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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 347-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006088

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the predictive value of isoform [-2] proprostate-specific antigen, p2 PSA (p2PSA) and its derived indexes for prostate cancer in a Chinese cohort with PSA 4-20 ng/mL. 【Methods】 A total of 139 males scheduled for biopsy were enrolled in the prospective study from Nov.2021 to Jun.2022. The total PSA (tPSA), free PSA (fPSA), fPSA/tPSA (f/t) and p2PSA were collected, and the percentage of p2PSA(%p2PSA) and prostate health index(PHI) were calculated. The predictive value of p2PSA and its derived indexes were compared with traditional indexes with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Logistic analysis. 【Results】 Prostate cancer was found in 54 cases (38.8%). There were significant statistical differences in tPSA(10.68 vs.8.14, P=0.021), f/t(0.13 vs.0.16, P=0.006), p2PSA(30.25 vs.19.81, P<0.001), %p2PSA(21.52 vs.13.15, P<0.001) and PHI(64.3vs.38.2, P<0.001) between prostate cancer patients and non-prostate cancer patients. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of tPSA, fPSA, %fPSA, p2PSA, %p2PSA and PHI were 0.63, 0.51, 0.63, 0.71, 0.73, and 0.80, respectively. The inclusion of %p2PSA and PHI significantly increased the prediction efficiency of the basic prediction model (AUCbase+PHI=0.81, AUCbase+%p2PSA=0.78, AUCbase=0.67). With 35 as the recommended cut-off value of PHI, the incidence of meaningless puncture was reduced by 25.8%(36/139). 【Conclusion】 The application of p2PSA and its derived indexes have good predictive value for patients with PSA 4-20 ng/mL. The combined detection of %p2PSA and PHI can significantly increase the detection efficiency of prostate cancer and reduce the incidence of meaningless prostate puncture by 25.8%.

2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 287-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanisms of Porphyromonas gingivalis infection-induced umbilical vein endothelial barrier dysfunction in vitro.@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in vitro, and after the formation of the endothelial barrier, the cells were infected with P. gingivals at a multiplicity of infection (MOI). The transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of the cell barrier was measured, and FITC-dextran trans-endothelial permeability assay and bacterial translocation assay were performed to assess the endothelial barrier function. The expression levels of cell junction proteins including ZO-1, occludin and VE-cadherin in the cells were examined by qRT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In freshly seeded HUVECs, TEER increased until reaching the maximum on Day 5 (94 Ωcm2), suggesting the formation of the endothelial barrier. P. gingivals infection caused an increase of the permeability of the endothelial barrier as early as 0.5 h after bacterial inoculation, and the barrier function further exacerbated with time, as shown by significantly lowered TEER, increased permeability of FITC-dextran (40 000/70 000), and increased translocation of SYTO9-E. coli cross the barrier. MTT assay suggested that P. gingivals infection did not significantly affect the proliferation of HUVECs (P>0.05), but in P. gingivalsinfected cells, the expressions of ZO-1, occludin and VE-cadherin increased significantly at 24 and 48 h after bacterial inoculation (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#P. gingivals may disrupt the endothelial barrier function by down-regulating the expressions of the cell junction proteins (ZO-1, occludin, VE-cadherin) and increasing the permeability of the endothelial barrier.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cadherins/metabolism , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Occludin , Porphyromonas gingivalis/metabolism , Umbilical Veins/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1419-1422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958047

ABSTRACT

Middle cerebral artery dissection is an uncommon cause of ischemic stroke in young adults, which is extremely rare in the case that it occurs in HIV-infected patients. This article reported a 26-year-old acute cerebral infarction patient with HIV antigen/antibody-positive who started with capsular warning syndrome and progressed to right basal ganglia cerebral infarction. The high-resolution vessel wall imaging showed the characteristic findings of middle cerebral artery dissection including "double luminal" and "intimal flap" signs. The coexistence of HIV-associated vasculopathy and hypertension with high blood pressure variability contributed to the occurrence of middle cerebral artery dissection in the patient. Combined with literature reports, this paper will further explore the relationship between HIV infection and cerebrovascular disease and the possible mechanism of middle cerebral artery dissection.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 791-796, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of vocal cord polyps and to study the application value of high-frequency ultrasound in the diagnosis of vocal cord polyps.Methods:A total of 169 patients diagnosed with vocal cord polyps ( 176 polyps in total ) by pathology in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from December 2016 to September 2021 were collected, the ultrasonic image characteristics of vocal cord polyps were summarized, and the characteristics of thyroid cartilage calcification at glottic level and the influence of the calcification range of thyroid cartilage at glottic level on the display of vocal cord polyps were observed.Results:The sonogram images of all vocal cord polyps showed the localized uniform low echo between the upper cortex and the ligament layer, the morphology could be circular and flat, and all polyps could be divided into high tension type and low tension type, no blood flow signal was found in 96.8% of the polyps. Round polyps were more easier to be detected by ultrasound than flat polyps, but there was no significant difference( P>0.05). The incidence of thyroid cartilage calcification at glottis level was higher in men than in women, and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). The range of thyroid cartilage calcification at the glottic level affects the display rate of vocal cord polyps.With the increase of calcification range, the display rate of vocal cord polyps gradually decreased. There was significant difference in the display rate of vocal cord polyps between non calcification group and moderate calcification group, non calcification group and severe calcification group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Vocal cord polyps have typical sonographic appearance. High-frequency ultrasound can identify the morphology, location and size of vocal cord polyps. Especially for patients with no or mild calcification of thyroid cartilage at glottic level, ultrasound can meet the requirements of accurate diagnosis. It is expected to become an effective supplement to laryngoscopy, and apply for to the preliminary screening of vocal cord polyps and postoperative review.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 257-260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on laparoscope postoperative shivering in patients undergoing general anesthesia and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with elective laparoscopic resection of intestinal tumor under general anesthesia were randomly divided into an EA group and a tramadol group, 40 cases in each group. Thirty min prior to the end of the operation, in the EA group, EA was exerted at Neimadian and Zusanli (ST 36), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in intensity, and lasting 30 min. In the tramadol group, tramadol hydrochloride injection was dropped intravenously, 1 mg/kg. The conditions of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation were observed in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were observed before treatment (T0), at the moment of extubation (T1), in 3 min of extubation (T2) and 1 h after operation (T3). Using ELISA, at T0 and T3, the expression levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in plasma were detected separately. Choking and agitation were recorded during extubation.@*RESULTS@#① In the EA group, the incidence of shivering, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and agitation in the PACU was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05). ②Compared with T0, HR, SBP and DBP were increased at T1 and T2 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). HR, SBP and DBP in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T1 and T2 (P<0.05). ③Compared with T0, the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in plasma were increased at T3 in the tramadol group (P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT in the EA group were lower than the tramadol group at T3 (P<0.05). ④The incidence of choking and agitation during exudation in the EA group was lower than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can reduce the incidence of laparoscopic postoperative shivering under general anesthesia. The potential mechanism mays related to the modulation of the expression levels of IL-6 and 5-HT caused by surgical trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Electroacupuncture , Laparoscopes , Postoperative Period , Shivering
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 478-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927723

ABSTRACT

Yarrowia lipolytica, as an important oleaginous yeast, has been widely used in metabolic engineering. Y. lipolytica is considered as an ideal host for the production of natural products such as terpenes, polyketides and flavonoids, due to its ability to utilize a variety of hydrophobic substrates, high stress tolerance to acid and salt, high flux of tricarboxylic acid cycle and the ability in providing abundant the common precursor acetyl-CoA. Recently, more and more tools for genetic editing, gene expression and regulation has been developed in Y. lipolytica, which facilitate the metabolic engineering of Y. lipolytica for bio-manufacturing. In this review, we summarized the recent progresses in developing gene expression and natural product synthesis in Y. lipolytica, and also discussed the challenges and possible solutions in heterologous synthesis of natural products in this yeast.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/metabolism , Gene Editing , Metabolic Engineering , Polyketides/metabolism , Yarrowia/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 486-499, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878577

ABSTRACT

Laboratory evolution is an important approach to improve the performance of microorganisms. In the past decades, the methods for laboratory evolution have developed rapidly and applied widely. However, the commonly used evolution strategies for strains or specific proteins cannot achieve continuous mutation, and require multiple rounds of operation, therefore they are considered as a labor intensive process. The development of mutation and screening technologies have facilitated the development of continuous evolution in vivo and greatly improved the efficiency of laboratory evolution. The continuous in vivo evolution achieves in vivo mutation, perfectly combining mutation with screening to evolve a specific phenotype with minimal human intervention. This review summarizes the recent advances of in vivo continuous evolution technologies for either genome-scale mutation or evolution of specific proteins. The principles of these technologies and their applications are introduced. On this basis, the advantages and limitations of these technologies are discussed. We also give a perspective of future development of continuous in vivo evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Directed Molecular Evolution , Mutation , Phenotype , Proteins
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 41-48, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The purpose of this study was to analyze cases of AO31-A2 intertrochanteric fractures (ITFs) and to identify the relationship between the loss of the posteromedial support and implant failure.@*METHODS@#Three hundred ninety-four patients who underwent operative treatment for ITF from January 2003 to December 2017 were enrolled. Focusing on posteromedial support, the A2 ITFs were divided into two groups, namely, those with (Group A, n = 153) or without (Group B, n = 241) posteromedial support post-operatively, and the failure rates were compared. Based on the final outcomes (failed or not), we allocated all of the patients into two groups: failed (Group C, n = 66) and normal (Group D, n = 328). We separately analyzed each dataset to identify the factors that exhibited statistically significant differences between the groups. In addition, a logistic regression was conducted to identify whether the loss of posteromedial support of A2 ITFs was an independent risk factor for fixation failure. The basic factors were age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, side of affected limb, fixation method (intramedullary or extramedullary), time from injury to operation, blood loss, operative time and length of stay.@*RESULTS@#The failure rate of group B (58, 24.07%) was significantly higher than that of group A (8, 5.23%) (χ = 23.814, P < 0.001). Regarding Groups C and D, the comparisons of the fixation method (P = 0.005), operative time (P = 0.001), blood loss (P = 0.002) and length of stay (P = 0.033) showed that the differences were significant. The logistic regression revealed that the loss of posteromedial support was an independent risk factor for implant failure (OR = 5.986, 95% CI: 2.667-13.432) (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For AO31-A2 ITFs, the loss of posteromedial support was an independent risk factor for fixation failure. Therefore, posteromedial wall reconstruction might be necessary for the effective treatment of A2 fractures that lose posteromedial support.

9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 167-174, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors of recurrent kyphosis after removal of short segmental pedicle screw fixation in patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was conducted of 144 cases of thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological impairment treated in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2010 to December 2017. There were 74 males and 70 females, with an average age of (39.1±13.2) years. The distribution of the injured vertebrae was T12: 42, L1: 72 and L2: 30, with fracture types of A3: 90, B1: 25 and B2: 29. The patients were divided into two groups: Recurrent kyphosis group (n=92) and non-recurrent kyphosis group (n=52). SPSS 26.0 software was used for univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up time was 28 (20-113) months. The imaging indexes of pre-operation, 3 days post-operation, 12 months post-operation and the last follow-up were measured and compared. Anterior vertebral body height, segmental kyphosis, vertebral wadge angle and Gardner deformity were significantly improved after operation (P < 0.05), and there were some degrees of loss in the 1-year follow-up; anterior vertebral body height and vertebral wadge angle were no longer changed after the removal of the screws; however, segmental kyphosis and Gardner deformity were still aggravated after the removal of the screws (P < 0.05). There were some degrees of collapse of the height of the upper and lower discs during the follow-up. Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) between the two groups in gender, age (36.9 years vs. 43.0 years), upper disc injury, CT value (174 vs. 160), segmental kyphosis (16.6° vs. 13.3°), vertebral wadge angle (16.7° vs. 13.6°), Gardner deformity (19.1° vs. 15.2°) and ratio of anterior vertebral body height (0.65 vs. 0.71). Logistic regression analysis showed that male (OR: 2.88, 95%CI: 1.196-6.933), upper disc injury (OR: 2.962, 95%CI: 1.062-8.258) and injured vertebral wedge angle were risk factors of recurrent kyphosis after removal of internal fixation for thoracolumbar burst fracture (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture can obtain satisfactory effect immediately after posterior short segmental pedicle screw fixation, however, there may be some degree of loss during the follow-up. Male, upper disc injury and injured vertebral wedge angle are the risk factors of recurrent kyphosis after removal of internal fixation for thoracolumbar burst fracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Kyphosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 290-297, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the risk factors of avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) after internal fixation in young and mid-aged adults.@*METHODS@#From January 2007 to December 2017, femoral neck fracture patients (18-60 years old) treated by reduction and internal fixation were retrospectively studied in Peking University Third Hospital. We recorded their gender, age, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) grade, reason of injury, fracture side, interval between injury and surgery, location of fracture line, Garden classification, Pauwels classification, reduction method (open or closed), internal fixation and reduction quality. The diagnosis of ANFH was confirmed based on X-ray and MRI images during the follow-up. The internal fixation method included cannulated compression screw (CCS) or dynamic hip screw (DHS, with or without anti-rotation screw). χ2 test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between the various factors and postoperative ANFH.@*RESULTS@#A total of 113 patients were included in this study, including 63 males and 50 females with an average age of (43.17 ± 12.34) years. They were followed up by (25.08 ± 16.17) months. ASA grade included grade I (21 cases), grade II (55 cases) and grade III (37 cases). The reasons of injury included low-energy trauma (76 cases) and high-energy (37 cases). The fracture line included subcapital type (37 cases), transverse type (74 cases) and basal type (2 cases). Garden classification included type I (3 cases), type II (46 cases), type III (39 cases) and type IV (25 cases). Pauwels classification included type I (21 cases), type II (55 cases) and type III (37 cases). Interval between injury and surgery was (3.88 ± 3.66) days, 108 patients and 5 patients performed closed and open reduction respectively. 63 patients performed CCS, and 50 patients performed DHS. The reduction quality included grade A (91 cases), grade B (18 cases) and grade C (4 cases). 18 patients developed ANFH after surgery, the incidence rate was 15.93% (18/113). The result of χ2 test showed the reason of injury (OR=0.19, P < 0.01), Garden classification (OR=0.13, P < 0.01), Pauwels classification (OR=0.12, P = 0.02), internal fixation method (OR=3.29, P = 0.04) and reduction quality (OR=0.33, P < 0.01) were significantly associated with ANFH. These five factors were further included into the Logistic regression analysis, and its results showed that the reason of injury (OR=4.11, P = 0.03) and Garden classification (OR=4.85, P = 0.04) were statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The reason of injury, Garden classification, Pauwels classification, internal fixation and reduction quality may increase the risk of ANFH after surgery, and the reason of injury and Garden classification were much more significant.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Femoral Neck Fractures , Femur Head Necrosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 882-885, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905653

ABSTRACT

At present, three-dimensional gait analysis has been used in the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of chronic non-specific low back pain. Existing researches have conducted systematic cross-sectional studies on the gait of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain from the aspects of space-time parameters, kinematics parameters, dynamic parameters and surface EMG, but few are about efficacy evaluation with three-dimensional gait analysis, which may be a topic in the future.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2534-2542, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774883

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reverse intertrochanteric fractures are usually initially treated with closed reduction. However, sometimes these fractures are not amenable to closed reduction and require open reduction. To date, few studies have been conducted on predictors of and reduction techniques for irreducible reverse intertrochanteric fractures. Therefore, this study aimed to summarize the displacement patterns of irreducible reverse intertrochanteric fractures and corresponding reduction techniques, and explore predictors of irreducibility.@*METHODS@#We reviewed 1174 cases of trochanteric fractures treated in our hospital from January 2006 to October 2018, 113 of which were reverse intertrochanteric fractures. An irreducible fracture was determined according to intra-operative fluoroscopy imaging after closed manipulation. Fractures were assessed for displacement patterns, radiographic features of irreducibility, and reduction techniques. Logistic regression analysis was performed on potential predictors for irreducibility, including gender, age, body mass index, AO Foundation/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification, and radiographic features.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-six irreducible fractures were identified, accounting for 67% of reverse intertrochanteric fractures. Six patterns of fracture displacement after closed manipulation were identified; the most common pattern was medial displacement and posterior sagging of the femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified three predictors of irreducibility: a medially displaced femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment on the anteroposterior (AP) view (odds ratio [OR], 8.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.04-21.04; P < 0.001), a displaced lesser trochanter (OR, 3.61; 95% CI, 1.35-9.61; P = 0.010), and a displaced lateral femoral wall (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.02-8.34; P = 0.046).@*CONCLUSIONS@#A high proportion of reverse intertrochanteric fractures are not amenable to closed reduction. Six patterns of fracture displacement after closed manipulation were identified. Different reduction techniques are required for different displacement patterns. Predictors of irreducibility include a medially displaced femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment on the AP view, a displaced lesser trochanter, and a displaced lateral femoral wall. These patients warrant special consideration in terms of recognition and management.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2534-2542, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803145

ABSTRACT

Background@#Reverse intertrochanteric fractures are usually initially treated with closed reduction. However, sometimes these fractures are not amenable to closed reduction and require open reduction. To date, few studies have been conducted on predictors of and reduction techniques for irreducible reverse intertrochanteric fractures. Therefore, this study aimed to summarize the displacement patterns of irreducible reverse intertrochanteric fractures and corresponding reduction techniques, and explore predictors of irreducibility.@*Methods@#We reviewed 1174 cases of trochanteric fractures treated in our hospital from January 2006 to October 2018, 113 of which were reverse intertrochanteric fractures. An irreducible fracture was determined according to intra-operative fluoroscopy imaging after closed manipulation. Fractures were assessed for displacement patterns, radiographic features of irreducibility, and reduction techniques. Logistic regression analysis was performed on potential predictors for irreducibility, including gender, age, body mass index, AO Foundation/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification, and radiographic features.@*Results@#Seventy-six irreducible fractures were identified, accounting for 67% of reverse intertrochanteric fractures. Six patterns of fracture displacement after closed manipulation were identified; the most common pattern was medial displacement and posterior sagging of the femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified three predictors of irreducibility: a medially displaced femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment on the anteroposterior (AP) view (odds ratio [OR], 8.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.04-21.04; P < 0.001), a displaced lesser trochanter (OR, 3.61; 95% CI, 1.35-9.61; P = 0.010), and a displaced lateral femoral wall (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.02-8.34; P = 0.046).@*Conclusions@#A high proportion of reverse intertrochanteric fractures are not amenable to closed reduction. Six patterns of fracture displacement after closed manipulation were identified. Different reduction techniques are required for different displacement patterns. Predictors of irreducibility include a medially displaced femoral shaft relative to the head-neck fragment on the AP view, a displaced lesser trochanter, and a displaced lateral femoral wall. These patients warrant special consideration in terms of recognition and management.

14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 206-209, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of brain interstitial fluid (ISF) induced by movement.@*METHODS@#Twenty mature male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group and movement group. Electrophysiological neurons in caudate nuclear of additional five rats were recorded and the differences analyzed between under anesthesia and by movement. In the control group, the rats were anesthetized using isoflurane continuously during the experiment process. In the meantime the magnetic tracer was injected into the center of the caudate nucleus and multi-period magnetic resonance scanning was performed at several time points until high signal intensity invisible in the images. In the movement group, the rats were anesthetized for the injection of the tracer, and the first post-injection magnetic resonance scanning was performed. Then the rats were waken and allowed moving voluntarily for 20 minutes. The rats were anesthetized again and multi-period magnetic resonance scanning was performed until the experiment ended. NanoDetect system (Version 1.2, MRI lab, Beijing, China) was used to measure the parameters on ISF, which included the weighed signal intensity (weighed ΔSI) , the term predicting the amount of the tracer, and half-time of the tracer. In movement group, the weighed ΔSI at the time points of pre-movement and 10, 40, 70, 130, and 190 minutes after movement were calculated respectively. In control group, the weighed ΔSI at the same time points also were measured. The weighed ΔSI and half-time were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The electrophysiological recording and data analysis showed significant difference in the local field potential of Caudate Nucleus between under anesthesia and by movement. The weighed ΔSI (unit: ΔSI×mm3) values of the two groups, presented by movement group vs. control group, were as followings, 60 257.1±23 069.2 vs. 61 072.0±19 547.3 at pre-move, 83 624.3±21 475.7 vs. 71 218.1±12 586.5 at 10 min after movement, 57 336.0±36 243.4 vs. 69 756.1±13 306.0 at 40 min after movement, 43 705.9±10 246.3 vs. 55 443.2±20 733.3 at 70 min after movement, 7 734.9±2 645.2 vs. 8 967.6±2 007.3 at 130 min after movement and 2 497.3±987.5 vs. 3 013.2±1 760.8 at 190 min after movement. Moreover, at 40 min after movement, the weighed ΔSI of movement group was significantly reduced compared with control group (P<0.05). The half-time was not significantly different [(104.3±54.1) min vs. (113.4±47.3) min, P>0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#ISF drainage of caudate nuclear can be acclerated temporarily by movement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Beijing , Brain , China , Drainage , Extracellular Fluid , Gadolinium DTPA , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1008-1013, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691232

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of exosomes released by adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) cell line SACC-83 on the proliferation of ACC cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Exosomes were isolated from SACC-83 cell culture supernatants using total exosome isolation reagents. The whole-mount exosomes were characterized using transmission electron microscope and Western blotting. The exosomes were labeled with green fluorescent dye PKH67 and co-cultured with SACC-83 cells for 48 h, followed by staining with Alexa Fluor 594 phalloidin and DAPI to observe exosome uptake by the cells using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). The cell proliferation was assessed using MTT assay and wound healing assay, and the expressions of ERK and P-ERK in the co-cultured SACC-83 cells were detected using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The exosomes isolated from SACC-83 cells showed a size range of 30-100 nm and expressed the exosomal markers CD9, CD63 and TSG101. LSCM showed exosome uptake by SACC-83 cells, which exhibited accelerated proliferation and significantly enhanced P-ERK expression ( < 0.05) without significant changes in ERK expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SACC-83 cells produce exosomes that promote the tumor cell proliferation and enhances the cellular expression of P-ERK, suggesting a potential role of MAPK/ERK pathway activation in exosome-mediated acceleration of ACC cell proliferation.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1543-1555, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687665

ABSTRACT

One of the requirements for increasing the economic profitability on the large-scale production of second-generation ethanol and other bio-chemicals using lignocellulose biomass as raw materials is efficient hexose and pentose utilization. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the traditional ethanol producer, is an attractive chassis cell due to its robustness towards harsh environmental conditions and inherent advantages. But S. cerevisiae cannot utilize pentose. The precision construction of suitable strains for second-generation bio-ethanol production has been taken for more than three decades based on the principle of metabolic engineering and synthetic biology. The resulting strains have improved significantly co-fermentation of glucose and xylose. Recently, much attentions have been focused on sugar transport, which is one of the limiting but formerly ignored step for ethanol production from both glucose and xylose, to get the desired state that different sugars could efficiently delivered by their individual specific transporters. In this paper, the progress on sugar transporters of S. cerevisiae was reviewed, and the research status of xylose and/or L-arabinose metabolic engineering in S. cerevisiae were also presented.

17.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 78-81,85, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660207

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability of HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system by testing its performances.Methods HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system had its performances tested and evaluated according to Verification regulation of thermoluminescence dosimetry systems used in persontal and environmental monitoring forXandgammaradiation(JJG 593-2006),Testingcriteriaofpersonneldosimetryperformanceforexternalexposure (GBZ 207-2016),Specifications for individual monitoring of occupational external exposure (GBZ 128-2016) and Thermoluminescence dosimetry systems for personal and environmental monitoring (GB/T 10264-2014),such as batch homogeneity,repeatability,linearity,incidence angle response,stability,energy response and scale factor,quantity inspection,residual dose,detection limit and etc.Results Testing results of various performance indicators proved to be within the limits according to national and industrial standards.Conclusion HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system conforms to the requirements for radiation dose measurement.It is beneficial to the improvement of quality and performance of thermoluminescence dosimetry by performances analysis and evaluation.

18.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 69-73, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of exosomes (EXO) released by adenoid cystic carcinoma SACC-83 cells on the expression of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) in normal human salivary gland stromal fibroblasts (hSGSFs).Methods:ACC exosomes were isolated from SACC-83 cell culture supernatant by using Total Exosome Isolation Reagent.The whole-mount EXO were characterized and assessed by transmission electron microscope and Western Blot.The exosomes were labeled with green fluorescent dye PKH67 and co-cultured with hSGSFs for 48h,followed by staining with Alexa Fluor 594 Phalloidin and DAPI.Mterwards,exsosomes uptake was observed under a laser scanning confocal microscope.After a 48-hour co-culture of SACC-83 exosomes with hSGSFs,the expression of FAP in SACC-83-EXO-treated hSGSFs was investigated by qRT-PCR and Western Blot.Results:The vesicles isolated from SACC-83 cell culture supernatant had the reported size range of 30-100 nm,expressed the exosomal marker CD63 and TSG101.Mter co-culture of hSGSFs with PKH67 labeled SACC-83 exosomes,exosomes were taken up by hSGSFs and FAP expression was elevated in hSGSFs.Conclusion:Exosomes derived from SACC-83 cells can be taken up by hSGSFs and can induce the expression of FAP in hSGSFs.These results suggest that exosomes derived from SACC-83 cells might induce the transformation of normal salivary gland strormal fibroblasts to cancer associated fibroblasts.

19.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 78-81,85, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662521

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability of HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system by testing its performances.Methods HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system had its performances tested and evaluated according to Verification regulation of thermoluminescence dosimetry systems used in persontal and environmental monitoring forXandgammaradiation(JJG 593-2006),Testingcriteriaofpersonneldosimetryperformanceforexternalexposure (GBZ 207-2016),Specifications for individual monitoring of occupational external exposure (GBZ 128-2016) and Thermoluminescence dosimetry systems for personal and environmental monitoring (GB/T 10264-2014),such as batch homogeneity,repeatability,linearity,incidence angle response,stability,energy response and scale factor,quantity inspection,residual dose,detection limit and etc.Results Testing results of various performance indicators proved to be within the limits according to national and industrial standards.Conclusion HARSHAW-3500 thermoluminescence dosimetry system conforms to the requirements for radiation dose measurement.It is beneficial to the improvement of quality and performance of thermoluminescence dosimetry by performances analysis and evaluation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 568-572, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664753

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference of late-phase of limb ischemia preconditioning (L-LIP) verse early-phase (E-LIP) on patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods A total of 160 patients with unstable angina pectoris who were planned to undergo PCI were divided equally into two groups at random.The late-phase of limb ischemia preconditioning group (80 patients) were provided with L-LIP (three 5-minute inflations up to 200mmHg by applying the sphygmomanometer cuff around the right upper arm,followed by 5-min intervals of reperfusion,twice a day) 3 days before PCI.The Earlyphase of limb ischemia preconditioning group (80 patients) were provided with E-LIP (method as above)2 hours before PCI.Comparison of procedural parameters during PCI and the levels of cTnT,CK-MB,hs-CRP were made 24 hours after PCI.Estimation of the rate of adverse events at 1 year between the two groups was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.Results Compared to the E-LIP group,the rates of angina,arrhythmia and TIMI flow ≤ 2 during PCI were significantly lower in the L-LIP group (all P < 0.05).At 24 hours after PCI,the levels of cTnT and CK-MB were declined more significantly in the L-LIP group[(11.52±2.41) pg/ml vs.(27.53±4.78)pg/ml,P =0.021;(14.11±2.87)Iu/L vs.(30.23±5.17)Iu/L,P =0.032].There was no difference in the level of hs-CRP between the 2 groups [(128±0.71)mg/dl vs.(1.33±0.69)mg/dl,P =0.742].The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the incidence rate of adverse events in the L-LIP group at l year was lower than the E-LIP group (3.75% vs.13.75%,P =0.024).Conclusions L-LIP is more effective to in protecting myocardial cell in patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing elective PCI and may reduce the rate of future adverse event.

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