Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 60
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 474-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985786

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic individualized surgical treatment for chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (CTDH). Methods: The clinical data and follow-up data of 29 CTDH cases admitted to the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University or the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from June 2015 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 21 males and 8 females, aged (49.4±17.8) years (range: 19 to 79 years). The main clinical manifestations were symptoms of the digestive system and respiratory system, and only 4 cases were asymptomatic. All patients received laparoscopic treatment (conversion to open surgery was not excluded). Intraoperative exploration (location of the hernia, contents of the hernia, diameter of the hernia ring), surgical conditions (surgical repair plan, operation time, blood loss, postoperative complications) and postoperative follow-up were analyzed and discussed. Results: Laparoscopic repair was successfully completed in 27 cases, including simple suture in 6 cases, suture and patch repair in 17 cases, the anterior abdominal wall muscle flap reversal suture and patch repair of in 3 cases, and patch bridge repair in 1 case. The operation time was (112.8±44.7) minutes (range: 60 to 200 minutes). The amount of bleeding (M(IQR)) was 35 (58) ml (range: 10 to 300 ml). The other 2 patients were converted to laparotomy. Except for one patient with transverse colon strangulation necrosis who died of aggravated pulmonary infection after surgery, the remaining 28 patients were discharged successfully. The follow-up time was 36 (24) months (range: 1 to 60 months). During the follow-up period, only two patients had occasional left upper abdominal discomfort. Twenty-seven patients with left diaphragmatic hernia had no recurrence, and the symptoms of 1 patient with right diaphragmatic hernia were relieved. Conclusion: Customized laparoscopic surgical repair for CTDH according to the location and size of the diaphragmatic defect can achieve good surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Laparotomy , Surgical Mesh
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980750

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and to preliminarily explore its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with CFS were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off, 1 case excluded) and an acupuncture group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion, while the patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture. Both groups were treated once a day, 6 days as a course of treatment with 1 day interval, for a total of 2 courses of treatment. Before treatment, 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up of 14 days after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) and somatic and psychological health report (SPHERE) scores were observed in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured and CD+4/CD+8 ratio was calculated; the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the two groups were decreased 1 and 2 courses into treatment and in the follow-up (P<0.01), and the FS-14 and SPHERE scores in the moxibustion group were lower than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the contents of CD+3, CD+4 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio in the moxibustion group were increased after treatment (P<0.01). There was no significant difference of CD+3, CD+4, CD+8 and CD+4/CD+8 ratio between before and after treatment in the acupuncture group (P>0.05). After treatment, the contents of CD+3 and CD+4 in the moxibustion group were higher than those in the acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bamboo-based medicinal moxibustion could improve the physical and mental fatigue symptoms and psychological status in patients with CFS. Its effect may be related to regulating the contents of CD+3, CD+4 of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and CD+4/CD+8 ratio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Physical Examination
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 529-533, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify one case of rare Hb Lepore-BW associated with IVS-II-654 heterozygous mutation in Sichuan area.@*METHODS@#The blood routine examination and hemoglobin electrophoresis methods were used to analyze the blood routine parameters, HbA2 and HbF in the samples of peripheral blood in proband and his parents, as well as the cord blood of pregnant woman. The detection of thalassemia gene and Sanger sequencing methods were used to detect the hemoglobin mutations.@*RESULTS@#The result showed that the Hb Lepore-BW heterozygous mutation was detected in the father of the proband, while a rare Hb Lepore-BW with IVS-II-654 heterozygous mutation was detected in the proband, as well as his mother and cord blood were both detected as IVS-II-654 heterozygous mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#The study identified a rare Hb Lepore-BW with IVS-II-654 heterozygous mutation, which was characterized by intermediate β-thalassemia. It is necessary to hemoglobin electrophoresis combined with routine blood testing in prenatal screening.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Hemoglobins, Abnormal/genetics , Heterozygote , Mutation , Prenatal Diagnosis , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 320-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical results of modified posterolateral approach combined medial approach versus traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in open reduction and internal fixation of trimalleolar ankle fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 46 patients with trimalleolar ankle fracture admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University from June 2013 to June 2019, including 14 males and 32 females, at age of 19-71 years [(49.2±14.9)years]. There were 33 patients with supination-external rotation type IV ankle fracture and 13 with pronation-external rotation type IV ankle fracture according to Lauge-Hansen classification. Open reduction and internal fixation was performed through the modified posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in 25 patients (modified approach group), and through the traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in 21 patients (traditional approach group). The visual analogue score (VAS) at 3 days and 1 week after surgery, fracture healing time, range of ankle flexion and extension and Baird-Jackson score at the final follow-up and postoperative complications (numbness of the affect limb, wound necrosis, etc.) were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-21 months [(14.8±2.2)months]. There was no statistical difference in VAS or fracture healing time at 3 days after surgery between the two groups (all P>0.05). The VAS was 3.0 (3.0, 4.0)points in modified approach group at 1 week after surgery, significantly lower than 4.0 (3.0, 5.0)points in traditional approach group ( P<0.05). At the final follow-up, there was no statistical difference in range of ankle plantarflexion between the two groups ( P>0.05), but range of ankle dorsiflexion was significantly greater in modified approach group [(11.8±2.8)°] than that in traditional approach group [(8.1±3.5)°] ( P<0.01). At the final follow-up, Baird-Jackson score was not statistically different between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were 4 patients with numbness and 2 with wound necrosis in traditional approach group, but no numbness or wound necrosis occurred in modified approach group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Both the modified posterolateral approach combined with medial approach and traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach can achieve good clinical results in open reduction and internal fixation of trimalleolar ankle fractures, but the former has advantages of better pain relief, better recovery of ankle dorsiflexion and less complications.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927360

ABSTRACT

Based on the theory of "brain-gut communication" and "heart-stomach disease simultaneously", the thinking and method of treating chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) from yangming meridian were discussed. CFS is related to brain and heart. Based on the analysis of meridian circulation, zang-fu function and the indication characteristics of yangming meridian, the indications of yangming meridian are closely related to brain and heart, so it is proposed to start from yangming meridian and use Chinese herbs combined with acupuncture to treat CFS, including the four methods of clearing away heat and moisturizing dryness, cooling blood and removing blood stasis, promoting qi to clear the organs, and strengthening and replenishing deficiency. It has certain guiding and reference significance for clinical treatment of CFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Meridians
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 51-57, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics and rules of acupoint sensitization phenomena based on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), one of the clinical dominant diseases of acupuncture-moxibustion.@*METHODS@#In combination with literature and expert experiences, the acupoints with the highest use frequency in treatment of KOA were screened, e.g. Heding (EX-LE 2), Liangqiu (ST 34), Mingmen (GV 4), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Ququan (LR 8) and Dubi (ST 35). In 814 patients with KOA and 217 healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature, mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were detected separately. Using machine learning method, the sensitization was judged at each acupoint.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature was increased and the mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were reduced in KOA patients (P<0.05). Besides, the cut-off value was presented to distinguish whether the acupoint was sensitized or not. The results of machine learning showed that the highest prediction accuracy of acupoint sensitization was 86.7% (Shenshu [BL 23]) and the lowest one was 73.9% (Heding [EX LE 2]). The prediction accuracy at the third clinical stage trial was higher, the highest was 93.3% (Ququan [LR 8]) in KOA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#It is confirmed that the acupoint sensitization reflects the characteristics of disease and is correlative with the conditions of illness, which may provide the reference for the auxiliary diagnosis and condition assessment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 737-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To prove the therapeutic effect of auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking on primary dysmenorrhea (PD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with PD were randomized into an auricular intradermal needling group, an auricular point sticking group and a placebo group, 30 cases in each one. Neishengzhiqi (TF@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of CMSS, VAS and SAS were decreased at each time point of treatment in the auricular intradermal needling group, 2, 3 courses into treatment and at follow-up in the auricular point sticking group and 3 courses into treatment in the placebo group (@*CONCLUSION@#Auricular intradermal needling and auricular point sticking can both improve the clinical symptom of primary dysmenorrhea, relieve the pain and anxiety, their mechanism may be related to regulating the serum levels of PGF


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Anxiety Disorders , Dysmenorrhea/therapy , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1441-1445, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864616

ABSTRACT

The role of interprofessional collaboration in the health care system has been increasingly proven and has led to a shift in the way work is done in the health care industry. Following the trend of this development, interprofessional education has also been developed accordingly. As the main content of interprofessional education, inerprofessional collaboration compentence plays an important role in improving the practice level of interprofessional collaboration among medical personnel. In this paper, the research status of interprofessional collaboration compentence is summarized, and the theoretical research of interprofessional collaboration compentence and the practical research in clinical nursing are reviewed, and the thinking of interprofessional collaboration compentence of critical care nurses is put forward, in order to provide reference for the education and management of critical care clinical nurses

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1198-1201, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the distribution characteristics and rules of pain sensitivity points on body surface in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 916 patients with KOA were selected in this study, the pain sensitivity points of local site of knee joint were probed by thumb palpation. Tape was used to measure the distance between the pain sensitivity points and the most nearby acupoints. The Wagner tenderness measuring instrument was used to measure the tenderness threshold of pain sensitivity points.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3618 pain sensitivity points were probed, among them, 3338 pain sensitivity points were sensitized. The minimum sensitization degree was 1.00, the maximum sensitization degree was 3.39, while the average sensitization degree was (2.16±0.60). Pain sensitivity points were distributed 0.37-1.73 @*CONCLUSION@#The pain sensitivity points of patients with KOA may be the expansion effect of acupoint areas in the disease states, pain sensitivity points are more likely to appear on the medial side of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Pain Threshold
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1328-1334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877536

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy on transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channel in knee joint synovial tissue of the rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) model and to explore the mechanism of Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy in treatment of KOA.@*METHODS@#Of 34 New Zealand male rabbits, 6 rabbits were selected randomly as the normal group. KOA model was established in the rest rabbits by injecting a mixture of papain and L-cysteine in right knee joints. The 24 successfully modeled rabbits were randomized into a model group, a Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy group, a dermal needle group and a smearing group, 6 rabbits in each one. In the Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy group, Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy was adopted, in which, the roller type of dermal needle was used on the surface of right knee joint [a rectangle shape formed by "Xuehai" (SP 10), "Liangqiu" (ST 34), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) and "Yinlingquan" (SP 9)], rolling in a " shape, on which, Miao medicinal solution was smeared in advance. In the dermal needle group, the rolling stimulation was exerted on the right the right knee joint surface with the roller type of dermal needle. In the smearing group, Miao medicinal solution was smeared on the right knee joint surface. The intervention was given once every two days, 3 times weekly and the intervention was exerted consecutively for 4 weeks. Successively, on day 1, 21, 28, 35, 42 and 49 of experiment, paw withdrawal threshold (von Frey threshold) after mechanical stimulation was detected in the rabbits. HE staining was adopted to observe the histomorphological changes of the right knee joint cartilage in the rabbits. ELISA was used to determine the contents of interleukin-1 (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the right knee synovial fluid. Western blot method and real-time PCR were used to determine the relative expressions of protein and mRNA of TRPV1 and TRPV4 in knee synovial tissue of the rabbits.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, on day 49 of experiment, von Frey threshold was reduced significantly in the rabbits of the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Miao medicinal acupuncture therapy plays a role in treatment of KOA probably through inhibiting the expressions of IL-1β and TNF-α of knee synovial fluid and down-regulating the expressions of protein and mRNA of TRPV1 and TRPV4 in knee synovial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Acupuncture Therapy , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Synovial Fluid , Transient Receptor Potential Channels
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 160-168, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and mechanism of acute stroke treated with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma based on Homotherapy for Heteropathy using the analysis of proteomics and bioinformatics. Method:A total of 60 male Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats were randomly divided into ischemic stroke(IS) sham-operation group (Sham1), IS model group (IS), IS+ Rhei Radix et Rhizoma treatment group (DH1),ICH sham-operation group (Sham2), intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) model group (ICH), and ICH + Rhei Radix et Rhizoma treatment group (DH2), with 10 rats in each group. After cerebral perfusion, the brain tissues were quantified by proteomic analysis, and differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified. Specimens of IS, Sham1, and DH1 groups were collected at 24 hours, while those of ICH, Sham2, and DH2 groups were collected at 48 hours. The common DEPs were analyzed by bioinformatics, and the relevant DEPs were verified by Western blot. Result:Rhei Radix et Rhizoma regulated 21 common DEPs associated with acute stroke (including 12 up-regulated and 9 down-regulated). According to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) analysis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) pathway was enriched, and three proteins [Neurofilament light polypeptide (Nefl), Neurofilament medium polypeptide (Nefm), Neurofilament heavy polypeptide (Nefh)] involved in this pathway. Energy metabolism, ion homeostasis, regulation of synaptophysin, cell cycle and neurogenesis were the common mechanisms of "Homotherapy for Heteropathy". After treatment with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, the expression levels of GTP binding protein REM2 (Rem2), tyrosine 3-monooxygena (Th), Nefl and neuromodulin (Gap43) were significantly higher than those of the corresponding model group (P<0.05). The expression of Nefl was down-regulated, while the expressions of Rem2,Th and Gap43 were up-regulated, which was consistent with the results of proteomics. Conclusion:Rhei Radix et Rhizoma-homotherapy-differential protein expression profile is established is study. Energy metabolism, ion homeostasis, regulation of synaptophysin, cell cycle and neurogenesis are the common mechanisms.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 455-458, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870660

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy-associated fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus (PF) is a subtype of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus(FT1DM) that occurs during pregnancy or perinatal period. Although it has been recently suggested that PF may be associated with viral infection and autoimmunity, the pathogenesis underlying this specific type of FT1DM remains largely unknown. PF usually develops and progresses very fast and its clinical outcome is poor. Increased awareness and knowledge of clinical features of PF, early diagnosis, and appropriated therapeutic intervention are the keys to improve clinical outcomes for both pregnant women and their babies.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1547-1551, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Understanding mental health status of students with learning disabilities in Beijing to provide a basis for mental health promotion of students with learning disabilities.@*Methods@#By means of random cluster sampling, 5 787 enrolled students in grade one and grade two of 11 public junior middle schools in Beijing were selected as the survey subjects. A self designed questionnaire was used to investigate the students’ learning disabilities and mental health status through anonymous self filling.@*Results@#About 11.6% students self reported learning disabilities. The proportions of students with learning difficulty in mathematical reasoning and calculation were higher, 44.1% and 40.7% respectively. The reported rate of mental health problems was 38.3%. The top four of the 10 symptoms were obsessive compulsive symptoms, learning pressure, emotional instability and anxiety(2.19±0.77)(2.17±0.99)(2.09±0.90)(2.07±1.08). Compared with students without learning disabilities, students with self reported learning disabilities had poorer mental health status(OR=1.47), and learning disabilities were related to most factors of mental health. Different types of learning disabilities were associated with different mental health factors.@*Conclusion@#Mental health problems of students with learning disabilities are higher than that of students without learning disabilities. It is necessary to strengthen the mental health support for students with learning disabilities and improve their mental health.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1734-1738, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773175

ABSTRACT

The specifications of Chinese herbal medicines naturally form and exist in the circulation and use of Chinese herbal medicines.Buyers and sellers negotiate price by quality. With the increasing demand for public health care,the cultivation,processing methods and circulation of Chinese herbal medicines have changed. Under the mode of pursuing output and short-term benefits,the traditional grade evaluation method has been difficult to apply to the current quality status of the pieces. Bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus is a genuine medicinal material in Jiangxi province. It is widely used,but the quality level of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus on the market is not uniform. Quality constant method was used in this paper for grading the Chinese herbal slices of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus. Sixteen batches of different quality samples were collected and tested,and finally,eleven qualified batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results showed that the relative quality constant ranged from 2. 52 to 5. 60. The relative quality constant was ≥4. 48 for first grade bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,2. 80-4. 48 for the second grade pieces,and <2. 80 for the third grade pieces. The grades evaluation method for bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus established in this paper included both appearance and index composition. The results were objective,accurate,quantitative,applicable,and the method was simple to operate and easy to popularize. This study showed that the quality constant method could be applied to the grade evaluation of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,providing a reference for the grade evaluation of fruit-type decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Quality Control
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1744-1749, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773173

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied in the grade evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix pieces. Nineteen batches of Scrophulariae Radix were measured for the appearance index. Harpagide and harpagoside were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standard and the modern quality control index were combined to calculate the quality constant and grade Scrophulariae Radix pieces. The results showed that the quality constants ranged between 156. 75 and 491. 65; according to the percentage mass constants,more than 80% were graded as first-class pieces,50%-80% were graded as second-class pieces,and the rest were graded as third-class pieces. The quality constants of first-class Scrophulariae Radix were >393. 32,that of second-class Scrophulariae Radix was between 245. 83 and 393. 32,and that of third-class Scrophulariae Radix was < 245. 83. The study shows that this method can objectively,reasonably and effectively classify Scrophulariae Radix pieces,and further promote and apply the evaluation method of slice model quality constant to prove the rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Chemistry
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 264-269, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction (, BYHWD) on glial scar after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and investigate the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Collagenase type VII (0.5 U) was injected stereotaxically into right globus pallidus to induce ICH model. One hundred and twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups according to a random number table, including normal group (n=40), ICH model group (n=40) and BYHWD group (n=40), respectively. After ICH, the rats in the BYHWD group were intragastrically administered with BYHWD (4.36 g/kg) once a day for 21 days, while the rats in ICH group were administered with equal volume of distilled water for 21 days, respectively. Double immunolabeling was performed for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)/glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) nuclei. The expression of GFAP and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#The astrocytes with hypertrophied morphology around the hematoma was observed on day 3 after ICH. The number of GFAP positive cells and GFAP mRNA levels increased notably on day 3 and reached the peak on day 14 post-ICH (P<0.01). PCNA+/GFAP+ nuclei were observed around the hematoma and reached the peak on day 14 post-ICH (P<0.01). In addition, LIF-positive astrocytes and LIF mRNA level in the hemorrhagic region increased significantly till day 14 post-ICH (P<0.01). However, BYHWD not only reduced the number of PCNA/GFAP nuclei, but also decreased GFAP and LIF levels (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BYHWD could attenuate ICH-induced glial scar by downregulating the expression of LIF in the rats.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 572-578, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743664

ABSTRACT

0bjective To translate and revise the Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale (AITCS) into Chinese, then to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of AITCS. Methods The Chinese version of AITCS was translated from the original one, back-translated and adjusted for cultural adaptation. The reliability and validity were tested among 288 nurses, 81 physicians, 25 respiratory therapists, 10 physical therapists and 3 nutritionists from a tertiary hospital in Hangzhou using convenience sampling. Results The average of scale-level content validity index was 0.98, unanimity of scale-level content validity index was 0.84 and item-level content validity index was 0.89-1.00. Exploratory factor analysis extracted three common factors,which explained 61.427% of the total variance,and each item had high factor loading quality (>0.4). The correlations coefficients between each dimension score and the total score ranged from 0.801 to 0.898 (P<0.05),and the correlations coefficients between each dimension score ranged from 0.607 to 0.698 (P<0.05). The Cronbach α of AITCS was 0.909, split-half reliability was 0.835 and test-retest reliability was 0.763. Conclusion The Chinese version of the AITCS has been proved to be reliable and valid. It is a valuable tool for evaluating interprofessional team collaboration among the health professional providers in mainland China.

18.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 245-251, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712941

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To investigate the feasibility of making the protocol with computed tomography data for total knee arthroplasty using patient-specific femoral and tibial cutting blocks.[Methods]54 consecutive patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis were divided randomly into two groups. Every patients accepted 3-dimentional computed tomography scan for bilateral legs before operation,the protocol were made for every patients before operation.When making the pre-operative protocol,we accepted the prothesis surpass the osteotomy edge finitely,tibia prothesis rotational orientation according to the outline of the tibial osteotomy. The thickness of the posterior condyle of femur resected was as the same with the prothesis posterior condyle as possible. The patients in trial group undergone total knee arthroplasty(TKA) using patient-specific instruments(PSI)according to the preoperative protocol,while the patients in the control group undergone TKA using custom instruments(CI).The operation time,the times that the scale of the prosthesis were altered intraoperation,the mean thickness of the posterior condyle of femur resected in the operation,AKS score 3 months and 1 year after the operation were recorded and compared between the two groups. Plain film radiography after the operation were analyzed.[Results]No significant differences were found between two groups with respect to the operation time. 8 patients altered to a lesser prosthesis in the CI group during the operation,all in bibia contrast to no one need alteration in the PSI group.The thickness of the osteotomy on the posterior condyle of femur in the PSI group is bigger than that of CI group as a result.The AKS score of the patients in the PSI group is higher than that of CI group 3 months after the opera-tion,whereas no significant difference was found 1 year after the operation.[Conclusion]The reconstructed image by thin layer CT can be used for preoperation protocol for TKA,which might be helpful in deciding the size of femour prosthesis;the implants can surpass the edge of the osteotomy finitely in TKA,which is not necessarily cause any complain.We can orient the tibia prosthesis rotation according to the outline of the osteotomy of the patients'tibia.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 891-896, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690543

ABSTRACT

To prepare the standard decoction of Moutan Cortex, and research its quality standard. According to the preparation principle of standard decoction of Chinese herbal medicines, the extraction conditions were optimized, and the 14 batches of standard decoction of Moutan Cortex were prepared. The content of paeonol was determined by HPLC; the transfer rate was calculated; and the extraction rate, pH value and the fingerprint of the decoction were determined. The results showed that the transfer rate of paeonol in the standard decoction of 14 batches of samples was at the range of 43.9%-67.3%; the range of extraction rate was 22.0%-38.7%, and the pH value range was 3.98-4.77. At the same time, the fingerprints of 14 batches of Moutan Cortex standard decoction were established; 9 common peaks were determined, and the similarities were more than 0.9. The preparation method in this study was standardized with good reproducibility, and can be used for the preparation and quality standard of standard decoction of Moutan Cortex, providing reference for the quality evaluation of Moutan Cortex dispensing granules.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1673-1678, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350129

ABSTRACT

By measuring the morphological indexes and the marker components content of 22 batches of Scutellariae Radix slices as well as calculating the quality constant, this research was aimed to establish a new method of evaluating the specifications and grades of Scutellariae Radix slices. The quality constants of these samples were in the range of 0.04-0.49, which can be divided into several grades based on the real requirement. If they were divided into three grades, the quality constant was ≥0.39 for the first grade, <0.39 but ≥0.24 for the second grade, and <0.24 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants characterizing both apparent parameters and intrinsic quality can be used as a comprehensive evaluation index to classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine quantitatively, clearly and objectively. The research results in this paper would provide new ideas and references for evaluating the specifications and grades of traditional Chinese medicines.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL