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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of accelerated epithelium-off corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the treatment of corneal ectasia after keratorefractive surgery.Methods:An observational case series study was performed.Twelve patients (22 eyes) diagnosed with corneal ectasia after keratorefractive surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2018.All the patients received accelerated epithelium-off CXL and were followed up for 12 months.Before and 1 week, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the operation, the uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) converted to the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) unit were measured.The sphericity, cylindricity, and spherical equivalent were examined by Topcon auto refractor.The maximum keratometry (Kmax) of the front surface, mean keratometry (Km) of the front surface, Km of the back surface, symmetry index of front surface (SIf), symmetry index of back surface (SIb), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), total aberrations, total high-order aberrations, coma aberration, trefoil aberration and spherical aberration were detected by the Sirius analyzer.The depth of corneal demarcation lines was determined by optical coherence tomography.The intraocular pressure was measured by the non-contact tonometry.The corneal endothelial cell density was assayed by the endothelial cell densitometry.The inflammatory reaction and haze were observed with a slit lamp at different time points after surgery.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (No.KY2020063). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before entering the cohort.Results:Among the 22 eyes of 12 cases, 3 eyes of 2 cases (13.64%) underwent small incision lenticule extraction, and 19 eyes of 10 cases (86.36%) underwent excimer laser in situ keratomileusis.The UCVA (LogMAR), BCVA (LogMAR), cylindricity and spherical equivalent before the operation were 0.61±0.42, 0.24±0.23, (-2.83±2.39)D, (-3.60±2.66)D, which were significantly worse than 0.45±0.31, 0.12±0.15, (-2.11±1.67)D, (-3.12±2.31)D at 12 months after the operation ( t=4.054, 4.956, -3.728, -2.742; all at P<0.05). The front surface Kmax, front surface Km and SIf at 12 months after the operation were (48.37±5.80), (41.49±3.04), (5.36±4.07)D, which were significantly lower than (49.61±5.97), (41.66±2.97), (5.85±4.18)D before the operation ( t=5.949, 2.278, 2.719; all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in sphericity, Km of the back surface, SIb, TCT, total aberrations, total high-order aberrations, coma aberration, trefoil aberration, spherical aberration, intraocular pressure and endothelial cell density between before and 12 months after the operation (all at P>0.05). Grade 0.5-2 haze occurred in 8 eyes of 4 patients one month postoperatively.After administration of prednisolone acetate eye drops, haze decreased or disappeared 3 months postoperatively, with UCVA and BCVA unchanged.A corneal demarcation line with a depth of (285.40±51.61)μm was found in 11 eyes of 6 cases at 1 month after operation. Conclusions:Accelerated epithelium-off CXL can significantly improve visual acuity, reduce corneal astigmatism and corneal curvature, as well as effectively prevent the progress of corneal ectasia.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 335-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between telomere length of bone marrow mononuclear cells and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:Telomere length of bone marrow mononuclear cells before transplantation, after transplantation and before donor mobilization as well as information related to follow-up of 33 AML patients who received allo-HSCT in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University between June 2020 and June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Telomere length was detected by using telomeric terminal restriction fragment (TRF) method. Telomere length was compared among patients with different prognoses. The recurrence within 1 year was treated as the gold standard and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the effect of telomere length before transplantation or before donor mobilization in the judgement of the recurrence within 1 year after transplantation. The patients were stratified according to the optimal threshold value of telomere length for patients or donors, and Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with different stratification, and log-rank test was performed.Results:The median age of 33 patients was 34 years (14-61 years), and there were 17 males and 16 females; 31 patients were initially diagnosed with AML, 1 patient transferred from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) to AML, and 1 patient transferred from chronic granulocytic leukemia (CML) to AML; 14 received identical sibling transplantation and 19 received haploidentical sibling transplantation. The median age of the donors was 30 years (20-65 years), including 24 males and 9 females. Telomere length of bone marrow mononuclear cells before mobilization in 33 donors was longer than that in patients before transplantation (33 cases) and at +30 d after transplantation (31 cases) [(6.67±0.31) kb, (6.40±0.33) kb, (6.48±0.33) kb, respectively; all P < 0.05], and the difference between patients before and at +30 d after transplantation was not statistically significant ( t = 0.89, P = 0.378), and the telomere length of bone marrow mononuclear cells in 11 patients +180 d after transplantation was (6.66±0.18) kb. The incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after transplantation was 45.5% (15/33), the incidence of infection with clear imaging and pathogenic basis was 39.4% (13/33), the mortality rate within 1 year after transplantation was 3.0% (1/33), and the recurrence rate within 1 year after transplantation was 15.2% (5/33). There were no statistically significant differences in telomere length of donor pre-mobilization bone marrow mononuclear cells between the groups with and without aGVHD and between the infected and non-infected groups (all P > 0.05).Compared with patients who had not relapsed within 1 year after transplantation, telomere length of donor pre-mobilization bone marrow mononuclear cells was shorter in patients who relapsed within 1 year after transplantation [(6.39±0.19) kb vs. (6.72±0.30) kb, t = -3.23, P = 0.011], telomere length was longer in patients before transplantation [(6.75±0.16) kb vs. (6.35±0.36) kb, t = 4.17, P = 0.001]. ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal threshold values for telomere length of pre-transplantation and donor pre-mobilization bone marrow mononuclear cells were 6.48 and 6.42 kb, respectively for patients who relapsed within 1 year after transplantation. PFS in patients with pre-transplantation bone marrow mononuclear cells telomere length < 6.48 kb was better than that in patients with telomere length ≥ 6.48 kb ( P = 0.003); PFS in patients with pre-mobilization bone marrow mononuclear cells telomere length>6.42 kb was better than that in patients with telomere length ≤ 6.42 kb ( P < 0.001). Conclusions:In allo-HSCT for AML, patients have an increased risk of relapse within 1 year after transplantation when their pre-transplantation bone marrow mononuclear cells telomere length is long and the donor bone marrow mononuclear cells telomere length is short.

3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 73-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969950

ABSTRACT

In order to specify the information expression of acupuncture effect and realize the knowledge reuse and sharing, in view of animal experiments and clinical trials, the relevant knowledge of acupuncture effect is allocated. Using seven-step method and Protégé5.5.0 tool, the ontology of acupuncture effect is constructed on the base of ISO/TS 16843-6: 2022. A total of 199 classes are constructed, including 7 categories (acupuncture point, acupuncture therapy, needling method, biological process, genes and gene products, disorder, and anatomic structure), 12 object properties, 1 108 instances and 5 123 axioms. A semantic network with the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion is established and the structured expression for the knowledge of acupuncture effects is obtained, which lays the foundation for the innovation and development in the field of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture/education , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Knowledge
4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 115-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a nomogram based on features under endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for predicting the diagnosis of small gastric stromal tumors.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 189 patients with gastric submucosal tumors (diameter less than 2 cm) who underwent endoscopic resection at the Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji University from June 2015 to August 2021 were retrospectively collected. All patients were divided into the modeling group ( n=126) and the validation group ( n=63) at 2∶1 by random function of software R. Independent influencing factors for the diagnosis of small gastric stromal tumors under EUS screened by univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to establish the diagnostic prediction nomogram. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to evaluate the discrimination of the model both in the modeling group and the validation group. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve were used to evaluate the calibration of the model in both groups. Results:The age of patients >60 years ( OR=2.815, 95% CI:1.148-6.900, P=0.024), the lesions located in cardia/fundus ( OR=5.210, 95% CI:1.225-22.165, P=0.025), originated in muscularis propria ( OR=6.404, 95% CI:2.262-18.135, P<0.001) and of external growth ( OR=6.024, 95% CI:1.252-28.971, P=0.025) were independent influencing factors for the diagnosis of small gastric stromal tumors under EUS. The diagnostic prediction nomogram was established based on the four factors above. The areas under ROC curve of the modeling group and validation group were 0.834 (95% CI:0.765-0.903) and 0.780 (95% CI:0.667-0.893). Hosmer-Lemeshow test indicated that this model fit the data well ( χ2=10.23, P=0.176 in the modeling group; χ2=2.62, P=0.918 in the validation group). Calibration charts of the model drawn by Bootstrap method showed that the calibration curves fit well with the standard curves in both groups. Conclusion:The nomogram based on features under EUS for predicting the diagnosis of small gastric stromal tumors provides a visual reference for endoscopists to diagnose small gastric stromal tumors under EUS with good discrimination and calibration.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 529-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of herbal cake separated moxibustion on macrophage effector molecule T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-4 (Tim-4) and ubiquitination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) in rabbits with immunosuppression, and to explore the possible mechanism on herbal cake separated moxibustion in improving immunosuppression.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two big-ear white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a moxa stick moxibustion group and a herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 8 rabbits in each group. Except the normal group, the immunosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide of60 mg/kg in the other 3 groups. "Shenque" (CV 8), "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Zusanli" (ST 36), etc. were selected in both the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group. Moxa stick moxibustion was applied in the moxa stick moxibustion group, one cone at each acupoint; herbal cake separated moxibustion was applied in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, 5 cones at each acupoint. The intervention was given once every other day for 10 times in both groups. Leukocyte content in peripheral blood was detected by blood cell analyzer; the positive expression of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was measured by flow cytometry, the serum levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), CD8, CD68 and Tim-4 were detected by ELISA, and the expression of Tim-4 and F-box only protein 38 (FBXO38) in the liver and spleen tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, in the model group, white blood cell count (WBC) and percentage of neutrophils (NEU%) were decreased while percentage of lymphocyte (LYM%) was increased (P<0.01) in peripheral blood; the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were increased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were increased (P<0.01), the serum level of CD8 was decreased (P<0.01); the average optical density (AOD) of Tim-4 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the liver and spleen tissues was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxa stick moxibustion group and the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, WBC and NEU% were increased (P<0.01); the positive expression rates of PD-1 in CD+4 T lymphocytes, CD+8T lymphocytes and CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood were decreased (P<0.01); the serum levels of IL-2, CD68 and Tim-4 were decreased (P<0.01), the serum levels of CD8 were increased (P<0.01); the AOD of Tim-4 and FBXO38 in the liver tissue and FBXO38 in the spleen tissue was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the moxa stick moxibustion group, in the herbal cake separated moxibustion group, the positive expression rate of PD-1 in CD+68 macrophages in peripheral blood was increased (P<0.05); serum level of Tim-4 was increased (P<0.01); AOD of Tim-4 in the liver tissue was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Herbal cake separated moxibustion can improve immunosuppression by regulating the expression of macrophage effector molecule Tim-4 and the FBXO38 mediated ubiquitination of PD-1, Tim-4 may be one of the specific indexes of immunomodulation involving with herbal cake separated moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Interleukin-2/genetics , Moxibustion , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , Immunosuppression Therapy , Ubiquitination
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 327-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927383

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzes the specificity of term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature and compares the advantages and disadvantages of three named entity recognition (NER) methods adopted in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. It is believed that the bi-directional long short-term memory networks-conditional random fields (Bi LSTM-CRF) may communicate the context information and complete NER by using less feature rules. This model is suitable for term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature. Based on this model, it is proposed that the process of term recognition in acupuncture clinical literature should include 4 aspects, i.e. literature pretreatment, sequence labeling, model training and effect evaluation, which provides an approach to the terminological structurization in acupuncture clinical literature.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Electronic Health Records , Natural Language Processing
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 705-710, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939651

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 11 years, was admitted due to intermittent fever for 15 days, cough for 10 days, and "hemoptysis" for 7 days. The boy had fever and cough with left neck pain 15 days ago, and antibiotic treatment was effective. During the course of disease, the boy developed massive "hemoptysis" which caused shock. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed a left pyriform sinus fistula with continuous bleeding. In combination with neck and vascular imaging examination results, the boy was diagnosed with internal jugular vein injury and thrombosis due to congenital pyriform sinus fistula infection and neck abscess. The boy was improved after treatment with temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation for the closure of pyriform sinus fistula, and no recurrence was observed during the follow-up for one year and six months. No reports of massive hemorrhage and shock due to pyriform sinus fistula infection were found in the searched literature, and this article summarizes the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this boy, so as to provide a reference for the early diagnosis of such disease and the prevention and treatment of its complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abscess/surgery , Cough , Fever/complications , Fistula/surgery , Hemoptysis/complications , Neck , Shock
8.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 345-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of acupoints, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion with different moxibustion methods on skin surface and inside temperature, and to provide references for the clinical standardization of moxibustion amount. Methods: The 42 big-ear white rabbits were divided into 6 groups according to the random number table method, a 1-cone direct moxibustion group, a 2-cone direct moxibustion group, a 3-cone direct moxibustion group, a 1-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, a 2-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, and a 3-cone herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group, with 7 rabbits in each group. Shenque (CV 8), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zusanli (ST 36) were used in each group, but the moxibustion methods, cone numbers and durations of moxibustion were different. Rabbits in each group received moxibustion once every other day for 5 times in total. During the intervention, a thermoelectricity coupled probe and a temperature recorder were used to record the real-time acupoint skin temperature and the temperature at different time points, so as to observe, analyze and process the real-time changes in the temperature difference between the surface and inside of acupoint skin. Results: For herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion, the best temperature for cone changing was (46.38±0.51) ℃ when the highest surface temperature was (49.20±0.52) ℃; the multi-factor comparison of acupoint × cone number × time and acupoint × moxibustion method × time showed that time × acupoint, time × moxibustion method and cone number × acupoint had interactive effects (all P<0.05). Comparing skin temperature differences between different cone numbers at the same acupoint, Shenque (CV 8) on the 1st and the 5th days, Shenshu (BL 23) on the 3rd and the 7th days, Zusanli (ST 36) on the 1st and the 9th days of experiment showed statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The skin temperature comparison of different moxibustion methods at the same acupoint all had statistical differences (all P<0.05), except for Shenque (CV 8) before moxibustion, Shenshu (BL 23) before moxibustion and on the 5th day; Zusanli (ST 36) only showed statistical differences on the 5th and 7th days (both P<0.05). The skin temperature differences of different acupoints after moxibustion in the 1-cone, 2-cone and 3-cone groups were statistically different (all P<0.05); direct moxibustion and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at different acupoints were all statistically different (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Cone changing temperature under the same specifications of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion was confirmed. Temperature difference between surface and inside of different acupoint skin at the same maximum temperature was significantly different due to the cone numbers and moxibustion methods, which showed the highest at Shenshu (BL 23), the second at Shenque (CV 8), and the lowest at Zusanli (ST 36). The influence of acupoint factor should be considered to determine the quantitative indicators of moxibustion.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1307-1310, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911769

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 86 juvenile cases of periorbital cellulitis treated in the Lianyungang Hospital from March 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 72 cases of pre-orbital septal infection (44 males, aged 0.5-11.0 years) and 14 cases of post-orbital septal infection (9 males, aged 2.0-17.0 years). The age of pre-orbital septal infection [(6.14±2.18)years] was higher than that of pre-orbital [(3.71±2.83) years, P<0.05]. Sinusitis was the main cause of periorbital cellulitis in juvenile, accounting for 62.8%. All patients showed local symptoms such as eyelid redness, swelling and tenderness; 9 patients with post-orbital cellulitis were accompanied by limited eye movement and exophthalmos. CT scan was performed in all 86 patients and showed that the normal interface of anterior orbital septal space was disappeared and the density of orbital soft tissue was increased; the ocular compression and displacement were observed in 12 patients with post-orbital septal cellulitis. MRI was performed in 7 patients with post-orbital infection and showed that the orbital fat space was blurred, and the long T1 and T2 signals of orbital circumference were observed. Laboratory tests showed the increase of leukocyte count (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP); compared to pre-orbital septal infection there was a tendency of higher WBC and CRP in post-orbital infection patients, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). Blood culture was carried out in 69 patients. 5 pathogenic bacteria in post-orbital septal infection patients were isolated, including S. aureus in 4 cases and H. influenzae in 1 case. All patients were treated with local antibiotic eye drops combined with intravenous antibiotics; incision drainage was performed in 1 case and ultrasound-guided needle puncture drainage in 3 cases. All the patients were cured. It is suggested that there are differences in age and clinical manifestations between patients with pre-orbital septal infection and post-orbital septal infection. CT and MRI are important for the differential diagnosis of them. Local eye drops of antibiotics combined with intravenous infusion are mainly used for treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 436-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911046

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the urodynamic classification of middle-aged and elderly men with benign prostatic obstruction(BPO), and to analyze the efficacy of transurethral resection of the prostate(TURP) on various types of patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis of middle-aged and elderly male patients with non-neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS) who underwent urodynamic tests from January 2010 to December 2018, including 793 patients with BPO. Urodynamics examination of detrusor without contraction needs to complete cystoscopy to diagnose BPO. During urodynamic examination, the detrusor uninhibited contraction induced by spontaneous or stimulation during the bladder filling period is diagnosed as overactivity of the bladder detrusor(DO), and the LinPURR chart indicates the detrusor underactivity(DU). Based on the persistence of BPO leading to DO, DU, and decreased bladder compliance, 793 male patients with BPO with LUTS were divided into four types, including type Ⅰ(BPO: n=164, 20.7%), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO: n=333, 42.00%), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU: n=267, 33.7%), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with decreased bladder compliance: n=29, 3.7%). The preoperative comparison between groups showed that the age of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ gradually increased, and the age of type Ⅰ was significantly smaller than other types [(67.3±8.2)years, (69.7±7.7)years, (71.5±7.9)years, (72.4±7.1)years, P<0.05]. Compared with other types, the type Ⅰ’s IPSS-S[(9.1±3.6)points vs.(10.4±3.1) points, (9.2±3.3) points, (10.4±3.1)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(13.5±3.4) points vs. (14.2±3.5)points, (14.0±3.5)points, (14.2±2.9)points, P<0.05], IPSS scores[(22.6±5.4)points, (24.7±4.9)points, (23.1±5.3)points, (24.6±4.7)points, P<0.05] were significantly lower than other groups, the maximum bladder capacity [(332.6±83.2)ml vs.(221.4±80.8)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml, P<0.05], the functional bladder capacity was significantly higher than other types[(215.2±90.0)ml, (148.5±76.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅱ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs.(9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], nocturia frequency[(3.7±1.8)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05], IPSS score[(24.7±4.9)points vs.(22.6±5.4)points, (23.1±5.3)points, P<0.05], quality of life scores [(4.9±0.9) points, (4.6±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05] was significantly higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ ( P<0.05). Type Ⅲ and Ⅳ had higher residual urine than type Ⅱ[(121.3±96.4)ml, (121.3±96.4)ml vs.(71.2±73.5)ml, P<0.05]. Type Ⅳ’s IPSS-S[(10.4±3.1)points vs. (9.1±3.6)points, (9.2±3.3)points, P<0.05], IPSS-V[(14.2±2.9) points vs.(13.5±3.4)points, (14.0±3.5)points, P<0.05], the frequency of nocturia[(3.8±1.9)times vs.(3.2±1.8)times, (3.2±1.6)times, P<0.05] was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ, and the quality of life score was higher than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ[(4.3±0.8)points vs.(4.7±0.9)points, (4.6±0.9)points, P<0.05]. type Ⅱ and type Ⅳ’s bladder compliance[(21.4±24.2)ml/cmH 2O, (11.0±11.4)ml/cmH 2O vs.(33.9±23.7)ml/cmH 2O, (33.1±32.7)ml/cmH 2O, P<0.05], maximum bladder capacity[(221.4±80.8)ml, (242.3±103.4)ml vs.(332.6±83.2)ml, (286.7±108.2)ml, P<0.05], functional bladder capacity[(148.5±76.0)ml, (121.2±72.9)ml vs.(215.2±90.0)ml, (154.9±87.2)ml, P<0.05] were significantly less than type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ( P<0.05). From November 2016 to November 2018, 60 middle-aged and elderly male patients with confirmed BPO and TURP were selected, including type Ⅰ( n=17, 28.3%), type Ⅱ ( n=23, 38.3%), and Ⅲ type ( n=11, 18.3%), Ⅳ type( n=9, 15.1%). Type IV patients are significantly older than other types ( P<0.05), bladder compliance is significantly worse than other types( P<0.05), the maximum bladder capacity is smaller than other types( P<0.05). The follow-up started 3 months after the operation. The content of the follow-up included IPSS, IPSS-S, IPSS-V, nocturia frequency, undisturbed sleep time, nocturia quality of life score, and life quality score. Results:The IPSS scores of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ after TURP were significantly improved compared with preoperative(19.8±6.2 vs.3.4±1.8; 21.9±5.2 vs.4.6±2.6; 21.5±6.2 vs.5.7±4.6, P<0.05), type Ⅳ urine storage symptom score (9.1±4.1 vs.4.3±3.7), nocturia frequency(3.6±1.5vs.2.3±1.6), nocturia quality of life score (25.3±6.9 vs.31.4±13.7) Compared with preoperatively, there was no significant improvement( P>0.05). The quality of life score improvement of type Ⅳ patients was significantly lower than that of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, and type Ⅲ (10.9±9.1 vs.12.2±9.0, 14.4±5.7, 12.7±5.8, P<0.05). The IPSS score of type Ⅳ patients was significantly higher than that of type Ⅰ(7.0±5.8 vs.3.4±1.8), and the nocturia quality of life score was significantly lower than that of each group (31.4±13.7 vs.37.5±4.2, 38.7±3.5, 37.8±3.8, P<0.05). Conclusions:For middle-aged and elderly men with BPO, we divide them into four types based on the results of urodynamic examinations, type Ⅰ(simple BPO), type Ⅱ(BPO combined with DO), type Ⅲ(BPO combined with DU), type Ⅳ(BPO combined with bladder compliance decline). Type Ⅰ patients have the best bladder function, and TURP has the best effect; type Ⅱ has a high symptom score and poor quality of life, and can benefit after TURP; type Ⅲ bladder function is poor, and surgery should be performed as soon as possible to prevent further deterioration of bladder function; type Ⅳ bladder function is the best poor, IPSS score and quality of life score are high, TURP surgery is not effective.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 538-542, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic effect between regular spherical corneal refractive therapy (CRT) and dual axis CRT on myopia with corneal astigmatism.Methods:A non-randomized controlled study was conducted.Aged 8 to 14 years old, forty-eight patients (48 eyes) wearing CRT orthokeratology enrolled from May, 2018 to December, 2018 in First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University were divided into dual axis CRT group (24 eyes) and spherical CRT group (24 eyes) according to their guardians' willingness.After 1-year follow-up, the visual acuity, eccentricity distance in treatment area, annual axial growth and the corneal punctate staining incidence of the two groups were compared.The study followed the Declaration of Helsinki, and was approved by an Ethics Committee of First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (No.KY201975). Written informed consent was obtained from guardians prior to any examination.Results:The uncorrected visual acuity of the dual axis CRT group was better than that of the spherical CRT group at one week and one month after correction, and the differences were statistically significant (both at P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in uncorrected visual acuity between the two groups at other time points (all at P>0.05). The deviations of optical center in the spherical CRT group at each observation time points were significantly larger than that in the dual axis group (all at P<0.05), and the deviation was not obviously changed with time in both groups and there was no significant difference in deviation change between the two groups ( Ftime=2.301, P=0.074). The eccentricity was mainly in horizontal direction in spherical CRT group.The median annual axial growth was 0.12 (0.10, 0.45)mm in the dual axis CRT group and 0.14 (0.10, 0.46)mm in the spherical CRT group, with no significant difference between the two groups ( Z=0.248, P=0.804). There was 4.2%(1/24) of the patients having grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ corneal punctate staining in the dual axis CRT group, and 25.0%(6/24) in the regular spherical CRT group, showing significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.180, P=0.049). Conclusions:For the treatment of myopia with astigmatism, dual axis CRT shows better centricity and safety than spherical CRT.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 364-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873407

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the difference in protein expression between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with recurrence and those with good prognosis, the differential expression and regulatory mechanism of miR-152-3p target proteins, and the role of miR-152-3p in the recurrence of HCC. MethodsTMT-labeled proteomic sequencing and RT-PCR were used to measure the expression of proteins and the expression of miR-152-3p in the HCC tissue of six patients with recurrence at 2 years after HCC resection and six patients with good prognosis at 5 years. Six databases were used to analyze the target genes of miR-152-3p, and Gene Ontology, DAVID, and REACTOME databases were used to perform target gene screening, enrichment annotation, and signal transduction pathway enrichment analysis. Gene mutation frequency and survival curve analysis were performed for the target genes of miR-152-3p to verify the role of miR-152-3p target genes in patients with HCC recurrence. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and a Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to investigate the survival rates of liver-related genes. ResultsCompared with the patients with HCC recurrence, the patients with good prognosis after HCC resection had a significantly higher transcriptional expression level of miR-152-3p in HCC tissue (P<0.05). The results of protein sequencing showed that there were 365 differentially expressed proteins in HCC tissue between the patients with good prognosis and the patients with recurrence, and the analysis of HCC recurrence databases showed that 17 proteins were regulated by miR-152-3p. Further analysis of the signaling pathways showed that the function of the 17 target genes regulated by miR-152-3p was enriched in the translation and regulation of mitochondria and ribosome, and multiple enrichment revealed that six target genes were closely associated with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex, i.e., AKAP1, FOXRED1, MRPL28, MRPL50, SHC1, and STAU1. Gene mutation frequency and survival curve analysis showed that the loss or weakening of the function of mitochondrial respiratory chain-related target proteins seriously affected the prognosis and survival rate of patients. ConclusionThere is a significant difference in the expression of miR-152-3p in HCC tissue between patients with good prognosis and those with recurrence after HCC resection, and miR-152-3p may lead to the recurrence of HCC by regulating the target genes AKAP1, FOXRED1, MRPL28, MRPL50, SHC1, and STAU1, acting on the mitochondrial respiratory chain, and affecting the oxidative respiratory function of cells.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2090-2097, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#TOSO, also named Fas inhibitory molecule 3 (FAIM3), has recently been identified as an immunoglobulin M (IgM) Fc receptor (FcμR). Previous studies have shown that TOSO is specifically over-expressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the functions of TOSO in CLL remain unknown. The B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway has been reported to be constitutively activated in CLL. Here, we aimed to investigate the functions of TOSO in the BCR signaling pathway and the pathogenesis of CLL.@*METHODS@#We over-expressed TOSO in B-cell lymphoma cell lines (Granta-519 and Z138) by lentiviral transduction and knocked down TOSO by siRNA in primary CLL cells. The over-expression and knockdown of TOSO were confirmed at the RNA level by polymerase chain reaction and protein level by Western blotting. Co-immunoprecipitation with TOSO antibody followed by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (IP/LCMS) was used to identify TOSO interacting proteins. Western blotting was performed to detect the activation status of BCR signaling pathways as well as B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2). Flow cytometry was used to examine the apoptosis of TOSO-over-expressing B lymphoma cell lines and TOSO-down-regulated CLL cells via the staining of Annexin V and 7-AAD. One-way analyses of variance were used for intergroup comparisons, while independent samples t tests were used for two-sample comparisons.@*RESULTS@#From IP/LCMS, we identified spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) as a crucial candidate of TOSO-interacting protein and confirmed it by co-immunoprecipitation. After stimulation with anti-IgM, TOSO over-expression increased the phosphorylation of SYK, and subsequently activated the BCR signaling pathway, which could be reversed by a SYK inhibitor. TOSO knockdown in primary CLL cells resulted in reduced SYK phosphorylation as well as attenuated BCR signaling pathway. The apoptosis rates of the Granta-519 and Z138 cells expressing TOSO were (8.46 ± 2.90)% and (4.20 ± 1.21)%, respectively, significantly lower than the rates of the control groups, which were (25.20 ± 4.60)% and (19.72 ± 1.10)%, respectively (P < 0.05 for both). The apoptosis rate was reduced after knocking down TOSO in the primary CLL cells. In addition, we also found that TOSO down-regulation in primary cells from CLL patients led to decreased expression of BCL-2 as well as lower apoptosis, and vice versa in the cell line.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TOSO might be involved in the pathogenesis of CLL by interacting with SYK, enhancing the BCR signaling pathway, and inducing apoptosis resistance.

14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 47-54, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with anti-N-methyl--aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis and to provide a basis for early clinical identification of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 42 cases of anti-NMDAR encephalitis at Department of Pediatrics, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2015 to March 2018 were collected. The clinical features and followed-up outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#There were 15 cases (35.7%) of males and 27 cases (64.3%) of females in 42 children, with a ratio of 1꞉1.8. They were aged from 4 months to 17 years, with an average of (9.20±4.66) years. The most common initial symptoms were seizures (47.6%, 20/42) and mental behavior disorder (35.7%, 15/42). During the course of the disease, 85.7% patients(36/42) had mental and behavior disorder, 85.7% patients (36/42) had epilepsy, 76.2% (32/42) had speech disorder, 66.7% patients (28/42) had dyskinesia, 66.7% patients (28/42) had the decreased level of consciousness, 61.9% patients (26/42) had autonomic instability, and 57.1% (24/42) patients had sleep disorder. All the children had positive antibody against NMDA receptor resistance encephalitis in cerebrospinal fluid. Head MRI showed the abnormal incidence was 50.0% (21/42), and the lesions involved in parietal lobe, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, midbrain, thalamus, basal ganglia and optic nerve. There was a patient with optic nerve damage combined with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody positive. Forty cases were examined by electroencephalogram (EEG), 92.5% cases (37/40) were abnormal, mainly showing diffuse slow waves, and δ brushes could be seen in severe cases. And there was 1 patient (2.4%) complicated with mesenteric teratoma. The mRS score (2.14±1.46) at discharge was significantly lower than the highest mRS score (3.88±1.38) during hospitalization (<0.05). After 3-39 months of follow-up, mRS score at 3 months after discharge was only 0.81±1.29, which was still improved compared with that at discharge, 76.2% cases (32/42) experienced complete or near-complete recovery (mRS score≤2), and 4.8% (2/42) cases relapsed. There was no mortality; the initial time of immunotherapy and the highest mRS score in the course of the disease were the factors affecting the prognosis. The earlier the starting time for immunotherapy and the lower mRS score in the course of the disease were, the better the prognosis was.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Seizures, mental and behavior disorder, dyskinesias, speech disorder and autonomic instability are common clinical manifestations of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children. The effect of immunotherapy is significant, and the time to start immunotherapy and the severity of the disease are important factors affecting the prognosis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis can be combined with other autoantibodies, but its clinical significance and mechanism need further study.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis , Autoantibodies , Electroencephalography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Retrospective Studies
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 663-666, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of patients with solitary kidney stones.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 22 patients with solitary kidney stones treated with PCNL in Peking University People's Hospital from September 2008 to June 2014, with the follow-up data of more than 5 years were analyzed retrospectively. Perioperative indicators, postoperative stone free rate (SFR) and incidence of complications were recorded. Ultrasonography was used to evaluate the long-term stones recurrence rate. Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were used to assess the long-term renal function.@*RESULTS@#In this group of 22 patients, the average age was (50.3±11.8) years, with 10 cases of anatomic solitary kidneys, 12 functional solitary kidneys, and the median stone diameter was 1.65 (1.1-3.9) cm. All the patients had multiple stones, including 7 cases of staghorn stones. The median pre-operative serum creatinine was 104.5 (60.0-460.0) μmol/L, and the mean eGFR was (60.3±29.4) mL/min, showing no statistically significant difference compared with that before surgery. The mean operative time was (88.2±42.0) min, and there were 11 cases of single-channel and double-channel PCNL. The median serum creatinine on the first day after surgery was 102.0 (63.0-364.0) μmol/L, and the mean eGFR was (58.0±25.1) mL/min. The mean postoperative hospital stay was (8.7±5.2) days. In this group, 5 patients (22.7%) presented short-term complications, among which 4 patients presented postoperative infection and massive hemorrhage at the same time, which improved after conservative treatment, and 1 patient presented pleural injury and improved after closed thoracic drainage. Two patients (9.1%) developed long-term complications, and ureteral stricture occurred 3 months after operation, which improved after balloon dilatation. The median follow-up time was 6.2 (4.7-11.1) years. The median serum creatinine at the last follow-up was 104.0 (72.4-377.0) μmol/L, and the mean eGFR was (60.1±23.7) mL/min, showing no statistically significant difference compared with that before surgery. Renal function decreased in 6 patients (27.3%). Initial and final SFR were 72.7% and 100%, respectively. During the 6.2-year follow-up, 9 patients (40.9%) experienced recurrence of kidney stone. After stone recurrence, 13 lithotomy surgeries were performed, and the SFR by the latest follow-up was 63.6%.@*CONCLUSION@#This study had the longest follow-up time for patients with solitary kidney stones after PCNL reported at home and abroad. Ultrasound-guided standard PCNL was safe and effective in the treatment of solitary kidney stones. Long-term follow-up results showed that the recurrence rate of kidney stones was still high, but the long-term renal function was stable after operation, and some patients showed mild renal function decline.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Kidney/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 230-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To know the critical care resources of the different class-hospitals in Guizhou Province, China, and to provide the direction and evidence for quality improvement and discipline construction of critical care medicine in Guizhou Province.Methods:The resource status of the departments of intensive care unit (ICU) in Guizhou Province was obtained through form filling and/or field investigation. The forms were filled and submitted from May 2017 to February 2018, and the field investigation (some of the hospitals) was carried out in March 2018. The data of hospitals in Guizhou Province in 2018, was obtained from the official website of Health Committee of Guizhou Province, which was released online on November 28th, 2019. The obtained data were summarized and analyzed according to different aspects such asthe status of ICU construction, main equipment configuration and technology implementation.Results:There were 39 third-class hospitals and 77 second-class hospitals included in this study, which accounted for 76.5% (39/51) of third-class public hospitals and 50.0% (77/154) of second-class public hospitals respectively. Among them, there were 86.8% (33/38) of third-class general hospitals and 50.4% (69/137) of second-class general hospitals respectively. In terms of ICU construction, compared with the ICUs of second-class hospitals, the ICUs of third-class hospitals were established earlier [years: 2011 (2008, 2012) vs. 2013 (2011, 2015), P < 0.01], had more ICU beds, doctors and nurses [15 (11, 20) vs. 8 (6, 10), 9 (8, 11) vs. 6 (5, 7), 25 (20, 41) vs. 15 (12, 19), respectively, all P < 0.01]. However, there were no significant differences regarding the doctor-bed ratio and the nurse-bed ratio in ICUs between second-class hospitals and third-class hospitals. In terms of main equipment configuration, compared with the ICUs of second-class hospitals, the ICUs of third-class hospitals had more ventilators, higher ratio of ventilators to beds, more infusion pumps, higher ratio of infusion pumps to beds, more monitor, gastrointestinal nutrition pumps and single rooms, and higher proportion of ICUs equipped with negative pressure rooms [ventilators: 14 (10, 18) vs. 6 (4, 8), ratio of ventilators to beds: 1.0 (0.7, 1.1) vs. 0.8 (0.6, 1.0), infusion pumps: 10 (6, 20) vs. 5 (3, 8), ratio of infusion pumps to beds: 0.8 (0.0, 1.0) vs. 0.0 (0.0, 0.4), monitor: 18 (13, 24) vs. 9 (6, 12), gastrointestinal nutrition pumps: 2 (1, 5) vs. 1 (0, 3), single rooms: 2 (1, 3) vs. 1 (0, 3), proportion of ICUs equipped with negative pressure rooms: 53.8% (21/39) vs. 31.5% (23/73), respectively, all P < 0.05]. Furthermore, there were higher proportions of ICUs equipped with portable ventilator, pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring (PiCCO), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), B ultrasound machine, bronchoscope, pressure of end-tidal carbondioxide (P ETCO 2) monitoring, bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, bedside gastroscopy, the apparatus used for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity in third-class hospitals than in second-class hospitals [portable ventilator: 86.7% (26/30) vs. 59.6% (28/47), 43.3% (13/30) vs. 1.5% (1/66), 14.3% (4/28) vs. 0% (0/65), 10.7% (3/28) vs. 0% (0/65), 62.5% (20/32) vs. 37.3% (25/67), 97.1% (33/34) vs. 63.6% (42/66), 60.6% (20/33) vs. 28.4% (19/67), 17.2% (5/29) vs. 0% (0/65), 27.6% (8/29) vs. 1.5% (1/65), 77.4% (24/31) vs. 52.3% (34/65), respectively, all P < 0.05]. In terms of skills development, there were more ICUs carried out intracranial pressure monitoring, abdominal pressure monitoring, ultrasound diagnosis, bronchoscope examination and treatment and blood purification in third-class hospitals than in second-class hospitals [31.6% (12/38) vs. 14.7% (11/75), 75.7% (28/37) vs. 38.6% (27/70), 61.5% (24/39) vs. 24.3% (18/74), 89.7% (35/39) vs. 45.9% (34/74), 92.3% (36/39) vs. 48.6% (36/74), respectively, all P < 0.05]. Conclusions:The data were mainly derived from public general hospitals in Guizhou Province. Compared with the ICUs of second-class hospitals, the ICUs of third-class hospitals were founded earlier and larger, had better hardware configuration and could carry out more skills. However, the human resource situations were similar between second-class hospitals and third-class hospitals. Both second-class hospitals and third-class hospitals have a need to improve the allocation of manpower and equipment and expand various skills in ICUs, while it is more urgent for second-class hospitals.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 214-218, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transurethral resection of the prostate on nocturia and sleep quality in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.Methods:This retrospective study included 122 patients who underwent TURP(transurethral resection of the prostate) for BPH(benign prostatic hyperplasia)from December 2016 to December 2018.The age was(69.7±7.9)years old. There was 20 cases with diabetes and 40 cases with hypertension. The preoperative mean prostate volume was (64.4±41.2)ml and mean BMI was (24.3±2.7)kg/m 2. The preoperative IPSS score was (20.5±5.5) points, the number of nocturia events(assessed by the seventh question of IPSS) was (4.4±1.9) times, hours of undisturbed sleep (HUS) was (1.7±1.0) h, 110 cases with HUS <3 h; nocturia quality-of-life questionnaire (N-QOL) was (24.9±6.3) points, quality of life (QOL) was (4.4±0.9) points. 111 patients had the urodynamic examination done. The maximum urine flow rate was (6.4±3.1) ml/s, the maximum bladder volume was (318.5±83.6) ml, the residual urine volume was (153.9±158.9) ml, and the maximum detrusor pressure was (78.4±35.5)cmH 2O.Detrusor muscle strength decreased in 27 cases, 18 cases had OAB, 9 cases of effective bladder capacity declined and 60 cases had bladder outlet obstruction. 42 cases had an effective bladder volume <200 ml, of which 33 had a maximum bladder capacity >200 ml with nocturia (4.5±1.9) times, 9 cases had a maximum bladder capacity ≤200 ml with nocturia (4.7±1.7) times. All 122 patients were treated with TURP. Result:122 patients were followed up for 3-20 months. After operation the number of nocturia significantly decreased to (1.9±1.23) times ( P<0.05), HUS significantly improved to(3.4±1.3) h ( P<0.05), and 91 cases had HUS ≥3 with 82.7% remission rate; N-QOL significantly improved to (37.3±6.7) points ( P<0.05), IPSS significantly decreased to (4.9±4.2) points ( P<0.05), and QOL significantly decreased (0.8±0.9) points ( P<0.05). 121 patients had nocturia ≥2 voids before surgery, and 96 patients had improved (≥50% reduction of nocturnal frequency). There were 68 patients with nocturia ≥2 voids after operation with total score of preoperative IPSS (21.8±5.3), and 54 patients with nocturia <2 voids with total score of preoperative IPSS (19.2±5.5)( P<0.05). Patients with a effective bladder capacity less than 200 ml were divided into a group with a maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml and a group with a maximum bladder capacity>200 ml. The nocturia did not improve significantly after surgery ( P>0.05) in the group with a maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml, and the nocturia in the group with a maximum bladder capacity >200 ml had significantly improvement ( P<0.05). The group with a maximum bladder capacity ≤200 ml had nocturia (3.4±1.5) times after surgery, which was no significant different from that before surgery ( P=0.12); nocturia (1.9±1.1) times after operation in the group with maximum bladder volume>200 ml, and there was significant difference compared with before surgery ( P<0.05). Conclusion:TURP can significantly prolong the HUS of BPH patients with nocturia, and improve the life and sleep quality of patients. TURP partly reduces the number of nocturia, but some patients still suffer from nocturia after operation. The high total score of IPSS before operation and the maximum bladder volume ≤200 ml are the risk factors for nocturia after operation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1190-1195, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis versus side-to-side esophagojejunal anastomosis in laparoscopic total radical gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 85 patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction who were admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019 were collected. There were 65 males and 20 females, aged (58±10)years, with a range of 36 to 84 years. Of the 85 patients, 46 patients undergoing laparoscopic total gastrectomy+ D 2 lymphadenectomy+ semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis were allocated into semi-end-to-end anastomosis group, and 39 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy+ D 2 lymphadenectomy+ side-to-side esophagojejunal anastomosis were allocated into side-to-side anastomosis group. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was performed by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect the survival, anastomotic stenosis and tumor recurrence at postoperative one year up to January 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ranked data was analyzed using the nonparametric rank sum test. Results:(1) Surgical situations: patients of two groups successfully underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy with D 2 lymph node dissection, without conversion to open surgery or perioperative death. The proximal length between tumor and surgical margin, time of esophagojejunal anastomosis, length of auxiliary incision were (2.3±0.9)cm, (32±3)minutes, (7.5±1.6)cm for the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group, respectively, versus (1.6±1.0)cm, (42±5)minutes, (4.8±1.2)cm for the side-to-side anastomosis group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( t=3.334, 10.177, 8.734, P<0.05). During the esophageal jejunal anastomosis, one patient in the side-to-side anastomosis group had proximal jejunum punctured by a linear cutting stapler resulting in jejunal rupture. The ruptured segment of jejunum was resected and the mesojejunum was freed to perform side-to-side anastomosis. (2) Postoperative situations: there was 1 and 7 patients with postoperative anastomotic bleeding in the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group, respectively, showing a significant difference ( χ2=4.449, P<0.05). Patients with postoperative anastomotic bleeding in the semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group were cured after conservative treatment including blood transfusion and endoscopic hemostasis. One patient with esophagojejunal fistula in the side-to-side anastomosis group was cured after conservative treatment including puncture drainage and anti-infective treatment. Two patients with duodenal stump fistula in side-to-side anastomosis group were cured by anti-infection, puncture drainage and nutritional support. Eight patients with pulmonary infection (5 cases in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and 3 cases in side-to-side anastomosis group) were cured by anti-infection, atomization and expectorant therapy. Three patients with abdominal infection (2 cases in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and 1 case in side-to-side anastomosis group) were cured by anti-infection and abdominal puncture drainage. One case with incisional infection in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group was cured by dressing change and anti-infective treatment. (3) Follow-up: all the 85 patients were followed up for 1 year. During the follow-up, 3 and 2 patients died in semi-end-to-end anastomosis group and side-to-side anastomosis group, 0 and 2 patients had anastomotic stricture. There was no anastomotic recurrence. Conclusion:In laparoscopic total gastrectomy of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, semi-end-to-end esophagojejunal anastomosis has the advantages of higher proximal surgical magin from the tumor, shorter anastomosis time, less postoperative anastomotic bleeding, while side-to-side anastomosis anastomosis has shorter length of auxiliary incision.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 972-976, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796951

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the role of virtual gastroscopy simulator in the examination of clinical practice skills of gastrointestinal specialists.@*Methods@#A multi-center empirical study was carried out. In June 2018, ninety participants from three tertiary care teaching hospitals in China, including Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Tongji Hospital and Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, took part in the examination. Participants were selected as follows: 30 specialists without any experience of gastroscopy exams, 30 with basic knowledge (gastroscopy exams <500 cases) and 30 with good skill (gastroscopy exams ≥500 cases). These 90 students participated in this empirical study after theoretical study and simulator training. Among them, 50 (55.6%) were undergraduates, 25 (27.8%) masters, and 15 (16.7%) doctors; 42 (46.7%) were residents, 39 (43.3%) attending physicians, and 9 (10.0%) deputy chief physicians. The assessment was divided into two parts. The first part was to use the simulator (GI mentor II) for ballooning within 10 minutes, with a total score of 40 points. The second part was a complete gastroscopy exam on the simulator, including preparation before gastroscopy exam, gastroscopy exam, post - exam management and related knowledge quiz. The difficulty and discrimination of the assessment plan were evaluated by the extreme grouping method parameters (difficulty P definition: <0.3 was difficult, 0.3 to 0.7 was medium, ≥0.7 was easy; discrimination degree D definition: <0 was poor, 0 to 0.2 was medium, ≥0.2 was good), and by comparing the virtual gastroscopy assessment scores of different experience, academic, and professional title groups. The score analysis of the student group was expressed using the mastering rate (the average score divided by the total score). The data of the normal distribution was represented by (mean±SD) (range), and the data of the nonnormal distribution was represented by M (P25, P75). Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test was used for comparison between groups.@*Results@#The total score of 90 students was (82.9±10.9) (55.8 to 99.0), and the mastering rate was 82.9%. The overall difficulty of the first and the second parts were 0.78 and 0.76, respectively, and the difficulty level was easy. The overall discrimination of the first and the second parts were 0.70 and 0.67, respectively, and the discrimination was good. The stratified analysis was performed according to the professional title. The median score was 83.2 (75.5, 89.0) in the residents, 82.5 (71.7, 93.6) in the attending physicians, and 93.5 (88.5, 99.0) in the deputy chief physicians, and the difference was statistically significant (H=6.213, P=0.045). According to the stratification analysis of academic qualifications, the median score was 81.7 (73.0, 87.5) in participants with undergraduate degree, 91.0 (79.0, 95.0) in those with master degree and 88.0 (81.7, 93.5) in those with doctor degree, whose difference was statistically significant (H=9.233, P=0.010). The stratified analysis of the second part showed that the median scores of the "operational process" part of the low, medium and high basis group were 33.0 (30.5, 36.5), 34.0 (32.0, 36.0) and 37.0 (35.0, 37.5), respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (H=7.603, P=0.022). The median scores of the "operational process" section of the resident, attending physician, and deputy chief physician were 33.0 (30.5, 35.0) points, 36.0 (34.0, 37.5) points and 37.0 (37.0, 37.5) points, respectively, whose difference was statistically significant (H=18.563, P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#The virtual gastroscopy simulator can reflect the true level of gastroscopy exam skills of the students. The examination questions are moderately difficult, and there is a good discrimination of the exam.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 915-919, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824608

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of dorsal mosaic surgery with penis free flap for the treatment of anterior urethral stricture after TURP.Methods We analyzed the clinical data of the patients with anterior urethral stricture after TURP from January 2010 to December 2017 in Yan'an hospital affiliated to Kunming medical university retrospectively.The patients' age ranged from 58 to 75 years,with an average of 64.3 years.The time from TURP to the diagnosis of anterior urethral stricture was 1-12 month,with an average of 3.5 months.5 cases were urethral stricture at penis segment,11 cases were urethral stricture at the junction of penis and scrotum,and the length of the narrow urethra was 2-5 cm,with an average of 3.4cm.The average maximum uroflowmetry in preoperative was (5.3 ± 2.7) ml/s.11 cases were treated with regular urethral dilatation and the treatment durable time was more than 6 months,5 cases were treated with intraurethral incision combined with urethral dilatation (1 or 2 times).16 cases were not effective after receiving the above treatment,so that all cases were treated with dorsal mosaic surgery with penis free flap.Subarachnoid anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia,the patient took the supine position.The distal end of urethral stricture was defined by urethral dilator.Incision from the ventral side of the urethra.The length of the incision was extended 0.5 cm based on the length of urethral stricture in urethral angiography.Anatomize the left and right sides of the urethral stricture and longitudinally incision the ventral side of the urethral cavernous body.The length of the incision was extended 0.5 cm to the normal urethral mucosa.The traction line retracts the ventral urethral edge along both sides.The corresponding medial line of the dorsal urethra was incised to the tunica albuginea,and the urethral edge of the dorsal side was separated from the tunica albuginea to form an elliptical region on the tunica albuginea.According to the size of the ellipse,the full thickness of the penis flap was taken,and the size of the flap was beyond the edge of the elliptical area about 0.3 cm.The free flap was covered with the 6-0 absorbable suture on the elliptical area (the skin surface was on the inner side of the urethra),the edge of the free flap was intermittently sutured with the urethral edge of the dorsal side,Multi-needle intermittent sutured flap surface on the corpus cavernosum bed.Using a silicone catheter as the stent tube of the new urethra,the 6-0 absorbable suture closes the ventral side of the incisional urethral sponge.The multi-layered meat film was sutured to prevent leakage of urine,and the fascia and skin were sutured layer by layer.The 5-0 absorbable thread sutures the wound after the foreskin was taken.Results The operations were successfully completed.The operation time was 90-120 min,with an average of 102.3 min.The intraoperative blood loss was 10-30 ml.The symptoms of dysuria were relieved in all patients after removal of the catheter at 3 weeks postoperative.4 weeks after surgery,no signs of urethral stricture were observed in urethrography.And the maximum flow rate was > 15 ml/s in 13 cases,while 3 cases was 10-15 ml/s.The mean maximum flow rate in postoperative was [(20.4 ± 7.3) ml/s],which was significantly higher than that in preoperative (t =7.7602,P < 0.05).B-ultrasound showed 13 cases without residual urine and 3 cases of residual urine volume < 30 ml.All patients had no serious complications such as urinary fistula,urethral diverticulum and extravasation of urine.After 1 year of follow-up,1 patient was lost to follow up,and none of the remaining15 cases had urethral obstruction due to re-stricture.Conclusion Dorsal mosaic surgery with penis free flap could be an effective method and had no obvious complications for the treatment of anterior urethral stricture after TURP.

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