Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 836
Filter
1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 147-153, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928543

ABSTRACT

Individualized treatment of prostate cancer depends on an accurate stratification of patients who are sensitive to various treatments. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) was reported to play a significant role in prostate cancer. Here, we aimed to explore the clinical value of IL-23-secreting (IL-23+) cells in prostate cancer patients. We evaluated interleukin-23A (IL-23A) expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas database and retrospectively enrolled 179 treatment-naïve metastatic prostate cancer patients diagnosed in our institute between June 2012 and December 2014. IL-23+ cells were stained and evaluated via immunohistochemistry. Further, survival and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted to explore the prognostic value of IL-23+ cells. We found that IL-23A expression correlated with disease progression, while IL-23+ cells were clearly stained within prostate cancer tissue. Patients with higher Gleason scores and multiple metastatic lesions tended to have more IL-23+ cell infiltration. Further analyses showed that patients with higher levels of IL-23+ cells had significantly worse overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.996, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.812-4.955; P = 0.001) and a higher risk of developing castration resistance (HR = 2.725, 95% CI: 1.865-3.981; P = 0.001). Moreover, subgroup analyses showed that when patients progressed to a castration-resistant status, the prognostic value of IL-23+ cells was observed only in patients treated with abiraterone instead of docetaxel. Therefore, we showed that high IL-23+ cell infiltration is an independent prognosticator in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. IL-23+ cell infiltration may correlate with abiraterone effectiveness in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Abiraterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Androstenes , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Interleukin-23/metabolism , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 213-218, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928528

ABSTRACT

Experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP)-induced persistent inflammatory immune response can significantly upregulate the expression of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). However, the mechanism has not yet been elucidated. Herein, we screened out the target prostate-derived inflammation cytokines (PDICs) by comparing the inflammatory cytokine levels in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) between EAP rats and their controls. After identifying the target PDIC, qualified males in initial copulatory behavior testing (CBT) were subjected to implanting tubes onto bilateral PVN. Next, they were randomly divided into four subgroups (EAP-1, EAP-2, Control-1, and Control-2). After 1-week recovery, EAP-1 rats were microinjected with the target PDIC inhibitor, Control-1 rats were microinjected with the target PDIC, while the EAP-2 and Control-2 subgroups were only treated with the same amount of artificial CSF (aCSF). Results showed that only interleukin-1β(IL-1β) had significantly increased mRNA-expression in the prostate of EAP rats compared to the controls (P < 0.001) and significantly higher protein concentrations in both the serum (P = 0.001) and CSF (P < 0.001) of the EAP groups compared to the Control groups. Therefore, IL-1β was identified as the target PDIC which crosses the blood-brain barrier, thereby influencing the central nervous system. Moreover, the EAP-1 subgroup displayed a gradually prolonged ejaculation latency (EL) in the last three CBTs (all P < 0.01) and a significantly lower expression of NMDA NR1 subunit in the PVN (P = 0.043) compared to the respective control groups after a 10-day central administration of IL-1β inhibitors. However, the Control-1 subgroup showed a gradually shortened EL (P < 0.01) and a significantly higher NR1 expression (P = 0.004) after homochronous IL-1β administration. Therefore, we identified IL-1β as the primary PDIC which shortens EL in EAP rats. However, further studies should be conducted to elucidate the specific molecular mechanisms through which IL-1β upregulates NMDA expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ejaculation/physiology , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Male , N-Methylaspartate/metabolism , Prostate/metabolism , Prostatitis/metabolism , Rats , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 50-55, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928506

ABSTRACT

The purpose of our study is to investigate the prognostic value of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression in patients with de novo metastatic castration naïve prostate cancer (mCNPC). A total of 205 patients with mCNPC at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) were retrospectively examined. Immunohistochemical staining of PTEN was performed on prostate biopsy samples of these patients. Associations among clinicopathological features, patient survival and PTEN protein expression were analyzed. PTEN loss occurred in 58 of 205 (28.3%) patients. Loss of PTEN was significantly correlated with high metastatic volume (P = 0.017). No association between PTEN expression and Gleason score was observed. Patients with PTEN loss had significantly shorter progression-free survival (PFS, P < 0.001) and overall survival (OS, P < 0.001) compared with patients with intact PTEN expression. Multivariate analysis showed that elevated alkaline phosphatase, high metastatic volume and PTEN loss were independent poor prognostic factors for PFS. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS)#8805; 2 and PTEN loss were independent poor prognostic factors for OS. The adjusted hazard ratio of PTEN loss for PFS and OS was 1.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-2.43, P = 0.008) and 1.95 (95% CI: 1.23-3.10, P = 0.005), respectively. PTEN loss was also significantly associated with shorter PFS (P = 0.025) and OS (P < 0.001) in patients with low-volume metastatic disease. Our data showed that PTEN loss is an independent predictor for shorter PFS and OS in patients with de novo mCNPC.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Humans , Male , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical results of modified medial incision in the treatment o f Pilon fracture with medial column compression and evaluate its safety.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients of Pilon fracture with medial column compressiom accepted surgical treatments in the Department of Foot and Ankle at Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2019. According to the imaging data at admission, 31 cases were diagnosed as closed Pilon fractures, and both preoperative X-ray and 3D CT scan were shown as medial column compressive fractures. All patients underwent modified medial incision with complete data, including 23 males and 8 females;ranging in age from 22 to 65 years old, with an average of (39.5±16.2) years old. All patients underwent modified medial approach combined with other approaches to expose the broken end of fracture. The time from trauma to operation ranging from 7 to 20 days, with a mean of(9.5±5.5) days. The incision and fracture healing were followed up regularly after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up with an average of(15.7±5.5) months(ranged, 13 to 25 months). Preoperative and postoperative routine X-ray and 3D CT examination showed anatomical reduction in 8 cases, and the anatomical reduction rate was 25.81%. Up to the latest follow-up, all 31 fractures had achieved bone healing, and the healing time ranged from 11 to 22 weeks, with a mean of (14.3±4.7) weeks. At the latest follow-up, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hindfoot scores ranged from 75 to 89, with a mean of 80.5±4.9, 24 patients got a good result, 7 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#The improved medial approach for Pilon fracture can directly expose the posterior medial, medial and anterior medial of the distal tibia. After reduction under direct vision, the medial compressed and collapsed articular surface are fixed. The clinical curative effect is satisfactory and the wound complications are less. It is recommended for Pilon fracture where compression of the medial articular surface is predominant.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on the anatomical differences between discoid lateral meniscus(DLM) and normal lateral meniscus (NLM), this study aims to setting up the ultrasound examination parameters to distinguish DLM and NLM and explore the diagnostic value of these parameters on DLM.@*METHODS@#According to the inclusion, exclusion and matching criteria, 66 DLM patients(DLM group) and 132 NLM patients with other knee joint diseases(NLM group), hospitalized from October 2019 to June 2020, were included in this study. There were 18 males and 48 females in the DLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (36.9±12.1) years old;36 males and 96 females in the NLM group, ranging in age from 3 to 60 years old, with a mean of (40.0±12.2) years old. Philips high frequency(3.0 to 12.0 MHz) linear array ultrasound probe was used to examine the lateral meniscus of all patients in two groups. Nine parameters including the thickness, width and the included angle of the anterior angle, body and posterior angle respectively in the lateral meniscus were measured. The included angke is formed by the chords of the upper and lower curved surfaces of the meniscus at the free edge. The independent t test was used to analyze the difference of the measured parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the cut-off value of each parameter for diagnosing DLM and the corresponding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the ROC curve(AUC).@*RESULTS@#The above 9 ultrasound measurement parameters between the DLM group and the NLM group had significant statistical differences(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis method evaluated the cut-off value and diagnostic capabilities of these nine ultrasound parameters for DLM. The results showed that the cut-off value of the included angle of anterior part, body and posterior part were 25.85°, 24.85° and 29.15 °, respectively;and the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and AUC were significantly higher than other parameters, which were 88%, 91%, 79%, 95%, 0.94;89%, 94%, 82%, 97%, 0.96; 92%, 97%, 86%, 98%, 0.97, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound diagnosis of DLM is feasible and reliable. The diagnostic ability of the included angle of the anterior part, body and posterior part in the lateral meniscus measured by ultrasound to diagnose DLM are significantly better than other ultrasound measurement parameters, and the sensitivity and specificity of those parameters are close to MRI. Therefore, ultrasound can be used as a reliable method for preliminary diagnosis of DLM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Menisci, Tibial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of proteasome inhibitor MG132 in improving osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#Total of 32 female SD rats, weighing 220 to 250 g and 8 weeks old, were selected. They were randomly divided into 4 groups(n=8). Rats of group A and group B were cut off ovaris on both sides to make model of osteoporosis, and then they were given proteasome inhibitors MG132 and dimethyl sufoxide (DMSO) respectively. Group C was a sham group and rats were given MG132. Group D was a normal group and rats were given MG132 too. The rats were killed in batches at 6 and 12 weeks after administration, and the femoral neck tissues were obtained. Relevant data were analyzed, such as pathomorphological observation, micro-CT analysis, detection of 20S proteasome activity in tissues, and expression of Wnt and β-catenin.@*RESULTS@#Morphological observation showed that the trabecular were slightly thinner, reticulated, and occasionally interrupted in group A, while the trabecular were obviously thinner and discontinuous in group B. And the trabecular were intact and arranged reticulated in group C and D. The analysis results of bone mineral density(BMD), bone surface(BS), bone volume/total volume(BV/TV) and trabecular thickness(Tb.Th) showed that group B was worse than other groups in all parameters at different time points(P<0.05), and group A was worse than group C and group D in BS(P<0.05), there was no significant difference in all parameters between group C and group D. RFU value of 20S proteasome in group B was significantly higher than that in other groups(P<0.05). According to the results of Western blot, the gray values of Wnt protein and β-catenin protein in group A were significantly higher than those in other groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MG-132, a ubiquitin proteasome inhibitor, can regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by inhibiting the degradation of β-catenin protein, and delaying the occurrence and development of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Female , Leupeptins , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928109

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the resource utilization of used fungus-growing materials produced in the cultivation of Gastrodia elata. To be specific, based on the production practice, this study investigated the recycling mechanism of used fungus-growing materials of G. elata by Phallus inpudicus. To screen edible fungi with wide adaptability, this study examined the allelopathic effects of Armillaria mellea secretions on P. impudicus and 6 kinds of large edible fungi and the activities of enzymes related to degradation of the used fungus-growing materials of G. elata. The results showed that P. impudicus can effectively degrade cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in used fungus-growing materials of G. elata. The cellulase activity of A. mellea was significantly higher than that of P. impudicus, and the activities of lignin peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, and xylanase of P. impudicus were significantly higher than those of A. mellea, which was the important reason why A. mellea and P. impudicus used different parts and components of the used fungus-growing materials to absorb carbon sources and develop ecological niche differences. The growth of P. impudicus was significantly inhibited on the used fungus-growing materials of G. elata. The secretions of A. mellea had allelopathic effects on P. impudicus and other edible fungi, and the allelopathic effects were related to the concentration of allelopathy substances. The screening result showed that the growth and development of L. edodes and A. auricular were not significantly affected by 30% of A. mellea liquid, indicating that they had high resistance to the allelopathy of A. mellea. The results showed that the activities of extracellular lignin peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, and xylanase of the two edible fungi were similar to those of P. impudicus, and the cellulase activity was higher than that of P. impudicus. This experiment can be further verified by small-scale production tests.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Ascomycota , Basidiomycota , Catechol Oxidase , Cellulases , Gastrodia
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1452-1458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924743

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of isorhyncophylline on hippocampal endogenous metabolites in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by 1H NMR metabolomics and molecular docking. Twelve SHR were randomly divided into a model group and a treatment group. Six Wistar-Kyoto rats were selected as a control group. The rats in the treatment group were administered isorhyncophylline (0.3 mg·kg-1) while the rats in the other two groups were treated with the same amount of sterilized saline solution. Animal experiment was authorized by the Ethics Committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. SDUTCM20210721002). Hippocampal tissues were removed after administration for 8 weeks and assayed by 1H NMR based metabolomics technology combined with a pattern recognition method to find characteristic metabolites, and the metabolic targets were retrieved from the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database. Molecular docking technology was used to evaluate binding of isorhyncophylline to the core targets. The results of a principal components analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) showed a clear cluster of samples among three groups. There were seven differentially altered metabolites, and glucose metabolism and glutamate metabolism were the principal related pathways. Molecular docking indicated that isorhyncophylline had good binding properties with nine key candidate target proteins. According to the above research results, isorhyncophylline can influence energy metabolism and glutamate metabolism in the hippocampus.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2177-2182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936587

ABSTRACT

For quantitative analysis of related substances in TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredient, structures of prepared impurities were confirmed by NMR and UHPLC-MS, and a high performance liquid chromatographic method was established to determine the related substances in TSD-1. The analytical column was an Agilent ZORBAX Eclipe XDB-C8 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm). The mobile phase A was 50 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution (adjusted pH to 5.8 with acetic acid) and the mobile phase B was acetonitrile. The whole run was carried out by gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The resolutions among peaks of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F were good. The calibration curves (n = 7) of TSD-1, impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D and TSD-F were linear in their respective weight ranges of 0.242-48.4 µg·mL-1 (r = 1.000 0), 0.244-9.75 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.244-4.80 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), 0.254-1.02 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9), and 0.247-0.987 µg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 9). The lower limits of quantitation were 0.244, 0.244, 0.254, and 0.247 µg·mL-1 for impurity A, impurity B, TSD-D, and TSD-F, respectively, and the average recovery of each impurity ranged from 99.08% to 103.00% with high accuracy. TSD-D and TSD-F were not detected in the three batches of TSD-1 active pharmaceutical ingredients, and impurity A and impurity B were not detected beyond the limit. The established HPLC method is simple, accurate, and suitable for determination of related substances of TSD-1, which can provide a valuable reference for the subsequent development of TSD-1.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the potential dosimetric effects of arms movement in patients with Cyberknife spine tumors.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients with thoracic and lumbar tumors were retrospectively selected respectively. The contour of the patient's arms was sketched and the CT density was modified to be equivalent to air in order to simulate the extreme case when the arm was completely removed from the radiation fields. The dose of simulated plan was re-calculated with the original beam parameters and compared with the original plan. The changes of V100, D95, and D90, conformity index (CI) and heterogeneity index (HI) in planning target volume (PTV), as well as Dmax, D1cc and D2cc in the spinal cord, stomach, esophagus, and intestines were analyzed by comparing with the original plans.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the original treatment plan, V100, D95, D90 and CI of PTV for the simulated plan was increased by 0.86%, 2.02%, 1.97% and 0.80% respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Dmax, D1cc and D2cc of spinal cord was increased by 2.35%, 0.59% and 1.49% on average, compared with the original plan, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The difference was statistically significant only in average D2cc of stomach, which was increased by 1.70%, compared with the original plan (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dose change of eso-phagus and intestine between the original and simulated plans.@*CONCLUSION@#This study analyzed the most extreme arm position in spinal tumor of radiation therapy based on Cyberknife. It was found that the change of arm position had little effect on dosimetry. In addition, with the change of arm position, the dose in PTV and organ at risk (OAR) increased, but the increase was relatively small. Therefore, in some special cases where the patient really can't keep the arm position consistent during treatment, reasonable adjustment can be accepted. However, in order to ensure accurate radiotherapy, patient position should be as stable and consistent as possible.


Subject(s)
Arm , Humans , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 157-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929191

ABSTRACT

Cancer imposes a severe threat to people's health and lives, thus pressing a huge medical and economic burden on individuals and communities. Therefore, early diagnosis of cancer is indispensable in the timely prevention and effective treatment for patients. Exosome has recently become an attractive cancer biomarker in noninvasive early diagnosis because of the unique physiology and pathology functions, which reflects remarkable information regarding the cancer microenvironment, and plays an important role in the occurrence and evolution of cancer. Meanwhile, biosensors have gained great attention for the detection of exosomes due to their superior properties, such as convenient operation, real-time readout, high sensitivity, and remarkable specificity, suggesting promising biomedical applications in the early diagnosis of cancer. In this review, the latest advances of biosensors regarding the assay of exosomes were summarized, and the superiorities of exosomes as markers for the early diagnosis of cancer were evaluated. Moreover, the recent challenges and further opportunities of developing effective biosensors for the early diagnosis of cancer were discussed.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Biosensing Techniques , Early Detection of Cancer , Exosomes/pathology , Humans , Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928901

ABSTRACT

With the deepening of China's medical reform, the scale of hospital equipment assets at all levels is also expanding. In the face of large-scale and various equipment assets, the traditional single machine statistical management method not only has a single interface, poor data accuracy and is not compatible with other systems, but also is difficult to achieve "full life cycle" management. In order to solve above problems, the Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University of Medicine aims to use the Internet of Things to build a medical equipment management information platform, realize the whole hospital area, whole subject and whole process management of medical materials, and achieve the objectives of business linkage, information connectivity and data sharing between management departments and clinical departments.


Subject(s)
China , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital , Hospitals , Humans , Information Dissemination , Information Management
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935789

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influential factors of job stress suffered by workers in railway stations, the level of job stress of were measured and subjective comfort of employees targeting to working environment were reported. Methods: In March 2019, a cluster sampling study was designed to collect the personal characteristics, job characteristics and subjective comfort degree of working environment of 432 employees in Chongqing railway stations. Meanwhile, job stress was assessed using the effort-reward imbalance scale. Chi-square test was used to compare the difference of occupational stress detection rate among different stratified factors such as occupational characteristics. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the influential factors of occupational stress. Results: The detection rate of job stress of workers in the railway stations was 31.02% (134/432) . The detection rate of job stress was higher among the divorced workers in railway stations, those earning less than 5, 000 yuan per month, those with 10-20 years' length of service, those who worked as a conductor and other workers including baggageman, station master on duty and assistant engineer (χ(2)=9.61, 14.76, 23.28, 11.06, P=0.008, 0.002, 0.000, 0.011) . The detection rate of job stress was higher among those whose working environment subjective feelings were uncomfortable, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001) . The results showed that the occupational stress of the staff in the railway stations was influenced by their subjective feeling of air quality, noise and Space Layout (P<0.05) . The risk factors of occupational stress were air quality, noise and uncomfortable space layout (OR=0.571, 0.068, 0.441, P=0.051, 0.054, 0.007) . Conductor, other (Bellboy, Duty Station Master, assistant engineer) were the risk factors of occupational stress (OR=1.884, 2.703, P=0.065, 0.019) . The employees of station A and station B were the risk factors of occupational stress (OR=4.681, 1.811, P=0.002, 0.067) . Conclusion: The higher detection rate of job stress of workers in the railway stations is correlated with the subjective comfort degree of the working environment of the workers.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 686-691, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935444

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the use of psychoactive substances and its related factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Tianjin. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in MSM recruited in Tianjin by snowball sampling from September 2017 to December 2020, the information about their social demographic information, use of psychoactive substances and behavioral characteristics were collected, meanwhile the blood samples were taken from them for HIV/syphilis detections. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore related factors about psychoactive substances use. Results: A total of 9 218 MSM were included in the study, in whom 43.5% (4 013/9 218) had ever used psychoactive substances, including 92.6% (3 718/4 013)who used Rush and 17.2% (692/4 013) who used multi substances. Multivariate analysis showed that, the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who were in Han ethnic group was 0.68 (95%CI:0.51-0.91) compared with those who were in minor ethnic group; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who were married or cohabited, divorced or widowed were 0.65 (95%CI: 0.57-0.71), 0.80 (95%CI: 0.65-0.97) respectively compared with those who were unmarried; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had the first homosexual sex at age of ≥30 years was 0.57 (95%CI: 0.44-0.74) compared with those who had the first homosexual sex at age of <30 years; the OR of psychoactive substances use in local MSM in Tianjin was 1.12 (95%CI: 1.03-1.23) compared with those who were not local residents in Tianjin; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM with education level of college or above was 1.29 (95%CI: 1.12-1.49) compared with those with education level of junior middle school or below; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had anal sex in the past six months was 1.93 (95%CI: 1.34-2.77) compared with those who had no anal sex; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had >2 homosexual partners in the last week was 1.62 (95%CI: 1.41-1.87) compared with those who had ≤2 homosexual partners; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had homosexual commercial sex in the past six months was 1.99 (95%CI: 1.62-2.45) compared with those who had no homosexual commercial sex; the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who had sexually transmitted diseases in the last year was 2.39 (95%CI: 1.82-3.12) compared with those who had no sexually transmitted diseases and the OR of psychoactive substances use in MSM who received peer education services in the last year was 1.63 (95%CI: 1.50-1.78) compared with those who received no peer education services. Conclusion: The prevalence of psychoactive substances use is high in MSM in Tianjin, and there are many influencing factors. It is necessary to conduct targeted interventions according to the influencing factors.


Subject(s)
Adult , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Work , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syphilis/epidemiology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and adverse events of induction chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy alone (IC+ RT) and induction chemotherapy combined with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (IC+ CCRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the era of intensity-modulated radiation therapy in this Meta-analysis.Methods:Retrospective or randomized controlled clinical studies published between 2010 and 2020 were searched from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The selected studies included nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with IC+ CCRT or IC+ RT. STATA 12 software was used to combine the hazard ratio (HR), risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), and random or fixed effect models were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 2483 patients from eight retrospective studies were included. The overall survival in the IC+ CCRT group was similar to that in the IC+ RT group ( HR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.58-1.04, P=0.091). However, the distant metastasis-free survival ( HR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.42-0.74, P<0.001) and progression-free survival ( HR=0.65, 95% CI: 0.54-0.77, P<0.001) were improved in the IC+ CCRT group compared with those in the IC+ RT group. In terms of adverse reactions, the acute adverse reactions in the IC+ CCRT group were increased significantly compared with those in the IC+ RT group. Conclusions:In the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the overall survival of two treatment modes is similar, but the distant metastasis-free survival and progression-free survival in the IC+ CCRT group are better than those in the IC+ RT group, whereas the incidence of adverse reactions is also increased. IC+ CCRT may be a recommended treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, but more research is needed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932578

ABSTRACT

Transuranics radionuclides are ubiquitous in the environment. Long term intake will cause internal radiation hazards, and it is also an important source of radioactive contamination to the environment in the future. In this paper, the source and migration behavior of transuranic radionuclides are reviewed, the existing problems in China are summarized, and the suggestions for future work are put forward.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients treated with radical radiotherapy and to predict the prognosis of the patients using the SII combined with clinical staging.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for 248 patients with esophageal cancer who were admitted to the Department of Radiotherapy in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between 2014 and 2016. These patients included 146 males and 102 females, with a median age of 67 years. Among them, 134 patients received concurrent chemotherapy and 114 patients received radiotherapy alone. The SII before radiotherapy was defined as platelet count × neutrophil count/lymphocyte count. The patients were divided into a low-SII group and a high-SII group according to the optimal cutoff value of pretreatment SII determined by the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve. Survival analysis was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. For these patients, the prognosis effects and the predictive value for survival of different SII levels combined with TNM staging were compared.Results:According to the ROC curves, the optimal cutoff value of SII before radiotherapy was 740.80. Based on this number, the patients were divided into a low-SII group (< 740.80, 150 cases) and a high-SII group (≥ 740.80, 98 cases). The objective response rate of the low-SII group was significantly higher than that of the high-SII group (86.0% vs 75.5%, χ2=4.39, P=0.036). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the low-SII group were 78.6%, 45.6%, and 32.3%, respectively. These rates were significantly higher than the corresponding rates of the high-SII group, which were 71.0%, 28.3%, and 16.4% ( χ2=11.22, P=0.001), respectively. Moreover, the 1-, 3- and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates of the low-SII group were 67.0%, 36.9%, and 32.0%, respectively. Again, these rates were significantly higher than those of the high-SII group, which were 45.5%, 17.5%, and 12.5% ( χ2=15.38, P < 0.001), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that TNM staging, treatment method, and SII were independent prognostic factors for OS and PFS ( HR=1.39-1.60, P<0.05). Patients with low SII and early clinical staging had a better prognosis than other subgroups ( χ2=13.68, 13.43, P=0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of SII combined with TNM staging (0.70) was higher than that of SII (0.63) and TNM staging (0.62) ( Z=2.48, 2.57, P < 0.05). Conclusions:Pretreatment SII has a high predictive value for the prognosis of esophageal cancer after radiotherapy, and higher SII indicates a worse prognosis. Thus, combining SII with TNM staging can improve the prediction accuracy of the prognosis of esophageal cancer patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929799

ABSTRACT

Interstitial lung disease(ILD)is a group of heterogeneous diseases with common features in clinic(oxygenation disorder)-imaging(diffuse lesion signs)-pathology(inflammation and fibrosis), but different etiology.The etiological spectrum of ILD in children is significantly different from that in adults, among which genetic defect play an important role.The common genetic defect is associated with pulmonary surfactant metabolism, in recent years, it has been found that the genetic defect of some lung development, immune/autoinflammation, metabolism also can lead to ILD in children.With the development of gene technology, more and more etiology will be found.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 41-47, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929528

ABSTRACT

Objective: We investigated the impact of MYC/BCL-2 protein co-expression on the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and observed whether double expression (DE) remains an independent poor prognostic factor in DLBCL after the addition of therapeutic factors such as DA-EPOCH-R, central prophylaxis, and transplantation. Methods: Available pathological findings were retrospectively collected from 223 DLBCL patients at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2015 to 2018. Seventy-five patients with high MYC/BCL-2 expression were categorized as the DE group. From the 148 non-DE patients, 75 DLBCL patients were selected as the control group, using a 1∶1 matching on propensity scores for age, international prognostic index score, treatment choice, and etc. The differences in overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups were compared. Results: The 3-year OS was (69.8±5.5) % for the DE group and (77.0±4.9) % for the non-DE group (P=0.225) , while the 3-year PFS was (60.7±5.8) % and (65.3±5.5) % , respectively (P=0.390) . Subgroup analysis in patients treated with the R-CHOP regimen revealed that for the DE and non-DE patients, the 3-year OS was (61.3±7.5) % and (77.2±5.6) % (P=0.027) , and the 3-year PFS was (52.1±7.5) % and (70.6±6.0) % (P=0.040) , respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age, stage of Ann Arbor, COO staging, whether central prophylaxis was performed, and whether transplantation was performed were significant independent risk factors of the prognosis of DLBCL patients (P<0.05) . On the other hand, MYC/BCL-2 protein double expression was not significantly associated with prognostic outcomes. Conclusion: MYC/BCL-2 protein double expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis under R-CHOP regimen treatment, but the poor prognostic impact of DE on DLBCL was eliminated under intensive regimens such as DA-EPOCH-R and transplantation.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL