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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in patients with cerebral infarction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Consecutive patients with acute cerebral infarction who had cerebral microbleeds shown by susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) were enrolled to undergo polysomnography (PSG). The patients were divided into two groups, namely non-OSAHS group with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) less than 5 and OSAHS group with greater AHI, and the clinical and radiological features of cerebral microbleeds were compared between them.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-nine patients were enrolled in this study, including 27 (55.1%) with both cerebral infarction and OSAHS and 22 (44.9%) with cerebral infarction but not OSAHS. A comparison of the risk factors showed that hypertension, a smoking history, and a history of stroke were more prevalent in patients with OSAHS than in those without OSAHS (P<0.05). The incidences of subclinical stroke in OSAHS and non-OSAHS patients were 37.0% (10/27) and 9.0% (2/22) (P<0.05), respectively. Neurological imaging revealed a greater number of cerebral microbleeds in OSAHS group than in non-OSAHS group (P<0.05). In OSAHS patients, 77.8% of the microbleeds were distributed in cortical-subcortical areas, 55.6% in the basal ganglia area, and 25.9% in the infratentorial area, as compared to the percentages of 50.0%, 40.9% and 50.0% in non-OSAHS patients, respectively (P<0.05). In OSAHS patients, 40.7% also had leukoaraiosis, and 48.1% had two or more causes, as compared to the percentages of 13.6% and 18.2% in non-OSAHS patients, respectively (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>OSAHS can be a risk factor for cerebral microbleeds. Patients with both cerebral infarction and OSAHS tend to have greater and more extensive lesions of cerebral microbleeds, more complicated cause of the disease, and a grater likeliness of stroke recurrence.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Pathology , Cerebral Infarction , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Pathology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-550057

ABSTRACT

The experiments of rabbit mydriasis & isolated cat ciliare muscle paralysis of atropine Methobromide (AMB) have demonstrated that : AMB has much larger mydriasis effect. It effects faster than Atropine Sulfate, Homatropine & Tropinexamide in acetylcholin -induced ciliare muscle contraction. The combined-force of AMB on ciliare muscle is less than Atropine & Homatropine, but a little larger than Tropinexamide. There fore AMB is a rapid & short-time mydriasis agent & ciliare muscle paralysis agent.

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