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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 96-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006463

ABSTRACT

Background Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath are closely associated with respiratory diseases and are linked to various metabolic reactions in the human body. A quantitative analytical method can provide technical support for studying VOCs related to various diseases. Objective To establish a thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC-MS) method for the determination of 27 VOCs in exhaled breath. Methods VOCs in exhaled breath were collected using a Bio-VOC sampler and enriched with Tenax TA thermal desorption tubes before TD-GC-MS analysis. Standards were collected using thermal desorption tubes and optimized for thermal desorption conditions as well as chromatographic and mass spectrometric conditions: The separation of the 27 VOCs was achieved by an optimized temperature program, the improvement of sensitivity by optimizing quantitative ions, and the increase of VOCs desorption efficiency by optimizing thermal desorption time and temperature. Limit of detection, limit of quantification, accuracy, precision, and stability of the proposed method were investigated by spiking with a blank gas bag, and exhaled breath samples from 20 healthy individuals were collected for an application study of the proposed method. Results The thermal desorption temperature was 280 ℃, and desorption time was 6 min. A VF-624ms chromatographic column was selected for the separation of target substances. The initial temperature of heating program was 35 ℃, maintained for 1 min, and then increased to 100 ℃ at a heating rate of 3 ℃·min−1 for 1 min, followed by increasing to 210 ℃ at a heating rate of 28 ℃·min−1 for 5 min. A quantitative analysis was conducted with a single ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Under these conditions, the 27 VOCs showed good linear relationships in their respective concentration ranges and the correlation coefficients were higher than 0.9990. The limits of detection of the method were in the range of 0.01-0.13 nmol·mol−1, the limits of quantification were in the range of 0.02-0.44 nmol·mol−1, and the spiked recoveries were in the range of 80.1%-120.5%, with intra-batch and inter-batch precision ≤ 18.8% and 17.9% respectively. All substances can be stored at room temperature (23-28 °C) for 7 d and at 4 °C for 14 d. The proposed method was applied to exhaled breath samples from 20 subjects with detection rates≥ 80% (except for trans-2-pentene and decane) and a concentration range of 0.00-465.50 nmol·mol−1. Conclusion The established TD-GC-MS method for quantification of VOCs in exhaled breath is characterized by high sensitivity and good accuracy, and is suitable for quantitative determination of VOCs in exhaled breath, which can provide technical support for the study of exhaled breath VOCs.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1915-1919, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996910

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the correlation between axial length and diabetic retinopathy(DR)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS:This study is a cross-sectional study. A total of 53 cases(104 eyes)of type 2 diabetes patients who admitted to the ophthalmology department of the Jining No.1 People's Hospital between January and May 2023 were included. Among these cases, 51 patients had both eyes included, while 2 patients had only one eye included. The patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of fundus lesions. The non-diabetic retinopathy(NDR)group consisted of 32 eyes, and the DR group consisted of 72 eyes. Within the DR group, the patients were further categorized based on the severity of fundus lesions. The non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy(NPDR)group comprised of 27 eyes, and the proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)group consisted of 45 eyes. The axial lengths of eyes in the DR group were divided into four groups using quartiles: 19 eyes in the 20.00~22.09 mm group, 17 eyes in the 22.10~22.70 mm group, 18 eyes in the 22.71~23.12 mm group, and 18 eyes in the 23.13~24.48 mm group. Binary Logistic regression analysis was employed to investigate the factors influencing the occurrence of DR and PDR.RESULTS:Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that both axial length and age significantly influenced the development of DR and PDR.(Axial length: OR=0.296, 95%CI:0.130~0.672, P<0.05; OR=0.237, 95%CI:0.076~0.736, P<0.05; age: OR=0.949, 95%CI:0.907~0.994, P<0.05; OR=0.879, 95%CI: 0.820~0.942, P<0.05). The risk of PDR in the group with axial length of 23.13~24.48 mm was reduced compared to the group with axial length of 20.00~22.09 mm(OR=0.057; 95%CI: 0.006~0.515, P=0.011).CONCLUSION:The findings indicate that longer axial length in patients with type 2 diabetes are associated with a decreased risk of developing DR, as well as a reduced likelihood of DR progressing to PDR. Therefore, a long axial length can be considered a protective factor against DR.

3.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 732-737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the performance of the automated digital cell morphology instrument in detecting platelet (PLT) clumps.Methods:A total of 4271 blood samples whose PLT reached the reviewing rules of thrombocytopenia were selected from inpatients having blood analysis in Xijing Hospital from January 1 st to June 30 th, 2019, including 2 200 males and 2 071 females,with a median age of (35±7.03) years old. The smears for these cases were made, stained by Wright-Giemsa, and examined to capture PLT clumps by digital cell morphology system and manual microscope separately. The digital cell analysis system (hereinafter referred to as the instrument method) as an evaluation method and the microscope method as a reference method were used to calculate the positive rate of platelet clump detection and evaluate the comparison of two methods and bias assessments. The chi-square test was used to compare counting data rates. Results:Among 4, 271 samples reaching the reviewing rule of thrombocytopenia, 128 cases with platelet clumps were detected by manual microscope(initial) with a positive detection rate of 96.24%, and a total 133 of cases with PLT clumps were detected by microscope (initial+reconfirmation) with a positive detection rate of 100 %. Meanwhile, 129 cases with platelet clumps were detected by instrument method with a positive detection rate of 96.9%. There was no significant difference in terms of positive rate of PLT clumps detection between the instrumental method and the microscope method (initial) ( χ2 =0.115, P=0.73); the positive rate of clumps detection by the instrumental method was lower than microscope method (initial+reconfirmation), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 =4.061, P=0.04). For instrument method, the positive rate of PLT clumps detection by simultaneous observation of RBC analysis interface+PLT aggregation interface+WBC analysis interface was higher than only observation of PLT aggregation interface, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 =5.090, P=0.02). The average error of the deviation of PLT counting results before and after correction of the cases with PLT plumps missed by instrument method was significantly higher than microscope method (initial), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 =56.26, P<0.001). Conclusion:The automated digital cell morphology system has a good consistency with manual microscope(initial) in terms of the sensitivity of platelet clumps detection and can be used as a supplementary method for detecting platelet aggregation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 68-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence and predictors of hypopituitarism after traumatic brain injury (TBI) .Methods:A prospective study was conducted on 185 patients with severe TBI in the Emergency Department of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from Jan. 2020 to May. 2022, of whom 108 were male and 77 were female; age ranged from 18 to 79 years, mean (51.32±9.34) years. Pituitary function was assessed within 3-7 d after the onset of TBI, and the occurrence of hypopituitarism after severe TBI was counted. 41 cases in the hypopituitarism group, 26 males and 15 females, aged (52.76±9.83) years, were divided into the hypopituitarism group (hypopituitarism occurred) and the non-hypopituitarism group (hypopituitarism did not occur) according to whether hypopituitarism occurred. In the non-decompensated group, there were 144 cases, 82 males and 62 females, aged (50.91±9.27) years. The clinical data of the decompensated and non-decompensated groups were compared, and the factors influencing the occurrence of hypopituitarism were analysed, and a logistic prediction model was constructed based on the relevant influencing factors. The value of this model in predicting the occurrence of hypopituitarism after severe TBI was evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The prevalence of hypopituitarism in the 185 patients with severe TBI in this study was 22.16%; the Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score on admission was lower in the decompensated group than in the non-decompensated group [ (6.36±1.04) vs (7.48±0.59) ], the percentage of hyperbaric oxygen therapy was lower than in the non-decompensated group (21.95% vs 49.31%) , the percentage of intracranial pressure (82.93% vs 49.31%) , midline displacement ≥5 mm (78.05% vs 29.86%) , skull base fracture (34.15% vs. 17.36%) , diffuse cerebral edema (19.51% vs 4.17%) , and serum brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) . Brain derived neurophic factor (BDNF) was higher than that in the non-reduced group [ (6.35±1.29) ng/ml vs (4.51±1.06) ng/ml], and neuronal-specific enolase (NSE) was higher than that in the non-reduced group [ (33.06±5.42) μg/L vs (23.15±4.97) μg/L]. (4.97) μg/L]. Vascular epithelial growth factor (VEGF) was higher than that in the non-reduced group [ (312.07±24.35) pg/ml vs (226.80±20.96) pg/ml], tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was higher than that in the non-reduced group [ (281.24±38.91) ng/L vs (186.91) pg/ml], and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was higher than that in the non-reduced group (186.55±35.72) ng/L (all P<0.05) . Increased intracranial pressure, midline displacement ≥5 mm, diffuse cerebral edema, serum BDNF, NSE, VEGF, and TNF-α levels were all independent risk factors for the development of hypopituitarism after severe TBI, with admission GCS score and hyperbaric oxygen therapy as protective factors ( P<0.05) ; a logistic prediction model was constructed based on the influencing factors as: Logit ( P) = 5.264-0.880×admission GCS score + 1.618×increased intracranial pressure + 1.941×midline displacement ≥5 mm + 1.289×diffuse cerebral edema+1.306×BDNF+1.426×NSE+1.781×VEGF+1.615×TNF-α-0.758×hyperbaric oxygen therapy; the model predicted the occurrence of severe TBI after the area under the curve (AUC) of hypopituitarism was 0.930 (95% CI 0.883-0.962) , with a predictive sensitivity and specificity of 90.24% and 89.19%, respectively. Conclusions:The incidence of hypopituitarism is higher after severe TBI. Increased intracranial pressure, midline displacement ≥5 mm, diffuse cerebral edema, serum BDNF, NSE, VEGF and TNF-α levels are all used as predictors of hypopituitarism.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1411-1425, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010621

ABSTRACT

L-dopa (l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine)-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a debilitating complication of dopamine replacement therapy for Parkinson's disease. The potential contribution of striatal D2 receptor (D2R)-positive neurons and downstream circuits in the pathophysiology of LID remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of striatal D2R+ neurons and downstream globus pallidus externa (GPe) neurons in a rat model of LID. Intrastriatal administration of raclopride, a D2R antagonist, significantly inhibited dyskinetic behavior, while intrastriatal administration of pramipexole, a D2-like receptor agonist, yielded aggravation of dyskinesia in LID rats. Fiber photometry revealed the overinhibition of striatal D2R+ neurons and hyperactivity of downstream GPe neurons during the dyskinetic phase of LID rats. In contrast, the striatal D2R+ neurons showed intermittent synchronized overactivity in the decay phase of dyskinesia. Consistent with the above findings, optogenetic activation of striatal D2R+ neurons or their projections in the GPe was adequate to suppress most of the dyskinetic behaviors of LID rats. Our data demonstrate that the aberrant activity of striatal D2R+ neurons and downstream GPe neurons is a decisive mechanism mediating dyskinetic symptoms in LID rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Levodopa/toxicity , Dopamine , Parkinsonian Disorders/drug therapy , Oxidopamine , Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced , Corpus Striatum/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Receptors, Dopamine D2/metabolism , Antiparkinson Agents/toxicity
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 973-979, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008155

ABSTRACT

Juvenile polyps(JP),also known as retention polyps,are the most common type of colorectal polyps and the main cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding in children,with rare incidence in adults.In recent years,with the development and application of electronic colonoscopy,the detection rate of colorectal JP has gradually increased.It is generally accepted that JP is a benign hamartomatous lesion of the intestine,while it can cause complications such as massive hemorrhage of the lower digestive tract,anemia,intussusception,and intestinal obstruction.Moreover,there are reports about the canceration of JP.Therefore,it is necessary to improve the understanding and achieve early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.This article reviews the research progress in the epidemiological characteristics,pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,diagnosis and treatment methods,and canceration risk of JP.


Subject(s)
Child , Adult , Humans , Colonoscopy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 436-439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981288

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of high-frequency ultrasound in the diagnosis of pronator teres syndrome (PTS). Methods The high-frequency ultrasound was employed to examine and measure the median nerve of the pronator teres muscle in 30 patients with PTS and 30 healthy volunteers (control group).The long-axis diameter (LA),short-axis diameter (SA) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve were measured.The receiver operating characteristic curve of the median nerve ultrasonic measurement results was established,and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated.The diagnostic efficiency of each index for PTS was compared with the surgical results as a reference. Results The PTS group showed larger LA[(5.02±0.50) mm vs.(3.89±0.41) mm;t=4.38,P=0.013],SA[(2.55±0.46) mm vs.(1.70±0.41) mm;t=5.19,P=0.009],and CSA[(11.13±3.72) mm2 vs.(6.88±2.68) mm2;t=8.42,P=0.008] of the median nerve than the control group.The AUC of CSA,SA,and LA was 94.3% (95%CI=0.912-0.972,Z=3.586,P=0.001),77.7% (95%CI=0.734-0.815,Z=2.855, P=0.006),and 78.8% (95%CI=0.752-0.821,Z=3.091,P=0.004),respectively.With 8.63 mm2 as the cutoff value,the sensitivity and specificity of CSA in diagnosing PTS were 93.3% and 90.0%,respectively. Conclusion High-frequency ultrasound is a practical method for diagnosing PTS,and the CSA of median nerve has a high diagnostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forearm/innervation , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Median Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 237-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979361

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy of antibacterial peptides in the adjuvant therapy of stage Ⅲ periodontitis.@*Methods@#Fifty-one patients were randomly divided into simple mechanical curettage group, minocycline hydrochloride group and antibacterial peptide group according to the treatment mode. Three groups received periodontal sequential treatment, and after the ultrasonic supragingival scaling, they were performed with curettage, root surface planing, polishing and flushing. After treatment in the minocycline hydrochloride group and the biological antibacterial peptide group, minocycline hydrochloride ointment and biological antibacterial peptide periodontal gel were injected into the periodontal pocket respectively. The mechanical curettage group did not take medicine. Periodontal checklists at baseline and 90 d after treatment were recorded to compare differences of the three groups in periodontal probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI) and attachment level (AL). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELSIA) was used to detect the change of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β by collecting the gingival crevicular fluid of the three sets at baseline, 7 d after treatment and 90 d after treatment. @*Results@#There was no statistically significant difference in periodontal clinical examination indexes(PD,BI,AL) and contents of TNF-α and IL-1β in the gingival crevicular fluid between the three groups at baseline (P>0.05). At 7 and 90 d after treatment, all indexes in the three groups were improved compared with those before treatment. The comparison between groups showed that in periodontal pockets with PD≤5 mm, there was no statistically significant difference in the indicators between the three groups. In periodontal pockets with PD≥6 mm, the minocycline hydrochloride group and the bio-antibacterial peptide group had no statistically significant difference in various indicators, but they were all better than the mechanical scaling group.@*Conclusion@#Basic periodontal therapy is an important treatment for stage Ⅲ periodontitis. Minocycline hydrochloride and biological antibacterial peptides are both effective adjuvant drugs for deep periodontal pockets with PD≥6 mm.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 272-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953949

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease with complex and diverse pathogenesis, and there is no effective treatment or specific drugs for its clinical treatment. In recent years, its incidence has been on the rise, and it has become the earnest expectation of medical researchers in China and abroad that related patients could be treated. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions to regulate cellular energy homeostasis and mitochondrial homeostasis. When activated, it has a good intervention effect on NAFLD progression with lipid metabolism disorders and mitochondrial homeostasis disorders. For NAFLD, the activation of AMPK can inhibit the production of new lipogenesis in the liver, promote the oxidation of fatty acids in the liver, and enhance the mitochondrial function of adipose tissues. As a key target of metabolic diseases, AMPK can also improve apoptosis, liver fibrosis, autophagy, and inflammation. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is good at treating diseases from multiple targets and multiple pathways and is also commonly used in the treatment of chronic liver disease in clinical practice. A large number of in vitro and in vivo experimental studies on NAFLD have shown that TCM monomers have good prospects for the treatment of NAFLD through the AMPK signaling pathway, including glycosides, phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, quinones, terpenoids, and lignans, which are natural activators of AMPK. This study reviewed the research progress on TCM monomers in regulating the AMPK pathway to prevent and treat NAFLD, providing a broader perspective for TCM treatment of NAFLD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 35 patients underwent TAVI and received pacemaker implantation from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into LBBP group (n=12) and right ventricular apex pacing (RVAP) group (n=23) according to the pacing position. The success rate of operation in LBBP group was calculated, and the occurrence of complications were observed, and the parameters of pacemaker were measured on the 3rd day and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), echocardiographic and ECG indexes were compared between the two groups on the 3rd day and 1, 3, and 6 months after pacemaker implantation. Result: A total of 35 patients were included, The age was (76.4±7.7) years, including 19 males (54.3%). The procedure time ((86.58±17.10)min vs. (68.74±9.18)min, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy duration ((20.08±4.44)min vs. (17.00±2.26)min, P<0.001) were significantly longer in LBBP group compared with RVAP group. The operation success rate of LBBP group was 11/12. There was no serious operation related complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and lower limb bleeding. The patients were followed up for 7.43 (5.21, 9.84) months. The programmed parameters of pacemaker were in the ideal range and stable during follow-up. At 3 and 6 months after operation, the left ventricular ejection fraction in LBBP group was higher than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: (60.75±2.89)% vs. (57.35±3.33)%, P=0.004; at 6 months: (63.17±3.33)% vs. (56.17±3.97)%, P<0.001), NT-proBNP values was lower in LBBP group than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: 822 (607, 1 150)ng/L vs. 1 052 (902, 1 536)ng/L, P=0.006; at 6 months: 440 (330,679)ng/L vs. 783 (588, 1 023)ng/L, P=0.001). At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the QRS duration was shorter in LBBP group than that in RVAP group (1 month: 99 (97, 107)ms vs. 126(124, 130)ms, P<0.001; 3 months: 98(96, 105)ms vs. 129(128, 133)ms, P<0.001; 6 months: 96(94, 104)ms vs. 130(128, 132)ms, P<0.001). Conclusions: For patients with permanent pacemaker indications after TAVI, LBBP is feasible, safe and reliable. It could improve the cardiac function in the short term, the long-term effect of LBBP needs to be further observed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
11.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 365-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015448

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of up-regulation of zinc finger and BTB domain containing 20 (A20) expression on learning and memory and apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in APP

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1515-1518, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To probe the influence of obstruction sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on cardiac function and serum cystatin-C (CC) levels in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and to discuss its clinical significance.Methods:129 CHF patients suspected of OSAS were selected and divided into observation group (with apnea) and control group (without apnea) according to sleep apnea hypopnea index (AHI). The observation group included mild, moderate and severe groups. After admission, the levels of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), N-terminal forebrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and CC were collected for further analysis.Results:The levels of NT-proBNP and CC in 99 patients with CHF complicated with OSAS were higher than those in the control group, while LVEF was lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05); The levels of NT-proBNP and CC in severe group were higher than those in mild and moderate group, while LVEF was significantly lower ( P<0.05); The level of CC in mild to moderate group was higher than that in control group, while LVEF was lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). Rank correlation analysis showed that CC was positively correlated with AHI ( r=0.726, P<0.01); However, there was no significant difference in NT proBNP between mild to moderate group and control group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:OSAS can lead to the deterioration of cardiac function. The CC of CHF patients with OSAS is higher and increases with the aggravation of obstruction. CC may participate in the progression of the disease. A high level of CC may aggravate the development of the disease, and the incidence and mortality of cardiovascular events may also increase.Early prevention and treatment should be given.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1607-1611, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886445

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical value of oral administration of Tongmai Tangyanming Capsule after 23-gauge(23G)pars plana vitrectomy(PPV)in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR).<p>METHODS: This prospective study included 98 patients(109 eyes)with PDR admitted to the hospital between February 2018 and October 2019. The patients were randomly divided into control group(49 cases, 54 eyes, 23G PPV)and observation group(49 cases, 55 eyes, oral administration of Tongmai Tangyanming Capsule, 750 mg/time, 3 times/d, for 12wk). The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure, visual field sensitivity and central macular thickness(CMT)were measured before and 12wk after surgery. Changes in insulin-like growth factor-1(IGF-1)and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)were determined, and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR)was calculated. The surgical complications and recurrence rate during 12wk of follow-up were observed.<p>RESULTS: At 12wk after surgery, the BCVA(LogMAR)and visual field sensitivity of the two groups were improved(<i>P</i><0.001), and CMT was decreased(<i>P</i><0.001), but there was no significant change in intraocular pressure(<i>P</i>>0.05). Meanwhile, the BCVA and visual field sensitivity of the observation group were higher than those of the control group(<i>P</i><0.05), and CMT was smaller than that of the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). At 12wk after surgery, serum IGF-1, VEGF and HOMA-IR were decreased in the two groups(<i>P</i><0.001), and these indicators in the observation group were lower than those in the control group(<i>P</i><0.001). The incidence of complications and recurrence rate were similar in the two groups(<i>P</i> >0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Oral administration of Tongmai Tangyanming Capsule after 23G PPV can better promote postoperative visual recovery, improve visual sensitivity, reduce insulin resistance and lower the levels of IGF-1 and VEGF, inhibit retinal neovascularization and proliferation, and reduce the risk of recurrence.

14.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 426-435, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892700

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction. However, the majority of previous neuroimaging studies focus on brain structure and connections but seldom on the inter-hemispheric connectivity or structural asymmetry. This study uses multi-modal imaging to investigate the abnormal changes across the 2 cerebral hemispheres in patients with IBS. @*Methods@#Structural MRI, resting-state functional MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging were acquired from 34 patients with IBS and 33 healthy controls. The voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity, fractional anisotropy, fiber length, fiber number, and asymmetry index were calculated and assessed for group differences. In addition, we assessed their relevance for the severity of IBS. @*Results@#Compared with healthy controls, the inter-hemispheric functional connectivity of patients with IBS showed higher levels in bilateral superior occipital gyrus, middle occipital gyrus, precuneus, posterior cingulate gyrus, and angular gyrus, but lower in supplementary motor area. The statistical results showed no significant difference in inter-hemispheric anatomical connections and structural asymmetry, however negative correlations between inter-hemispheric connectivity and the severity of IBS were found in some regions with significant difference. @*Conclusions@#The functional connections between cerebral hemispheres were more susceptible to IBS than anatomical connections, and brain structure is relatively stable. Besides, the brain areas affected by IBS were concentrated in default mode network and sensorimotor network.

15.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 426-435, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900404

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction. However, the majority of previous neuroimaging studies focus on brain structure and connections but seldom on the inter-hemispheric connectivity or structural asymmetry. This study uses multi-modal imaging to investigate the abnormal changes across the 2 cerebral hemispheres in patients with IBS. @*Methods@#Structural MRI, resting-state functional MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging were acquired from 34 patients with IBS and 33 healthy controls. The voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity, fractional anisotropy, fiber length, fiber number, and asymmetry index were calculated and assessed for group differences. In addition, we assessed their relevance for the severity of IBS. @*Results@#Compared with healthy controls, the inter-hemispheric functional connectivity of patients with IBS showed higher levels in bilateral superior occipital gyrus, middle occipital gyrus, precuneus, posterior cingulate gyrus, and angular gyrus, but lower in supplementary motor area. The statistical results showed no significant difference in inter-hemispheric anatomical connections and structural asymmetry, however negative correlations between inter-hemispheric connectivity and the severity of IBS were found in some regions with significant difference. @*Conclusions@#The functional connections between cerebral hemispheres were more susceptible to IBS than anatomical connections, and brain structure is relatively stable. Besides, the brain areas affected by IBS were concentrated in default mode network and sensorimotor network.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 596-600, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the active surveillance results of occupational pneumoconiosis(hereinafter referred to as “pneumoconiosis”) in Beijing in 2019. METHODS: A total of 2 634 dust exposed workers were recruited as the active surveillance subjects by judgment sampling method. The abnormalities and influencing factors of High kV or digital photography of posterior-anterior chest radiography(hereinafter referred to as “chest radiography”) and lung function were analyzed. RESULTS: The detection rate of abnormal chest radiograph and pulmonary dysfunction were 14.0%(368/2 634) and 6.6%(175/2 634), respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of abnormal chest radiograph in dust-exposed workers increased with age(P<0.01). Mining and construction workers had higher risk of abnormal chest radiograph than manufacturers(all P<0.05). The risk of abnormal chest radiograph of dusk-exposed workers in state-owned and foreign enterprises was higher than that of workers in private enterprises(P<0.05). The risk of pulmonary dysfunction was increased with age and length of dust exposure(all P<0.05). Workers exposed to silica dust and aluminum dust had higher risks than those exposed to welding dust(all P<0.01). The risk of pulmonary dysfunction of workers in small and micro enterprises was higher than that of workers in large enterprises(all P<0.01). Mining workers had higher risks of pulmonary dysfunction than manufacturing workers(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Age, length of dust exposure, dust type, industry type, enterprise scale and economic type were the influencing factors of lung injury of dust exposed workers. Therefore, the supervision of key population and industries should be strengthened to reduce the occurrence of pneumoconiosis.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 347-351, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of fractional excretion of IgG (FE IgG) on drug responsiveness and remission in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN).Methods:Retrospective analysis of 82 patients with IMN diagnosed by clinical and pathological data and regularly followed up from April 2014 to August 2017. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the FE IgG threshold. Comparing the difference of remission time under different baseline levels of FE IgG, and analyzing the effect of different levels of FE IgG on the drug responsiveness of immunosuppressive therapy (tacrolimus or cyclophosphamide) and supportive therapy.Results:Areas under the curve (AUC) of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24-hour urinary protein quantity and FE IgG were 0.509, 0.701 and 0.948, respectively. Before treatment, there was no significant difference in gender, age, mean arterial pressure and eGFR between the high FE IgG group (FE IgG>0.029) and low FE IgG group (FE IgG<0.029) ( P>0.05). The remission time of high FE IgG group was (18.75±6.81)months, while it was (8.46±3.74)months in low FE IgG group, with significant difference ( P<0.01). There was no difference in remission time of immunosuppressive therapy and supportive therapy in low FE IgG group ( P=0.265), bo-th of which were lower than the high-level immunosuppressive therapy group ( P<0.001). The remission time of tacrolimus was shorter than that of cyclophosphamide in high FE IgG group, but with no significant difference ( P=0.131). There was significant difference in the remission time of tacrolimus between the high and low level groups of FE IgG ( P<0.01). Under electron microscope, the ratio of foot process fusion and podocyte diffuse vacuolar degeneration in the high level group of FE IgG was higher than that in the low level group ( P<0.01). Conclusions:FE IgG can be used as a clinical indicator for predicting drug responsiveness and remission in patients with IMN, and is essential for early identification of high-risk patients and for making clinical decisions. Patients with high FE-IgG may benefit from early initiation of immunosuppressive therapy.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1719-1725, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of 70% ethanol extracts from Garcinia oblongifolia (GOEE)on LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells and its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS :GOEE was obtained after the fresh G. oblongifolia epicarp refluxed with 70% ethanol. The contents of total phenol and total flavonoids were determined by Folin-Ciocalteau assay and UV spectrophotometer. MTT assay was used to detect the cytotoxicity of different doses of GOEE. The inflammatory model was induced in RAW 264.7 cells by lipopolysa- ccharide (LPS). Using dexamethasone and N-acetyl-L-cysteine as positive control ,Griess assay and 2′,7′-dichloro- fluorescein assay were used to detect the contents of NO in cell culture medium and ROS in cells. The levels of TNF-α,IL-6,and IL- 1β in cell culture medium were measured by ELISA. The protein expression of p 65,p-p65,IκBα,p-IκBα,HO-1 in cells and NRF 2 in nucleus were determined by using Western blotting assay. RESULTS:The contents of total phenol and flavonoids in GOEE were (20.191±1.264)and(12.571±0.020)mg/g,respectively. At the concentration below 500 μ g/mL, GOEE had no significantly effect on survival rate of RAW 264.7 cells(P> 294043)0.05). Compared with control group ,the contents of NO and ROS,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL- 1β,ratio of p-p 65 top65,ratio of p-IκBα to IκBα,protein expression of NRF 2 were increased significantly in LPS model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with LPS model group ,the contents of NO(except for GOEE 50 μg/mL group)and ROS ,the levels of TNF-α,IL-6 and IL- 1β,ratio of p-p 65 to p 65 and ratio of p-IκBα to IκBα were decreased significantly in GOEE groups and positive control groups ,while protein expression of HO- 1 and NRF 2 were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:GOEE attenuates LPS-induced macrophages inflammation injury by inhibiting the inflammatory response and the phosphorylation of NF-κB pathway,promoting NRF 2 protein transportation to the nucleus.

19.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 78-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841585

ABSTRACT

Objective: To expore the effects of cucurbitacin B (CUB) combined with oxaliplatin (OXA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colon cancer SW480 cells, and to clarify their mechanisms. Methods: The SW480 cells were divided into control group, 10, 20, and 40 μmol • L-1 CUB groups, OXA group (100 μmol • L _ 1 ) and combination group (40 μmol • L _ 1 CUB + 1 0 0 μmol • L _ 1 O X A). The proliferation rate of the SW480 was determined by M T T assay. Hoechst33258 staining was used to observe the morphology of SW480 cells. The cell cycle and apoptotic rates of SW480 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions levels of caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were measured by Western blotting method. Results: The M T T results showed that compared with control group, the proliferation rates of the SW480 cells in different doses of CUB groups and OXA group were significantly decreased (P < 0. 0 5); compared with different doses of CUB groups and OXA group, the proliferation rate of the SW480 cells in combination group was significantly decreased (P < 0. 05). The results of Hoechst 33258 staining showed that the blue fluorescence in the SW480 cells in different doses of CUB groups and OXA group were brighter than that in control group, which showed granular blue fluorescence in the cell nucles. Compared with different doses of CUB groups and OXA group, the blue fluorescence in the SW480 cells in combination group was more significantly bright, and granular blue fluorescence was significantly increased. The cell cycle detection results of flow cytometry showed that compared with control group, the percentages of the SW480 cells in G2/M phase in different doses of CUB groups and combination group were incresaed (P < 0. 0 5); the percentages of SW480 cells in S phase in 40 μmol • L _ 1 CUB group, OXA group and combination group were incresaed (P < 0. 05). The apoptosis detection results of flow cytometry showed that compared with control group, the apoptotic rates of the SW480 cells in different doses of CUB groups and OXA group were increased (P < 0. 05); compared with different doses of CUB groups and OXA group, the apoptotic rate of the SW480 cells in combination group was significantly increased (P < 0. 05). The Western blotting results showed that compared with control group, the expressions levels of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in the SW480 cells in different doses of CUB groups and OXA group were decreased (P < 0. 0 5), the expression levels of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax were increased (P < 0. 05), and the Bcl-2/Bax ratios were decreased (P < 0. 05); compared with different doses of CUB groups and OXA group, the changes of the above protein expression levels, the cleaved caspase-3/caspase-3 ratio and the Bcl-2/Bax ratio in combination group were more obvious (P < 0. 05). Conclusion: CUB combined with OXA can effectively inhinbit the proliferation of colon cancer SW480 cells, and its mechanism may be related to the S and G2/M phase arrest, up regulation of the ratio of cleaved-caspase-3/caspase-3 and down-regulation of the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax.

20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 707-711, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the method and effect of small incision TightRope fixation in the treatment of fresh acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to May 2018, 28 cases of fresh acromioclavicular dislocation were treated, including 20 males and 8 females, aged 26 to 87 years with an average age of 51.3 years. The modified Rockwood classification included 1 case of typeⅡ, 22 cases of typeⅢand 4 cases of type V. The average time from injury to operation was 2.4 days. The operative time, shoulder function recovery time and postoperative complications were recorded, and the immediate reduction effect and Karlsson function of shoulder joint were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In 28 patients, only one Rockwood typeⅡ was used to reconstruct the pyramidal ligament, and the other 27 were used to reconstruct the pyramidal ligament and the trapezoid ligament. The average operation time was (66.50±12.62) min (including intraoperative fluoroscopy time). Twenty-eight cases were followed up for 11 to 20 (16.7±4.6) months. The recovery time of shoulder function was 2 to 7 months with an average of 4 months. During the follow-up period, 1 case had osteolysis and loss of reduction at the clavicular plate site, and the rest had no complications such as re-dislocation and button plate prolapse. Immediate reduction effect after operation:6 cases with reduction insufficiency, 17 cases with complete reduction and 5 cases with excessive reduction;Karlsson function evaluation of shoulder joint in the last follow-up:excellent in 21 cases, good in 6 cases and poor in 1 case;Pearson analysis =0.060, suggesting that the immediate reduction effect of fresh acromioclavicular dislocation operation has no significant correlation with Karlsson function evaluationof shoulder joint in the last follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#TightRope fixation through a small incision in the base of coracoid process is a simple and effective method for the treatment of dislocation of acromioclavicular joint. There was no significant correlation between the slight difference of immediate reduction effect within 5 mm and Karlsson function evaluation of shoulder joint in the last follow-up. It is suggested to pay attention to the loss of reduction and osteolysis of clavicular plate in clinical follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acromioclavicular Joint , Clavicle , Coracoid Process , Joint Dislocations , Shoulder Dislocation , Treatment Outcome
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