009 8 kPa) in 18.4% (19/103) of patients, increased CSF red blood cell counts in 50.6% (44/87) of patients, CSF pleocytosis in 44.8% (39/87) of patients, increased CSF protein concentrations in 57.5% (50/87) of patients. The headache completely disappeared after conservative treatment in 24.6% (31/118) of patients and after a single targeted epidural blood patch in 89.7% (78/87) of patients. A rebound headache after epidural blood patch treatment occurred in 66.0% (58/87) of patients. Conclusions:The patients with SIH almost manifested with orthostatic headache, and brain MRI and magnetic resonance myelography were suggested in those patients instead of CSF pressure by lumber puncture. Targeted epidural blood patch was effective and safe in SIH patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 178-186, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of 6 patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension caused by high-flow spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks.Methods:The clinical characteristics, auxiliary examinations, treatment, and outcomes in 6 patients of spontaneous intracranial hypotension caused by high-flow spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks enrolled in the Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from February 2021 to April 2022 were retrospectively reviewed.Results:All the 6 patients had orthostatic headaches. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed dural enhancement and brain sagging and magnetic resonance myelography showed longitudinal extradural collection in all the patients. The high-flow spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks were demonstrated in upper thoracic segments by the dynamic myelography. The headache disappeared after conservative treatment in 2 patients and treatment with targeted epidural blood patch in 4 patients.Conclusions:The diagnosis of spontaneous intracranial hypotension caused by high-flow spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks with typical orthostatic headache and brain magnetic resonance imaging and myelography findings is not difficult. However, the localization of the site of high-flow spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks in spontaneous intracranial hypotension depends on the dynamic myelography. Targeted epidural blood patch is effective, but conservative treatment does not always work.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 345-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994332

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the genetic variation in a mucopolysaccharidosis type Ⅱ(MPS Ⅱ)family, and conduct a functional study of iduronate-2-sulfatase(IDS): c.323A>C.Methods:A five-generation MPS Ⅱ family of 83 individuals including 4 patients from northern China was collected. Urine mucopolysaccharide and Alder-Reilly body were tested to assist the clinical diagnosis of MPS Ⅱ. IDS enzyme activity was detected on core family members. By the whole exome sequencing of a MPS Ⅱ patient in this family and bioinformatics analysis, the variant was screened and further identified by PCR-Sanger sequencing. Finally, to validate the function of the variant in vitro, the wild-type IDS overexpression plasmid(pCMV-hIDS-WT)and the IDS overexpression plasmid carrying the mutation site(pCMV-hIDS-c.323A>C)were transfected into COS-7 cells and the IDS activity was detected. Results:The proband(Ⅳ3)and Ⅳ4 were diagnosed as MPS Ⅱ by urine mucopolysaccharide, Alder-Reilly body, and IDS enzyme activity tests. Ⅳ3, Ⅳ4, Ⅲ19, and Ⅲ32 were determined to carry IDS: c.323A>C missense variant through the whole-exome sequencing, and diagnosed as MPS Ⅱ. Meanwhile, Ⅱ2, Ⅱ4, Ⅱ8, Ⅱ12, Ⅱ14, Ⅲ5, Ⅲ7, Ⅳ14 in the MPS Ⅱ family carried IDS: c.323A>C missense variant, and were excluded as MPS Ⅱ. The in vitro experiment in COS-7 cells showed that the missense mutation led to a significant decrease in IDS enzyme activity. Conclusion:The variant IDS: c.323A>C: p.Y108S significantly decreases the activity of IDS enzyme in vivo and in vitro, and it is identified as a pathogenic variant for MPS Ⅱ.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 450-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Enolase inhibition (ENOblock) on autophagy- related protein expression and motor function promotion after spinal cord injury in rats.Methods:A total of 160 female SD rats were divided into sham-operation group, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) autophagy inhibitor treatment group (3-MA group), spinal cord injury group and ENOblock treatment group (ENOblock group) according to the random number table, with 40 rats per group. Back laminectomy without injury to the spinal cord was performed in sham-operation group. Spinal cord injury at T 8 was induced by using a modified Allen weight-drop apparatus to establish a spinal cord injury model in the rest three groups. 3-MA and ENOblock groups were injected 3-MA (2.5 mg/kg) and ENOblock (100 μg/kg) into the caudal vein immediately after injury, respectively. Sham-operation and spinal cord injury groups were injected same dose of isotonic sodium chloride solution into the caudal vein. At 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after injury, BBB score was used to evaluate lower limb motor function. At day 3 after injury, the ratio of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of autophagy effector protein (Beclin-1) and polyubiq-uitinbinding protein (p62) were detected by Western blotting. At day 7 after injury, LC3-Ⅱ and Beclin-1 positive cells in the injured area of the spinal cord were determined by immunofluorescence staining. At day 3 after injury, the mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in the injured area of the spinal cord were detected by RT-PCR. Results:At 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after injury, BBB score was lowered in 3-MA group [(1.4±1.1)points, (2.4±0.9)points, (3.8±1.8)points, (7.6±1.1)points, (9.0±2.1)points], spinal cord injury group [(0.8±0.5)points, (1.8±0.9)points, (3.6±0.9)points, (6.2±1.3)points, (8.0±0.7)points] and ENOblock group [(2.0±0.9)points, (2.2±0.8)points, (4.8±1.1)points, (10.6±1.5)points, (13.2±0.8)points] compared to sham-operation group [(21.0±0.0)points at all time points] (all P<0.05). Moreover, the score in ENOblock group was significantly higher than that in spinal cord injury group at 14, 21 days after injury, and the score in 3-MA group was significantly higher than that in spinal cord injury group at day 21 after injury (all P<0.05). At day 3 after injury, Western blotting showed that the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of Beclin-1 and p62 were 0.46±0.10, 0.41±0.03, 0.81±0.03 in sham-operation group, 0.66±0.06, 0.69±0.02, 0.59±0.05 in 3-MA group, 0.85±0.06, 1.07±0.03, 0.41±0.02 in spinal cord injury group and 0.68±0.06, 0.66±0.08, 0.55±0.02 in ENOblock group. By comparison, spinal cord injury group showed significantly higher ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expression of Beclin-1 and significantly lower protein expression of p62 than sham-operation group (all P<0.05); 3-MA and ENOblock groups showed significantly lower ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expression of Beclin-1 and significantly higher protein expression of p62 than spinal cord injury group (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and protein expressions of Beclin-1 and p62 between 3-MA and ENOblock groups (all P>0.05). At day 7 after injury, immunofluorescence staining showed that LC3-II and Beclin-1 positive cells in 3-MA and ENOblock groups were less than those in spinal cord injury group. At day 3 after injury, RT-PCR showed that mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in spinal cord injury group (1.08±0.16, 0.98±0.17) were higher than those in sham-operation group (0.25±0.06, 0.29±0.03). Moreover, mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase in 3-MA group (0.77±0.11, 0.72±0.04) and ENOblock group (0.81±0.10, 0.64±0.09) were lower than those in spinal cord injury group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mRNA expressions of Beclin-1 and Enolase between 3-MA and ENOblock groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Autophagy activity is significantly up-regulated after spinal cord injury in rats. ENOblock can inhibit autophagy and promote motor function recovery in rats by regulating the expression of autophagy-related proteins.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 521-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible role and mechanism of purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7(P2X7)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome pathway in cognitive impairment induced by sleep deprivation (SD)mice.Methods:SPF grade male C57BL / 6J mice aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the random number table method with 6 mice in each group.They were normal control group (CC group), SD group and SD+ P2X7 receptor antagonist brilliant blue G(BBG) group (SD+ BBG group). Modified multiple platform method was used to establish a 5-day SD model in mice.During the SD intervention period, the mice in SD+ BBG group were injected with BBG(50 mg/kg) intraperitoneally once a day, while the mice in CC group and SD group were injected with the same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution.Morris water maze was conducted to evaluate the cognitive function of mice.The protein expression levels of P2X7, NLRP3, caspase-1, apoptosis-associated proteins(ASC) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in hippocampus were detected by Western blot.RT-qPCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), IL-1β, interleukin-18(IL-18) and microglial polarization surface markers CD206 and CD86 in hippocampus.Graph pad Prism 8.0 software and SPSS 25.0 software were used for statistical analysis and mapping.Results:(1) The interaction effect between time and groups of escape latency in three groups of mice was significant ( F=15.76, P<0.001). From the 2nd to 5th day, the escape latencies of mice in SD group were higher than those of CC group, while the escape latencies of mice in SD+ BBG group were lower than those of SD group (all P<0.05). (2)The results of the space exploration experiment showed that there were statistically significant differences in target quadrant residence time and the times of crossing the platform( F=6.65, P=0.009; F=12.39, P<0.001). The target quadrant residence time ((23.42±0.55) s) and times of crossing the platform ((17.67±0.71) times) of the SD group were both lower than those of the CC group ((29.48±1.78) s, (23.33±0.95) times) (both P<0.05), while the target quadrant residence time ((28.62±1.19) s) and the times of crossing the platforms ((21.33±0.76) times) of the SD+ BBG group were both higher than those of the SD group (both P<0.05). (3)There were statistically significant differences in the protein levels of inflammatory related proteins such as P2X7, NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and IL-1β in the hippocampus of mice among the 3 groups( F=8.23, 8.97, 8.45, 54.42, 8.12, all P<0.05). Compared with CC group, the protein levels of P2X7 ((0.93±0.02), (0.71±0.04)), NLRP3 ((0.97±0.04), (0.62±0.09)), caspase-1 ((1.00±0.03), (0.76±0.07)), ASC ((0.96±0.02), (0.77±0.04)) and IL-1β ((0.85±0.07), (0.54±0.04)) in SD group were all higher (all P<0.05). Compared with SD group, the protein levels of P2X7 (0.74±0.05), NLRP3 (0.78±0.02), caspase-1 (0.74±0.04), ASC (0.67±0.02), IL-1β (0.53±0.07) in SD+ BBG group were all lower (all P<0.05). (4)There were statistically significant differences in the mRNA levels of IL-18, IL-1β, TNF-α, CD86 and CD206 in hippocampus among the three groups ( F=12.80, 12.28, 105.80, 7.06, 30.19, all P<0.05). The mRNA levels of IL-18, IL-1β, TNF-α, CD86 in SD group were all higher than those in CC group(all P<0.05), while the mRNA level of CD206 in SD group was lower than that in CC group( P<0.05). Compared with SD group, the mRNA levels of IL-18, IL-1β, TNF-α, CD86 were lower in SD+ BBG group (all P<0.05), while the CD206 mRNA level of SD+ BBG group was higher than that in SD group( P<0.05). Conclusion:SD intervention can lead to cognitive impairment and increased expression of P2X7 in hippocampus of mice, which may be related to the activation of P2X7/ NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway, promoting the polarization of microglia into pro-inflammatory type and up-regulating the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines.Inhibition of P2X7 can improve the cognitive function of mice.

18.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 525-528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different carbon dioxide (CO 2) pneumoperitoneum pressures combined general anesthesia with sevoflurane-propofol on cerebral oxygenmetabolism balance and stress response in elderly patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. Methods:A retrospective collection of 100 colon cancer cases from February 2020 to February 2021 in the Jiading Branch of Shanghai First People′s Hospital (Jiangqiao Hospital, Jiading District) and the Shanghai First People′s Hospital were divided into low pressure group and high pressure group according to different CO 2 pneumoperitoneum pressure values, each with 50 cases and 12 mmHg(1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) and 18 mmHg CO 2 pneumoperitoneum pressure values were used to inflate, and the perioperative status, cerebral oxygen metabolism status, and stress response of the two groups were observed. Results:The take food time, first time out of bed in the low pressure group were lower than those in the high pressure group: (45.67 ± 7.34) h vs. (49.67 ± 8.16) h, (34.69 ± 8.26) h vs. (39.87 ± 7.16) h, there were statistical differences( P<0.05). The time of first anal exhaust and hospital stay in the two groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05). Repeated measures analysis of variance results showed that the levels of partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery, oxyhemoglobin saturation, arterial blood lactate acid, benous blood lactic acid were different followed the time and treatment methods ( P<0.05). The levels of heart rate, mean arterial pressure, cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone in the low pressure group were higher than those in the high pressure group: (73.68 ± 6.35) beats/min vs. (84.84 ± 6.86) beats/min, (81.67 ± 13.68) mmHg vs. (93.68 ± 14.37) mmHg, (100.24 ± 12.34) μg/L vs. (135.68 ± 13.69) μg/L, (3.12 ± 0.43) mU/L vs. (3.54 ± 0.34) mU/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Different CO 2 pneumoperitoneal pressures affect the brain oxygen metabolism of patients, and clinical attention should be paid to them.

19.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 373-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of ultrasound guided transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) on pain, rehabilitation indexes and immune function of postoperative in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery.Methods:A total of 100 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery admitted to Jiading Branch of Shanghai First People′s Hospital/Jiangqiao Hospital of Jiading District and Shanghai First People′s Hospital from February 2020 to February 2021 were selected as the study subjects, including 43 patients performed epidural block (control group) and 57 patients performed TAPB (observation group). The clinical indicators, vital signs parameters, pain degree, immune function in the two groups were compared.Results:The exhausting time, defecation time, getting out of bed time and hospitalization time in observation group were shorter than those in control group: (2.71 ± 0.54) d vs. (2.99 ± 0.66) d, (3.02 ± 0.49) d vs. (3.49 ± 0.56) d, (3.20 ± 0.89) d vs. (3.85 ± 1.08) d, (6.81 ± 0.98) d vs. (7.71 ± 1.08) d, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure and heart rate at pre-anesthesia, immediate incision of the skin, end of the surgery between two groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05). The scores of visual analogue scale at 4, 24, 48 and 72 h after surgery in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The levels of CD 3+, CD 4+, CD 4+/CD 8+ and IgM after surgery for 3 d in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: 0.512 ± 0.054 vs. 0.487 ± 0.051, 0.280 ± 0.036 vs. 0.222 ± 0.032, 1.36 ± 0.29 vs. 1.17 ± 0.26, (152.53 ± 34.3) kU/L vs. (138.86 ± 31.18) kU/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TAPB can effectively reduce the degree of postoperative pain and immunosuppression after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery, so as to promote postoperative rehabilitation of patients.

20.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 504-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)and related techniques in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis in children.Methods:The clinical data of 16 children with chronic pancreatitis diagnosed in the Department of Gastroenterology at Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2021 to January 2022, who had ERCP indications were analyzed retrospectively, including age, sex, operation time, postoperative complications and follow-up data.Results:Thirty nine ERCP operations were performed in 16 children, with the age of (7.20±2.51) years old, and the minimum weight of 13 kg.There were 7 males and 9 females.The clinical manifestations were upper abdominal pain in all cases, 3 patients with dyspnea, 1 patient with gastrointestinal bleeding, and 1 patient with diabetes.In terms of etiology, 16 cases were diagnosed by ERCP including, 7 cases with pancreatic divisum, 1 case with abnormal pancreaticobile duct confluence.Among the 16 children, 11 had gene examination with 9 gene mutations (including 7 cases SPINK1 mutation, 1 case PRSS mutation, and 1 case CFTR mutation).The operation time was 30 to 65 minutes, and the median was 43 minutes.The operation time was negative correlation with age, while there was no correlation with the anatomical structure abnormality or the gene mutation.Among the 16 children, 15 were placed with pancreatic duct stents, with a success rate of 93.8%.Three children had postoperative pancreatitis, the rest had hyperamylasemia.Postoperative complications were not related with the age, the anatomical structure abnormality or the gene mutation.All children had been followed up for more than one year.All children have not suffered from pancreatitis again, and the body mass index had increased significantly after operation than before( P<0.05).The ERCP operation was performed 2 to 4 times in children after stent replacement, and the time of stent replacement ranged from 3 months to 12 months. Conclusion:The main causes of chronic pancreatitis in children are anatomical abnormalities or gene mutations.ERCP and related techniques are minimally invasive, safe and effective in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL