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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 108-112, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462507

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a combined method ofβ-glucuronidase hydrolysis and LC-MS-MS analysis for the determination of scutellarein in human plasma, and investigate the pharmacokinetics of scutellarin prepara-tion in healthy male volunteers. Methods Plasma samples were prepared by enzymolysis with β-glucu-ronidase and protein precipitation with methanol. The analytes scutellarein and quercetin ( IS ) were separa-ted on an Agilent ZORBAX SB C18 column ( 2. 1 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phases consisting of acetonitrile, methanol and water. Multiple reaction monitoring ( MRM) on MS was used to monitor precur-sor to produce ion transitions of m/z 285. 0→136. 8 for scutellarein and m/z 301. 1→120. 8 for IS. After method validation, this method was applied to deter-mine the plasma concentration of scutellarein in 12 male volunteers following single oral administration of 120 mg scutellarin preparation. Drug And Statistic soft-ware (1. 0) was used to process data and the pharma-cokinetic parameters were calculated. Results The assay was validated with linear range of 4 . 01-513. 38μg · L-1 for scutellarein. The intra- and inter-batch precisions ( RSD%) were within 7. 22%. The absolute recoveries were more than 84. 23%. The pharmacoki-netic parameters after a single dose were as follows:Cmax (μg · L-1 ): 159. 97 ± 58. 14; AUC(0-19) (μg · L-1·h):1151. 37 ±279. 80; AUC(0-∞)(μg·L-1· h):1194. 13 ± 264. 51; Tmax ( h):6. 33 ± 1. 67; T1/2 (h):2. 83 ± 0. 60. Conclusion The assay method is proved to be sensitive, accurate and convenient. It can be successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of scutellarin in healthy male volunteers.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1402-1407, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454526

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a LC-MS/MS method for the determination of hydroxysafflor yellow A ( QA ) in human plasma. Methods After being added into 0. 2M ammonium acetate (1∶1,V/V), QA was extrac-ted using solid-phase extraction technique, and the eluent was directly injected into LC-MS/MS systems. Agilent ZORBAX SB C18 (3. 0 × 100 mm, 3. 5 μm) column and isocratic elution system composing of meth-anol and 0. 2 mM ammonium acetate (70 ∶ 30, V/V) provided chromatographic separation of QA and internal standard isorhamnetin-3-O-neohespeidoside ( SLS) fol-lowed by detection with mass spectrometry. The mass transition ion-pair was followed as m/z 611 . 131→490. 900 for QA and m/z 623. 032→298. 800 for SLS. Results The retention time of QA and SLS was 2. 7 min and 3. 9 min respectively, with no interference in human blank plasma. The proposed method showed good linearity over the concentration range of 8. 57 ~4185 μg·L-1 for QA with a correlation coefficient≥ 0 . 9949 . The lower limit of quantitation was 8. 570 μg ·L-1 . The intra-batch and inter-batch precision and accuracy were within 7%. The average matrix effect ranged from 115. 72% to 119. 06% with RSD less than 5%. The average extraction recovery ranged from 77. 75% to 80. 76% with RSD less than 5%. Stability of human samples after 4 h at room temperature, after the three freeze-thaw cycles and after 31 days at -70℃, and post-preparative stability of the processed sam-ples after 24 h was acceptable. Plasma samples with the concentration beyond the upper quantitation limit could be accurately determined after being diluted using 6. 25 times ( V/V ) of human blank plasma. Conclusion Our current LC-MS/MS method is sensitive, accurate and convenient, and is proved to be suitable for the sys-tematic study on clinical pharmacokinetics of QA.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532346

ABSTRACT

Kidney transplantation is a high-cost and high-risk surgery,thus genuine informed consent from the patients and their family members is indispensable both for protecting rights of patients and ensuring medical safety.Guided by related regulations and ethical guidelines,this paper proposes necessary information which should be provided for patients,one example of Informed Consent Form(ICF) composing of information sheet,and consent signature form offered for reference.The proposed ICF applies three accepted requirements for informed consent,i.e.,completely being informed,fully understood and free to make choice.

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