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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 86-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964290

ABSTRACT

Polymer self-healing is mainly based on the molecular structure and interaction of polymers, and some need external stimulation, such as light, heat, pH, etc. In recent years, many studies have found that the self-healing properties of polymers can prolong the life of materials, while maintaining the mechanical properties of polymers after healing. According to the different action modes of polymer materials, it can be divided into autonomous self-healing and non-autonomous self-healing. Among them, autonomous self-healing mainly works through reversible covalent bonds (Schiff base bond, Diels-Alder reaction, hydrazide bond), reversible non-covalent bonds (hydrogen bond, metal-ligand coordination bond, electrostatic interaction, π-π stacking interaction, hydrophobic interaction) and a combination of the two interactions. Drug carriers with unique self-healing properties play an important role in the encapsulation and stable release of biomacromolecules. In this review, the self-healing mechanism of polymers and their applications in the field of biomedicine were briefly summarized and discussed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 308-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971078

ABSTRACT

Rare diseases refer to a group of single diseases with low incidence rates, complex pathogeneses, severe disease conditions, and rapid progression. Most rare diseases have a genetic background and may occur in childhood. Paying attention to the rare genetic diseases in children and performing early diagnosis and treatment can effectively delay the course of disease and improve the quality of life of children. Many rare diseases can be diagnosed with the help of various experimental techniques, but the diagnosis of rare diseases is still not widely understood. This article summarizes the laboratory diagnostic techniques currently used for rare genetic diseases in children, so as to provide clues for the diagnosis and treatment of such diseases and help to enhance the theoretical understanding and precise medical treatment of rare genetic diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Rare Diseases/therapy , Quality of Life
3.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 474-487, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015724

ABSTRACT

Mytilus is a bivalve species with important economic and ecosystem value over worldwide. Mytilus antimicrobial peptides‚ with strong molecular diversity‚ has become a research focus. Two novel antimicrobial peptides were identified from Mytilus‚ with structural features that similar to arthropod defensins. However‚ the functional features and the immune mechanism of these two mussel defensins are unknown. For this reason‚ the two novel defensins‚ Arthropod like defensn-1 and -2 (ALD-1 and ALD-2‚ respectively)‚ were studied for the sequence features‚ expression profiles‚ and the dynamic expression pattern after different microbe induction. In addition‚ solid phase chemical synthesis technology was used for the synthesis of these two novel ALDs‚ and the function of synthesized peptides of ALD was verified. The results indicated that‚ two ALDs of M. coruscus have classical structure features similar to those of other arthropod defensins. These two ALDs are mainly presented in the tissues of mantle and digestive gland of mussel. The results also suggest that ALD-1 was expressed at higher levels in the gonads of males than in females (P<0. 05). The expression of two ALDs is developmentally regulated‚and both ALD-1 and ALD-2 were undetectable in larvae‚ but can be detected with high expression level at adult mussel with age of six months. The dynamic changes in the expression level of two ALDs after microbial induction were examined‚ and the results showed a marked increase in expression level observed in vivo for both ALDs. Interestingly‚ two ALDs showed different sensitivities to different microbes‚ indicating very complex responses during the mussel immune response. This observation strongly suggests the existence of different recognition mechanism or signal transduction pathway in mussels for the expression of ALD-1 and ALD-2. Moreover‚ both of two chemical synthesized ALDs showed significant antimicrobial activities against five tested microbes with an inhibition ratio of 20%-80%. These results provided basis for understanding the molecule mechanism of Mytilus immunology‚ and the function of novel Mytilus defensins‚ and thusly provided basis for the development of molecular resource for mussel antimicrobial peptides.

4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1132-1140, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of β2-drenergic receptor (@*METHODS@#A total of 143 children with asthma who attended the hospital from October 2016 to October 2020 were enrolled as the asthma group, among whom 61 children had mild symptoms (mild group) and 82 children had moderate-to-severe symptoms (moderate-to-severe group). A total of 137 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the two groups. The SNaPshot SNP technique was used to analyze the SNP and haplotypes of the @*RESULTS@#Polymorphisms were observed in the @*CONCLUSIONS@#SNP/haplotype of the


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2/genetics , Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
5.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 566-569, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the incidence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in cleft patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) after pharyngeal flap surgery (PFS) and explore the influence of operation age.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted in 82 cleft patients after PFS. The patients were divided into two groups according to their age at the time of surgery. The incidence and severity of OSA were assessed at least 1.2 years (mean 6.0 years) postoperatively by polysomnography (PSG).@*RESULTS@#The incidence rates of OSA were 20% in the adult group and 31% in the child group. No significant difference was found between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Some patients still have OSA average of 6.0 years after PFS, and operation ageis unrelated to the incidence and severity of OSA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Pharynx , Polysomnography , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/etiology
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 832-842, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821699

ABSTRACT

Heart failure is the end stage of many cardiovascular diseases. It seriously affects the safety and quality of life of nearly 40 million people worldwide. At present, the clinical and pathophysiological characteristics of some types of heart failure are unknown, and there is no effective diagnosis and treatment. In recent years, genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, proteomics, metabolomics and other omics technologies have been widely used in disease research, providing new opportunities for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. These strategies have also brought hope for the reduction in heart failure mortality. Based on the current status of clinical treatment of heart failure, this article reviews the roles and potential applications of these various omics technologies and their opportunities in the study of the pathogenesis of heart failure, clinical diagnosis and treatment, and related drug pharmacodynamics and mechanism of action.

7.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 375-381, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851407

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare water-in-oil gardenoside emulsion, optimize its formulation process, and evaluate the quality. Methods The formulation was optimized based on emulsification time, oil floating time and phase separation time, and investigated the optimal gardenoside emulsion by the single factor investigation and mixture design. The properties, stability, content, and in vitro release of the emulsion were also studied. Results The mean particle size of gardenoside emulsion was (5.48 ± 0.02) μm and the value of PDI was 0.125 ± 0.096; Centrifugation accelerated test was performed at 4 000 r/min for 15 min without delamination; The average mass fraction of gardenoside emulsion was 92.14% and RSD was 1.86% (n = 3); The in vitro release of gardenoside emulsions at pH 4.5, 6.8, and 7.4 was up to 105.32%, 98.41%, and 98.70%, respectively, while the in vitro release at pH 1.2 was up to 63.45%; Finally, the law of drug release was explained by fitting equation. Conclusion The high speed shear mechanical method can be used to prepare gardenoside emulsion, and the quality evaluation of the optimized prescription meets the requirements.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-162, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801710

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Jinlida (JLD) granules and Tongxinluo (TXL) capsules on type 2 diabetic kidney disease (DKD) under the guidance of vessel collateral theory. Method: A total of 120 patients with type 2 DKD, were randomly divided into 2 groups:the normal control group (60 cases) and the treatment group (60 cases). The patients in normal control group were treated with dietary control and hyperglycemia control. Based on treatment in control group, patients in treatment group were additionally treated with JLD granules (1 bag, tid), and TXL capsules (4 capsules, tid). The treatment was lasted for 12 weeks. The clinical efficacy, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome scores were observed and compared before and after treatment. At the same time, the levels of glucose metabolism indexes including fasting blood glucose (FBG),postprandial 2 h plasma glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the insulin resistance (IR); the levels of lipid metabolism indexes including total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C); the levels of renal function indexes including urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) and serum creatinine (SCr); as well as nailfold microcirculation were detected and compared. Result: ①The total effective rate was 80.0% in treatment group, significantly higher than 61.67% in the normal control group (PPPPPβ2-MG in treatment group was significantly obvious than that in the control group (PPConclusion: Tongxinluo combined with Jinlida can improve the clinical symptoms of patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy and reduce urinary trace albumin, and its mechanism may be related to lowering glucose, regulating lipid metabolism and improving microcirculation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 243-247, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of p38MAPK gene silencing recombinant adeno-virus on the expression of target gene in different time and to detect the effect of p 38MAPK signal pathway on the upper lip scar hyperplasia at different time to determine the optimal scar treatment time .Methods The adenovirus vector was injected into the scar tissue in 0 week ,1 week and 2 week after cheiloplasty in rabbit .The specimens were harvested in 3 week postoperatively .Four methods in-cluding Sirius red staining ,immunohistochemical staining (IHC) ,Western blotting (WB) ,real-time PC (RT-PCR) were used to quantitatively and quantitatively detect the relative expression levels of p38MAPK and scar-related factors (col Ⅰ ,col Ⅲ ,MM P1 ,TIMP1) .Results Sirius red staining and immunohistochemical staining showed that in 1st week the expression of col Ⅲ and MMP1 in scar tis-sue was significantly higher than that in 0 week and 2 week after operation and the expression of col Ⅰand TIMP1 was significantly less than that in 0 week and 2 week after operation .The results of WB and RT-PCR were consistent with that of IHC .Conclusions After injection into the upper lip scar tis-sue with adenovirus in 1 week ,the degree of scar hyperplasia is the least .

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 481-486, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new type of lightweight wearable lower extremity exoskeleton assisted robot system, and explore the feasibility of walking and posture change rehabilitation training for patients with gait disorder and with paraplegia under T4 spinal cord injury (exclusion of lower extremity muscle spasm and obvious pain). Methods:The active and passive hybrid wearable lower extremity exoskeleton assisted robot structure of the hip joint with two-motor active drive and the knee joint passive four-link simulating the instantaneous movement of the human body was designed. Based on modular control, the STM32F767IGT6 and peripheral circuits, attitude acquisition, power supply and crutches module control system were proposed. The exoskeleton robot was worn by a normal person to perform the experiment of leveling, slope and posture transformation and analyze hip/knee /ankle joint angles during exercise, and compare the myoelectric signals of the lateral femoral and medial femoral muscles. Results:The wearer could realize the sitting-standing posture change and the flat/slope walking only based on the exoskeleton robot system, and the hip/knee/ankle angles were basically consistent with the normal walking and the electromyographic signals of the lateral femoral, medial femoral muscle significantly decreased when the robot was worn while walking. Conclusion:The active-passive hybrid lower exoskeleton assisted robot system can still achieve the rehabilitation of walking and posture change while reducing the weight. This verified the feasibility of the assisted robot system with the active dual-motor of the hip joint and the passive four-link structure of the knee joint to help the patients with paraplegia and gait disorder to walk and recover.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 791-796, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779938

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to explore the influence of high-fat diet on the metabolism profile of feces and intestinal contents of golden hamster to provide new information for the mechanism of drug action. Twelve golden hamsters fed with high-fat diet and twelve golden hamsters fed with normal diet were used as model group and control group, respectively. Serum samples were collected from the normal group and the model group at 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the induction of high-fat diet. Serum biochemical parameters were measured in the control and model groups. The levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in model group were higher than the control group. After 8 weeks, the feces and intestine contents were taken. The intestine was divided into four sections:jejunum, ileum, cecum and colon. The changes of endogenous metabolites in intestinal contents were analyzed by 1H NMR based metabolomics combined with multivariate statistical analysis to find the significant differences in metabolites. The metabolic profiles of hyperlipidemia model group and control group were significantly distinguished by the othorgonal partial least squares-discriminate analysis, (OPLS-DA). Compared with the control group, the endogenous metabolites in feces such as amino acids, fatty acids, tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates and nucleotides related to intestinal microflora were changed significantly (PP<0.05). The data suggest that the intestinal microflora plays an important role in the development of hyperlipidemia in golden hamsters from the molecular level of metabolites. This result provides useful information for the clinical treatment of hyperlipidemia and development of hyperlipidemia drug.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 705-710, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701183

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the role of ginsenoside Rg1 in the growth of degenerative human lumbar nucleus pulposus cells(HNPCs).METHODS:Cultured HNPCs were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD)to mimic the micro-environment of degenerative HNPCs.The morphological changes of the cells in control group and OGD group were observed under optical microscope.The cells were treated with ginsenoside Rg 1 at concentrations of 25,50 and 100 μmol/L.The expression of collagen II and aggrecan at mRNA and protein levels was determined by real -time PCR and Western blot analysis.The cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay.The mRNA level of Ki67 was detected by real-time PCR.The apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry.The activity of caspase-3 was measured by a caspase-3 kit.The ex-pression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins was determined by Western blot.Furthermore,the expression of Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins,the cell viability and apoptosis,and the expression of extracellular matrix synthesis pro-teins were assessed after the cells were co-treated with LiCl and 100 μmol/L ginsenoside Rg1.RESULTS:Normal HNPCs attached on the cell culture plate faster, and were almost round with rich cytoplasm.However, the cell adherence was slower,and the cells were long fusiform with decreased cytoplasm after OGD treatment,indicating that the model of degen-erative HNPCs was successfully established.Compared with normal HNPCs,the expression of collagen II and aggrecan at mRNA and protein levels was decreased in OGD group(P<0.05),which was then increased after the cells were treated with ginsenoside Rg1 at 25,50 and 100 μmol/L(P<0.05).Compared with normal HNPCs,the cell viability and Ki67 expression were decreased in OGD group(P<0.05), which were increased after treatment with ginsenoside Rg 1(P<0.05).Meanwhile,the apoptotic rate and caspase-3 activity were significantly increased in OGD-treated cells(P<0.05), which were decreased after treatment with ginsenoside Rg 1(P<0.05).In addition,the activation of Wnt/β-catenin path-way was also inhibited by ginsenoside Rg 1 treatment at dose of 100 μmol/L(P<0.05).LiCl,a Wnt/β-catenin pathway agonist,obviously decreased the protective effects of ginenoside Rg 1 on OGD-induced cells(P<0.05),indicating that the Wnt/β-catenin pathway was involved in the protective effects of ginenoside Rg 1 on degenerative HNPCs.CONCLUSION:Ginsenoside Rg1 promotes growth and extracellular matrix synthesis of degenerative HNPCs through inhibiting Wnt /β-cate-nin pathway.This study will provide a new idea for prevention and treatment of degenerative HNPCs.

13.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 121-125, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710167

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth.and their biological activities.METHODS The ethyl acetate fraction of 80% ethanol extract from E.rutaecarpa was isolated and purified by silica column and recrystallization,then the structures of obtained compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral data.The antitumor and antifungal activities were determined by MTT and mycelium growth method,respectively.RESULTS Ten compounds were isolated and identified as rutaecarpine (1),evodiamine (2),1-methyl-2-undecyl-4 (1H)-quinolone (3),1-methyl-2-tridecyl-4 (1H)-quinolone (4),wuchuyuamide Ⅰ (5),wuchuyuamide Ⅲ (6),wuchuyuamide Ⅳ (7),β-sitosterol (8),β-daucosterol (9),dehydroevodiamine (10).Compounds 1,2,10 had certain inhibitory effects on MDA-MB-231,LoVo,A2780 and HeLa with the IC50values of 0.65-29.45 μmol/L.Compound 1 had a certain inhibitory effect on Botrytis cinerea,Glomerella cingulata and Rhizoctonia solani with the inhibitory rates of 18.12%-49.57%.CONCLUSION Compounds 3-7 are isolated from this plant for the first time,compounds 1,2,10 have strong biological activities.

14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 775-778, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of plate and lag screw fixation for treatment of Pilon fractures complicated with soft tissue injury via posterolateral approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2013 to June 2016, 25 patients with Pilon fractures complicated with soft tissue injury underwent open reduction and internal fixation via posterolateral approach. There were 15 males and 10 females, aged from 25 to 61 years old with an average of(39.6±0.2) years. Plate and lag screw fixation were used in operation. Healing of soft tissue contusion and abrasions in the ankle wounds and injuries were observed after operation. The Burwell-Charnley standard was applied to assess the quality of fracture reduction and the AOFAS Ankle foot scoring system(total score 100 points) was used to evaluate the clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 6 to 24 months with an average of 12 months. All operative wounds and soft tissue injuries were healed. According to the Burwell-Charnley standard, 22 cases obtained excellent results with anatomic reduction, while 2 cases were dissatisfied, and 1 case poor. The AOFAS ankle foot scores were 90.2±7.5 on average, with 20 cases of excellent results, 3 good, 2 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Plate and lag screw fixation by posterolateral approach in treating Pilon fracture complicated with soft tissue injury shows advantage of avoiding injury to the anteromedial skin and soft tissue, provides forceful fixation without further injury.</p>

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1163-1166, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663678

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore GRACE (global registry of acute coronary events)score on short term prognosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)in patients elder than 75 years with primary percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Methods: A total of 104 STEMI patients elder than 75 years with primary PCI in our hospital from 2011-11 to 2014-01 were studied. Based on GRACEscore at admission, the patients were divided into 2 groups: Lower/mid risk group, n=72 patients with GRACEscore at 112-154 (136.5±10.6) and High risk group, n=32 patients with GRACE score at 155-202(167.8±12.3). The baseline condition and outcomes were compared between 2 groups and the primary endpoint was 1 year mortality. Predictive value of GRACEscore on 1 year mortality was evaluated by ROC curve, the relationships between Lower/mid risk group, High risk group and clinical outcomes were assessed by log-ranksurvive curve andunivariate Cox regression analysis. Results: The area under ROC curve for GRACEscore predicting 1 year mortality was 0.788 with the sensitivity at 70.0%and specificity at 84.0 %.Univariate Cox regression analysis indicated that compared with Lower/mid risk group, High risk group had the higher risk of 1-year death (HR=5.75, 95% CI 1.486-22.256, P=0.0113); log-rank survive curve presented that High risk group had the higher 1 year mortality (21.9% vs 4.2%, P=0.0039). Conclusion: GRACE score may further distinguish the lower/mid risk and high risk populations in elder STEMI patients; it may also predict 1 year clinical prognosis.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 693-698, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the role of microparticle (MP) derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells and tissue factor (TF) carried by the MP in hypercoagulable state, and the effect of treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy/differentiating agents on procoagulant activity (PCA) of these MP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were extracted from 5 APL patients and 5 sex- and age- matched patients with iron deficiency anemia as controls. The cells were cultured in vitro for 48 h, then MP-rich culture medium and MP-free culture medium were harvested and MP was further obtained from certain volume of MP-rich culture medium. Subsequently, TF expression on MP was measured by ELISA. PCA of MP-rich culture medium or MP-free culture medium was assessed with thrombin generation assay. The role of TF on MP-related PCA was evaluated using anti-human TF antibody. In addition, APL cells were treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), arsenic trioxide (ATO) or daunorubicin (DNR) for 48 h, then MP-rich culture medium were harvested and the PCA was determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No TF expression was found in the MP released from bone marrow MNC in control group, whereas the obvious TF expression was found in the MP originated from BMMNC of APL. MP from both APL and control BM-MNC had obvious PCA. However, compared with the MP derived from control MNC, the MP from APL BM-MNC induced significantly higher PCA. TF played a crucial role in the PCA of APL BM-MNC derived MP, while played no role in that of MP from control MNCs. DNR-treating APL BM-MNC resulted in an increase in the PCA of MP, whereas ATO or ATRA exposure lead to exactly the opposite results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MP derived from APL BM-MNC posseses obvious PCA. TF plays a crucial role in the MP-related PCA. The PCA of MP increases after treating APL BM-MNC with chemotherapy agent DNR and decreases following exposure of APL BM-MNC to differentiating agents ATRA or ATO.</p>

17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 629-634, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287112

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of ligustrazine nanoparticles nano spray (LNNS) on transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)/Smad signal protein of rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMC) induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and the anti-adhesion mechanism of LNNS in the abdominal cavity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The primary culture and subculture of rat peritoneal mesothelial cells (RPMC) was processed by trypsin digestion method in vitro. The third generation was identifified for experiment and divided into 5 groups: a blank group: RPMC without treatment; a control group: RPMC stimulated with TNF-α; RPMC treated by a low-dosage LNNS group (2.5 mg/L); RPMC treated by a medium-dosage LNNS group (5 mg/L); and RPMC treated by a high-dosage LNNS group (10 mg/L). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was applied to test the expression of fifibronectin, collagen I (COL-I), TGF-β mRNA, and Western blot method to test the Smad protein 7 expression of RPMC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank group, a signifificant elevation in fifibronectin (FN), COL-I and TGF-β mRNA expression of RPMC were observed in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, LNNS suppressed the expressions of FN, COL-I and TGF-β mRNA in a concentrationdependent manner (P<0.05). The expression of Smad7 protein of RPMC was down-regulated by TNF-α stimulation, and up-regulated with the increase of LNNS dose (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TNF-α may induce changes in RPMC's viability, leading to peritoneal injury. LNNS could reverse the induction of fifibrosis related cytokine FN, COL-I and TGF-β, up-regulating the expression of Smad7 by TNF-α in RPMC, thus attenuate peritoneal injury by repairing mesothelial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Collagen Type I , Genetics , Metabolism , Epithelium , Metabolism , Fibronectins , Metabolism , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Particle Size , Peritoneal Cavity , Cell Biology , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Smad Proteins , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 395-397, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489648

ABSTRACT

18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) and bone marrow biopsy (BMB) have high consistency in the detection of lymphoma bone marrow infiltration (BMI).18F-FDG PET/CT has a high sensitivity to Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) BMI,while the sensitivity of indolent NHL is low.Since 18F-FDG PET/CT may appears false positive or false negative,so it can not replace the conventional BMB.We can carry out a BMB under the guidance of 18F-FDG PET/CT,which can greatly improve the detection rate of BMI.

19.
The World Journal of Men's Health ; : 173-178, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78769

ABSTRACT

Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common male sexual dysfunction that can have significant effects on a couple's relationship. Behavioral therapy and psychotherapy are both safe and effective methods of treating PE. Ancient Chinese fangzhongshu (sexual skills and methods), which reflects a summary of expert experiences in sexology, contains many therapies for sexual dysfunction that are similar to those used in behavioral therapy or psychotherapy. A brief introduction dealing with the latest definitions of PE and treatment strategies drawn from behavioral therapy and psychotherapy is provided. Typical therapies for PE from ancient Chinese fangzhongshu are listed and briefly analyzed in order to define their domain of applicability and instructions for use. Ancient Chinese fangzhongshu contains many effective and safe therapies for PE. It should be incorporated into modern medical practice after critical analysis, and its scientific aspects should be promoted as a way of improving reproductive health, both to benefit individuals affected by PE and to promote traditional Chinese culture. Based on an analysis of the condition of the individual patient, one or multiple therapies guided by fangzhongshu can be expected to have an effect on the patient. Ancient Chinese fangzhongshu is of great value and should to be popularized and applied as a remedy for PE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asian People , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Premature Ejaculation , Psychotherapy , Reproductive Health , Sexology
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1116-1120, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304764

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical effectiveness of sertraline hydrochloride combined with four-spot caress in the treatment of primary premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly assigned 90 primary PE patients to three groups of equal number. The patients in group A (aged [28.1 ± 5.2] yr and with a disease course of [3.1 ± 1.9] yr) were treated with oral sertraline hydrochloride at 50 mg qd, those in B (aged [27.8 ± 4.1] yr and with a disease course of [3.2 ± 2.0] yr) by four-spot caressing (caressing the tongue, breasts, and vulva prior to intercourse), and those in C (aged [27.1 ± 4.7] yr and with a disease course of [3.1 ± 2.0] yr) by the combination of oral sertraline hydrochloride and four-spot caressing, all for 12 weeks. Before and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment, we obtained the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) and Chinese Index of Sexual Function for Premature Ejaculation-5 (CIPE-5) scores and compared them among the three groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IELT was dramatically prolonged in groups A, B, and C after 4 weeks ([1.08 ± 0.29], [0.93 ± 0.28] and [1.21 ± 0.27] min), 8 weeks ([1.43 ± 0.30], [1.20 ± 0.33] and [1.72 ± 0.42] min) and 12 weeks of treatment ([2.12 ± 0.63], [1.90 ± 0.65] and [2.67 ± 0.82] min) as compared with the baseline ([0.63 ?0.14] , [0.60 ?0.14] and [0.62 ?0.11] min) (P < 0.05), even longer in group C than in A and B (P < 0.05). The CIPE-5 scores were markedly improved in groups A, B and C after 4 weeks ([15.17 ± 1.74], [14.57 ± 1.94] and [15.60 ± 1.63] min), 8 weeks ([17.13 ± 1.63], [16.37 ± 1.97] and [18.00 ± 1.05] min) and 12 weeks of intervention ([18.93 ± 1.57], [18.53 ± 1.67] and [20.00 ± 1.46] min ) as compared with the baseline ([12.57 ± 2.05], [13.20 ± 2.51] and [13.07 ± 2.01] min) (P < 0.05), even higher in group C than in A and B (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sertraline hydrochloride combined with four-spot caressing, with its definite efficacy and rare adverse reactions, deserves wide clinical application in the treatment of primary PE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Coitus , Ejaculation , Premature Ejaculation , Drug Therapy , Sertraline , Therapeutic Uses
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