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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 960-965, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the survival time of reported HIV/AIDS and influencing factors of Yunnan Province from 1989 to 2021. Methods: The data were extracted from the Chinese HIV/AIDS comprehensive response information management system. The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The life table method was applied to calculate the survival probability. Kaplan-Meier was used to draw survival curves in different situations. Furthermore, the Cox proportion hazard regression model was constructed to identify the factors related to survival time. Results: Of the 174 510 HIV/AIDS, the all-cause mortality density was 4.23 per 100 person-years, the median survival time was 20.00 (95%CI:19.52-20.48) years, and the cumulative survival rates in 1, 10, 20, and 30 years were 90.75%, 67.50%, 47.93% and 30.85%. Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression model results showed that the risk of death among 0-14 and 15-49 years old groups were 0.44 (95%CI: 0.34-0.56) times and 0.51 (95%CI:0.50-0.52) times of ≥50 years old groups. The risk for death among the first CD4+T lymphocytes counts (CD4) counts levels of 200-349 cells/μl, 350-500 cells/μl and ≥501 cells/μl groups were 0.52 (95%CI: 0.50-0.53) times, 0.41 (95%CI: 0.40-0.42) times and 0.35 (95%CI: 0.34-0.36) times of 0-199 cells/μl groups. The risk of death among the cases that have not received antiretroviral therapy (ART) was 11.56 (95%CI: 11.26-11.87) times. The risk for death among the cases losing to ART, stopping to ART, both losing and stopping ART was 1.66 (95%CI:1.61-1.72) times, 2.49 (95%CI:2.39-2.60) times, and 1.65 (95%CI:1.53-1.78) times of the cases on ART. Conclusions: The influencing factors for the survival time of HIV/AIDS cases were age at diagnosis in Yunnan province from 1989 to 2021. The first CD4 counts levels, antiretroviral therapy, and ART compliance. Early diagnosis, early antiretroviral therapy, and increasing ART compliance could extend the survival time of HIV/AIDS cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Asian People
2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 665-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876204

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze a food borne disease event caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) which happened in a company in Shanghai, and to explore the significance of laboratory testing technology in event traceability analysis, then making suggestions on key directions for food-borne disease prevention. Methods On the basis of epidemiological and hygienic investigation, the virulence genes and molecular typing techniques were used for the VP strains detected in the incident. Results A total of 65 patients were consistent with the case definition.The restaurant had no food business license, and its employees had no health certificate.VP was detected in anal swabs of 5 patients and 2 employees, and the PFGE map showed the same. Conclusion The event is suspiciously caused by food contamination from restaurant employees during food processing, assembly or transportation.It is suggested that the management should be improved of all aspects of the restaurant after cooking, and restaurants providing takeaway should be strengthened.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 513-517, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of external phrenic nerve electrical stimulation on respiratory function for convalescent stroke patients. Methods:From October, 2017 to July, 2018, 27 convalescent stroke patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 14) and observation group (n = 13). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, while the observation group accepted external phrenic nerve electrical stimulation additionaly. Their ventilation and respiratory muscle strength were measured before and four weeks after treatment. Results:The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) improved in both groups after treatment (t > 5.075, Z = -3.366, P < 0.001), and improved more in FVC, FEV1, PEF and MIP in the observation group than in the control group (t > 0.921, Z = -2.746, P < 0.05). Conclusion:External phrenic nerve electrical stimulation can improve ventilation and inspiratory muscle strength for convalescent stroke patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 513-517, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of external phrenic nerve electrical stimulation on respiratory function for convalescent stroke patients. Methods:From October, 2017 to July, 2018, 27 convalescent stroke patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 14) and observation group (n = 13). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, while the observation group accepted external phrenic nerve electrical stimulation additionaly. Their ventilation and respiratory muscle strength were measured before and four weeks after treatment. Results:The forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) improved in both groups after treatment (t > 5.075, Z = -3.366, P < 0.001), and improved more in FVC, FEV1, PEF and MIP in the observation group than in the control group (t > 0.921, Z = -2.746, P < 0.05). Conclusion:External phrenic nerve electrical stimulation can improve ventilation and inspiratory muscle strength for convalescent stroke patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 483-486, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736518

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the related risk behaviors,knowledge and status of HIV/ AIDS infection among rural adults of Derung minority,to provide relevant messages for the development of HIV/AIDS intervention strategy in this minority group.Methods We used system sampling method to conduct a cross-sectional survey in 6 administration villages of Derung Township,Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province,with a sample size estimated as 383.Adult residents with Derung minority in six villages of Gongshan County were involved,with relevant information collected through door-to-door visit.HIV antibody was tested and SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results Information on 394 valid respondents was collected,with age as between 18 and 65 (34.39 ± 9.74),80.7% (318/394) as married,54.0% (213/394) having had primary school education,13.2% (52/394) as migrant workers.In this population,the overall HIV infection rote appeared as 0.5% (2/400),mainly through sexually transmission.The rate of awareness on HIV/AIDS was 69.8% (275/394),mainly through free publicized materials 50.0% (197/394).Rates on premarital sexual behavior on multiple sexual partners in the past year,on temporary sexual partners in the past year,having commercial sexual experiences in the past year and ever used condoms when engaging in casual sex,were 6.4% (60/366),18.0%(66/366),5.7%(21/366),1.9%(7/366) and 8.0%(25/311),respectively.Conclusions Few numbers of HIV infections were identified among the migrating workers with Derung minority,with sexual transmission as the major route,along with the increased number of rural migrant workers and the low rates both on AIDS knowledge and condom use,accompanied by the high risk sexual behavior appeared in this rural adult residents of Derung minority.Relative strategies on HIV/AIDS intervention and control should be developed.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 483-486, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737986

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the related risk behaviors,knowledge and status of HIV/ AIDS infection among rural adults of Derung minority,to provide relevant messages for the development of HIV/AIDS intervention strategy in this minority group.Methods We used system sampling method to conduct a cross-sectional survey in 6 administration villages of Derung Township,Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province,with a sample size estimated as 383.Adult residents with Derung minority in six villages of Gongshan County were involved,with relevant information collected through door-to-door visit.HIV antibody was tested and SPSS 17.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results Information on 394 valid respondents was collected,with age as between 18 and 65 (34.39 ± 9.74),80.7% (318/394) as married,54.0% (213/394) having had primary school education,13.2% (52/394) as migrant workers.In this population,the overall HIV infection rote appeared as 0.5% (2/400),mainly through sexually transmission.The rate of awareness on HIV/AIDS was 69.8% (275/394),mainly through free publicized materials 50.0% (197/394).Rates on premarital sexual behavior on multiple sexual partners in the past year,on temporary sexual partners in the past year,having commercial sexual experiences in the past year and ever used condoms when engaging in casual sex,were 6.4% (60/366),18.0%(66/366),5.7%(21/366),1.9%(7/366) and 8.0%(25/311),respectively.Conclusions Few numbers of HIV infections were identified among the migrating workers with Derung minority,with sexual transmission as the major route,along with the increased number of rural migrant workers and the low rates both on AIDS knowledge and condom use,accompanied by the high risk sexual behavior appeared in this rural adult residents of Derung minority.Relative strategies on HIV/AIDS intervention and control should be developed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1068-1072, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737776

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases and related high risk behaviors in the areas with high HIIV infection prevalence in Yunnan province.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted with census method during January to March 2016 among newly detected HIV infected persons in Dehong,Honghe,Lincang and Dali prefectures in Yunnan during 2012-2015.Results Among 451 HIV seropositive cases,the major transmission route of HIV was heterosexual contact,accounting for 92.5% (417/451).The total awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge was 73.0% (329/451).The rates of condom use at sex with regular sexual partners,occasional sexual partners,commercial sexual partners and men who have sex with men within 1 year before knowing their infection status were 48.7% (167/343),4.2% (7/165),9.9% (15/151) and 0.0% (0/3),respectively.The risk factors for using no condom at sex with regular sexual parmers included living at Dali,being farmer,unmarried,cohabitation,divorced and widowed,monthly income under 1 000 yuan (RMB),living in urban area before infection,knowing no AIDS related knowledge etc.The risk factors for using no condom at sex with occasional sexual partners included living in Dehong,Honghe and Lincang,aged ≤30 years and being farmer.The injecting drug users accounted for 8.2% (37/450) and 75.5% of these cases had received AIDS related intervention (340/450).Conclusion High prevalence of heterosexual transmission of HIV,poor AIDS related knowledge on awareness,high risk behavior and poor condom use and poor intervention service utilization were found among newly detected HIV infected persons in areas with high HIV infection prevalence in Yunnan.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 916-920, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737747

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand HIV incidence in community residents and epidemiological characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases in Dali,Yunnan province.Methods A cohort study was conducted among 146720 community residents who were tested to be HIV negative during 2010-2011,they were followed-up from June 1,2014 to May 31,2015.Results A total of 136356 community residents received follow up (92.9%).The follow-up time was 0.23-5.40 years (medium:3.43 years),cumulatively 459675 person years,and 78 people were found to be HIV positive.The incidence rate of HIV infection was 0.170/1000 person years.The incidence rate was 0.037/1000 person years in age group 15-29 years,0.288/1000 person years in age group 30-44 years,0.210/1000 person years in age group 45-59 years,0.204/1000 person years in age ≥60 years;0.213/1 000 person years in males,0.130/1000 person years in females;0.248/1000 person years inHan ethnic group,0.149/1000 person years in Minorities;0.194/1000 in people with education level ≤junior middle school,0.046/1000 person years in people with education level > junior middle school;0.070/1000 person years in the unmarried,0.194/1000 person years in the married and 0.425/1000person years in the divorced/widowed.Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that being male (HR=l.731),aged 30-44 years (HR=13.158),aged 45-59 years (HR=10.329),aged ≥60years (HR=8.291),unmarried (HR=3.162) and divorced/widowed (HR=2.689) were the risk factors for HIV infection,while the education level > junior middle school (HR=0.132) was the protective factor for HIV infection.Conclusions By medium 3.43 years follow up,the cohort study showed that incidence rate HIV infection was 0.170/1000 person years in the community residents in Dali.Male,middle aged and old people,people with low education level,the unmarried and the divorced/widowed had relatively higher risk to be infected with HIV,Close attention should be paid to the prevention and control of AIDS in these populations.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1068-1072, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736308

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases and related high risk behaviors in the areas with high HIIV infection prevalence in Yunnan province.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted with census method during January to March 2016 among newly detected HIV infected persons in Dehong,Honghe,Lincang and Dali prefectures in Yunnan during 2012-2015.Results Among 451 HIV seropositive cases,the major transmission route of HIV was heterosexual contact,accounting for 92.5% (417/451).The total awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge was 73.0% (329/451).The rates of condom use at sex with regular sexual partners,occasional sexual partners,commercial sexual partners and men who have sex with men within 1 year before knowing their infection status were 48.7% (167/343),4.2% (7/165),9.9% (15/151) and 0.0% (0/3),respectively.The risk factors for using no condom at sex with regular sexual parmers included living at Dali,being farmer,unmarried,cohabitation,divorced and widowed,monthly income under 1 000 yuan (RMB),living in urban area before infection,knowing no AIDS related knowledge etc.The risk factors for using no condom at sex with occasional sexual partners included living in Dehong,Honghe and Lincang,aged ≤30 years and being farmer.The injecting drug users accounted for 8.2% (37/450) and 75.5% of these cases had received AIDS related intervention (340/450).Conclusion High prevalence of heterosexual transmission of HIV,poor AIDS related knowledge on awareness,high risk behavior and poor condom use and poor intervention service utilization were found among newly detected HIV infected persons in areas with high HIV infection prevalence in Yunnan.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 916-920, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736279

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand HIV incidence in community residents and epidemiological characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases in Dali,Yunnan province.Methods A cohort study was conducted among 146720 community residents who were tested to be HIV negative during 2010-2011,they were followed-up from June 1,2014 to May 31,2015.Results A total of 136356 community residents received follow up (92.9%).The follow-up time was 0.23-5.40 years (medium:3.43 years),cumulatively 459675 person years,and 78 people were found to be HIV positive.The incidence rate of HIV infection was 0.170/1000 person years.The incidence rate was 0.037/1000 person years in age group 15-29 years,0.288/1000 person years in age group 30-44 years,0.210/1000 person years in age group 45-59 years,0.204/1000 person years in age ≥60 years;0.213/1 000 person years in males,0.130/1000 person years in females;0.248/1000 person years inHan ethnic group,0.149/1000 person years in Minorities;0.194/1000 in people with education level ≤junior middle school,0.046/1000 person years in people with education level > junior middle school;0.070/1000 person years in the unmarried,0.194/1000 person years in the married and 0.425/1000person years in the divorced/widowed.Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that being male (HR=l.731),aged 30-44 years (HR=13.158),aged 45-59 years (HR=10.329),aged ≥60years (HR=8.291),unmarried (HR=3.162) and divorced/widowed (HR=2.689) were the risk factors for HIV infection,while the education level > junior middle school (HR=0.132) was the protective factor for HIV infection.Conclusions By medium 3.43 years follow up,the cohort study showed that incidence rate HIV infection was 0.170/1000 person years in the community residents in Dali.Male,middle aged and old people,people with low education level,the unmarried and the divorced/widowed had relatively higher risk to be infected with HIV,Close attention should be paid to the prevention and control of AIDS in these populations.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 371-374, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the prevalence of high risk behaviors and influencing factors among HIV infected persons aged ≥50 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Face to face questionnaire interview was conducted among the HIV infected persons selected in Jianshui, Gejiu and Mengzi counties in Yunnan province through random sampling in June 2015. The sample size was 450.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the HIV infected persons surveyed, 41.2% (122/296) had sexual behaviors with their spouses during past year, and the consistent condom use rate was 66.4% (81/122). Among the HIV infected males, 8.9% (28/313) had commercial sexual behaviors during past year, and the consistent condom use rate was 17.9% (5/28). Among the HIV infected females, 0.7% were still engaged in commercial sex service during past year. Among the 450 HIV infected persons, 32 (7.1%) reported having casual sex behaviors during past years, and the consistent condom use rate was 18.7% (6/32). The rate of commercial sexual behavior in urban residents (13.4%, 19/115) was higher than that in rural residents (4.5%, 9/198), the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=11.715, P=0.001). The risk factors for commercial sex behaviors included lack of family and social support, aged 50-59 years, living in urban area, higher income and being male. The risk factors for using no condom included living in rural area, lower education level, lack of family and social support and higher income.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Risk sex behaviors are still prevalent in HIV infected people aged >50 years, which exacerbated HIV transmission. Further efforts should be focused on the education about AIDS prevention and control and promoting protected sexual behaviors. Additional effort should be done to improve the family and social support for HIV infected people aged >50 years. Moreover, comprehensive intervention for low-paid female sex workers also needs to be strengthened.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Condoms , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking , Sex Work , Psychology , Sexual Behavior , Psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 153-157, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335181

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the change trend of the awareness rate of HIV/AIDS related knowledge, risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Yunnan and the factors influencing their condom use, and evaluate the effect of comprehensive intervention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data about the MSM's demographic information, HIV/AIDS related knowledge awareness, and sex behavior, condom use, drug use and intervention receiving were obtained from AIDS sentinel surveillance among MSM in Yunnan province during 2010-2013 to conduct change trend and influencing factor analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 9 073 MSM were surveyed. The awareness rate of the HIV/AIDS related knowledge, homosexual behavior and condom use rate increased year by year (P < 0.01). The condom use rate was lower in heterosexual behavior, and the drug use rate and sexually transmitted disease prevalence declined with year (P < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that cohabiting, low awareness of HIV/AIDS related knowledge, being from other provinces, local residence for <1 year, low education level, receiving no intervention, frequent anal sex and receiving no HIV/AIDS detection were the risk factors influencing persistent condom use among MSM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effect of HIV/AIDS comprehensive intervention was observed after 4 years implantation, but most of the index were at low level. More attention should be paid to the intervention among MSM with cohabiting habit, low education level, frequent anal sex, and heterosexual sex. It is necessary to expand intervention coverage, strengthen HIV test and promote condom use among MSM.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Data Collection , HIV Infections , Habits , Heterosexuality , Homosexuality, Male , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking , Safe Sex , Sentinel Surveillance , Sexual Behavior , Sexually Transmitted Diseases
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 585-588, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313938

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of CD96 on bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from 91 patients with acute leukemia, and the results were analyzed with clinical pathological data. Flow cytometry was used to detect CD96 molecule on the bone marrow mononuclear cell surface of 91 newly diagnosed patients with acute leukemia, and 15 healthy adults were served as normal controls. The results showed that the average rate of CD96(+) expression on BMMNC (CD45(+) CD34(+) CD19(+)) of 21 patients with B-ALL was (17.41 ± 27.97)%, the average rate of CD96(+) expression on stem cells (CD45(+)CD34(+)CD7(+)) of 11 patients with T-ALL was (46.98 ± 45.55)%, the average rate of CD96(+) expression on BMMNC (CD45(+)CD34(+)CD38(-)) of 59 patients with AML was (16.69 ± 25.08)%, while the average rate of CD96(+) on BMMNC of healthy adult controls was (0.52 ± 1.84)%, there was significant difference in average rate of CD96(+) expression between above-mentioned patients and healthy adult controls (p < 0.05). Otherwise the average rate of CD96(+) on BMMNC after treatment showed no statistical difference between patient group with CR (1.68 ± 2.31) and healthy controls, but demonstrated statistical difference between patients without CR and healthy controls (p > 0.05). The leukocyte count, hemoglobin level and platelet count in CD96(+) group had no obvious difference from CD96(-) ones (p > 0.05). No change found in the field of molecular biology and cytogenetic between these 2 groups. It is concluded that CD96 expression is different in different types of leukemia. The positive expression of CD96 on bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells in patients with acute leukemia may be associated with primary drug resistance, relapse and progression. The CD96 on BMMNC of acute leukemias can be a helpful prognostic indicator in treatment response assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Metabolism
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 844-847, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361055

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relation between the nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) expression and nitric oxide (NO) content in the skeletal muscles and the injury condition of soft tissue in the 3rd lumbar vertebrae syndrome model rats, and to observe the effect of acupotomology therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-eight adult SD rats were allocated to 4 groups randomly: normal group, model group, aminoguanidin group and acupotomology treatment group, 32 rats in each group. NOS expression, NO content and injury of the soft tissue in the 3rd lumbar vertebra were observed on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th day after the acupotomology treatment and aminoguanidine intervention.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) Inducible NOS (iNos) activity and NO content in model group was significantly higher (F = 522.860, P < 0.01), in acupotomology group and aminoguanidine group was significantly lower than the model group (FiNOS = 28.894, P < 0.01), and iNOS activity and NO content in all groups was in competence with the condition of soft tissue injuries. 2) Endothelium NOS (eNOS) expression raised in model group and acupotomology group, and achieve peak on the 7th day. There was significant difference between the eNOS expression in acupotomology group and the model group (FeNOS = 3.454, P < 0.05). 3) The expression of neuron NOS (nNOS) in the model group, aminoguanidine group and acupotomology group had no significant (FnNOS = 0.962, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupotomology treatment can restrain the development of high content NO, release the inflammatory reaction and injury condition, improve microcirculation, prevent the development of scar tissue of the injured soft tissue, and has significant recovering effectiveness in the soft tissue injured model rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic , Guanidines , Therapeutic Uses , Lumbar Vertebrae , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Syndrome , Time Factors
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 251-254, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314494

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a sensitive and effective method for detection of immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor (Ig/TCR) gene rearrangement,and to explore its role in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-eight lymphoid tissue samples from 54 patients with lymphoproliferations were evaluated by the novel BIOMED-2 multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor genes rearrangement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multiplex PCR demonstrated monoclonal Ig/TCR gene rearrangements in 22 of 25 (88.0%) B-cell malignancies and 8 of 15 (53.3%) T-cell malignancies. Among 17 benign lymphoproliferations confirmed histopathologically, polyclonal rearrangements were detected in 14 cases (82.4%). In total, the clonality analysis and the final clinico-histopathological diagnosis were concordant in 77.2%. Combination detection of Iglambda and TCR delta gene rearrangements did not increase the detection rate of monoclonal rearrangement of Ig/TCR, but might help to the detection of Iglambda+ or TCR delta+ lymphomas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel BIOMED-2 multiplex PCR strategy is a rapid, reliable and sensitive approach to detecting clonality in suspected lymphoproliferations, especially in atypical cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte, Light Chain , Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 619-622, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239971

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy and safety of amphotericin B for treatment of invasive fungal infections (IFI) in patients with hematologic diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>121 patients were given amphotericin B 5 -50 mg/d for 5 - 101 d with a median of 19 d.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical efficacy rate was 67.3%, and fungal elimination rate 66.7%. The adverse events included rigor and fever, hypokalaemia, hepatic damage, nephrotoxicity, nausea and vomiting, phlebitis and teeter.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Amphotericin B is still a high-efficiency drug in the treatment of IFI, although it has many side effects. With monitoring of hepatic and renal function, it is still a relatively safe and effective drug.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Amphotericin B , Therapeutic Uses , Antifungal Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Mycoses , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 497-500, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233559

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to investigate the role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the differentiation of human MDS cell lines SKM-1 induced by sodium butyrate (NaB), and to elucidate the molecular mechanism of differentiation in SKM-1 cells induced by NaB. The expression levels of total ERK and phosphorylated-ERK were determined by Western blot. The effect of NaB in combination with the ERK inhibitor PD98059 on the proliferation/differentiation of SKM-1 cells was studied, and then the expression levels of the P21 and HDAC protein were detected by Western blot. The results showed that the expression level of phosphorylated ERK was down-regulated by the 1 mmol/L NaB, and the level of total ERK had not changed. NaB or combination of the MEK inhibitor PD98059 with NaB could increase the differentiation of the SKM-1 cells and up-regulated the levels of the P21 and HDAC protein, but the effect of combination of NaB with PD98059 was higher than that of NaB alone. It is concluded that the inhibition of ERK may be involved in sodium butyrate inducing differentiation in SKM-1 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Butyrates , Pharmacology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Pathology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 601-605, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352010

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to explore the molecular mechanisms of sodium butyrate (NaB) action on SKM-1 cell proliferation/differentiation and to study its synergistic effect with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). SKM-1 cells were grown in the absence or presence of NaB and/or ATRA; the percentage of viable cells was determined by trypan blue exclusion; differentiation was investigated by nitro-blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction; adhesion molecules of cell surface were analysed by FACS; cell cycle distribution was studied after DNA staining by propidium iodide; D-type cyclins, CDK and P21 mRNA were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that NaB and/or ATRA blocked cells mainly in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle; ATRA inhibited the mRNA expression of CDK6, CDK4, cyclin D3 and cyclin D1; NaB inhibited the mRNA expression of CDK2, cyclin D2 and cyclin D1; ATRA and NaB inhibited the mRNA expression of CDK6, CDK4, CDK2, cyclin D1, cyclin D2 and cyclin D3; ATRA and/or NaB both stimulated p21 expression at the mRNA levels. It is concluded that the NaB effect on cell proliferation/differentiation may be linked to its ability to induce expression of p21 mRNA and inhibit the cyclin D-CDK complexes. These observations support the claim that NaB has the synergistic effect with ATRA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Butyrates , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Cyclins , Genetics , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Pathology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tretinoin , Pharmacology
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