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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the influence of rs2910164 G/C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the miR-146a gene on its expression and susceptibility to gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Fifty three gastric cancer patients and six gastric cancer cell lines were selected for determining the miR-146a expression by Taqman quantitative PCR. A model was constructed to assess the influence of miR-146a overexpression on the growth of AGS gastric cancer cells. A case-control study involving 417 gastric cancer patients and 420 cancer-free individuals was then conducted, and the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the rs2910164 G/C SNP were compared. The genotypes of all subjects were determined by using a Taqman allelic discrimination assay. A Taqman assay was also used to quantify mature and pri-miR-146a transcripts among 65 gastric cancer patients with known genotypes.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-146a was down-regulated among the 53 gastric cancer patients and six gastric cancer cell lines. Over-expression of miR-146a has suppressed the growth of gastric cancer by inhibiting the G1/S-phase transition of AGS cells. The case-control study showed that subjects with GC/CC genotypes had significantly lower risk for gastric cancer compared with those with GG genotype. In addition, miR-146a G/C SNP has significantly increased the level of mature miR-146a in those with GC/CC genotype compared with GG genotype.@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of miR-146a may play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. The rs2910164 polymorphism of the miR-146a gene may reduce the risk of gastric cancer by influencing the processing of mature miR-146a.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Genotype , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923358

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical situation and related factors of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism, and to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism. Methods A total of 428 patients with abnormal glucose metabolism who were treated in the Department of Endocrinology of Tianmen First People's Hospital from March 2018 to March 2020 were selected, and serum FT3, FT4 and TSH levels were determined by automatic immune analysis system. Automatic analyzer was used to measure the levels of FBG, HbA1c, TC, TG, LDL-C and UA. A self-made questionnaire was used to investigate the basic information of all subjects, including gender, age, abnormal course of glucose metabolism, BMI and blood pressure. The survey method was combined with telephone inquiry and field investigation. Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for subhypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism. Results Among 428 patients with abnormal glucose metabolism, 89 patients were accompanied by subclinical hypothyroidism, including 39 males and 43 females, with an average age of (45.12±8.13) years. The prevalence of subhypothyroidism in females was higher than that in males, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.353 , P0.05). The serum TSH level in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed statistically significant differences in age, gender, abnormal course of glucose metabolism, BMI, BMI, FBG, HbA1c, UA, TC, LDL-C and SBP between the two groups (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that old age, high levels of FBG, TC, SBP and UA were independent risk factors for subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism (P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence rate of patients with abnormal glucose metabolism complicated with subclinical hypothyroidism is high. The biochemical indexes such as blood glucose, blood lipid, blood pressure and uric acid should be monitored regularly. The early regulation of glucose metabolism disorder is an effective way to prevent and treat subclinical hypothyroidism.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936152

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Enbucrilate/therapeutic use , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Humans , Microsurgery/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 139-149, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929189

ABSTRACT

The CD19-targeting bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab has shown remarkable efficacy in patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, several studies showed that blinatumomab has a short plasma half-life due to its low molecular weight, and thus its clinical use is limited. Furthermore, multiple trials have shown that approximately 30% of blinatumomab-relapsed cases are characterized by CD19 negative leukemic cells. Here, we design and characterize two novel antibodies, A-319 and A-2019. Blinatumomab and A-319 are CD3/CD19 bispecific antibodies with different molecular sizes and structures, and A-2019 is a novel CD3/CD19/CD20 trispecific antibody with an additional anti-CD20 function. Our in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments demonstrated that A-319 and A-2019 are potent antitumor agents and capable of recruiting CD3 positive T cells, enhancing T-cell function, mediating B-cell depletion, and eventually inhibiting tumor growth in Raji xenograft models. The two molecules are complementary in terms of efficacy and specificity profile. The activity of A-319 demonstrated superior to that of A-2019, whereas A-2019 has an additional capability to target CD20 in cells missing CD19, suggesting its potential function against CD19 weak or negative CD20 positive leukemic cells.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Humans , Immunotherapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928852

ABSTRACT

An absorbable hemostatic material based on polysaccharide was prepared. The concentration of blood cells and coagulation factors was increased by reducing the water content in the blood, so as to reduce the coagulation time and achieve the purpose of rapid hemostasis. The specific surface area of starch was increased by using hydrochloric acid to hydrolyze potato starch, which made it easier to combine with α-amylase and increased the degradation rate. Starch was crosslinked into microspheres by crosslinking agent, which made the particle size uniform and greatly improved the water absorption. The surface modification of crosslinked starch microspheres with carboxymethyl group can further improve the water absorption of hemostatic materials. The results showed that the water absorption rate of our hemostatic material was more than 800%, and the average hemostatic time in the animal model was 138.7s. Compared with the imported products on the market, our hemostatic material have better hemostatic performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hemostasis , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Starch/pharmacology , Water/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 94-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the use of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion in very preterm and extremely preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) in 2019, to explore the disparity between different centers, and to further investigate the rationality and standardability of non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study based on the CHNN cohort of very preterm and extremely preterm infants. All 6 598 infants with gestational age (GA)<32 weeks and admitted to the 57 NICU of CHNN within 24 h of life in 2019 were enrolled. Non-erythrocyte blood products included platelet, plasma, albumin, immunoglobulin, cryoprecipitate and prothrombin complex. Infants who received at least one type of non-erythrocyte blood products were defined in transfusion group. The comparison between infants with and without transfusion was done by t-test, rank-sum test or χ2 test as appropriate. Linear regression model was used to generate adjusted transfusion rate of each center, and to investigate the correlation between adjusted rate and center-level characteristics. Results: A total of 6 598 infants were enrolled in the study, with gestational age of 30.0 (28.7, 31.0) weeks and birth weight of (1 353±312) g, and 43.6 % (2 877) of them were female. Among them, 42.7% (2 816) infants were enrolled in transfusion group, with the times of transfusion as 3 (1, 6) times. Compared to the infants without any transfusion of non-erythrocyte blood products, those infants received transfusion had lower gestational age (Z=17.62, P<0.01), lower birth weight (t=18.64, P<0.01), higher proportion of small-for-gestation age (χ2=31.06, P<0.01), multiple birth (χ²=12.82, P<0.01) and intensive resuscitation in delivery room (χ²=287.52, P<0.01), as well as lower proportion of females (χ²=10.68, P<0.01) and even lower proportion of infants born in this hospital (χ²=78.23, P<0.01). Among the entire study population, albumin (25.4%, 1 674 cases), immunoglobulin (21.5%, 1 417 cases) and plasma (18.9%, 1 245 cases) were the most commonly used non-erythrocyte blood products. Overall, 60.4% (544/901) infants with gestational age <28 weeks received transfusion 4 (2, 8) times. A total of 39.9% (2 272/5 697) infants between 28-31weeks received non-erythrocyte blood products 3 (1, 6) times. The non-erythrocyte blood products transfusion rates of critically-ill and non-critically-ill infants were 62.2% (1 693/2 723) and 29.0% (1 123/3 875) respectively, and the transfusion times were 4 (2,7) and 2 (1,4) times. The transfusion rates varied significantly among different NICU, and the disparities remained obvious after adjustment (adjusted χ²=153.48, P<0.01). Conclusion: Near half of very preterm and extremely preterm infants admitted to Chinese NICU in 2019 receive non-erythrocyte blood products during hospitalization with significant disparities among different hospitals.


Subject(s)
China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 133-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the effect of the exposed bone cement technique combined with pectoralis major muscle flap in the treatment of chronic sternal osteomyelitis after coronary artery bypass surgery(CABS), and to summarise the clinical experience of staged surgery and comprehensive treatment.Methods:A retrospective analysis were carried out on 5 patients who had chronic sternal osteomyelitis and treated with exposed bone cement after the CABS from October 2017 to October 2020. Five patients(4 males and 1 female) met the inclusion criteria with a mean age of 65(range from 54 to 72) years old. Duration of all the chronic sternal osteomyelitis was 3 weeks to 3 months at admission. During the perioperative period, the general condition of the patients was controlled and systemic nutritional support was given. At the first stage, all patients underwent complete debridement. Then all the wounds were treated with exposed bone cement and covered by vacuum sealing drainage(VSD) to control the infection. At the second stage, bone cement was removed, and the dead cavity was packed with pectoralis major advancement muscle flap. Close attention was paid to the tension of wound, the patency of drainage catheter and the drainage after surgery. The wound healing, scar hyperplasia and complications were observed during the follow-up.Results:The suture tension was moderate, the drainage catheter was unobstructed, and a little liquid was drawn without turbid. All patients were clinically cured and entered follow-up for 6 to 15 months. During the follow-up, there was neigher recurrence of osteomyelitis nor sinus tract formation. No significant complication occurred at the last follow-up. The quality of life of the patients was significantly improved and all the patients were satisfactory to the treatment.Conclusion:Exposed bone cement technique combined with pectoralis major muscle flap is an effective method in the treatment of chronic sternal osteomyelitis after CABS. It has a good short-term treatment efficacy and is worthy for further clinical trials.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933629

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic value of circulating tumor cell (CTC) for colorectal cancer.Method:We analyze the correlation between CTC and clinicopathological data, survival curve and overall survival.Results:The positive rates of preoperative and postoperative CTC in 181 colorectal cancer patients were 66.3% and 65.7% respectively ( χ2=0.012, P=0.912). The postoperative CTC positive rates for recurrence and non-recurrence of stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer were 29.2% and 8.0%, respectively ( χ2=4.303, P=0.038). The progress free survuval of CTC-positive and CTC-negative in postoperative stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer patients were 28.7 months and 34.0 months, respectively ( χ2=4.096, P=0.043). Conclusion:Postoperative CTC detection has predictive prognostic value for patients with stage Ⅱ colorectal cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and white matter high signal and non-dementia vascular cognitive dysfunction in patients with cerebral small vascular disease (CSVD).Methods:Total 106 patients with CSVD who were admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College from April 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled.They were divided into vascular cognitive impairment no dementia group (VCIND group, n=47) and no vascular cognitive impairment group (N-VCI group, n=59)according to mini-mental assessment scale (MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale and activity of daily living scale (ADL). Serum VEGF levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The baseline data, serum VEGF levels, MoCA score and Fazekas score were compared between the two groups.The correlation between serum VEGF level and white matter high signal and cognitive function was analyzed.SPSS 19.0 software was used for data processing.The statistical methods were t-test, Chi square test, nonparametric test, Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There were significant differences in serum VEGF level((464.18±114.58)pg/mL, (414.17±45.80)pg/mL, F=22.880), MoCA score((13.07±6.48), (20.17±4.06), F=17.920) and Fazekas score (4(3, 5), 3(1, 3), Z=-4.189)between the two groups (all P<0.05). The level of VEGF( β=0.008, OR=1.008, 95% CI=1.001-1.015, P<0.05) was the influencing factor of cognitive function in patients with CSVD .The level of VEGF was negatively correlated with the total score of MoCA, attention and calculation power, and orientation ability ( r=-0.345, -0.373, -0.445, all P<0.05) and it was positively correlated with the total Fazekas score and the Fazekas score of paraventricular and deep white matter ( r=0.392, 0.495, 0.302, all P<0.05). There was a linear trend between the high signal grade of paraventricular and deep white matter and VCIND (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Serum VEGF level is correlated with cognitive function and white matter hyperintensity in patients with CSVD.The increase of VEGF level may be a factor reflecting cognitive dysfunction.In addition, with the increase of white matter hyperintensity level, the risk of VCIND in CSVD is increased.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 327-332,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of obstruction on the prognosis and possible mechanisms in colorectal cancer patients.Methods:Among 1574 cases of colorectal cancer who were treated in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2003 to December. 2014, 194 cases had preoperative intestinal obstruction. Firstly, described the clinical characteristics of 194 patients with obstruction, then COX multivariate regression analysis was performed on the 1574 colorectal cancer cohort to confirm whether the preoperative obstruction was independent predictor for the overall survival. Finally, propensity score matching method was used to match obstruction and non-obstruction cases, then compared overall survival difference.Results:In 194 cases of obstructive colorectal cancer, 60.3% and 37.1% of the tumors were located in the left and right respectively. The 55.7% of the patients had tumors larger than 5 cm in diameter, the median survival time was 39.7 months (95% CI: 28.3-60.4). Multivariate COX analysis, after adjusted for related confounding factors, found that preoperative obstruction is still an independent risk factor for poor prognosis ( HR=1.41, 95% CI: 1.01-1.97). After propensity score matching, 140 and 560 patients were included in the obstructive group and the non-obstructive group. The two groups were more balanced in most baseline characteristics. The median survival time of the two groups was 42.4 and 116.3 months ( P<0.001), the overall survival of obstructive patients was significantly worse than that of non-obstructive patients. Conclusions:Preoperative obstruction is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis of colorectal cancer. This may be due to the difficulty of surgery and low radical cure rate for obstructive colorectal cancer.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1137-1142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929494

ABSTRACT

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO)is an organ-specific autoimmune disease, which will cause a series of symptoms to significantly reduce the health level and life quality of patients. The pathogenesis of TAO has not been fully clarified. At present, there is a lack of unified and mature treatment scheme of it. Indeed, T-helper 17 lymphocyte(Th17)cells, regulatory T(Treg)cells and their imbalance are closely related to the immunological pathogenesis of TAO. It is currently believed that the cytokines secreted by Th17 cells can not only promote the inflammatory response of TAO and the fibrosis of orbital connective tissue, but also inhibit the adipogenic differentiation of TAO orbital connective tissue. In addition, Treg cells mainly exert immunosuppressive effect on TAO and delay the disease progression. At the same time, there is a dynamic balance relationship between Th17 and Treg cells, the imbalance of Th17/Treg cells can trigger the occurrence and development of TAO. This paper mainly expounds the influence mechanism of Th17, Treg cells and their balance on TAO, and analyzes the reasons for the differences between different research results, so as to provide some reference for the study of the pathogenesis and clinical treatment of TAO.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1722-1726, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942849

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the effect of flipped classroom combined with team-based learning(TBL)in ophthalmology practice teaching by applying directly observed procedural skills(DOPS). METHODS: A total of 54 students of clinical medicine “5+3” integration and clinical medicine for five years, interned at the department of ophthalmology from June 15th to November 14th, 2021 were divided into traditional teaching group(group A)and flipped classroom combined with TBL group(group B). The teaching effects of slit lamp microscopy and direct ophthalmoscopy in group A and group B were compared by DOPS score, and Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis.RESULTS: Total DOPS score for slit-lamp microscopy in group A was 59(58.00, 60.00)points,which was significantly lower than that of group B 63(61.00,65.00)points(P&#x003C;0.001). The DOPS score for direct ophthalmoscopy in group A was 63(61.00, 63.75)points, which was significantly lower than that of group B, 66(63.75,66.25)points(P&#x003C;0.001). In the two operations and especially in the aspects of “understanding of complications,relevant anatomical structure and proficiency in operation”“preparatory work” and “technical ability of operation”, the scores of group B was significantly higher than those of group A(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Flipped classroom combined with TBL has significant advantages in clinical practice teaching for interns in ophthalmology, which is worthy of promotion and application compared with traditional teaching.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1528-1532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940016

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the progress of binocular myopia with orthokeratology lens in different degrees of unilateral myopia in anisometropic children for 1a.METHODS:Retrospective case-control study. The data of 60 unilateral myopic anisometropia children, 8-12-year-old patients who fitted with orthokeratology lens in Xi'an No.1 Hospital from June 2018 to June 2019 were collected. The binocular spherical equivalent(SE)difference ≥2.5D was found in 30 cases in the high anisometropia group, and 1.0D≤ binocular SE difference &#x003C;2.5D was found in 30 cases of the low anisometropia group. The patients in the two groups were observed and compared after wearing lens for 6mo and 1a of the changes of binocular axial length(AL)and SE without-lens eyes.RESULTS: At the follow-up at 6mo and 1a, the growth of AL in the high anisometropia group with orthokeratology lens was less than that in the low anisometropia group(P&#x003C;0.001). The amount of growth of AL without-lens eyes and the growth of SE were greater than that in the low anisometropia group(all P&#x003C;0.001), and the shortening range of the binocular AL in the high anisometropia group was greater than that in the low-degree anisometropia group(P&#x003C;0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the anisometropia and the shortening of axial difference were correlated(F=0.293, 0.458, all P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: In anisometropia children with unilateral myopia, after wearing the orthokeratology lens, the progression in high anisometropia group was slower than low anisometropia after wearing the orthokeratology lens, but the progression of AL without-lens eyes and SE was faster than low anisometropia. Wearing orthokeratology lens can effectively reduce anisometropia, and the greater degree of the anisometropia the more binocular axial difference was narrowed, the more binocular axial difference was narrowed.

14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 442-458, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939877

ABSTRACT

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is one of the most dangerous hematological malignancies, with high tumor heterogeneity and poor prognosis. More than 60% of T-ALL patients carry NOTCH1 gene mutations, leading to abnormal expression of downstream target genes and aberrant activation of various signaling pathways. We found that chidamide, an HDAC inhibitor, exerts an antitumor effect on T-ALL cell lines and primary cells including an anti-NOTCH1 activity. In particular, chidamide inhibits the NOTCH1-MYC signaling axis by down-regulating the level of the intracellular form of NOTCH1 (NICD1) as well as MYC, partly through their ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome pathway. We also report here the preliminary results of our clinical trial supporting that a treatment by chidamide reduces minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients and is well tolerated. Our results highlight the effectiveness and safety of chidamide in the treatment of T-ALL patients, including those with NOTCH1 mutations and open the way to a new therapeutic strategy for these patients.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Receptor, Notch1/metabolism , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Angiolipomas are usually found in the subcutaneous tissue of the trunk and limbs. Spinal angiolipomas (SALs) are uncommon and have rarely been reported. We report a series of nine SALs patients who received surgical treatment in our department. To summarize the clinical characteristics of SALs, propose our surgical strategies, and evaluate the effects of the operation. @*Methods@#: This was a retrospective review of nine SALs patients who received surgical treatment from August 2015 to March 2020. Total or subtotal resection was determined by the axial localization (dorsal or ventral) and the extent of intervertebral foramen involvement. The outcomes were assessed based on the modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scoring system utilized before surgery and at various follow-up points. @*Results@#: Among the nine patients, the mean mJOA score before surgery was 6.6±2.3, compared with 10.1±1.1 at the last follow-up time point (33.4±11.8 months). All patients achieved good outcomes, even in cases of subtotal resection. @*Conclusion@#: Early surgical resection of SALs is recommended, and the specific procedures should be determined by the axial localization (dorsal or ventral) and the extent of intervertebral foramen involvement. Most of the patients had a good prognosis, even in cases of subtotal resection.

16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 160-174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878245

ABSTRACT

Vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) is the predominant cell type in the blood vessel wall and is constantly subjected to a complex extracellular microenvironment. Mechanical forces that are conveyed by changes in stiffness/elasticity, geometry and topology of the extracellular matrix have been indicated by experimental studies to affect the phenotype and function of vSMCs. vSMCs perceive the mechanical stimuli from matrix via specialized mechanosensors, translate these stimuli into biochemical signals controlling gene expression and activation, with the consequent modulation in controlling various aspects of SMC behaviors. Changes in vSMC behaviors may further cause disruption of vascular homeostasis and then lead to vascular remodeling. A better understanding of how SMC senses and transduces mechanical forces and how the extracellular mechano-microenvironments regulate SMC phenotype and function may contribute to the development of new therapeutics for vascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Biophysics , Cells, Cultured , Extracellular Matrix , Humans , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Phenotype , Vascular Remodeling
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1209-1214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878127

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The optimal treatment for large impacted proximal ureteral stones remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and potential complications of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) and retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) in the treatment of impacted proximal ureteral stones with size greater than 15 mm.@*METHODS@#A total of 268 patients with impacted proximal ureteral stones greater than 15 mm who received MPCNL or RPLU procedures were enrolled consecutively between January 2014 and January 2019. Data on surgical outcomes and complications were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Demographic and ureteral stone characteristics found between these two groups were not significantly different. The surgical success rate (139/142, 97.9% vs. 121/126, 96.0%, P = 0.595) and stone-free rate after 1 month (139/142, 97.9% vs. 119/126, 94.4%, P = 0.245) of RPLU group were marginally higher than that of the MPCNL group, but there was no significant difference. There was no significant difference in the drop of hemoglobin between the two groups (0.8 ± 0.6 vs. 0.4 ± 0. 2 g/dL, P = 0.621). The mean operative time (68.2 ± 12.5 vs. 87.2 ± 16.8 min, P = 0.041), post-operative analgesics usage (2/121, 1.7% vs. 13/139, 9.4%, P = 0.017), length of hospital stay after surgery (2.2 ± 0.6 vs. 4.8 ± 0.9 days, P < 0.001), double J stent time (3.2 ± 0.5 vs. 3.9 ± 0.8 days, P = 0.027), time of catheterization (1.1 ± 0.3 vs. 3.5 ± 0.5 days, P < 0.001), and time of drainage tube (2.3 ± 0.3 vs. 4.6 ± 0.6 days, P < 0.001) of MPCNL group were significantly shorter than that of the RPLU group. The complication rate was similar between the two groups (20/121, 16.5% vs. 31/139, 22.3%, P = 0.242).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MPCNL and RPLU have similar surgical success and stone clearance in treating impacted proximal ureteral stones greater than 15 mm, while patients undergoing MPCNL had a lower post-operative pain rate and a faster recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Retroperitoneal Space/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ureteral Calculi/surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of distal radius T-plate combined with suture anchor and distal clavicle anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to June 2018, 42 patients with Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures were retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, they were divided into the observation group (T-shaped plate combined with suture anchor) and the control group (anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor). There were 22 patients in the observation group and 20 patients in the control group. In the observation group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 70 (45.78± 14.44) years old, 12 cases on the left side and 10 cases on the right side, 8 cases of traffic accident injury and 14 cases of fall. In the control group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged from 24 to 66 (44.17±15.58) years, 13 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, 6 cases of traffic accident injuryand 14 cases of fall. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups, and Constant Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#The patients in both groups were followed up for 18 to 24 (20.96±2.02) months. The incisions of both groups were healed at stageⅠ. The fracture ends of both groups were bony healed at the last follow up. There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two methods can obtain satisfactory results in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures, especially suitable for patients with comminuted distal clavicle fractures or osteoporosis; the clinical effect of the treatment of NeerⅡb distal clavicle fractures with T type distal radius plate combined with suture anchor is satisfactory, which provides another feasible treatment scheme for clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888320

ABSTRACT

Nonspecific low back pain is closely associated with afferent nerve ingrowth into degenerated IVDs and increasing the inflammatory response. Members of the class 3 semaphorins signal their response through two prominent receptors; the NRP (Neuropilin-1) and the Plexin A. Sema3A (Semaphorin3A) is primarily known for their role in modulating neuronal survival as well as neurite outgrowth and guidance via regulation of Sema3A-NRP-1-plexinA signal pathway. Also, sema3A is shown to be conductive to innervate the inner painful degenerated IVDs (Intervertebral discs). Furthermore, sema3A is thought to act as a barrier to endothelial cells survival and migration on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibition of KLF5-induced (Krüppel-like factor 5) inflammatory mediators within degenerated IVDs. Therefore, Sema3A produce a new perspective of dual-action therapeutic agent for attenuating the regulator of innervation and angiogenesis into degenerated IVDs and inhibition of KLF5-induced inflammation.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Humans , Low Back Pain , Neuropilin-1 , Semaphorin-3A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 663-667, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884922

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases(AID)involves the inflammatory response of the human body, and inflammatory pathways are also shared by mechanisms of aging.Clinical observations of AID have revealed evidence of aging-related diseases in younger adults.This article reviews the literature related to research progress on AID combined with aging-related diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and osteoporosis, and briefly explains the underlying mechanisms, in order to promote interdisciplinary research between the two fields.

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