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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of computer-assisted cognitive remediation therapy (CACR) on the improvement of cognitive functioning in patients with major depressive disorder during the recovery period.Methods:Sixty-seven patients with major depressive disorder, during the recovery period, were included according to the inclusion criteria. All of them were from Hangzhou Seventh People’s psychiatry department and were selected during the September 2016 to September 2018 time period and were randomized into the CACR group and the observation group. The previously used conventional drug treatment was continued for 8 weeks in both groups, but an additional 8-weeks was given to the CACR group, mainly for intensive attention training and memory. The CACR training time was 8 weeks, once a day each for attention and memory training for 20 minutes. Before treatment and at the end of the 8-week treatment, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Trail Making Test A, Trail Making Test B, and Stroop test were used to measure cognitive function.Results:67 patients with depression during the remission period were included. The control group included 32 patients, 18 males (57%) and 14 females (43%), aged (29.0±9.2) years old; 35 patients in the intervention group, 20 males (56%) and 15 females (44%), aged (28.0±9.2) years old. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, years of education, scores on the Chinese version of Webster's adult intelligence scale, scores on Hamilton depression scale, and course of illness. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of WCST performance, TMT performance, and scores on the Stroop test at baseline ( P>0.05). After the 8-week treatment, the CACR group demonstrated better performance on the mean number of trials [(76.8±14.3) vs.(83.6±14.6)], the number of correct classifications [(27.9±1.8) vs.(26.6±2.6)], perseverative errors [(24.4±3.3) vs.(27.4±4.8)],non-perseverative errors [(17.97±3.1) vs.(22.2±4.3)], and the mean time for completing part B of TMT [(86.1±15.6) vs.(119.6±16.2)]. However, there were no significant differences between the groups on mean number of categories completed, mean time for completing part A of TMT, the right numbers in Stroop-C and Stroop-CW, and the completed numbers in Stroop-C and Stroop-CW ( P>0.05). Conclusion:CACR can effectively improve the cognitive function in patients with major depressive disorder who have stabilized.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753196

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical feature and treatment outcome of paediatric posttraumatic endophthalmitis.Methods A retrospective case study was performed.Twenty-six paediatric posttraumatic endophthalmitis children with 26 eyes were enrolled in Shandong Eye Hospital from April 2014 to April 2017.The clinical features,causes of trauma,time and mode of treatment,complications and visual acuity were analyzed.The subjects were graded according to the prognostic status,and the prognosis of the children was compared among different treatment time,vitrectomy time,operation frequency and antibiotic application.Results Of 26 cases,including 20 males and 6 females,aged from 1 year to 13 years,the average age was (6.56±3.25) years.The subjects were divided into infant group (2 cases,7.69%),preschool group (10 cases,38.46%) and school age group (14 cases,53.85%).The main cause of injury was wire,accounting for 34.62% (9/26).Syringe needles accounted for 15.38% (4/26).Fireworks accounted for 11.54% (3/26).All of the 26 cases received vitrectomy,24 cases combined with lens extraction (92.31%).Among the 26 cases,8 cases had no primary visual acuity record;in the remaining 18 cases,the visual acuity at last follow-up was significantly improved when compared with the preoperative primary visual acuity (x2 =7.385,P =0.033).The positive rate of pathogenic bacteria culture in aqueous humor and vitreous humor was 23.08% (6/26),gram-positive cocci was the main pathogenic bacteria of posttraumatic endophthalmitis,which account for 83.3% (5/6).The prognostic grade was grade 1 in 15 cases (57.7%),grade 2 in 7 cases (26.9%) and grade 3 in 4 cases (15.4%).There were significant differences in the number of prognostic grading cases among children with different hospitalizing time or vitrectomy time (all at P<0.05).The hospitalizing time,time of vitrectomy,number of operations and systemic application of antibiotics were positively correlated with the prognosis grade (rs =0.580,0.414,0.428,0.535;all at P < 0.05).Conclusions Children with posttraumatic endophthalmitis should undergo vitrectomy as early as possible,which can receive better prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641183

ABSTRACT

Background Corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) shows good clinical effects for keratoconus,and de-epithelized CXL appears to be benefit to the distribution and absorption of riboflavin in cornea stroma.However,de-epithelization of CXL will increase the infective risk and corneal healing time.It is very important to understand and control the affecting factors of corneal repair after de-epithelization of CXL.Objective This study was to evaluate the characteristics of corneal epithelial repair and analyze the relevant factors affecting corneal healing time after de-epithelized CXL.Methods A series-cases observational study was performed.De-epithelized CXL was performed on 77 eyes of 68 keratoconus patients in Shandong Eye Hospital from September 2013 to September 2015 under the approval of Ethic Committee of this hospital and informed consent of each patient.The age,corneal curvature,corneal thickness,breakup time of tear film (BUT),corneal front astigmatism (Astig) and epithelial healing time of the patients were recorded after surgery.The correlations between corneal epithelium healing time and above-mentioned factors were analyzed.Results De-epithelized CXL was smoothly finished in all the eyes.The corneal epithelium healing time was 2-12 days after surgery,with the average healing time 5 (4,6) days.The mean age,thickness at corneal thinnest point,minimal cornea curvature (Kf),maximal corneal curvature (Ks),corneal average curvature (Km) and Astig was 22.00 (18.00,25.00) years,436 (412,470) μm,47.40 (44.70,50.45) D,52.10 (49.00,54.55) D,50.00 (47.15,53.15) D and-3.30 (-5.45,1.70) D,respectively.Spearman rank correlation analysis showed significant negative correlations between corneal epithelium healing time and BUT or the thickness at corneal thinnest point (BUT:rs =-0.334,P =0.003;corneal thickness:rs =-0.417,P =0.000),and thesignificant positive correlations were found between corneal epithelium healing time and Km,Kf and Ks (Km:rs =0.449,P =0.000;Kf:rs =0.300,P =0.008;Ks:rs =0.432,P =0.000).There were no considerable correlarions between corneal epithelium healing time and age or Astig (age:rs =0.023,P =0.845;Astig:rs =-0.190,P =0.098).Multiple linear regression analysis were carried out to study the dependent variable and independent factors.Because of the multiple co-linearity between variables,this paper corrects the model by using ridge regression.There is significant negative correlation between BUT,corneal thickness and corneal healing time,respectively (both at P<0.05),corneal curvature Km and Kf is positively correlated with corneal healing time (both at P < 0.05).Conclusions The corneal thickness,Kf,Km,as well as BUT are influencing factors of epithelial healing after CXL.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of arginase Ⅰ(ArgⅠ)rs2781 666 G/T genotype with the susceptibility of mod-erate and severe chronic periodontitis(MSP)and coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods:DNA was obtained from buccal swabs of 50 patients with MSP,46 with CHD,42 with MSP and CHD,and 50 matched healthy controls.Genotypes of rs2781 666 G/T was analyzed by PCR-PFLP method.The genotype distribution in the 4 groups was compared.Results:Higher representation of ArgⅠrs2781 666 al-lele T was found in CHD group than that in the healthy control individuals(P <0.01 ),and there was no statistical differences among the other 3 groups.Conclusion:Allele T of ArgⅠrs2781 666 may be associated with CHD susceptibility.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467660

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the difference of cognitive function in patients of first-episode schizophrenia with and without metabolic syndrome.Methods Event related potential detection and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) was determined in 57 patients of first-episode schizophrenia with metabolic syndrome (research group) and 57 patients of first-episode schizophrenia without metabolic syndrome (control group),and the psychiatric symptom in two groups was assessed by the application of the positive and negative symptoms scale (PANSS).Results The memory quotient score was (78.51 ± 12.54) scores in research group,and (92.01 ± 17.49) scores in control group,and there was significant difference between two groups (t =-2.130,P=0.047).The short-term memory,instantaneous memory impairment in research group were lower than those in control group(t =2.151-3.054,P=0.007-0.046).The latency of P300 was (325.10 ±22.46) ms in research group and (284.60 ±22.46) ms in control group,and there was significant difference (t =3.454,P =0.003).The amplitude was (6.56 ± 1.61) μ V in research group and (9.78 ±1.73) μV in control group,and there was significant difference (t =-4.307,P =0.000).Conclusion The patients of first-episode schizophrenia with metabolism syndrome has more severe cognitive impairment than those without metabolism syndrome.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428639

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of vitreoretinal surgery for myopic foveoschisis,evaluate the visual prognostic factors.Methods Twenty-seven eyes of 23 patients with myopic foveoschisis underwent vitreoretinal surgery were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients had undergone the examinations of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA),intraocular pressure,slit lamp microscope,direct ophthalmoscope,binocular indirect ophthalmoscope, A or B ultrasonic scan and optical coherence tomography (OCT).Follow-up duration varied from 6 to 36 months,with the mean of (19.4± 10.03)months.The visual acuity,retinal reattachment and the complications were observed.Logistic regression analysis was performed to predict the prognosis of visual acuity.Results Twenty-one eyes (77.78%) were anatomically reattached, six eyes (22.22%) were not anatomically reattached. Postoperative BCVA improved in 24 eyes (88.89%),reduced or remained unchanged in three eyes (11.11%). No ocular complications such as fundus hemorrhage,low or high intraocular pressure,endophthalmitis were found.The preoperative BCVA (OR =9.11,P =0.007),axial length (OR =0.31, P =0.038) and the photoreceptor inner and outer segment (IS/OS) junction line continuity (OR=4.32,P=0.001) are closely related to visual prognosis.Conclusions Vitreoretinal surgery is an effective approach to treat myopic foveoschisis with both anatomical and visual improvement.The preoperative BCVA,axial length and IS/OS line continuity are closely related to visual prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414272

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with 10HZ , 80%motor threshold repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation ( rTMS ) on the cognitive function in unipolar depression. Method Sixty-nine patients with unipolar depression were randomly assigned to either the real rTMS group or the sham rTMS treatment( the control group) ,all patients were given extended releasing venlafaxine. the cognitive function was evaluated using P300 and Repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status ( RBANS-immediate memory, visuospatial, language, attention, delayed memory, total score), Wisconsin card sorting test ( WCST-Right responses, Completed categories, Total errors , Preservative errors, Nonpreservative errors ). The depression severity was assessed with the 24-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression(HAMD-24). All of tests were examined before and after six weeks with thirty times rTMS. Results At the end of six weeks treatments, regarding the WCST,real rTMS group showed better improvement in the right responses than control group(33.23±10.29 vs 27.09 ± 9.82, F= 16. 116 , P= 0. 000), besides right responses, real rTMS group had better performance in the rest items than control group(F=4.862 ~ 17.758, P= 0.031 ~ 0.000) ;concerning the RBANS, real rTMS group was significantly superior to control group in total score( (88.83 ± 16.48 ) vs (78.85 ± 13.51 ), F= 8. 425,P = 0. 005 ), besides total score , the real rTMS group had better performance in some rest factors than control group (F= 10.088 ~20. 801, P=0. 002 ~0.000);real rTMS group showed better improvement in the amplitude of P3than control group( (8.27 ± 2.97 ) μV vs ( 7.37 ± 2.66) μV, F= 5. 838 , P=0.018 ) ;real rTMS group demonstrated better improvement in HAMD-24 than control group( (4.7 ±2.4)vs ( 11.2 ±5.1 ), F= 29.537, P=0. 000).Conclusion rTMS can significantly improve cognitive function and depressive symptoms with unipolar depression.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544004

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate expression of extracelluar signal regulated protein kinase(ERK)and phosphorylation ERK(p-ERK)in the temporal lobe from patients with DR-TLE so as to explore the possible roles of ERK in the pathogenesis of DR-TLE.Methods Expression of ERK was detected with Western blot and immunohistochemistry in 32 patients with DR-TLE(24 temporal lobe,8 hippocampi),as compared with 12 controls(9 temporal lobe,3 hippocampi).Results ERK and p-ERK expression in DR-TLE was significantly higher(0.2266?0.0613,0.2097?0.0183 and 0.1924?0.0054,respectively)than those of controls(0.1840?0.0023,0.1974?0.0056 and 0.1825?0.0063,respectively,all P

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543685

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of heat shock 27 000 associated protein 1 ( HSPBAP1, GenBank: AK096705) in the brain tissues of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy and discuss its function in the pathogenesis. Methods Fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction ( FQ-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to test the expression of HSPBAP1 in the surgically removed brain tissues of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy from the brain bank of our department ( n = 36) , and the results were compared with that of normal controls (n = 8 ). Results The relative expression of HSPBAP1 mRNA in the brains of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy was more than 34. 11 times that of controls, and HSPBAP1 protein expression was significantly increased in temporal lobe cortex (0. 0507?0. 0003, P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-546889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of ULBP2 protein in the brain tissues of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy and its clinical significance.Methods:Gene-chip,immunofluorescence and Western blot were used to test expression of ULBP2 in the surgically removed brain tissue of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy from the brain bank of our department(n=42),and the results were compared with that of normal controls (n=12).Results:The relative increasing expression of ULBP2-gene in the brain of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy,and ULBP2 protein expression was significantly increased in temporal lobe cortex of patients with drug-refractory epilepsy as compared with the same regions of the controls specimens.Conclusion:The results indicate that the overexpression of ULBP2 may be involved in the pathophysiology of drug-refractory epilepsy.

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