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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 495-501, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707962

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between changes of striatal dopamine D2receptors non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) in 11C-Raclopride PET-CT and brain regional homogeneity (ReHo) derived from resting state functional MRI (fMRI) in patients with first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) . Methods Patients with first-episode MDD and age and sex matched healthy volunteers accepted brain 11C-Raclopride PET-CT and resting state fMRI. MIAKAT based on MATLAB and Rest 1.8 were used to calculate BPNDof brain dopamine D2receptors and brain ReHo, respectively. Changes of striatal dopamine D2receptors BPNDand brain ReHo values were analyzed by paired-sample t test and two independent sample t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BPNDand ReHo. Results Twenty patients with first-episode MDD were enrolled as MDD group, and 20 healthy volunteers as the control group. The two groups were all right-handed, and there were no statistical differences for age (t =1.33,P=0.19)and gender(χ2=0.10,P=0.75). Compared with the control group, the ReHo in MDD patients increased in the bilateral striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen), bilateral medial prefrontal lobes, and right thalamic (27 to 56 voxels, P<0.05) and decreased in the left middle frontal gyrus, the left anterior cingulate, the left hippocampal and the right amygdala (21 to 35 voxels, P<0.05). In addition, compared with the control group, BPNDof bilateral caudate nucleus and putamen dopamine D2receptors in the MDD group were decreased (t=-4.41 to -3.13, P<0.05). Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between D2 receptors BPNDand ReHo of bilateral caudate nucleus and putamen (r=-0.81 to-0.62, P<0.05). And there was a negative correlation between ReHo of the bilateral medial prefrontal lobes and BPNDof the same lateral caudate nucleus and putamen D2receptors in the MDD group (r=-0.86 to-0.52, P<0.05). Besides, ReHo of the left middle frontal gyrus, right thalamic, left anterior cingulate, left hippocampal and right amygdala had no correlation with the D2receptors BPNDof the striatum in the MDD group (-0.27 to 0.39, P>0.05). Conclusion There were abnormal levels of dopamine neurotransmitter in the cerebral striatum regions and abnormal brain activities in the brain region associated with dopamine reward circuit in the first-episode MDD patients, and there was a correlation between the two abnormalities.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 113-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of various diffusion parameters obtained from monoexponential, biexponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in assessing hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B(CHB). Methods A total of 52 patients who were diagnosed hepatitis B by the markers of hepatitis and were confirmed by liver biopsy pathology were prospectively recruited between June 2014 and May 2016 in People's Hospital of Henan Province. Concomitantly, 30 healthy volunteers who had no history of hepatitis B and liver dysfunction were enrolled in the control group. All patients underwent multi-b values DWI on a 3.0 T MRI unit. ADC was calculated by using the monoexponential model. True diffusion coefficient(Dt),pseudo diffusion coefficient(Dp)and fraction of perfusion(f)were calculated by using the biexponential model.Distributed diffusion coefficient(DDC)and water molecular diffusion heterogeneity index(α)were calculated by using the stretched exponential model. Liver biopsy specimens were staged according to the degree of hepatic fibrosis (S0 to S4). The Kruskal-Wallis test was employed for the comparison of each parameter among the control group and the fibrosis stage groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was adopted to compare each parameter between fibrosis stage≤S1and≥S2,between≤S2 and≥S3.Spearman rank correlation coefficients were obtained to assess the correlation of the parameters with the fibrosis stages.ROC analysis was used to evaluate the performance of various parameters in predicting stage≥S2 and≥S3.Results The hepatic fibrosis stage distributions were as follows:1 cases with S0,9 cases with S1,22 cases with S2,11 cases with S3,9 cases with S4.ADC,Dt,f and DDC values all showed significant difference among the control group and groups S1,S2,S3,S4(all P<0.05), while Dp and α values showed no significant difference(P>0.05). Dt, DDC and ADC showed a moderate negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.630,-0.603 and-0.464,respectively,all P<0.01),and f showed a mild negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.379,P<0.05),while Dp and α values showed no correlation with the fibrosis stages(all P>0.05).The ADC, Dt, f and DDC values all showed significant difference between stage≥S2 and≤S1,between stage≥S3 and≤S2(all P<0.05),and the parameter values of the former were greater than those of the latter. While Dp and α values showed no significant difference among both groups(all P>0.05).The AUCs of ADC,Dt,f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage ≥S2 were 0.738,0.835,0.740 and 0.831, and the AUCs of ADC, Dt, f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage≥S3 were 0.716, 0.811, 0.672 and 0.798. Conclusion The Dt derived from biexponential and DDC derived from stretched exponential DWI could be useful for the staging of hepatic fibrosis in CHB.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 505-510, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610959

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively determine the feasibility of high-resolution in vivo MR imaging in the evaluation of esophageal carcinoma invasion at 3.0 T.Methods One hundred and eighteen patients with esophageal carcinoma,proven by the gastroscopic biopsy,were prospectively studied using 3.0 T MR.The esophageal specimens were sectioned transversely to keep consistent in the orientation with the MR images,the histopathological stage was made and the thickness of the tumor on the largest diameter of the slice were measured.The MR images were reviewed in the transverse plane.According to the seventh American joint committee on cancer,the MR stage was made and the tumor's thickness was measured.The MR images and the histopathological slices were matched.The staging diagnostic efficacy of the MR imaging was evaluated with the histopathological results as the standard reference,Kappa test was used to compare the stage of MR imaging with that at the histopathological analysis.Bland-Altman scatterplots were used to compare the thickness of tumor measured on the MR images with that at the histopathological measurement.Results Ninety seven cases(82.2%,97/118) of MR stage were accurately made,including 7 T1a,15 T1b,18 T2,25 T3 and 32 T4a cases,furthermore,14 cases were over staged and 7 cased were underestimated.The MR stage was highly consistent with the histopathological stage (Kappa=0.772).The sensitivity for the staging of high-resolution MR imaging at 3.0 T was 58.3%(7/12) to 100.0%(32/32),the specificity was 95.3% (82/86) to 98.1% (104/106),and the accuracy was 91.5% (108/118) to 96.6% (114/118),respectively.Bland-Altman scatterplots demonstrated that the discrepancy of the mean thickness between the value obtained by three radiologists respectively and the histopathological analysis were 2.0,2.6 and 2.1 mm,which demonstrated a good consistency.Conclusion High-resolution MR images obtained at 3.0 T can be used to evaluate the depth of carcinoma invasion and provide excellent diagnostic accuracy for preoperative staging.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463220

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore effects of parents exposure to TBT on blood routine of F1 generation mice. Methods 80 mice including 40 males and 40 females, were randomly divided into control groups (CK) , low dose groups (LTBT), middle dose groups (MTBT) and high dose groups (HTBT).They were given dose of TBT (0,0.2,2, 20μg/kg) every day.The experiment lasted 45 days.At 60 days, one female and one male of the same concentration were bred in the same cage according to 1∶1.At postnatal day 60, blood was collected for the determination of blood routine. Results Compared with control group, the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin of F1 generation male mice in LTBT and HTBT groups were significantly increased (P <0.01); Red blood cell volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin (P <0.01), and the lymphocyte absolute value in F1 generation male LTBT were significantly reduced (P <0.05); HTBT of female mice were significantly increased about the number of red blood cells (P <0.01).A dose-dependent increase of the hemoglobin, red blood cells, and platelet count of F1 generation female experimental groups was observed.Conclusion Parental TBT exposure affects the F1 mice blood routine.There is the greatest influence on LTBT in F1 generation male mice and on HTBT in F1 generation female mice.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3082-3087, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The diagnosis of liver fibrosis is a difficult task at any time using conventional clinical imaging. Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) can be used to investigate both diffusion and perfusion changes in tissues. This study was designed to determine the value of IVIM in the diagnosis and staging of liver fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>IVIM examinations were performed on a GE 3.0T MR scanner in 25 patients with liver fibrosis and 25 healthy volunteers as the control group. Patients with liver fibrosis diagnosis were confirmed by pathology and staged on a scale of F0-4. The standard ADC values and the values of a biexponential model (slow ADC (Dslow), fast ADC (Dfast) and fraction of fast ADC (FF)) were measured in three liver regions per person. The mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values from the study group were compared among the right posterior hepatic lobe, right anterior hepatic lobe and medial segment of the left lobe. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and independent-samples t-tests were used to calculate the mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values from the study group and the control group. Spearman rho correlation analysis was used for the stage of liver fibrosis. The liver fibrosis stages between the groups F0-1 and F2-4, the groups F0-2 and F3-4 were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the liver fibrosis, there was no significant difference in the mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values, and FF values obtained from the right posterior hepatic lobe, right anterior hepatic lobe and medial segment of the left lobe. Using ROC analysis, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) values of standard ADC, Dslow, Dfast, FF were all between 0.7 to 0.9. The mean standard ADC values, Dslow values, Dfast values and FF values of the liver in the study group were significantly lower than the values in the control group (P < 0.05). As the stage of the fibrosis increased, the values decreased by Spearman rho correlation analysis. The mean values (standard ADC, Dslow, Dfast, and FF) of liver fibrosis stages between the groups F0-1 and F2-4, the groups F0-2 and F3-4 showed significant differences (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IVIM can reflect the conditions of perfusion and diffusion in liver fibrosis and thus distinguish between normal liver and liver fibrosis. The IVIM technique may serve as a valuable tool for detecting and characterizing liver fibrosis, and monitoring its progression in a noninvasive manner.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Female , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Liver Cirrhosis , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged
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