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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 834-843, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978752

ABSTRACT

Liposome nanomedicine is a new drug preparation with nano scale, which is encapsulated by lipid bilayer vesicle structure. As a drug delivery carrier, liposome has many advantages such as good biocompatibility, biodegradation in vivo and strong targeting. The application of liposome nano drug delivery system can improve the pharmacokinetic behavior and efficacy of some drugs in vivo to a certain extent, and reduce toxic and side effects. After liposome nanomedicine enter into the body, free drugs will be released, so there will be loaded drugs and free drugs in the body. Loaded drugs are drug repositories, free drugs are related to their efficacy and adverse reactions. Therefore, the pharmacokinetics study of liposomes should focus on both loaded drugs and free drugs. Quantitative analysis of free drugs, liposome particles and their materials is a big challenge. The bioanalysis and pharmacokinetics of liposome nanomedicines will be introduced and discussed in this review. We hope this review will provide a reference for the development of liposome nanomedicine.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1952-1962, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978670

ABSTRACT

A UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS based metabolomic approach combined with biochemical assay and histopathological inspection were employed to study the intervention effects of Suanzaoren Decoction (SZRD) on chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) depression rats, and to clarify the metabolic regulation pathway of SZRD. The rats were randomly divided into normal control group, CUMS model group, positive drug venlafaxine group, SZRD high (24 g·kg-1) and low (12 g·kg-1) dose groups, respectively. The CUMS model was replicated by subjecting to a variety of stimulus, such as thermal stimulation, ice water swimming, ultrasonic stimulation, tail clamping, day and night reversal, plantar electric shock and so on for rats. After oral administration of drugs for 28 days, the behavioral indexes of rats in each group were observed and the hippocampus and serum samples of rats were collected for biochemical assay and histopathological inspection. Compared with the CUMS model group, low dose and high dose SZRD groups can significantly reduce the immobility time of forced swimming (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), increase the sucrose preference rate (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), the number of crossings (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) and the number of uprights (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in the open field test, suggesting that SZRD can significantly improve the depression-like behavior of CUMS model rats. In addition, SZRD could significantly reduce the levels of serum IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α of CUMS model rats. A total of 21 differential metabolites in serum were identified by comparison with the data from the literature and databases. In addition, low-dose SZRD and high-dose SZRD improved the 8 and 11 perturbed potential serum biomarkers that were induced by CUMS, respectively, which related to alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid, tryptophan and arachidonic acid metabolism. This study provides a scientific basis for expanding the clinical indications of SZRD. This experiment was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University (Approval No. SXULL2020028).

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1431-1436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976265

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the protective effect and possible mechanism of baicalein on hypoxia-induced cortical neuron injury in rats. METHODS The cortical neurons of rats (RN-C cells) were studied and cultured under hypoxic conditions (5%CO2, 94% N2, 1%O2) for 24 hours; the effects of different concentrations of baicalein (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 μmol/L) on the survival rate of hypoxic RN-C cells were investigated; the effects of baicalein (0.1 μmol/L) on the activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), migration rate, apoptotic rate, cell cycle and the expressions of cleaved caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 X protein (Bax) were all detected. RESULTS Compared with control group, the survival rate of cells in the hypoxia group was significantly reduced (P<0.01); 0.01, 0.1 and 1 μmol/L baicalein could reverse survival rate of hypoxia-induced cortical neurons (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Scratch experiments showed that baicalein significantly increased the migration rate of hypoxic RN-C cells (P<0.01). Compared with control group, the activity of LDH in the supernatant and the content of MDA in the cells, apoptotic rate and the proportion of cells in G1 phase, were significantly increased in the hypoxia group, while SOD activity and the proportion of cells in G2+S phase was decreased significantly (P<0.01). The protein expressions of cleaved caspase-3 were increased significantly, while the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in cells was significantly reduced (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with hypoxia group, the above indexes were all reversed significantly in baicalein group (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Baicalein can promote the proliferation and migration of cortical neurons, improve hypoxia-induced cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution, decrease the activity of LDH in supernatant and the level of cellular lipid peroxidation, and improve antioxidant levels. Its mechanism may be related to regulating the caspase- 3/Bax/Bcl-2 pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 472-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973344

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of visual motion-induced brain-computer interface (BCI) technology on upper limb motor function and cognitive function of patients with stroke. MethodsFrom July, 2021 to March, 2022, 50 stroke patients with upper limb hand dysfunction in Shaanxi Provincial Rehabilitation Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 25) and experimental group (n = 25). Both groups received conventional rehabilitation therapy, in addition, the control group received passive rehabilitation training, and the experimental group received visual motion-induced BCI rehabilitation training, for two weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and after treatment. Brain participation was evaluated during the whole training process of the experimental group. ResultsBefore treatment, there was no difference in the scores of FMA-UE, MBI and MoCA between two groups (P > 0.05). Two weeks after treatment, the scores of FMA-UE, MBI and MoCA improved in both groups (t > 2.481, P < 0.001), and were better in the exprimental group than in the control group (t > 2.453, P < 0.05); the mean brain participation of the experimental group increased 21% after treatment. ConclusionVisual motion-induced BCI rehabilitation training could promote the recovery of motor function of upper limb, and cognitive function of patients with stroke.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 112-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973139

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate whether Jiedu Huoxue prescription can induce macrophage autophagy and inhibit inflammatory response to stabilize vulnerable plaques of atherosclerosis (AS) by regulating phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. MethodThirty ApoE-/- mice fed with high-fat diet were randomly assigned into model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (5.35, 10.7, and 21.4 g·kg-1·d-1, respectively) Jiedu Huoxue prescription (Chinese medicine), and rapamycin (2 mg·kg-1·d-1) groups. Six ApoE-/- mice fed with common diet were used as the control group, and 6 C57BL/6J mice fed with common diet as the blank group. The drugs or equal volume of normal saline were administrated by gavage after 7 weeks of modeling, and the treatment lasted for 4 weeks. The serum levels of lipids and inflammatory cytokines [monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)] were measured. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed to observe the pathological changes of the vascular wall of the aortic root. Immunohistochemistry was employed to detect the expression of macrophages/monocytes monoclonal antibody (MOMA-2) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Transmission electron microscopy was employed to count the autophagosomes in the aorta, and Western blot to determine the protein levels of Beclin-1, LC3, PI3K, Akt, and mTOR. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed elevated serum levels of lipids, MCP-1, and IL-6 (P<0.05), inhibited expression of MOMA-2 and α-SMA (P<0.05, P<0.01), up-regulated protein level of Beclin-1 (P<0.05), and down-regulated protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR (P<0.05, P<0.01). The model group presented obvious atherosclerotic plaques on the inner wall of the aorta, infiltration of inflammatory cells in the plaque, thickened and disarranged vascular intima where the plaque was attached, decreased autophagosomes and mitochondria, and destroyed mitochondrial structure. Chinese medicine and rapamycin groups showed lower levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, MCP-1, and IL-6 (P<0.05), higher level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P<0.05), inhibited expression of MOMA-2 and α-SMA (P<0.05, P<0.01), higher protein levels of Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ (P<0.05, P<0.01), and lower protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR (P<0.05, P<0.01) than the model group. Moreover, Chinese medicine and rapamycin groups showed only a small number of atherosclerotic plaques on the inner wall of the aorta, reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells and thickness of the blood vessel wall, and increased autophagosomes and autophagic lysosomes. ConclusionJiedu Huoxue prescription can improve lipid metabolism, enhance macrophage autophagy, and reduce AS-induced inflammation to improve the stability of vulnerable plaques in AS mice by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

6.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 209-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972333

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is one of the main causes of death in patients with paraquat (PQ) poisoning. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mitochondrial fission and oxidative stress in PQ-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and PF. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice and MLE-12 cells were exposed to PQ to construct a PF model in vivo and in vitro. Histological changes in the lungs were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Mitochondrial morphology was detected by MitoTracker® Deep Red FM or transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to determine the expression of protein. The migration ability of the cells was detected by the cell scratch test. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) levels were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to detect cytokine levels. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and the levels of glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected by chemichromatometry. RESULTS: PQ exposure caused EMT and PF in vivo and in vitro. PQ destroyed mitochondrial structure and enhanced the expression of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), which were accompanied by oxidative stress. Inhibiting mitochondrial fission using mitochondrial division inhibitor-1 (Mdivi-1), a selective inhibitor of Drp1, attenuated PQ-induced EMT and oxidative damage. Treatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, reduced Drp1 expression, attenuated mitochondrial structure damage and inhibited PQ-induced EMT and PF. Both Mdivi-1 and NAC treatment markedly suppressed mtDNA release, the expression of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) and phosphorylation (P)-NF-κB p65 as well as cytokines (interleukin 6 [IL-6], interleukin-1β [IL-1β], and tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α]) production. CONCLUSION: Mutual promotion of mitochondrial fission and oxidative stress contributes to EMT in PQ-induced PF, which is associated with the mtDNA/TLR9/NF-κB pathway.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 68-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971703

ABSTRACT

Pain is often debilitating, and current treatments are neither universally efficacious nor without risks. Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels offer alternative targets for pain relief, but little is known about the regulation or identities of endogenous TRP ligands that affect inflammation and pain. Here, transcriptomic and targeted lipidomic analysis of damaged tissue from the mouse spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced chronic pain model revealed a time-dependent increase in Cyp1b1 mRNA and a concurrent accumulation of 8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) and 19,20-EpDPA post injury. Production of 8,9-EET and 19,20-EpDPA by human/mouse CYP1B1 was confirmed in vitro, and 8,9-EET and 19,20-EpDPA selectively and dose-dependently sensitized and activated TRPA1 in overexpressing HEK-293 cells and Trpa1-expressing/AITC-responsive cultured mouse peptidergic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. TRPA1 activation by 8,9-EET and 19,20-EpDPA was attenuated by the antagonist A967079, and mouse TRPA1 was more responsive to 8,9-EET and 19,20-EpDPA than human TRPA1. This latter effect mapped to residues Y933, G939, and S921 of TRPA1. Intra-plantar injection of 19,20-EpDPA induced acute mechanical, but not thermal hypersensitivity in mice, which was also blocked by A967079. Similarly, Cyp1b1-knockout mice displayed a reduced chronic pain phenotype following SNL injury. These data suggest that manipulation of the CYP1B1-oxylipin-TRPA1 axis might have therapeutic benefit.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 85-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of CLEC5A expression level on cell proliferation, migration and invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and explore the role of CLEC5A in the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC.@*METHODS@#The expression level of CLEC5A was detected in 50 pairs of HCC and adjacent tissues using immunohistochemical staining, and its association with clinicopathological parameters of HCC patients was analyzed. Cultured HCC cell line SK-HEP-1 was transfected with a lentiviral vector overexpressing CLEC5A, and the transfection efficiency was verified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The changes in proliferation, migration and invasion abilities of the transfected cells were analyzed using CCK-8, 5-ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assays, and EMT of the cells was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The protein expression level of CLEC5A was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). The expression level of CLEC5A was significantly correlated with tumor size (P=0.008), tumor number (P=0.010), histological differentiation (P=0.016), microvascular invasion (P=0.024) and BCLC stage (P=0.040). In SK-HEP-1 cells, overexpression of CLEC5A obviously inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion and reversed EMT phenotype of the cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CLEC5A is a potential HCC suppressor gene and may serve as a promising therapeutic target for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Lectins, C-Type/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 146-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970254

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the epidemiology and hospitalization costs of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Shanghai. Methods: A retrospective case summary was conducted on 63 614 hospitalized children with CAP in 59 public hospitals in Shanghai from January 2018 to December 2020. These children's medical records, including their basic information, diagnosis, procedures, and costs, were extracted. According to the medical institutions they were admitted, the patients were divided into the children's hospital group, the tertiary general hospital group and the secondary hospital group; according to the age, they were divided into <1 year old group, 1-<3 years old group, 3-<6 years old group, 6-<12 years old group and 12-18 years old group; according to the CAP severity, they were divided into severe pneumonia group and non-severe pneumonia group; according to whether an operation was conducted, the patients were divided into the operation group and the non-operation group. The epidemiological characteristics and hospitalization costs were compared among the groups. The χ2 test or Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the comparisons between two groups as appropriate, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was conducted for comparisons among multiple groups. Results: A total of 63 614 hospitalized children with CAP were enrolled, including 34 243 males and 29 371 females. Their visiting age was 4 (2, 6) years. The length of stay was 6 (5, 8) days. There were 17 974 cases(28.3%) in the secondary hospital group, 35 331 cases (55.5%) in the tertiary general hospital group and 10 309 cases (16.2%) in the children's hospital group. Compared with the hospitalizations cases in 2018 (27 943), the cases in 2019 (29 009) increased by 3.8% (1 066/27 943), while sharply declined by 76.2% (21 281/27 943) in 2020 (6 662). There were significant differences in the proportion of patients from other provinces and severe pneumonia cases, and the hospitalization costs among the children's hospital, secondary hospital and tertiary general hospital (7 146 cases(69.3%) vs. 2 202 cases (12.3%) vs. 9 598 cases (27.2%), 6 929 cases (67.2%) vs. 2 270 cases (12.6%) vs. 9 397 cases (26.6%), 8 304 (6 261, 11 219) vs. 1 882 (1 304, 2 796) vs. 3 195 (2 364, 4 352) CNY, χ2=10 462.50, 9 702.26, 28 037.23, all P<0.001). The annual total hospitalization costs of pediatric CAP from 2018 to 2020 were 110 million CNY, 130 million CNY and 40 million CNY, respectively. And the cost for each hospitalization increased year by year, which was 2 940 (1 939, 4 438), 3 215 (2 126, 5 011) and 3 673 (2 274, 6 975) CNY, respectively. There were also significant differences in the hospitalization expenses in the different age groups of <1 year old, 1-<3 years old, 3-<6 years old, 6-<12 years old and 12-18 years old (5 941 (2 787, 9 247) vs. 2 793 (1 803, 4 336) vs. 3 013 (2 070, 4 329) vs. 3 473 (2 400, 5 097) vs. 4 290 (2 837, 7 314) CNY, χ2=3 462.39, P<0.001). The hospitalization cost of severe pneumonia was significantly higher than that of non-severe cases (5 076 (3 250, 8 364) vs. 2 685 (1 780, 3 843) CNY, Z=109.77, P<0.001). The cost of patients who received operation was significantly higher than that of whom did not (10 040 (4 583, 14 308) vs. 3 083 (2 025, 4 747) CNY, Z=44.46, P<0.001). Conclusions: The number of children hospitalized with CAP in Shanghai decreased significantly in 2020 was significantly lower than that in 2018 and 2019.The proportion of patients from other provinces and with severe pneumonia are mainly admitted in children's hospitals. Hospitalization costs are higher in children's hospitals, and also for children younger than 1 year old, severe cases and patients undergoing operations.


Subject(s)
Infant , Female , Male , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Community-Acquired Infections/therapy , Hospitals, Pediatric , Pneumonia/therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 283-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970205

ABSTRACT

Choledochal cyst is one of the most common congenital diseases in biliary tract system,which can affect children as well as adults. While the surgical management has markedly evolved in recent years,our understanding related to the nomenclature,diagnosis and classification of choledochal cysts remains to be inadequate. Anatomic variations and intrahepatic bile duct stricture are prone to be overlooked during surgery. Besides,it is still controversial in the treatment of intrapancreatic choledochal cyst and the extent of resection related to intrahepatic dilated bile ducts. Along with the advancement of laparoscopic or robot-assisted procedures,there is also an increased number of reoperations for patients with choledochal cyst,which underscores the importance of long-term biliary patency. This state-of-the-art review on choledochal cyst aims to further improve the diagnosis and treatment for this benign but intractable disease.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 349-354, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969641

ABSTRACT

Background Aedes albopictus is the dominant mosquito species in residential areas in Shanghai. There are many types of small containers with accumulated water in residential areas, providing a large number of breeding environments for Aedes alpopicuts and leading to an increasing transmission risk of mosquito-borne diseases. Objective To use random forest to predict breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in small aquatic container habitat in two concentrated reconstruction communities of rural areas in Shanghai, and to understand associated influence of environmental factors on the breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in the process of urbanization.Methods Small-scale habitat surveys of Aedes mosquitoes were carried out in two suburb concentrated reconstruction communities (Community A and B) in Shanghai, and the environment where the habitat was located was recorded and analyzed in both communities. The habitat where eggs, larvae, or pupae were found was recorded as positive. Spatial weight matrix was applied on a household basis, and global Moran's I index was used to carry out spatial autocorrelation analysis on the small-scale habitat and positive habitat in the environment of the two communities. When Moran's I is greater than 0, it means that the data present a positive spatial correlation; when Moran's I is less than 0, it means that the data are spatially negatively correlated; when Moran's I is 0, the spatial distribution is random. Combining the results of P and Z values, we explored the spatial distribution characteristics of small-scale habitat and positive habitat in the community environment. Random forest algorithm in machine learning was used to classify and sort environmental-related factors, and predict the breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in small aquatic habitat; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to carry out model fitting evaluation. Results The environmental factors including building location (χ2=23.35, P<0.001), open space (χ2=8.83, P=0.003), and having trees (χ2=11.02, P=0.001) had a significant impact on the positive rate of small-scale habitat. The results of spatial characteristics analysis showed that the global Moran's I index of small-scale habitat was −0.092 (Z=−1.09, P=0.274) in Community A and 0.034 (Z=0.52, P=0.602) in Community B, and the global Moran's I index of positive habitat was −0.092 (Z=−1.14, P=0.255) in Community A and 0.070 (Z=0.95, P=0.342) in Community B. Since the P values of Community A and B were greater than 0.1 and the Z values were between −1.65 and 1.65, for both small-scale habitat and positive habitat the spatial characteristics were randomly distributed and no significant spatial aggregation was found. In the fitted random forest algorithm classification prediction model with the top 10 characteristic factors of importance, the area under curve (AUC) value was 0.95, and the prediction fitting effect was satisfactory. The results of classification and sorting indicated that counts of household small-scale habitat and positive habitat were the most important factors for breeding. Conclusion The random forest model constructed by environmental factor indicators can be used to predict the breeding situation of Aedes mosquitoes in small-scale aquatic habitat, and provide a basis for scientific prevention and control of mosquito breeding for the target area.

12.
Intestinal Research ; : 110-125, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967011

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The safety and efficacy of filgotinib, a once-daily oral Janus kinase 1 preferential inhibitor, were evaluated in Japanese patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in the phase 2b/3 SELECTION trial. @*Methods@#SELECTION (NCT02914522) was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial comprising 2 induction studies and a maintenance study. Adults with moderately to severely active UC were randomized in induction study A (biologic-naïve) or B (biologic-experienced) to receive filgotinib 200 mg, 100 mg, or placebo once daily for 11 weeks. Patients in clinical remission or Mayo Clinic score response at week 10 entered the 47-week maintenance study. Efficacy and safety outcomes were assessed in Japanese patients enrolled in Japan. @*Results@#Overall, 37 and 72 Japanese patients were enrolled in Japan in induction studies A and B, respectively, and 54 entered the maintenance study. Numerically higher proportions of filgotinib 200 mg-treated than placebo-treated patients achieved clinical remission in induction study A (4/15 [26.7%] vs. 0/6 [0%]) and the maintenance study (5/20 [25.0%] vs. 0/9 [0%]), but not induction study B (1/29 [3.4%] vs. 1/14 [7.1%]). Both doses were well tolerated, and no new safety signals were noted. Herpes zoster was reported in 1 filgotinib 200 mg-treated patient in each of induction study A (2.3%, 1/44) and the maintenance study (5.0%, 1/20). @*Conclusions@#These data, alongside those of the overall SELECTION population, suggest the potential of filgotinib 200 mg as a viable treatment option for Japanese patients with UC. Owing to small patient numbers, data should be interpreted cautiously.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 550-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965610

ABSTRACT

Pro-inflammatory macrophages play key regulatory role in the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we constructed a celastrol (Cel)-loaded polyamide-amine dendrimer (PAMAM) drug delivery system, which could target folate receptor and mitochondria. It could target inflammatory macrophages and realize chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy. Using PAMAM as the nano-carrier, folate receptor-targeting group folic acid (FA) and mitochondria-targeting group IR808 (also known as the photothermal agent) were conjugated with PAMAM through amide reaction, and then complexed with anti-inflammatory drug Cel to prepare the FA-PAMAM-IR808/Cel nanocomplex. In vitro characterization results showed that the drug loading efficiency of the nanocomplex was 50.90%, particle size was between 130 and 160 nm, average potential was between 1.0 and 3.5 mV, the drug release showed pH sensitivity, temperature reached to 42.5 ℃ after near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation for 10 min. In vitro cellular uptake experiments showed that the nanocomplex had obvious folate receptor-targeting and mitochondria-targeting ability. Following irradiation with NIR light, the cytotoxicity and cellular apoptosis enhanced. The secretion of pro-inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and nitric oxide (NO) decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. This study provided insights for the development of novel anti-RA nanomedicines.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 546-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of da Vinci Xi surgical system assisted laparoscopic exocytosis for hepatic echinococcosis.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 7 patients who underwent da Vinci Xi surgical system assisted laparoscopic exocytosis for hepatic echinococcosis in Xinjiang Uiger Municipal People′s Hospital from October 2019 to July 2021 were collected. There were 3 males and 4 females, aged (43±12)years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) complications; (3) follow-up. Mea-surement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations. All 7 patients underwent da Vinci Xi surgical system assisted laparoscopic exocytosis for hepatic echinococcosis successfully, without conversion to laparotomy and laparoscopic surgery. None of the 7 patients underwent intraoperative blood transfusion and the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first and flatus, time to postoperative initial liquid food intake, time to postoperative abdominal drainage tube removal, time to postoperative urethral catheter removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay of 7 patients was (225±45)minutes, 100(range, 50-200)mL, (1.9±0.7)days, (4.2±1.2)days, (7±4)days, (2.9±0.8)days, (7±4)days, respectively. (2) Complications. None of the 7 patients had postoperative complications such as bile leakage, abdominal hemorrhage, incision infection, hydatid cavity infection, secondary operation, intestinal obstruction, pulmonary infection and deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. (3) Follow-up. All 7 patients were followed up for 7 (range, 3-12) months. None of the 7 patients had recurrence of hepatic echinococcosis or peritoneal implantation and incision implantation, and all patients survived during follow-up.Conclusion:da Vinci Xi surgical system assisted laparoscopic exocytosis for hepatic echinococcosis is safe and feasible.

15.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 353-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of early intratracheal drops of budesonide combined with pulmonary surfactant in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD).Methods:Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI and Wanfang database were searched from the establishment of library construction to February 2022.Literature selection, quality assessment and data extraction were conducted according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and Meta-analysis was performed on the included literature using Rev Man 5.3 software.Results:Nine randomised controlled studies were included in this study, with a total of 884 children, including 433 in the experimental group and 451 in the control group.The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of BPD between the two groups[ OR=0.40, 95% CI(0.29, 0.53), P<0.001], and there was no statistically significant difference in the morbidity between the two groups[ OR=0.65, 95% CI(0.34, 1.22), P=0.18]. The risks of retinopathy of prematurity[ OR=0.42, 95% CI(0.54, 1.28), P=0.40], patent ductus arteriosus[ OR=0.79, 95% CI(0.57, 1.10), P=0.17], intracranial hemorrhage[ OR=1.09, 95% CI(0.77, 1.53), P=0.63], necrotizing enterocolitis[ OR=0.89, 95% CI(0.55, 1.44), P=0.64], and neonatal septicemia[ OR=0.73, 95% CI(0.49, 1.08), P=0.11] occurred in the experimental group had no statistically significant differences compared to the control group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Early postnatal intratracheal drops of budesonide combined with pulmonary surfactant can significantly reduce the incidence of BPD, and has no significant effect on mortality or short-term complications.

16.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 194-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the outcomes and post-discharge follow-up of neonatal tracheotomy in neonatal intensive care unit(NICU).Methods:This study included patients who were admitted to NICU in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January, 2016 to August, 2021, and less than 28 days or 44 weeks(corrected age)on admission, and required tracheotomy.The patients were divided into tracheotomy group and the non-tracheotomy group (the parents signed to refuse the tracheotomy) according to whether perform tracheotomy.Demographic data, general hospitalization information, diagnosis, indications for tracheotomy, follow-up outcomes at 3/6/12 months of age after discharge of patients were collected and analyzed.Results:Totally 26 patients were included in this study, 14 cases in tracheotomy group and 12 cases in non-tracheotomy group.The average gestational age was(37.7±3.80)weeks and(38.99±1.83)weeks, and birth weight was(2 823.57±948.89)g and (3 320.83±378.76)g, respectively.There were no significant differences in sex, gestational age, birth weight, age on admission, weight on admission, age at diagnosis, ratio of endotracheal intubation for respiratory support on admission between two groups( P>0.05). The commonest indications of tracheotomy group were bilateral vocal cord paralysis(50.0%) and congenital anomaly/defect of throat/larynx(21.4%), and the commonest indications of non-tracheotomy group were bilateral vocal cord paralysis(50.0%) and vocal cord/subglottic mass(25.0%), and there was no significant difference between two groups( P>0.05). The rate of discharge-against-medical order of tracheotomy and non-tracheotomy group was 7.14% and 66.67%( P=0.003), respectively.The total follow-up rate of tracheotomy and non-tracheotomy group was 88.9% and 38.9%, while the follow-up rates at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months were 100.0% vs. 50.0%, 83.3% vs. 41.7%, and 81.8% vs. 25.0%, respectively, whose differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). In the 14 cases of tracheotomy group, 3 cases died, 4 cases successfully removed the tracheal cannula, 5 cases did not remove the tracheal cannula, and 2 cases were lost. Conclusion:Bilateral vocal cord paralysis is the commonest indication of neonatal tracheotomy.Parents′ compliance in the tracheotomy group is significantly higher than that in non-tracheotomy group.To give caring skill training for parents of neonates with tracheotomy before discharge is beneficial for improving the overall prognosis of children.

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Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1695-1702, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct the training program system for hospice care volunteers and provide reference for the training of hospice care volunteers in China.Methods:The training program system for hospice care volunteers was initially determined by using the method of literature analysis and investigation, and 16 experts were consulted by two rounds of letters using the method of expert inquiry from May to July 2022, and finally the training program system was established.Results:The effective recovery rate of the two rounds of expert consultation questionnaire was 100%, the expert authority coefficient was 0.88, and the Kendall coordination coefficient was 0.141, 0.131 (both P<0.05). The final training program system for hospice care volunteers contained 7 first-class indicators including training objectives, training objects, training contents, training methods, training hours, training resources and training evaluation, 27 second-class indicators and 92 third-class indicators. Conclusions:The training program system for hospice care volunteers constructed in this study has high reliability and scientificity, and has a good guiding role and reference value for the training of hospice care volunteers.

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International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 898-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989716

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Objective:To re-evaluate the reliability of the conclusions of the systematic reviews (SR)/meta-analysis (MA) of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:CNKI, CBM, WanFang Data, VIP, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched from the establishment of the database to March 30, 2022. Two researchers independently screened literature and extracted data, and included SRs/MAs in the treatment of FD with TCM. The AMSTAR 2 and GRADE tools were used to evaluate the included the study carried out methodological quality evaluation, outcome evidence quality grading, and descriptive analysis of the main outcome.Results:A total of 28 SRs/MAs were included, with 34 outcome indicators. According to the AMSTAR 2 evaluation results, 21 SRs/MAs were of medium quality, and 7 SRs/MAs were of low quality. The GRADE quality of evidence grading results showed that of the 100 evidence bodies, 13 were of high quality, 58 were of moderate quality, 24 were of low quality, and 5 were of very low quality.Conclusion:TCM in the treatment of FD can improve the clinical efficiency, improve the cure rate, reduce the recurrence rate, and improve the clinical symptoms, but the methodological quality and evidence quality of related SRs/MAs have certain defects, so this conclusion should be treated with caution.

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International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 220-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the medication law of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) patent compounds for Alzheimer disease (AD) by using data mining method.Methods:The TCM compounds for the treatment of AD in the patent database were screened, and the frequency, clustering and association analysis were carried out with the help of TCM inheritance calculation platform, SPSS Statistics 21.0 and SPSS Modeler 18.0 software. The medication law was analyzed.Results:A total of 220 patent compounds were included, involving 361 kinds of Chinese materia medica; the top 10 high-frequency drugs were Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma, Polygalae Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Lycii Fructus, Poria, Rehmanniae Radix PraeparataAngelicae Sinensis Radix, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma; the most frequently used drugs were drugs for tonifying deficiency and promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis; most of their properties belonged to warm, mild and cold; the tastes were mainly sweet, bitter and pungent; the meridians belonged to the five internal organs. 16 items of association data (4 combinations of two items and 12 combinations of three items) were obtained by association rule analysis, and the strongest correlation group was " Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma- Polygalae Radix" and " Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma- Polygalae Radix". Cluster analysis showed four prescription combinations and three pairs of drug compatibility, including the addition and subtraction structure of Kaixin Powder, Zuogui Pill, Bazhen decoction and so on. Conclusion:The core treatment principle of TCM patent compound treatment of AD is regulating and tonifying the five internal organs to treat its root, resolving phlegm and removing blood stasis to treat the symptoms, which accords with the theoretical basis of TCM in the treatment of AD, and can provide reference for clinical practice and new drug research and development.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase like 2 (HSDL2) in rectal cancer tissues and the effect of changes in HSDL2 expression level on proliferation of rectal cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and tissue samples of 90 patients with rectal cancer admitted to our hospital from January 2020 to June 2022 were collected from the prospective clinical database and biological specimen database. The expression level of HSDL2 in rectal cancer and adjacent tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry, and based on the median level of HSDL2 expression, the patients were divided into high expression group (n=45) and low expression group (n=45) for analysis the correlation between HSDL2 expression level and the clinicopathological parameters. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed to explore the role of HSDL2 in rectal cancer progression. The effects of changes in HSDL2 expression levels on rectal cancer cell proliferation, cell cycle and protein expressions were investigated in SW480 cells with lentivirus-mediated HSDL2 silencing or HSDL2 overexpression using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of HSDL2 and Ki67 were significantly higher in rectal cancer tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the expression of HSDL2 protein was positively correlated with Ki67, CEA and CA19-9 expressions (P < 0.01). The rectal cancer patients with high HSDL2 expressions had significantly higher likelihood of having CEA ≥5 μg/L, CA19-9 ≥37 kU/L, T3-4 stage, and N2-3 stage than those with a low HSDL2 expression (P < 0.05). GO and KEGG analysis showed that HSDL2 was mainly enriched in DNA replication and cell cycle. In SW480 cells, HSDL2 overexpression significantly promoted cell proliferation, increased cell percentage in S phase, and enhanced the expression levels of CDK6 and cyclinD1 (P < 0.05), and HSDL2 silencing produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The high expression of HSDL2 in rectal cancer participates in malignant progression of the tumor by promoting the proliferation and cell cycle progress of the cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Prospective Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Rectal Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Cycle , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases/metabolism
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