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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3454-3459, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773696

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to explore the dose-toxicity-effect relationship of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f( TW) processed by liquorice,to establish the safe and effective therapeutic window,and further to provide scientific reference for the clinical use of TW. The toxicity and anti-inflammatory effect of six doses of raw TW and TW processed by liquorice( 0. 78,1. 56,3. 12,6. 24,12. 48,15. 60 g·kg-1) in 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene( DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis( ACD) model were mainly examined by histopathology and serum biochemistry. The liver biochemical parameters including ALT and AST,related inflammatory factors including TNF-α and IL-2,together with liver index,kidney index and the other pharmacodynamic indicators,were examined and compared. The results showed that compared with the control group,the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-2 of the model group were significantly increased( P<0. 01),which proved that the ACD model was successful. The comprehensive analysis of liver biochemical indexes,serum inflammatory factors and the other indexes showed that the safe and effective therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was 3. 12-12. 48 g·kg-1. The results showed the therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was much broader than that of raw TW. And it could provide scientific reference for the clinical rational use of TW.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Blood , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3596-3601, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335813

ABSTRACT

To screen potential biomarkers of curcumin related to treating depression rats by using metabolomics means, so as to explore the antidepressant action mechanism of curcumin. The healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) stimulation was conducted for modeling for 2 weeks, and then curcumin (200 mg•kg⁻¹) or venlafaxine (40 mg•kg⁻¹) was given by gavage administration. The blank group and model group rats were given with the same volume of 1% CMCNa normal saline, once per day for two weeks. The rats serum for each group was collected and LC/MS-IT-TOF method was used to characterize the metabolic differences. Also multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen possible potential biomarkers and analyze the possible metabolic pathways. After administration of curcumin and venlafaxine respectively, the depression indexes of CUMS model rats were all improved significantly (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences between curcumin and venlafaxine groups. In PCA and PLS-DA analysis after curcumin or venlafaxine intervention on CUMS model group rats, the small molecule metabolites level reflects a normal trend, and particularly for the curcumin group. Through metabonomics technology, 11 biomarkers associated with curcumin antidepressant effect were screened, and at the same time seven metabolic pathways were involved. The results showed that curcumin had antidepressant effects, which was evident in both macro and micro levels, comparable with positive drug of venlafaxine. The antidepressant effect of curcumin may be associated with the glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, pentose and glucuronic acid ester and ether lipid metabolism, but still need further exploration in the future.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1077-1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779697

ABSTRACT

In this study, rats were used to evaluate the effect of Radix glycyrrhiza on reducing liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii. Metabonomics techniques were used to analyze the changes of small molecular metabolites and the metabolic pathways involved in the beneficial process. Different groups of rats were given for the extractions from Tripterygium wilfordii and Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhiza. The general state, pathological changes of liver tissue, biochemical indexes of liver function and the changes of inflammatory factors in rats were observed. The results showed that the liver tissue injury of Tripterygium wilfordii group was significant, and the injury was reduced by Radix glycyrrhiza. Biochemical indexes and inflammatory factors also suggested that Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity. HPLC-MS/MS-IT-TOF was used to characterize the difference of serum metabolism in rats. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen 15 potential biomarkers, such as fatty acid, glycerol ester, glycerol phosphate, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. It mainly involved in 7 metabolic pathways, such as glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, alpha linoleic acid metabolism, and glycosyl phosphatidylinositol terminal biosynthesis. The results showed that the Tripterygium wilfordii compatibility of Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity induced by Tripterygium wilfordii. Phospholipid metabolism may be the key metabolic pathway of Tripterygium wilfordii hepatotoxicity and the target of Radix glycyrrhiza. This study provides a reference for the control of liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 119-124, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230984

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of the licorice-processed Tripterygium wilfordii on reducing the liver toxicity. In animal experiments, the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii was evaluated both before and after processing, and the differences in liver tissue biopsy, serum biochemical indexes and inflammatory cell factor among blank group, T. wilfordii group and licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were observed. Liver tissue biopsy results showed that liver tissue injury was obvious in T. wilfordii group, and no obvious injury was found in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. As compared with the blank group, the levels of AST, ALT and CRE were significantly increased (P<0.01), UREA was increased (P<0.05), and ALB level was significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the T. wilfordii group. As compared with T. wilfordii group, the levels of AST, ALT, CRE, and UREA were decreased (P<0.01), while ALB was increased (P<0.01) in the licorice-processed T. wilfordii group. The results of inflammatory factors in rats showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in T. wilfordii group were significantly higher than those in blank group (P<0.01); the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in licorice-processed T. wilfordii group were significantly lower than those in T. wilfordii group (P<0.01). Overall, licorice processing of T. wilfordii can effectively reduce the liver toxicity and reduce the liver injury caused by T. wilfordii. The experiment can provide reference for the clinical rational use of the T. wilfordii, and provide data support for the studies on reducing the liver toxicity of T. wilfordii by licorice processing.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 452-455, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the hepatic expression of immunological markers relevant to a cytotoxic response in relation to viral genotype.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The frozen liver biopsies were obtained from 28 HF genotyped patients and made the sections stained. The morphometry was used to analyze the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I), CD8, beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2) -mG), HFE and CD68 in the stained sections. Biopsy data of response to therapy with interferon were available in 18 cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CD8+ was usually clustered together and localized in portal tracts and sinusoids, and seen to interact with MHC I positive lining cells. MHC-I and beta(2) -mG were expressed mainly in endothelial and Kupffer cells. HFE was expressed in most round and dendritic CD68+ cells. Patients with virus genotype 3a had higher hepatic MHC-I and HFE expression, and a better sustained response to interferon (IFN) therapy than patients without.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MHC-I expression in the liver of patient with chronic hepatitis C virus infection seems to relate to viral-genotype. The hepatic MHC-I and HFE expression are higher in patients with virus genotype 3a than that in patients with non-3a genotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Metabolism , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Blotting, Western , CD8 Antigens , Metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Genotype , Hemochromatosis Protein , Hepacivirus , Genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Genetics , Metabolism , Virology , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Genetics , Metabolism , Interferons , Therapeutic Uses , Liver , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Virology , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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