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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879139

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the active components and mechanism of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix against post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. The main components and targets of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix were obtained by literature mining methods, SwissTargetPrediction, BATMAN and ETCM database. PTSD-related genes were collected from DrugBank, TTD and CTD databases. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING, and the core targets of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix in the treatment of PTSD were selected according to the topological parameters. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to construct the compound-target network. DAVID database was used for GO enrichment analysis and KEGG enrichment analysis. The relationship network of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed through Cytoscape 3.7.2 to analyze and obtain the key targets and their corresponding components in the network, and their results were verified by molecular docking. The results showed that a total of 47 components(such as valeraldehyde, dihydrovalerin, valerate, chlorovaltrate K, 8-hydroxypinoresinol, 6-hydroxyluteolin, apigenin, farnesin, vanillin, luteolin, kaempferol, glycosmisic acid and pogostemon) of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix may act on 94 key targets such as CNR1, MAOA, NR3 C1, MAPK14, MAPK8, HTR2 C and DRD2. Totally 29 GO terms were obtained by GO functional enrichment analysis(P<0.05), and 20 signaling pathways were obtained from KEGG pathway enrichment, mainly involving neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, serotonergic synapse, calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, dopaminergic synapse, retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, neurotrophin signaling pathway, gap junction, cholinergic synapse, estrogen signaling pathway, glutamatergic synapse and long-term potentiation. Molecular docking analysis showed that hydrogen bonding, π-π interaction and hydrophobic effecting may be the main forms of interaction. This study used the network of compound-target-pathway and molecular docking technology to screen the effective components of Valerianae Jatamansi Rhizoma et Radix against PTSD, and explore its anti-PTSD mechanism, so as to provide scientific basis for exploring the anti-PTSD drugs from traditional Chinese medicine and clarifying its mechanism of action.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rhizome , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862724

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pollution levels of six indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in animal-derived foods in Hebei Province. Methods A total of 96 food samples (including beltfish, snakehead, egg, pork liver, pork and beef meat) were collected from Hebei Province in 2019. The contents of six indicator PCBs (PCB 28, PCB 52, PCB 101, PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB180) in different food samples were determined using isotope dilution-high resolution gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC-HRMS). Results The contents of indicative PCBs in fish samples ranged from 0.12 to 0.32 ngg-1 fresh weight, while the content of PCBs in other samples ranged from 0.11 to 1.10 ng g-1 fat. PCB 138 and PCB 153 were the main compounds detected in fish samples, while PCB 28 and PCB 52 were the main compounds detected in other samples. The average estimated daily dietary intake of PCBs for residents in Hebei Province was 0.14 ng kg-1·bw-1·d-1, and the highest contribution rate was beltfish (61.52%). Conclusion The pollution levels of indicator PCBs in animal-derived foods in Hebei Province are relatively low, and the residents has lower health risks through dietary intake of indicator PCBs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for premature proximal femur physeal closure (PPC) in children treated surgically for femoral neck fractures.Methods:Data of 106 children with an open triradiate cartilage who were treated surgically for a femoral neck fracture were retrospectively analyzed. Age, gender, laterality, mechanism of injury, the type of fracture, initial displacement, time to reduction, fixation method, whether the implant crossed the physeal plate, reduction method, reduction quality and development of femoral head avascular necrosis (AVN) were collected. PPC of the proximal femur was assessed through postoperative 6-12 months radiographs.Results:A total of 106 patients with an open triradiate cartilage were followed up, with an average duration of 20.4±13.3 months (range, 6-86 months). The overall rate of PPC following paediatric femoral neck fractures treated surgically was 36.8% (39/106). Among the 39 patients with PPC, 25 were males and 14 were females; the average age at the time of injury was 9.7±3.6 years (range, 3-15 years); 23 patients were involved in left hips and 16 were in right; the mechanisms of injury included motor vehicle accident in 5 fractures, falling injury in 21, sports-related injury in 12 and other causes in 1 fracture; two hips were Delbet type I, and 26 hips and 11 hips were Delbet type II and III, separately; type II and III of initial displacement were involved in 26 and 13 patients, separately; the mean duration from injury to surgery was 3.3±2.8 d (range, 1-14 d); 2 hips were treated with Kirschner wires, 35 hips with screw fixation, and the remaining 2 hips underwent screw and plate fixation; 2 hips had the hardware crossing the proximal femoral growth plate, and the remaining 37 hips didn’t; 15 hips were treated by closed reduction and internal fixation, and the other 24 hips underwent open reduction and internal fixation; anatomical reduction was achieved in 14 patients, acceptable reduction in 24 hips and unacceptable reduction in 1 hip; 24 hips developed AVN at the latest follow-up and the remaining 15 hips didn’t. Statistical analysis indicated that age ( t=3.875, P< 0.001), the severity of initial displacement ( Z=-2.118, P=0.034) and the rate of AVN ( χ2=42.280, P< 0.001) in patients with PPC were significantly higher than those in patients without; Logistic regression analysis confirmed age ( OR=1.288, P=0.011) and AVN ( OR=40.336, P< 0.001) as risk factors for PPC. ROC curve analysis indicated 10 years was the cut off age to significantly increase the rate of PPC. The rate of PPC in patients aged over 10 years (63.6%, 21/33) was significantly higher than that (24.7%, 18/73) in those aged less than 10 years ( χ2=14.848, P< 0.001). Conclusion:Age over 10 years and AVN are risk factors for PPC in children with femoral neck fractures treated surgically.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in delayed perihematomal edema (dPHE) after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH).Methods:Patients with sICH admitted to Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School within 24 h of onset from January 2018 to June 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. Serum MMP-9 levels and peripheral blood cell counts were detected, and NLR were calculated within 24 h of onset. dPHE was defined as an increase of 3 ml in absolute edema volume at 10-21 d after onset of sICH compared with that at 5-9 d. The demographic and baseline clinical and imaging data of the dPHE group and the non-dPHE group were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of dPHE. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive values of MMP-9 and NLR for dPHE. Results:A total of 195 patients with sICH (61.88±10.60 years old) were enrolled in the study. One hundred and forty-eight patients were males (75.9%). There were 53 patients (27.2%) in the dPHE group and 142 (72.8%) in the non-dPHE group. Univariate analysis showed that age, baseline hematoma volume, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, fasting blood glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, MMP-9, neutrophil count, NLR and the proportion of irregular hematoma in the dPHE group were significantly higher than those in the non-dPHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for confounding factors, higher MMP-9 (odds ratio [ OR] 4.291, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 2.041-6.590; P=0.007) and higher NLR ( OR 2.530, 95% CI 1.157-4.022; P=0.011) were all the independent predictors of dPHE. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of MMP-9 for predicting dPHE was 0.819 (95% CI 0.756-0.884; P<0.001), the optimal cut-off value was 164.0 μg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 86.79% and 66.90% respectively. The area under the curve of NLR for predicting dPHE was 0.788 (95% CI 0.719-0.856; P<0.001), the optimal cut-off value was 5.683, and the corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 77.36% and 71.13% respectively. Conclusions:sICH patients with higher baseline MMP-9 and NLR are more likely to develop dPHE. Early detection of MMP-9 and NLR in peripheral blood after admission can predict dPHE.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882011

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the epidemic status and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis(TB)from 2008 to 2017 in Songjiang District of Shanghai for the development of TB prevention and control strategies. Methods According to case registration data in the TB management information system, statistical analysis was performed on the epidemic situation, epidemiological characteristics and treatment outcomes of TB cases in Songjiang District from 2008 to 2017. Results There were 5 516 reported cases in 2008-2017 in Songjiang District. The average annual reported incidence was 33.58/100 000, which was declining(χ2 = 6.13, P < 0.05). The incidence was significantly higher in the floating population than that in the household registered population(χ2 = 263.28, P < 0.05). In the cases, gender ratio was 2.17 : 1. More than 70% of the cases were between 15 and 44 years old. The majority of the cases were workers(34.95%), followed by housework or unemployed(16.28%). The proportion of TB case responding to the treatment was 93.38%, which was 93.41% for newly diagnosed cases and 92.86% for previously treated cases. The failure rate in the previously treated smear-positive cases was significantly higher than newly treated smear-positive cases(χ2 = 4.96, P < 0.05). Conclusion TB epidemic in Songjiang District remained at a low level in 2008-2017;however, it is far away from the termination of TB. We should further strengthen the prevention and control of TB, especially in the 15-44 years old workers and unemployed young population.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1677-1682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881543

ABSTRACT

Research on polymer impurities has always been important in the quality control of cephalosporins. Research on polymers in cephalosporins that lack active amino groups on the C-7 side chain has not been reported. Therefore, our study used cefazolin sodium, which is widely used in the clinic, as an example. The polymer in cefazolin sodium and its product "cefazolin sodium pentahydrate for injection" was analyzed by column switching liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. Two polymer impurity peaks were detected and the possible structures of these polymers were suggested. Through two-dimensional liquid chromatography, the chromatographic peaks following Sephadex gel chromatography and high-performance gel chromatography were compared to those obtained by reverse high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for cefazolin sodium as reported in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The HPLC method proves more suitable for polymer detection than Sephadex gel chromatography and high-performance gel chromatography. The method of polymer detection for cefazolin sodium was established using the method of related substances HPLC as described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878856

ABSTRACT

Based on the results of the fourth national survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan city, Xinjiang, this study counted the types of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin. The spatial distribution differences of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin of Xinjiang were analyzed by using grid technology, trend surface analysis, global spatial autocorrelation analysis, and local spatial autocorrelation analysis, so as to clarify the overall change trend and aggregation degree of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin in horizontal and vertical directions. The results showed the following: in the horizontal direction, the species richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in the central part of Turpan Basin was high, and there were great differences in the species richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin under different grid sizes. The spatial scale effect of the richness of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Turpan Basin is obvious. Among them, under the 30 km×30 km scale, the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources shows a high spatial correlation, and the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources at 5 km×5 km scale presents a near random distribution state, and the richness of the types of Chinese medicine resources at 80, 90, and 100 km scale sits negatively related. Vertical direction, Chinese medicine resources appear rich at the range of-154-150 m and 900-1 050 m following by range of 1 050-1 200 m.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Spatial Analysis , Technology
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1241-1244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877592

ABSTRACT

Through sorting out the development of meridian points and the standardization of extraordinary points in dynasties, two objectives are discovered in the standardization of extraordinary points starting from the Tang Dynasty. The points with extraordinary effect are selected points and transferred to meridian points and the commonly-used key points are selected and developed to be standardized acupoints. Hence, 3 approaches are summarized. Approach No.1: a large number of "meridian-outside" points that are the potential supplementation but not included yet in meridian points are supplemented to meridian points. Approach No.2: based on the specified requirement, the key points are selected from the acupoints with determined locations and names, which is developed to be the standard of acupoints. Approach No.3: the acupoints with extraordinary effect are selected from the "meridian-outside" points and these points are collected for the formulation of the standard of extraordinary points. The latter two approaches provide for the development direction of teaching and standardization in the future.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Meridians , Reference Standards
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of Blimp1, ATF4 and CHOP in bone marrow mononuclear cells from patients with multiple myeloma as well as the effect of aspirin on their expression.@*METHODS@#Sixty untreated patients with multiple myeloma and 30 patients with relatively normal bone marrow were selected. Mononuclear cells from the bone marrow fluid were separated using Ficoll separation solution. CD138 plasma cells were sorted by immunomagnetic beads method. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression levels of Blimp1, ATF4 and CHOP mRNA in U266 cells cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into blank control group, negative control group (no-loaded virus transfection) and positive experimental group [LV-Blimp1-RNAi (40051-2) transfection] by lentivirus transfection. RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of Blimp1, ATF4 and CHOP mRNA in cells of different groups. U266 cells were stimulated in vitro with different concentrations of aspirin solution (0, 0.5 mmol/L, 2.5 mmol/L, 5.0 mmol/L) for 24, 48 h and 72 h, respectively. The ability of cell proliferation in different groups was measured by CCK-8. U266 cells were stimulated with different concentrations of aspirin for 48 hours. And the mRNA expression of Blimp1, ATF4 and CHOP was detected by RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with plasma cells in normal group, the expression of Blimp1 mRNA in CD138 plasma cells of MM patients significantly increased (8.040±1.878), and the mRNA expression levels of ATF4 and CHOP significantly decreased (0.735±0.089; 0.837±0.062) (P<0.05). U266 cells were cultured in vitro. Compared with the blank control group and the negative control group, the mRNA expression level of Blimp in the positive experimental group was significantly down-regulated after infection with LV-Blimp1-RNAi (40051-2) lentiviral expression vector (0.637±0.021). ATF4 and CHOP mRNA expression levels were significantly increased (1.452 ± 0.027; 1.721 ± 0.038) (P<0.05). The proliferation of U266 cells decreased after stimulation with aspirin. In the range of (0.5-5) mmol/L, aspirin could significantly inhibit the proliferation of U266 cells. The inhibition effect of aspirin was increased along with prolongation of time and increase of concentrations. After aspirin stimulation of different concentrations for 48 hours, the expression level of Blimp1 in U266 cells decreased with increasing of drug concentration, while the expression levels of ATF4 and CHOP increased with increasing of drug concentration.@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of Blimp1 expression in multiple myeloma cells can promote the expression of ATF4 and CHOP. Aspirin can inhibit the proliferation activity of myeloma cells by down-regulating Blimp1 expression in myeloma cells and up-regulating ATF4 and CHOP expression, therefore plays an anti-tumor rote.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811630

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause were linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. Some studies found that the virus was a new kind of virus which had never been found in the human body. Then, the virus was named 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by the World Health Organization (WHO). 2019-nCoV nucleic acid detection is one of the essential indicators of NCP (Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia). Recently, some false-negative cases in China-Japan Friendship Hospital and Hangzhou Hospital led the clinical doctors to question the value of the nucleic acid detection. In this paper, more than 3 000 results of 2019-nCoV detection in Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University were analyzed. Attention should be paid to the root cause of false-negative results and the related countermeasures should be taken.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811547

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia, which has emerged in Wuhan since the end of 2019, has posed a huge challenge for medical institutions in the city. Rapid completion of a number of cabin hospitals plays a vital role in preventing further spreading of the epidemic, by means of collecting and treating mild patients of the disease. This paper presents the key process of Tongji Hospital in its rapid informatization since it took over a cabin hospital. Based on the network architecture of the Tongji cloud platform, the shared service center is used to share data and integrate services between the cabin hospital and Tongji hospital. This practice can prevent cross-infection and improve service efficiency as well, hence offering a reference for future information infrastructure development of cabin hospitals.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811542

ABSTRACT

December of 2019 witnessed the outbreak of new coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan city and a few localities. As a designated hospital, Tongji Hospital is designated as a hospital for the diagnosis and treatment of numerous patients of such a disease. Based on the medical cloud platform, the hospital has initiated a regional remote diagnosis center; based on its IT system, the hospital to operate its epidemic prevention and management mechanism, set up the self-service system for patients at the fever clinic, launched its online diagnosis and treatment services, and established a hospital epidemic supervision platform. By strengthening the informational support needed for epidemic prevention and control, the hospital has enhanced its efficiency of epidemic prevention and control, reducing the risk of cross-infection, and ensuring data security. Its experiences offer references for informationization support for other regions and hospitals in China.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2442-2448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829382

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for the determination of polymer impurities in cefixime raw materials and preparations, a cefixime degradation solution containing polymer impurities was prepared by forced polymerization. Polymer impurities in the degradation solution were separated and identified by high performance gel chromatography and the column switching-LC-MSn method. A new RP-HPLC method for cefixime polymer was established and validated with a Phenomenex Gemini-C18 column using a mobile phase gradient elution of 0.5% formic acid-water solution and 0.5% formic acid-acetonitrile solution. The results showed that when using this high performance gel chromatography method some small molecular weight impurities were co-eluted with the polymers, resulting in a poor specificity and poor quantitative accuracy. But when using the RP-HPLC method, three polymer impurities were detected with good specificity, sensitivity and robustness, including two cefixime dimers, and dehydrate dimer. Therefore, the described RP-HPLC method is suitable for the quality control of polymer impurities in cefixime, and cefixime degradation solution can be used as suitable solution for analysis of cefixime polymers.

14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 227-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827065

ABSTRACT

Adrenergic receptor (AR), one of the key receptors for nervous system, plays an important role in the immune microenvironment and the progression of many diseases. In recent years, the regulation of ARs and its signal on macrophages has become a research hotspot. Researchers found that ARs could exert different regulatory functions on macrophages in different microenvironments, which in turn affects occurrence and development of diseases such as tumor, heart failure, obesity, acute injury, infection and pregnancy-related diseases. This review summarizes the expression and functional regulation of ARs on macrophages, and the role of ARs in microenvironment of related diseases, which might provide new ideas for the treatments.


Subject(s)
Disease , Humans , Macrophages , Physiology , Receptors, Adrenergic , Physiology , Signal Transduction
15.
Clinics ; 75: e1489, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Histopathology is the 'gold standard' for diagnosing renal cell carcinoma but is limited by sample size. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound can differentiate malignant and benign lesions, but the Chinese guidelines on the management of renal cell carcinoma do not include this method. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound against those of contrast-enhanced computed tomography for detecting kidney lesions, with histopathology considered the reference standard. METHODS: Patients with suspected kidney lesions from prior grayscale ultrasonography and computed tomography were included in the analysis (n=191). The contrast-enhanced ultrasound, contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and histopathology data were collected and analyzed. A solid, enhanced mass was considered a malignant lesion, and an unenhanced mass or cyst was considered a benign lesion. The Bosniak criteria were used to characterize the lesions. RESULTS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography both detected that 151 patients had malignant tumors and 40 patients had benign tumors. No significant differences in the tumors and their subtypes were reported between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and histopathology (p=0.804). Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma was detected through contrast-enhanced computed tomography (n=1), but no such finding was reported by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. A total of 35 cases of papillary renal cell carcinoma were reported through contrast-enhanced ultrasound while 32 were reported through histopathology. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound might be safe and as accurate as histopathology in diagnosing kidney lesions, especially renal cell carcinoma. Additionally, this study provides additional information over histopathology and has an excellent safety profile. Level of evidence: III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Contrast Media/pharmacology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872643

ABSTRACT

Objective:A new prescription containing Portulacae Herba was created and the molecular mechanism of the new prescription for treating diabetes was clarified based on big data of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:Taking Portulacae Herba as the key word, the TCM Inheritance Support System and Encyclopedia of TCM (ETCM) were used to excavate the most frequently used medicines combined with Portulacae Herba, and form a new prescription. Based on the basic theory of TCM, this paper analyzed the rationality of the new prescription in treating diabetes, and used the Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of TCM (TCMIP) to predict the target of the new prescription, and constructed the interaction network between drugs and targets of diabetes-related diseases, the key targets of drug intervention were enriched and analyzed, and the network graph of TCM-chemical composition-key target-pathway was drawn. Result:There were 89 prescriptions containing Portulacae Herba in ETCM. The most frequently used medicines in combination with Portulacae Herba were Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Rehmanniae Radix and Saposhnikoviae Radix, the four medicines were combined into a new prescription. According to the new prescription to treat diabetes, 89 key core target information was obtained, among which there were 10 targets of drug and disease, including phosphoinositide-3 kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1), insulin (INS), glucokinase (GCK), etc. The new prescription treated diabetes by regulating growth hormone receptor signaling, protein kinase A (PKA) activation, adrenoceptors and other pathways. Conclusion:The therapeutic effect of new prescription containing Portulacae Herba created by big data analysis of TCM on diabetes reflects multi-component, multi-target, multi-pathway characteristics of TCM, which can provide scientific basis for explaining the mechanism and material basis of this new prescription in the treatment of diabetes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872272

ABSTRACT

As a designated hospital, Tongji Hospital shoulders the task of diagnosis and treatment of numerous patients of the disease. Based on the medical cloud platform, the hospital has initiated a regional remote diagnosis center; leveraging its IT system, the hospital initiates its epidemic prevention and management mechanism, sets up a self-service system for patients at the fever clinic, launches its online diagnosis and treatment services, and establishes a hospital epidemic supervision platform. By strengthening the informational support needed for epidemic prevention and control, the hospital has enhanced its efficiency of epidemic prevention and control, reducing the risk of cross-infection, and ensuring data security. Its experiences offer references for informationization support for other regions and hospitals in China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872271

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has posed a huge challenge for medical institutions in the city. Rapid completion and operation of a number of cabin hospitals has played a vital role in preventing further spreading of the epidemic, by means of collecting and treating mild patients of the disease. This paper presented the key process of Tongji Hospital in its rapid informationization since it took over a cabin hospital. Based on the network architecture of the Tongji cloud platform, the shared service center is used to share data and integrate services between the cabin hospital and Tongji Hospital. This practice can prevent cross-infection and improve service efficiency as well, hence offering a reference for future information infrastructure development of cabin hospitals.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871898

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause were linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. Some studies found that the virus was a new kind of virus which had never been found in the human body. Then, the virus was named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by the World Health Organization (WHO). 2019-nCoV nucleic acid detection is one of the essential indicators of COVID-19. Recently, some false-negative cases in China-Japan Friendship Hospital and Hangzhou Hospital led the clinical doctors to question the value of the nucleic acid detection. In this paper, more than 3 000 results of 2019-nCoV detection in Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University were analyzed. Attention should be paid to the root cause of false-negative results and the related countermeasures should be taken.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871723

ABSTRACT

At present, intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents is the main method for the treatment of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO), which can significantly inhibit neovascularization, release macular edema and improve the vision of patients. However, VEGF is a survival factor of vascular endothelial cells, whether it can lead to the progress of retinal ischemia and it has an effect on retinal capillaries deserves our clinical attention. Most scholars currently think that the anti-VEGF agents will not aggravate the occlusion of retinal capillaries in the treatment of macular edema secondary to RVO from the aspects of the changes of perifoveal capillary arcade, the quantification of foveal avascular zone area, retinal nonperfusion area and retinal vascular density of the superficial and deep capillary plexus In addition, the changes of these indicators may be related to the number of times patients need treatment, visual prognosis and so on. In the future, with the gradual popularization of OCT angiography and the prolongation of the number and time of anti VEGF drug treatment, we look forward to the study of larger samples and longer follow-up time to further analyze the influence of the retinal capillary after anti-VEGF therapy in patients with macular edema associated with RVO.

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