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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of intestinal polyps and the risk factors for secondary intussusception in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 2 669 children with intestinal polyps. According to the presence or absence of secondary intussusception, they were divided into two groups: intussusception (n=346) and non-intussusception (n=2 323). Related medical data were compared between the two groups. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for secondary intussusception.@*RESULTS@#Among the children with intestinal polyps, 62.42% were preschool children, and the male/female ratio was 2.08∶1; 92.66% had hematochezia as disease onset, and 94.34% had left colonic polyps and rectal polyps. There were 346 cases of secondary intussusception, with an incidence rate of 12.96% (346/2 669). Large polyps (OR=1.644, P<0.001), multiple polyps (≥2) (OR=6.034, P<0.001), and lobulated polyps (OR=93.801, P<0.001) were the risk factors for secondary intussusception.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intestinal polyps in children often occur in preschool age, mostly in boys, and most of the children have hematochezia as disease onset, with the predilection sites of the left colon and the rectum. Larger polyps, multiple polyps, and lobulated polyps may increase the risk of secondary intussusception, and endoscopic intervention is needed as early as possible to improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Humans , Intestinal Polyps/complications , Intussusception/complications , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 201-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928532

ABSTRACT

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new form of ultrasound (US) that can dynamically display microvessels in a highly sensitive manner. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CEUS for characterizing testicular lesions in comparison with conventional US. Forty-seven patients with testicular lesions were enrolled. The histopathology results revealed that 31 cases were neoplastic (11 cases of seminomas, 8 nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, 8 lymphomas, 2 Leydig cell tumors, and 2 nonspecific tumors), and 16 cases were nonneoplastic (8 cases of infarctions, 3 epidermoid cysts, and 5 inflammation). The indicators of shallow lobulated morphology and cystic-solid echogenicity on conventional US were suggestive of germ cell tumors. More indicators on CEUS were found to be useful for characterizing testicular lesions. All the neoplastic lesions showed hyperenhancement on CEUS. Moreover, germ cell tumors presented with heterogeneous enhancement (73.7%, 14/19), a twisted blood vessel pattern, rapid wash-in and wash-out, and peripheral rim hyperenhancement signs. Lymphoma was characterized by nonbranching linear vessel patterns (87.5%, 7/8), rapid wash-in and slow wash-out. In nonneoplastic lesions, infarction and epidermoid cysts showed no enhancement, and abscesses were observed with marginal irregular enhancement. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CEUS for differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic lesions were 100%, 93.8%, and 97.9%, respectively, and these values were higher than those for conventional US (90.3%, 62.5%, and 80.9%, respectively). CEUS can sensitively reflect the microvascular perfusion in testicular lesions and offers high accuracy for characterizing them.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermal Cyst , Humans , Lymphoma , Male , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907244

ABSTRACT

Hyper immunoglobulin M syndrome(HIGM)is a group of rare primary immunodeficiency disease(PID)caused by single gene mutation.Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT)is the only treatment to cure the disease, and patients should receive allo-HSCT if possible.Younger patients who can keep in good pre-transplant state, obtain matching sibling donor and tolerate to myeloablative conditioning may get better outcome after early transplantation, and the overall survival rate can reach 80%.The progress in the timing of transplantation, donor and graft, conditioning regimen, prevention and treatment of complications of allo-HSCT for HIGM is reviewed in this paper.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the contents of inorganic arsenic(iAs),monomethylarsonic acid(MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid(DMA) in brain tissues and blood by using hydride generation-cold trap-atomic absorptionspectrometry(HG-CT-AAS), and to explore the toxic effects of Realgar on central nervous system of rats. Method:The 96 Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:normal control group,0.3,0.9 and 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar groups. They then received intragastric administration for 14,28 and 42 days respectively, so a total of 12 groups were formed, with 8 animals in each group. The normal group was given the same dose of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) by gavage. The contents of iAs,MMA and DMA in blood and brain tissues were determined by HG-CT-AAS. The novel object recognition test was conducted to observe the learning and memory ability of rats. The changes of hippocampal neuron ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Result:There was no difference in the growth,weight and hippocampal coefficient of the experimental animals. The method of HG-CT-AAS showed a good linearity,precision,accuracy and recovery in content determination of arsenic (at various forms) in rat brain and blood. MMA and DMA were detected in the brain of realgar groups at time-dose-effect relationship. iAs,MMA and DMA were detected in the blood of Realgar groups. The nuclear membrane, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum in hippocampus neurons of rats were gradually damaged with the increase of Rhubarb exposure dose and time. After 14 days of exposure to Realgar,compared with the normal control group,there was no significant difference in the novel object recognition index among Realgar groups. After 28 days of exposure,only 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar group showed statistically significant difference with the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After 42 days of exposure, the novel object recognition index of 0.9 and 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar groups was significantly lower than that in normal control group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:The metabolites of Realgar in rats are iAs,MMA and DMA. MMA and DMA can be accumulated in the brain tissue through the blood-brain barrier,causing the decline of the ability of learning and memory and leading to damage of hippocampal neurons.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E448-E452, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904422

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of three kinds of commonly used liquid culture media for in vitro cell experiments on elastic modulus of breast cancer cells, so as to provide references for developing novel diagnosis and treatment approach of tumour based on mechanics principles. Methods The elastic modulus and adhesion force of breast cancer cells MCF7 to atomic force microscopy (AFM) probes in phosphate buffered solution(PBS), Dulbecco’s modified eagle media (DMEM) and DMEM+10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) were measured using AFM technology. Results The elastic moduli of breast cancer cells in PBS, DMEM and DMEM+10% FBS were 2.59, 2.11 and 1.59 kPa, respectively. The cell adhesion forces in the above three kinds of liquid medium environment were 63.81, 66.09 and 121.97 pN, respectively. Cell adhesion force in DMEM+10%FBS was significantly different from that of the other two kinds of liquid media. Conclusions There are significant differences in elastic modulus of breast cancer cells in three kinds of liquid media. The difference between DMEM and DMEM+10%FBS might be caused by the different adhesion force caused by serum proteins in the media, and the difference between DMEM and PBS might be attributed to the difference in pH of the media.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921791

ABSTRACT

Under the background of the Belt and Road Initiative, the exchange of traditional medicine has become inevitable. China and Thailand are amicable neighbors, and the cooperation between the two countries in the field of traditional medicine has become increasingly close in recent years. Nevertheless, on account of the differences in culture, region, politics, economy and so on, the two countries have common features and unique characteristics in the theoretical system of traditional medicine, quality standard control of medicinal materials, research and development and use of medicinal materials. This paper summarizes the similarities and differences as well as the development opportunities of traditional medicine between China and Thailand. The specific content involves the development history, resources, and use of medicinal resources in Thailand, the main achievements and existing problems of modern research of Thai medicine, the spread and development of Chinese medicine in Thailand, and the spread and development of Thai medicine in China. Furthermore, the paper outlines the recent situation of traditional medicine interflow and cooperation between the two countries, and predicts the prospects for cooperation and development of traditional medicine between China and Thailand in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative, especially in the joint research and development and the improvement of quality standards of important medicinal plant varieties commonly used by the two countries and circulated across the border. Through the exchange and mutual learning, we can step up the traditional medicine cooperation between China and Thailand, which will provide advantageous conditions for the safety of medicine use as well as political and social stability between the two countries.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Research , Thailand
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913069

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of echinococcosis in Serthar County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide insights into optimization of echinococcosis control measures. Methods The prevalence of human echinococcosis was surveyed among permanent residents living in Serthar County at ages of over 2 years from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was surveyed in owned dogs, yaks and rodents in 2019. The epidemiological features of echinococcosis in humans and animals were descriptively analyzed. Results The overall prevalence of human echinococcosis was 3.72% (1 613/43 362) in Serthar County from 2016 to 2019, and the prevalence rates of cystic echinococcosis, alveolar echinococcosis and mixed infections of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis were 1.72% (745/43 362), 1.98% (860/43 362) and 0.02% (8/43 362), respectively. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was higher in pastoral areas (4.13%, 1 577/38 149) than in semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas (0.69%, 36/5 213) (χ2 = 151.82, P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the prevalence between men (3.76%, 819/21 787) and women (3.68%, 794/21 575) (χ2 = 0.19, P > 0.05). Cystic echinococcosis was the predominant type in students with echinococcosis (93.78%, 422/450), while alveolar echinococcosis was the predominant type in herders with echinococcosis (72.16%, 801/1 110). There was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of echinococcosis types between students and herders (χ2 = 588.57, P < 0.05). In addition, higher prevalence of echinococcosis was detected in nomadic populations (4.58%, 1 008/22 021) than in community-dwelling populations (2.83%, 605/21 341) (χ2 = 91.88, P < 0.05). The Echinococcus copro-antigen-positive rate was 0.19% (4/2 157) in owned dogs, and the detection rate of echinococcosis was 8.00% (16/200) in yaks and 3.10% (31/1 000) in rodents in 2019. Conclusions Echinococcosis is highly prevalent in Serthar County, Sichuan Province. Sustained management of source of Echinococcus infections, improved treatment of echinococcosis patients and timely health education for nomadic populations are recommended.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912875

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the protective mechanism of acupuncture plus mild hypothermia for cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) by observing the effects of acupuncture plus mild hypothermia on miRNA-204 and its target gene expressions in CIRI rat brain tissues. Methods: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a blank control group, a sham operation group, a model group, an acupuncture group, a mild hypothermia group and an acupuncture plus mild hypothermia group according to the random number table method (n=10). Except for the blank control group and the sham operation group, rats in the other 4 groups received CIRI modeling. After the model was successfully established, rats in the blank control group were bred routinely for 72 h without any interventions; rats in the sham operation group and the model group were bred routinely for 72 h, and only received binding without other interventions after surgery; rats in the acupuncture group were bred routinely for 72 h, and received acupuncture at Dazhui (GV 14), Baihui (GV 20) and Shuigou (GV 26) after binding; rats in the mild hypothermia group were bred routinely for 72 h, and received mild hypothermia intervention for 72 h after binding; rats in the acupuncture plus mild hypothermia group were bred routinely for 72 h, followed by receiving acupuncture as in the acupuncture group and mild hypothermia therapy as in the mild hypothermia group after binding. The neurological impairment score, cerebral infarction area ratio, the expressions of miRNA-204 and its target genes including Map3k8, Ntrk2 and Ppp3r1 in the ischemic hippocampus of each group were observed after 72 h of intervention. Results: Before intervention, compared with the blank control group and the sham operation group, the neurological impairment scores and the infarction area ratios of the modelled rats were statistically significantly increased (all P<0.01), indicating that the model was successful. After intervention, compared with the model group, the neurological impairment scores of the three intervention groups were significantly reduced (all P<0.01); compared with the acupuncture group and the mild hypothermia group, the infarction area ratio in the acupuncture plus mild hypothermia group was significantly reduced (both P<0.01); compared with the model group, the three intervention groups showed significant inhibition of miRNA-204 expression in brain tissues (all P<0.05), which was most significant in the acupuncture plus mild hypothermia group (P<0.01); compared with the acupuncture group and the mild hypothermia group, the Map3k8 expression in the acupuncture plus mild hypothermia group was significantly increased (both P<0.01), but there were no significant differences in Ntrk2 and Ppp3r1 expressions between groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture, mild hypothermia, and acupuncture plus mild hypothermia reduced the neurological impairment score and the cerebral infarction area in CIRI rats, while acupuncture plus mild hypothermia showed the most significant effect. In regulating miRNA-204 target gene expressions, acupuncture plus mild hypothermia showed the same effect on Ntrk2 and Ppp3r1 expressions, while better effect on Map3k8 expression compared with either acupuncture or hypothermia.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1039-1049, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the hub genes affecting the solely bone marrow relapse of childish acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).@*METHODS@#The high-throughput RNA sequencing data were downloaded from TCGA database, the differentially expressed genes were screened by DESeq2 package of R, and the differentially expressed genes were grouped by GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Further, the data of STRING database and Cytoscape software were used to construct protein interaction network, screen hub genes and highly interaction protein sub network, perform GO and KEGG analysis of the hub genes and protein sub network respectively. JASPAR database was used to screen the upstream transcription factor of the hub gene promoter. Survival analysis based on the expression of hub genes was performed with clinical information attached to TCGA database. The bone marrow samples and clinical data of the patients were collected, the analysis results of hub genes were verified through clinical samples.@*RESULTS@#847 differentially expressed genes were collected, including 813 up-regulated genes, 34 down-regulated genes, 11 hub genes were screened out. The results of survival analysis showed that RPS5、RPS15、RPL23、RPL35、RPS8、RPS27A、RPS3、RPL9、RPS21、RPS7 and RPL38 showed significant effect on the survival of the children, and ZNF460 might be involved in their regulation. The high expressions of RPS3, RPS15, RPS8, RPS27A, and RPS21 had been verified in clinical samples of solely bone marrow relapsed patients.@*CONCLUSION@#RPS3, RPS15, RPS8, RPS27A, RPS21 can be used as biomarkers to indicate the malignant event of solely bone marrow relapse, which may be regulated by ZNF460.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Child , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of children with acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) under different diagnostic criteria.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 39 children with ALAL who were diagnosed and treated from December 2015 to December 2019. Among the 39 children, 34 received treatment. According to the diagnostic criteria for ALAL by World Health Organization and European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias, the 39 children were divided into two groups: ALAL group (@*RESULTS@#The 34 children receiving treatment had a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of 75%±9% and an overall survival rate of 88%±6%. The children treated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 33%±27%, those treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 78%±10%, and those who had no remission after induction with AML protocol and then received ALL protocol had a 3-year EFS rate of 100%±0% (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL protocol has a better clinical effect than AML protocol in children with ALAL, and positive MRD after induction therapy suggests poor prognosis. Hyperleukocytosis and adverse genetic changes are not observed in children with myeloid expression, and such children tend to have a good prognosis, suggesting that we should be cautious to take it as ALAL in diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888251

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis as a systemic chronic skeletal disease is characterized by low bone mineral density and increased risk to osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis is prevalent in the middle-aged and elderly population, especially in the postmenopausal women. With population aging, osteoporosis has become a world-wide serious public health problem. Early recognition of the high-risk population followed by timely and efficient intervention and/or treatment is important for preventing osteoporotic fractures. In light of the high heritability and complex pathogenesis of osteoporosis, comprehensive consideration of vital biological/biochemical factors is necessary for accurate risk evaluation of fractures. For this purpose, we review recent research progress on molecules which can be applied to assess risk for osteoporotic fractures. Future integrative analyses and systematic evaluation of these molecules may facilitate developing novel methodologies and/or test strategies, i.e., biochips, for early recognition of osteoporosis, hence contributing to preventing osteoporotic fractures.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886090

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the medical radiation exposure frequency and find out the main factors related to the collective dose derived from X-ray diagnosis procedures. Methods A survey of 3 178 hospitals was conducted to collect the basic information such as types of medical radiation, allocation of radiological diagnosis and treatment devices, the frequency of radiologic examinations, etc. By using a stratified sampling method,36 hospital were selected and more specific details, including 26 types of diagnostic radiologic examinations, were collected to estimate the collective dose to the population in Hubei, combining with the previous literature. Results A total number of 6 843 radiological diagnosis and treatment devices were covered and 33 771 855 medical radiologic procedures were counted in this survey. The result showed a annual frequency of 569.79 examinations per 1 000 population for all types of procedures. A large variation was revealed among different areas and the highest area was with a 4-fold frequency of the lowest area. Although tertiary hospitals accounted for 4.40% of the total hospitals, 48.42% procedures were carried out in them. The collective effective dose from X-ray diagnosis in Hubei was 65 399.55man·Sv, and the average annual effective dose was 1.10mSv, while contribution from CT scans accounted for 86.90% of the dose. Conclusion The frequency of medical radiologic procedures presented a consistent increase in Hubei province, with a uneven development among hospitals from urban and rural areas, or from different regions, or from different levels. Among all types of X-ray examinations, CT scan frequency had the fastest growth rate and accounted for the major annual collective effective dose. In order to reduce the health risk from medical radiologic exposure, CT scan need to be applied more properly and the radiation dose per single CT scan need to be limited to a reasonable level.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 705-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884763

ABSTRACT

The treatment of lower extremity chronic refractory ulcers requires a long time but with poor prognosis. Thus, many patients end up with amputations. The treatment of lower extremity chronic and recalcitrant ulcers and limb salvage has been a challenge worldwide. The Ilizarov technique based on the law of "tension-stress" brings a new hope in treating lower limb chronic and recalcitrant ulcers. The Ilizarov technique and distraction osteogenesis not only induce bone formation but also lead to angiogenesis and improved microcirculation. The Ilizarov technique consists of longitudinal distraction of long bone and tibia trans-verse transport (TTT) (proximal tibial corticotomy followed by transverse distraction). These two techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages with different indications in clinical application. Longitudinal distraction of long bone is mainly used for bone formation, such as large bone defects, osteonecrosis or bone infection (with or without soft tissue loss or ulcers). Because of only a partial osteotomy in TTT, the trauma is minor and their effects on limb instability are limited. Moreover, the procedure is simple with only a few minor complications. Thus, it is ideal in treating lower limb ischemic ulcers, such as diabetic foot ulcers, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease), ulcers caused by atherosclerotic occlusion, arterial or venous ulcers, and trauma wounds. Several studies reported that TTT achieved high healing and limb salvage rates in treating severe diabetic foot ulcer. However, TTT could achieve lower recurrent rate. Thus, it is the most successful application in treatment of chronic ulcers. TTT also improves healing and limb salvage in treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans. However, the overall effects are limited than those in treating diabetic foot ulcer. For lower limb atherosclerosis occlusion, TTT induces regeneration of microvessles and consequently leads to ulcer healing. The effects are better than other conventional treatments. A combination therapy with vascularization is emphasized to attain the optimal long-term effects. The effects of TTT on lower limb recalcitrant ulcers still need to be validated in randomized control trial with larger sample size. Further, the mechanism of treatment needs to be explored by pilot studies which could show that this may be related to the formation of pro-angiogenetic factors and a rebalance of the inflammatory microenvironment during TTT.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between white matter lesions (WML) at different locations and cognitive function.Methods:The cognitive function of 68 patients with WML in Beijing Electric Power Hospital from January 2019 to May 2020 were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), and the extent of WML were assessed with age-related white matter changes rating scale(ARWMCRs). Correlation between the ARWMCRs scores of different locations and the scores of all locations and the scores of cognitive function, as well as the relationship between the ARWMCRs scores of different locations and each subitem of cognitive function were analyzed.Results:In 68 patients with WML, the degree of lesions in different parts from heavy to light was frontal area, parietooccipital area, basal ganglia area and temporal area, and no white matter lesions were found in infratentorial area. Except the basal ganglia region, the ARWMCRs scores in other regions and the total score were negatively correlated with MoCA score, among which, the ARWMCRs score in left frontal area, right frontal area, left parietal pillow and right parietal pillow region had the strongest correlation with MoCA score( rs=- 0.388, - 0.479, -0.418, -0.502, all P<0.01).In WML patients, the left frontal area was negatively correlated with language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.479, - 0.324, - 0.288, all P<0.01).The ARWMCRs score in right frontal area was negatively correlated with visual spatial and executive function, memory, language, abstraction, and orientation ( rs=- 0.324, -0.272, -0.459, -0.382, -0.352, all P<0.05). The ARWMCRs score in left parietal occipital region was negatively correlated with visual spatial and executive function and memory ( rs =-0.287、- 0.270, all P<0.05). The ARWMCRs score in right parietal occipital region was negatively correlated with memory, language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=-0.366, -0.289, -0.260, - 0.307, all P<0.05).The ARWMCRs score in left temporal region was negatively correlated with language, abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.248, -0.372, - 0.608, all P<0.05).The ARWMCRs score in right temporal region was negatively correlated with abstraction and orientation ( rs=- 0.525, -0.465, all P<0.01).The ARWMCRs score in right basal ganglia was negatively correlated with orientation and memory ( rs=- 0.455, - 0.275, all P<0.01), while The ARWMCRs score in left basal ganglia was not correlated with MoCA subitems. Conclusions:The frontal area and parietal occipital area are the most serious lesions in WML patients, and the lesions in these two areas also cause the widest range of cognitive impairment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882029

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of a new health education pathway for echinococcosis control among primary school students in regions highly prevalent for echinococcosis in China. Methods Six primary schools were randomly selected from echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions, with 13 classes assigned to the intervention group and 9 to the control group, and all students in these 21 classes were recruited as the study subjects. Echinococcosis health education was performed through the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices in the intervention group, while routine health education was given in the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to assess the score of echinococcosis control knowledge (including theoretical knowledge score and mean daily practical capability score) before and after the health education interventions to evaluate the effectiveness of this new health education pathway for echinococcosis control. Results The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 68.86 ± 18.70 points at baseline, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 40.97 ± 10.75 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 27.89 ± 12.50 points. Clustering analysis showed three types of populations, including “unsatisfactory”, “learn and apply creatively”, and “rote learning”, which accounted for 24.62% (240/975), 45.74% (446/975) and 29.64% (289/975), respectively. The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 81.08 ± 18.15 points in the intervention group during the final assessment, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 43.65 ± 9.40 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 37.43 ± 12.22 points, and both were significantly higher relative to baseline (t = −4.201 and −15.202, both P values < 0.01). The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was comparable between at baseline (70.55 ± 19.46 points) and final assessment (71.74 ± 19.37 points) in the control group (t = −0.87, P > 0.05). Conclusions The awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge is fair among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions; however, the capability of combining theoretical learning and practices requires to be improved. The health education mode based on the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices seems to remarkably improve the understanding of echinococcosis control knowledge among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely used throughout China to prevent and cure diseases for thousands of years, and now it is a part of the integrative medicine field that is available in Western societies. To ensure the safety and quality of the herbal medicines that are a major part of the TCM tradition, they must be held to modern pharmaceutical standards. Erzhi pill (EZP) is a Chinese Pharmacopeia-listed herbal preparation that is used in the long-term clinical management of post-menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis and menstrual disorders. Until now, whether the drug release mechanism of EZP is in line with its intended TCM usage has not been studied.@*METHODS@#The release of specnuezhenide from three EZPs (self-made, Leiyunshang and Renhe) in simulated gastric fluid (SGF), acetate buffer (pH 4.5 buffer) and simulated intestinal fluid (SIF) was investigated in a dissolution test. The water uptake capacity and erosion extent of the three EZPs were investigated using swelling and erosion studies. The drug release mechanism was further assessed through statistical model fitting, using DDSolver software.@*RESULTS@#The release of specnuezhenide from all three EZPs in SGF was less than 50% within a 4 h period. However, over 70% of the specnuezhenide was released from each EZP in both pH 4.5 buffer and SIF in the same time. Analysis of the swelling and erosion behaviors and the drug release mechanism of the three EZPs confirmed that the release rate from EZP followed a sustained release profile, which was an interactive combination of swelling and erosion.@*CONCLUSION@#This study showed that the release pattern from the pills was in line with the intended TCM use of EZP. TCM had not only theoretically considered sustained release from the pills, but also formulated them to achieve this release pattern. When establishing quality control standards for pills, the theoretical TCM usage and the actual release patterns need to be considered.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) can protect human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) against high glucose-induced apoptosis and examine the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were divided into 5 groups: control group (5.5 mmol/L glucose), high glucose (HG, 40 mmol/L) treatment group, Rb1 (50 µ mol/L) treatment group, Rb1 plus HG treatment group, and Rb1 and 3-(@*RESULTS@#Rb1 ameliorated survival in cells in which apoptosis was induced by high glucose (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Upon the addition of Rb1, mitochondrial and intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and malondialdehyde levels were decreased (P<0.01), while the activities of antioxidant enzymes were increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Rb1 preserved the mitochondrial membrane potential and reduced the release of Cyt-c from the mitochondria into the cytosol (P<0.01). In addition, Rb1 upregulated mitochondrial biogenesis-associated proteins (P<0.01). Notably, the cytoprotective effects of Rb1 were correlated with SIRT3 signalling pathway activation (P<0.01). The effect of Rb1 against high glucose-induced mitochondria-related apoptosis was restrained by 3-TYP (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Rb1 could protect HUVECs from high glucose-induced apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial function and suppressing oxidative stress through the SIRT3 signalling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of children with acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL) and the clinical effect of acute myeloid leukemia 03 (AML03) regimen for the treatment of pediatric AMKL.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected from 47 children with AMKL who were diagnosed from May 2011 to December 2019. The treatment outcomes and prognostic factors were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test were used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 47 children with AMKL, 22 with non-Down syndrome-AMKL were treated by the AML03 regimen, with a median follow-up time of 11.4 months. For the 22 non-Down syndrome-AMKL patients, the remission rate of bone marrow cytology was 85% and the negative rate of minimal residual disease (MRD) was 79% after induction Ⅱ, with a 2-year overall survival (OS) rate of (50±13)% and a 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of (40±12)%. The group with positive immunophenotypic marker CD56 had significantly lower 2-year EFS and OS rates than the group with negative CD56 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with AMKL tend to have a low remission rate and a poor prognosis. Positive immunophenotypic marker CD56, bone marrow cytology during early treatment response, and MRD results are important factors influencing the prognosis. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has no significant effect on the prognosis of AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 765-776, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reviving patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DOCs) has always been focused and challenging in medical research. Owing to the limited effectiveness of available medicine, recent research has increasingly turned towards neuromodulatory therapies, involving the stimulation of neural circuits. We summarised the progression of research regarding neuromodulatory therapies in the field of DOCs, compared the differences among different studies, in an attempt to explore optimal stimulation patterns and parameters, and analyzed the major limitations of the relevant studies to facilitate future research.@*METHODS@#We performed a search in the PubMed database, using the concepts of DOCs and neuromodulation. Inclusion criteria were: articles in English, published after 2002, and reporting clinical trials of neuromodulatory therapies in human patients with DOCs.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 187 published articles met the search criteria, and 60 articles met the inclusion criteria. There are differences among these studies regarding the clinical efficacies of neurostimulation techniques for patients with DOCs, and large-sample studies are still lacking.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neuromodulatory techniques were used as trial therapies for DOCs wherein their curative effects were controversial. The difficulties in detecting residual consciousness, the confounding effect between the natural course of the disease and therapeutic effect, and the heterogeneity across patients are the major limitations. Large-sample, well-designed studies, and innovations for both treatment and assessment are anticipated in future research.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Consciousness , Consciousness Disorders/therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
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