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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791233


Objective To investigate the effect of high active antiretroviral therapy ( HAART) on growth and development of infants born to pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the effect on blocking mother to children transmission.Methods Totally 165 pregnant women diagnosed with HIV infection from May 2006 to May 2017 and their 169 infants, including four pairs of twins were enrolled, and 82 infants born to HIV negative pregnant women in the same period were enrolled as control .All of the pregnant women in the experimental group were administrated with HAART when HIV antibody test was positive.The delivery intervention and artificial feeding were carried out as well.The weight, height, hemoglobin (Hb), serum iron and serum calcium level of infants at birth , 12 months and six years old were monitored and compared between the two groups.Apgar scores of newborns and intelligence tests at six-year-old were also recorded.Statistical analysis was performed by t test.Results Pregnant women were generally in good conditions and well tolerated to the drugs.There were no significant differences in neonatal Apgar scores , body weight, body length, Hb, serum iron, serum calcium and CD4+T lymphocyte count between HIV positive experimental group and control group (t =-1.27,-1.12,-3.41,-5.62,-0.89,-3.02 and-0.74, respectively, all P>0.05).At the age of 12 months, there were no significant differences in body weight , length, Hb, serum iron, serum calcium and CD4+T lymphocyte count between the two groups ( t =1.02, 1.41, 1.32, 1.03, 0.89 and 1.06, respectively, all P >0.05).At the age of six years, there were no significant differences in all indexes between the two groups (t=1.02, 0.87, 1.58, 1.03, 0.92 and 2.07, respectively, all P >0.05).Intelligence assessment was performed in 78 children of the experimental group and 45 children of the control group at the age of six years , and there was no significant difference between the two groups ((89.7 ±12.5) score vs (91.2 ±13.7) score, t=1.67, P=0.43).All the children in the experimental group were positive for HIV antibody at birth , and six cases were positive for HIV RNA who were diagnosed with neonatal HIV infection.HAART was initiated for the six cases , while HIV antibody tests were still positive until the age of 18 months after HAART.The rest of the children′s HIV antibody tests became negative with the mother to children tramsission rate of 3.55%(6/169).Conclusion HAART could not only block mother to children tramsission of HIV , but also has no effect on growth and intellectual development of children during the observation period.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696323


Objective To explore the change in 25 hydroxyvitamin D[25 -(OH)D]level in school - aged children with orthostatic hypertension (OHT). Methods Nineteen cases of school - aged children with OHT confirmed diagnosis by head - up tilt table test at the Department of Pediatric Cardiovasology,Children′s Medical Center,the Second Xiangya Hospital,Central South University,from October 2014 to February 2017,were selected as OHT group, including 17 males and 2 females,and their ages were from 7 to 14(11. 21 ± 2. 70)years old. Nineteen healthy children including 17 males and 2 females and aged 8 to 14(11. 05 ± 2. 35)years old who had a healthy examination of child care at the hospital in the same period were selected as healthy control group. In two groups of children all possible basic diseases were eliminated,such as severe liver and kidney disease,abnormal thyroid function and metabolic bone disease and/ or the long - term use of 25 -(OH)D metabolism drugs,accepted the serum 25 -(OH)D detection. Results (1)There was no significant difference in age and gender between the OHT group and the healthy control group(t = 0. 559,P > 0. 05;χ2 = 0. 000,P > 0. 05). The 25 -(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the OHT group than those in the healthy control group [(39. 62 ± 10. 65)nmol/ L vs. (64. 83 ± 10. 28)nmol/ L,t = - 7. 422,P <0. 01]. (2)25 -(OH)D levels had no correlation with age,gender,height,body mass,systolic pressure,or diastolic blood pressure (r = 0. 254,0. 047,0. 195,0. 019,- 0. 191,- 0. 184,all P > 0. 05). Taking 25 -(OH)D level as dependent variable,age,gender,height,body mass,systolic pressure,diastolic blood pressure as independent variables, multiple stepwise regression equation to predict 25 -(OH)D level was not fit. Conclusion Lower level of 25 -(OH)D may be one of the mechanisms for the onset of the school - aged children with OHT.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498336


Objective To study the influence of residual methylene blue after plasma viral inactivation on the human immune cell function by using the peripheral blood mononuclear cell(PBMC) .Methods PBMC were isolated by adopting the Ficoll‐Hypaque density gradient centrifugation method and co‐cultured for 72 h in presence of specific T cell stimulating factors(Anti‐CD3/28 and Anti‐CD28) ,with or without different concentration of methylene blue .The culture supernatant was collected and detected the cyto‐kines secretion situation by ELISA .After 66 h culture ,CCK‐8 dye was added and continueously cultured for 4-6 h ,the prolifera‐tion was determined at A450 .Results The high‐concentration doses of methylene blue (1 .25 ,2 .5 ,5 μmol/L groups) had signifi‐cantly inhibiting effect on the proliferation of PBMC stimulated by Anti‐CD3/28(P< 0 .01) ,its OD value was decreased from 0 .897 ± 0 .385 to 0 .632 ± 0 .334 ,0 .524 ± 0 .254 and 0 .445 ± 0 .287 respectively ,showing certain dose dependent effect .The high concentrations of methylene blue (1 .25 ,2 .5 ,5 μmol/L groups) could down‐regulate interleukin(IL)‐17a ,IL‐10 and interferon (IFN)‐γ secreted by anti‐CD28 induced PBMC ,moreover showing a dose dependent effect .1 .25 ,2 .5 ,5 μmol/L methylene blue af‐fected the IL‐17a level secreted by PBMC from (406 ± 57)pg/mL descending to (276 ± 38) ,(192 ± 31) ,(134 ± 24)pg/mL respec‐tively ;affected PBMC to secrete IL‐10 ,its level was reduced from (184 ± 15) pg/mL to (132 ± 13) ,(110 ± 12) ,(42 ± 8)pg/mL ;af‐fected PBMC to secrete IFN‐γ,its level was deduced from (4 512 ± 187)pg/mL to (2 876 ± 143) ,(2 234 ± 153) ,(1 988 ± 112)pg/mL respectively .Conclusion High concentrations of methylene blue (≥1 .25 μmol/L ) has the significant inhibiting effect on the proliferation and cytokine secretion functions of PBMC .In other words ,the residual methylene blue concentration in viral inactiva‐tion plasma (≤0 .33 μmol/L) has no obvious effect on the immune function of PBMC ,but whether this concentration of methylene blue having the effect on human pure T cell immune function needs to be further evaluated and studied .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462483


The automatic nervous system(ANS) has 2 main branches:the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.The ANS controls mainly automatic bodily functions that are engaged in homeostasis.Autonomic dysfunction lead to many diseases,for example,orthostatic intolerance etc.The relationship between vitamin D and cardiovascular disease has becomes the focus of study gradually in recent years.1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D participates in the regulation of renin-angiotensin axis,vascular effects.Vitamin D deficiency triggers secondary hyperparathyroidism,promotes the development of hypertension,diabetes,dyslipidemia which can influence the incidence and prognosis of cardiovascular disease as well.The study confirmed that vitamin D deficiency is one of the risk factors of cardiac autonomic dysfunction diseases such as orthostatic intolerance.The mechanism is still not very clear.Supplement of vitamin D can offer an effective method to decrease cardiovascular disease risk in populations with low vitamin D status.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387381


5 cases diagnosed with Dandy-Walker Syndrome from May 2006 to November 2009 were investigated and relevant literature reviewed. Dandy-Walker Syndrome was characterized by retarded motordevelopment and cerebellar signs. The latter was observed in 3 cases in our series. The disorder, mostly influencing childhood, typically causes the fourth ventricle enlarged, and the cauda cerebelli atrophic or even absent. MRI is the most optimal radiological method to diagnose it.