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1.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 915-917, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the best processing method for Strychni Semen with children's urine by orthogonal test. Methods:L9(34) orthogonal test was used with the types of children's urine, dosage of children's urine, soaking time and drying temperature as the influencing factors,HPLC was applied to determine the contents of brucine and strychnine as the indices to obtain the comprehensive weighted score. ANOVA was used to optimize the processing technology of Strychni Semen with children's urine. Results:The soaking time showed significant effect on the content of brucine and strychnine, while the other three factors had no significant effect. The best processing technology was A1B1C3D3. Conclusion:The optimum processing of Strychni Semen with children's urine is as follows:3-year-old children's urine with 3-fold amount is used to soak for 10 d,and the drying temperature is 90 ℃. The method is stable and reliable, which can be used for the new processing technology of Strychni Semen.

2.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1106-1108, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619742

ABSTRACT

Objective: To research the best processing method for ginger pinellia by orthogonal tests.Methods: The orthogonal tests included the soaking time, boiling water and cooking time as the influencing factors, an HPLC method was used for the determination of 4 nucleosides (uridine, guanosine, adenosine, inosine), and the alum limit and extract content were also studied.The results were evaluated by multi index comprehensive weighted score to optimize the processing technology of ginger pinellia.Results: The best processing technology of ginger pinellia was as follows: soaked for 60 hours, the proportion of boiling water and pinellia tuber was 15:1, and boiled for about 5 h.Conclusion: The optimum processing technology of ginger pinellia is reasonable, reliable and reproducible, which can be used as the reference for the processing standardization of Chinese crude drugs.

3.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 738-740, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the best processing method for Bupleurum chinense DC.by orthogonal tests.Methods:With the contents of saikosaponin a and saikosaponin d as the indices,the L9(34) orthogonal table was used to study three factors including the amount of wheat bran,pot temperature before heating and processing time.The orthogonal design was applied to study the processing technology of Bupleurum chinense DC.fried with wheat bran.Results:The best processing method was as follows:100 g Bupleurum chinense DC.was mixed with 10 g wheat bran and fried at 290 ℃ for 80 seconds.Conclusion:The optimized processing technology is reasonable,reliable and highly reproducible,which provide reference for the processing of Bupleurum chinense DC.with wheat bran.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510122

ABSTRACT

s: Objective To establish an HPLC method to determine the contents of ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re and ginsenoside Rb1 in Wenyang Zhenshuai Granules.Methods The separation was preformed on Agilent TC-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase consisted of acetonitril-0.05% aqueous solution of phosphoric acid with gradient elution (0–35 min, 19% acetonitrile; 35–58 min, 19%–29% acetonitrile; 58–70 min, 28% acetonitrile; 70–100 min, 29%–40% acetonitrile). The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min; the wavelength of detector was 203 nm; the temperature of column was 35℃.Results The calibration curves showed good linearity in the range of 0.22–2.2 μg (ginsenoside Rg1,r=0.9998), 0.22–2.2 μg (ginsenoside Re,r=0.9998) and 0.26–2.6 μg (ginsenoside Rb1,r=0.9991), respectively. The average recoveries of ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re and ginsenoside Rb1 were 98.04%, 96.58% and 96.75%, respectively.Conclution The method is accurate, hypersensitized and reproducible, which can be applied to the quality control of Wenyang Zhenshuai Granules.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247768

ABSTRACT

With human placed in the whole nature, by following the biologic evolution path, the property of channel structure for "imprinting template" in meridian andwas explored with supramolecular chemistry. In the history of biologic evolution, each molecule in "molecule society" gradually developed into various highly-ordered supramolecular bodies based on self-identification, self-assembly, self-organization, self-replicating of"imprinting template", and thereby the original biochemical system was established, and finally evolved into human. In the forming process of supramolecular bodies, the channel structure of"imprinting template" in guest supramolecular bodies would be kept by host supramolecular bodies, and communicate with the outside to exchange materials, energy, information, otherwise life phenomenon could not continue, for which it was the chemical nature of biolo-gical supramolecular bodies for body to develop meridian. Therefore, the human was a gigantic and complicated supramolecules body in biological nature, and possessed the supramolecules "imprinting template" at each stage of evolution, for which the meridians were formed. When meridians converged, acupoints appeared; when acupointsconverged,appeared. With the promotion of the blood from heart, according to"imprinting template", the guest supramolecular bodies and host meridian produced-analysis, which was the-phenomenon of guest in meridian. It presented asimage of physiology and pathology as well as action regularities of medication and acupuncture tolerance, by which current various meridian viewpoints could be explained and propose the hypothesis of meridian supramolecular bodies. The meridian and its phenomenon was decide by its "imprinting template" of supramolecular bodies and self-reaction regularities, which abided through the living nature. This was the substance for meridian biology.

6.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 230-232, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To research the best processing method of ginger juice baking for Rhizoma coptis. Methods:The total con-tent of four alkaloids including berberine hydrochloride determined by HPLC was used as the evaluation index, and an L9(34)orthogo-nal design with three factors including the amount of ginger juice, baking temperature and baking time and variance analysis were ap-plied to study the ginger juice baking technology for Rhizoma coptis. Results:The best processing conditions were as follows:Rhizoma coptis was soaked with 15% ginger juice, baked at 150℃ for 40 min, and withdrawn to be cool. Conclusion:The optimal ginger juice baking technology for Rhizoma coptis is reasonable, which can be used to guide the standardized production of Rhizoma coptis with gin-ger juice baking.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1453-8, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445483

ABSTRACT

The paper aims to elucidate and establish a new mathematic model: the total quantum statistical moment standard similarity (TQSMSS) on the base of the original total quantum statistical moment model and to illustrate the application of the model to medical theoretical research. The model was established combined with the statistical moment principle and the normal distribution probability density function properties, then validated and illustrated by the pharmacokinetics of three ingredients in Buyanghuanwu decoction and of three data analytical method for them, and by analysis of chromatographic fingerprint for various extracts with different solubility parameter solvents dissolving the Buyanghanwu-decoction extract. The established model consists of four mainly parameters: (1) total quantum statistical moment similarity as ST, an overlapped area by two normal distribution probability density curves in conversion of the two TQSM parameters; (2) total variability as DT, a confidence limit of standard normal accumulation probability which is equal to the absolute difference value between the two normal accumulation probabilities within integration of their curve nodical; (3) total variable probability as 1-Ss, standard normal distribution probability within interval of D(T); (4) total variable probability (1-beta)alpha and (5) stable confident probability beta(1-alpha): the correct probability to make positive and negative conclusions under confident coefficient alpha. With the model, we had analyzed the TQSMS similarities of pharmacokinetics of three ingredients in Buyanghuanwu decoction and of three data analytical methods for them were at range of 0.3852-0.9875 that illuminated different pharmacokinetic behaviors of each other; and the TQSMS similarities (ST) of chromatographic fingerprint for various extracts with different solubility parameter solvents dissolving Buyanghuanwu-decoction-extract were at range of 0.6842-0.999 2 that showed different constituents with various solvent extracts. The TQSMSS can characterize the sample similarity, by which we can quantitate the correct probability with the test of power under to make positive and negative conclusions no matter the samples come from same population under confident coefficient a or not, by which we can realize an analysis at both macroscopic and microcosmic levels, as an important similar analytical method for medical theoretical research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438294

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze characteristics of Chinese Materia Medica ( CMM ) preparations in order to identify the long-term development direction of this discipline and suggest key questions and strategies to solve the problems. According to the development track of CMM preparation, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) basic theories and modern new drug research techniques were combined with the author's experiences on modernization study of TCM. This article discussed key issues of CMM preparation development direction, characteristics and is-sues need to be solved and their countermeasures. The results showed that the development direction for CMM preparation discipline should entirety unify CMM preparation system. The medical resource should be convenient which include animal, plant and mineral products. The single determinacy (effectiveness, stability and controlled) and compatibility (prediction, optimization and lowest toxin) will be applied in the guidance of CMM preparation system. In order to achieve goals mentioned above, key issues need to be solved are efficiency categories for in-gredients, genetical stabilities and one sampling charge, emigration rules of properties among ingredients, the ki-netic and stable rules of ingredient extraction, controlled rules for integral models or for disorder and torrent, e-valuation rules in vivo and in vitro, microscopic and macroscopic qualities, determinacy for single administration and compatibility for combination applications. It was concluded that the CMM preparation is a series of integral unified effective ingredient preparations that behave the determinacy for single administration and compatibility for combination applications.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To eluciate and establish a new population pharmacokinetic mathematical models and parameter calculation for the multiple components in the Chinese Matria Medica Formula (CMMF) through analyses of population pharmacokinetic parameter calculation for single compounds.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The model was been set up by statistic moment principle to form a new population pharmacokinetics for the mutiple components in CMMF according to the single compound population pharmacokinetic parameter calculation principle.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>It have been established the mathematical model for the population pharmacokinetic model for CMMF that consisted of a series of parameters: 1) total quantum zero moment as AUC(T), 2) first moment as MRT(T), mean residence time of metabolism, 3) second moment as VRT(T), variance of mean residence time of metabolism, 4) total body clearance CL(T), 5) total apparent volum V(T), 6) 95% of total ingredient metabolic time interval PI(T)(0.95), 7) 95% of total ingredient accumulation metabolic time interval Pa(T)(0.95) etc that were correlated with single population pharmacokinetic parameters.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The population pharmacokinetic model and parameter calculation for CMMF can be established on the bases of single compound population pharmacokinetics by way of total quantum statistic moment principle to be expansived taylor expression at point of population parameter typical values to divide population pharmacokinetic total quantum statistical moment parameters into the four term of typical value, fixed effect, biologic variation and experiment error.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Biological , Pharmacokinetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251188

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the unitive multicomponent quality system bridged macrostate mathematic model parameters of material quality and microstate component concentration for Chinese materia medica (CMM).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>According to law of biologic laws of thermodynamics, the state functions of macrostate qulity of the CMM were established. The validation test was carried out as modeling drug as alcohol extract of Radix Rhozome (AERR), their enthalpy of combustion was determined, and entropy and the capability of information by chromatographic fingerprint were assayed, and then the biologic apparent macrostate parameters were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The biologic macrostate mathematic models, for the CMM quality controll, were established as parameters as the apparent equilibrium constant, biologic enthalpy, Gibbs free energy and biologic entropy etc. The total molarity for the 10 batchs of AERR were 0.153 4 mmol x g(-1) with 28.26% of RSD, with the average of apparent equilibrium constants, biologic enthalpy, Gibbs free energy and biologic entropy were 0.039 65, 8 005 J x mol(-1), -2.408 x 10(7) J x mol(-1) and - 8.078 x 10(4) J x K(-1) with RSD as 6.020%, 1.860%, 42.32% and 42.31%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The macrostate quality models for CMM can represent their intrinsic quality for multicomponent dynamic system such as the CMM, to manifest out as if the forest away from or tree near from to see it.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Models, Theoretical , Quality Control , Thermodynamics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study on the differences of metabolites in the blood of rats after injection or oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba and of 2-undecanone in order to validate hypothesis of network compatability and to establish the theoretical foundation of elucidating metabolic mechanism for multiple constituents in Chinese Material.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was employed for qualitative determination of the metabolites in blood of rats by injection or oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba and of 2-undecanone, which were compared with the differences between binary two drugs as well as two administration.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There were 45 kinds of ingredients in volatile oil for original materials for Houttuyniae Herba, and 53, 69 kinds of metabolites were detected in blood of rats for oral administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba, and 2-undecanone, respectively, whereas 52, 42 kinds of metabolites were detected for injection administration. Although there were various constitutes, i. e. single versus multiple ingredients, administrated by various ways, i. e. oral versus injection, the metabolites were so similar with each manners, in which alpha-pinene and beta-myrcene occurred in two constitute forms and two administrations, while there were 18, 13 kinds of ingredients for oral or injection administration of volatile oil in Houttuyniae Herba, i. e. 34%, 25% of total ingredients, respectively, and 17, 15 kinds of ingredients, i. e. 24.6%, 35.7% for that of, 2-undecanone, respectively, on average of 29.8% that suggested one of third as co-metabolites.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are network compatibility existed in metabolism of the houttuynia volatile oil in rats, and similar metabolic pathways in accordance with original plant, among their ingredients no matter alone or multiple constitute forms and oral or injection administration.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Herb-Drug Interactions , Houttuynia , Chemistry , Injections, Intravenous , Ketones , Pharmacokinetics , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacokinetics , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579209

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the determination method for osthol in Compound Shechuang Tincture. Methods Hypersil ODS column was used and methanol-water (70∶30) was used as a mobile phase. The flow rate was at 1.0 mL/min and the detection wave-length was at 322 nm. Results Osthol had a good linear relationship between 0.018~0.126 ?g (r =0.999 9). The average recovery was 98.55% and RSD was 1.45%. Conclusion This method is simple, rapid and accurate. It can be applied to determining osthol in Compound Shechuang Tincture.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the effect of different extraction methods on the content of berberine hydrochloride in Rhizoma Coptis.METHODS:Berberine hydrochloride in Rhizoma Coptis was extracted respectively by China Pharmacopoeia extraction method,reflux method,ultrasound wave method and refluxing&ultrasonic wave extracting method,and the content of which was determined by HPLC.RESULTS:There were significant differences in the extraction content of berberine hydr_ ochloride between the extraction method stated in China Pharmacopoeia and the other extraction methods(P

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573438

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of different process methods on the content of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract from Rhizoma Drynariae. METHODS: The contents of total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae processed in different ways were assayed by polyamide chromatography and ultraviolet spectroplotometry; the contents of the aqueous extract were assayed by extraction in water. RESULTS: The contents of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract in Rhizoma Drynariae increased after it was processed and purified. The contents of total flavonoids and the aqueous extract in Rhizoma Dyrnariae hotted in sands, at constant temperature oven and microwave process were not influenced, but easier to be extracted in water by these methods. CONCLUSION:Microwave processis better than the other methods.

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