Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 234
Filter
1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 514-519,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of microRNA (miRNA)-6751-3p expression on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells and its molecular mechanism.Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of miR-6751-3p in gastric cancer cell lines (MGC803, BGC823, SGC7901, HS-746T) and normal gastric mucosal epithelial cells (GES-1). The gastric cancer cell lines with the lowest expression level of miR-6751-3p were divided into control group and experimental group, and were transfected with miR-NC and miR-6751-3p mimics respectively. qRT-PCR detected the expression level of miR-6751-3p in the two groups of cells. CCK-8 method and scratch healing test were used to detect the proliferation and migration of miR-6751-3p overexpressing cells. The potential target genes of miR-6751-3p were predicted through Deepbase v2.0 and microRNA.org online websites, and the dual luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to verify. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of target genes in miR-6751-3p overexpression cells.Results:Compared with normal gastric mucosal epithelial cells, the expression of miR-6751-3p was significantly down-regulated in gastric cancer cell lines ( P<0.05), and the cell line with the lowest expression level was MGC803 cells ( P<0.01). Compared with the control group, overexpression of miR-6751-3p can inhibit the proliferation ability ( P<0.05). The scratch healing rate of MGC803 cells in the control group and the experimental group were (65.14±5.65)% and (23.40±6.78)%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the scratch healing rate of MGC803 cells in the experimental group was significantly lower ( t=4.73, P<0.01). The online website predicts that the target gene of miR-6751-3p may be fatty acid binding protein 5 ( FABP5), and miR-6751-3p can complementally bind FABP5 messenger RNA (mRNA) ( t=4.01, P<0.01). Compared with the control group, overexpression of miR-6751-3p can inhibit the expression of FABP5 gene in MGC803 cells ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The expression of miR-6751-3p in gastric cancer cell lines is low, and the overexpression of miR-6751-3p can inhibit the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer MGC803 cells by down-regulating the FABP5 gene.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 460-466,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of small incision open reduction and internal fixation and arthroscopic high strength non-absorbable suture in the treatment of tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).Methods:The clinical data of 72 patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture treated in Shantou Central Hospital from April 2018 to April 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were randomly divided into control group ( n=36) and experimental group ( n=36). The control group was treated with small incision open reduction and internal fixation and the experimental group was treated with high intensity non-absorbable suture under arthroscopy. The general data, surgical indexes and postoperative adverse reactions of the two groups were compared, and the knee joint function indexes of the two groups before and after treatment were compared and evaluated by random walking model. The counting data were expressed by percentage, the comparison between groups was expressed by chi-square test, the measurement data was expressed by mean ±standard deviation, the independent t-test was used for inter-group comparison, and the paired t-test was used for intra-group comparison. Results:There was no significant difference in general information, intraoperative blood loss, preoperative Lysholm score, IKDC score, Tegner score, knee mobility, and bilateral tibial displacement distance between the two groups of patients ( P>0.05). In the experimental group, the operation time, hospitalization time, the first postoperative time to move to the ground, bone healing time, and the total incidence of adverse reactions were (68.41±7.65) min, (11.93±3.24) d, (6.37±1.85) d, (23.65± 2.28) weeks, 2.78% (1/36), the control group were (55.37±8.62) min, (13.45±2.96) d, (8.16±2.08) d, (25.79±2.46) weeks, 22.22% (8/36), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The Lysholm score, IKDC score, Tegner score, range of motion of the knee joint, and the difference of bilateral tibial displacement distance after treatment in the experimental group were (85.27±5.28) points, (85.43±1.74) points, and (6.65±1.41) points, respectively. (108.45±5.79)°, (1.12±0.65) mm, the control group was (79.73±4.69) points, (80.37±1.59) points, (5.72±1.31) points, (97.58±5.42)°, (2.24±0.72) mm, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Random walking model evaluation the improvement of knee joint function in the experimental group was significantly better than that in the control group. Conclusion:Arthroscopic treatment of ACL tibial avulsion fracture with high-intensity non-absorbable suture can significantly improve the knee joint function of patients with rapid recovery and high safety, so it has a broad prospect of clinical application.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3005-3019, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921402

ABSTRACT

Formins are widely distributed in eukaryotes such as fungi, plants and animals. They play crucial roles in regulating the polymerization of actin, coordinating the synergistic interactions between actin and microtubules, and determining cell growth and morphology. Unlike formins from fungi and animals, plant formins have been evolved into two plant-specific types. Generally, type Ⅱ formins are believed to regulate the polarized growth of cells, and type Ⅰ formins may regulate the cell expansion and division processes. Recent studies on the function of plant formins suggest it is inappropriate to classify the function of formins purely based on their structures. This review summarizes the domain organization of formins and their corresponding functions, as well as the underpinning mechanisms. Furthermore, the unsolved or unexplored issues along with future perspectives on plant formins are proposed and discussed.


Subject(s)
Actins , Formins , Microfilament Proteins , Plant Cells , Plant Development , Plants
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term trend of viral hepatitis mortality in Jing’an District of Shanghai, and to provide a reference for viral hepatitis prevention and control. Methods:Mortality rate, standard mortality rate, PYLL and potential years of life lost rate (PYLL‰) of viral hepatitis in Jing’an district of Shanghai from 1976 to 2015 were calculated. The annual percent change (APC) of the mortality and PYLL‰ were analyzed by Joinpoint regression analysis. Results:From 1976 to 2015, there were 1 342 viral hepatitis death cases, including 832 males and 510 females. The average crude mortality rate was 8.31/100 000, and the average age-standardized mortality rate was 5.45/100 000. Among the deaths of viral hepatitis, men had a higher mortality rate, age-standardized mortality rate and PYLL% than women (χ2Pearson=107.34, 112.93, 39.15, all P<0.01), men were mainly in the age group of 35-64 years (accounted for 62.62%), while women were mainly in the age group of 65 years and above (accounted for 55.49 %), and the average death age of men was earlier than that of women (by rank-sum test: Z=-8.879,P<0.01). After 1990 (except in 2002), hepatitis B was the main cause of deaths from viral hepatitis, accounting for 75.00%-100%, and the proportion of other and unclassified cases gradually decreased. Overall, the mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-2.0%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 2002. The mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly from 2002 to 2015 (APC=-8.1%,P<0.05). The overall PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-3.7%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 1992. After 1992, the PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1992-2015 (APC=-6.5%,P<0.05). Conclusion:There has been a significant decline trend of viral hepatitis in the mortality rate in Jing’an District of Shanghai from 2002 to 2015, with hepatitis B as the main cause of death.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886871

ABSTRACT

Prokineticin 2 (PK2) is a newly discovered chemokine, which participates in various physiological functions of the body by binding to receptors PKR1 and PKR2. PK signaling pathway is a newly discovered important regulatory pathway for the occurrence and maintenance of pain after tissue injury and nerve injury in recent years. It plays a key role in regulating injury-related nociceptive events and is a potential therapeutic target for many diseases. The activation of PKRs can induce pain sensation and participate in the sensitivity of pain receptors to different stimuli. The PK system (PKs and PKRs) is an important link involved in inflammation and pain transmission in immune cells. PK2 is involved in the regulation of pain perception by activating PKR1 and PKR2 on primary sensory neurons. In rat primary sensory neurons, PK2 also enhances gated ion channel current through the PKC signaling pathway, inhibits GABA-activated currents, and sensitizes purine nucleotide P2 receptor (P2X). This paper reviews the research progress of PK2 in physical pain. We hope to find new drugs for the treatment of inflammatory pain that target the PKs signaling pathway in future studies.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876854

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism of Yinlian Tongfeng granules by network pharmacology. Methods Three main active components of Yinlian Tongfeng granules were collected from TCMSP database to predict its effective targets. Based on the network information of active components and targets, the anti-inflammatory and analgesic related targets were established by using protein-protein interaction information. The enrichment analysis of KEGG biological pathway and go function enrichment were carried out to construct the active component-target-signal pathway network and explain the main mechanism of anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Results 37 targets were closely related to anti-inflammation and analgesic effects of Yinlian Tongfeng granules, mainly on Prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factors (TNF). The mechanism of action may relate to the regulation of nuclear transcription factor B signaling pathway(NF-κB). Conclusion The study predicted the anti-inflammatory and analgesic mechanism of Yinlian Tongfeng granules, and provided theoretical basis for further verification and interpretation of its mechanism.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis of renal transplant recipients with NCP.@*Method@#The clinical data of 2 cases of kidney transplant recipients with NCP were retrospectively analyzed. Based onclinical manifestations, blood routine, inflammatory factors, cell immunity, chest CT andtherapeutic effects, the diagnosis and treatment of NCP in kidney transplant recipients (5th edition) were compared to that ofordinary NCP patients. Both recipients developed onset of low andmoderate fever, with no cough or fatigue at the initial stage. Blood routine indicated a normal range of leukocytes,buta significant decrease in lymphocyte counts, increased C-reactive protein (CRP) , and slightly higher procalcitonin (PCT) . The cellular immunity was extremely low, and the chest CT showed multiple patchy ground glass shadows in both lungs.@*Result@#After 1 week of onset, both patients had significant disease progression. The pathogenesis and imaging changes were highly similar tothatreported in ordinary NCP patients.Two patients were givensymptomatic supportive treatment by antiviral agents, stop uses ofimmunosuppression agents, small amount of hormone maintenance, intravenous drip of gamma globulin andrespiratory support toavoid secondary infections. At present, the condition of both patients is obviously improved, and renal function is stable. One of them has recovered and was discharged.@*Conclusion@#The clinical manifestations of NCP in renal transplant recipients were generally consistent with that of ordinary NCP patients. Although there is no established method for the treatment of NCP, it is effective by stopping uses of immunosuppressive agents, maintaining small and medium doses of hormones, actively restoring immunity, and providing respiratory support in a timely manner.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826715

ABSTRACT

The advantages of western medical research were analyzed and the differences between skin nerve stimulation in western medicine and acupuncturemoxibustion in TCM were compared, so as to inspire the scientific researches of acupuncture and moxibustion in China. The related literature was searched and the research basis, content and achievements of the American stimulating peripheral activity to relief condition (SPARC) program were systematically summarized. From the perspectives of theoretical system, stimulation site, stimulation method and mechanism of action, the similarities and differences between skin nerve stimulation in western medicine and acupuncturemoxibustion in TCM were compared. Through comparative analysis, it is found that the systematic construction of SPARC "high-resolution neural circuit map" is essentially the upgraded version of the traditional distribution map of meridians and acupoints in China, which is similar to the research on origin of nervous system and stimulation site of acupuncturemoxibustion of TCM. Under the impact of "localization of traditional Chinese medicine" in other countries, learning from the international advanced research technology, gathering top-level talents, and encouraging openness and innovation will be the necessary pathway to improve the quality of acupuncturemoxibustion research and master the power of knowledge initiative.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Moxibustion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782378

ABSTRACT

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are stem cells derived from bone marrow and peripheral blood, which could proliferate and differentiate into endothelial cells and participate in repair after tube injury. Studies have shown that the improving function of diabetic EPC could prevent and reduce the occurrence of diabetic complications. The research progress in improving the function of EPC in recent years and the improvement of function in the development of diabetes were reviewed in order to provide new ideas for the treatment of diabetes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787610

ABSTRACT

To discuss the characteristics of symptoms improvement based on the follow-up evaluation of Eustachian tube balloon dilation medium to long-term efficacy in patients with symptomatic Eustachian tube dysfunction (SETD). Patients from 2015 to 2017 were followed up after Eustachian tube balloon dilation (with the sense of aural fullness, or tinnitus and hearing ambiguity). All participants had been done ETDQ-7 before surgery and were re-evaluated with ETDQ-7 in follow-up. The improvement of overall and individual symptoms scores in ETDQ-7, the effects of gender and the difference of scores at different stages (12-18 months, 18-24 months and 24-30 months) after the operation were analyzed. There were 29 patients, including 16 males and 13 females, whose age ranged from 20 to 62 years old. The medium to long-term score of ETDQ-7 significantly declined after surgery (27.0±7.9 . 14.1±7.5, 0.05). Among all symptoms, symptoms like "blockage feeling in ear or being like under the water, constriction feeling" , "sound of blisters or explosions in the ear" decreased obviously (0.05). Comparing different stages after surgery, the scores of ETDQ-7 existed no difference (0.05). And the difference of gender showed no significant influence on surgery effects. The subjective symptoms of patients with Eustachian tube dysfunction diagnosed with SETD can be significantly improved in the medium to long-term follow-up after Eustachian tube balloon dilation, and the degree of improvement is not linearly related to the postoperative time.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 320-325, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety, feasibility and operational performance of self-developed medical disposable portable endoscopy (YunSendo) for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy examination in Ba-Ma mini-pigs.Methods:A total of 10 Guangxi Ba-Ma mini-pigs were used in the experiment, and mucosal injury models were established in advance by biopsy forceps in esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Each experimental animal underwent medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy (GIF-Q260J) performed by two endoscopists separately. The time when the endoscope reached the duodenum, the number of detected mucosal injuries and endoscopic pictures of different parts with standard image acquisition were recorded. Endoscopic operational performance and endoscopic image quality were evaluated. Different endoscopists recorded experimental results with blind method. The procedures of the two endoscopic examinations were performed by coin-tossing method. The paired t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:There were no statistically significant differences in the insertion time and total operation time between medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy ( (171.00±9.96) s vs. (164.00±17.84) s, (285.00±33.94) s vs. (273.40±23.46) s; t=1.289 and 1.281, P=0.230 and 0.232). There were no statistically significant differences in the percentage of time of clear visual field during endoscopy insertion and total operation between medical disposable portable endoscopy and Olympus endoscopy ((91.83±1.85)% vs. (91.52±1.51)%, (93.07±3.10)% vs. (92.06±2.57)%; t=0.401 and 0.689, P=0.698 and 0.508). Moreover, there were no statistically significant differences in the score of comprehensive operation performance, score of clear image number, score of image color recognition, score of image illumination, comprehensive score of image quality and number of detected mucosal injuries ((9.66±0.30) points vs. (9.86±0.15) points, (39.50±0.71) points vs. (39.30±1.06) points, (39.70±0.48) points vs. (39.40±0.70) points, (39.40±0.70) points vs. (39.50±0.71) points, (9.88±0.09) points vs. (9.85±0.20) points, 9.80±0.42 vs. 9.90±0.32; t=2.176, 1.000, 1.152, 0.317, 0.629 and 0.557, all P>0.05). There were no adverse events after operation in medical disposable portable endoscopy group and Olympus endoscopy group. Conclusions:The medical disposable portable endoscopy is safe and feasible for endoscopy examination in live animal models. Different parts of upper gastrointestinal tract and mucosal lesions can be clearly detected. The operational performance and the image quality are excellent, which is similar to Olympus endoscopy (GIF-Q260J).

13.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 640-644, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of autophagy mediated PI3K/AKT pathway and sex hormones in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rats, so as to explore the mechanisms underlying improvement of PCOS anovulatory infertility. METHODS: Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, model and EA groups (n=10 per group). The PCOS model was established by gavage of Letrozole solution (1.0 mg/kg), once daily for 21 consecutive days. Then, EA (2 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to the "Sanyinjiao"(SP6) and "Taichong"(LR3) for 20 min, once a day for 14 successive days. The morphological changes of the ovary were observed after H.E. staining. The contents of serum androgen (T), luteinizing hormone (LH) and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) were detected by ELISA. The expression levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT) and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) in the ovary tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the levels of serum T, LH and AMH contents, and ovarian LC3 Ⅱ expression and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰwere significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression levels of PI3K and AKT proteins were considerably decreased in the model group (P<0.05). After EA intervention, the levels of serum T, LH, AMH, and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰwere considerably down-regulated (P<0.05), and those of PI3K and AKT were obviously up-regulated in the EA group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA intervention can reduce serum T, LH and AMH contents, and the ratio of ovarian LC3 Ⅱ/Ⅰ and up-regulate ovarian PI3K and AKT in PCOS rats, which may contribute to its effect in improving anovulatory infertility by suppressing autophagy.

14.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 767-770, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844102

ABSTRACT

As a characteristic therapy in traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture has shown potential advantages in anti-tumor therapy, and one of the therapeutic effects of acupuncture is to improve the immunosuppressive conditions in patients with tumor. Based on the immunoregulatory effect of acupuncture, this article summarized the mechanism of acupuncture in regulating tumor immune status from the following aspects: stimulating the activation of natural killer cells, increasing the number of CD8+ T cells, and adjusting the balance between T helper 1 cells and T helper 2 cells and between regulatory T cells and T helper 17 cells. With reference to existing evidence, we believe that acupuncture can regulate the body's immunosuppressive conditions through a variety of targets, but further clinical and basic studies are needed to clarify its regulatory effect on tumor immune microenvironment and related mechanism of action.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and clinical characteristics of pathogens in children with acute respiratory infection (ARI). Methods A total of 85 children with ARI in our hospital from January 2018 to May 2019 were enrolled. The distribution of pathogens, clinical characteristics, and the detection rate among different, ages, and seasons were observed. Results Among 85 children, 35 cases (41.18%) were positive for serum IgM. The total positive rate of IgM among children aged between 20d and 28d was higher than those aged less than 20d (χ2=10.365,P=0.001). MP, RSV, INFB and PIV showed significant difference between two age groups (P2=17.775,P=0.001). The clinical characteristics of 85 cases of ARI included 50 cases (58.85%) of dry cough, 84 cases (98.82%) of pharyngeal congestion, 56 cases (71.76%) of body temperature > 38.5°C (65.88%), 61 cases of pulmonary texture disorder with spot shadow and 65 cases (76.47%) of white blood cells > 10.0×109/L. Conclusion MP is the main pathogen in ARI children. age and season are important factors for respiratory tract pathogen infection, and summer is the peak period of infection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817647

ABSTRACT

@#Since the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia(coronavirus disease 2019,COVID- 19)in 2019,it has had a serious impact on the normal work and life of the people because of its strong infectivity,high susceptibility,long incubation period and diversified clinical manifestations. In this epidemic situation,clinicians should master the clinical manifestations and epidemiological characteristics of novel coronavirus pneumonia ,comply with the diagnosis and treatment guidelines of novel coronavirus pneumonia,carry out the diagnosis and treatment classification of surgical diseases well,reasonably select surgical methods;while optimizing the process of diagnosis,treatment and nursing,the protective measures should be taken according to different risk grades.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829957

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of the active fractions of Tongfeng granules on rats with arthritis induced by complete Freund's adjuvant. Methods 56 SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, blank group, model group, total flavonoids group, total organic acid group, total alkaloid group, Tongfeng granule group and positive control group. Except for the blank group, the remaining 6 groups established joints pathological model of inflammation. 15 days after the successful modeling, intragastric drug administration was continued for 30 days. The swelling of ankle joint, WBC, N%, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and the histopathology of joint were measured. Results Comparing with the model group, each effective fraction group of Tongfeng granules, Gout granules and positive control group decreased the ankle joint swelling rate significantly (P<0.01) and reduced fibrous tissue proliferation. There was no significant difference in WBC and N% of neutrophils. They significantly reduce the level of serum IL-6 and TNF-α, and increase the level of IL-10 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion This study clarifies the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of active fractions of Tongfeng granules and provides a basis for further clinical medication and preparation development.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize the emergency management of the kidney transplantation for a large tertiary first-class hospital in response to the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of inpatients in the Department of Kidney Transplantation from January 24, 2020 to February 29, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, we conducted telephone, Wechat follow-up, and online education for kidney transplant recipients and patients on waiting-list for kidney transplantation one by one. We also strictly screened for COVID-19 in outpatients. To guarantee the security of medical staff and recipients and to reduce the transmission risk of COVID-19, we have made detailed approaches to prevent COVID-19, which mainly included 6 aspects of preventive approaches, such as kidney transplant clinic, kidney transplant ward, patients on waiting-list for kidney transplantation, kidney transplant operation, medical staff self-protection, and postoperative follow-up of kidney transplant recipients.@*RESULTS@#There were altogether 47 inpatients which included 20 recipients who had just received kidney transplantation in the meantime, 2 577 kidney transplant recipients, 1 689 patients on waiting-list for kidney transplantation, and 794 outpatients in our hospital. No case of COVID-19 occurred in this period.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through strictly implementing proactive and preventive approaches, we avoid the occurrence of COVID-19 in carrying out kidney transplantation in the epidemic period.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Transplant Recipients , Waiting Lists
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of Kirschner wire radial sector fixation and bilateral ulnar radial cross fixation in treating supracondylar fracture of humerus in children after closed reduction.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to December 2018, 60 children with supracondylar fracture of humerus treated with closed reduction and Kirschner wire fixation were analyzed retrospectively, and divided into two groups according to different needling methods. Thirty patients in radial three needles fan fixation group (group A), including 19 males and 11 females, aged from 2 to 10 years old with an average of (5.00±2.10) years old, 21 patients were typeⅡ and 9 patients were typeⅢ according to Gartland classification. Thirty patients in cross fixationwith 3 needles on both ulnar and radial side group(group B), including 22 males and 8 females, aged from 1 to 9 years old with an average of(5.13±2.08) years old, 19 patients were typeⅡand 11 patients were typeⅢ. Healing time of fracture, postoperative complications, elbow flexion and extension activity, forearm rotation activity recovery, elbow carrying angle and angle loss after operation between two groups were observed and compared. Mayo Elbow function score at the final following up was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, while there were no significant difference in follow-up time and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and Kirschner wire at the early stage of fracture has advantages of less trauma, easy reduction, stable fixation, and early functional exercise. The risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury caused by fan-shaped fixation of three radial needles is less than that of cross fixation of three radial needles.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Infant , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL