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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Numerous studies have demonstrated the close relationship between chronic stress and blood pressure (BP). Hypertensive subjects exhibit exaggerated reactions to stress, especially higher BP. The mechanisms by which stress affects pre-existing hypertension still need to be explored. Danzhi Xiaoyao Powder (DP), a historical traditional Chinese medicine formula, is a promising treatment for BP control in hypertensive patients under stress. The present study investigated the metabolomic disruption caused by chronic stress and the treatment effect and mechanism of DP.@*METHODS@#Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were subjected to chronic restraint stress (CRS) for 4 weeks. BP was measured via the tail-cuff method, and anxiety-like behavior was quantified using the elevated-plus-maze test. Meanwhile, DP was administered intragastrically, and its effects were observed. Global metabolomic analysis was performed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, followed by multivariate statistical analysis to detect differential metabolites and pathways.@*RESULTS@#DP alleviated the CRS-induced increase in BP and anxiety-like behavior. Systematic metabolic differences were found among the three study groups. A total of 29 differential plasma metabolites were identified in both positive- and negative-ion modes. These metabolites were involved in triglyceride metabolism, amino acid (phenylalanine, tryptophan, and glycine) metabolism, and steroid hormone pathways.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings expose the metabolomic disturbances induced by chronic stress in SHRs and suggest an innovative treatment for this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Powders , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen out the suitable nonpolar molecular cosolvent and concentration with adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside content in the controlled experiment as the evaluation indexes, so as to lay a solid foundation for exploring the causes for good shape and high quality of <italic>Panax quinquefolium</italic>. Method:After being treated with different concentrations of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethanol, the adventitious roots were scanned using a panoramic scanner, and the resulting images were used for measuring the branch number and average diameter by WinRHIZO Pro 2016, Synbiosis ProtoCol 3 colony counter, Image J, and SmartRoot. The contents of ginsenosides Rg<sub>1</sub>, Rb<sub>1</sub>, and Re were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Result:Compared with the blank control, the 0.1% DMSO and 75% ethanol made the adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside contents significantly changed. Specifically, the branch number and average diameter were significantly reduced. The ginsenoside Rg<sub>1</sub> in the adventitious roots decreased after 0.1% DMSO treatment, whereas the ginsenosides Rg<sub>1</sub> and Re increased after 75% ethanol treatment. The adventitious root phenotype and ginsenoside contents in the 0.1% DMSO treatment group were not significantly different from those in the control group. Conclusion:The 0.01% DMSO does not affect the adventitious root growth of <italic>P. quinquefolium </italic>and is insoluble in water, enabling it to be considered as a suitable nonpolar molecular cosolvent for future research on the genetic causes for the good shape and high quality of <italic>P. quinquefolium</italic>.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904351

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of osteoporosis risk and influencing factors for residents from 30 to 65 years old in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou province, and to provide a theoretical basis for reducing the risk of osteoporosis and the prevention of osteoporosis in the population. Methods A health questionnaire for residents in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou, osteoporosis risk test questions, Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), etc were used. A face-to-face survey of 3 708 residents was conducted, and logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of osteoporosis risk in hot spring areas. Results 2 403(64.81%)residents of 3 708 people surveyed were at risk of osteoporosis, of whom 1 434(87.4%)males and 969 females(47.1%)had a higher risk of osteoporosis (χ2=652.4, P < 0.001). As age increased, more residents were at risk of osteoporosis(χ2=273.4, P < 0.001), and numbers of residents of 30-39 years old, 40-59 years old, and above 60 years of age at risk of osteoporosis were 319(49.2%), 1 572(62.9%), and 512(93.6%). Male osteoporosis risk was negatively correlated with an education level of undergraduate and above(OR=0.37, 95%CI: 0.19-0.73). Age 40-59(OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.07-2.22), 60 and above(OR=6.39, 95%CI: 2.76-14.79), and sleep disorders(OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.08-2.35)may increase the risk of osteoporosis in male residents in hot spring areas. Less oil in daily diet may increase the risk of osteoporosis in women(OR=1.70, 95%CI: 1.23-2.36). Age 40-59(OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.17-2.03), over 60 and above(OR=16.24, 95%CI: 10.10-26.12), and sleep disorders(OR=1.84, 95%CI: 1.48-2.28)were positively correlated with risk of osteoporosis in women. Women with junior high school degree(OR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.47-0.80), high school degree(OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.37-0.89)and undergraduate degree and above(OR=0.59, 95%CI: 0.39-0.98)had a lower risk of osteoporosis than women who were illiterate or semi-illiterate. The osteoporosis risk test questions showed that smoking, heavy drinking, and erectile dysfunction and reduced sexual desire were the main sources of osteoporosis risk in men. Menopause before the age of 60, ≤45 years old, no milk and no calcium supplements, parents with osteoporosis or bone fractures were the major risk sources of osteoporosis in women. Conclusion The risk of osteoporosis among male residents from 30 to 65 years old in typical hot spring areas in Guizhou province is higher than that among women. Education of osteoporosis prevention should be strengthened among local residents to promote healthy behaviors and lifestyles.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904349

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of osteoarthrosis and the association between hot spring bathing and osteoarthrosis among local adults in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Methods A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted among residents aged from 30 to 65 in five typical hot spring areas, including Xifeng(Xifeng County, Guiyang), Jianhe(Jianhe County, Qiandongnan), Fodingshan(Shiqian County, Tongren), Guiyu(Wudang District, Guiyang)and Huishangu(Suiyang County, Zunyi). Residents' basic information, bone and joint diseases prevalence, hot spring bathing, and other health-related behaviors were investigated in this study. The prevalence of local bone and joint diseases was analyzed, and binary logistic regression was used to calculate OR(95%CI)to analyze the association between hot spring bathing and bone and joint diseases. Results A total of 3 708 adults(1 648 males and 2 060 females)were included as the statistical analysis survey subjects, and 794 people reported bone and joint diseases, accounting for a prevalence rate of 21.41%, 95% CI: 0.201-0.227. The prevalence of females(24.56%)was higher than that of males(17.48%)(P < 0.001). The prevalence rates of diseases increased with age(χtrend2=130.265, P < 0.001). There were also statistically significant differences in the prevalence rate of bone and joint diseases among different genders, age groups, occupations, education levels, and smoking behaviors(P < 0.05). After gender, age, occupation, education and smoking were adjusted for, compared with the group who never took hot spring baths, participants who took hot spring baths occasionally(OR=0.793, 95%CI: 0.631-0.996)and frequently(OR=0.713, 95%CI: 0.536-0.948)were associated with a lower risk of bone and joint diseases. Conclusion The prevalence of osteoarthrosis is 21.41% in the typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Older or females have a higher risk of prevalence of bone and joint diseases. Hot spring bathing may be associated with a lower risk of bone and joint diseases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904346

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between hot spring bathing behavior and hypertension and understand the mediation effect of sleep quality problems on the association. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adults aged 30 to 65 living and working around five hot springs in Guizhou Province, employing a self-designed questionnaire on the health status and hot spring bathing, and 3 708 qualified questionnaires were collected. Participants were divided into three groups according to their frequency of hot spring bathing: never, occasionally, and frequently. Stratified via sex and sleep quality, the binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between different hot spring bathing frequencies and self-reported hypertension. Results Significant difference was detected in the self-reported hypertension between groups who never bathe(13.7%), who occasional bathe(9.4%)and who frequently bathe(8.5%)among female participants(χ2=10.460, P=0.005). However, no significant difference was found among different bathing groups in males. Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that compared with no bathing, occasional(OR=0.692)and frequent (OR=0.594)hot spring bathing were associated with lower hypertension prevalence among female population, and female groups of occasional and frequent bathing with sleep quality problems had smaller OR(OR=0.571 and 0.406, respectively). After sleep quality problems were included, hot spring bathing was still associated with lower hypertension risk, and the OR values of occasional bathing and frequent bathing groups were 0.723 and 0.611, respectively. The sleep quality problems of female population played a partial mediating role in the association between hot spring bathing and hypertension, and the relative mediating effects of occasional bathing and frequent bathing with hypertension were both statistically significant(Zm=-2.022 and -1.995, P < 0.05), which accounted for 34.34% and 30.15% of the total effects, respectively. Conclusion Regular hot spring bathing may play an auxiliary role in the prevention of hypertension, and it may provide a stronger protection for women, and especially those with sleep quality problems. Sleep quality problems may explain part of the association between hot spring bathing and hypertension in female population.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904343

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association between hot spring bathing and the quality of life of smokers living in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou to make suggestions on improving their quality of life. Methods The study is a cross-sectional study whose data was collected by questionnaires. The WHO Quality of Life Scale(WHO QOL-BREEF)was used to measure quality of life. Results The quality of life in the psychological domain(14.09±1.83 vs 13.79±1.82, P < 0.05)and the environmental domain(12.70±1.84 vs 12.37±1.67, P < 0.05)among smokers who took hot spring baths was significantly higher than that among those who did not. After adopting ordinary logistic regression model to adjust for other factors, for the physical domain, the odd of scoring"good"in the WHO scale in group of smokers who took hot spring baths less that once a month was 0.70 lower than that in those who took baths at least once a month(OR=0.70, 95%CI: 0.54-0.91). In psychological domain, the odd of the group of smokers who did not take hot spring baths was 0.65 lower than that in those who took baths at least once a month(OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.47-0.90). And the odd of the group of smokers who bathed less than once in a month was 0.71 lower than those who bathed at least once a month(OR=0.71, 95%CI: 0.54-0.92). Conclusion There is a positive relationship between hot spring bathing and quality of life, which prompts that people who smoke take hot spring baths to improve their quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence of residents aged 30 to 65 in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province. Methods Totally 3 708 individuals between 30 and 65 in five typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province were included in this study. Their hot spring bathing behavior and chronic disease prevalence were recorded. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the association between hot spring bathing and the incidence of chronic diseases. Results 71.3% of the residents in the hot spring areas had bathed in hot springs, with the proportion higher in males than females(χ2=92.856, P < 0.001). 76.3% of people took hot spring baths fewer than or equal to 6 times per year, 30.8% of residents often chose to take hot spring baths in the evening, and 37.6% of the residents took hot spring baths for 21-40 minutes. Bathing was more common in winter. 11.5% and 17.9% of the residents added other substances and used hot spring facilities, and most of them added traditional Chinese medicine and used the sauna. 46.6% and 41.6 % of the residents took hot spring baths to relax and relieve fatigue. The self-reported prevalence rate of chronic diseases was 522.1‰, and the top five single diseases were lumbar intervertebral disc disease(119.7‰), hypertension(118.1‰), urinary calculus(77.7‰), cervical intervertebral disc disease(53.7‰)and osteogenesis(44.5‰). Compared with those who never bathed in hot springs, taking hot spring baths 7-11 times a year was negatively correlated with chronic diseases.(OR=0.551, 95%CI: 0.345-0.879). Conclusion Hot spring bathing is popular in typical hot spring areas of Guizhou Province, but its frequency is not high. The overall prevalence of chronic diseases is relatively high, and the order of most prevalent chronic diseases is different from that in other areas. Proper hot spring bathing is negatively correlated with chronic diseases.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2505-2512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886959

ABSTRACT

The construction of nano-bionic drug delivery system based on cells or cellular components is a research hotspot of novel drug delivery systems at present. The nano-bionic drug delivery system can integrate the characteristics not only high drug loading and controlled release of nano-carriers, but also good biocompatibility, low immunogenicity and natural targeting from bionic components of cell, and it can also integrate with flexible morphology from living cells. Among them, nano-bionic drug delivery system based on macrophages possesses a good prospect of clinical application because of phagocytic function, inherent tendency, deep penetration ability and potential in cell therapy of macrophages in the treatment of tumors. Based on this, this paper reviews the drug loading strategies of nano-bionic drug delivery system based on macrophages and its application in tumor therapy, so as to provide reference for the development of novel drug delivery systems.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 752-754, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822596

ABSTRACT

Based on the rapid development of COVID-19 epidemic, China has built Huoshenshan Hospital in Wuhan. This paper analyzes the matching degree between drug consumption in Huoshenshan Hospital and medicine prepared by the medical team in the early stage and the use of medicine in the first week after receiving the patients in Huoshenshan Hospital, and compares it with medicine carried by the medical team. With the novel coronavirus infection developing rapidly, the superior group has a tight schedule and a heavy task, and the preparation time before setting out is only 3 days, the matching degree of pharmaceutical supply can reach 60% within a short period of time, which can already meet the general clinical treatment needs. This paper analyzes the situation of preparing medicine in medical teams in the early stage, and provides experience for future medical teams to carry out the law again.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical efficacy of Shufeng Jiedu Capsule (SFJD capsule) combined with western medicine in the treatment of common coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Method:By the usage propensity score matching, the clinical data of COVID-19 patients with common COVID-19 admitted to Wuhan third hospital from January 27, 2020 (solstice) to March 5, 2020, were screened out. Thirty-four patients with SFJD capsule combined with conventional therapy according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in treatment group, and 34 patients treated with conventional therapy were enrolled in control group. The disappearance rate of main symptoms (fever, cough, expectoration and fatigue), days of syndrome disappearance, effective rate and disappearance rate of other symptoms, laboratory indexes before treatment and after 7 days′ treatment, effective rate of computed tomography (CT) of the lungs, rate of COVID-19 severe transformation and hospitalization time between the two groups were compared. Result:The baseline data between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference, and was comparable. After 7 days of treatment, the symptom disappearance rate of cough, sputum, fatigue, chest tightness and panting in treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The average days of disappearance of main symptoms in treatment group was significantly less than that in control group (P<0.05). The effective rate of main symptom was significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). In treatment group, 8.8%(3/34) of the patients were transferred to severe disease, while 26.5%(9/34) of the patients in control group were transferred to severe disease, with statistically significant differences. After treatment for 7 days, lymphocytes in treatment group significantly increased (P<0.05), C-reactive protein significantly decreased (P<0.05), procalcitonin level significantly decreased (P<0.05), and D-dimer level significantly decreased (P<0.05), while lymphocytes in control group significantly increased (P<0.05), and c-reactive protein significantly decreased (P<0.05). The improvement rate of pulmonary CT in treatment group was 91.2%(31/34), which was significantly higher than 70.6%(24/34) in control group (P<0.05). After treatment, both groups were cured and discharged, the average length of stay in treatment group was (15.53±2.63) d, which was (16.35±4.98) d in control group,with no statistically significant difference. No adverse events occurred in treatment group, but 3 cases occurred in control group. Conclusion:SFJD capsule combined with western medicine can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of normal COVID-19 patients, such as cough, sputum, fatigue, chest distress and shortness of breath, alleviate the main symptoms effectively, regulate the expressions of relevant peripheral inflammation, promote the absorption of lung inflammation, and improve the cure rate, which indicates that SFJD capsule can be effectively in the treatment of patients with common COVID-19.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical efficacy of Ganlu Xiaodu decoction combined with western medicine in the treatment of common coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19). Method:With the propensity score matching method,the clinical data of patients with common COVID-19 admitted to Wuhan Third Hospital from January 25,2020 to March 18,2020,were screened out. 115 patients with Ganlu Xiaodu decoction combined with conventional therapy were enrolled in the treatment group according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,and 115 patients treated with conventional therapy were enrolled in the control group. The disappearance rate of main symptoms(fever,cough,expectoration,chest tightness,fatigue and panting),days of syndrome disappearance,effective rate and disappearance rate of other symptoms,laboratory indexes before treatment and after 7 days' treatment,effective rate in computed tomography(CT) of the lungs,rate of conversion to severe illness and total hospitalization time were compared between the two groups. Result:The baseline data between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference,but were comparable. After 7 days of treatment,the symptom disappearance rate of fever,cough,expectoration,chest tightness,fatigue and panting in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0.01).The average number of days to disappearance of main symptoms in treatment group was significantly less than that in the control group(P<0.01). The effective rate of main symptoms was 93.9%(108/115)in treatment group, significantly higher than 75.7%(87/115,P<0.01)in control group. In the treatment group,the rate of conversion to severe illness was 0, significantly lower than 16.5% (19/115) in the control group (P<0.01). After treatment for 7 days,the white blood cell count,red blood cell count,c-reactive protein,calcitonin,and D-dimer in treatment group were significantly reduced(P<0.05),while lymphocyte count was significantly increased as compared with those before treatment(P<0.01), the lymphocyte count in control group was also increased significantly in control group(P<0.01),while C-reactive protein,calcitonin and D-dimer were significantly reduced(P<0.05). As compared with the control group,C-reactive protein and calcitonin levels in the treatment group were significantly down-regulated(P<0.01),and lymphocyte count rose significantly(P<0.05).The improvement rate of pulmonary CT in the treatment group was 93.9%(108/115),which was significantly higher than 75.7%(87/115)in the control group(P<0.001). After treatment,the patients in both groups were cured and discharged,and the average length of stay in the treatment group was(14.70±2.76) d,significantly less than(15.80±4.37) d in the control group (P<0.05). No adverse events occurred in the treatment group but 6 cases occurred in the control group. Conclusion:Ganlu Xiaodu decoction combined with western medicine can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of common COVID-19 patients such as fever,cough,expectoration,chest tightness,fatigue, panting and shortness of breath,alleviate the main symptoms effectively,reduce the rate of conversion from common to serious COVID-19,regulate the expressions of relevant peripheral inflammation factors,promote absorption of lung inflammation,shorten hospitalization time,and improve the cure rate,indicating that Ganlu Xiaodu decoction can be effective in the treatment of patients with common COVID-19.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 787-790, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate cutaneous sequelae of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE), and to analyze possible related factors.Methods:A total of 13 NLE patients with long-term follow-up were collected from Department of Dermatology, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from 2016 to 2020, and clinical manifestations and cutaneous sequelae of these patients, as well as clinical manifestations of their mothers, were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Skin lesions occurred in the 13 patients within 120 days after birth, with an average onset time of 15 days, and the follow-up duration ranged from 15 to 43 months. Skin lesions mainly manifested as annular erythema, maculopapules and scales, and subsided within 2 - 18 months (average, 7.4 months). Pigmentation abnormalities occurred in 6 cases after subsidence of skin lesions, including 3 with both hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation, 2 with hypopigmentation alone, and 1 with hyperpigmentation alone. One patient with hypopigmentation achieved repigmentation after 18 months of follow-up, and no telangiectasia, atrophy or scars were observed. No abnormalities were observed in the mothers of 8 patients before pregnancy, and the mothers of 4 patients were positive for antinuclear antibody, anti-SSA/Ro antibody and anti-SSB/La antibody.Conclusions:Cutaneous sequelae can occur after skin involvement of NLE, and mainly includes pigmentation abnormalities, most of which can not subside after a long time. Attention should be paid to potential immune system abnormalities in the mothers of patients with NLE.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818371

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effect of bisoprolol against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells and explore the mechanism. Methods Left ventricular of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were isolated from 8-week-old male C57BL/6N mice. CMECs were randomized into four groups: control group, vehicle group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group (H/R group), hypoxia/reoxygenation + bisoprolol group. The level of cell proliferation, apoptosis, superoxide anion, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression were measured in each group. Results Compared with control group, H/R group had lower cell proliferation, higher apoptotic level, more superoxide anion level and the expression of Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, bisoprolol reversed hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced the decreased cell proliferation, the increased apoptosis, superoxide anion level, Cleaved caspase-3 and Nox2 expression (P < 0.05). Conclusion Bisoprolol can protect CMECs against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury by reducing the expression of Nox 2 that decreases oxidative stress.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 847-852, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867792

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often accompanied by digestive system dysfunction, such as intestinal dysfunction and dysbacteriosis. The activation of neuroendocrine system after TBI is one of the factors leading to gut microbiota changes. A variety of antimicrobial peptides secreted by Paneth cells are the key factors to maintain intestinal flora homeostasis. The dysfunction of Paneth cells after TBI may be responsible for gut microbiota changes. The authors review the mechanism of gut microbiota changes induced by TBI to provide new ideas for clinical treatment of gut microbiota changes caused by TBI.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2684-2689, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774876

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to the different treatments for low-volume metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high-volume ones, evaluation of bone metastatic status is clinically significant. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen and the burden of bone metastasis in newly diagnosed PCa patients.@*METHODS@#A single-center retrospective analysis, focusing on prostate biopsies of newly diagnosed PCa patients, was performed. A total of 261 patients were enrolled in this study in a 4-year period. All subjects were submitted to single-photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography to confirm the status of bone metastasis and, if present, the number of metastatic lesions would then be calculated. Clinical information such as age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), fibrinogen, clinical T stage, and Gleason score were collected. Patients were divided into three groups: (i) a non-metastatic group, (ii) a high volume disease (HVD) group (>3 metastases with at least one lesion outside the spine), and (iii) a low volume disease (LVD) group (metastatic patients excluding HVD ones). The main statistical methods included non-parametric Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Fibrinogen positively correlated with Gleason score (r = 0.180, P = 0.003), PSA levels (r = 0.216, P 7 (86.8%). Both univariate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.16, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.536-3.038, P < 0.001) and multivariate (OR = 1.726, 95% CI: 1.206-2.472, P = 0.003) logistic regressions showed that fibrinogen was independently associated with HVD. The ROC curve suggested that fibrinogen acts as a predictor of HVD patients, yielding a cut-off of 3.08 g/L, with a sensitivity of 0.684 and a specificity of 0.760 (area under the curve = 0.739, 95% CI: 0.644-0.833, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen is positively associated with bone metastatic burden in PCa patients. Our results indicate that fibrinogen might be a potential predictor of HVD.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of Qufu Shengji ointment(QFSJO) in promoting the wound healing after trauma.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2018, 60 patients with soft tissue injury, skin defect and wound infection caused by violent trauma were admitted, including 32 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 years, with an average age of 41.3 years. Among them, 30 patients were treated with QFSJO (QFSJO group) and 30 patients were treated with normal saline iodophor (control group). The reduction rate of wound area, the days of decayed flesh, the time of new epithelium and the recovery rate of 28 days after dressing change were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the QFSJO group, after using large dose of QFSJO, the pus of the wound increased, the granulation grew, and the new epithelium appeared on the edge of the wound, showing a rapid healing phenomenon. The wound healing rate of QFSJO group was higher than that of the control group at all time points, and the time of decaying flesh and new epithelium appeared in QFSJO group was earlier than that of the control group. The recovery rate of QFSJO group was significantly higher than that of the control group(<0.05). All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged form 6 to 12 months, with an average of 9.4 months. The exposed areas of bone and teadon were covered well. The vital signs of the two groups were stable and no adverse reactions occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#QFSJO can promote the growth of granulation tissue, promote the production of new skin, and accelerate the healing of infectious wound after trauma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Granulation Tissue , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Wound Healing , Wound Infection , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2684-2689, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803226

ABSTRACT

Background@#Due to the different treatments for low-volume metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high-volume ones, evaluation of bone metastatic status is clinically significant. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen and the burden of bone metastasis in newly diagnosed PCa patients.@*Methods@#A single-center retrospective analysis, focusing on prostate biopsies of newly diagnosed PCa patients, was performed. A total of 261 patients were enrolled in this study in a 4-year period. All subjects were submitted to single-photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography to confirm the status of bone metastasis and, if present, the number of metastatic lesions would then be calculated. Clinical information such as age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), fibrinogen, clinical T stage, and Gleason score were collected. Patients were divided into three groups: (i) a non-metastatic group, (ii) a high volume disease (HVD) group (>3 metastases with at least one lesion outside the spine), and (iii) a low volume disease (LVD) group (metastatic patients excluding HVD ones). The main statistical methods included non-parametric Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression.@*Results@#Fibrinogen positively correlated with Gleason score (r = 0.180, P = 0.003), PSA levels (r = 0.216, P < 0.001), and number of metastatic lesions (r = 0.296, P < 0.001). Compared with the non-metastatic and LVD groups, the HVD group showed the highest PSA (104.98 ng/mL, median) and fibrinogen levels (3.39 g/L, median), as well as the largest proportion of Gleason score >7 (86.8%). Both univariate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.16, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.536-3.038, P < 0.001) and multivariate (OR = 1.726, 95% CI: 1.206-2.472, P = 0.003) logistic regressions showed that fibrinogen was independently associated with HVD. The ROC curve suggested that fibrinogen acts as a predictor of HVD patients, yielding a cut-off of 3.08 g/L, with a sensitivity of 0.684 and a specificity of 0.760 (area under the curve = 0.739, 95% CI: 0.644-0.833, P < 0.001).@*Conclusions@#Pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen is positively associated with bone metastatic burden in PCa patients. Our results indicate that fibrinogen might be a potential predictor of HVD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 199-203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745040

ABSTRACT

Traumatic brain injury ( TBI) is one of the major causes of mortality and disability among young and middle-aged people. High mortality and disability rates impose a heavy economic burden on society. After TBI, rapid and standardized emergency treatment should be carried out to prevent or correct secondary injury factors leading to deterioration of nerve function, protect patients' nerve function, save lives and improve prognosis. Base on the latest research progress and literature review, the author summarizes several important aspects of TBI, especially the early treatment of severe TBI, and elaborates on several controversial issues in the treatment of severe TBI, providing reference for more standardized treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-292, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707304

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of the promoter methylation of coagulation factor Ⅶ (FⅦ) on the coagulation factor Ⅶ activity (FⅦa) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients,and the correlation between the promoter methylation in FⅦ and intracranial progressive hemorrhagic injury (PHI).Methods A prospective analysis was conducted on 79 patients with moderate-severe TBI admitted to emergency department from August 2010 to August 2014.The peripheral venous blood samples were collected at admission and then were delivered for measurement of FⅦa.Genomic DNA was isolated from patient blood,and the promoter methylation in FⅦ (CpG2,CpG3,CpG4,CpG5,and CpG6) were analyzed.According to the level of plasma FⅦa,the patients were divided into FⅦa ≥90% group and FⅦa < 90% group.Based on the presence of PHI,the patients were divided into PHI group and non-PHI group.The FⅦ promoter methylation,age,gender,systolic blood pressure,Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS),length of stay and mortality between FⅦa≥90% group and FⅦa < 90% group,PHI group and non-PHI group were compared.Results There were no significant differences in age,gender,systolic blood pressure,GCS,LOS,and mortality between FⅦa ≥90% group and FⅦa <90%,PHI group and non-PHI group (P > 0.05).The methylation of CpG3 in FⅦa ≥90% group was less than that in FⅦa <90% group (0.83 ±0.05 vs.0.85 ±0.03) (P<0.05),while there were no significant differences in other CpG sites between these two groups (P > 0.05).No significant differences in all of methylation levels of the CpG sites between PHI group and non-PHI group were found (P >0.05).Conclusions The promoter methylation of FⅦ affects plasma FⅦa concentrations,and higher methylation results in lower FⅦa.The promoter methylation of FⅦ is not associated with PHI in TBI patients.

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China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 103-107, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702938

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcomes and safety of ESD in colorectal SMTs. Methods Between January 2011 and January 2017, we performed ESD on 68 consecutive colorectal SMTs in 67 patients. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of all said cases. Results The most common type of the 68 colorectal SMTs was neuroendocrine tumor (42/68, 61.8%), followed by lipoma (20/68, 29.4%). Most of neuroendocrine tumors (41/42) were located in rectum, and most of lipomas (18/20) were located in colon. Among the 46 tumors which were evaluated by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) before ESD,38 tumors (82.6%) were located in the submucosal layer, and 31 tumors (67.4%) were hypoecho. Our overall endoscopic en bloc resection rate was 100.0%, and our R0 resection rate was 94.1% respectively. Our perforation rate of ESD was 6.0%, delayed bleeding rate 1.5%. None of the patients need surgical intervention because of complication. Follow-up rate was 95.5%, no recurrence or metastasis was observed during the median follow-up period 33 months (range 3~75 months). Conclusion EUS is conductive to the diagnosis of colorectal SMTs before ESD. ESD is a safe and effective treatment for colorectal SMTs.

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