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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 455-463, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016654

ABSTRACT

Thrombus is a major factor leading to cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Although fibrinolytic anti-thrombotic drugs have been widely used in clinical practice, they are still limited by narrow therapeutic windows, short half-lives, susceptibility to inactivation, and abnormal bleeding caused by non-targeting. Therefore, it is crucial to effectively deliver thrombolytic agents to the site of thrombus with minimal adverse effects. Based on the long blood circulation and excellent drug-loading properties of human serum albumin (HSA), we employed genetic engineering techniques to insert a functional peptide (P-selectin binding peptide, PBP) which can target the thrombus site to the N-terminus of HSA. The fusion protein was expressed using Pichia pastoris and purified by Ni-chelating affinity chromatography. After being loaded with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs), the fusion protein formed homogeneous and stable nanoparticles (named as PBP-HSA@Au) with a diameter of 17.7 ± 1.0 nm and a zeta potential of -11.3 ± 0.2 mV. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis tests demonstrated the superb biocompatibility of PBP-HSA@Au. Platelet-targeting experiments confirmed the thrombus-targeting ability conferred by the introduction of PBP into PBP-HSA@Au. Upon near-infrared ray (NIR) irradiation, PBP-HSA@Au rapidly converted light energy into heat, thereby disrupting fibrinogen and exhibiting outstanding thrombolytic efficacy. The designed HSA fusion protein delivery system provides a precise, rapid, and drug-free treatment strategy for thrombus therapy. This system is characterized by its simple design, high biocompatibility, and strong clinical applicability. All animal experiments involved in this study were carried out under the protocols approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jiangnan University [JN. No20230915S0301015(423)].

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3024-3031, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999052

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the role and mechanism of terpinen-4-ol (T4O) on high glucose (HG) -induced calcification in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC). To investigate the role of T4O on HG-induced calcium deposition, osteogenic phenotypic transformation and mitochondrial dynamics in VSMC, Mdivi-1, a mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp-1) inhibitor, was used to analyze the correlation between mitochondrial dynamics and VSMC calcification and the role of T4O. Alizarin red S staining was used to observe calcium salt deposition and flow cytometry to detect intracellular Ca2+ content; Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression of phenotypic switching-related markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and Runt related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and mitochondrial dynamics-related markers mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and Drp-1. The results showed that low and high doses of T4O could inhibit HG-induced down-regulation of α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2 expression levels, and up-regulation of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1 expression levels, reduce intracellular Ca2+ content and calcium salt deposition, and effectively inhibit HG-induced VSMC calcification and mitochondrial dynamics disorders. The T4O group, Mdivi-1 group and T4O+Mdivi-1 group were able to up-regulate the expression levels of HG-induced α-SMA, MFN1 and MFN2, down-regulate the protein expression levels of BMP2, Runx2 and Drp-1, and inhibit calcium salt deposition, and there was no significant difference between the above indexes in the T4O and T4O+Mdivi-1 groups. The above findings suggest that T4O can inhibit the expression level of Drp-1, regulate the disturbance of mitochondrial dynamics, and suppress HG-induced VSMC calcification.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2065-2069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998491

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of epithelial-off accelerated corneal cross-linking(CXL)in the treatment of advanced keratoconus.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on data collected from 32 patients(43 eyes)with advanced keratoconus who underwent epithelial-off accelerated CXL at Ningxia Eye Hospital from April 2020 to December 2021. Slit-lamp, intraocular pressure, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), corrected visual acuity, specular microscope, Pentacam and Corvis ST were tested before and at 1, 3 and 6mo after surgery. Preoperative and postoperative corneal condition, UCVA, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and the values of corneal endothelial, maximum keratometry(Kmax), thinnest corneal thickness(TCT), anterior and posterior surfaces of the cornea K1, K2, biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure(bIOP), applanation time 1(A1T), applanation length 1(A1L), applanation velocity 1(A1V), applanation time 2(A2T), applanation length 2(A2L), applanation velocity 2(A2V), highest concavity deformation amplitude(HCDA), radius at highest curvature(HCR), highest concavity peak distance(HCPD)and stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1)were recorded.RESULTS: There were differences between UCVA(LogMAR; 1.06±0.49, 0.78±0.39)and BCVA(LogMAR; 0.48±0.34, 0.38±0.29)before and at 6mo after surgery(P<0.05), but there were no differences in corneal endothelial cells(2917.39±288.38 vs. 2959.19±336.27 cells/mm2, P=0.477). There were differences among Kmax, TCT, anterior surface K1 and K2 and posterior surface K1 before and after surgery(P<0.05), and all increased at 1mo after surgery then returned to preoperative level at 3mo after surgery, while there was no difference in the posterior K2. Furthermore, there were statistical significance in A1T, HCPD and SP-A1 before and after surgery(P<0.05), while there were no statistical significance in A1L, A1V,A2T, A2L, A2V, HCDA, HCR and bIOP(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: Epithelial-off accelerated CXL can prevent the progression of keratoconus within half year after surgery, and it has certain safety.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1793-1797, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996886

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the changes in corneal biomechanics of patients with moderate refractive error after receiving small-incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis(FS-LASIK)using the corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST).METHODS:Prospective cohort study. A total of 65 moderate myopia patients(65 eyes)who were scheduled to undergo refractive surgery at the Ophthalmic Refractive Surgery Center of the Ningxia Eye Hospital from November 2020 to November 2021 were included in the study, and there were 30 eyes in the SMILE group and 35 eyes in the FS-LASIK group. The changes in corneal biomechanical parameters, including integrated radius(IR), inverse concave radius(ICR), deformation amplitude ratio 2mm(DAR2), stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP-A1), ambrosio relational thickness(ARTh)and the central curvature radius at highest concavity(HC-Radius)were observed by Corvis ST between both groups preoperatively and 1 and 3mo postoperatively.RESULTS: There were no statistical significance in biomechanical parameters between two groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively(P>0.05). IR, ICR and DAR2 of each groups of patients 1 and 3mo postoperatively were significantly increased than those preoperatively, and SP-A1, ARTh and HC-Radius were significantly decreased than those preoperatively(all P<0.05). The biomechanical parameters at 1mo and 3mo postoperatively showed no statistical significance(P>0.05). In addition, a positive correlation was found between central corneal thickness(CCT)and ARTh and SP-A1 of the two groups of patients at 3mo postoperatively(FS-LASIK group: r=0.727, 0.819, SMLIE group: r=0.683, 0.434, all P<0.05), while a negative correlation was found between CCT and IR and ICR at 3mo postoperatively.(FS-LASIK group: r=-0.697, -0.622, SMLIE group: r=-0.447, -0.491, all P<0.05).CONCLUSION:For patients with moderate myopia, both SMILE and FS-LASIK can reduce corneal biomechanical stability. Both surgeries showed no significant differences in the effect on biomechanical, and the biomechanical has been stabilized at 1mo postoperatively. A correlation was found between postoperative CCT and ARTh, SP-A1, IR and ICR.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 928-932, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993523

ABSTRACT

The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) convened a writing group to develop a consensus report on the management of anti-rheumatic medication in patients with rheumatic diseases undergoing elective total hip or total knee arthroplasty in June 2022. In particular, the consensus provides significant updates on target synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and perioperative medication management in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, as well as the addition of newly approved antirheumatic medications for administration. This article will interpret the consensus and provide a reference for the perioperative management of antirheumatic medications for hip and knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatic diseases in China.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 392-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the value of S-Detect and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System(BI-RADS) 4 breast lesions.Methods:A total of 104 breast lesions in 100 patients diagnosed as BI-RADS category 4 by conventional ultrasound were prospectively enrolled, and all of them were received S-Detect and CEUS examination at the same time. Taking pathology as the gold standard, ROC curve was constructed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of conventional ultrasound, S-Detect, CEUS and their combination.Results:Among the 104 BI-RADS category 4 breast lesions, 63 were benign and 41 were malignant. The sensitivities of conventional ultrasound, S-Detect, CEUS and S-Detect combined with CEUS were 73.17%, 87.80%, 87.80%, 90.24%; the specificities were 57.14%, 60.32%, 68.25%, 77.78%; the positive predictive values were 52.63%, 59.02%, 64.29% and 72.55%; the negative predictive values were 76.60%, 88.37%, 89.59% and 92.45%; the accuracies were 63.46%, 71.15%, 75.96% and 82.69%; and the areas under the ROC curve (AUC) were 0.652, 0.741, 0.780 and 0.840. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of S-Detect and CEUS diagnosis were improved compared with conventional ultrasound. The AUC of combined diagnosis was higher than that of S-Detect, CEUS alone, and the differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). The AUC of CEUS was higher than that of conventional ultrasound, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in AUC between any two of other groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The combined application of S-Detect and CEUS could achieve complementary advantages, which is of great significance for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant in BI-RADS 4 breast lesions.

7.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 684-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988905

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of paliperidone palmitate treatment on schizophrenic patients in the community. Methods446 schizophrenic patients who used paliperidone palmitate injection were selected in Shanghai. Before and after the treatment, the disease family burden scale, the concise evaluation scale of drug treatment compliance, the VAS100 score of treatment satisfaction, the short form of quality of life measurement scale, and the screening scale of social function defects were used to evaluate the effects of paliperidone palmitate injection. The data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 26.0 software. ResultsAfter using paliperidone palmitate injection, the total score of family burden (13.94±12.17), the score of daily family activities (3.26±2.74), the score of family entertainment activities (2.21±2.30), and the score of family relationship (2.79±2.76) were significantly higher than those before the treatment (14.98±12.64, 3.51±2.88, 2.48±2.38, 3.11±2.87, respectively, all with P<0.05). The scores of the World Health Organization on quality of life brief scale (62.89±11.94) and the medication compliance scale (28.11±5.64) were better than those before treatment (60.67±12.62 and 27.37±6.96, all with P<0.05). Compared with the prior treatment without paliperidone palmitate injection, the number of readmissions after treatment was significantly reduced (P<0.01). ConclusionThe treatment of paliperidone palmitate injection has significant effect, which can effectively reduce the disease family burden of Schizophrenic patients, improve their quality of life, enhance their drug compliance, reduce the readmission rate of patients, ensure long-term treatment effect and promote disease recovery.

8.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 626-633, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the cardioprotective effects of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) in heart failure (HF).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang Database, Chinese Bio-medical Literature and Retrieval System (SinoMed), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to November 1, 2021 for animal experiments to explore AS-IV in treating HF in rats or mice. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD), left ventricular weight-to-body weight (LVW/BW) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were recorded. The qualities of included studies were assessed by the risk of bias according to the Cochrane handbook. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 13.0.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one articles involving 558 animals were considered. Compared with the control group, AS-IV improved cardiac function, specifically by increasing LVEF (mean difference (MD)=6.97, 95% confidence interval (CI)=5.92 to 8.03, P<0.05; fixed effects model) and LVFS (MD=7.01, 95% CI=5.84 to 8.81, P<0.05; fixed effects model), and decreasing LVEDD (MD=-4.24, 95% CI=-4.74 to -3.76, P<0.05; random effects model) and LVESD (MD=-4.18, 95% CI=-5.26 to -3.10, P<0.05; fixed effects model). In addition, the BNP and LVW/BW levels were decreased in the AS-IV treatment group (MD=-9.18, 95% CI=-14.13 to -4.22, P<0.05; random effects model; MD=-1.91, 95% CI=-2.42 to -1.39, P<0.05; random effects model).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AS-IV is a promising therapeutic agent for HF. However, this conclusion needs to be clinically validated in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 655-664, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982306

ABSTRACT

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading causes of death in cardiovascular disease. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an important method for the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), and it has greatly reduced the mortality of ACS patients since its application. However, a series of new problems may occur after PCI, such as in-stent restenosis, no-reflow phenomenon, in-stent neoatherosclerosis, late stent thrombosis, myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, and malignant ventricular arrhythmias, which result in the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) that seriously reduce the postoperative benefit for patients. The inflammatory response is a key mechanism of MACE after PCI. Therefore, examining effective anti-inflammatory therapies after PCI in patients with ACS is a current research focus to reduce the incidence of MACE. The pharmacological mechanism and clinical efficacy of routine Western medicine treatment for the anti-inflammatory treatment of CHD have been verified. Many Chinese medicine (CM) preparations have been widely used in the treatment of CHD. Basic and clinical studies showed that effectiveness of the combination of CM and Western medicine treatments in reducing incidence of MACE after PCI was better than Western medicine treatment alone. The current paper reviewed the potential mechanism of the inflammatory response and occurrence of MACE after PCI in patients with ACS and the research progress of combined Chinese and Western medicine treatments in reducing incidence of MACE. The results provide a theoretical basis for further research and clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Coronary Disease , Treatment Outcome , Stents/adverse effects
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980772

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of Bushen Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for tonifying kidney and calming spirit ) in treating perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) of kidney-yin deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with PMI of kidney-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 1 case dropped off). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20) and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Taixi (KI 3), Anmian (Extra) in the observation group, while sham acupuncture of shallow needling at non-acupoints was applied in the control group. The treatment was required once every other day, 3 times a week for 10 times in the two groups. Before and after treatment, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to evaluate the subjective sleep quality, and polysomnography (PSG) was used to monitor the objective sleep quality in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, hypnotic, daytime dysfunction and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), the scores of sleep duration, sleep efficiency and total score of PSQI were decreased compared with those before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, hypnotic and total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index was reduced (P<0.01) when PSG indexes were monitored, and the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 1 (N1%) was decreased while the percentage of non-rapid eye movement sleep period 3 (N3%) was increased (P<0.05) compared with those before treatment in the observation group; there was no statistical difference in the PSG indexes compared with those before treatment in the control group (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with the control group, the sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the sleep latency and the awake time after falling asleep were shortened, the arousal awake index and N1% were decreased in the observation group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Bushen Anshen acupuncture can effectively improve the subjective and objective sleep quality in PMI patients of kidney-yin deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Perimenopause , Yin Deficiency , Acupuncture Therapy , Kidney , Hypnotics and Sedatives
11.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 144-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004860

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the perioperative rate of allogeneic red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its risk factors, and to identify its cross-match to transfusion ratio (C∶T ratio). 【Methods】 Anesthetic data of patients who underwent TKA from January 2014 to October 2019 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Perioperative allogeneic RBC transfusion rate was calculated, and binary Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify its risk factors in these patients. The overall C∶T ratio was calculated and divided into subgroups based on surgery type and age group. 【Results】 The study enrolled 2 903 patients. The perioperative rate of allogeneic RBC transfusion in TKA patients was 10.9% (95% CI 9.8%~12.0%) and overall C∶T ratio was 5.6∶1. The independent risk factors leading to perioperative allogeneic RBC transfusion included advanced age(OR=1.025, 95% CI 1.009~1.042, P<0.01), preoperative hemoglobin level(OR=0.966, 95% CI 0.954~0.978, P<0.001), preoperative anemia(OR=3.543, 95% CI 2.052~6.119, P<0.001), hematological diseases(OR=6.462, 95% CI 2.479~16.841, P<0.001), bilateral surgery(OR=7.681, 95% CI 5.759~10.245, P<0.01) and revision surgery(OR=9.584, 95% CI 4.360~21.065, P<0.001). 【Conclusion】 The risk factors for perioperative allogeneic RBC transfusion in TKA patients included advanced age, preoperative low hemoglobin level, preoperative anemia, hematological diseases, bilateral surgery and revision surgery. Only type and screen tests are recommended if patients receiving unilateral primary TKA surgery are less than 75 years old without anemia and hematological diseases, while at least one to four units of blood should be cross-matched if patients are with preoperative anemia and hematological diseases or will receive bilateral and revision arthroplasty.

12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 165-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970770

ABSTRACT

Objective: To fabricate TiO2 nanotube material functionalized by antimicrobial peptide LL-37, and to explore its effects on biological behaviors such as adhesion and migration of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and its antibacterial properties. Methods: The TiO2 nanotube array (NT) was constructed on the surface of polished titanium (PT) by anodization, and the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was loaded on the surface of TiO2 nanotube (LL-37/NT) by physical adsorption. Three samples were selected by simple random sampling in each group. Surface morphology, roughness, hydrophilicity and release characteristics of LL-37 of the samples were analyzed with a field emission scanning electron microscope, an atomic force microscope, a contact angle measuring device and a microplate absorbance reader. HaCaT cells were respectively cultured on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of cell was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. The number of cell adhesion was observed by cellular immunofluorescence staining. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Wound scratch assay was used to observe the migration of HaCaT. The above experiments were used to evaluate the effect of each group on the biological behavior of HaCaT cells. To evaluate their antibacterial effects, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) was respectively inoculated on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of bacteria was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. Bacterial viability was determined by live/dead bacterial staining. Results: A uniform array of nanotubes could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group, and the top of the tube was covered with granular LL-37. Compared with PT group [the roughness was (2.30±0.18) nm, the contact angle was 71.8°±1.7°], the roughness [(20.40±3.10) and (19.10±4.11) nm] and hydrophilicity (the contact angles were 22.4°±3.1° and 25.3°±2.2°, respectively) of titanium samples increased in NT and LL-37/NT group (P<0.001). The results of in vitro release test showed that the release of antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was characterized by early sudden release (1-4 h) and long-term (1-7 d) slow release. With the immunofluorescence, more cell attachment was found on NT and LL-37/NT than that on PT at the first 0.5 and 2.0 h of culture (P<0.05). The results of CCK-8 showed that there was no significant difference in the proliferation of cells among groups at 1, 3 and 5 days after culture. Wound scratch assay showed that compared with PT and NT group, the cell moved fastest on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group at 24 h of culture [(96.4±4.9)%] (F=35.55, P<0.001). A monolayer cells could be formed and filled with the scratch in 24 h at LL-37/NT group. The results of bacterial test in vitro showed that compared with the PT group, the bacterial morphology in the NT and LL-37/NT groups was significantly wrinkled, and obvious bacterial rupture could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group. The results of bacteria staining showed that the green fluorescence intensity of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group was the lowest in all groups (F=66.54,P<0.001). Conclusions: LL-37/NT is beneficial to the adhesion and migration of HaCaT cells and has excellent antibacterial properties, this provides a new strategy for the optimal design of implant neck materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium/chemistry , Antimicrobial Peptides , Cathelicidins , Sincalide , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nanotubes/chemistry , Dental Materials , Bacteria , Keratinocytes , Surface Properties
13.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 342-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965851

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) complicated with nerve root canal stenosis. MethodsA retrospective study was done on 40 LDH patients complicated with nerve root canal stenosis who underwent TESSYS in our hospital from April 2019 to April 2021. The clinical efficacy of the patients was evaluated by the modified Mac Nab criteria 12 months after the surgery. We also measured and analyzed the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Japanese orthopaedic association (JOA), the changes of structural parameters of lumbar spine and inflammatory factor levels preoperatively, 6 and 12 months after the surgery. ResultsAll the 40 cases successfully underwent the surgery and follow-ups, with a 12-month post-operative clinical excellent and good rate of 90%. The preoperative, 6-month and 12-month post-operative VAS scores were (7.38±2.06), (2.36±0.87) and (1.62±0.82), respectively. The respective ODI scores were (55.54±11.19), (26.52±7.61) and (18.14±4.36); JOA scores (13.93±2.10), (20.26±1.35) and (22.34±1.88). The post-operative scores of VAS, ODI and JOA were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative lumbosacral angles were (37.23±6.84)° and (27.37±4.31)°, respectively, with the respective lumbar curvatures of (13.48±3.06) mm and (22.36±4.51) mm. The post-operative lumbosacral angle and lumbar curvature were significantly improved compared with those before the surgery (P<0.05). The preoperative and post-operative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were (3.43±0.61) mg/L and (5.18±0.70) mg/L, respectively, with the respective tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels of (1.44±0.27) mg/L and (2.07±0.44) mg/L. The post-operative levels of hs-CRP and TNF-α were significantly higher than those before the surgery (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the treatment of LDH complicated with nerve root canal stenosis, TESSYS achieves a good clinical effect, improves the structure and function of the lumbar spine, reduces the degree of lumbar spine pain, and has a mild post-operative inflammatory reaction.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 366-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy in children and the association of the interval from the last administration of laxative to the start of colonoscopy (shortly referred to as waiting time) with the quality of bowel preparation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the children who were admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from January to November 2020, and received bowel preparation with polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder combined with diet control before colonoscopy. According to the score of Boston bowel preparation scale, they were divided into two groups: adequate bowel preparation group (n=337) and inadequate bowel preparation group (n=30). Related data were collected from the children in both groups, including general information, possible influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation, adverse reactions associated with bowel preparation, duration of colonoscopy, and postoperative diagnosis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the influencing factors for the quality of bowel preparation.@*RESULTS@#The univariate analysis showed that age, body weight, and waiting time were associated with inadequate bowel preparation (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that older age (OR=2.155, 95%CI: 1.087-4.273, P=0.028) and longer waiting time (OR=1.559, 95% CI: 1.191-2.041, P=0.001) were independent risk factors for inadequate bowel preparation. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of waiting time was 5.5 hours in determining whether bowel preparation was adequate or not, with a sensitivity of 90.0%, a specificity of 50.7%, and an area under the ROC curve of 0.708. After grouping based on waiting time, it was found that the incidence rate of inadequate bowel preparation in the ≥5.5 hours group was significantly higher than that in the <5.5 hours group [14.0% (27/193) vs 1.7% (3/174), P<0.001].@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children who use polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder combined with diet control for bowel preparation, older age is an independent risk factor for inadequate bowel preparation before colonoscopy, which may be associated with an insufficient dose of polyethylene glycol in older children. Longer waiting time is also an independent risk factor for inadequate bowel preparation, and it is recommended that the waiting time should not exceed 5.5 hours.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cathartics , Colonoscopy , Diet , Electrolytes , Polyethylene Glycols/adverse effects , Powders , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 159-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940399

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of flower removal on the content of three alkaloids in different parts of Fritillaria thunbergii from different regions and at different growth stages. MethodThe content of peiminine, peimine, and peimisine in the bulb, root, stem, and leaf of F. thunbergii after flower removal and with flower un-removed at different growth stages and in different regions were determined simultaneously by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD) method. The UPLC was conducted on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 150 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.02% triethylamine aqueous solution (A) and methanol (B)elution gradient(0-2 min, 45%A; 2-5 min, 45%-25%A; 5-7 min, 25%A; 7-17 min, 25%-10%A; 17-20 min, 10%A), flow velocity of 0.20 mL·min-1, column temperature 35 °C, sample room temperature of 20 °C, and injection volume of 3 µL. The ELSD was carried out at drift tube temperature 45 °C and with the sprayer parameter of 40%. ResultThe flower removal significantly increased the yield of F. thunbergii. At the budding stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang, Pan'an in Zhejiang, and Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flowering un-removal treatment, while it showed no significant difference between the flower removal and un-removal treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the flowering stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal was significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, while it showed an opposite trend for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang and Fengjie in Chongqing and had no significant difference between the two treatments for the samples from Ningbo in Zhejiang. At the bulb expansion stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang and Pan’an in Zhejiang after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, which was opposite for the samples from Nantong in Jiangsu and had no significant difference between the treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the harvest stage, except for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang, the samples from the rest 3 regions showed decreased alkaloid content in the bulb after flower removal compared with that of flower un-removal treatment. The alkaloid content in the leaf was higher than that in the bulb of F. thunbergii at all growth stages and from different origins. ConclusionFlower removal can increase the yield of F. thunbergii. The alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii with flower removed was higher than that with flower un-removed at the budding stage, while this trend was reversed at the harvest stage. Both the yield and the alkaloid content of F. thunbergii from Pan'an in Zhejiang were increased by flower removal. The above-ground part of F. thunbergii has a potential development value.

16.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 303-308, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970696

ABSTRACT

Objective Total knee arthroplasty is one of the most common orthopedic surgeries. Readmission due to severe complications after total knee arthroplasty is a grave concern to surgeons. In this study, we evaluated the risk factors for severe complications after primary total knee arthroplasty. Methods We retrospectively collected clinical data of 2,974 patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty from July 2013 to June 2019 in our hospital. Postoperative complication ≥ grade Ⅲ was defined as severe complication according to Clavien-Dindo classification system. Binary logistic regression was used to identify the predictive risk factors for severe complications. Results The complication rate after primary total knee arthroplasty was 6.8% and severe complication rate was 2.5%. Male (OR = 2.178, 95%CI: 1.324-3.585, P= 0.002), individuals above 75 years old (OR = 1.936, 95%CI: 1.155-3.244, P= 0.012), arrhythmia (OR = 2.913, 95%CI: 1.350-6.285, P= 0.006) and cerebrovascular disease (OR = 2.804, 95%CI: 1.432-5.489, P= 0.003) were predictive risk factors for severe complications after primary total knee arthroplasty. Conclusion Advanced age, male, arrhythmia, and cerebrovascular disease might be patients-related risk factors for postoperative severe complications after primary total knee arthroplasty. Special attention should be paid to patients with risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects
17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1069-1077, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968524

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) commonly have a favorite person (FP), whom they are heavily emotionally attached to and dependent on. This study aims to identify and illustrate the patterns of destructive FP relationships based on actual experiences described by those with BPD. @*Methods@#A data mining process was conducted using raw data collected from online communities, such as blogs and social networks. An in-depth review of the information to better understand the natural course of the FP relationship was also conducted. @*Results@#Individuals with BPD form an intense and insecure attachment toward their FP, from which they enormously suffer. FPs can be their friends, romantic or life partners, or family members. As their feelings go beyond their control, being increasingly obsessed with their FP, they make their FP gradually lose hope in continuing the relationship and want to quit trying to fulfill their needs. The relationship finally ends when the FP stops being responsible for meeting their expectations and eventually drifts away. @*Conclusion@#This study suggests that certain FPs, distinctively named Teddy Bear Person, may behave in a particular manner to increase the likelihood of the FP relationship becoming more destructive. Moreover, the rejection sensitivity model should be discussed to understand their dysfunctional interaction.

18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 721-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between wrist-ankle acupuncture and conventional acupuncture on shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) phaseⅠafter stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients with SHS phaseⅠafter stroke were randomized into a wrist-ankle acupuncture group and a conventional acupuncture group, 32 cases in each group. On the basis treatment of internal medicine and conventional rehabilitation, wrist-ankle acupuncture was applied at upper 4 area, upper 5 area and upper 6 area on the affected side in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, while acupuncture was applied at Jianyu (LI 15), Quchi (LI 11), Shousanli (LI 10), etc. on the affected side in the conventional acupuncture group. The treatment was given 30 min each time, once a day, 5 days a week for 3 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, degree of hand swelling, shoulder-hand syndrome scale (SHSS) score, Fugl-Meyer assessment for upper extremity (FMA-UE) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were observed, and the clinical therapeutic effect was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the VAS scores, degree of hand swelling and SHSS scores were decreased (P<0.05), and the FMA-UE scores and MBI scores were increased (P<0.05) compared before treatment in both groups; in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, the VAS score, degree of hand swelling and SHSS score were lower (P<0.05), and the FMA-UE score and MBI score were higher (P<0.05) than those in the conventional acupuncture group. The total effective rate was 96.9% (31/32) in the wrist-ankle acupuncture group, which was superior to 90.6% (29/32) in the conventional acupuncture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wrist-ankle acupuncture can effectively relieve pain and hand swelling, improve motor function of upper extremity and self-care ability of daily life in patients with shoulder-hand syndrome phaseⅠafter stroke, the therapeutic effect is superior to conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ankle , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Upper Extremity , Wrist
19.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 362-370, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926924

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined the path model predicting suicide attempts (SA) by interpersonal need for suicide desire, acquired capability for suicide, the emotion dysregulation, and depression symptoms in people admitted to hospitals for medical treatment. @*Methods@#A total of 344 participants (200 depressed patients with attempted suicide, 144 depressed patients with suicidal ideation) were enrolled for this study. Depression, anxiety, emotion regulation, interpersonal needs, and acquired capability for suicide were evaluated. A model with pathways from emotion regulation difficulties and interpersonal needs to SA was proposed. Participants were divided into two groups according to the presence of SA or suicidal ideation. @*Results@#Acquired capability for suicide mediated the path from depression to SA. In the path model, difficulties in emotion regulation and interpersonal needs predicted depression significantly. Although depression itself was not significantly related to acquired capability for suicide, depression was significantly related to acquired capability for suicide in suicide attempter group. @*Conclusion@#Interventions with two factors affecting SA will clarify the suicide risk and contribute to finding risk factors.

20.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 292-299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924852

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) showed inconsistencies in their cortisol level, an index of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function. This study examined the relationship between dissociation, childhood trauma, and morning cortisol levels in PTSD patients. @*Methods@#This study included 69 (23 males and 46 females) patients and 82 (22 males and 60 females) healthy controls (HCs). Clinical assessments, including the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Peri-traumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire scores, and morning cortisol levels were evaluated. The morning cortisol levels were compared between PTSD with high dissociation and low dissociation (PTSD-LD) groups. The effect of CTQ subtype on morning cortisol levels was analyzed. @*Results@#The PTSD with high dissociation group showed significantly lower cortisol levels than that of the PTSD-LD and HC groups. A significant inverse correlation was found between cortisol levels and dissociation. A significant positive correlation was found between dissociation and physical abuse and sexual abuse scores. Morning cortisol levels showed a significant positive correlation with emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and physical neglect, respectively. There was no moderating or mediating effect of CTQ on the relationship between cortisol level and dissociation. @*Conclusion@#These findings suggest that dissociation is a significant factor related to hypocortisolism in PTSD patients.Additionally, basal morning cortisol levels and dissociation scores were closely associated with childhood trauma.

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