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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932686

ABSTRACT

Objective:Simultaneous integrated boost radiation technique in limited-stage small cell lung cancer is lack of evidence. This prospective study aims to evaluate whether the simultaneous integrated boost is as efficacious and safe as conventional fractionated radiotherapy.Methods:Patients diagnosed with treatment-naive and confirmed limited-stage SCLC were eligible. Participants were randomly assigned (1: 1) to receive simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy (PGTV 60.2 Gy/2.15 Gy/28F, PTV 50.4 Gy/1.8 Gy/28F) or conventional fractionated radiotherapy (PTV 60 Gy/2 Gy/30F). The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival, and the secondary endpoints were 2-year overall survival, 2-year local-regional recurrence-free survival and toxicity.Results:Between February 2017 and July 2019, 231 patients were enrolled. We analyzed 216 patients whose follow-up time was more than 2 years or who had died, among whom 106 patients in the conventional fractionated radiotherapy group and 110 patients in the simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy group. The median follow-up time was 37 months (95% CI: 35.2-38.7). The 2-year progression-free survival rates were 45.2% vs. 38.2%( HR=1.22, 95% CI: 0.87-1.72, P=0.2). The 2-year overall survival rates were 73.5% vs. 60.9%( HR=1.35, 95% CI: 0.90-2.04, P=0.14). The 2-year local-regional recurrence-free survival rates were 68.7% vs. 69.9%( HR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.62-1.56, P=1.0). Multivariate analysis showed that early radiotherapy yielded better 2-year progression-free survival, overall survival and local-regional recurrence-free survival than delayed radiotherapy in two groups ( HR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.18-2.41, P=0.003; HR=1.72, 95% CI: 1.09-2.70, P=0.018; HR=1.66, 95% CI: 1.01-2.73, P=0.046). Tumor staging was an influencing factor of overall survival (stage Ⅲ vs. stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ, HR=3.64, 95% CI: 1.15-11.57, P=0.028). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were myelosuppression (21.7% vs. 15.4%, P=0.83), radiation pneumonitis (4.7% vs. 2.7%, P=0.44) and radiation esophagitis (3.8% vs. 1.8%, P=0.51). Conclusions:Simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy yields equivalent efficacy and toxicities to conventional fractionated radiotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer. Early radiotherapy can enhance clinical prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and tolerance of sequential thoracic radiotherapy combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) after induction systemic therapy.Methods:ES-SCLC patients from a phase I trial and a real-world study were enrolled for those who received thoracic radiotherapy after induction systemic treatment (chemotherapy/chemotherapy combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors) and consolidated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. These two studies were both approved by the Ethics Committee of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Cancer Hospital (Clinical Trials.gov number, NCT03971214, NCT04947774).Results:Between January 2019 and March 2021, a total of 11 patients with ES-SCLC were analyzed, aged 52-73 years, with a median age of 62 years. Among them, five patients (45.5%) received induction chemotherapy and six patients (54.5%) received chemotherapy combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor, and then all received intensity-modulated thoracic radiotherapy after evaluation of systemic treatment efficacy. Two patients developed treatment-related grade G3-5 toxicity (18.2%, 1 treatment-related pneumonitis and 1 radiation esophagitis). G 1-G 2 hematologic toxicity, pneumonia, and anorexia were common mild toxicities. Only one patient (9.1%) terminated immunotherapy due to immune-related pneumonitis. During a median follow-up time of 12.5 months (range: 3.5-16.4 months), the median disease progression-free survival and overall survival was 7.4 months (95% CI: 6.9-8.0 months) and 14.6 months (95% CI: 9.0-20.2 months), respectively. Conclusions:Sequential thoracic radiotherapy followed by PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor is safe and feasible in patients with ES-SCLC after induction therapy. Given that both thoracic radiotherapy and immunotherapy benefits the ES-SCLC in survival, this comprehensive treatment modality warrants further investigation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and failure patterns of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) on the basis of modern chemoradiotherapy and diagnostic techniques.Methods:In this retrospective study, clinical data of 201 LS-SCLC patients treated with chemotherapy (EP/CE regimens, ≥4 cycles) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed. All patients were primarily managed with concurrent or sequential chemoradiotherapy and achieved complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). Ninety percent of patients were revaluated for brain metastasis (BM) by MRI and 10% by CT scan. Long-term survival and failure patterns were compared between the PCI ( n=91) and non-PCI groups ( n=110). Results:The median follow-up time was 77.3 months (95% CI 73.0-81.5 months). The median overall survival (OS), 2-and 5-year OS rates were 58.5 months, 72.5% and 47.7% in the PCI group, and 34.5 months, 61.7% and 35.8% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.075). The median progression-free survival (PFS), 2-and 5-year PFS rate were 22.0 months, 48.0% and 43.4% in the PCI group, significantly higher than 13.9 months, 34.4% and 26.7% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.002). The 2- and 5-year cumulative incidence of BM were 6.6% and 12.2% in the PCI group, and 30.0% , 31.0% in the non-PCI group ( P=0.001). The median time and rate of BM as an isolated first site of relapse were 11.9 months and 4.4% in the PCI group, and 8.7 months and 25.5% in the non-PCI group ( P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that response after chemoradiotherapy ( P<0.001) and PCI ( P=0.033) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. Stratified analysis demonstrated that PCI significantly improved the 5-year PFS in patients who achieved CR (72.7% vs. 48.0%, P=0.013), while it did not improve the 5-year PFS in patients who obtained PR (26.1% vs. 20.2%, P=0.213). Conclusion:In the new era of standard chemoradiotherapy and more accurate diagnostic methods for BM, PCI was associated with improved PFS and lower incidence of BM in LS-SCLC patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745306

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and toxicity between nedaplatin-and cisplatin-based regimens in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods From January,2015 to December,2016,patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy were included in this study.Patients received thoracic radiotherapy (RT) combined with nedaplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy were enrolled in the nedaplatin group (n=38).Those treated with thoracic RT combined with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were allocated into the cisplatin group (n=84).The chemotherapy regime consisted of platinumin combination with paclitaxel or etoposide.Platinum combined with pemetrexed was adopted in patients with adenocarcinoma.Overall,the median age was 58 years old.Most of the patients were male (86.1%),77.0% of them had a history of smoking and 63.9% of the patients were pathologically diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma.Besides,59.0% of the patients had Ⅲ B NSCLC.Results In the nedaplatin and cisplatin groups,the overall response rate (ORR) was 79% and 86%,and the disease control rate was 94% and 94%.The median follow-up time was 20 months.In the nedaplatin group,the 1-and 2-year PFS was 49% and 23%,and 67% and 39% in the cisplatin group (P=0.160).In the nedaplatin group,the 1-and 2-year OS was 91% and 72%,and 89% and 68% in the cisplatin group (P=0.552).Nine patients (24%) had ≥grade 3 adverse events in the nedaplatin group and 25 patients (30%) in the cisplatin group (P=0.488).No statistical significance was found in radiation-induced esophagitis,bone marrow suppression and gastrointestinal toxicity between two groups.One patient in the nedaplatin group presented with grade 3 radiation-induced pneumonitis and 2 patients died of radiation-induced pneumonitis in the cisplatin group.Conclusions Thoracic radiotherapy combined with nedaplatin-based chemotherapy is a promising option for patients with unresectable locally NSCLC.Compared with the cisplatin-based chemotherapy,nedaplatin-based regime yields equivalent clinical efficacy and less adverse events,especially suitable for the elderly patients with poor tolerance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the tolerability and short-term efficacy of chemo-radiotherapy in 125 patients with stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection.@*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the rate of completion, toxicity and survival of patients undergoing adjuvant concurrent chemo-radiotherapy after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma from January 2004 to December 2014 in our institution. The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed using the log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model.@*Results@#122 patients received more than 50 Gy dose (97.6%). A total of 52 patients received more than 5 weeks chemo-radiotherapy (41.6%), while 73 patients underwent only 1-4 weeks (58.4%). The median following up was 48.4 months. 8 patients lost follow up (6.4%). The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rate were 91.6% and 57.0%, respectively, with a median survival time of 64.4 months. The 1-year and 3-year disease free survival rate were 73.2% and 54.3%, respectively, with a median disease free survival time of 59.1 months. The most common acute complications associated with chemo-radiotherapy were myelosuppression, radiation esophagitis and radiation dermatitis, the majority of which were Grade 1-2. Of the 125 patients, there were 59 cases of recurrence, including 23 cases with local regional recurrence, 26 cases with hematogenous metastasis, and 8 cases with mixed recurrence. Univariate analysis showed that the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with the overall survival (P=0.006). But receiving more than 5 weeks was not the prognostic factor compared to 1 to 4 weeks chemotherapy (P=0.231). Multivariate analysis showed that only the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.010).@*Conclusions@#Postoperative radiotherapy concurrent with weekly chemotherapy could improve the overall survival and decrease the recurrence for stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection. However, the completion rate of chemotherapy was low, so it was necessary to explore reasonable regimens to improve the completion rate and carry out prospective randomized controlled trial.

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 295-302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805064

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The role of planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy in the non-radical resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was unclear. The study aimed to evaluate their therapeutic effect and analyze the prognostic factors.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received neoadjuvant radio therapy (33 patients) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (119 patients) from January 2004 to December 2016 in our single-institution database.The survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic factors were analyzed by using Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards model.@*Results@#The median follow-up was 29.8 months. One hundred and one patients survived more than 3 years. The rates of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years were 63.9% and 55.6%, respectively.The rates of complete, partial and minimal pathological response of the primary tumor were 50.3%, 38.4%, 11.3%, the corresponding 3-year OS were 75.5%, 57.4%, 27.3% (P<0.001) and 3-year DFS were 72.0%, 44.7%, 17.6% (P<0.001), respectively.The postoperative lymph node metastasis rate was 27.0%. The 3-year OS and DFS of the lymph node positive group was 45.6% and 32.8%, significantly lower than 70.8% and 63.7% of the negative group (both P<0.001). The 3-year OS and DFS of pathologic stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅢA, ⅢB and Ⅵ A were 76.2%, 57.4%, 64.7%, 35.0%, 33.3% (P<0.001) and 70.1%, 49.3%, 41.2%, 22.1%, 33.3% (P<0.001), respectively.The operation-related mortality was 3.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, more than 15 lymph node dissection and ypTNM stage were the independent prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05 for all).@*Conclusions@#The planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for the non-radical resection of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma could result in favorable survival. The chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, the number of lymph node resection and ypTNM stage are the independent prognostic factors of the prognosis of these patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.@*Methods@#Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 3.0), SRILT was defined as ≥grade 2 radiation-induced lung toxicity. Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.@*Results@#Among 227 enrolled patients, 190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy. Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy. Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT, 5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, relatively large PTV, mean lung dose and V20- V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015, 0.048 and<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.017 and P=0.009).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791418

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic radiation-induced lung toxicity (SRILT) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with modern radiotherapy after surgery.Methods Clinical data of consecutive NSCLC patients treated with postoperative three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between November 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE,version 3.0),SRILT was defined as ≥ grade 2 radiationinduced lung toxicity.Potential clinical risk factors and dosimetric parameters for SRILT were evaluated using logistic regression model.Results Among 227 enrolled patients,190 cases underwent lobectomy and 37 patients received pneumonectomy.Twenty-three patients (10.1%) developed SRILT after lobectomy.Seventeen patients experienced grade 2 SRILT,5 cases of grade 3 SRILT and 1 case of grade 4 SRILT.Univariate analysis showed that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy,relatively large PTV,mean lung dose and V20-V40 were significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILT (P=0.015,0.048 and<0.001).Multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 were significantly associated with the incidence of SRILT (P =0.017 and P =0.009).Conclusions The incidence of SRILT is relatively low in NSCLC patients after postoperative radiotherapy.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and V20 are risk factors of SRILT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807137

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the short-term clinical efficacy and adverse events of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*Methods@#From January to December 2016, 58 patients (47 male and 11 female) with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC received concurrent or sequential chemoradiotherapy. The radiation dose was ranged from 38 Gy to 66 Gy. The radiation dose was equal or higher than 56 Gy in 53 patients (92%). The median radiotherapy fraction was 30, 1.8 Gy to 3.0 Gy for each fraction. Twenty-eight patients (48%) received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.@*Results@#The median follow-up time was 9 months. The 1-year overall survival (OS) rate was 84% and the 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 48%.Eleven patients (19%) suffered from symptomatic radiation pneumonitis and one of them died of radiation pneumonitis. Within 6 months after radiotherapy, 31 patients (53%) developed asymptomatic local pulmonary fibrosis on CT images. Seventeen patients (29%) suffered from grade Ⅱ esophagitis. Ten cases (17%) had ≥ grade Ⅲ adverse events and 9 of them presented with leucopenia.@*Conclusions@#VMAT yields high short-term clinical efficacy and tolerable adverse events in the treatment of locally advanced NSCLC, which does not increase the risk of pneumonitis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-451, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806730

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of pretreatment Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio(NLR) in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients treated with thoracic radiotherapy.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyze 420 patients who received thoracic radiotherapy alone, sequential chemoraiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced stage NSCLC from January 2007 to December 2010 of our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups (high NLR group and low NLR group) with appropriate cutoff point using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve method. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method. The Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two NLR groups and the multivariate analysis was carried out by Cox regression model.@*Results@#Among the 420 patients, 99 received radiotherapy alone, 139 received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 182 received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. 345 patients died and 75 were still alive. The median follow-up time was 5.2 years and the median overall survival was 22 months. The cut-off value of pretreatment NLR was 2.1. The 5-year PFS and OS rates in high NLR group and low NLR group were 10.6% vs 15.7% (P=0.033) and 15.5% vs 22.7% (P=0.012). Multivariate analysis confirmed that pretreatment NLR (hazard ratio 1.06, P=0.041) was independent prognostic factor of OS.@*Conclusions@#Our study revealed that the pretreatment NLR is the independent prognostic factor of OS in patients with locally advanced stage NSCLC treated with thoracic radiotherapy. However, NLR is still greatly influenced by patient′s condition and treatment which needs further research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708177

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of intensity-modulated radiotherapy(IMRT)combined with chemotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer(LS-SCLC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 484 LS-SCLC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy in our center from 2006 to 2014. The patients with partial or complete response to IMRT received prophylactic cranial irradiation(PCI). The Kaplan?Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and the log-rank test and Cox regression were used for univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. Results In all the patients, the follow-up rate was 93%;the median overall survival(OS) time was 23.8 months;the 2-,3-,and 5-year OS rates were 48.7%,39.8%,and 28.6%,respectively;the median progression-free survival(PFS)time was 14.1 months;the 2-, 3-, and 5-year PFS rates were 34.4%,30.5%, and 28.3%, respectively. The incidence rates of grade ≥3 bone marrow suppression, grade ≥2 radiation esophagitis, and grade ≥2 radiation pneumonitis were 26.9%, 24.8%, and 18.4%, respectively, in SCLC patients after IMRT. The objective response rate was 84.5%. The univariate analysis showed that age, smoking history, TNM stage, PCI, and the number of chemotherapy cycles before radiotherapy were prognostic factors for OS(P= 0.006, 0.001, 0.047, 0.000, and 0.046). The multivariate analysis showed that smoking history and PCI were independent prognostic factors(P=0.001 and 0.000).Conclusions IMRT combined with chemotherapy achieves satisfactory clinical outcomes in the treatment of LS-SCLC. Smoking history and PCI are independent prognostic factors for OS of LS-SCLC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620253

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rescue treatment for recurrent esophageal cancer after radical esophagectomy, and to provide insights into the development of comprehensive treatment for esophageal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 218 patients who were confirmed with recurrent metastatic esophageal cancer after R0 resection and received rescue treatment in our hospital from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method.Univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively.Results The median post-recurrence follow-up time was 53 months.The 1-and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after recurrence were 57.2% and 24.4%, respectively.Among the 163 patients with local recurrence, the 1-and 3-year OS rates were 70% and 42% for patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (n=40), 55% and 24% for those with radiotherapy alone (n=106), and 23% and 8% for those with supportive therapy (n=13)(chemoradiotherapy vs.radiotherapy alone P=0.045, radiotherapy alone vs.supportive therapy P=0.004;none of the patients who were treated with chemotherapy alone survived for one year or more).Univariate analysis showed that N staging, TNM staging, and post-recurrence rescue treatment regimen were independent prognostic factors for esophageal cancer (all P=0.001).On the other hand, multivariate analysis indicated that only rescue treatment regimen was the independent prognostic factor for esophageal cancer (P=0.013).Conclusions Rescue chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone can bring significant survival benefits for patients with recurrent and metastatic, especially locally recurrent, esophageal cancer following radical esophagectomy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490835

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical value of postoperative radiotherapy for node-positive middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ( TESCC ) and to modify the target volume .Methods A total of 286 patients with node-positive middle TESCC underwent radical surgery in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, from 2004 to 2009.In addition, 90 of these patients received postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and the log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis.The Cox model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.The chi-square test was used for comparing the recurrence between patients receiving different treatment modalities.Results The 5-year overall survival ( OS) rates of the surgery alone ( S) group and surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy ( S+R) group were 22.9%and 37.8%, respectively, and the median OS times were 23.2 and 34.7 months, respectively ( P=0.003) .For patients with 1 or 2 lymph node metastases (LNMs), the 5-year OS rates of the S group and S+R group were 27.3%and 44.8%, respectively ( P=0.017);for patients with more than 2 LNMs, the 5-year OS rates of the S group and S+R group were 16.7%and 25.0%, respectively (P=0.043).The peritoneal lymph node metastasis rates of N1 , N2 , and N3 patients in the S group were 2.9%, 10.9%, and 20.0%, respectively ( P=0.024) .The S+R group had a significantly lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis rate than the S group ( for patients with 1 or 2 LMNs:8.0%vs.35.3%, P=0.003;for patients with more than 2 LNMs, 10.0%vs.42.3%, P=0.001) , and had a prolonged recurrence time compared with the S group ( 25.1 vs.10.7 months, P=0.000) .However, for patients with more than 2 LNMs, the S+R group had a significantly higher hematogenous metastasis rate than the S group (46.7%vs.26.1%, P=0.039).Conclusions Patients with node-positive middle TESCC could benefit from postoperative radiotherapy.The target volume can be reduced for patients with 1 or 2 LNMs.Prospective studies are needed to examine whether it is more appropriate to reduce the radiotherapy dose than to reduce the target volume for patients with more than 2 LNMs.A high hematogenous metastasis rate warrants chemotherapy as an additional regimen.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488159

ABSTRACT

[ Abstract] Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of preoperative three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with or without concurrent chemotherapy for esophageal carcinoma.Methods We retrospectively analyzed 103 esophageal carcinoma patients who received preoperative 3DRT with or without concurrent chemotherapy from 2004 to 2014 in Cancer Hospital CAMS.The median radiation dose was 40 Gy, and the TP or PF regimen was adopted for concurrent chemotherapy if needed.The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival ( DFS) were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival difference and univariate prognostic analyses were performed by the log-rank test.The Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The number of patients followed at 3-years was 54.The 3-year OS and DFS rates were 61.1% and 54.9%, respectively, for all patients.There were no significant differences between the 3DRT and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) groups as to OS (P=0.876) and DFS (P=0.521).The rates of complete, partial, and minimal pathologic responses of the primary tumor were 48.0%, 40.2%, and 11.8%, respectively.There were significant differences in OS and DFS between the complete, partial, and minimal pathologic response groups (P=0.037 and 0.003). No significant difference in pathologic response rate was found between the 3DRT and CCRT groups (P=0.953).The lymph node metastasis rate was 26.5%, and this rate for the complete, partial, and minimal pathologic response groups was 14%, 30%, and 67%, respectively, with a significant difference between the three groups (P=0.001).The OS and DFS were significantly higher in patients without lymph node metastasis than in those with lymph node metastasis (P=0.034 and 0.020).The surgery-related mortality was 7.8% in all patients.Compared with the 3DRT group, the CCRT group had significantly higher incidence rates of leukopenia (P=0.002), neutropenia (P=0.023), radiation esophagitis (P=0.008), and radiation esophagitis ( P=0.023).Pathologic response of the primary tumor and weight loss before treatment were independent prognostic factors for OS and DFS (P=0.030,0.024 and P=0.003,0.042). Conclusions Preoperative 3DRT alone or with concurrent chemotherapy can result in a relatively high complete pathologic response rate, hence increasing the survival rate.Further randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm whether preoperative CCRT is better than 3DRT in improving survival without increasing the incidence of adverse reactions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480477

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the incidence and related predictive factors for acute symptomatic esophagitis in patients with locally advanced non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC ) treated with intensity?modulated radiation therapy ( IMRT) . Methods Data were collected retrospectively from 256 patients with inoperable or unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC treated in our hospital between January 2007 and December 2011. The radiotherapy target volume included primary lung cancer and lymphatic drainage area involved,with a median dose of 60 Gy in 30 fractions (50-70 Gy).Of all the patients,109 patients (42.6%) received concurrent chemotherapy. Grade ≥2 acute esophagitis ( AE ) ( symptomatic esophagitis ) which occurred during radiotherapy and within 3 months after completion of radiotherapy served as the outcome event. National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0( NCI?CTCAE3.0) was used to evaluate the grade of AE. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the predictive factors. Results A total of 174 patients ( 68%) had treatment?related grade ≥2 AE;154 patients ( 60. 2%) had grade 2 AE and 20 patients (7.8%) had grade 3 AE.The median dose when grade≥2 AE occurred was 30 Gy (11?68 Gy).For grade≥2 AE,multivariate analysis showed that esophageal V5?V60,mean dose,and age were independent predictive factors (P=0.021,0,0.010).For grade ≥3 AE,multivariate analysis showed that esophageal V50?V60 ,concurrent chemotherapy,and body mass index ( BMI) were independent predictive factors ( P= 0.010,0.003,0.019 ) . Old age and higher BMI were the protective factors for grade≥2 and ≥3 AE, respectively. Conclusions For patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with IMRT, esophageal V50—V60 and concurrent chemotherapy are predictive factors for grade ≥3 AE,and esophageal V50 has a high predictive value for both grade ≥2 and ≥3 AE.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476517

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of radiation?induced lung injury ( RILI ) in patients with locally advanced non?small cell lung cancer ( LA?NSCLC ) after involved?field intensity?modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy, and to figure out the predictive factors for RILI. Methods Two hundred and fifty?six patients with stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were treated without surgery in our hospital from January 2007 to December 2011 were enrolled as subjects. All patients received involved?field IMRT with a median dose of 60 Gy ( 50?70 Gy) in 30 fractions. In all patients, 109 patients (42.6%) received concurrent chemotherapy. The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 3. 0 was used to evaluate the RILI grade. The incidence of grade ≥2 RILI ( symptomatic RILI, SRILI ) within 6 months after radiotherapy served as the end point. The predictive factors for RILI were analyzed using logistic regression model. Results In all patients, 215 ( 84%) were male, and 41(16%) were female. The mean age at diagnosis was 59.2 years. Forty?three (16.7%) patients had grade ≥2 RILI. The mean duration between the incidence of RILI and the beginning of radiotherapy was 64 days ( 20?169 days) . Univariate analysis showed that smoking, peripheral or central tumor location, mean lung dose ( MLD) for both lungs, and V5?V20 for both lungs were suspected to be associated with the development of SRILI (P=0.108,0.106,0.030,0.049). Multivariate analysis showed the MLD and V5?V20 for both lungs were independent predictive factors for SRILI P=(0.048). Conclusions For patients with LA?NSCLC treated with involved?field IMRT, the MLD and the volume of low?dose region in dose volume histogram for both lungs are significantly correlated with the incidence of SRILI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 863-867, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 251 patients with stage III (76 IIIA and 175 IIIB) NSCLC who received CCRT as initial treatment between Jan 2001 and Dec 2010 in our hospital were reviewed. A median total radiotherapy dose of 60 Gy (range, 50-74 Gy) were delivered. 174 patients were treated with IMRT, 51 with 3D-CRT and 26 with 2D-radiotherapy. EP chemotherapy regimen was administered in 112 patients, PC regimen in 99 patients, topotecan regimen in 18 patients and other regimens in the remaining 22 patients. The efficacy and toxicity of CCRT were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>244 patients were assessable for response, including 6 (2.5%) patients with CR, 183 (75.0%) with PR, 42 (17.2%) with SD and 13 (5.3%) with PD. At a median follow-up period of 20 months, the 1-, 3-, 5- year OS were 69.2%, 31.2%, 23.2%, respectively, and the median OS was 21 months. The 1-, 3-, 5- year PFS were 40.9%, 22.1%, 17.7%, respectively, and the median PFS was 10 months. Patients with stage IIIA NSCLC achieved better 5-year OS than that with IIIB NSCLC (29.2% vs. 20.7%, χ2=2.254, P=0.133). Failure pattern was assessable in 244 patients, including 61 (25.0%) locoregional progression alone, 55 (22.5%) distant metastasis alone and 77 (31.6%) with both. The rates of grade≥3 radiation pneumonitis, esophagitis and hematologic toxicity were 4.4%, 11.2% and 26.4%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CCRT provide stage III NSCLC patients favorable outcome with acceptable toxicity. CCRT is standard therapeutic approach for patients with unresectable locally advanced NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , Therapeutics , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Cyclophosphamide , Esophagitis , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Therapeutics , Neoplasm Staging , Radiation Pneumonitis , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Retrospective Studies , Topotecan
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2918-2923, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The prognosis of R1-resection at the bronchial stump in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. This study intends to identify the prognostic factors and to optimize treatments for these patients under update conditions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 124 NSCLC patients who underwent R1-resection at the bronchial stump was reviewed. There were 41 patients in the surgery group (S), 21 in the postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) group (S+R), 30 in the postoperative chemotherapy (POCT) group (S+C), and 32 in the PORT plus POCT group (S+R+C). The constitute proportion in different groups was tested using the χ(2) method, univariate analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier and log-rank method, and multivariate analysis was done using the Cox hazard regression with entry factors including age, sex, pathological type and stage, classification of the residual disease, and treatment procedure. The process was performed stepwise backward with a maximum iteration of 20 and an entry possibility of 0.05 as well as an excluded possibility of 0.10 at each step.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In univariate analysis, survival was more favorable for patients with squamous cell carcinoma, early pathological T or N stage, and chemotherapy or radiotherapy. There was no significant difference in the survival for patients with different types of the residual disease, except for the difference between patients with carcinoma in situ and lymphangiosis carcinomatosa (P = 0.030). The survival for patients receiving chemoradiotherapy was superior to that for those undergoing surgery alone (P = 0.016). In multivariate analysis, the pathological type (HR 2.51, 95% CI 1.59 to 3.96, P = 0.000), pathological T (HR 1.29, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.60, P = 0.021) or N stage (HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.40 to 2.98, P = 0.000), and chemotherapy (HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.43, P = 0.000) were independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with squamous cell carcinoma, early pathological T or N stage, or receiving chemotherapy had a more favorable prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
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