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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474080

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM: To investigate the SALL4 expression, proliferation and apoptosis in the LNCaP cells after transfection of SALL4 siRNA.METHODS: The expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.MTS assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to determine the prolifer-ation, colony formation ability and apoptosis of the LNCaP cells.The effect of SALL4 on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was analyzed by Western blotting.RESULTS:Compared with negative control group, the expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels in LNCaP cells was down-regulated by transfection of SALL4 siRNA ( P<0.05 ) .The proliferation rate and colony formation ability were decreased, while apoptosis rate increased in si-SALL4 group (P<0.05).Higher expres-sion of Bax and lower expression of Bcl-2 in si-SALL4 group were observed ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION:Down-regula-tion of SALL4 by siRNA not only suppresses LNCaP cell proliferation and colony formation, but also inhibits Bcl-2 expres-sion and activates Bax expression to induce apoptosis.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-936, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can facilitate the growth, migration, and invasion of the LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly defined. Here, we investigated whether PSMA serves as a novel regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling by employing PSMA knockdown model and PI3K pharmacological inhibitor (LY294002) in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSMA knockdown had been stably established by transfecting with lentivirus-mediated siRNA in our previous study. Then, LNCaP cells were divided into interference, non-interference, and blank groups. We first testified the efficacy of PSMA knockdown in our LNCaP cell line. Then, we compared the expression of PSMA and total/activated Akt by Western blotting in the above three groups with or without LY294002 treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the changes of activated Akt (p-Akt, Ser473) in groups. Besides, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 assay, Transwell analysis, and Flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PSMA knockdown, the level of p-Akt (Ser473) but not of total-Akt (Akt1/2) was significantly decreased when compared with the non-interference and blank groups. However, LY294002 administration significantly reduced the expression of p-Akt (Ser473) in all the three groups. The results of immunocytochemistry further confirmed that PSMA knockdown or LY294002 treatment was associated with p-Akt (Ser473) down-regulation. Decrease of cell proliferation, migration, and survival were also observed upon PSMA knockdown and LY294002 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, our results reveal that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibition may serve as a novel molecular mechanism in LNCaP prostate cancer cells of PSMA knockdown and suggest that Akt (Ser473) may play a critical role as a downstream signaling target effector of PSMA in this cellular model.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore near 9-year monitoring of hospital environmental health study to analyze the results of conventional research and take corresponding measures to the problem.METHODS Hospital Infection Control Branch Department full-time staff and part-time nurses were monitored by conventional monitoring of environmental hygiene,the results of an analysis of seasonal climate for different environmental factors and air-conditioning.Corresponding measures,with particular emphasis on air conditioning filters clean and disinfect through the monitoring results of 4000 cases for the control group and experimental group were compared at the same period a year.RESULTS Take appropriate measures before and after the monitoring results of environmental health science and the infection rate appeared too high a failure rate of 3-10 in the month of the month especially,the use of the control group occurred in a failure rate of 1.5%,Test group to adopt corresponding measures after the failure rate of 0.7%,2000-2008 can be seen from Table 1 the incidence of hospital infection in three hours before the measures taken before and after the distribution of differences(P

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 514-517, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255377

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the histogenesis, pathologic features and differential diagnosis of prostatic primary signet ring cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>10 cases of the primary signet ring cell carcinoma were detected from 262 cases of prostate carcinomas diagnosed on needle biopsy were investigated by routine pathological, immunohistochemical and histochemical methods, and then compared with 10 cases of signet ring cell carcinomas of the stomach and colon. 3 cases were studied with electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>9 cases of prostate signet ring cell carcinoma were associated with concurrent high-grade conventional prostatic carcinoma, but at least 25% of the neoplasm consisted of signet ring cells. Only one case was pure signet ring cell carcinoma. Neoplastic signet ring cells may be divided into two types: the first type showed formation of intracytoplasmic lumina or vacuole, and the second type had intracytoplasmic accumulation of excess PSA and/or PAP. Both types of signet ring cells were negative for mucin staining (AB/PAS and mucicarmine). Therefore they differed from signet ring cell carcinomas of the stomach and colon.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Primary prostate signet ring cell carcinoma is a low-differentiated adenocarcinoma of a special histologic type, which arises from the epithelial cells of the prostate acinus. They can be distinguished from metastatic signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach and colon and also from vacuolate degeneration of conventional carcinoma after endocrine or radiation therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Microscopy, Electron , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology
5.
China Oncology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542654

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:It has be reported that the activation of EGFR-STAT3 signal transduction pathway is involved in oncogenesis of many cancers.This study was to investigate whether EGFR-STAT3 pathway plays a role in the carcinogenesis of hepatoma in rats.Methods:Hepatoma induced by 3'Me-DAB was used as a model.EGFR,TGF?,STAT3,p-STAT3 in different stages of carcinogenesis were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.In situ hybridization was applied to investigate the expression of STAT3 mRNA.The slides were assessed by Carl Zeiss Image Analysis system.The data were statistically evaluated.Results:EGFR,TGF?,STAT3 were highly expressed at the stages of liver necrosis and repair.the expression of EGFR,TGFa,STAT3 and p-STAT3 has been found in all hepatomas and the levels of EGFR and TGFa were statistically higher than that in normal tissue,similarlly the STAT3 mRNA and protein level in hepatoma was much higher than in normal tissue(P

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