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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942870

ABSTRACT

Intestinal failure (IF) is defined as the critical reduction of functional intestines below the minimum needed to absorb nutrients and fluids, so that intravenous supplementation with parenteral nutrition (PN) is required to maintain health and/or growth. Although the benefits are evident, patients receiving PN can suffer from serious cholestasis due to lack of enteral feeding and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). One such complication that may arise is intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Evidences from recent studies suggest that alterations in the intestinal microbiota, as well as intraluminal bile acid driven signaling, may play a critical role in both hepatic and intestinal injury. Since Marshall first proposed the concept of the gut-liver axis in 1998, the role of gut-liver axis disorders in the development of IFALD has received considerable attention. The conversation between gut and liver is the key to maintain liver metabolism and intestinal homeostasis, which influences each other and is reciprocal causation. However, as a "forgotten organ" , intestinal microbiota on the pathogenesis of IFALD has not been well reflected. As such, we propose, for the first time, the concept of gut-microbiota-liver axis to emphasize the importance of intestinal microbiota in the interaction of gut-liver axis. Analysis and research on gut-microbiota-liver axis will be of great significance for understanding the pathogenesis of IFALD and improving the prevention and treatment measures.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections/physiopathology , Bile Acids and Salts/physiology , Cholestasis/physiopathology , Enteral Nutrition , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Humans , Intestinal Diseases/physiopathology , Intestines/physiopathology , Liver/physiopathology , Liver Diseases/physiopathology , Parenteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Short Bowel Syndrome/physiopathology , Signal Transduction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816420

ABSTRACT

Complicated intra-abdominal infections(cIAIs)is always associated with high mortality,invasive open surgery cannot improve patients' prognosis.With the spread of the concept of minimally invasive surgery(MIS)and damage control surgery(DCS),the authors propose the escalation surgical therapy approaches to better manage cIAIs with less operative damange.These approaches include minimally invasive drainage(percutaneous drainage,endoscopic drainage),MIS(minimally invasive operative drainage,enterostomy)and open surgery(relaparotomy on demand,planned relaparotomy,open abdomen).These treatments cause increasing trauma stress,longer recovery period and higher morbidity rates to patients successively.Due to the increased use of planned relaparotomy in treating cIAIs,abdominal packing and open abdomen were applied more frequently.However,the prevention of open abdomen-associated morbidies,including enterocutaneous fistula and abdominal wall defect,should be paid attention to.In clinical practice,use of escalation surgical therapy approaches to treat cIAIs is not fixed,doctors should choose appropriate management according to patients' conditions.Meanwhile,good resuscitation,appropriate choice of antibiotics and nutritional support are essential to improve the outcome of patients with cIAIs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816353

ABSTRACT

Surgery plays a pivotal role in the treatment of certain diseases,which in turn promotes the development of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). However,with the renewal of concept and technology,it is gradually realized that the key to a successful treatment is not only surgery itself but also preoperative and postoperative management. Patientbased perioperative management is closely related to the prognosis of the disease. Therefore,“perioperative medicine”and“perioperative surgical home (PSH)”are gaining more and more attention from all over the world. These novel concepts aim to cover the whole disease treatment process and improve the prognosis.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 413-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Most studies on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) for gastric cancer exclude patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Here, we aimed to evaluate whether patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be enrolled into the ERAS program for locally advanced gastric cancer.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From April 2015 to July 2017, 114 patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced gastric cancer were randomized into ERAS and standard care (SC) groups. Postoperative length of stay, complications, bowel function, and nutritional status were recorded.</p><p><b>Results:</b>The postoperative length of stay of the ERAS group was shorter compared with that of the SC group (5.9 ± 5.6 vs. 8.1 ± 5.3 days, P = 0.037). The postoperative complication rate was 9.3% in the ERAS group and 11.5% in the SC group (P = 0.700). The time to first flatus (2.7 ± 2.0 vs. 4.5 ± 4.6 days, P = 0.010) and time to a semi-liquid diet (3.2 ± 2.1 vs. 6.3 ± 4.9 days, P < 0.001) in the ERAS group were shorter compared with those in the SC group. On the 10day after surgery, the values of weight, total protein, albumin, and prealbumin of the ERAS group were lower compared with those of the SC group.</p><p><b>Conclusions:</b>Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy could be enrolled into ERAS programs for locally advanced gastric cancer. The nutritional status of these patients was not adversely affected.</p>

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 567-573, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341996

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Intestinal fistula is one of the common complications of Crohn's disease (CD) that might require surgical treatment. The clinical characteristics and outcomes of CD with intestinal fistula are much different from CD alone. This study was to investigate whether the coagulation status of CD is changed by intestinal fistula.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Data were retrospectively analyzed for 190 patients with a definitive diagnosis of CD who were registered at the Jinling Hospital between January 2014 and September 2015. Baseline clinical characteristics and laboratory indices of initial admission and 7 days after intestinal fistula resections were collected. Student's t-test and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to compare differences between the two groups.</p><p><b>Results</b>Compared with CD patients without intestinal fistula, prothrombin time (PT) in patients with intestinal fistula was significantly longer (12.13 ± 1.27 s vs. 13.18 ± 1.51 s, P < 0.001 in overall cohort; 11.56 ± 1.21 s vs. 12.61 ± 0.73 s, P = 0.001 in females; and 12.51 ± 1.17 s vs. 13.37 ± 1.66 s, P = 0.003 in males). Platelet (PLT) count was much lower in intestinal fistula group than in nonintestinal fistula group (262.53 ± 94.36 × 10/L vs. 310.36 ± 131.91 × 10/L, P = 0.009). Multivariate logistic regression showed that intestinal fistula was significantly associated with a prolonged PT (odds ratio [OR] = 1.900, P < 0.001), a reduced amount of PLT (OR = 0.996, P = 0.024), and an increased operation history (OR = 5.408, P < 0.001). Among 65 CD patients receiving intestinal fistula resections, PT was obviously shorter after operation than baseline (12.28 ± 1.16 s vs. 13.02 ± 1.64 s, P = 0.006).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Intestinal fistula was significantly associated with impaired coagulation status in patients complicated with CD. Coagulation status could be improved after intestinal fistula resections.</p>

6.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 147-150, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692129

ABSTRACT

Objective: To review the application of ileostomy combined with perioperative nutrition support therapy in the treatment of chronic radiation intestinal injury. Methods: The clinical data of patients with chronic radiation intestinal injury who received ileostomy combined with perioperative nutrition support therapy in the department of general surgery, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The short-term complications and perioperative nutrition process were recorded, and the long-term prognoses were followed up. Results: Forty-six patients were included in the study. The overall postoperative complication rate was 36. 96%. All the patients restored total enteral nutrition at the time of discharge (18±15) days. There was no post-operative mortality. Thirty-six patients were followed up (follow-up rate of 78. 26%), and the follow-up time was (25 ± 17) months. Tumor recurrence was occurred in 7 patients (19. 44%) during follow-up and 6 deaths (16. 67%). All of the 30 (83. 33%) survived patients maintained total enteral feeding, 27 of whom (75%) returned to normal diet. Twenty-one patients (58. 33%) underwent a second staging ostomy surgery in our hospital and recovered well. Conclusion: For selected patients with chronic radiation intestinal injury, ileostomy combined with perioperative nutrition support therapy could effectively restore intestinal patency and total enteral nutrition, and reduce the mortality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692112

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to characterize the bacterial profile presenting in peripheral blood of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients and investigate the potential role of circulating microorganisms in the development of systemic infection.Methods:A total of 30 patients with SAP were recruited in this study and divided into three groups:infected,sepsis and Septic shock (n =10 for each group).The peripheral blood was collected sterilely for extraction of DNA,which was subsequently amplified using the universe primers targeted the V6-V8 region of 16S ribosomal RNA genes.The amplicons were separated by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE),and then the gels were stained and photographed.The bands were cut out and sequenced to determine the closest bacterial relatives.Results:As shown in DGGE profile,multiple DNA bands (3 to 8 bands) were detected in peripheral blood from all (100%) of SAP patients complicated with septic shock.The microorganisms most frequently presenting in the blood of these cases included Escherichia coli,Bacillus coagulans,Pseudomonas putida,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,and Klebsiella pneumonia,with an incidence of 40 % or higher.In patients with sepsis,bacterial DNA consisting of 2 to 4 bands was observed in 90% of the blood samples.The most common bacterial species was Pseudomonas putida (60%),followed by Shigella flexneri (40%),Staphylococcus aureus (30%) and Enterococcusfaecium (20%).By contrast,the positive rate of blood bacterial DNA was relatively lower in infected patients (70 %).Of them,single bacterial species was commonly found in the blood samples.Conclusions:Our data showed that the bacterial profiles presenting in peripheral blood are distinct among SAP patients with different manifestations.Polymicrobial translocation could contribute to the development of systemic infection,offering novel insights into the pathogenesis of sepsis in SAE The findings are helpful for the prevention and treatment for bacterial infection and complications of SAP.

8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 305-307, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330399

ABSTRACT

Central venous catheters (CVCs) are widely used in various puncture and drainage operations in intensive care units (ICUs) in recent years. Compared to conventional operating devices, CVC was welcomed by clinicians because of the advantages of easy use, less damage to the body and convenient fixation process. We came across a patient with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) who developed cardiac arrest due to thoracic cavity massive bleeding 24 h after thoracocentesis with CVC. Thoracotomy surgery was carried out immediately, which confirmed an intercostal artery injury. The patient was discharged from hospital without any neurological complications two months later. Here we report this case to remind all the emergency department and ICU physicians to pay more attention to the complication of thoracic cavity bleeding following thoracocentesis conducted by CVC.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2294-2300, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols or fast-track (FT) programs enable a shorter hospital stay and lower complication rate. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with a lesser trauma and a quicker recovery in many elective abdominal surgeries. However, little is known of the safety and effectiveness made by ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness made by FT programs and MIS in combination or alone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We summarized an 11-year experience on gastric cancer patients undergoing elective laparotomy or minimally invasive gastric resection in standard cares (SC) or FT programs during January 2004 to December 2014. A total of 984 patients were enrolled and assigned into four groups: open gastrectomies (OG) with SC (OG + SC group, n = 167); OG with FT programs (OG + FT group, n = 277); laparoscopic gastrectomies (LG) with FT programs (LG + FT group, n = 248); and robot-assisted gastrectomies (RG) with FT programs (RG + FT group, n = 292). Patients' data were collected to evaluate the clinical outcome. The primary end point was the length of postoperative hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The OG + SC group showed the longest postoperative hospital stay (mean: 12.3 days, median: 11 days, interquartile range [IQR]: 6-16 days), while OG + FT, LG + FT, and RG + FT groups recovered faster (mean: 7.4, 6.4, and 6.6 days, median: 6, 6, and 6 days, IQR: 3-9, 4-8, and 3-9 days, respectively, all P< 0.001). The postoperative rehabilitation parameters such as flatus time after surgery (4.7 ± 0.9, 3.1 ± 0.8, 3.0 ± 0.9, and 3.1 ± 0.9 days) followed the same manner. After 30 postoperative days' follow-up, the total incidence of complications was 9.6% in OG + SC group, 10.1% in OG + FT group, 8.1% in LG + FT group, and 10.3% in RG + FT group. The complications showed no significant differences between the four groups (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ERAS protocols alone could significantly bring fast recovery after surgery regardless of the surgical technique. MIS further reduces postoperative hospital stay. It is safe and effective to apply ERAS protocols combined with MIS for gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Elective Surgical Procedures , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Care , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 680-686, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Alemtuzumab has been used in organ transplantation and a variety of hematologic malignancies (especially for the treatment of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia). However, serious infectious complications frequently occur after treatment. The reason for increased infections postalemtuzumab treatment is unknown at this stage. We explore the effect of alemtuzumab on intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and intestinal barrier function in cynomolgus model to explain the reason of infection following alemtuzumab treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve male cynomolguses were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control group. The treatment group received alemtuzumab (3 mg/kg, intravenous injection) while the control group received the same volume of physiological saline. Intestinal IELs were isolated from the control group and the treatment group (on day 9, 35, and 70 after treatment) for counting and flow cytometric analysis. Moreover, intestinal permeability was monitored by enzymatic spectrophotometric technique and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The numbers of IELs were decreased significantly on day 9 after treatment compared with the control group (0.35 ± 0.07 × 10 8 and 1.35 ± 0.09 × 10 8 , respectively; P < 0.05) and were not fully restored until day 70 after treatment. There were significant differences among four groups considering IELs subtypes. In addition, the proportion of apoptotic IELs after alemtuzumab treatment was significantly higher than in the control group (22.01 ± 3.67 and 6.01 ± 1.42, respectively; P < 0.05). Moreover, the concentration of D-lactate and endotoxin was also increased significantly on day 9 after treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Alemtuzumab treatment depletes lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and intestine of cynomolgus model. The induction of apoptosis is an important mechanism of lymphocyte depletion after alemtuzumab treatment. Notably, intestinal barrier function may be disrupted after alemtuzumab treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Alemtuzumab , Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Flow Cytometry , Intestines , Cell Biology , Lymphocytes , Macaca fascicularis , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357212

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the preliminary experience of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of radiogenic small bowel damage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 12 patients with radiogenic small bowel damage undergoing laparoscopic operation in our department from January 2012 to January 2013 were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two patients were transferred to laparotomy because of dense adhesion in the entire abdomen and uncertainty of metastatic malignancy, respectively. The laparoscopic surgery was successfully performed in other 10 patients. Three patients received enterostomy or colostomy because of intestinal obstruction or bleeding. Among the other seven patients who underwent intestinal resection and anastomosis, intestinal anastomosis was performed with an small adjunvant incision in the former two cases and performed under laparoscopy in the latter five cases. The post-operative complication included one anastomotic fistula.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic surgery can be safely used in radiogenic small bowel damage patients, which can avoid the delayed incision healing.</p>


Subject(s)
Colostomy , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , General Surgery , Intestine, Small , General Surgery , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 131-134, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the outcome of hepatic venousaplasty and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the treatment of the Budd-Chiari syndrome with occlusion of the hepatic veins.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients of the Budd-Chiari syndrome with occlusion of the hepatic veins (23 males and 27 females, with a mean age of (39 ± 11) years) were elected for venousaplasty or TIPS. The average of Child-Pugh scores was 9.6 ± 2.6. Three patients had a acute course of the disease, while 47 patients had a subacute or a chronic course of the disease. The clinical presentation was ascites in all 50 cases, with concomitant upper gastrointestinal bleeding in 10 patients, hepatorenal syndrome in 4 patients and impaired liver function in all patients. Hepatic venousplasty was performed for 12 patients with occlusion of hepatic venous. Hepatic and inferior caval venousplasty were performed for 6 patients with occlusion of hepatic and inferior caval vein. TIPS was performed for 13 patients with occlusion of small hepatic vein. Modified TIPS was performed for 19 patients with extensive occlusion of hepatic vein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The procedure of treatment was successfully performed in all patients. The shunt reduced the portosystemic pressure gradient from (41 ± 10) to (27 ± 6) cmH2O (1 cmH2O = 0.098 kPa, t = 20.20, P = 0.001) and improved the portal flow velocity from (14 ± 10) to (52 ± 14) cm/s (t = 15.02, P = 0.001) after TIPS or modified TIPS. Clinical symptoms and the biochemical test results improved significantly during 3 weeks after hepatic venousplasty and shunt treatment. During the hospitalization, the death occurred in 1 case due to hepatic failure and the acute occlusion of shunt was treated with secondary intervention in another case. The mean follow-up was (82 ± 46) months. The revisions of shunt with TIPS were needed in 2 patients and the inflation of stenosised hepatic vein in another 2 patients during the follow-up. All patients were still observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hepatic venousaplasty and TIPS provide an excellent outcome in patients of Budd-Chiari syndrome with occlusion of the hepatic veins.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Angioplasty , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , General Surgery , Female , Hepatic Veins , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 139-141, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate diagnosis and treatment of abdominal cocoon.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of patients received treatment for abdominal cocoon from January 2000 to January 2011 was retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 67 patients underwent treatment in our hospital were analyzed, the preoperatively diagnosis rate was only 47.8% (32/67). Patients who received preoperatively nutrition support have a lower postoperative complication (8/27 vs.13/20, χ(2) = 5.815, P < 0.05) and patients with less extent of intestine involved had a lower early postoperative inflammatory ileus (EPII) rate (9/25 vs. 1/22, χ(2) = 6.912, P < 0.05) when compared with large extent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Appropriate perioperative management play an important role in the prognosis of abdominal cocoon. The main treatment is surgery while preoperatively nutrition support can reduce postoperative complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Ileus , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Fibrosis , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of preoperative nutritional support in the management of patients with chronic radiation enteritis (CRE) with intestinal obstruction undergoing resectional surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 158 CRE patients undergoing diseased bowel resection from 2001 to 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 130 patients received preoperative nutritional support, including 28 patients with enteral nutrition support, 60 patients with total parenteral nutrition support, and 42 patients with combined nutritional support. The nutritional parameters, procedures, operation-related complications, and postoperative hospital stay were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After aggressive nutritional support in 130 patients, patients nutritional index, such as serum prealbumin, transferrin, serum albumin improved significantly preoperatively, while the change of body mass index and hemoglobin was not significant. Compared to those without preoperative nutritional support, those who received preoperative nutritional support had lower stoma rate (31.5% vs. 53.6%, P=0.027), less postoperative infection rate (13.8% vs. 32.1%, P=0.019), shorter postoperative hospital stay [(14.1±7.3) d vs. (18.8±15.8) d, P=0.013). Enteral nutrition group had less postoperative infection rate (7.1% vs. 21.7%, P=0.017), lower stoma rate (28.6% vs. 48.3%, P=0.02), and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(15.5±9.6) d vs. (21.7±19.0) d, P=0.025) as compared to total parenteral nutrition group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Preoperative nutritional support can decrease the stoma rate, postoperative infection rate, and shorten hospital stay in CRE patients complicated with intestinal obstruction. If tolerated, enteral nutrition support should be chosen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chronic Disease , Enteritis , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Support , Methods , Preoperative Care , Radiation Injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850401

ABSTRACT

Coagulation dysfunction after major war trauma is conventionally attributed to consumption and dilution of coagulation factors. However, recent studies have identified an acute coagulation dysfunction at the early stage after trauma. This coagulation dysfunction due to endogenous coagulation disturbance at the early stage after trauma is called acute traumatic coagulation dysfunction (ATCD), and the patients with ATCD would have an increased complication rate and mortality. Standard coagulation tests provide only limited information on the underlying coagulation disorder. Viscoelastic haemostatic assays (VHA) such as rotational thromboelastometry or thrombelastography offer a more comprehensive insight into the coagulation process. Early goal-directed coagulation therapy guided by VHA could change administration of blood products and improve diagnosis of trauma patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290865

ABSTRACT

Fast track surgery is a concept that perfectly integrates the latest evidence of perioperative managements including anesthesia, nursing, surgery and so on. The advantage of fast track surgery can be shown only when strict clinical pathway is ensured. This paper aims to analyze the main reasons why fast track surgery is difficult to be popularized in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Critical Pathways , Evidence-Based Medicine , Humans , Perioperative Care
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290772

ABSTRACT

Gut dysfunction is defined as the impairment of intestinal parenchyma and(or) intestinal function leading to dyspepsia, malabsorption, and(or) intestinal barrier dysfunction. In the stress state, gastrointestinal tract contributes to the physiopathological change, which is considered as the "central organ after stress". Because of ischemia, anoxia and metabolic disturbance, critical illness is frequently complicated with intestinal dysfunction, which is one of the difficulties to treat critically ill patients. Undoubtedly, nutritional support is one of the indispensable therapies of intestinal dysfunction, which is also difficult to manage. This report was aimed to elaborate the definition, causes of intestinal dysfunction, assessment of nutritional status, and design of nutritional support in these patients.


Subject(s)
Critical Illness , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Therapeutics , Humans , Multiple Organ Failure , Nutritional Support
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Lipoplus on postoperative nutritional status and inflammatory response in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four patients with gastrointestinal malignancies were randomized using random digit table to receive isonitrogenous, isocaloric total parenteral nutrition for 5 days including either Lipoplus or Lipofundin with 32 patients in each group. Blood samples were obtained before the surgery, postoperative days 1, 2, 3, and 6 to evaluate the nutritional status(prealbumin, retinol binding protein, and nitrogen balance) and inflammatory response [C-reaction protein(CRP), and leukotriene(LTB) 5, LTB4]. The incidence of postoperative systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS), infection, postoperative complications, mortality, APACHEII score, length of hospital stay and other clinical indicators were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>On postoperative day 1, prealbumin and retinol binding protein were significantly lower as compared to preoperative levels. These parameters increased significantly(P<0.05) on postoperative day 6 and the nitrogen balance was positive. On postoperative day 6, CRP was significantly lower in both groups as compared to postoperative day 3 (P<0.05), and the decrease was more prominent in Lipoplus than Lipofundin(P<0.05). There was a significant increase in LTB5/LTB4 as compared to postoperative day 1(P<0.05) in the Lipoplus group, however the increase was not statistically significant in the Lipofundin group(P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative infection was significantly lower in the Lipoplus group(3.1% vs. 6.3%, P<0.05), as was that of SIRS(9.4% vs. 15.6%, P<0.05). The APACHEII score was higher in the Lipoplus group but the difference was not statistically significant(3.6±2.0 vs. 3.3±2.1, P>0.05). The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in Lipoplus group[(6.4±1.1) d vs. (8.2±1.3) d, P<0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lipoplus can improve the postoperative nutritional status and minimize the inflammatory response in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fish Oils , Therapeutic Uses , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Humans , Inflammation , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Methods , Postoperative Care
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321532

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of robotic gastrectomy for gastric cancer using da Vinci surgical system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 120 patients who underwent robotic gastrectomy using da Vinci surgical system for gastric cancer from May 2010 to April 2012. Data regarding surgical and early oncological outcomes were systematically collected in a specific database for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 74 males and 46 females, with a mean age of 58.5 (22-80) years old. The type of robotic operation included 62 distal subtotal gastrectomies, 35 total gastrectomies, and 23 proximal gastrectomies. Reconstruction of the alimentary tract was achieved using extracorporeal method through a minilaparotomy in 55 cases, and intracorporeal robot-sewn anastomosis in 65 cases. There was 1 conversion (0.9%). The operative time was (245±50) min and the docking time (17±5) min. The blood loss was (70±45) ml. The number of harvested lymph nodes was 22.5±10.7. The resection margins were negative in all surgical specimens. The postoperative pathological stage consisted of stage I B in 24 cases, stage II in 28, stage III A in 47, and stage III B in 21. Six patients (5%) developed postoperative complication including 1 case of duodenal stump leakage, 2 cases of esophagus-gastric leakage, 1 case of small bowel obstruction, 1 case of delayed gastric emptying, and 1 case of abdominal bleeding. All the complications were cured by reoperation or conservative therapy, and there were no postoperative 30-day deaths. The postoperative hospital stay was (6.3±2.6) days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Robotic gastrectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer is a feasible and safe procedure, and is advantageous in terms of lymphadenectomy and alimentary tract reconstruction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 299-301, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the management of pancreatic injuries after blunt abdominal trauma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 42 patients with blunt pancreatic injury admitted from January 2001 to December 2010 was analyzed retrospectively. There were 38 male and 4 female patients, aging from 13 to 65 years with a mean of 31 years. The organ injury scaling of Committee of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST grade): grade I in 3 patients, grade II in 12 patients, grade III in 9 patients, grade IV in 13 patients and grade V in 5 patients. The mean injury severity score was 27 ± 21. Patients above AAST grade II underwent peritoneal drainage and "three neostomy" (gastrostomy, jejunostomy and gallbladder) according to damage control theory.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-eight patients got abdominal CT scanning with a positive rate of 79.9% (30/38). Forty patients underwent surgical procedures, and 2 patients with non-operative management. The surgical procedures include peritoneal drainage and "three neostomy" in 32 patients, pancreas suture or pancreatic tail resection in 6 patients, pancreatoduodenectomy or caudal pancreaticojejunostomy in 2 patients. Forty patients (95.2%) survived, 2 patients (4.8%) died and 16 patients (38.1%) had complications such as pancreatic fistula,pulmonary infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Abdominal CT scanning will benefit the preoperative diagnosis of blunt pancreatic trauma. Although the survival rate of patients with blunt pancreatic trauma might be improved by using the damage control surgery, the management of damage control surgery also needs to be modified because of the high rate of complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Drainage , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , General Surgery , Young Adult
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