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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 49(1): 8-23, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421719

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To clarify the association between smoking and stricture recurrence after urethroplasty. Materials and Methods: Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched with keywords: "urethroplasty," "buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty," "oral mucosa graft urethroplasty," "excision and primary anastomosis urethroplasty," "urethral stricture recurrence" until July 1, 2022. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were based on PICOS principles. The quality of included studies was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (N.O.S.) system. Hazard ratio (H.R.), odds ratio (OR), and relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were extracted or re-calculated from included studies. Meta-analysis was performed with Stata 15.0 based on univariate and multivariate data separately. Sensitivity analysis was performed to test the stability of the meta-analysis. I2 was calculated to evaluate heterogeneity. Publication biases were assessed by Egger's and Begg's tests. Funnel plots of univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were also offered. Results: Twenty one studies with 6791 patients were involved in this meta-analysis. The analysis results of the two stages were consistent. In the univariate meta-analysis stage, 18 studies with 5811 patients were pooled, and the result indicated that smoking might promote stricture recurrence (RR=1.32, P=0.001). Based on the adjusted estimate, 11 studies with 3176 patients were pooled in the multivariate meta-analysis stage, and the result indicated that smoking might promote stricture recurrence (RR=1.35, P=0.049). There was no significant heterogeneity in both the univariate and multivariate stages. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that smoking may prompt stricture recurrence after the urethroplasty. Quitting smoking may be a good option for patients undergoing urethroplasty surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1099-1105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990302

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the needs and recommendation of nurses in level3 general hospital for the application scenarios of nursing robots, so as to provide a basis for the design of intelligent machine systems to reduce the workload of nurses in the hospitals.Methods:Using phenomenological research methods, a total of 17 clinical nurses from Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Medical School of Nanjing University, Zhongda Hospital Southeast University and the First People′s Hospital of Lianyungang from November 2021 to March 2022 were selected for semi-structured interviews. Colaizzi content analysis method was used to sort out the data.Results:Clinical nurses′requirements for application scenarios of nursing robots could be summarized into four themes: feasibility of clinical application of robot recognized by nurses; expected alternative care scenarios; summary of nursing robot design features; multiple factors limit the application of nursing robots.Conclusions:Clinical nurses have diverse requirements for the application scenarios of nursing robots, and only part of non-clinical tasks will be authorized to robots in a short period of time. In the face of future opportunities and challenges, with the help of policies, legal supervision should be strengthened, so as to improve the reliability and safety of clinical application of nursing robots.

3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 584-592, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall (EHC), a Xizang medicinal plant traditionally used for treating liver diseases, can improve imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining were used to determine the effects of topical EHC use in vivo on the skin pathology of imiquimod-induced psoriasis in mice. The protein levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in mouse skin samples were examined using immunohistochemical staining. In vitro, IFN-γ-induced HaCaT cells with or without EHC treatment were used to evaluate the expression of keratinocyte-derived intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and chemokine CXC ligand 9 (CXCL9) using Western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide and proteasome inhibitor MG132 were utilized to validate the EHC-mediated mechanism underlying degradation of ICAM-1 and CXCL9.@*RESULTS@#EHC improved inflammation in the imiquimod-induced psoriasis mouse model and reduced the levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-17A in psoriatic lesions. Treatment with EHC also suppressed ICAM-1 and CXCL9 in epidermal keratinocytes. Further mechanistic studies revealed that EHC suppressed keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9 by promoting ubiquitin-proteasome-mediated protein degradation rather than transcriptional repression. Seven primary compounds including ehletianol C, dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol, herpetrione, herpetin, herpetotriol, herpetetrone and herpetetrol were identified from the EHC using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical application of EHC ameliorates psoriasis-like skin symptoms and improves the inflammation at the lesion sites. Please cite this article as: Zhong Y, Zhang BW, Li JT, Zeng X, Pei JX, Zhang YM, Yang YX, Li FL, Deng Y, Zhao Q. Ethanol extract of Herpetospermum caudigerum Wall ameliorates psoriasis-like skin inflammation and promotes degradation of keratinocyte-derived ICAM-1 and CXCL9. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(6): 584-592.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Ligands , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Keratinocytes , Inflammation/drug therapy , Chemokines/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1234-1241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013923

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe whether the mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo1 was involved in the senescence of atrial fibroblasts by activating β-catenin based on our previous study which found marked increase of Piezo1 mRNA in senescent atrial fibroblasts. Methods Primary mouse atrial fibroblasts (MAFs) were isolated from male C57BL/6 mice (3-4 weeks) by enzyme digestion, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) was used to induce the senescence of cells. The ratio of senescent cells was detected by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) staining. The protein levels of Piezo1, β-catenin/p-β-catenin, senescence-associated proteins p53 and p21 in the cells treated with TBHP (100 μmol · L

5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics and correlations of vaginal flora in women with cervical lesions. Methods: A total of 132 women, including 41 women diagnosed with normal cervical (NC), 39 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1), 37 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2/3) and 15 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), who came from the gynecological clinic of Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University during January 2018 to June 2018, were enrolled in this study according to the inclusive and exclusive criteria strictly. The vaginal flora was detected by 16S rDNA sequencing technology. Co-occurrence network analysis was used to investigate the Spearman correlations between different genera of bacteria. Results: The dominant bacteria in NC, CIN 1 and CIN 2/3 groups were Lactobacillus [constituent ratios 79.4% (1 869 598/2 354 098), 63.6% (1 536 466/2 415 100) and 58.3% (1 342 896/2 301 536), respectively], while Peptophilus [20.4% (246 072/1 205 154) ] was the dominant bacteria in SCC group. With the aggravation of cervical lesions, the diversity of vaginal flora gradually increased (Shannon index: F=6.39, P=0.001; Simpson index: F=3.95, P=0.012). During the cervical lesion progress, the ratio of Lactobacillus gradually decreased, the ratio of other anaerobes such as Peptophilus, Sneathia, Prevotella and etc. gradually increased, and the differential bacteria (LDA score >3.5) gradually evolved from Lactobacillus to other anaerobes. The top 10 relative abundance bacteria, spearman correlation coefficient>0.4 and P<0.05 were selected. Co-occurrence network analysis showed that Prevotella, Peptophilus, Porphyrinomonas, Anaerococcus, Sneathia, Atopobium, Gardnerella and Streptococcus were positively correlated in different stages of cervical lesions, while Lactobacillus was negatively correlated with the above anaerobes. It was found that the relationship between vaginal floras in CIN 1 group was the most complex and only Peptophilus was significantly negatively correlated with Lactobacillus in SCC group. Conclusions: The increased diversity and changed correlations between vaginal floras are closely related to cervical lesions. Peptophilus is of great significance in the diagnosis, prediction and early warning of cervical carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Vagina/microbiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Cervix Uteri , Lactobacillus/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of Neuroform Atlas stent used in treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients with unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms undergoing Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling from August 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 aneurysms in those 62 patients. Among them, 25 aneurysms were located at the bifurcation of M1 segment on middle cerebral artery, 16 at the anterior communicating artery, 10 at the C7 segment of internal carotid artery, 5 at the C6 segment of internal carotid artery, 4 at the apex of basilar artery, 3 at the A3 segment of anterior cerebral artery, and 1 at the M2 segment of middle cerebral artery. All the patients underwent Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling, including 49 patients with single stent assisted coiling and 15 patients with dual stents assisted coiling (14"Y"style and 1"X"style). After the procedure, the immediate DSA was performed to evaluate the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency. The clinical follow-up was performed 3 months after the operation and evaluated based on the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).DSA image was reviewed at 6 months after operation and Raymond grading scale was used to assess the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 patients with 64 aneurysms were all achieved technical success(100%).The immediate post-procedural Raymond scale was assessed, including Raymond Ⅰ in 57 aneurysms(89.1%, 57/64), Raymond Ⅱ in 6 aneurysms(9.3%, 6/64) and Raymond Ⅲ in 1 aneurysm(1.6%, 1/64). The peri-procedural complications rate was 4.8%(3/62), 2 patients developed intraoperative thrombosis and 1 patient suffered from local subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 55 patients obtained 3 months clinical follow-up after operation and all the patients had good outcomes (mRS≤2), 50 patients with 52 aneurysms were followed up with DSA 6 months after operation, including Raymond Ⅰ in 45 aneurysms(86.5%, 45/52), Raymond Ⅱ in 4 aneurysms(7.7%, 4/52) and Raymond Ⅲ in 3 aneurysms(5.8%, 3/52).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuroform Atlas stent for the treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms has high safety and good efficacy, and has its advantages over other traditional stents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Cerebral Angiography
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 1068-1078, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007882

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the representative attributes of the five elements of a person with a qualitative methodology and provide the basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of "people with the five elements in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)."@*METHODS@#Data collected from the literature review, two sessions of brainstorming of experts with related experience in "people with the five elements in TCM" from October 2020 to December 2020, and six rounds of in-depth interviews with 30 participants who had various attributes of the five elements from March 2021 to October 2021 were analyzed. Triangulation was used in this study, and theming and synthesizing were used to analyze the data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 31 experts and 30 interviewees participated in this study. The median age of the experts and interviewees were 48.0 and 38.5 years, respectively; 51.66% and 54.8% of experts and interviewees, respectively, were men. The descriptors of facial diagrams of "people with the five elements in TCM" were complexion, shape, distribution state of facial bones, convergence trend of facial muscles, and facial expression. A theoretical model of "people with the five elements in TCM" was shaped based on these findings.@*CONCLUSION@#The study suggests a possibility for bridging the gap between personality and bodily state, identifying an avenue for personality research from the perspective of TCM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Diagnosis , Projective Techniques
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 737-743, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore curative effect of conservative treatment of supination-lateral rotation (SER) with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture by bone setting technique.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 2019, 64 patients diagnosed with SER with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture were treated with manipulative reduction and conservative treatment (manipulation group) and surgical treatment with open reduction and internal fixation (operation group), 32 patients in each group. In manipulation group, there were 17 males and 15 females, aged from 15 to 79 years old with an average of (51.42±13.68) years old;according to Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 8 patients with supination external rotation type Ⅲ and 24 patients with type Ⅳ. In operation group, there were 13 males and 19 females, aged from 18 to 76 years old with an average of (47.36±15.02) years old;7 patients with type Ⅲ and 25 patients with type Ⅳ. Displacement of ankle fracture was measured by Digimizer software, and compared before treatment, 3 and 12 months after treatment between two groups. Lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement were measured and compared between two groups. Mazur score was used to evaluate ankle joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (17.16±9.36) months. There were statistical differences in lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral medial malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus displacement, lateral malleolus contraction displacement and posterior malleolus displacement in manipulation group before and after reduction(P<0.05). Compared with operation group, there were no statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus shift, lateral malleolus contraction shift(P>0.05), while there were statistically significant differences in lateral malleolus shift, posterior malleolus shift up and down (P<0.05). Mazur scores of ankle joint at 3 months after treatment in manipulation group and operation group were 68.84±13.08 and 82.53±7.31, respectively, and had statistical differences(P<0.05), while there was no difference in evaluation of clnical effect(P>0.05). There were no differences in Mazur score and evaluation of clnical effect between two groups at 12 months after treatment (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone setting technique could effectively correct lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of medial malleolus, lateral displacement of lateral malleolus and lateral contraction displacement of lateral malleolus in supination lateral rotation type Ⅲ and Ⅳ ankle fracture, and has good long-term clinical effect, which could avoid operation for some patients and restore ankle function after fracture.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Conservative Treatment , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Supination , Fibula , Ankle Joint/surgery
9.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 111-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006094

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of robot-assisted and open radical nephrectomy for complex kidney neoplasm >8 cm in diameter. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 24 patients with large kidney neoplasm undergoing robot-assisted radical nephrectomy (9 cases, 37.5%) and open radical nephrectomy (15 cases, 62.5%) during Nov.2015 and Aug.2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The surgical parameters, perioperative complications and follow-up outcomes were compared between the two groups. 【Results】 All operations were successful. Compared with the robot group, the open group had a higher incidence of clinical symptoms (93.3% vs.44.4%, P=0.015) and larger maximum tumor diameter (124 mm vs.95 mm, P=0.021). There were no significant differences in other preoperative characteristics between the two groups. The robot group had less intraoperative blood loss (100 mL vs.800 mL, P=0.006) and lower blood transfusion rate (0% vs. 60.0%, P=0.007) than the open group. During the median follow-up of 50 (range: 25-67) months, 4 patients in the open group and 1 in the robot group developed new metastases, and 4 patients in the open group died due to advanced tumor stage. 【Conclusion】 Robot-assisted radical nephrectomy is safe in the treatment of complex and large renal tumors, and causes less intraoperative blood loss than open surgery.

10.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 382-386, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006059

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted and open surgery in the treatment of renal carcinoma with inferior vena cava cancer thrombus, and to analyze the safety and feasibility of robot-assisted radical nephrectomy. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 55 patients surgically treated for renal carcinoma with Mayo Ⅰ-Ⅲ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus during Dec.2015 and Dec.2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Based on the operation methods, the patients were divided into the robotic surgery group (n=36) and open surgery group (n=19). The perioperative data, oncological results and survival of the two groups were compared. 【Results】 All operations were successful. The median operation time was 176 (IQR:137-234) min, and grade Ⅲ and above complications occurred in 9(16.4%) cases. The robotic surgery group had lower intraoperative blood loss [300 (IQR:200-625) mL vs.1 000 (IQR:600-1 184) mL] and blood transfusion ratio [(20/36) vs. (18/19)] than the open surgery group, but higher postoperative hemoglobin level[109(98-120) g/L vs. 90(84-100) g/L]. During a median follow-up of 26 (IQR:19-39) months, 19(34.5%) patients developed new metastases and 12(21.8%) patients died. The postoperative tumor-specific survival (HR=0.39, 95%CI:0.13-1.16, P=0.090) and overall survival (HR=0.71, 95%CI:0.22-2.23,P=0.554) were not significantly different between the two groups. 【Conclusion】 There are no significant differences in the incidence of postoperative complications, tumor-specific survival and overall survival between robot-assisted and open surgery for Mayo Ⅰ-Ⅲ inferior vena cava tumor thrombus, but the intraoperative blood loss in robotic group is lower than that in the open surgery group.

11.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 377-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006058

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the influencing factors of planned robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) converted to radical nephrectomy (RN). 【Methods】 Clinical data and operation records of 488 patients planned for RAPN in our hospital during 2015 and 2020 were retrospectively collected. The patients were divided into converted and unconverted groups, and relevant clinical data of the two groups were compared. The causes and influencing factors for conversion were analyzed. 【Results】 Among the 488 patients, 14 (2.9%) converted to RN. The causes included: ①complicated tumor anatomy and surgical difficulties; ②local advanced renal tumor suspected during operation; ③severe intraoperative hemorrhage. Univariate analysis showed that R. E. N. A. L score (P<0.001), E value (P<0.001), N value (P<0.001), L value (P<0.001), renal hilum position (P<0.001) and T stage (P=0.002) were influencing factors of conversion. 【Conclusion】 Causes for the conversion of RAPN to RN include complicated tumor anatomy, suspected local advanced renal tumor and severe intraoperative hemorrhage. The R. E. N. A. L score, E value, N value, L value, renal hilum position and T stage are influencing factors.

12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 372-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006057

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the recurrence of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN), and to explore the related factors of recurrence. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 367 RCC patients who underwent RAPN during 2015 and 2020 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into recurrence group and non-recurrence group. The related factors of recurrence and 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of RCC and clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) in the recurrence group were analyzed. 【Results】 The median follow-up was 48 (IQR:38-60) months. Recurrence occurred in 9 patients, with a 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of 97.5%. For RCC patients, univariate analysis showed that tumor size, T-stage, R. E. N. A. L. score, R value, N value, and operation time were significantly associated with postoperative recurrence (P<0.05), while multivariate analysis showed that N value (HR=15.75, 95%CI:2.00-124.17, P=0.009) was an independent related factor. For ccRCC patients, univariate analysis showed that hypertension, tumor size, T-stage, R. E. N. A. L. score, N value, operation time and WHO/ISUP grade were significantly associated with postoperative recurrence (P<0.05), while multivariate analysis showed that WHO/ISUP grade (HR=4.99, 95%CI:1.04-24.01, P=0.045) was an independent related factor. 【Conclusion】 The 5-year cumulative recurrence rate of RCC patients after RAPN is 2.5%. N value and WHO/ISUP grade are the independent related factor of recurrence of RCC and ccRCC, respectively.

13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Rotarex catheter system in treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis.@*METHODS@#From Jun. 2017 to Dec. 2019, the clinical data of 32 femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis cases treated with Rotarex catheter system were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 9 females aged from 50 to 89 years and the mean age was (70.7±10.3) years. Six cases had acute course of disease (≤2 weeks), 17 cases had subacute course of disease (>2 weeks, ≤3 months), and 9 cases had chronic course of disease (>3 months). Mean lesion length was (23.4±13.7) cm, mean occlusion length was (19.9±13.3) cm, and in-stent occlusion 7 cases. The superficial femoral artery (SFA) was involved in 13 cases, the popliteal artery (PA) was involved in 8 cases, and both SFA and PA were involved in the other 11 cases. All the cases were treated with Rotarex catheter system. When necessary, suction with large lumen catheter was enabled. Residual stenosis was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Drug-coated balloon (DCB) was only used in patients with financial status, and stent was used only when it was necessary. Heparin was used for 24 h after procedures, and after that, antiplatelet agents were used. Doppler ultrasonography was taken during the followed-up.@*RESULTS@#Technical success was 100%, and mean procedure time was (107.4±21.5) min. 8F (1F≈0.33 mm) and 6F Rotarex catheter were used in 27 and 5 cases respectively. In 27 cases, forward flow was obtained immediately after debulking with Rotarex catheter, and in the other 5 cases, suction with large lumen catheters were used. PTA was used in all 32 cases. DCB were used in 8 cases, of which 4 were used in in-stent stenosis. Twelve cases were implanted stents. There were no perioperative deaths. The only one procedure related complication was distal embolism. We took out the thrombus with guiding catheter. In all cases, mean hospital stay were (4.6±1.5) d. The ankle brachial index increased from 0.32±0.15 to 0.86±0.10 after treatment (t=-16.847, P < 0.001). The Rutherford stages decreased significantly (Z=-4.518, P < 0.001). All the patients were followed up for 6.0-36.0 months, and the median time was 16.0 months. 2 cases stopped antiplatelet agents, which resulted in acute thrombosis. Another percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and PTA were taken in one of them. Two cases died of cardiovascular disease during the follow-up, and no amputation was observed. Target lesion restenosis occurred in 7 cases during the follow-up, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) was taken in two of them.@*CONCLUSION@#In treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis, Rotarex catheter can remove thrombus effectively, and that can expose underlying lesions and reduce stent use and complications rates. It is a safe and effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Femoral Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Thrombosis , Catheters
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(2): 217-221, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365360

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at the oral health problems of elderly patients with diabetes. A training course of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was constructed, helping patients improve their oral health quality of life. METHODS: A randomized controlled prospective experimental study was conducted. A total of 190 elderly patients were divided randomly into an observation group and a control group with 95 cases in each. The control group received regular health education, while the observation group was based on the control group to implement the integrated experiential learning of traditional Chinese and Western medicine in small groups. The oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior, and blood glucose control status along with the oral health quality of life of the two groups were compared before the intervention and at 3-month postintervention. RESULTS: Three months after the intervention, the fasting blood glucose control and the 2-h postprandial blood glucose/glycosylated hemoglobin levels in the observation group were significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The oral health quality of life in the observation group was significantly better than in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The small-group experiential learning model of integrated Chinese and Western medicine can promote the transformation of knowledge-beliefs-behaviors in elderly patients with diabetes, which is conducive to controlling blood sugar levels and improving the quality of oral health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Oral Health , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Quality of Life , China , Prospective Studies , Problem-Based Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 295-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927970

ABSTRACT

Technical Specifications for Revision of Safety Information in Marketed Chinese Patent Medicine Instructions,a series of group standards,were proposed by Professor ZHANG Bing from Research Center for Pharmacovigilance and Rational Use of Traditional Chinese Medicine,and underwent centralized management by Chinese Association of Chinese Medicine. They were officially released on July 23 and implemented on July 31,2021. The series of group standards consist of six sections,including general principles,adverse drug events,contraindications,precautions,application for special populations,and warnings. The section of general principles is comprised of holistic and programmatic expressions,which explain the general technical requirements for revising the marketed Chinese patent medicine instructions. The other five sections focus on information collection,screening,transformation,and illustration of specific items,forming a standardized revision technical process. This series of standards is the result of multiple rounds of research and the suggestions of more than 200 experts in different professional fields of " medicine-pharmacy-management-law-enterprise" have been gathered therein to reach a consensus. With the purposes of establishing standardized technical specifications for the revision of safety information in the marketed Chinese patent medicine instructions,guiding marketing authorization holders in revising the instructions,filling the gaps in the research of Chinese patent medicine instructions,promoting the deve-lopment of pharmaceutical care and academic research,and encouraging the rational and safe medication of Chinese patent medicine,the series of group standards is of great significance.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/adverse effects , Pharmacovigilance
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 285-294, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927969

ABSTRACT

Drug instructions,the statutory and technical documents recording effectiveness and safety information,are an important basis for guiding doctors,pharmacists,and patients to use drugs rationally,and their scientificity,standardization,and accuracy directly affect the medication safety of the public. The sections of adverse drug events,contraindications,precautions,warnings,and application for specific populations in drug instructions directly express safety information and measures for rational use of drugs. In the drug life cycle,marketing authorization holders( MAHs) need to update safety information in the instructions promptly to ensure the safety and effectiveness of clinical drug medication. At present,revising instructions is an important measure to control drug risks. In the drug life cycle,in order to standardize the revision of safety information in the instructions by MAHs and eliminate inexact terms such as " unclear",the Technical Specifications for Revision of Safety Information in Marketed Chinese Patent Medicine Instructions,a series of group standards,have been established under the guidance of Standardization Department,China Association of Chinese Medicine. Therefore,on the basis of the existing rules and regulations,the standardized technical procedures for revising instructions came into being to help clinical safe and rational medication of drugs,and implement the strategy of " Healthy China".


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/adverse effects , Reference Standards
17.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 641-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989858

ABSTRACT

Robot assisted laparoscopic surgery is a more advanced minimally invasive procedure with distinct advantages over conventional laparoscopic surgery. Since the introduction of Da Vinci robotic equipment in 2006, a large number of robotic surgeries have been performed in China, especially in the field of Urology, and robotic surgery has been widely used in the treatment of adrenal tumor, renal tumor, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and other diseases. Based on rich experience of more than 3000 cases of robotic surgery in our center, we summarize the status quo of urologic robotic surgery and discuss its development prospect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1385-1390, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969799

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal in patients after resection of rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients who underwent total laparoscopic loop ileoscopic loop ileostomy after radical resection of rectal cancer at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, or Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital from October 2019 to June 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: All patients had successfully underwent total laparoscopic ileostomy reversal without conversion to open surgery or discontinued operation. No perioperative related death cases were found. In the whole group, the median operation time was 97 (60-145) minutes and the median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-100) milliliters. The median Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score was 1.9 (1-5) one day after the operation. Nobody needed to use additional analgesic drugs. The median time to grand activities was 25 (16-42) hours, the median time to flatus was 44 (19-51) hours, and the median hospitalization after operation was 6.9 (5-9) days. No patients underwent operation related complications such as operative incision infection, abdominal and pelvic infection, intestinal obstruction, anastomotic leakage, bleeding and so on. Conclusions: Total laparoscopic loop ileostomy reversal appears to be safe, feasible and with promising efficacy for selected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ileostomy , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Anastomotic Leak , Anastomosis, Surgical
19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 23-27, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted retrohepatic inferior vena cava(IVC) tumor thrombectomy for renal tumor patients with a single position.Methods:The clinical data of 6 renal tumor patients with retrohepatic IVC thrombus (5 males and 1 female, mean age of 58 years) who underwent robot-assisted retrohepatic IVC tumor thrombectomy with a single position in First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from December 2015 to August 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Four cases had the renal tumor on the right side and two on the left side. The mean tumor size was 9.6 cm(range 7-13 cm). There were 4 cases of Mayo level Ⅱ and 2 cases of level Ⅲ IVC thrombus with the mean IVC thrombus length of 6.5 cm(range 5-8cm). The "IVC-first, kidney-last" robotic technique was developed to minimize chances of IVC thrombus embolization for retrohepatic IVC thrombus, and a "artery-first, vein-second" robotic operative strategy were developed to minimize chances of intraoperative hemorrhage. The whole procedure (the suprahepatic infradiaphramatic IVC, first porta hepatis and left renal vein control, caval exclusion, tumor thrombectomy, IVC repair, radical nephrectomy) was performed exclusively robotically with a single position.Results:All 6 robotic procedures were successful, without open conversion or mortality. The mean operative time was 210 min(130-320 min), estimated blood loss was 800 ml(300-2 100 ml) and three patients (5%) received intraoperative blood transfusion. The mean time of occlusion of IVC was 21 min (15-43min). Incomplete blocking occurred in two cases(one IVC, one first porta hepatis), and tumor thrombectomy were completed with intraoperative loss. IVC invasion was confirmed intraoperatively in one patient and we staple-transected the IVC without reconstruction. Six patients were all transferred to the intensive care unit for median of 2.1 days (1-4 days) after surgery. The mean time of postoperative drainage was 5 days (4-9 days). Renal dysfunction occurred in 3 patients and liver dysfunction occurred in 2 patients, and all recovered after medical therapy. Postoperative pathological diagnosis revealed 5 cases of clear cell carcinoma and 1 case of renal sarcoma, and the 5 cases received targeted therapy. With a median follow-up of 27 months (3-54 months), 3 patients were alive, 1 alive with tumor recurrence, and 2 died of cancer.Conclusions:Robot-assisted laparoscopic retrohepatic IVC thrombectomy with a single position have the advantage of simple procedure, shorter operative time, less trauma and quicker recovery, and it is a feasible and effective method for renal tumor patients with retrohepatic IVC thrombus.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 103-110, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940698

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the intervention effect of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) on the renal injury of MRL/lpr mice based on the Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9)/myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)/nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway and explore the immunological mechanism of TGP in preventing and treating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). MethodMRL/lpr female mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into a model group, a dexamethasone group (0.15 g·kg-1), and high- (0.078 g·kg-1) and low-dose (0.039 g·kg-1) TGP groups, and female C57BL/6J mice were assigned to a blank group, with 7 mice in each group. Mice in each group were treated with corresponding drugs or normal saline by gavage at the same time every day. After 4 weeks, samples were collected. The kidney and spleen were weighed, and the organ index was calculated. Serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels in each group were detected by biochemical assay. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes in the kidney. The degree of renal fibrosis was evaluated by Masson staining. The serum levels of interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-α, IL-4, and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression of TLR9, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 in renal tissues was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of TLR9 and NF-κB p65 in renal tissues was detected by immunofluorescence. The protein expression of TLR9, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 in renal and spleen tissues was tested by Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed increased SCr, BUN, spleen index, and kidney index (P<0.05), deteriorated pathological injury and fibrosis in renal tissues, elevated serum levels of IFN-α, IL-4, and ANA, decreased level of IL-2 (P<0.05), and up-regulated TLR9, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 mRNA and protein levels in the kidney and spleen (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the TGP groups displayed reduced SCr, BUN, spleen index, and kidney index (P<0.05), relieved pathological damage and fibrosis in renal tissues, decreased serum levels of IFN-α, IL-4, and ANA (P<0.05), increased level of IL-2, and declining mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR9, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 in the kidney and spleen (P<0.05). ConclusionTGP may inhibit the expression of downstream inflammatory factors to regulate immunity and resist SLE-induced renal injury by regulating the TLR9/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway.

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