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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966700

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with increased risks of psychiatric sequelae. Depression, anxiety, cognitive impairments, sleep disturbance, and fatigue during and after the acute phase of COVID-19 are prevalent, long-lasting, and exerting negative consequences on well-being and imposing a huge burden on healthcare systems and society. This current review presented timely updates of clinical research findings, particularly focusing on the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the neuropsychiatric sequelae, and identified potential key targets for developing effective treatment strategies for long COVID. In addition, we introduced the Formosa Long COVID Multicenter Study (FOCuS), which aims to apply the inflammation theory to the pathogenesis and the psychosocial and nutrition treatments of post-COVID depression and anxiety.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972306

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is the final stage of heart disease caused by a variety of etiologies and has a high morbidity, mortality, and disability rate, making it a major challenge in the field of medicine. Cardiomyocytes, the most basic unit of the heart, are irreversible in nature and can be damaged or necrotic in various ways in the presence of heart failure. Myocardial cell injury is also an important cause of cardiac dysfunction and affects the prognosis and quality of life of patients. Therefore, reducing the level of myocardial cell damage and delaying the process of cell death can help patients with heart failure lessen the extent of cardiac damage and improve their prognosis, thereby lowering the incidence of death and disability and times of hospitalization. Ferroptosis is a new form of cell death that has been widely concerned in recent years, with studies confirming its occurrence in cardiac myocytes. As a modifiable form of cell death, interfering with ferroptosis can modulate the extent of injury and death in cardiac myocytes. Studies have shown that the inhibition of iron death has a protective effect on cardiomyocytes, thereby alleviating heart failure. Chinese medicine has been widely used in the clinical treatment of heart failure, and has the advantages of multiple approaches and entry points, with significant therapeutic effects, low side effects, and low medical costs. It also reduces the clinical side effects of western medicine, with good clinical results. The use of Chinese medicine to modulate ferroptosis may be a new direction for the future treatment of heart failure. This paper briefly elaborated on the mechanism of ferroptosis, investigated the role of ferroptosis in heart failure, and discussed the current status of research on ferroptosis in Chinese medicine interventions in heart failure, to provide references for further improving the efficacy of Chinese medicine in the treatment of heart failure.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 136-148, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the primary cause of anovulatory infertility, bringing serious harm to women's physical and mental health. Acupuncture may be an effective treatment for PCOS. However, systematic reviews (SRs) on the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for PCOS have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been adequately assessed.@*OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for PCOS, as well as to assess the quality and risks of bias of the available SRs.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#Nine electronic databases (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and China Biology Medicine disc) were searched from their establishment to July 27, 2022. Based on the principle of combining subject words with text words, the search strategy was constructed around search terms for "acupuncture," "polycystic ovary syndrome," and "systematic review."@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs of randomized controlled trials that explored the efficacy and (or) safety of acupuncture for treating patients with PCOS were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted study data according to a predesigned form. Tools for evaluating the methodological quality, risk of bias, reporting quality, and confidence in study outcomes, including A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2), Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS), Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A), and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), were used to score the included SRs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 885 studies were retrieved, and 11 eligible SRs were finally included in this review. The methodological quality of 2 SRs (18.18%) was low, while the other 9 SRs (81.82%) were scored as extremely low. Four SRs (36.36%) were considered to be of low risk of bias. As for reporting quality, the reporting completeness of 9 SRs (81.82%) was more than 70%. Concerning the confidence in study results, 2 study results were considered to have a high quality of evidence (3.13%), 14 (21.88%) a "moderate" quality, 28 (43.75%) a "low" quality, and 20 (31.24%) considered a "very low" quality. Descriptive analyses suggested that combining acupuncture with other medicines can effectively improve the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and ovulation rate, and reduce luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone ratio, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and body mass index (BMI). When compared with medicine alone, acupuncture alone also can improve CPR. Further, when compared with no intervention, acupuncture had a better effect in promoting the recovery of menstrual cycle and reducing BMI. Acupuncture was reported to cause no adverse events or some adverse events without serious harm.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy and safety of acupuncture for PCOS remains uncertain due to the limitations and inconsistencies of current evidence. More high-quality studies are needed to support the use of acupuncture in PCOS.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/etiology , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Infertility, Female/etiology , China
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 671-677, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the histological features and clinical manifestations in different types of cardiac amyloidosis to improve diagnostic accuracy. Methods: The histopathological features and clinical manifestations of 48 patients diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis by Congo red stain and electron microscopy through endomyocardial biopsy were collected in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2018 to December 2021. Immunohistochemical stains for immunoglobulin light chains (κ and λ) and transthyretin protein were carried out, and a review of literature was made. Results: The patients age ranged from 42 to 79 years (mean 56 years) and the male to female ratio was 1.1 to 1.0. The positive rate of endomyocardial biopsy was 97.9% (47/48), which was significantly higher than that of the abdominal wall fat (7/17). Congo red staining and electron microscopy were positive in 97.9% (47/48) and 93.5% (43/46), respectively. Immunohistochemical stains showed 32 cases (68.1%) were light chain type (AL-CA), including 31 cases of AL-λ type and 1 case of AL-κ type; 9 cases (19.1%) were transthyretin protein type (ATTR-CA); and 6 cases (12.8%) were not classified. There was no significant difference in the deposition pattern of amyloid between different types (P>0.05). Clinical data showed that ATTR-CA patients had less involvement of 2 or more organs and lower N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) than the other type patients (P<0.05). The left ventricular stroke volume and right ventricular ejection fraction of ATTR-CA patients were better than the other patients (P<0.05). Follow-up data of 45 patients was obtained, and the overall mean survival time was 15.6±2.0 months. Univariate survival analysis showed that ATTR-CA patients had a better prognosis, while cardiac amyloidosis patients with higher cardiac function grade, NT-proBNP >6 000 ng/L, and troponin T >70 ng/L had a worse prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate survival analysis showed that NT-proBNP and cardiac function grade were independent prognostic factors for cardiac amyloidosis patients. Conclusions: AL-λ is the most common type of cardiac amyloidosis in this group. Congo red staining combined with electron microscopy can significantly improve the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis. The clinical manifestations and prognosis of each type are different and can be classified based on immunostaining profile. However, there are still a few cases that cannot be typed; hence mass spectrometry is recommended if feasible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prealbumin/metabolism , Stroke Volume , Cardiomyopathies/pathology , Congo Red , Ventricular Function, Right , Amyloidosis/pathology , Prognosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 912-916, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the population size of transgender women (TGW) in Tianjin and analyze the characteristics of their sexual behaviors to provide a basis for AIDS prevention and control. Methods: To estimate the population size of TGW in Tianjin using the capture-recapture method. At the same time, an anonymous questionnaire was collected to conduct a multi-factor logistic analysis of the TGW population's sexual behavior. Results: A total of 213 TGW were investigated. Tianjin's estimated TGW population size was 599 (95%CI: 407-792). Multivariate logistic analysis of the use of condoms consistently showed that compared with TGW without regular sex partners, those with regular sex partners had a lower proportion of consistent condom use (aOR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.23-0.82) and had received HIV tests in the last year were more likely to adhere to condom use than those who had not been tested (aOR=2.73, 95%CI: 1.06-6.99). Conclusion: It is necessary to strengthen HIV mobilization testing among the TGW population and their regular sexual partners to improve condom use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Population Density , Transgender Persons , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , HIV Infections/prevention & control
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 598-606, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985533

ABSTRACT

Objective: Based on a cohort and intervention study of the Eastern Chinese Student Surveillance, Cohort and Intervention Study (ES-SCI), this research aims to explore the correlation between monitor of the school environment and longitudinal data on myopia and provide evidence for the government myopia intervention strategy. Methods: This survey adopts the stratified cluster sampling method with the school as the unit. Students from grade 1 to grade 3 were selected according to the whole class to monitor the school environment in the classroom. Students will use the full-automatic computer optometer (TOPCON RM800) to conduct optometry from 2019 to 2021 under the condition of mydriasis to perform refractive eye examinations. Meantime eye axis length monitoring was also conducted. Cox proportional risk regression model was used to explore the relationship between school environmental monitoring and the occurrence and development of students' myopia. Results: From 2019 to 2021, 2 670 students from 77 classrooms participated in the observation study. The students' diopter after right/left eye mydriasis decreased in varying degrees (P<0.001), and the axial length of the right/left eye increased in various degrees (P<0.001). The weighted qualified rate of per capita area of primary school classrooms increased from 18.0% in 2019 to 26.0% in 2021, the weighted average illuminance pass rate of blackboard surface increased from 23.8% in 2019 to 26.4% in 2021, and the weighted average illuminance pass rate of classroom table decreased from 86.7% in 2019 to 77.5% in 2021. The trend chi-square test was significant (P<0.05). Cox proportional risk regression showed that after correcting for the grade, gender, parental myopia, diet, sleep, near work (sitting posture, working time, electronic mobile equipment, eye exercises), and outdoor activities, the per capita area of 1.36- m2 was the protective factor of eye axis length (HR=0.778, 95%CI: 0.659-0.918, P=0.003); The average reflection ratio of blackboard 0.15-0.19 was the protective factor of eye axis length (HR=0.685, 95%CI: 0.592-0.793, P<0.001); The average illumination of the blackboard 150-, 300-, 500- lx was the protective factor of the eye axis length (HR=0.456, 95%CI: 0.534-0.761, P<0.001; HR=0.794, 95%CI: 0.705-0.895, P<0.001; HR=0.690, 95%CI: 0.619-0.768, P<0.001). The blackboard evenness 0.40-0.59 was the risk factor of eye axis length (HR=1.528, 95%CI: 1.018-2.293, P=0.041), and the blackboard evenness 0.80- was the protection factor of eye axis length (HR=0.542, 95%CI: 0.404-0.726, P<0.001). The evenness of the desktop 0.40-0.59 was the protective factor of eye axis length (HR=0.820, 95%CI: 0.698-0.965, P=0.017). The average illuminance of 150-, 300-, 500- lx was the protective factor of a diopter (HR=0.638, 95%CI: 0.534-0.761, P<0.001; HR=0.911, 95%CI: 0.848-0.978, P=0.011; HR=0.750, 95%CI: 0.702-0.801, P<0.001). The average illumination of desktop 500- lx was a protective factor of a diopter (HR=0.855, 95%CI: 0.763-0.958, P=0.007). Conclusion: School environmental monitoring indicators, such as meeting per capita area standards, passing blackboard, and desk top-related indicators, all play protective effects on myopia development in students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mydriasis , Myopia/prevention & control , Refraction, Ocular , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Schools
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981481

ABSTRACT

The flavonoids in Panax notoginseng were qualitatively analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and the content of three main flavonoids in P. notoginseng of different specifications and grades collected from different habitats was determined by HPLC-DAD. Flavonoids and anthocyanins were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS in the positive and negative ion modes, respectively. Twelve flavonoid glycosides and one anthocyanin glycoside in P. notoginseng were identified, but no flavonoid aglycones were detected. Among them, 12 compounds were identified in the underground part of P. notoginseng for the first time and eight compounds were first reported in this plant. Moreover, six and four compounds were identified in the Panax genus and the Araliaceae family for the first time, respectively. A method for simultaneous determination of three flavonoids in P. notoginseng was established by HPLC-DAD. The content of flavonoids in 721 P. notoginseng samples of 124 specifications and grades collected from 20 different habitats was simultaneously determined. Among three flavonoids determined, the content of quercetin-3-O-(2″-β-D-xylosyl)-β-D-galactoside was the highest with the average content in the tested samples of 161.0 μg·g~(-1). The content of compounds quercetin-3-O-hexosyl-hexoside and kaempferol-3-O-pentosyl-hexoside was relatively low, with the average content of 18.5 μg·g~(-1)(calculated as quercetin-3-O-sophoroside) and 49.4 μg·g~(-1)(calculated as kaempferol-3-O-sangbu diglycoside). There were significant differences in flavonoids content of samples from different production area. The content of flavonoids in spring P. notoginseng was significantly lower than that in winter P. notoginseng when the other influencing factors such as production areas, germplasm resources, and cultivation conditions were fixed. As for P. notoginseng of different specifications, the flavonoid content in the part connecting the taproot and the aboveground stem was significantly higher than that in other parts. The results of large-scale data showed that the flavonoid content gradually increased with the increase in the number of heads. There were significant differences between the flavonoid content in most specifications and grades, especially the 20-head P. notoginseng and countless head P. notoginseng, whose content was significantly lower and significantly higher than that of other specifications and grades, respectively. This study provides a scientific basis for the study of the effective components and quality control of P. notoginseng from the perspective of flavonoids.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/analysis , Anthocyanins/analysis , Quercetin , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Kaempferols , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Glycosides
8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 699-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994884

ABSTRACT

A case of IgG4-related hypertrophic pachymeningitis was reported. The patient was an elderly female, with the course of disease more than 8 years. Clinical manifestations included recurrent headache, vision and hearing loss, exophthalmos and thyroid dysfunction. Finally, she was diagnosed as IgG4-related disease and IgG4-related hypertrophic pachymeningitis by PET-CT and dural biopsy. After treatment with methylprednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil, the patient′s clinical symptoms improved.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 12-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of frailty syndrome on activities of daily living and its associated risk for adverse outcomes among elderly residents in China.Methods:Using open data from "China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey", the 2011 baseline survey was conducted on general information, health risk factors, chronic disease, data obtained from various ability assessments and Fried frailty criteria assessments for community elderly aged 60 years and over.The follow-up data were used to analyze the adverse outcomes of frailty syndrome using a covariation-adjusted Logistic regression model.Results:Among the 5 630 people in the baseline population, 34.9%(1 963/5 630 cases)were non-frailty, 57.4%(3 236 cases)were pre-frailty, and 7.7%(431 cases)were frailty.The frailty group had higher rates of falls, hip fractures, hospitalizations, and death than the pre-frail and non-frail groups at the 3rd, 5th, and 8th years of follow-up.At follow up to 2015, the covariate-adjusted analysis of the study population showed that as compared with the non-frail group, the frail group had increased risks of falling( OR=1.738, 95% CI: 1.292-2.338, P<0.001), increased risks of hip fracture( OR=2.672, 95% CI: 1.365-5.233, P=0.004), increased risks of hospitalization( OR=1.670, 95% CI: 1.224-2.277, P=0.001), increased risk of death( OR=1.599, 95% CI: 1.256-2.035, P<0.001), increased risks of declined upper limb activity( OR=2.769, 95% CI: 2.101-3.650, P<0.001), of declined instrumental activity of daily living( OR=2.567, 95% CI: 1.941-3.395, P<0.001), and of declined basic activities of daily living( OR=2.790, 95% CI: 2.110-3.689, P<0.001). Conclusions:Frailty syndrome increases the risk of decreased ability to live, falls, hip fractures, hospitalization and death in older adults.Frailty screening is an effective tool for predicting the risk of adverse outcomes in elderly community populations.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and validate a prognosis prediction model of gall bladder cancer after surgery based on the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 161 patients with gallbladder cancer undergoing radical surgery in the First Hospital of Jiaxing between March 2011 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 44 males and 117 females, aged (65±9) years old. The patients were grouped by the levels of ALBI score. The survival data were obtained through telephone or outpatient review. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox regression analysis model. The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to compare the prognostic value of the scoring system. A nomogram based on ALBI grade was established and its predictive performance was evaluated.Results:The 1, 3, 5 years overall survival (OS) rates of patients with gallbladder cancer were 76.7%, 52.5%, and 41.9%, respectively. The time-dependent ROC curves revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) values of ALBI grade were 0.659, 0.597 and 0.599 for 1, 2 and 3 years, showing a good prognostic performance. Multivariate regression analysis showed that poorer tumor differentiation ( HR=2.890, 95% CI: 1.816-4.600, P<0.001), TNM Ⅲ/Ⅳ stage ( HR=2.832, 95% CI: 1.781-4.503, P<0.001), ALBI grade 2 ( HR=1.595, 95% CI: 1.017-2.500, P=0.042), and ALBI grade 3 ( HR=3.938, 95% CI: 1.375-11.278, P=0.011) were independent risk factors for OS. The nomogram established with the independent risk factors such as ALBI grade showed a good predictive value for OS. The ROC curve results showed that the AUC values for 1, 3 and 5 years were 0.796, 0.806 and 0.799, respectively. The calibration plots and clinical decision curve analysis (DCA) showed the clinical feasibility of this nomogram. Conclusion:The nomogram model based on ALBI grading has a good predictive value for gallbladder cancer after surgery, which could guide the prognosis and individualized treatment decision-making.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992968

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of artificial intelligence (AI) system based on deep learning in evaluating bone age of children with abnormal growth and development.Methods:The positive X-ray films of the left wrist of children with abnormal growth and development who were treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. A total of 717 children were collected, including 266 males and 451 females, aged 2-18 (11±3) years. Based on Tanner Whitehouse 3 (TW 3)-RUS (radius, ulna, short bone) and TW3-Carpal (carpal bone) method, bone age was measured by 3 senior radiologists, and the mean value was taken as reference standard. The bone ages were independently evaluated by the AI system (Dr.Wise bone age prediction software) and two junior radiologists (physicians 1 and 2). The accuracy within 0.5 year, the accuracy within 1 year, the mean absolute error (MAE) and the root mean square error (RMSE) between the evaluation results and the reference standard were analyzed. Paired sample t-test was used to compare MAE between AI system and junior physicians. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency between AI system, junior physician and reference standard. The Bland-Altman diagram was drawn and the 95% consistency limit was calculated between AI system and reference standard. Results:For TW3-RUS bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 75.3% (540/717), 62.1% (445/717) and 66.2% (475/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.9% (695/717), 86.3% (619/717) and 89.1% (639/717), respectively. MAE was 0.360, 0.565 and 0.496 years, and RMSE was 0.469, 0.634 and 0.572 years, respectively. For TW3-Carpal bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 80.9% (580/717), 65.1% (467/717) and 71.7% (514/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.0% (688/717), 87.3% (626/717) and 90.4% (648/717), respectively. MAE was 0.330, 0.527 and 0.455 years, and RMSE was 0.458, 0.612, 0.538 years, respectively. Based on TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age, the MAE of AI system were lower than those of physician 1 and physician 2, and the differences were statistically significant ( P all<0.001). The evaluation results of AI, physician 1 and physician 2 were in good agreement with the reference standard (ICC all>0.950). The Bland-Altman analysis showed that the 95% agreement limits of AI system for assessing TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age were -0.75-1.02 years and-0.86-0.91 years, respectively. Conclusion:The accuracy of AI system in evaluating the bone age of children with abnormal growth and development is close to that of senior doctors, better than that of junior doctors, and in good agreement with senior doctors.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 130-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992480

ABSTRACT

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a serious acute complication of diabetes mellitus, mainly manifests as hyperglycemia, ketosis, and acidosis. It is a metabolic syndrome resulting from insulin deficiency and increased insulin-antagonistic hormone levels. While type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated by DKA is relatively uncommon, secondary pneumomediastinum in DKA is extremely rare. Following alveolar rupture, air can travel through various routes to reach the hilum, causing anterior, middle, or posterior pneumomediastinum or even leading to intracranial epidural pneumatosis. The diagnosis of pneumomediastinum is mainly dependent on chest computed tomography findings. After the successful treatment of DKA, pneumomediastinum usually resolves spontaneously within 5-10 days with a good prognosis. One DKA patient admitted to Dege County People's Hospital developed Kussmaul respirations, followed by an increase in intra-alveolar pressure, an elevation in intra and extra-alveolar pressure difference, and protein decomposition in the alveolus wall, which promoted alveolar rupture and induced mediastinal emphysema. After rapid fluid replacement, blood glucose control with insulin, and maintenance of acid-base balance (correction DKA), the mediastinal emphysema was spontaneously absorbed. Through the analysis of the clinical data of this case, the purpose is to improve the clinicians' internal understanding of the relationship between mediastinal emphysema and DKA, avoid over-examination and over-treatment, and provide strategies for correct diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991706

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed death 1 (PD-1) in colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis.Methods:A total of 134 patients with colorectal cancer who received treatment in Xuancheng People's Hospital during 2014-2021 were included in this study. These patients consisted of 74 patients with colorectal cancer combined with schistosomiasis (patient group) and 60 patients with only colorectal cancer (control group). The expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 in colorectal cancer tissue was detected by an immunohistochemical method. The differences in PD-L1 and PD-1 expression were compared between the two groups. The relationships between PD-L1 and PD-1 expression and clinical pathological characteristics were determined.Results:The positive expression rates of PD-L1 and PD-1 in cancer cells and interstitial lymphocytes were 55.4% and 60.8% respectively in the patient group and they were 35.0% and 40.0% respectively in the control group. The positive expression rates of PD-L1 and PD-1 were significantly higher in the patient group than the control group ( χ2 = 5.55, 5.74, both P < 0.05). The expressions of PD-L1 and PD-1 in the patient group were correlated with lymph node metastasis and high tumor-node-metastasis stage ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:PD-L1 and PD-1 are highly expressed in colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis and are related to their invasive behavior. PD-1/PD-L1 singaling pathway may be involved in the molecular mechanism underlying the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis. Blocking PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway may be a new strategy for immunotherapy of colorectal cancer complicated by schistosomiasis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the critical thinking ability of interns in nephrology department based on electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method.Methods:In the control group, the traditional clinical teaching method was adopted. Each kidney disease unit was divided into 3 courses. ①The clinical practice teacher dictated or demonstrated his/her experience to the student in the first class. ②Students could exchange questions and answers in the second class. ③In the third class, according to the homework situation, the teacher presided over the discussion, guided the students to express their difficulties and help them solve the problems. The research group adopted the electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method: ①Grouping: the students were divided into groups, 6 to 8 people in each group, a total of 16 groups. ②Preparation: each group established a WeChat group, and teachers guided them download the Mindmanager software and learn its mapping method. ③In class: each kidney disease unit was divided into 3 sessions. In the first class, based on what the instructor taught, the students summarized the contents and drew a mind map, and then explain their understanding according to the map. In the second class, "Spot" in the group was conducted based on standards, reading each other in the group, actively discussing with each other, further improving and reconstructing the core knowledge points of the chapter, and encouraging each student to actively participate in enhancing their subjective initiative in learning. In the third class, teachers evaluated students according to their learning situation, and students filled in the gaps according to their opinions, perfected their mind maps, and finally posted to the WeChat group. ④Review: the final versions were sent to the WeChat groups as review materials, which was convenient for learning together. SPSS 24.0 was used for Chi-square test.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups before study ( P>0.005). After the research, the scores of theory test ( t=2.52, P=0.015), clinical skill test ( t=2.22, P=0.034) and total score ( t=3.53, P=0.003) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the scores of critical thinking ability between the two groups before research ( P>0.05). Six months after research, the total scores of critical thinking ability in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The introduction of electronic "Spot" mind mapping teaching method into clinical practice teaching can realize the cross-linking of related knowledge points and systematize the knowledge. At the same time, it is interesting and can stimulate students' learning interest, and is helpful to cultivate the clinical critical thinking ability of students.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991130

ABSTRACT

The reversible and precise temporal and spatial regulation of histone lysine methyltransferases(KMTs)is essential for epigenome homeostasis.The dysregulation of KMTs is associated with tumor initiation,metastasis,chemoresistance,invasiveness,and the immune microenvironment.Therapeutically,their promising effects are being evaluated in diversified preclinical and clinical trials,demonstrating encouraging outcomes in multiple malignancies.In this review,we have updated recent understandings of KMTs'functions and the development of their targeted inhibitors.First,we provide an updated overview of the regulatory roles of several KMT activities in oncogenesis,tumor suppression,and im-mune regulation.In addition,we summarize the current targeting strategies in different cancer types and multiple ongoing clinical trials of combination therapies with KMT inhibitors.In summary,we endeavor to depict the regulation of KMT-mediated epigenetic landscape and provide potential epigenetic targets in the treatment of cancers.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic value of Michigan nerve screening Scale (MNSI), pain, touch and temperature detection combined with vibratory perception threshold (VPT) in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).Methods:A total of 500 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who received inpatient treatment in Xinhua Hospital Chongming Branch Affiliated of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January to December 2018 were selected. Sixty four patients with DPN were enrolled in the DPN group, and the remaining 436 patients were enrolled in the no-DPN group. The clinical data and the results of MNSI scale, pain, touch and temperature detection thresholds and VPT of the two groups were compared. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the clinical value of single and combined examination indicators in the diagnosis of DPN.Results:MNSI symptom questionnaire score and MNSI physical examination score in DPN group were higher than those in no-DPN group: (3.00 ± 1.35) scores vs. (1.69 ± 0.52) scores, (1.57 ± 0.50) scores vs. (1.01 ± 0.24) scores; the proportion of touch regression, pain regression and temperature regression was significantly higher than that in no-DPN group; and the levels of VPT in the DPN group was higher than that in the no-DPN group: (26.34 ± 5.03) V vs. (17.97 ± 6.82) V, there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). When the single index was diagnosed, the area under the curve (AUC) value of VPT was the highest (0.825), and significantly higher than the pain, touch and temperature detection ( P<0.01). The AUC value of VPT + MNSI in combined diagnosis was the highest (0.738), and the sensitivity and specificity of DPN diagnosis were 51.56% and 96.10%, respectively. Conclusions:Compared with MNSI scale score, sensory detection such as pain, touch and temperature, VPT has the best diagnostic efficiency for DPN, while combined with MNSI, the specificity can be further improved, but the sensitivity decreases, which is worthy of clinical attention.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971264

ABSTRACT

Locally advanced tumor with involvement of surrounding tissues and organs is a common situation in pelvic malignancies. Up to 10% of newly diagnosed rectal cancer cases infiltrate to adjacent tissues and organs. Satisfactory resection margins obtained by pelvic exenteration can achieve a 5-year survival rate similar to cases that without adjacent tissue invasion. The 5-year survival rate of patients with locally recurrent pelvic malignancies is almost zero if they are treated only with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. To obtain negative margins through pelvic exenteration is the only chance for a long-term survival of these patients. However, pelvic exenteration is a complicated procedure with higher morbidity and mortality. The development of fascia anatomy enables surgeons to have a deeper understanding and comprehensive application of pelvic fasciae. Meanwhile, the improvement of laparoscopic technology provides a clearer view for surgeons and enables the application of minimally invasive techniques in complex pelvic exenteration. The fascial space priority approach is based on the fascia anatomy of pelvis and giving priority to the separation of the pelvic avascular fascial spaces, which provides a reproducible surgical approach for complex pelvic exenteration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Pelvic Neoplasms , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Pelvis/pathology , Retrospective Studies
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 152-157, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971026

ABSTRACT

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) deletion is among the most common mutations in prostate cancer (PCa), but its role remains unclear. In this study, RNA sequencing was conducted in PCa cells after clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-based CHD1 knockout. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated upregulation of hypoxia-related pathways. A subsequent study confirmed that CHD1 deletion significantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. Mechanistic investigation revealed that CHD1 deletion upregulated HIF1α by transcriptionally downregulating prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2), a prolyl hydroxylase catalyzing the hydroxylation of HIF1α and thus promoting its degradation by the E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL). Functional analysis showed that CHD1 deletion promoted angiogenesis and glycolysis, possibly through HIF1α target genes. Taken together, these findings indicate that CHD1 deletion enhances HIF1α expression through PHD2 downregulation and therefore promotes angiogenesis and metabolic reprogramming in PCa.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Hypoxia , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Glycolysis , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Helicases/metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970639

ABSTRACT

This study employed bibliometrics tools to review the studies of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment of Alzheimer's disease(AD) in recent ten years, aiming to explore the research status, hotspots, and future trends in this field at home and abroad. The relevant literature published from January 1, 2012 to August 15, 2022 was retrieved from Web of Science and CNKI. CiteSpace 6.1R2 and VOSviewer 1.6.15 were used for the visual analysis of authors, countries, institutions, keywords, journals, etc. A total of 2 254 Chinese articles and 545 English articles were included. The annual number of articles published showed a rising trend with fluctuations. The country with the largest number of relevant articles published and the largest centrality was China. SUN Guo-jie and WANG Qi were the authors publishing the most Chinese articles and English articles, respectively. Hubei University of Chinese Medicine and Beijing University of Chinese Medicine published the most articles in Chinese and English, respectively. Journal of Ethnopharmacology and Neuroscience Letters published the articles with the highest cited frequency and the highest centrality. According to the keywords, the research on TCM treatment of AD mainly focused on the mechanism of action and treatment methods. Metabolomics, intestinal flora, oxidative stress, tau hyperphosphorylation, β-amyloid(Aβ), inflammatory cytokines, and autophagy were the focuses of the research on mechanism of action. Acupuncture, clinical effect, kidney deficiency and phlegm stasis, and dredging governor vessel to revitalize mind were the hotspots of clinical research. This research field is still in the stage of exploration and development. Exchanges and cooperation among institutions should be encouraged to carry out more high-quality basic research on TCM treatment of AD, obtain high-level evidence, and clarify the pathogenesis and prescription mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine , Amyloid beta-Peptides
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969871

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between extracellular enzymes activity and virulence of Candida glabrata clinical isolates based on the infection model of Galleria mellonella larvae. Methods: Using experimental research methods, 71 strains of non-repetitive Candida glabrata were collected from Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital from June 2021 to January 2022. Bovine serum protein agar medium, egg yolk agar medium, sheep blood agar medium, Tween-80 agar medium and triglyceride agar medium were used to detect the aspartyl protease activity, phospholipase activity, hemolysis activity, esterase activity and lipase activity of Candida glabrata. Median lethal concentration (LC50) was calculated by using 1.25×108 CFU/ml,2.50×108 CFU/ml,3.75×108 CFU/ml,5.00×108 CFU/ml suspension of Candida glabrata ATCC2001 to infect Galleria mellonella larvae. Histopathological and etiological analysis was performed to determine whether the infection model was successfully established. The clinical isolates of Candida glabrata were configured to infect Galleria mellonella larvae with LC50 concentration to detect the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae.Spearman test or Pearson test were used to analyze the correlation between the extracellular enzyme activity of Candida glabrata clinical isolates and the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae. Results: 71 strains of Candida glabrata isolated clinically were detected to have low hemolytic activity after 2 days of culture. Aspartyl protease was detected after 4 days of culture, among which 7 strains (9.86%), 19 strains (26.76%) and 45 strains (63.38%) showed low, medium and high aspartyl protease activity. After 7 days of culture, 71 strains did not detect phospholipase, esterase and lipase activities. Candida glabrata on Galleria mellonella larvae of LC50=2.5×108 CFU/ml Fungal spore were found in the intestinal tissue pathological section of Galleria mellonella larvae in the experimental group, and Candida glabrata was identified by the microbial Mass Spectrometry after culture, while no fungi were found in the pathological section and culture of the control group. Spearman test shows that, there was a linear positive correlation between aspartyl protease activity and the survival rate of Galleria mellonella larvae (r = 0.73, P<0.01), the difference was statistically significant.Pearson test shows that, there was no significant linear relationship between hemolytic activity and survival rate of Galleria mellonella larvae (r = 0.16, P = 0.34), the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The clinical isolates of Candida glabrata in this study had aspartyl protease activity and low hemolytic activity, but no phospholipase, esterase and lipase activity. The activity of aspartyl aspartyl protease of Candida glabrata was positively correlated with the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep , Larva/microbiology , Virulence , Candida glabrata , Agar , Moths/microbiology , Esterases , Aspartic Acid Proteases , Lipase
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