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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972323

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the evaluation index system for pharmacist training effectiveness in China. Methods The initial framework of index system based on Kirkpatrick evaluation model was constructed through literature research and expert interview method. Delphi method was used to analyze the index system. Results The evaluation index system for pharmacist training effectiveness in China included 4 first-level indicators, reaction evaluation, learning evaluation, behavior evaluation and result evaluation, 9 second-level indicators, training scheme, teaching staff, training conditions, theoretical knowledge, practical skills, the change of work ability, the change of professional attitude, personal income and organizational income, as well as 32 third-level indexes such as pharmaceutical professional knowledge. Conclusion This evaluation index system for pharmacist training result is highly scientific and systematic. It covers the whole-process and follow-up evaluation of the training activities. It can optimize the pharmacist training schedule and improve the program design for the effective pharmacist training evaluation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of five patients with congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (cTTP) and explore its standardized clinical diagnosis and treatment along with a review of literature. Methods: Clinical data of patients, such as age of onset, disease manifestation, personal history, family history, and misdiagnosed disease, were collected. Treatment outcomes, therapeutic effects of plasma infusion, and organ function evaluation were observed. The relationship among the clinical manifestations, treatment outcomes, and ADAMTS13 gene mutation of patients with cTTP was analyzed. Additionally, detection of ADAMTS13 activity and analysis of ADAMTS13 gene mutation were explored. Results: The age of onset of cTTP was either in childhood or adulthood except in one case, which was at the age of 1. The primary manifestations were obvious thrombocytopenia, anemia, and different degrees of nervous system involvement. Most of the patients were initially suspected of having immune thrombocytopenia. Acute cTTP was induced by pregnancy and infection in two and one case, respectively. ADAMTS13 gene mutation was detected in all cases, and there was an inherent relationship between the mutation site, clinical manifestations, and degree of organ injury. Therapeutic or prophylactic plasma transfusion was effective for treating cTTP. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of cTTP vary among individuals, resulting in frequent misdiagnosis that delays treatment. ADAMTS13 activity detection in plasma and ADAMTS13 gene mutation analysis are important bases to diagnose cTTP. Prophylactic plasma transfusion is vital to prevent the onset of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Adult , Blood Component Transfusion , Plasma , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/therapy , Mutation , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 582-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985812

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the positive rate of left posterior lymph nodes of the superior mesenteric artery (14cd-LN) in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma,to analyze the impact of 14cd-LN dissection on lymph node staging and tumor TNM staging. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 103 consecutive patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at Pancreatic Center,the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January to December 2022 were analyzed,retrospectively. There were 69 males and 34 females,with an age(M (IQR))of 63.0 (14.0) years (range:48.0 to 86.0 years). The χ2 test and Fisher's exact probability method was used for comparison of the count data between the groups,respectively. The rank sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyzes were used for the analysis of risk factors. Results: All 103 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy successfully using the left-sided uncinate process and the artery first approach. Pathological examination showed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in all cases. The location of the tumors was the pancreatic head in 40 cases,pancreatic head-uncinate in 45 cases,and pancreatic head-neck in 18 cases. Of the 103 patients,38 cases had moderately differentiated tumor and 65 cases had poorly differentiated tumor. The diameter of the lesions was 3.2 (0.8) cm (range:1.7 to 6.5 cm),the number of lymph nodes harvested was 25 (10) (range:11 to 53),and the number of positive lymph nodes was 1 (3) (range:0 to 40). The lymph node stage was stage N0 in 35 cases (34.0%),stage N1 in 43 cases (41.7%),and stage N2 in 25 cases (24.3%). TNM staging was stage ⅠA in 5 cases (4.9%),stage ⅠB in 19 cases (18.4%),stage ⅡA in 2 cases (1.9%),stage ⅡB in 38 cases (36.9%),stage Ⅲ in 38 cases (36.9%),and stage Ⅳ in 1 case (1.0%). In 103 patients with pancreatic head cancer,the overall positivity rate for 14cd-LN was 31.1% (32/103),and the positive rates for 14c-LN and 14d-LN were 21.4% (22/103) and 18.4% (19/103),respectively. 14cd-LN dissection increased the number of lymph nodes (P<0.01) and positive lymph nodes (P<0.01). As a result of the 14cd-LN dissection,the lymph node stage was changed in 6 patients,including 5 patients changed from N0 to N1 and 1 patient changed from N1 to N2. Similarly,the TNM stage was changed in 5 patients,including 2 patients changed from stage ⅠB to ⅡB,2 patients changed from stage ⅡA to ⅡB,and 1 patient changed from stage ⅡB to Ⅲ. Tumors located in the pancreatic head-uncinate (OR=3.43,95%CI:1.08 to 10.93,P=0.037) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=5.45,95%CI:1.45 to 20.44,P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 14c-LN metastasis; while tumors with diameter >3 cm (OR=3.93,95%CI:1.08 to 14.33,P=0.038) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=11.09,95%CI:2.69 to 45.80,P=0.001) were independent risk factors for 14d-LN metastasis. Conclusion: Due to its high positive rate in pancreatic head cancer,dissection of 14cd-LN during pancreaticoduodenectomy should be recommended,which can increase the number of lymph nodes harvested,provide a more accurate lymph node staging and TNM staging.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 413-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy and adverse reactions of a combination therapy regimen based on bortezomib and glucocorticoids in recurrent/refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) . Methods: Six patients with recurrent/refractory TTP were included and treated with a glucocorticoid and two courses of bortezomib-based regimen. The clinical remission status of patients, changes in ADAMTS13 activity/ADAMTS13 inhibitor, and the occurrence of treatment-related adverse reactions were observed. Results: Of the 6 patients, 2 were males and 4 were females, with a median age of 21.5 (18-68) years. Refractory TTP was found in 1 case and recurrent TTP in 5 cases. Glucocorticoids were administered with reference to prednisone at 1 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), and gradually reduced in dosage after achieving clinical remission. Bortezomib is subcutaneously administered at 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 with a 28-day treatment course consisting of 2 courses. Six patients achieved clinical remission after receiving bortezomib as the main treatment. ADMATS13 activity returned to normal in all patients with TTP after treatment, and the ADAMTS13 inhibitor turned negative. Thrombocytopenia is the most common adverse reaction after treatment, with other adverse reactions, including peripheral neuritis and abdominal pain, but ultimately all patients returned to normal. In a median follow-up of 26 (9-41) months, 5 patients maintained sustained remission, and 1 patient relapsed after 16 months of bortezomib treatment. Conclusion: Combination therapy of bortezomib and glucocorticoids has a satisfactory therapeutic effect and controllable adverse reactions for recurrent/refractory iTTP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/drug therapy , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , ADAMTS13 Protein/therapeutic use
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1205-1210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop monoclonal antibodies that can specifically recognize human von Willebrand factor (VWF) propeptide (VWFpp) in plasma, and establish a rapid and reliable method for the detection of VWFpp antigen in plasma by using the double-antibody sandwich ELISA with the obtained anti-VWFpp monoclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The recombinant human VWFpp (D1 and D2 regions) protein expressed in eukaryotic cells was used as immunogen to immunize BALB/c mice with routine method, so as to obtain clones of fusion cells. After screening and identification, hybridoma cell lines secreting monoclonal antibodies against VWFpp were selected, and then double-antibody sandwich ELISA assay was used to construct VWFpp antigen detection kit for the determination of VWFpp in human plasma. The levels of VWFpp antigen in plasma of 12 leukemia patients who underwent bone marrow transplantation were dynamically detected.@*RESULTS@#Two hybridoma cell lines that can be subcultured continuously and secrete monoclonal antibodies against VWFpp were obtained and named SZ175 and SZ176 respectively. Identified by ELISA and Western blot, the antibodies could both specifically recognize VWFpp but couldn't recognize mature VWF (without propeptide). Based on the principle of double-antibody sandwich ELISA, monoclonal antibodies SZ175 and SZ176 were successfully made into a kit for detecting VWFpp antigen. The plasma VWFpp levels of leukemia patients before and after bone marrow transplantation were dynamically detected. The results showed that the plasma VWFpp levels of the patients after transplantation were significantly higher than those before transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#Two monoclonal antibodies against VWFpp were successfully prepared, and a double-antibody sandwich ELISA detection kit for VWFpp antigen was constructed, which provides a powerful tool for further study on the biological function of VWFpp, the clinical diagnosis and classification of von Willebrand disease (VWD), and the prognostic monitoring of endothelial injury-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , von Willebrand Factor , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Protein Precursors/metabolism , von Willebrand Diseases/diagnosis , Prognosis
6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 69-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of hands-on training and video demonstration in training of forceps delivery for residents.Methods:Forty nine residents who were rotating in the obstetrics department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2019 to 2021 were enrolled. The residents were randomly divided into two groups: the instructor group ( n=24) was taught by hands-on training of forceps delivery and the video group ( n=25) was instructed by watching video demonstration. All the trainees completed the self-confidence questionnaire survey, and were evaluated by written tests and objective structured assessment of technical skills scoring system. Results:The scores of self-confidence in each item after the simulation training were higher than those before training in both groups; and there were no significant differences between two groups in the increment of scores(mastering knowledge: 1.54±0.98 vs. 1.40±0.71, U=266.68, P=0.480;mastering operation skills: 1.42±0.93 vs.1.80±0.87, U=233.47, P=0.161; mastering forceps structure: 1.63±1.10 vs. 1.88±0.93, U=261.63, P=0.416; confidence in independent operation: 1.13±0.90 vs. 1.00±1.08, U=287.74, P=0.799; evaluation of simulation training: 0.21±0.51 vs. 0.16±0.55, U=288.27, P=0.776). In the written tests, the scores of the instructor group were significantly higher than those of the video group (83.00±7.18 vs.70.56±10.37; t=4.86, P<0.001). In the practical operation, the instructor group significantly outperformed the video group in items of “right blade placement” (0.71±0.46 vs. 0.20±0.41, U=147.54, P<0.001), “objective total score” (6.17±1.46 vs. 4.72±1.65, U=155.49, P=0.003) and “correct traction” (0.85±0.31 vs. 0.56±0.51, U=213.86, P=0.036). Conclusion:Training delivered via hands-on instruction and demonstration was generally more effective than that delivered via video, although both groups show a increased self-confidence in learning and performing forceps delivery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 597-601, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of superior cervical ganglion block (SCGB) on cardiac function and nucleotide like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) signaling pathway in a rat model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).Methods:Sixty healthy SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250-300 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (sham group), myocardial I/R group (IR group), myocardial I/R + normal saline group (IR+ NS group), and myocardial I/R + SCGB group (IR+ SCGB group). Myocardial I/R model was developed by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery for 45 min followed by restoration of blood flow in anesthetized aninals. IR+ SCGB group received SCGB (0.25% ropivacaine 0.1 ml) at 10 min before reperfusion once a day for 2 consecutive weeks, while 0.9% sodium chloride was given instead of ropivacaine in IR+ NS group. Blood samples were collected at 24 h and 14 days of reperfusion for determination of serum concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), troponin T (TnT), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and IL-1β by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Echocardiography was performed before ischemia and at 14 days of reperfusion, and left ventricular short axis shortening rate (FS), ejection fraction (EF), and cardiac output (CO) were measured. The rats were sacrificed at 14 days of reperfusion and the hearts were taken for determination of the contents of norepinephrine (NE) in myocardial tissues in the infarction area (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), percentage of myocardial fibrosis area (by Masson staining), M1 macrophage marker CD68 + cell count in the infarction area (by immunohistochemical method), and expression of NLRP3 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) in myocardial tissues (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, CD68 + cell count was increased, and EF, CO and FS were decreased in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the serum concentrations of TnT, TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β, percentage of myocardial fibrosis area, and NE levels in serum and myocardial tissues were significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3 and GSDMD in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, CD68 + cell count was decreased, and EF, CO and FS were increased in IR+ SCGB group ( P<0.05), and no statistically significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in IR+ NS group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:SCGB can improve the cardiac function in a rat model of myocardial I/R, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 604-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990679

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic diseases is a kind of complex, high-risk gastrointestinal diseases. Pancreatic cancer is highly malignant and seriously endangers people′s health. Developing multi-center, large-scale real world research can better understand the incidence patterns and treatment outcomes of pancreatic diseases. Based on the multi-center and heterogeneous data, the authors for-mulate data standards for real world studies of pancreatic diseases, and build a database of pancreatic cancer, integrating and sharing data from multi-center sources, in order to fully explore the scientific research value of pancreatic cancer clinical information, and provide experience and reference for the construction of other real world research specific disease databases in the future.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1014-1019, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013775

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis is a repair response initiated by tissues and organs after injury, and is a self-protection mechanism of the body. It has been found that endothelium-to-interstitial transdifferentiation (EndMT) is involved in the physiological and pathological processes of various organ fibrosis, which has become a focus of the research on fibrotic diseases. In recent years, the study has found that EndMT plays an important role in many pathological processes in cardiovascular system, lungs, kidneys, liver, pancreas fibrosis, and so on. This article summarizes EndMT regulatory mechanism and its role in each organ fibrosis, as well as the related treatment progress of EndMT targets, so as to provide new targets for prevention and control of organ fibrosis.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1385-1392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013773

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore he preventive and therapeutic effects of Tongbu-fangchan prescription on aceylcholine-calcium chloride (Ach-CaCl

11.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 705-709, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959227

ABSTRACT

@#A UPLC-MS/MS method was established for the determination of the genotoxic impurity (R)-5-(azidomethyl)-3-[3-fluoro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxazolidinone in linezolid API and its glucose injection. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Waters Acquity UPLC HSS T3 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid water-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile (60∶40) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The UPLC-MS/MS was equipped with electrospray ionization in positive ionization mode and multiple reaction monitoring mode. The results showed that the calibration curve was linear in the range of 4-12 ng/mL and the limit of quantification was 0.073 ng/mL.The average recoveries of the low, medium and high concentration (80%,100%,120% limit concentration) loading solutions were 101.14%, 100.59% and 101.47%, respectively (RSDs:0.73%, 1.10% and 0.91%, respectively).The sample solution was stable for 6 d.No genotoxic impurity of (R)-5-(Azidomethyl)-3-[3-fluoro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxazolidinonewas not detected in the samples of linezolid API and its glucose injection.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1078-1086, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015786

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that harms human health. In spite of significant progress in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis, the prognosis for patients with colon cancer remains poor. Ubiquilin-2 (UBQLN2) is a member of the ubiquitin family, actively implicated in the degradation of misfolded and redundant proteins through the ubiquitin-proteasome system and macroautophagy. However, the role and mechanism of UBQLN2 in colon cancer are not clear. This study was designed to explore the role of UBQLN2 in colon cancer and whether the Wnt pathway is involved. IHC and Western blotting analysis showed lower UBQLN2 expression in colon cancer tissues and cells (P<0. 05), and exhibited a negative correlation of UBQLN2 expression with clinical stage and lymph node metastasis (P< 0. 05). CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry demonstrated that UBQLN2 expression could inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis (P<0. 05). Western blotting analysis reveals that suppression of UBQLN2 enhances Bcl-2 expression but inhibits Bax and Wnt signaling. Taken together, these results showed that UBQLN2 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells through suppressing the Wnt signaling pathway.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 441-448, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935619

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the outcomes of modified Appleby procedure and sub-adventitial divestment technique for locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer. Methods: A total of consecutive 58 patients(33 males and 25 females) who were diagnosed as locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer and underwent distal pancreatectomy at Pancreas Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between September 2013 and May 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The age(M(IQR)) was 62(9)years(range: 43 to 79 years). Thirty-one patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) and 27 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with sub-adventitial divestment technique(SDT). Perioperative parameters and follow-up data of these patients were analyzed. Quantitative data were compared with Wilcoxon test while categorical variables were compared with χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Survival results were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier survival method with a Log-rank test. Results: There were no differences in age,gender,body mass index,abdominal symptoms,comorbidity or preoperative serum CA19-9 between two groups(all P>0.05). Obvious preoperative weight loss was more common in the group of SDT(48.1%(13/27) vs. 19.4%(6/31),χ²=5.431,P=0.020). Longer operative time(310(123) minutes vs. 254(137)minutes, Z=2.277,P=0.023),higher rate of combined organ resection(41.9%(13/31) vs. 14.8%(4/27),χ²=5.123,P=0.041) and longer postoperative hospital stay(15(10) days vs. 11(5)days,Z=2.292,P=0.022) were observed in the group of DP-CAR. Moreover,rate of overall morbidities was also higher (71.0%(22/31) vs. 29.6%(8/27),χ2=9.876,P=0.003),implicated by clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula(61.3%(19/31) vs. 29.6%(8/27),χ2=5.814,P=0.020) in the DP-CAR group. Tumor size of the DP-CAR group was bigger(4.9(1.5)cm vs. 4.0(1.2)cm,Z=2.343,P=0.019) but no difference was seen between the DP-CAR group and SDT group in R0+R1(<1 mm) resection rate (84.0%(21/25) vs. 90.0%(18/20),P=0.678) and LNR(12.0(23.0)% vs. 9.0(18.0)%,Z=1.238,P=0.216),as well as median disease free survival(11.7 months vs. 11.4 months,Z=0.019,P=0.892) and median overall survival(16.3 months vs. 13.7 months,Z=0.172,P=0.679). Conclusions: Both DP-CAR and distal pancreatectomy with SDT are relatively safe and feasible for locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer. Compared with arterial resection,SDT may contribute to lower rates of postoperative complications and shorter duration of hospitalization,but no significant benefit is seen in long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Celiac Artery/surgery , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 187-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and complications of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) and intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) for unilateral advanced retinoblastoma (RB).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2020 to January 2021, 40 patients (40 eyes) unilateral group cT2 RB patients diagnosed at Baoding Children’s Hospital and Beijing Children’s Hospital were recruited in this study. There were 22 males (22 eyes) and 18 females (18 eyes). All were monocular. All the patients were assigned to two groups according to different treatment modalities they received: IVC group and IAC group. There were 26 eyes and 14 eyes, respectively. When the tumor invades the optic nerve, choroid, sclera, anterior chamber and iris, enucleation was performed. The globe salvage rate, tumor extraocular metastasis rate, solid tumor control rate, treatment-related complications and pathological high-risk factors after enucleation were observed. The globe salvage rate and solid tumor control rate were compared between the groups by chi square test.Results:The globe salvage rate of IAC group and IVC group were 88.5% (23/26) and 50.0% (7/14), respectively. Solid tumor control of IAC group and IVC group were 84.6% (22/26) and 42.9% (6/14), respectively. There were statistically significant differences in globe salvage rate and solid tumor control between the two groups ( χ 2=7.18, 7.56; P<0.05). Compared with IVC group, IAC group had less systemic complications, mild ocular and periocular side effects. Among 26 cases in IAC group and 14 cases in IVC group, 3 and 7 cases underwent enucleation respectively. The results of pathological examination showed that there were 2 cases and 3 cases with pathological high-risk factors in the two groups, respectively. During the follow-up period, 2 cases in IAC group had extraocular metastasis, there was no extraocular metastasis in IVC group. Conclusion:Compared with IVC, IAC has the advantages of high tumor control rate, high globe salvage rate, less and mild complications, however, there is still tumor recurrence.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 129-134, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate efficacy and safety of topical sirolimus cream in the treatment of superficial vascular malformation in children.Methods:A single-center prospective study was carried out. Children with superficial vascular malformation were enrolled into this study from Vascular Anomalies Clinic, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2019 to September 2020, and treated with 0.1% sirolimus cream. The efficacy was evaluated according to an international four-level classification system through imaging examination, dermoscopy and subjective evaluation, and adverse reactions during the treatment were monitored. Statistical analysis was carried out by t test, univariate analysis of variance or Fisher′s exact test. Results:A total of 19 children with superficial vascular malformations were enrolled, including 12 males and 7 females, aged 1 - 11.5 years. Fourteen children were diagnosed with vascular and lymphatic malformations, 3 with lymphatic malformations, and 2 with venous malformations. Sixteen children presented with lesions on the lower extremities, 8 were accompanied by pain, 2 presented with ulceration, and 6 had previous treatment history. After 6-month treatment, 3 patients achieved improvement of level Ⅰ, 4 of level Ⅱ, 4 of level Ⅲ, and 8 of level Ⅳ; 16 achieved improvement, and 12 achieved marked improvement. Six patients showed significantly decreased length, thickness and width of lesions after 6 months of treatment (1.83 ± 0.84 cm, 1.00 ± 0.55 cm, 2.25 ± 1.25 cm, respectively) compared with those before treatment (2.40 ± 0.95 cm, 1.35 ± 0.61 cm, 2.50 ± 1.34 cm, t = 5.22, 10.25, 3.73, respectively, all P < 0.05) . Gender, age, medical history and pain sensation did not significantly affect the therapeutic effect (all P > 0.05) , while diagnostic classification of vascular malformations significantly affected the therapeutic effect ( P = 0.008) . Among the 19 children, 2 had mild local burning sensation after the treatment. After 1- and 6-month treatment, the blood concentrations of sirolimus were both below 1.0 ng/ml. Conclusion:Topical sirolimus is effective and safe in the treatment of superficial vascular malformation in children.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 483-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary diseases.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinico-pathological data of 2 019 patients with periampullary diseases who underwent PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2016 to December 2020 were collected. There were 1 193 males and 826 females, aged 63(15) years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative conditions; (3) postoperative pathological examinations; (4) prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Regular follow-up was conducted by telephone interview and outpatient examination once every 3 months within the postoperative first year and once every 6 months thereafter to detect the survival of patients with periampullary carcinoma. The follow-up was up to December 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(IQR) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers and (or) percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates, and Log-Rank test was used to conduct survival analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations: of 2 019 patients, 1 116 cases were admitted from 2016-2018 and 903 cases were admitted from 2019-2020. There were 1 866 cases undergoing open PD and 153 cases undergoing laparoscopic or robot-assisted PD. There were 1 049 cases under-going standard PD and 970 cases undergoing pylorus-preserved PD. There were 215 cases combined with portal mesenteric vein resection, 3 cases combined with arterial resection. The operation time of 2 019 patients was 255(104)minutes and the volume of intraoperative blood loss was 250(200)mL. The intraoperative blood transfusion rate was 31.401%(623/1 984), with the blood transfusion data of 35 cases missing. The proportions of pylorus-preservation, combination with portal mesenteric vein resection, intraoperative blood transfusion were 585 cases(52.419%), 97cases(8.692%), 384 cases(34.941%) for patients admitted in 2016-2018, versus 385 cases(42.636%), 118 cases(13.068%), 239 cases(27.006%) for patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=19.14,10.05,14.33, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative conditions: the duration of postoperative hospital stay of 2 019 patients was 13 (10) days. One of 2 019 patients lacked the data of postopera-tive complications. The overall postoperative complication rate was 45.292%(914/2 018), of which the incidence rate of grade B or C pancreatic fistula was 23.439%(473/2 018), the rate of grade B or C hemorrhage was 8.127%(164/2 018), the rate of grade B or C delayed gastric emptying was 15.312%(309/2 018), the rate of biliary fistula was 2.428%(49/2 018) and the rate of abdominal infection was 12.884%(260/2 018). The reoperation rate of 2 019 patients was 1.932%(39/2 019), the in-hospital mortality was 0.644%(13/2 019), the postoperative 30-day mortality was 1.238%(25/2 019), and the postoperative 90-day mortality was 2.675%(54/2 019). There were 541 cases(48.477%) with overall postoperative complications, 109 cases(9.767%) with grade B or C hemorr-hage, 208 cases(18.638%) with grade B or C delayed gastric emptying , 172 cases(15.412%) with abdominal infection, 39 cases(3.495%) with postoperative 90-day mortality of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018. The above indicators were 373 cases(41.353%), 55 cases(6.098%), 101 cases(11.197%), 88 cases(9.756%), 15 cases(1.661%) of 902 patients admitted in 2019-2020, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between them( χ2=10.22, 9.00, 21.30, 14.22, 6.45 , P<0.05). The in-hospital mortality occurred to 11 patients(0.986%) of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018 and to 2 cases(0.221%) of 903 patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Postoperative pathological examinations. Disease area of 2 019 patients reported in postoperative pathological examinations: there were 1 346 cases(66.667%) with lesions in pancreas, including 1 023 cases of carcinoma (76.003%) and 323 cases(23.997%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 250 cases(12.382%) with lesions in duodenal papilla, including 225 cases of carcinoma (90.000%) and 25 cases(10.000%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 174 cases(8.618%) with lesions in bile duct, including 156 cases of carcinoma (89.655%) and 18 cases(10.345%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 140 cases(6.934%) with lesions in ampulla, including 134 cases of carcinoma (95.714%) and 6 cases(4.286%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 91 cases(4.507%) with lesions in duodenum, including 52 cases of carcinoma (57.143%) and 39 cases(42.857%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 18 cases(0.892%) with carcinoma in other sites. Postoperative pathological examination showed carcinoma in 1 608 cases(79.643%), benign diseases or low potential malignancy in 411 cases(20.357%). The histological types of 1 608 patients with carcinoma included adenocarcinoma in 1 447 cases (89.988%), intra-ductal papillary mucinous carcinoma in 37 cases(2.301%), adenosquamous carcinoma in 35 cases(2.177%), adenocarcinoma with other cancerous components in 29 cases(1.803%), neuroendocrine carcinoma in 18 cases(1.119%), squamous carcinoma in 1 case (0.062%), and other histological malignancies in 41 cases(2.550%). The histological types of 411 patients with benign or low poten-tial malignancy included intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in 107 cases (26.034%), chronic or autoimmune inflammatory disease in 62 cases(15.085%), neuroendocrine tumor in 58 cases(14.112%), pancreatic serous cystadenoma in 52 cases(12.652%), pancreatic solid pseudopapillary tumor in 36 cases(8.759%), gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 29 cases(7.056%), villous ductal adenoma in 20 cases(4.866%), pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma in 2 cases(0.487%), pancreatic or duodenal trauma in 2 cases(0.487%) and other histological types in 43 cases(10.462%). (4) Prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Results of survival analysis of 1 590 patients with main locations of periampullary carcinoma showed that of 1 023 patients with pancreatic cancer, 969 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.6 months, with a median follow-up time of 30.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates of pancreatic cancer patients were 19.5 months [95% confidence interval ( CI) as 18.0-21.2 months], 74.28%, 29.22% and 17.92%. Of 225 patients with duodenal papillary cancer, 185 cases were followed up for 3.0-68.9 months, with a median follow-up time of 36.7 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were unreached, 94.92%, 78.87% and 66.94%. Of 156 patients with distal bile duct cancer, 110 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 25.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 50.6 months (95% CI as 31.4 to not reached), 90.37%, 56.11% and 48.84%. Of 134 patients with ampullary cancer, 100 cases were followed up for 3.0-67.8 months, with a median follow-up time of 28.1 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 62.4 months (95% CI as 37.8 months to not reached), 90.57%, 64.98% and 62.22%. Of 52 patients with duodenal cancer, 38 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 26.2 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 52.0 months (95% CI as 30.6 months to not reached), 93.75%, 62.24% and 40.01%.There was a significant difference in overall survival after PD between patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies ( χ2=163.76, P<0.05). Conclusions:PD is safe and feasible in a high-volume pancreas center, but the incidence of overall postoperative complications remains high. With the increase of PD volume, the incidence of overall postoperative complications has significantly decreased. There is a significant difference in overall survival time after PD among patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies. The 5-year survival rate after PD for duodenal papillary cancer, ampullary cancer, duodenal cancer and distal bile duct cancer is relatively high, whereas for pancreatic cancer is low.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 296-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922938

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is defined as the electron reduction product of oxygen with high reactivity which can maintain normal physiological functions and redox homeostasis. The tumor microenvironment is in a state of oxidative stress. ROS can affect multiple processes of tumor immune response by modulating the phenotype and functions of tumor cells and immune cells. With the rapid development of immunology, ROS-based tumor immunomodulation has been widely concerned and studied. In this review, the mechanism of ROS participating in tumor immune response is elaborated. Meanwhile, the research process and application of ROS in tumor immunomodulation in recent years are reviewed and analyzed.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 17-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features and prognosis of infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma-arteriovenous fistula (IHHE-AVF) complicated with heart failure in neonates.Method:From May 2016 to June 2020, neonates with IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure admitted were retrospectively studied. The clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were analyzed.Result:A total of 11 cases of IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure were enrolled (male 5, female 6). The onset age of heart failure was 12.0 (0.0, 17.0) d. 6 cases showed IHHE on fetal ultrasound. All patients had significantly enlarged heart on chest X-ray. All patients had decreased left ventricular systolic function and pulmonary hypertension on echocardiography. All patients required respiratory support and 6 of them were intubated. 3 cases received conservative treatment (all dead). 1 case received surgery (dead). 7 cases received interventional therapy at the age of (25.6±18.5) d. 1 case was dead, and the other 6 cases were improved and discharged. All the 6 cases were followed up to 3~18 months. None of them had heart failure again. The IHHE were shrunk or completely disappeared. Coagulation function and platelet count were normal.Conclusion:The fatality rate of neonatal-onset IHHE-AVF complicated with heart failure is extremely high. Interventional therapy may be more effective than conservative therapy and surgery.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1426-1428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907983

ABSTRACT

Clinical data and follow-up of a case of congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ia (CDG-Ia) combined with dilated cardiomyopathy admitted to the Department of Cardiology, Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.The 5-year-old female patient was admitted in December 2016 due to recu-rrent shortness of breath for 2 months.Clinical symptoms and signs included repeated attacks of shortness of breath, physical retardation, malnutrition, binocular esotropia, multiple episodes of hypoglycemia, hepatosplenomegaly, hypotonia and other multi-system damages.Cardiac echocardiography suggested the feature of dilated cardiomyopathy, including the significant enlargement of the left ventricle, and decreased systolic function.Genetic testing revealed a compound heterozygous mutation in the PMM2 gene, and as a result, the patient was diagnosed as CDG-Ia.The patient′s condition improved after symptomatic treatments such as Cedilanid, Dopamine, Dobutamine, Furosemide, as well as support treatments like myocardium nutrition, blood sugar maintenance, liver protection, etc.After discharge, the patient was given oral Digoxin, Betaloc, Captopril and diuretics, and hypoglycemia-controlling agents.The patient was followed up every 3-6 months.After more than 2 years of follow-up, the heart function and heart enlargement gradually returned to normal.During the Corona Virus Disease 2019 outbreak, self-withdrawal continued for 2 months.Re-examinations showed decreased cardiac function and enlarged left ventricle again.Medications were resumed again, and the patient was followed up closely.This case report suggested that CDG-Ia may be associated with dilated cardiomyopathy, and the cardiac phenotype may be improved by symptomatic supportive treatment.

20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 774-777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907522

ABSTRACT

Protein ubiquitination is one of the important mechanisms regulating protein stability and activity under physiological condition. Among them, E1/E2/E3 ligases and deubiquitination enzyme play an important regulatory role in the process of protein ubiquitination, while deubiquitination may induce the occurrence of tumors, asthma and other diseases. Ubiquitin-specific peptidases, as the main members of the deubiquitination enzyme family, have been proved to be closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors, among which some ubiquitin-specific peptidases have been used as new targets for anti-tumor therapy. Therefore, this study aims to briefly review the regulatory mechanisms of ubiquitin-specific peptidases in the process of tumor genesis and development, which will provide more research directions for tumor therapy.

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