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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression pattern of TCR variable region subfamily (Vβ and Vδ) in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma (TCL), and to compare the diagnostic value of TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis in TCL.Methods:The TCRVβ flow cytometry kit was used to detect the expression of Vβ subtypes of αβT cell in 199 patients with αβ TCL and 398 patients with non-TCL, who hospitalized in Jiangsu Provincial People Hospital from 2011 to 2020. Among them, 185 cases of αβ TCL and 355 cases of non-TCL also underwent TCRβ and TCRγ gene rearrangement detection. The TCRVδ based 10-color protocol was used to detect the expression of Vδ subtypes in 24 cases of γδTCL, 10 cases of normal controls, and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio from 2017 to 2020, and 24 cases of γδTCL and 15 cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio underwent TCRβ, TCRγ and TCRδ gene rearrangement detection. The diagnostic performance and degree of coincidence for detecting malignant clonality were compared between TCRVβ and TCRVδ analysis and the TCR gene scanning method.Results:In the 199 cases of αβ TCL, 182 cases (91.5%) showed restricted expression or the sum of the positive percentages of the subgroups was less than 30% for the 24 TCRVβ subtypes. Among them, the subfamily members with the highest incidence of clonal T lymphocytes were TCRVβ13.2 (12.6%, 23/182) and TCRVβ3 (8.2%,15/182); the TCRVβ subtypes showed nonclonal results in 99.0% (394/398) of non-TCL. All 24 cases of γδTCL (100%) showed abnormal distribution patterns of Vδ1 and Vδ2, of which 19 cases showed restricted expression of Vδ1, and the remaining 5 cases had negative expression of either Vδ1 or Vδ2, and the positive rate of Vδ1 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ2 cells (79.9%±10.8% vs 0.7%±0.3%, P<0.001). Among the normal control and cases with reactively higher CD4 and CD8 double-negative ratio, the positive rate of Vδ2 cells was significantly higher than that of Vδ1 cells (73.7%±6.7% vs 15.6%±4.2%, P<0.001), and all cases (25/25) showed a normal distribution pattern. In terms of the diagnostic performance of TCL, there was no significant difference of sensitivity and specificity between TCR variable region subfamily detection by flow cytometry and TCR gene scanning technology (the sensitivity was 92.4% and 91.4% respectively; the specificity was 99.0% and 95.9% respectively, P=0.065), and the coincidence rate of the two diagnostic methods is high (Kappa=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusion:Detection of TCR variable region subfamily by flow cytometry could quickly and effectively diagnose mature TCL.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 934-937,942, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603638

ABSTRACT

PurposePrimary chest wall rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is very rare with limited imaging characteristic studies in the literature. This paper analyzes the CT imaging features of chest wall RMS in children to improve the diagnostic accuracy.Materials and MethodsThe imaging data of contrast enhanced CT scan of pathology conifrmed chest wall RMS in ifve children were analyzed.ResultsThe lesion was located in the anterior chest wall in one case, in the posterior chest wall in two cases, and the lateral chest wall in two cases (axillary). The tumors were round or spindle in shape with shallow spiculation. Plain CT showed heterogeneous density with patchy low-density necrotic area in two cases, and homogeneous attenuation in three patients. In all ifve cases there was no calciifcation or fatty tissue. The tumor involvement of adjacent spinal canal was seen in one case. Visceral compression was evident including lung parenchyma in one case, heart and liver in one case. Tumor blood vessel growth was seen in two cases. All ifve lesions were adjacent to the ribs, humerus, scapula and the spine with bone destruction in one case. On contrast enhanced scan, all ifve cases demonstrated heterogeneous mild to moderate enhancement, more prominent in the periphery. There were enlarged feeding arteries. Necrotic areas did not enhance. In two cases there were pulmonary metastases. Pleural effusion and ascites were identiifed in one case. There was lymph node metastasis in one case.ConclusionThe CT manifestation of children's chest wall RMS for chest wall include large soft tissue mass, heterogeneous density, no calciifcation or fatty tissue, partial necrosis, adjacent tissue compression, lymph node or distant metastasis. Combining with clinical manifestations, comprehensive analysis of contrast enhanced CT imaging can improve diagnostic accuracy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434524

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical diagnostic value of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in breast cancer.Methods Ultrasound and MRI were performed in patients with breast disease.The postoperative pathological examination results were seemed as diagnostic criteria.The diagnostic accuracy was analyzed in two kinds of imaging examination.Results The diagnostic accuracy of MRI in breast cancer(86.9%) was significantly higher than the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis(39.3%),the sensitivity and specificity of MRI were significantly higher than those in ultrasonic diagnosis,the rate of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis rate of MRI were lower than those of ultrasonic diagnosis,the differences were statistically significant (x2 =6.583,12.573,4.892,23.175,8.649,all P < 0.05).Conclusion Ultrasound and MRI have high ability in diagnosis of breast cancer.MRI diagnostic efficacy has more advantages,but the ultrasound is convenient to operate and repeate inspection,can be used in screening.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To probe into the mechanism of Shenqi decoction on inhibiting apoptpsis of myocardial cell in?duced by ischemic reperfusion.METHODS:The mice were randomly divided into Shenqi decoction group(high,middle and low dosage groups),isosorbide dinitrate control group,blank control group and model group.The Shenqi decoction group and isosorbide dinitrate group were respectively administered with drugs by lavage for5days while the blank control group and model group were respectively administered with normal sodium by lavage for5days.Except the blank control group the is?chemic reperfusion model of each group was made,then the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD),the level of malondi?aldehyde(MDA)of cardiac muscle tissues were determined;the apoptotic index of myocardial cells and the expression of apoptosis-correlated protein Bcl-2and Bax were analyzed.RESULTS:Compared with the model group,the SOD activity and Bcl-2express index have been increased,but MDA level and bax express index have been decreased in Shenqi decoction group.CONCLUSION:Shenqi decoction does have a good protection effect on myocardial ischemia and myocardial cell injury induced by postischemia reperfusion.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:The effects of Astragulus injection on cardiac function in myocardial infarction convalescents were observed.METHODS:42 cases were randomly divided into two groups(therapeutic group and control group).21 cases in therapeutic group were treated with routine treatment and 21 cases in control group were treated with Astragulus injection on the basis of routine treatment for three weeks.The ejection fraction(EF),early diastolic peak velocity of blood flow(E),late diastolic peak velocity of blood flow(A) and A/E of all patients were measured with pulse ultrasonic Doppler cardiography before and after the treatment.RESULTS:After the treatment,the EF,E and A/E were improved (P

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