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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191132, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394049

ABSTRACT

Abstract To explore the effects and mechanisms of benzoylaconitine and paeoniflorin on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Weight, paw swelling, arthritis index and joint pathologic changes were examined in each group after CIA induction. PGE2, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, VEGF, MMP-3, IgG and anti-CII Ab were assessed by ELISA; STAT1 and STAT3 expressions were analyzed immunohistochemically, and the ultrastructure of synovial cells was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Therapeutic effects were determined in CIA rats via injecting benzoylaconitine and paeoniflorin, which could alleviate the degree of swelling and arthritis index (AI) and pathological lesions of the sacroiliac gland; decrease the levels of PGE2, IL-1ß, TNF-α, VEGF and IgG in serum; reduce STAT1 and STAT3 expression in the membrane tissue; and inhibit the secretion and proliferation of synovial cells. These results showed that benzoylaconitine and paeoniflorin could significantly palliate the arthritic symptoms of CIA rats, and better therapeutic effects could be achieved if the two components were used in combination


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Therapeutic Uses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Dinoprostone/adverse effects , Interleukin-6/pharmacology , Interleukin-1/pharmacology , Interleukin-10/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923494

ABSTRACT

@#An on-line HPLC-DPPH system was developed to determine the antioxidant activity of 16 batches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata. By analyzing the chromatographic and biological activity fingerprints of 16 batches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata, the dose-effect relationship was established and the total antioxidant activity was quantified by activity addition.The results suggested that the online HPLC-DPPH method can evaluate the antioxidant activity of different bathches of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata, with different processing methods, aiming to provide datasupport and scientific basis forquality evaluation of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939908

ABSTRACT

Pseudo-allergic reactions (PARs) widely occur upon application of drugs or functional foods. Anti-pseudo-allergic ingredients from natural products have attracted much attention. This study aimed to investigate anti-pseudo-allergic compounds in licorice. The anti-pseudo-allergic effect of licorice extract was evaluated in rat basophilic leukemia 2H3 (RBL-2H3) cells. Anti-pseudo-allergic compounds were screened by using RBL-2H3 cell extraction and the effects of target components were verified further in RBL-2H3 cells, mouse peritoneal mast cells (MPMCs) and mice. Molecular docking and human MRGPRX2-expressing HEK293T cells (MRGPRX2-HEK293T cells) extraction were performed to determine the potential ligands of MAS-related G protein-coupled receptor-X2 (MRGPRX2), a pivotal target for PARs. Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) and licorice chalcone A (LA) were screened and shown to inhibit Compound48/80-induced degranulation and calcium influx in RBL-2H3 cells. GA and LA also inhibited degranulation in MPMCs and increase of histamine and TNF-α in mice. LA could bind to MRGPRX2, as determined by molecular docking and MRGPRX2-HEK293T cell extraction. Our study provides a strong rationale for using GA and LA as novel treatment options for PARs. LA is a potential ligand of MRGPRX2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Degranulation , Glycyrrhiza , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Hypersensitivity/drug therapy , Mast Cells/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Rats , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Receptors, Neuropeptide/therapeutic use
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to assess the associations between maternal drug use, cytochrome P450 ( CYP450) genetic polymorphisms, and their interactions with the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in offspring.@*METHODS@#A case-control study involving 569 mothers of CHD cases and 652 controls was conducted from November 2017 to January 2020.@*RESULTS@#After adjusting for potential confounding factors, the results show that mothers who used ovulatory drugs (adjusted odds ratio [a OR] = 2.12; 95% confidence interval [ CI]: 1.08-4.16), antidepressants (a OR = 2.56; 95% CI: 1.36-4.82), antiabortifacients (a OR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.00-2.40), or traditional Chinese drugs (a OR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.26-3.09) during pregnancy were at a significantly higher risk of CHDs in offspring. Maternal CYP450 genetic polymorphisms at rs1065852 (A/T vs. A/A: OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.10-2.14; T/T vs. A/A: OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.07-2.31) and rs16947 (G/G vs. C/C: OR = 3.41, 95% CI: 1.82-6.39) were also significantly associated with the risk of CHDs in offspring. Additionally, significant interactions were observed between the CYP450genetic variants and drug use on the development of CHDs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In those of Chinese descent, ovulatory drugs, antidepressants, antiabortifacients, and traditional Chinese medicines may be associated with the risk of CHDs in offspring. Maternal CYP450 genes may regulate the effects of maternal drug exposure on fetal heart development.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Female , Genotype , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of early incision and decompression combined with screw fixation in treating Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 5 patients with Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome were retrospective analysized from January 2017 to December 2018, including 4 males and 1 female, aged from 19 to 62 years old. All patients were suffered from closed injuries. The time from injury to treatment ranged from 1 to 14 h. According to Myerson classification, 1 patient was type A, 1 patient was type B, and 3 patients were type C. All patients were performed early incision decompression and screw fixation. Maryland foot functional scoring standard at 12 months after opertaion was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 10 to 48 months. All fractures were achieved bone union, and healing time ranged from 3 to 9 months. All metatarsal and tarsal joints were reached to anatomical reduction. No infection, osteomyelitis, loosening or breaking of internal fixation occurred. Postopertaive Maryland foot function score at 12 months was from 44 to 97, and 2 patients got excellent result, 2 good, and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Early incision and decompression with screw fixation for the treatment of Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome, which has advantages of simple opertaion, thoroughly decompression, screw fixation does not occupy space, stable decompression and fixation, and could receive satisfied clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Decompression , Female , Foot Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826329

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is the second most common malignant tumor in women worldwide.The burden of cervical cancer is particularly heavy in less developed countries as the malignancy brings huge pain to the patients and their family members and causes huge losses to social development and global health.However,cervical cancer is a preventable and curable disease.While screening and human papillomavirus vaccination in developed countries have remarkably lowered the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer,there is still a far way to go to achieve the prevention and treatment of this disease.The multidisciplinary prevention and control programs slightly differ in different countries due to diverse economic and health conditions.The general principle is to vaccinate the young females and to implement a comprehensive strategy including human papillomavirus vaccine vaccination,screening,early diagnosis,and early treatment in adults.


Subject(s)
Early Detection of Cancer , Female , Humans , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Vaccination
7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 598-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on whether the occurrence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADIH) is associated with the polymorphism of CYP2E gene and methylation level. This study aims to CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and the relationship between the methylation level of the promoter region and ADIH in Mongolian tuberculosis (TB) patients.Methods A total of 135 Mongolian TB patients who received standardized treatment at the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia from November 2015 to June 2018 were selected. According to the ADIH criteria, TB patients with liver injury were selected as the ADIH group (n=45), and TB patients without liver injury were matched as the control group based on a ratio of 1∶2 (n=90). DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to amplify the CYP2E1 gene to determine the CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, and to analyze the CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and relationship between ADIH and promoter methylation level.Results There were no significant differences in the distribution of CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, C1 and C2 gene frequencies between the ADIH group and the control group (P>0.05). The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene in ADIH group (0.711±0.085) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.759±0.062). Results of Logistic regression showed that the overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was the influencing factor for the occurrence of ADIH (P<0.005). For each 0.1 unit increase of methylation level, the risk of ADIH occurrence reduced by 0.388 times, and the OR (95% CI) value was 0.388 (between 0.204 and 0.739).Conclusion The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was reduced in Mongolian ADIH patients, but the polymorphism of CYP2E1 gene was not related to the occurrence of ADIH. These results suggested that CYP2E1 methylation could be applied to the prevention and treatment of ADIH in patients with tuberculosis.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 598-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821815

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on whether the occurrence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADIH) is associated with the polymorphism of CYP2E gene and methylation level. This study aims to CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and the relationship between the methylation level of the promoter region and ADIH in Mongolian tuberculosis (TB) patients.Methods A total of 135 Mongolian TB patients who received standardized treatment at the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia from November 2015 to June 2018 were selected. According to the ADIH criteria, TB patients with liver injury were selected as the ADIH group (n=45), and TB patients without liver injury were matched as the control group based on a ratio of 1∶2 (n=90). DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to amplify the CYP2E1 gene to determine the CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, and to analyze the CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and relationship between ADIH and promoter methylation level.Results There were no significant differences in the distribution of CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, C1 and C2 gene frequencies between the ADIH group and the control group (P>0.05). The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene in ADIH group (0.711±0.085) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.759±0.062). Results of Logistic regression showed that the overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was the influencing factor for the occurrence of ADIH (P<0.005). For each 0.1 unit increase of methylation level, the risk of ADIH occurrence reduced by 0.388 times, and the OR (95% CI) value was 0.388 (between 0.204 and 0.739).Conclusion The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was reduced in Mongolian ADIH patients, but the polymorphism of CYP2E1 gene was not related to the occurrence of ADIH. These results suggested that CYP2E1 methylation could be applied to the prevention and treatment of ADIH in patients with tuberculosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793052

ABSTRACT

As an important branch of artificial intelligence,the emerging medical artificial intelligence(MAI)is facing many ethical issues.MAI may offer the optimal diagnosis and treatment for patients but may also bring adverse effects on society and human beings.This article discusses the ethical problems caused by MAI and elucidates its development in a direction that meets ethical principles and requirements.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776847

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the protective effects of a small molecular fraction (SMF) of Polygoni multiflori Radix Praeparata (PMRP) in a cyclophosphamide (CTX) induced anemia mouse model. Small molecular fraction of PMRP was prepared and identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS). In pharmacology, we examined the peripheral hemogram and thymus and spleen index. The content of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in serum was mensurated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); The level of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum and spleen tissue homogenate were detected, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) was assayed in spleen. The results show that SMF can significantly accelerate the recovery of peripheral hemogram, increase the activity of antioxidant enzymes and GM-CSF in serum and spleen. SMF also increases the number of spleen cells, improves bone marrow pathology. In conclusion, the SMF of PMRP promoted the recovery of hematopoietic function in a CTX-induced anemia mouse, which can support SMF to be used as an adjunct to chemotherapy to counteract its side effects.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 715-719, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818310

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to analyze the differences in the molecular characteristics of transcriptome between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Methods We obtained transcriptomic data on ESCC and EAC from the TCGA database, screened differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs in cancer and the adjacent tissues, and constructed a network of ESCC- and EAC-related competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA). We predicted the target genes and performed gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses on important miRNAs, and compared the molecular features of the transcriptomes between ESCC and EAC. Results The ceRNA network analysis showed that PVT1, LINC00524, miR-204, miR-383, HOXC8 and NTRK2 played important regulatory roles in both ESCC and EAC. Totally, 13 227 regulatory target genes were predicted with miR-204-5p via miRWalk and 232 target genes screened from the miRDB database. GO analysis revealed 38 enrichments, mainly involved in the regulation of cell-matrix adhesion, morphogenesis of cell membrane projection, and β-catenin combination, KEGG analysis showed 4 relevant pathways: the hedgehog, life-regulating, estrogen and relaxin signaling pathways, and survival analysis manifested LINC00261, MLIP-IT1 and LINC00504 as survival-related differentially expressed lncRNAs, hsa-mir-338 as differentially expressed miRNA, but no mRNA in ESCC. Survival-related differentially expressed lncRNAs in EAC included CYP1B1-AS1 and HOTAIR, and differentially expressed mRNAs included IL11, NTRK2, ANGPT2 and PBK. Of the differentially expressed lncRNAs in both ESCC and EAC, 150 (15.4%) were up-regulated and 158 (26.8%) down-regulated; of the miRNAs, 22 (24.2%) up-regulated and 8 (27.6%) down-regulated; and of the mRNAs, 234 (20.5%) up-regulated and 418 (23.7%) down-regulated. Conclusion There are significant molecular differences between ESCC and EAC, and the differentially expressed lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA may provide some new targets and molecular markers for the treatment and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 613-618, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818290

ABSTRACT

Objective No study has been reported on the association between the abnormal methylation of drug metabolic enzymes and anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATLI). This article aimed to investigate the relationship of ATLI with the methylation of the CpG islands in the promoter regions of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and glutathione s-transferase M1 (GSTM1) in Chinese Mongolian patients with tuberculosis (TB). Methods This retrospective study included 93 cases of TB diagnosed and treated in the TB prevention and treatment institutions of Tongliao, Inner Mongolia, between September 2016 and December 2017, which were divided into an ATLI (n = 31) and a non-ATLI group (n = 62), the former with and the latter without ATLI within 6 months after anti-TB medication. We compared the methylation levels of the CYP2E1 and GSTM1 genes between the two groups of patients and analyzed the risk factors of ATLI. Results In comparison with the non-ATLI controls, the patients of the ATLI group showed significantly lower methylation levels in the promoter regions of CYP2E1 (0.759 ± 0.066 vs 0.694 ± 0.091, P < 0.05) and GSTM1 (0.207 ± 0.093 vs 0.187 ± 0.092, P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the main risk factors of ATLI included alcohol consumption (OR = 5.329, 95% CI: 1.442-19.697, P < 0.05) and methylation in the CYP2E1 promoter region (OR = 0.312, 95% CI: 0.165-0.591, P < 0.05) in the TB patients. Conclusion ATLI is associated with the methylation level in the promoter region of the CYP2E1 gene in Chinese Mongolian patients with tuberculosis, indicating that the methylation of CYP2E1 could be used as a biomarker in the prevention and control of ATLI.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1037-1042, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818136

ABSTRACT

Objective Differentially-expressed lncRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among different races remain unclarified at present time. This study aimed to analyze the shared and specific differential expression profiles of lncRNAs in HCC patients of the yellow, white and black races in the TCGA database and predict their functions and regulatory mechanisms. Methods We screened differentially expressed lncRNAs in the cancer and paracancer tissues of the HCC patients of the yellow, white and black races, compared differential expression profiles of lncRNAs and identified the common differentially expressed lncRNAs among the three races. We performed COX regression survival analysis on the differentially expressed lncRNAs, constructed a ceRNA network, and predicted the target genes and their regulatory mechanisms by GO and KEGG enrichment analyses and prediction of the transcription factors. Results Totally 49 HCC-related lncRNAs were found in all the three races, with 21.5% overlapped in the white and black races, 7.8% in the white and yellow and 5.8% in the black and Asians. GO enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of LINC01224 in the all three races were related to DNA replication and transposition, gene expression regulation, epigenetics, silencing of miRNAs, and gene silencing after RNA transcription, while KEGG analysis revealed a correlation of LINC01224 with the cell cycle and DNA replication. Target genes were not predicted in the 11 survival-related lncRNAs in the patients of the white race. Of the 6 survival-related lncRNAs in the yellow patients, the target gene of AC093609.1 was shown to be involved in the activity of the ionic channel, regulation of cardiomyopathy- and cardiomyocyte adrenalin-related signaling pathways, various metabolic functions, fat degradation, ABC protein transportation, and amino acid metabolism. Conclusion HCC-related expression profiles of lncRNAs have a great similarity between the white and black races, but a high differentiality between the yellow and the white or black. LINC01224 may be involved in the relation of tumor growth in all the three races, while AC093609.1 and AC126118.1 specific of the yellow race play an important role in tumor metabolism.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777527

ABSTRACT

The hydrogen peroxide generation system was used to analyze the scavenging activity of hydrogen peroxide by Liropes Radix from different origins by HPLC-UV-CL. The UV-CL fingerprints of Liropes Radix from different origins were evaluated,and the HPLC-UV and LC-CL fingerprints were systematically analyzed and evaluated. The results showed that the ether fractions of Liriope spicata var. prolifera and L. muscari had good scavenging activity of hydrogen peroxide,and the total activity of different origins varied greatly,while the similar samples had similar activities. The total antioxidant activity of L. muscari is higher than that of L. spicata var.prolifera. The similarity analysis of the two fingerprints was carried out by two different analytical methods. The chemical fingerprints and the active fingerprints have different characteristics. The contribution of each fingerprint to the total peak area and total activity is also different. There are significant differences between the two different fingerprint clustering results.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Free Radical Scavengers , Chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide , Liriope Plant , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705372

ABSTRACT

Because of the rapidly rhythm of modern society, fast food and take-out become the main dining methods for most of young people,while the outside foods always have few types of foods and nutrition is not complete. Nutrient imbalances may cause many diseases such as gastrointestinal diseases,cardiovascular diseases,diabetes,obesity,and cancer.In this environment,health products have emerged.At present,there are a wide variety of health care products at home and abroad,which are broadly divided into three categories:traditional vitamins,emerging nutrient products,and extracts of natural plant active ingredients.In the early 1970s,the sales of health products in the United States had reached 170 million dollars.At present,it has nearly 100 billion dollars,which is almost 1/3 of the total food sales, people's demand for health products is increasing rapidly. In recent years, Chinese medicine health products become more popular in western,in fact, Chinese medicine health products have a long history of application in China and have a good reputation in the folk. Obviously, Chinese medicine health products have great potential for development.So this article mainly compared the de-velopment and state of health products between China and west countries.Based on the development of health products in western countries, this article analyzes the development trend and prospects for the development of Chinese medicine health products. It is roughly divided into three parts. The first part introduces the development reasons and history of western health products development.The sec-ond part introduces the history of Chinese health products and the current situation of Chinese medi-cine health products. The third part guesses the development trend of Chinese medicine health prod-ucts and provides some development ideas. The purpose of this airticle is to provide reference and ideas for the future research and development of traditional Chinese medicine health products.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705326

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a chronic,refractory,inflammatory skin disease that occurs in young adults.The traditional animal model cannot simulate the skin characteristics of patients with psoriasis effectively, so it is difficult to be used for in-depth study of psoriasis mechanism. Immortalized human epidermal cells (HaCaT)is a non-tumor,immortalized human epidermal cell which is widely used in the study of dermatosis.HaCaT cells are the best choice for the study of psoriasis mechanism because their immu-nological characteristics and reproductive ability are coincide with the pathological features of psoriasis. This article reviews the specific methods such as establishment of cell method, cytokine and chemo-kine analysisin the pathogenesis study of psoriasis based on HaCaT cells, hoping to provide some thoughts for drug′s pharmacological activity research.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704377

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution of the plantar pressure in patients with knee osteoarthritis after knee joint replacement surgery.Methods The plantar pressure of 33 patients with double knee osteoarthritis and single knee replacement was measured using the Belgian footscan plantar pressure test system.The peak pressure,the impulse,the peak time of the peak pressure and the parameters of the foot support period were observed.Results The average peak pressure and average impulse of the 2nd,3rd and 4th foot metatarsal,together with the medial and lateral heel,midfoot and full plantar of the knee replacement side were higher than the other side but without significant differences (P<0.001,P<0.05).The duration of the maximum pressure peak of the lst,2nd,3rd,4th and 5th metatarsal area and midfoot of the knee replacement side was significantly longer than the other side (P< 0.001,P<0.05).The time of initial contact phase,the duration of foot flat phase and the duration of all single foot support of knee replacement side were significantly longer than the other side(P<0.05).Conclusions It shows that the plantar pressure parameters and the knee joint's movement ability have improved significantly after the replacement.The foot pressure analysis can be used to evaluate the function of knee joint,to better understand the biomechanical changes of knee joint,so as to explore the best treatment and rehabilitation after the knee arthroplasty.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immune eye diseases such as hyperthyroidism exophthalmos and uveitis seriously endanger the eye health of patients, which are common and difficult eye diseases. Current treatments for these diseases include oral administration of hormones and immunosuppressive agents, with poor efficacy, recurrent attacks and poor prognosis. Meanwhile, these treatments can induce systemic adverse reactions. Lymphocytes are directly or indirectly involved in these diseases. Therefore, we try to make papua eye patch carrying immunosuppressant, and deliver the drug through the topical use. Cyclosporin A microemulsion targeting lymphocytes can treat or control palpebral lymph nodes involved in the immune eye diseases. It is a topical method rather than the systemic medication, which is targeted and has small doses of drugs. If possible, this treatment can effectively treat immune eye diseases and avoid systemic drug adverse reactions and long-term adverse reactions induced by original drugs. OBJECTIVE: To study the preparation of cyclosporin A microemulsion papua cream eye patch, and its transdermal absorption characteristics in vitro. METHODS: Cyclosporine A microemulsion was fully mixed with water-soluble polymer materials at a ratio of 1 mg:1 mL, including sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, gelatin, peach gum, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, and then coated onto the non-woven fabric to prepare Babu cream. Permeability of the Babu cream on the abdominal skin of ICR mice was determined by Franz diffusion cell method. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to detect the concentration of cyclosporine A, and skin irritation and anaphylaxis were also measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Cyclosporin A microemulsion papua cream eye patch was successfully prepared with appropriate viscosity, good permeability, good permeability, comfortable application, no skin irritation and allergic reaction. The content of cyclosporine A was 10 mg/tablet, and the concentration was 1 g/L. The concentration of cyclosporine A microemulsion increased with the increase of time, and it had good transdermal effect. This study proved that it is feasible to prepare cyclosporine A microemulsion into papua patch. It has good performance in skin permeability, adhesion and skin comfort.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1195-1203, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708643

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze histomorphometrical characteristics of the bone and bone marrow tissues of the lumbar vertebrae in rabbits with fluoride treatment,and its correlation with signal intensity of MRI.Methods Forty New Zealand albino rabbits aged three months old were randomly divided into fluoride exposure of 30 cases and control of 10 cases,male and female,half each.One hundred milligrams of sodium fluoride were added to the municipal water each liter (fluoride content 100 mg/L) as drinking waterto fluorine for 180 days.Twenty-four of 30 cases with fluoride exposure had complete data (male10 casesand female14 cases).The same municipal water was used as control drinking water (fluoride content < 0.9 mg/L).Eight of 10 cases with control had complete data (male andfemale in half).Twenty-four cases with fluoride treatment and complete data were classified into sensitive and resistant type according to the MRI signal intensity of the lumbar vertebra.Histomorphometrics of the vertebra and its correlation with the MRI signal intensity,and sensitivity in early diagnosis of osteofluorosis and feasibility of susceptibility to osteofluorosis detected with MRI were analyzed.Results Theratios of trabecular bone volume (BV),hematopoietic cell volume (HV) and fluid volume (FV) in bone marrow tissue to total cavernous tissue volume (TT) in group with fluoride treatment were 18.3%±2.6%,45.2%±6.0% and 10.4%±5.7% respectively.These were 14.5%±2.8%,36.3%±7.3% and 6.2%±2.1% in control group respectively.These parameters in fluoride group were significantly increased compared to control group.The ratio 26.0%± 8.0% of adipocyte volume (AV) to TV in fluoride group was significantly lower than that 43.3%±5.6% in control group.Two of 24 cases with fluoride exposure (8.3%,2/24) were sensitive and the remaining 22 (91.7%,22/24) were in resistance.The valuesof BV/TT,HV/TV and FV/TV were considered to be sensitive,resistant and control from large to small,while AV/TV value were opposite.A comparison resuhs of signal intensity in MRI showed that vertebra T1WI contrast to noise ratio (CNR) in the sensitive was the minimum (3.0±0.8),followed by resistance (21.3±3.8) andmaximum in the control (28.3±3.1),but CNR of FsT2WIwas opposite.There were positive associations between T1WI and AV/TV,FV/TV and BV/TV,and between FsT2WI and FV/TV and BV/ TV.There were inverse associationsbetween FsT2WI and AV/TV.Theoptimal threshold value of the vertebra T1WI CNR was 23.2 or lessin early diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis,with sensitivity of 83.3% and specificity of 100%.FsT2WI was 5.7 or more,with sensitivity of 45.8% and specificity of 100%.Conclusion The pathogenesis of osteofluorosis is relative to changes in bone marrow microenvironment and cells number in bone marrow tissue,and is correlated to MRI signal intensity.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696038

ABSTRACT

The traditional efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is to summarize the clinical efficacy of TCM under the guidance of TCM theory,and it possess important guiding significance for the clinical use of TCM.Comparing with the modern medical system,the TCM system was different from western medicine in diagnosis and treatment modes,and the disease targets of TCM maybe more extensive than that of western medicine.Based on the traditional efficacy of TCM,combined with modern means of science and technology,the research on material basis and pharmacological mechanism of TCM was beneficial to discovery the new targets,new mechanism,new material and the secondary development of new drug of TCM.Furthermore,it also has far-reaching significance on interpret the modern scientific connotation of TCM efficacy.Therefore,deriving from the traditional efficacy of TCM,the research of modern pharmacodynamic material basis is the source for original research.

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