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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 776-780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986211

ABSTRACT

Type II innate lymphoid cell (ILC2) is a newly identified innate immunological cell that belongs to the lymphocyte lineage in cell morphology, resides in the body's mucosal tissues, and has the dual functions of innate and adaptive immunity to promote tissue remodeling and repair after injury. Additionally, it is involved in the occurrence and development of a variety of liver diseases and plays an important role in maintaining the immunological homeostasis of the liver region. This article reviews the differentiation, development, and biological functions of ILC2, with particular attention to the research progress in liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Cell Differentiation , Liver Diseases
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 46-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973131

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Tongxie Yaofang on the immune microenvironment of colorectal cancer in mice under chronic stress and the underlying mechanism. MethodA total of 40 male SPF BABL/C mice were randomized into normal group, stress group, Tongxie Yaofang group (13.65 g·kg-1), and Tongxie Yaofang-stress group (13.65 g·kg-1), with 10 in each group. Chronic restraint stress was induced in mice and administration (ig) of Tongxie Yaofang began after 7 days of stress. On the 14th day, forced swim and tail suspension tests were used to examine the behavioral changes of mice after stress and the subcutaneous colorectal tumor was implanted in each group of mice. The effect of this prescription on the body mass and tumor volume of mice was observed. After the last administration, mouse serum and tumor samples were collected. The content of T lymphocytes (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+) in tumor was detected by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry and levels of corticosterone (CORT) in peripheral blood, and interleukin (IL)-2, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-6, and IL-10 in the serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expression of inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB(IκB) kinase α/β (IKKα/β), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)α (IκBα), NF-κB p65, and phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65 was measured by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the stress group had large tumor volume (P<0.05), low content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.05, P<0.01), high content of CD8+, low content of T helper 1 (Th1)-secreted IFN-γ (P<0.05), high content of T helper 2 (Th2)-secreted IL-10 (P<0.05) and CORT (P<0.05), high protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05), and low protein expression of IκBα (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the Tongxie Yaofang group showed slow tumor growth, high content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.01), low content of CD8+ (P<0.05), high content of Th1-secreted IL-2 and IFN-γ (P<0.05), low content of Th2-secreted IL-6 and IL-10 (P<0.05), low content of CORT, low protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05), and high protein expression of IκBα (P<0.01). Tongxie Yaofang-stress group demonstrated slower tumor growth, higher content of CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ (P<0.01), smaller content of CD8+ (P<0.05), higher content of IL-2 and IFN-γ (P<0.05), lower content of IL-6, IL-10 (P<0.05), and CORT (P<0.05), lower protein expression of p-NF-κB p65, NF-κB p65, and IKKα/β (P<0.05,P<0.01), and higher protein expression of IκBα (P<0.01) than the stress group. ConclusionTongxie Yaofang can delay the growth of colorectal cancer under chronic stress and alleviate the deterioration of the immune microenvironment, possibly by inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway, regulating the function of T lymphocyte subsets, and thus suppressing the secretion of pro-inflammatory factors.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 335-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic radical anterograde modular pancreatosplenectomy (Lap-RAMPS).Methods:From Jan 2014 to Dec 2020, the clinical data of 83 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection for pancreatic tail cancer in LiHuili Hospital of Ningbo Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eighty-three cases were divided into Lap-RAMPS group (44 cases) and laparoscopic conventional distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy(Lap-CDP) group (39 cases). There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery [(245.34±70.30) min vs. (239.87±68.10) min], intraoperative blood lose [(159.32±115.60) ml vs. (208.97±161.70) ml] and intraoperative transfusions (2 cases vs. 3 cases) between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were no statistical significance in both groups in postoperative pancreatic fistula, postoperative bleeding grade, postoperative gastric emptying delay, Clavien-Dindo complication and postoperative hospital stay ( P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the negative margin rate (93.2% vs. 76.9%),lymph node harvest(12.91±8.24 vs. 8.49±6.85) and median survival time (25.0 months vs. 15.0 months) between the two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Lap-RAMPS for pancreatic tail cancer is safe and feasible, increasing the negative rate of pancreatic margins, improving the lymph node harvest, and prolonging patients' survival time.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 617-624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the different patterns of brain structural abnormalities in patients with delayed neuromyelitis optica pedigree disease (LO-NMOSD) and its relationship with clinical neuropsychological scale score based on the quantitative analysis of three-dimensional (3D) brain structure MRI.Methods:Patients with neuromyelitis optica pedigree disease in remission (NMOSD group) who received treatment at Jilin University First Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were prospectively included and divided into LO-NMOSD subgroup and early-onset NMOSD (EO-NMOSD) subgroup according to whether the age of first onset was>50 years. Another age-and sex-matched healthy volunteers with NMOSD patients were recruited as the control group. 3D brain T 1WI and T 2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence imaging were acquired, and clinical data, neuropsychological scores of all subjects were analyzed. Total gray matter volume (GMV), cerebral gray matter fraction (GMF), cerebral white matter fraction (WMF), and cerebral white matter high signal fraction (WMHF) were obtained by quantitative analysis of MRI data using voxel-based morphology and lesion segmentation tool techniques. Analysis of covariance was used to compare the differences in brain structure between LO-NMOSD subgroup and EO-NMOSD subgroup, NMOSD group and control group. Partial correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between GMF, WMHF and patient clinical data, neuropsychological scale scores, and the correlation between WMHF and GMF, WMF. Results:There were 47 cases in the NMOSD group, including 7 males and 40 females aged 18-66 years. Among them, there were 20 cases in the LO-NMOSD subgroup and 27 cases in the EO-NMODS subgroup. The control group consisted of 50 individuals (13 males and 37 females, aged 18 to 77 years). Compared with the control group, the GMV of the right caudate nucleus in the LO-NMOSD group was reduced ( t=3.33, P<0.05), and the GMV of multiple brain regions in the bilateral frontal and temporal lobes in the EO-NMOSD group was reduced considerably (FDR corrected, P<0.05), which was consistent with the NMOSD group. After adjusting for age, there was no statistically significant difference in WMHF between the LO-NMOSD and EO-NMOSD groups ( F=0.22, P=0.644). The LO-NMOSD subgroup showed a negative correlation between global GMF and the extended disability status scale (EDSS) score ( r=-0.53, P=0.025). WMHF in the NMOSD group was positively correlated with annual recurrence rate and EDSS ( r=0.35 and 0.35, respectively, and P=0.017 and 0.018, respectively), while other indicators were not correlated ( P>0.05). The EO-NMOSD subgroup WMHF showed a negative correlation with GMF and WMF ( r=-0.76, -0.70, respectively, P<0.001). The NMOSD group showed a negative correlation between WMHF and GMF, WMF ( r=-0.38, -0.55, respectively, P<0.05). There was no correlation between WMHF and GMF, WMF in the LO-NMOSD subgroup ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The extent and location of gray matter atrophy in patients with LO-NMOSD are different from those of EO-NMOSD. The correlation between WMHF and brain structural changes and clinical data is different between the two groups of patients. These suggest that LO-NMOSD patients may have different patterns of brain structural damage.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 828-833, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between the level of serum homocysteine (Hcy) and the antisense non coding gene (ANRIL) of long chain non coding RNA (lncRNA) cell cycle dependent kinase inhibitor 2B gene, and the effect on Atherosclerosis inflammation, that is, the expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC).Methods:HUVEC was cultured in vitro and cells were treated with different concentration gradients (blank control group, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 mmol/L) of Hcy. The expression level of lncRNA ANRIL was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of MCP-1 and IL-10. LipoFilter transfection reagents were used to transfect shANRIL and shNC into different cells, respectively. In the above experiment, the optimal Hcy concentration (5.0 mmol/L) was selected for intervention for 24 hours. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of MCP-1 and IL-10.Results:After 24 hours of intervention with different concentrations of Hcy in HUVEC, Hcy significantly damaged endothelial cells, and the higher the Hcy concentration, the more severe the cell damage. Compared with the blank control group, the Hcy intervention group showed an increase in lncRNA ANRIL and MCP-1, while IL-10 decreased (all P<0.05); As the concentration of Hcy intervention increases, IL-10 decreases, while lncRNA ANRIL and MCP-1 increased (all P<0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the Hcy group, the shNC+ Hcy group, and the shANRIL+ Hcy group had lower levels of IL-10 protein expression and higher levels of MCP-1 protein expression (all P<0.05). Compared with the shANRIL+ Hcy group, the Hcy group and the shNC+ Hcy group had lower levels of IL-10 protein expression and higher levels of MCP-1 protein expression (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the expression levels of IL-10 protein and MCP-1 protein between the shNC+ Hcy group and the Hcy group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Hcy upregulates MCP-1 expression and downregulates IL-10 expression by promoting lncRNA ANRIL expression. Thus, it can promote cellular inflammatory reaction and participate in Atherosclerosis.

6.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 340-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987344

ABSTRACT

BackgroundChronic superficial gastritis (CSG) is a common clinical disease in children. The emotional behavior of CSG children is susceptible due to them suffering from such disease at young age. ObjectiveTo explore the impact of coping strategies on emotional behavior and the effect of family function in children with CSG, and to provide references for clinical intervention in CSG children with emotional behavior problems. MethodsA total of 177 children with CSG admitted to Anhui Children's Hospital from June 2019 to January 2023 were selected as the research subjects. Investigation on family function, emotional and behavioral problems and coping strategies of children was conducted by employing the Family APGAR index (APGAR), the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ). The structural equation model was used to test the mediating effect of family function between coping strategies and emotional behaviors. ResultsThe APGAR score was negatively correlated with both SDQ score and negative coping strategies score (r=-0.507, -0.551, P<0.01), but was positively correlated with positive coping strategy score (r=0.579, P<0.01). The positive coping strategy score was negatively correlated with SDQ score (r=-0.539, P<0.01), while the negative coping strategy score was positively correlated with SDQ score (r=0.543, P<0.01). The result showed that family function played a partial mediating role between positive coping strategies and emotional behavior [indirect effect was -0.133 (95% CI: -0.256~-0.079, P<0.01), accounting for 29.40% of the total effect]. The same mediating effect happened between negative coping strategies and emotional behavior [indirect effect was 0.093 (95% CI: 0.198~0.045, P<0.01), accounting for 28.50% of the total effect]. ConclusionCoping strategies of CSG children can affect emotional behavior directly and indirectly with family function playing a partial intermediary effect.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2193-2202, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981350

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effect of tryptanthrin on potential metabolic biomarkers in the serum of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) and predict the related metabolic pathways. C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned into a tryptanthrin group, a sulfasalazine group, a control group, and a model group. The mouse model of UC was established by free drinking of 3% DSS solution for 11 days, and corresponding drugs were adminsitrated at the same time. The signs of mice were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) score was recorded from the first day. Colon tissue samples were collected after the experiment and observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The levels of interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-10(IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-8(IL-8) in the serum were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The serum samples were collected from 6 mice in each group for widely targeted metabolomics. The metabolic pathways were enriched by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that compared with the model group, tryptanthrin treatment decreased the DAI score(P<0.05), alleviated the injury of the colon tissue and the infiltration of inflammatory cells, lowered the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, and elevated the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines in the serum. The metabolomic analysis revealed 28 differential metabolites which were involved in 3 metabolic pathways including purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. Tryptanthrin may restore the metabolism of the mice with UC induced by DSS to the normal level by regulating the purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. This study employed metabolomics to analyze the mechanism of tryptanthrin in the treatment of UC, providing an experimental basis for the utilization and development of tryptanthrin.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Tryptophan , Arachidonic Acid/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Colon , Cytokines/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Metabolomics , Purines/therapeutic use , Dextran Sulfate/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Colitis/chemically induced
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1634-1640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978724

ABSTRACT

A variety of full 2ʹ-F/OMe-modified siRNAs were designed and synthesized, and the activity against hepatocellular carcinoma Huh-7 and HepG2 cells was evaluated. K&A DNA/RNA H-8 synthesizer was used to synthesize siRNAs, and neutral cytidinyl lipid DNCA mixed with cationic lipid CLD were used to transfect siRNA. By RT-qPCR and CCK-8 assay, the target gene silence and the proliferation of Huh-7 and HepG2 cells were detected. The siRNAs loading into Ago2 protein was detected by RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation. Drug uptake and cell apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry, and the expression of PLK1 protein was detected by Western blot. Partial full 2ʹ-F/OMe modified siRNAs, especial siPLK1A3, increased the uptake of Huh-7 cells, enhanced their binding to Ago2 and gene silencing activity, down-regulated PLK1 protein, as well as induced more Huh-7 cell apoptosis and proliferation inhibition activity. It provides important data for the development of novel siRNA modification patterns and anti-HCC formulations.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1007-1011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973795

ABSTRACT

In recent years, ophthalmology, as one of the medical fields highly dependent on auxiliary imaging, has been at the forefront of the application of deep learning algorithm. The morphological changes of the choroid are closely related to the occurrence, development, treatment and prognosis of fundus diseases. The rapid development of optical coherence tomography has greatly promoted the accurate analysis of choroidal morphology and structure. Choroidal segmentation and related analysis are crucial for determining the pathogenesis and treatment strategies of eye diseases. However, currently, choroidal mainly relies on tedious, time-consuming, and low-reproducibility manual segmentation. To overcome these difficulties, deep learning methods for choroidal segmentation have been developed in recent years, greatly improving the accuracy and efficiency of choroidal segmentation. The purpose of this paper is to review the features of choroidal thickness in different eye diseases, explore the latest applications and advantages of deep learning models in measuring choroidal thickness, and focus on the challenges faced by deep learning models.

10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 179-183, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971024

ABSTRACT

Management and treatment of terminal metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) remains heavily debated. We sought to investigate the efficacy of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor plus anlotinib as a potential solution for terminal mCRPC and further evaluate the association of genomic characteristics with efficacy outcomes. We conducted a retrospective real-world study of 25 mCRPC patients who received PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib after the progression to standard treatments. The clinical information was extracted from the electronic medical records and 22 patients had targeted circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) next-generation sequencing. Statistical analysis showed that 6 (24.0%) patients experienced prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and 11 (44.0%) patients experienced PSA reduction. The relationship between ctDNA findings and outcomes was also analyzed. DNA-damage repair (DDR) pathways and homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway defects indicated a comparatively longer PSA-progression-free survival (PSA-PFS; 2.5 months vs 1.2 months, P = 0.027; 3.3 months vs 1.2 months, P = 0.017; respectively). This study introduces the PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib as a late-line therapeutic strategy for terminal mCRPC. PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib may be a new treatment choice for terminal mCRPC patients with DDR or HRR pathway defects and requires further investigation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Treatment Outcome , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 895-900, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the multimodal imaging characteristics of the eyes in patients with presumed tuberculous retinal vasculitis.Methods:A retrospective case series study. A total of 15 patients (22 eyes) diagnosed with presumed tuberculous retinal vasculitis and receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) effectively in Department of Ophthalmology, Subei People's Hospital Affiliated to Yangzhou University from January 2018 to April 2021 were included. Among them, there were 5 males and 10 females. Seven had bilateral involvement and 8 had unilateral involvement. The age was 49.3±11.1 years old. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus colour photography, wide-angle fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed in all patients. Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was performed in 7 eyes. The BCVA examination was performed with the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithm of minimal angel resolution vision (logMAR). Systemic tuberculosis-related examinations included chest CT, serum T-spot, purified protein derivative and other tuberculosis-related tests. All patients were treated with systemic anti-tuberculosis therapy. The follow-up time was >12 months. The multimodal imaging characteristics for affected eyes. Nonparametric test was used to compare BCVA before and after treatment.Results:The retinal vessels of all the affected eyes were tortuously dilated, including 3 eyes with vascular white scabbard, 5 eyes with scattered bleeding point at the retina inculding 3 eyes walking along the vessels. The lesions were mainly distributed in the middle and periphery of the retina, and some of them involved the posterior pole; 12 eyes (54.5%, 12/22) with simple retinal vasculitis and 10 eyes (45.5%, 10/22) with retinal vasculitis complicated with choroiditis. Tuberculous retinal vasculitis showed different degrees of retinal vascular leakage on FFA, mainly retinal vein and capillary leakage, not involving arteries; 16 eyes (72.7%, 16/22) of retinal vasculitis showed peripheral occlusive retinal vasculitis and 4 eyes (18.2%, 4/22) were associated with retinal neovascularization. In 10 eyes with choroiditis, there were multiple focal choroiditis lesions of different sizes under the retina. Of the 7 eyes examined by ICGA, the choroidal inflammatory lesions showed hypofluorescent dark dots (HDD) in 5 eyes (71.4%,5/7), showing HDDs of different sizes, most of which were distributed in the posterior pole and middle periphery. In 10 eyes with retinal vasculitis complicated with choroiditis after ATT, the accumulation of hyper-reflective substances above and below the retinal pigment epithelium layer of the retina was gradually absorbed, but not completely disappeared, and most of the disorders of retinal structure could not be recovered. The average logMAR visual acuity was 0.61±0.57 before treatment and 0.36±0.55 after treatment. The BCVA after treatment was significantly higher than that before treatment ( Z=-3.102, P<0.01). Conclusions:Peripheral occlusive retinal vasculitis is the most common manifestation of tuberculous retinal vasculitis in FFA, which may be accompanied by focal choroidal inflammatory lesions. Wide-angle FFA and ICGA are more important in the diagnosis of tuberculous retinal vasculitis. OCT can be used for monitoring the changes of inflammation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 518-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the positive surgical margin and clinical factors such as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) in high-risk patients with prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 164 patients with high-risk prostate cancer being performed RARP by one surgeon were analyzed retrospectively in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2022. The mean patient’s age was (65.3±6.2) years old, mean body mass index (BMI) was (25.6±3.0) kg/m 2, the median value of total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) before operation was 18.6(11.3, 31.3)ng/ml, the median value of Gleason score before operation was 7 (7, 8), the median value of prostate volume was 29.3 (22.4, 40.2) ml, and the clinical stage was T 2aN 0M 0-T 4N 0M 0. 80 patients with prostate cancer were treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. All of them were treated with complete androgen blockade with a median course of 3 months. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, BMI, prostate volume, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA, clinical stage, Gleason score before operation and positive surgical margin. Then multivariate logistic regression was used to further analyze the independent risk factor of positive surgical margin after RARP. Results:The postoperative pathological diagnosis included pT 2 stage in 111 cases (67.7%), pT 3a stage in 15 cases (9.1%), pT 3b stage in 25 cases (15.2%), pT 4 stage in 13 cases (7.9%). No lymph node metastasis was noticed in all patients. The Gleason scores included 6 in 11 cases (6.7%), 3+ 4 in 26 cases (15.9%), 4+ 3 in 36 cases (22.0%), 8 in 17 cases (10.4%), 9-10 in 24 cases (14.6%), un-evaluation due to endocrine therapy in 50 (30.5%). The positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer was 44.5% (73/164). Univariate analysis showed that the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, tPSA and clinical stage were correlated with positive surgical margin ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer. Stratified analysis showed that when the preoperative tPSA was 10-20 ng/ml(21.1% vs.55.9%, P=0.014), the clinical stage was T 2c(29.6% vs.49.1%, P=0.040), the Gleason score before operation was 7(19.4% vs.54.1%, P=0.003), the positive surgical margin of high-risk patients in the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group was significantly lower than that in the non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20 ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of RARP in the high-risk patients with prostate cancer. For high-risk patients with preoperative tPSA of 10-20 ng/ml, clinical stage of T 2c and Gleason score before operation of 7, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has important clinical significance in reducing the positive surgical margin of RARP.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 419-424, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of curcumin on viability of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and analyze its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#In cell lines of A498 and 786-O, the effects of curcumin (1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 μ mol/L) on the viability of ccRCC were analyzed at 24, 48 and 72 h by MTT assay. The protein expression levels of ADAMTS18 gene, p65, phosphorylation p65 (pp65), AKT, phosphorylation AKT (pAKT) and matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP-2) before and after curcumin (10 μ mol/L) treatment were examined by Western blotting. Real-time PCR and methylation specific PCR (MSP) were applied to analyze the expression and methylation level of ADAMTS18 gene before and after curcumin treatment (10 μ mol/L).@*RESULTS@#Curcumin significantly inhibited the viability of A498 and 786-O cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P<0.01). Up-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene expression with down-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene methylation was reflected after curcumin treatment, accompanied by down-regulation of nuclear factor κ B (NF-κ kB) related protein (p65 and pp65), AKT related protein (AKT and pAKT), and NF-κ B/AKT common related protein MMP-2. With ADAMTS18 gene overexpressed, the expression levels of p65, AKT and MMP2 were downregulated, of which were conversely up-regulated in silenced ADAMTS18 (sh-ADAMTS18). The expression of pp65, pAKT and MMP2 in sh-ADAMTS18 was down-regulated after being treated with PDTC (NF-κ B inhibitor) and LY294002 (AKT inhibitor).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Curcumin could inhibit the viability of ccRCC by down-regulating ADAMTS18 gene methylation though NF-κ B and AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , ADAMTS Proteins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 712-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976109

ABSTRACT

@#A diving decompression procedure is a specific rule that divers should follow when they ascend and get out of water. It comes from the decompression theory and algorithm and is designed for the prevention of decompression sickness. With the , , development of diving technology and diving medicine the decompression procedures are constantly innovated and the new , decompression procedure can be used in diving practice after safety verification. In principle the safety verification of , decompression procedures should be conducted on animal experiments before human experiments and the risks of , decompression sickness and oxygen toxicity should be systematically assessed. However the assessment methods used in , , , different studies differ greatly thus it is urgent to establish a standard and universal verification system. Traditionally the risk , , assessment of decompression sickness and oxygen toxicity is mainly carried out by observing the incidence detecting bubbles , theoretical calculation and lung functional test. Furthermore biochemical indicators are increasingly becoming important , , supplements. Due to the special underwater environment the diving operation is prone to accidents. Therefore in addition to , verifying the safety of the new decompression procedure exploring its safety decompression limit is of great significance for the formulation of emergency decompression procedures in emergency situations. The specific approach is to shorten the decompression time and assess the safety until the critical time for detecting bubbles without the occurrence of decompression , , sickness is found. Future studies should continue to optimize safety assessment methods explore sensitive biochemical markers , clarify species associations and improve verification efficiency and reliability of results.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 424-430, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935406

ABSTRACT

Health impact assessment (HIA) system has been listed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan and the Law of Basic Health Care and Health Promotion of the People's Republic of China, however, the technique guideline of HIA needs to be established and improved. This paper summarizes the applications of different epidemiological methods in HIA and focus on the introduction of the application of ecology model of health social determinants as theory basis in the establishment of HIA system along with the introduction of HIA cases in the world. The applications of epidemiological methods in domestic HIA research are limited. Therefore, appropriate applications of epidemiological methods should be strengthened in HIA guideline and system development, especially the applications of big health data, mobile health techniques, systems epidemiology and implementation science, to facilitate data collection and potential health hazard evaluation and surveillance for HIA, establishment and improvement of HIA system and the implementation of Healthy China Strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Health Impact Assessment , Health Promotion
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 437-442, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935304

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the virulence gene and drug resistance profile of Shigella sonnei outbreak in Huainan city, and conduct pathogenic traceability analysis. Methods: Water samples and feces related to an infectious diarrhea outbreak in Huainan city in August 2020 were collected for multiple pathogen detection. Virulence gene, drug sensitivity, pulse-field gel electrophoresis and whole genome sequencing of Shigella isolates were analyzed respectively. Results: 38 strains of Shigella sonnei were detected in 56 samples of mucilage feces with a positive rate 67.86%, and all serotypes were Shigella sonnei Phase I. Three strains of Shigella sonnei were detected by fluorescence PCR in the Gram-negative (GN) bacterial enrichment solution of terminal water and well water. Virulence genes were ipaH positive (38), ipaH/ial (31) and ipaH/ial/sen positive (1), respectively. The drug resistance spectrum showed that 9 of 14 antibiotics were 100% resistant, and only imipenem, chloramphenicol, ceftazidime and ciprofloxacin were effective drugs. XbaⅠ restriction enzyme map type of 36 isolates was completely consistent, and the ST type analysis of 3 strains was ST152. Whole genome sequencing and analysis verified that the outbreak was caused by a single clonal group of strains, and revealed that the isolates of the outbreak were clustered into a large cluster with 3 Chinese strains and 1 Korean strain in the database, far away from the strains of other countries. Conclusion: The outbreak is caused by a single clone of Shigella sonnei, which are low virulence strains and have multiple drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Outbreaks , Dysentery, Bacillary/microbiology , Shigella , Shigella sonnei/genetics , Water/pharmacology
17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 416-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935230

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the actual efficacy of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explore potential prognostic predictive biomarkers. Methods: Patients with metastatic NSCLC who were treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2016 to December 2019, either as monotherapy or in combination with other agents, were consecutively enrolled into this study. We retrospectively collected the data of demographics, clinical information and pathologic assessment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and conduct the survival analysis. Major endpoint of our study is progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints include objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and overall survival (OS). Results: The ORR of 174 patients who underwent PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor was 28.7%, and the DCR was 79.3%. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) occurred in 23 patients (13.2%). Brain metastasis, line of treatment, and treatment patterns were associated with the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P<0.05). After a median follow-up duration of 18.8 months, the median PFS was 10.5 months (ranged from 1.5 to 40.8 months) while the median OS was not reached. The 2-year survival rate was estimated to be 63.0%. The pathologic type was related with the PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (P=0.028). Sex, age, brain metastasis and autoimmune diseases were associated with OS (P<0.05). Analysis of the receptor characteristic curve (ROC) of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicting ORR of immunotherapy in metastatic NSCLC showed that the areas under the curve of NLR before immunotherapy (NLR(C0)), NLR after one cycle of immunotherapy (NLR(C1)) and ΔNLR were 0.600, 0.706 and 0.628, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent factor of the ORR of metastatic NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy (OR=0.161, 95% CI: 0.062-0.422), and the efficacy of combination therapy was better than that of single agent (OR=0.395, 95% CI: 0.174-0.896). The immunotherapy efficacy in patients without brain metastasis was better than those with metastasis (OR=0.291, 95% CI: 0.095-0.887). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that NLR(C1) was an independent influencing factor of PFS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy (HR=0.480, 95% CI: 0.303-0.759). Sex (HR=0.399, 95% CI: 0.161-0.991, P=0.048), age (HR=0.356, 95% CI: 0.170-0.745, P=0.006) were independent influencing factors of OS of metastatic NSCLC patients after immunotherapy. Conclusions: PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are proved to be efficacious and have tolerable toxicities for patients with metastatic NSCLC. Patients at advanced age could still benefit from immunotherapy. Brain metastasis is related to compromised response. Earlier application of immunotherapy in combination with other modalities enhances the efficacy without elevating risk of irAEs. NLR(C1) is an early predictor of clinical outcome. The OS of patients younger than 75 years may be improved when treated with immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 1-14, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931227

ABSTRACT

Interference with quorum sensing(QS)represents an antivirulence strategy with a significant promise for the treatment of bacterial infections and a new approach to restoring antibiotic tolerance.Over the past two decades,a novel series of studies have reported that quorum quenching approaches and the discovery of quorum sensing inhibitors(QSIs)have a strong impact on the discovery of anti-infective drugs against various types of bacteria.The discovery of QSI was demonstrated to be an appropriate strategy to expand the anti-infective therapeutic approaches to complement classical antibiotics and antimicrobial agents.For the discovery of QSIs,diverse approaches exist and develop in-step with the scale of screening as well as specific QS systems.This review highlights the latest findings in strategies and methodologies for QSI screening,involving activity-based screening with bioassays,chemical methods to seek bacterial QS pathways for QSI discovery,virtual screening for QSI screening,and other potential tools for interpreting QS signaling,which are innovative routes for future efforts to discover additional QSIs to combat bacterial infections.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 682-686, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, examination results, treatment and prognosis of neonates with influenza virus infection in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Methods:Clinical data of neonates with influenza virus infection who were hospitalized in the NICU of the General Hospital of Southern Theater Command of Chinese People′s Liberation Army from January 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 11 hospitalized neonates with influenza virus infection in the NICU were recruited, including 2 cases of influenza A and 9 cases of influenza B. Ten cases (90.9%) had respiratory symptoms, and among them, there were 8 cases with increased oxygen demand, 7 cases with complicated pneumonia, 4 cases with dyspnea, and 2 cases with apnea.Seven cases showed abnormal body temperature, including 6 cases of fever, and 1 case of hypothermia.Five cases had circulatory system symptoms.Digestive system symptoms and urinary system symptoms were detected in 5 cases and 3 cases, respectively.Eight cases complicated with systemic symptoms, including 3 cases of poor mental response, 3 cases of worsening jaundice, 3 cases of weight loss, 2 cases of hyperglycemia, 1 case of edema and sclerosis.Ten cases were treated with gamma globulin immunotherapy, 2 cases were treated with plasma immune support, and 1 case was treated with Peramivir antiviral.Eight cases were treated with increased oxygen therapy, among which non-invasive ventilator parameters or modes increased in 4 cases, and nasal cannula oxygen concentration increased in 2 cases.The change of noninvasive-assisted ventilation to invasive-assisted ventilation occurred in 1 case, and 1 case developed the change of nasal cannula to noninvasive-assisted ventilation.Four neonates received anti-shock and (or) myocardial contractility therapy.Conclusions:Neonates with influenza virus infection in the NICU are mainly manifested as respiratory symptoms and fever, and the incidence of complicated pneumonia is high.Multiple systems may be involved at the same time, often leading to severe disease status.Comprehensive supportive treatment is necessary.Neonatologists should pay attention to these symptoms, and early detection of influenza virus and timely isolation are the key methods to prevent influenza outbreaks in NICU.

20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 153-161, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) alleviates cognitive impairment by suppressing the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway, which triggers immune-inflammatory responses in the hippocampus of rats with vascular dementia (VaD).@*METHODS@#The experiments were conducted in 3 parts and in total the Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 8 groups by a random number table, including sham, four-vessel occlusion (4-VO), 4-VO+EA, 4-VO+non-EA, sham+EA, 4-VO+lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 4-VO+LPS+EA, and 4-VO+TAK-242 groups. The VaD model was established by the 4-VO method. Seven days later, rats were treated with EA at 5 acupoints of Baihui (DV 20), Danzhong (RN 17), Geshu (BL 17), Qihai (RN 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), once per day for 3 consecutive weeks. Lymphocyte subsets, lymphocyte transformation rates, and inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) were measured to assess immune function and inflammation in VaD rats. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructure of nerve cells in the hippocampus. The levels of TLR4, MyD88, IL-6, and TNF-α were detected after EA treatment. TLR4/MyD88 signaling and cognitive function were also assessed after intracerebroventricular injection of TLR4 antagonist TAK-242 or TLR4 agonist LPS with or without EA.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 4-VO group, EA notably improved immune function of rats in the 4-VO+EA group, inhibited the protein and mRNA expressions of TLR4 and MyD88 in the hippocampus of rats, reduced the expressions of serum IL-6 and TNF-α (all P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EA attenuated cognitive impairment associated with immune inflammation by inhibition of the TLR4/MyD88 signaling pathway. Thus, EA may be a promising alternative therapy for the treatment of VaD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dementia, Vascular/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus/metabolism , Immunity , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
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