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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 75-78, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016417

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the death status and main causes of death among children under 5 years old in Changsha from 2016 to 2021, and to provide a scientific basis for formulating preventive measures for children's health care. Methods The data of 1 761 deaths of children under 5 years old in Changsha City from 2016 to 2021 were collected, and the mortality trend, the order of causes of death and the utilization of pre-death medical care services were retrospectively analyzed. Results The 7-day neonatal mortality, 28-day neonatal mortality, 0-1-year-old neonatal mortality, and the mortality rate of children under 5 years old (U5MR) in Changsha City from 2016 to 2021 were 0.76‰, 1.28‰, 2.41‰, and 3.86‰, respectively. All the mortality rates showed a decreasing trend (P<0.05). U5MR in males was significantly higher than that in females (P<0.05), and U5MR in rural areas was significantly higher than that in urban areas (P<0.05). The top five causes of U5MR were drowning, premature delivery or low birth weight, pneumonia, other congenital anomalies, and accidental asphyxia, respectively. The death places of children under 5 years old were mainly medical and health institutions, and 81.72% of them were treated in hospitals before death. Conclusion From 2016 to 2021, the mortality rate of children under the age of 5 in Changsha City has gradually decreased. Preventing congenital malformations, reducing preterm birth or low birth weight, improving the treatment level of pneumonia, and preventing accidents such as drowning and accidental suffocation are the key to reducing the mortality rate of children under 5 years old.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 716-721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015173

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the structural distribution features and mechanism of elastic fibers and collagen fibers in ventricular interstitium of aged rats. Methods Five young SD rats (24 weeks) and five old SD rats (104 weeks) were used,and their cardiac function was examined by echocardiography. Modified Weigert elastic fiber staining, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and Western blotting techniques were used to detect the expression changes of type I and IH collagen fibers and their proteins, elastic fibers and their proteins, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2), respectively. Results The type I and type IH collagen in the ventricular interstitium of aged rats was very sufficient and wrapped around the cardiomyocytes. Compared with the young rats, the content of collagen protein in the ventricular interstitium of the aged rats significantly increased (P<0. 05). Elastic fibers in the ventricular interstitium of the aged rats were and widely distributed. Compared with the young rats, the number of elastic fibers and the level of elastin in the ventricular interstitium of the aged rats significantly decreased (P<0. 05), and the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in ventricular muscle of aged rats increased, and the)' were correlated with the level of elastin. The level of TIMP-2 in ventricular muscle of aged rats decreased with age. Conclusion The number of collagen fibers and elastic fibers in ventricular interstitium of aged rats is fluctuated with each other. With the increase of age, the contents of TIMP-2 and elastic fibers in the ventricular interstitium gradually decreased, and the ratio of collagen fibers to elastic fibers is out of balance.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 731-738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013906

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the ability of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on promoting neurogenesis in neural stem cell microenvironment after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) injury in vitro. Methods Neural stem cells (NSCs), astrocytes (ACs) and cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) were respectively extracted and separated to establish a co-culture system. The OGD modeling conditions were optimized by NSCs activity, and the concentration of TMP was optimized by Nissl staining. Then CCK-8 and Nestin

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 525-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013840

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of oxymatrine (OMT) on vascular endothelial cell injury induced by palmitic acid ( PA) and its mechanism. Methods Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The levels of oxygen species ( ROS) in cells, and lactate de-hydrogenase, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) , glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and nitric oxide ( NO) in cell culture medium were detected by ELISA. The protein expressions of bcl-2, bax, caspase-3, Akt and eNOS in HUVECs were detected by Western blot. Results OMT significantly inhibited PA-induced decrease in cell viability and increase in level of LDH in HUVECs. OMT also significantly inhibited PA-induced increase in cell apoptosis, and up-regulated the protein expression ratio of bcl-2/ bax and down-regulated the protein expression of caspase-3. In addition, OMT reduced the levels of ROS and MDA, and increased the levels of SOD, GSH-Px and NO in cell-culture medium treated with PA. Furthermore, OMT increased the protein phospho-rylation of Akt and eNOS in injured cells. Conclusion OMT ameliorates PA-induced vascular endothelial cell injury through Akt-eNOS-NO signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 963-970, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Zhenqi Buxue Oral Liquid (ZQ), progesterone capsules, and their combination in treating oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea with qi-blood and Kidney (Shen) essence deficiency.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, multi-center controlled trial between June 2022 to December 2022. Ninety-six oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea patients with qi-blood and Shen essence deficiency were randomly assigned to receive ZQ (ZQ group, 29 cases), progesterone capsules (PG group, 32 cases), or the combined Chinese and Western medicine (COM group, 31 cases) at a ratio of 1:1:1. Patients in the ZQ or PG group took daily 10 mL twice a day of ZQ or 200 mg once a day of progesterone capsules for 10 consecutive days on day 15 of the menstrual cycle respectively, and patients in the COM group received the same ZQ combined with progesterone capsules. The treatment course lasted for 3 months and follow-up was performed at 1 and 3 months after the end of treatment. Primary endpoint was the menstrual Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome Scale (TCMSS) scores. Secondary endpoints included pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) scores, clinical efficacy rate, 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scores, sex hormones and thickness of endometrium. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded.@*RESULTS@#TCMSS scores after 1- and 3-month treatment in all groups were significantly lower than those at baseline (P<0.05). Only TCMSS scores after 3-month treatment in the ZQ and COM groups continuously decreased compared with those after 1-month treatment in the same group (P<0.01). TCMSS scores after 3-month treatment in the ZQ and COM groups were significantly lower than those in the PG group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with baseline, PBAC scores in the ZQ and COM groups after 3 months of treatment were also significantly higher (both P<0.01). The total effective rates of TCM syndrome of 3-month treatment were significantly improved in all groups compared with that after 1 month of treatment (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the COM group was the highest in the 3rd month of treatment and significantly higher than that of PG group alone (P<0.05). Compared with baseline, only the SF-36 scores of COM group were significantly improved after 3 months of treatment (P<0.05). No serious adverse reactions were observed after treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of ZQ and PG, or ZQ only had better effects on reducing TCMSS scores compared with PG, and COM showed the higher total effective rate compared with monotherapy. Besides, COM could effectively improve menstrual blood loss and quality of life. ZQ combined with PG may be an effective and safe option for oligomenorrhea and hypomenorrhea patients with qi-blood and Shen essence deficiency.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Qi , Oligomenorrhea/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Capsules , Kidney
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 871-879, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982144

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the chronic injury and its possible mechanism of ionizing radiation on multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells (MPPs) by determining the related indicators of MPPs in bone marrow of mice post-radiation.@*METHODS@#Sixteen C57BL/6 adult mice were randomly divided into normal control and irradiation groups, 8 mice in each group. The mice in irradiation group were exposed to 6 Gy X-ray. The proportion of bone marrow MPPs, their apoptosis and proliferation 2 months after irradiation were detected by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial activity and levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in each MPPs population were detected by Mitotracker Red and DCFDA probes, and the senescent state of MPPs in the bone marrow was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Ionizing radiation could reduce the proportion of MPPs in mouse bone marrow. The proportions and numbers of MPP1, MPP3 and MPP4 in the bone marrow were significantly decreased after whole-body irradiation with 6 Gy X-ray (P<0.05). In addition, radiation significantly reduced the colony-forming capacity of MPPs in bone marrow (P<0.05), the proportions of apoptotic cells in the MPP1 and MPP4 cell populations increased significantly in the bone marrow (P<0.05). The activity of mitochondria was significantly reduced in the bone marrow MPP2, MPP3 and MPP4 cell populations compared with that of the control group (P<0.05). It was also found that the radiation could significantly increase the ROS levels of MPPs in bone marrow, and the content of ROS in the MPP2, MPP3 and MPP4 cell population of the bone marrow was significantly increased(P<0.05). The senescent cells ratios of MPP1, MPP3 and MPP4 cells in the bone marrow after irradiation were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ionizing radiation can cause chronic MPPs damage in mice, which is closely associated with persistent oxidative stress, cells apoptosis, and cellular senescence.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Bone Marrow , Reactive Oxygen Species , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Whole-Body Irradiation , Radiation, Ionizing , Bone Marrow Cells
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 61-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970174

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the application value of 3D Slicer software assisted domestic frameless stereotactic robot in biopsy of intracranial lesions. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 80 patients who admitted consecutively and underwent intracerebral lesions biopsy with the domestic frameless stereotactic robot at Department of Neurosurgery, Aerospace Central Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021. There were 36 males and 44 females, with a mean age of (38.5±18.0) years (range: 6 to 71 years). Before surgery only enhanced T1-weighted three-dimensional magnetization prepared gradient echo sequences and diffusion tensor imaging scans were performed. Self-reconstruction of intracranial lesions, cerebral cortex and blood vessels was carried out using 3D Slicer software system after the DICOM format imaging data of 80 patients were collected. These imaging data were merged to the workstation of the domestic frameless stereotactic robot for preoperative surgical planning and the surgical puncture path was designed to avoid blood vessels in the brain functional area, cerebral cortex and sulcus. Results: All frameless stereotactic biopsy were successfully performed. Postoperative pathological diagnosis included 50 cases of diffuse astrocytic and oligodendroglioma, 15 cases of lymphoma, 5 cases of metastatic tumors, 5 cases of inflammatory demyelinating disease, 2 cases of inflammatory granuloma, 1 case of hemangioma, 1 case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia intracranial invasion and 1 case of seminoma. The positive diagnosis rate was 100% (80/80). Postoperative imaging confirmed that the puncture path and target were accurately implemented according to the preoperative planning, and the target error was (1.32±0.44) mm (range: 0.55 to 1.99 mm). One case of puncture-related bleeding occurred at the target after surgery and improved after treatment. Conclusion: The three-dimensional multimodal images reconstructed by the 3D Slicer software before operation could help the surgeons make the preoperative planning and reduce the risk of stereotactic brain biopsy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Biopsy , Software , Stereotaxic Techniques
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4634-4646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008630

ABSTRACT

Dead heart is an important trait of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix. The purpose of this study was to clarify the scientific connotation of the dead heart using multi-omics. Metabolomics and transcriptomics combined with multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were used to systematically compare the differences in chemical composition and gene expression among phloem, outer xylem and near-dead xylem of pith-decayed Scutella-riae Radix. The results revealed significant differences in the contents of flavonoid glycosides and aglycones among the three parts. Compared with phloem and outer xylem, near-dead xylem had markedly lowered content of flavonoid glycosides(including baicalin, norwogonin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide, oroxylin A-7-O-β-D-glucuronide, and wogonoside) while markedly increased content of aglycones(including 3,5,7,2',6'-pentahydroxy dihydroflavone, baicalin, wogonin, and oroxylin A). The differentially expressed genes were mainly concentrated in KEGG pathways such as phenylpropanoid metabolism, flavonoid biosynthesis, ABC transporter, and plant MAPK signal transduction pathway. This study systematically elucidated the material basis of the dead heart of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix with multiple growing years. Specifically, the content of flavonoid aglycones was significantly increased in the near-dead xylem, and the gene expression of metabolic pathways such as flavonoid glycoside hydrolysis, interxylary cork development and programmed apoptosis was significantly up-regulated. This study provided a theoretical basis for guiding the high-quality production of pith-decayed Scutellariae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Scutellaria baicalensis/chemistry , Glucuronides , Multiomics , Flavonoids/chemistry
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1510-1517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970622

ABSTRACT

Chalcone isomerase is a key rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of flavonoids in higher plants, which determines the production of flavonoids in plants. In this study, RNA was extracted from different parts of Isatis indigotica and reverse-transcribed into cDNA. Specific primers with enzyme restriction sites were designed, and a chalcone isomerase gene was cloned from I. indigotica, named IiCHI. IiCHI was 756 bp in length, containing a complete open reading frame and encoding 251 amino acids. Homology analysis showed that IiCHI was closely related to CHI protein of Arabidopsis thaliana and had typical active sites of chalcone isomerase. Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that IiCHI was classified into type Ⅰ CHI clade. Recombinant prokaryotic expression vector pET28a-IiCHI was constructed and purified to obtain IiCHI recombinant protein. In vitro enzymatic analysis showed that the IiCHI protein could convert naringenin chalcone into naringenin, but could not catalyze the production of liquiritigenin by isoliquiritigenin. The results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) showed that the expression level of IiCHI in the aboveground parts was higher than that in the underground parts and the expression level was the highest in the flowers of the aboveground parts, followed by leaves and stems, and no expression was observed in the roots and rhizomes of the underground parts. This study has confirmed the function of chalcone isomerase in I. indigotica and provided references for the biosynthesis of flavonoid components.


Subject(s)
Isatis/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Phylogeny , Arabidopsis/genetics , Flavonoids , Cloning, Molecular
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 789-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965617

ABSTRACT

The last essential enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of trilobatin, phloretin-4'-O glycosyltransferase (P4'-OGT), catalyzes the conversion of trilobatin to phloretin in vitro. However, only a few P4'-OGTs have been found in plants. This study used Malus domestica phloretin-4'-O glycosyltransferase (MdPh-4'-OGT) as a query to identify and clone two UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) genes, designated UGT74L2 and UGT74L3, from the transcriptome of Andrographis paniculata. According to a phylogenetic tree analysis, UGT74L2 and UGT74L3 belonged to the UGT74 family, which has been linked to several activities in other species. The in vitro enzymatic reaction demonstrated that UGT74L2 could particularly catalyze the formation of trilobatin from phloretin, but UGT74L3 had no effects. By using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography to extract the soluble UGT74L2 recombinant protein, the enzymatic kinetics of the activity was investigated using phloretin as the substrate. The results showed that the optimal temperature and pH for UGT74L2 enzymatic reaction were 40 ℃ and 8.0 (Tris-HCl system), respectively. Three metal ions (Ca2+, Mn2+ and Co2+) showed inhibitory effect on the activity of UGT74L2, while Mg2+ could improve the activity of UGT74L2. Other tested metal ions have no significant effect on UGT74L2. The results of enzymatic kinetic parameters that the Km value was 29.84 μmol·L-1, the kcat was 0.02 s-1, and the kcat·Km-1 was 572.6 mol-1·s-1. By homology modeling, molecular docking and mutation experiments, we found that multiple amino acids residues around the substrate binding pocket play quite an important role during catalytic process, In summary, we identified a novel P4'-OGT gene from medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata and provided a new efficient catalyst to synthesize trilobatin. Meanwhile, this study provides a reference for mining new efficient glycosylation modules from plants.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 48-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965578

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To prepare human monoclonal antibody against spike protein(S protein)of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS⁃CoV⁃2)by using single B cell,and determine its neutralizing activity. Methods Venous blood with high antibody level was collected from people immunized with inactivated SARS⁃CoV⁃2 vaccine(Vero cells) twice,of which peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs)were isolated by lymphocyte stratified fluid and used to isolate single B cell expressing S protein antibody by magnetic beads coupled with S1 protein. Variable region genes of IgG heavy chain and light chain were amplified by nested PCR after reverse transcription of single B cell,which were connected with CMV promoter,IgG leader sequence,IgG constant region and polyA sequence by overlapping PCR to construct antibody linear expression cassette. Linear expression cassette of the heavy chain and light chain from the same B cell was transfected to HEK293T cells to express human monoclonal antibody of SARS⁃CoV⁃2 S protein. Immunoreactivity was detected by immuno⁃ fluorescence while neutralizing activity by pseudovirus neutralization test. Results A total of 26 monoclonal antibodies against SARS⁃CoV⁃2 S protein were expressed,which showed heavy chain and light chain protein bands of IgG antibody at

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2108-2114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936579

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate how Zuogui pills from the Kidney-tonifying and Nourishing Yin formula, in combination with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist cetrorelix, affected the ovarian local oxidative stress response in decreasing ovarian reserve (DOR) mice. All animal experiments were carried out in accordance with the guidelines and standards established by Jinan University's Experimental Animal Management Committee. Cyclophosphamide (CTX)-treated DOR mice were given Zuogui pills, cetrorelix, or a combination of the two drugs intragastrically. After treatment, there were changes in the estrous cycle, serum sex hormone levels, oxidative stress-related indexes, growth biochemical factor levels, and SIRT1/P53/P21 expression. In comparison to the model group, the Zuogui pills and the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group had significantly prolonged estrous periods and shortened interestrous periods, and the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group had a significantly shortened cycle length. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) decreased and estradiol (E2) increased in all treatment groups compared to the model group, oxidative stress indexes nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) decreased, growth biochemical factors brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) concentrations increased significantly, and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) showed no significant change. SIRT1/P53/P21 immunohistochemical results revealed that, when compared to the model group, the expression of SIRT1 increased while the expression of P53 and P21 proteins decreased in all treatment groups, with the cetrorelix+Zuogui pills group having the largest decrease, with significant differences in all indicators. We conclude that cetrorelix combined with Zuogui pills for kidney nourishing and Yin recipe improved the oxidative stress response in the follicle by regulating the SIRT1/P53/P21 pathway, reducing peroxide product production, protecting ovarian function, and regulating ovarian hormone secretion, and its efficacy is superior to that of cetrorelix or Zuogui pills alone.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1122-1125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957350

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the main causes of death and disability in adults, and obesity is one of the independent risk factors for ischemic stroke and prevention of obesity can reduce the probability of patients' first stroke.However, for patients who havealready hadan ischemic stroke, a higher body mass index(BMI)may be correlated with a lower mortality in patients with ischemic stroke, reduced recurrence of stroke, and improved functional prognosis, a phenomenon known as the obesity paradox.The obesity paradox suggests that obesity may be beneficial in ischemic stroke.Therefore, this paper reviews the relationship between primary and secondary prevention of obesity and ischemic stroke, with a focus on theobesity paradox.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1351-1354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954734

ABSTRACT

Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory disease.Although widespread vaccination has greatly reduced the incidence of pertussis, there was a " recurrence of pertussis" in the past 30 years, and pertussis outbreaks occurred in some areas.Infants who have not been vaccinated or have not completed the full course of immunization suffer from more severe pertussis infections.Because of the atypical symptoms of young infants, missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis often occur, and pertussis cannot be diagnosed and treated in time.As a result, they can easily develop into severe pertussis or even die.In this article, recently published research on severe pertussis are summarized, so as to provide guidance for the clinical diagnosis, treatment, prevention and basic scientific research of severe pertussis.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3285-3299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906851

ABSTRACT

Plant natural products (PNPs) are important sources of innovative drugs. They are mainly obtained by isolation or extraction from plants. Low content and with structural analogues in plants result in high production cost, which restricts the research and application of PNPs. While biopathway construction by synthetic biology provides an alternative for production of PNPs. By biosynthetic pathway analysis of PNPs and reconstructing the biopathway in microorganisms, we can produce PNPs in cell factories efficiently. Recently, several predominantly international reports about biosynthesis of PNPs and its synthetic biology production, triggered the researches of PNPs. Abundant traditional Chinese medicine resources and profound cultural heritage of Chinese medicine make biosynthesis pathway analysis of PNPs to be a research hotspot. And some of the studies have achieved significant progress. Here, recent progress in the biosynthesis of plant natural products and its synthetic biology was reviewed. In particular, the application of new methods and technologies in recent years were summarized and discussed. This will provide reference for the biopathway construction of plant natural products.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of adjuvant therapy of Huayu pills on neurological recovery of patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and to investigate its mechanism of action for antioxidation, anti-inflammation and improvement of microcirculation. Method:One hundred and forty patients were randomly divided into control group (70 cases) and observation group (70 cases) by random number table. During the study period, there were 3 drop-out cases, 2 excluded cases, and 65 completed cases in the control group. There were 1 drop-out cases, 4 excluded case, and 65 completed cases in the observation group. Western medicine was given in both groups. Patients in control group additionally got oral administration of Xiaoshuang Tongluo tablets, 6 tablets/time, 3 times/day. The patients in observation group got oral administration of Huayu pills, 5 g/time, 2 times/days. The treatment course was 4 weeks in both groups. Before the treatment, and at the second and fourth week after treatment, scores of national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) were graded. Before and after treatment, scores of functional independent measures (FIM) scale, fugl-meyer assessment of motor function (FMA), Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were graded. Disability/mortality and safety were discussed after treatment. Levels of the whole blood viscosity (BV), plasma viscosity (PV), platelet aggregation rate (PAG), fibrinogen (FIB), P-selectin (CD62p), D-dimer (D-D), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), lipid peroxide (PLO), homocysteine (Hcy), tumor necrosis factor -α (TNF-α), serum cystatin C (Cys-C) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were detected both before and after treatment. Result:In the analysis of rank sum test, clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.131, P<0.05). At the second and fourth week after treatment, scores of NIHSS, Qi deficiency and blood stasis, as well as levels of NO, PLO, MDA, Hcy, Cys-C, hs-CRP, TNF-α, BV, PV, PAG, FIB, CD62 p and D-D in observation group were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of FIM, FMA and SOD were all higher than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Based on the comprehensive treatment of Western medicine, adjuvant therapy of Huayu pills can improve the degree of nerve function defect, improve the ability of exercise and daily life, reduce the degree of disability, improve the microcirculation and hemorheology, reduce the inflammatory reaction, eliminate oxygen free radicals, and relieve the oxidative stress injury in patients with ACI and Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, and the clinical efficacy is better than that of Western medicine alone.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1573-1589, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823295

ABSTRACT

Most of the active ingredients of herbs are secondary metabolites of plants. Cytochrome P450s (P450s) are hemoglobin-containing monooxygenases encoded by a super-gene family, which play important roles in the metabolic network of plants. This review focuses on the role of P450s on biosynthesis of secondary metabolites such as terpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids and phenylpropanoids. This will provide references for biosynthesis and regulation of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 903-912, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828835

ABSTRACT

Due to numerous obstacles such as complex matrices, real-time monitoring of complex reaction systems (, medicinal herb stewing system) has always been a challenge though great values for safe and rational use of drugs. Herein, facilitated by the potential ability on the tolerance of complex matrices of extractive electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, a device was established to realize continuous sampling and real-time quantitative analysis of herb stewing system for the first time. A complete analytical strategy, including data acquisition, data mining, and data evaluation was proposed and implemented with overcoming the usual difficulties in real-time mass spectrometry quantification. The complex Fuzi (the lateral root of )-meat stewing systems were real-timely monitored in 150 min by qualitative and quantitative analysis of the nine key alkaloids accurately. The results showed that the strategy worked perfectly and the toxicity of the systems were evaluated and predicated accordingly. Stewing with trotters effectively accelerated the detoxification of Fuzi soup and reduced the overall toxicity to 68%, which was recommended to be used practically for treating rheumatic arthritis and enhancing immunity. The established strategy was versatile, simple, and accurate, which would have a wide application prospect in real-time analysis and evaluation of various complex reaction systems.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 762-765, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865875

ABSTRACT

Medical professionalism is the perfect combination of medical science spirit, medical humanities spirit and professional spirit. As a special group in medical colleges and universities, medical interns should attract teachers' attention due to the occupational confusion caused by the epidemic. Taking the brave "countermarching people" as examples, establishing the correct value orientation, strengthening the study of professional expertise, building a trinity teaching system of medical professionalism, and exploring ESPCS (explain-simulate-practice-communication-support) practice teaching are effective measures to reshape the professionalism of medical interns.

20.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 104-106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823883

ABSTRACT

White matter lesion (WML) can lead to decreased cognitive ability ,postural balance disorder and abnor‐mal emotion etc .,which affects quality of life and is closely related to treatment of stroke .In recent years ,roles of vessel‐related risk factors and atherosclerosis in WML received considerable attention .The present article made a re‐view on it ,aiming at providing thinking for prevention and treatment of WML .

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