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1.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 243-246, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981119

ABSTRACT

Dental erosion is characterized by progressively destroyed teeth, which has no relation to bacteria but to chemicals. Some internal factors, such as gastroesophageal reflux induced by bulimia, anorexia, gastrointestinal diseases, or drugs, and external factors, such as diet, drugs, and occupational acid exposure, are considered promotive factors for this disease. This article presents a patient suffering from severe dental erosion in the whole dentition, especially in the maxillary teeth, due to gastroesophageal reflux induced by glucocorticoid therapy for optic neuritis. This article discusses the mechanism between optic neuritis glucocorticoid therapy and dental erosion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 682-686, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the quality standard of Clinopodium gracile. METHODS Ten batches of C. gracile were collected to perform appearance and property identification, microscopic identification and thin layer chromatography (TLC) identification. Moisture, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and dilute ethanol extract were detected, and the content of rosmarinic acid was determined by HPLC. RESULTS The stem of C. gracile was slender, square columnar, covered by white fluff, the surface was grayish green or greenish brown; epidermal cells, non-glandular hairs, cortical cells and so on were seen in the cross section of the stem. Non-glandular hairs, ducts, wood fibers, mesophyll cells and so on could be seen in the powder. Results of TLC identification showed that there were spots of the same color in the chromatographic position corresponding to the chromatographic position of buddlejasaponin Ⅳb control. The contents of water, total ash, acid-insoluble ash, dilute ethanol extract and rosmarinic acid in 10 batches of samples were 8.69%-12.33%, 5.96%-13.33%, 0.14%-3.29%, 18.57%-32.61%, 0.35%-0.82%, respectively. The average values were 10.10%, 9.73%, 1.06%, 23.54% and 0.56%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established method can be used for quality control of C. gracile. It is preliminarily proposed that the ash content in the herb should not exceed 12.0%, the total ash content should not exceed 12.0%, the acid-insoluble ash content should not exceed 1.5%, the dilute ethanol extract should not be less than 18.0%, and the rosmarinic acid content should not be less than 0.45%.

3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 68-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964651

ABSTRACT

Background Mitochondrial dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) regulates mitochondrial division and plays an important role in maintaining hepatocyte function. However, the role of DRP1 in cadmium exposure-induced maternal liver damage in pregnant mice remains unclear. Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of DRP1 in maternal liver damage induced by cadmium exposure during pregnancy. Methods This study consisted of animal experiments and cell experiments. (1) Animal experiments. Mice at 14 days of gestation were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a low-dose cadmium group (LCd group: 2.5 mg·kg−1), and a high-dose cadmium group (HCd group: 5 mg·kg−1). The pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with cadmium chloride (CdCl2) for 6 and 24 h in the next morning. The weights of pregnant mice, uterus, maternal liver, and fetal mice were recorded after sacrifice. Serum and liver of pregnant mice were collected, the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum were detected, and liver tissues were stained with HE to observe changes in liver function and liver tissue structure. The expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and DRP1 proteins in liver of pregnant mice were detected by Western blotting. (2) Cell experiments. AML12 cells were treated with CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 0, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h. The expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins, DRP1, and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) proteins were detected. AML12 cells were pretreated with DRP1 inhibitor Mdivi-1 for 1 h and then CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 12 h to detect the expression of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins and DRP1 protein. AML12 cells were treated with Hif-1α siRNA for 48 h and CdCl2 (10 μmol·L−1) for 6 h to detect the expression of HIF-1α and DRP1 proteins. Results The results of animal experiments showed that cadmium exposure in pregnant mice had no effects on maternal liver weight and liver coefficient. However, the histomorphological changes and necrosis in hepatocytes were observed. Compared with the control group, the serum ALT and AST levels of pregnant mice in the LCd group were significantly increased after 6 h (P<0.05), and the levels in the HCd group were significantly increased after 6 and 24 h (P<0.05). Cadmium exposure during pregnancy significantly up-regulated HIF-1α and DRP1 expressions and down-regulated the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins in maternal livers. In vitro cell experiments showed that the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins was significantly decreased and HIF-1α and DRP1 protein expressions were significantly increased in the AML12 cells treated with CdCl2 for 6 h. Mdivi-1 pretreatment significantly antagonized the inhibitory effect of cadmium on the expressions of oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins in AML12 cells, while Hif-1α siRNA pretreatment significantly antagonized the up-regulative effect of cadmium on DRP1 expression in AML12 cells. Conclusion Cadmium exposure in pregnant mice may up-regulate DRP1 expression by activating HIF-1α signaling, then inhibit oxidative phosphorylation level of hepatic cells, and ultimately lead to maternal liver damage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 339-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of oral Etoposide chemotherapy in children with disseminated medulloblastoma (MB) after the standard treatment plan.Methods:The clinical data of 86 children with disseminated MB admitted in the Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to May 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The median age of children was 8.8 (3.0-16.7) years old.Among them, 33 children treated with maintenance chemotherapy via oral Etoposide were included in the chemotherapy group, and 53 children without oral maintenance chemotherapy were included in the non-chemotherapy group.The gender distribution, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular classification, postoperative mutism, M-stage and survival[progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)] of the 2 groups were compared.The main adverse events of oral Etoposide chemotherapy were recorded. Chi- square test is used for data comparison, Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve of disseminated MB patients, followed by the Log- rank test. Results:There were no significant differences in gender, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular typing, postoperative mutism and M-stage between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Of 86 patients, the median PFS and OS were 3.0 (0.2-6.3) years, and 3.6 (0.5-6.3) years, respectively.Twenty five cases (29.1%) relapsed, 13 cases (15.1%) died.The 3-year[(65.8±6.8)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] and 5-year PFS[(56.8±7.7)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.037). The 3-year[(81.6±5.6)% vs.100.0%] and 5-year OS[(71.2±7.7)% vs.(92.3±7.4)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.025). Among the children with the SHH subtype, the PFS of children with oral Etoposide maintenance chemotherapy after a regular treatment was significantly higher than that without oral maintenance chemotherapy (100.0% vs.57.1%)( P=0.021). The major adverse events of oral Etoposide were myelosuppression and gastrointestinal symptoms, which were mostly relieved after a symptomatic treatment.Treatment-related deaths were not reported. Conclusions:The prognosis of disseminated MB in children is relatively poor.Oral Etoposide for maintenance therapy after a standard treatment is beneficial in reducing relapse and improving the 5-year survival, which is well tolerated.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 456-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the material basis and mechanism of Linggui Zhugan Decoction in treating hypertension and obesity by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking technique.Methods:The TCMSP was retrieved and the main active components and action targets of Linggui Zhugan Decoction were screened. The GeneCards, OMIM, TTD, DisGeNET and DrugBank databases were used to screen disease-related targets of hypertension and obesity. The Cytoscape 3.9.0 was used to draw Chinese materia medica-composition-intersection target-disease network diagram. The STRING 11.5 database was used to draw PPI network. The cytoNCA plug-in was used to screen core active components and targets. The bioenrichment analysis of GO and KEGG was carried out in the R4.1.2, and the Chinese materia medica-intersection target-path diagram was drawn, and the core active components and core targets were docked in PyMOL and AutoDockTools 1.5.7.Results:A total of 102 potentially active components and 62 intersection targets were obtained, and 8 active components and 7 core targets were screened. Enrichment analysis showed that the key targets were mainly enriched through the signaling pathways of fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis, lipid and atherosclerosis, and AGE-RAGE, which were involved in biological processes such as the response to nutritional levels and the regulation of small molecule metabolism. Molecular docking showed that there were 37 groups with addinity < -7 kcal/mol.Conclusion:The main active components of Linggui Zhugan Decoction are quercetin, kaempferol and naringenin, which may play a role in fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis pathway, lipid and atherosclerosis pathway and AGE-RAGE signal pathway through AKT1, EGFR, IL1B and other targets.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 293-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation, and to evaluate the clinical efficacy.Methods:Prospective cohort study. A total of 92 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture after operation in Fangshan Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine from April 2020 to December 2021 who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups by random drawing method, with 46 in each group. The control group was treated with routine western medicine after operation, and the observation group was treated with self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. TCM symptom scores were performed before and after treatment, and the prognosis of the patients was evaluated with the Chinese Osteoporosis Quality of Life (COQOL), VAS scale, and the Oswestry Dysfunction Index (ODI). The levels of amino terminal propeptide (PINP), cross-linked terminal peptide β special sequence (β-CTX) and bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP6) of type Ⅰ procollagen were determined by contrast chromogenic method with o-benzaldehyde. The adverse reactions during treatment were recorded and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results:The total effective rate was 95.7% (44/46) in the observation group and 82.6% (38/46) in the control group, and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=4.04 , P=0.044). After treatment, the scores of fracture nonunion, pain in back and loin, chilliness and lassitude, and pallor in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.84, 4.09, 4.87, 4.14, respectively, P<0.01). The scores of COQOL, VAS and ODI in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 6.26, 10.57 and 6.15, respectively, P<0.01). The levels of PINP [(44.93±5.86)μg/L vs. (49.76±6.02)μg/L, t=3.90] and β-CTX [(0.49±0.17) μg/L vs. (0.68±0.20) μg/L, t=4.91] in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05). The level of BMP6 [(81.23±9.14) μg/L vs. (75.14±8.25) μg/L, t=3.36] in observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). During the treatment,the incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 13.0% (6/46), while that in the control group was 8.7% (4/46), and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=0.45, P=0.503). Conclusion:The self-made Bushen Jiangu Decoction combined with conventional western medicine therapy can adjust the level of bone transformation markers in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, improve the lumbar function and quality of life, and improve the clinical efficacy.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 329-333,C3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and analyze the reliability and safety of sham feeding in facilitating the recovery of gastrointestinal function after laparoscopic appendectomy (LA), by using a new device, the Artificial Intelligence Bowel Tone Monitoring System.Methods:The data of 100 cases in Shaanxi Provincial People′s Hospital from Dec. 2020 to Sep. 2022 with acute appendicitis operated by LA who met the inclusion criteria. In this prospective study, participants were divided by random number table into a control group and an experimental group, with 50 cases in each group. The control group performed routine postoperative LA care, and the experimental group performed routine postoperative LA care and sham-feeding state care. The age, gender, recovery time of postoperative bowel sounds, time of first postoperative anal discharge, postoperative nausea and vomiting, abdominal distention, dry mouth and halitosis, and postoperative abdominal pain and other complications were recorded. GraphPad Prism 9.0 and SPSS 22.0 software were adopted to conduct data organization and analysis.Results:There were 100 valid cases in this trial. There were no statistical differences between the two groups in terms of gender, age, duration of surgery, abdominal pain and other symptoms ( P>0.05). The recovery time of bowel sounds after surgery was (8.92±0.56) h in the experimental group and (10.55±0.88) h in the control group, which was statistically significant ( t=10.99, P<0.0001); the recovery time of bowel sounds after surgery was (20.10±0.50) h in the experimental group and (20.96±0.59) h in the control group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups ( t=7.84, P<0.0001); there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group (22%) and the control group (42%) for postoperative nausea and vomiting ( χ2=4.60, P=0.032); there was a statistically significant difference between the experimental group (16%) and the control group (52%) for postoperative abdominal distension ( χ2= There was a statistical difference between the experimental group (40%) and the control group (68%) ( χ2=7.89, P=0.005). The number of hospitalization days in the control group was (11.40±2.47) days and the days in the experimental group was (9.30±2.01) d, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=4.65, P<0.001); the hospitalization cost in the control group was (27 270.11±2 645.30) yuan and the cost in the experimental group was (23 669.68±2 841.28) yuan, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=6.56, P<0.001). Conclusion:To a certain extent, sham feeding can accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after LA, reduce the common postoperative discomfort, length of stay and hospital costs of patients.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2113-2120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the material basis and mechanism of expectorant and cough relief effects of the fruits of Phellodendron chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. METHODS The expectorant and cough relief effects of volatile oil and water decoction of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. were studied by ammonia water cough induction and drug expectorant model mice experiments; GC-MS and UPLC-MS technologies were used to identify its volatile oils and non-volatile components of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. The active ingredients, core targets and pathways of expectoration and cough relief were analyzed by network pharmacology. RESULTS The volatile oil (0.8, 0.2 g/kg, calculated by volatile oil) and water decoction (12, 3 g/kg, calculated by crude drug) of the fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. both had obvious expectorant and cough relief effects, and showed obvious dose-dependent relationship. A total of 38 volatile oil components were identified from the medicinal herbs, and the relative percentage contents of 8 components were greater than 1%, such as α -pinene, myrcene, β -caryophyllene, germanene D, isospathulenol; a total of 69 non-volatile oil components were identified, mainly including phenolic compounds, alkaloids, and flavonoids. The active ingredients screened from the identified components included 13 compounds such as α-pinene, myrcene, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, berberine. There were a total of 55 intersection targets with diseases, and the core targets were tumor necrosis factor (TNF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), serine/threonine kinase proteins (AKT1) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). The molecular docking results showed that the active ingredients and the core targets had good binding ability. GO functional analysis found that the targets were significantly enriched in biological processes such as the reaction affecting lipopolysaccharides, the positive regulation of peptidyl serine phosphorylation, and the positive regulation of the biosynthesis process of nitric oxide. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis found that the targets were significantly enriched in the signaling pathways such as cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, proteoglycans in cancer. CONCLUSIONS Fruits of P. chinense var. glabriusulum Schneid. have obvious expectorant and cough relief effects, and its material basis may be α-pinene, myrcene, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, berberine, etc., and mainly act on TNF, EGFR, VEGFA, AKT1, TLR4 and its significantly enriched signaling pathway.

9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 558-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986890

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 55-year-old man who was admitted to hospital with "progressive myalgia and weakness for 4 months, and exacerbated for 1 month". Four months ago, he presented with persistent shoulder girdle myalgia and elevated creatine kinase (CK) at routine physical examination, which fluctuated from 1 271 to 2 963 U/L after discontinuation of statin treatment. Progressive myalgia and weakness worsened seriously to breath-holding and profuse sweating 1 month ago. The patient was post-operative for renal cancer, had previous diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease medical history, had a stent implanted by percutaneous coronary intervention and was on long-term medication with aspirin, atorvastatin and metoprolol. Neurological examination showed pressure pain in the scapularis and pelvic girdle muscles, and V- grade muscle strength in the proximal extremities. Strongly positive of anti-HMGCR antibody was detected. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted image and short time inversion recovery sequences (STIR) showed high signals in the right vastus lateralis and semimembranosus muscles. There was a small amount of myofibrillar degeneration and necrosis, CD4 positive inflammatory cells around the vessels and among myofibrils, MHC-Ⅰ infiltration, and multifocal lamellar deposition of C5b9 in non-necrotic myofibrils of the right quadriceps muscle pathological manifestation. According to the clinical manifestation, imageological change, increased CK, blood specific anti-HMGCR antibody and biopsy pathological immune-mediated evidence, the diagnosis of anti-HMGCR immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy was unequivocal. Methylprednisolone was administrated as 48 mg daily orally, and was reduced to medication discontinuation gradually. The patient's complaint of myalgia and breathlessness completely disappeared after 2 weeks, the weakness relief with no residual clinical symptoms 2 months later. Follow-up to date, there was no myalgia or weakness with slightly increasing CK rechecked. The case was a classical anti-HMGCR-IMNM without swallowing difficulties, joint symptoms, rash, lung symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms, heart failure and Raynaud's phenomenon. The other clinical characters of the disease included CK as mean levels >10 times of upper limit of normal, active myogenic damage in electromyography, predominant edema and steatosis of gluteus and external rotator groups in T2WI and/or STIR at advanced disease phase except axial muscles. The symptoms may occasionally improve with discontinuation of statins, but glucocorticoids are usually required, and other treatments include a variety of immunosuppressive therapies such as methotrexate, rituximab and intravenous gammaglobulin.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Necrosis/pathology , Muscular Diseases/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 955-960, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985502

ABSTRACT

Peripheral precocious puberty(PPP),also known as puberty independent from hypothalamic-pituitary axis activation,is stimulated by hormones from other sources, with only partial sexual characteristics development but without mature sexual function. The secondary sexual characteristics development occurs before 7.5 years of age in girls and before 9 years of age in boys. Clinical manifestations are diverse, and PPP has varied etiology including congenital adrenal hyperplasia, McCune-Albright syndrome, ovarian cyst, adrenal tumor, ovarian tumor, testicular tumor, human chorionic gonadotropin producing tumor, familial male precocious puberty, aromatase excess syndrome, and environmental estrogen. Early identification of etiology, accurate differential diagnosis and prenatal gene screening play a significant role in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Child , Puberty, Precocious/therapy , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/complications , Aromatase
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953926

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of oleanolic acid (OA) on water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency and the mechanism. MethodThe 60 SPF Kunming (KM) mice were randomized into blank group (n=10) and modeling group (n=50). Through long-term living in damp place and irregular diet, water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency was induced in modeling mice. Then the model mice were randomly classified into model group, natural recovery group, and low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups. The mice in the blank group, model group, and natural recovery group were given (ig) 10 mL·kg-1·d-1 normal saline, and mice in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose OA groups received 50, 100, 200 mg·kg-1·d-1 OA, respectively. The intervention lasted 7 days. Before and after modeling and administration, the general conditions of the mice were observed and body weight of mice was measured. The water content in feces and tissues was detected with the oven-drying method, and water load index and organ coefficient were measured with the weighing method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed to detect the urinary D-xylose excretion, serum gastrin (GAS), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), interleukin-6 (IL-6), antidiuretic hormone (AVP), aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in renal medulla, and liver Na+-K+-ATPase. At the same time, OA was docked with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed withered hair, emaciation, laziness, bradykinesia, slow weight growth, infrequent spontaneous activities, high water content in feces and tissues, low weight loss after water loading, high coefficient of each organ (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, the model group had less urinary D-xylose excretion, lower serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, higher levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, lower expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in the liver, and higher expression of AQP1 in renal medulla than the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The three OA groups demonstrated better general conditions, faster weight gain, more frequent spontaneous activities, lower water content in feces and tissues, larger weight loss after water loading, and lower coefficient of each organ than the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, compared with the model group, the three OA groups had high D-xylose excretion, high serum levels of GAS, TP, ALB, and HDL-C, low serum levels of TC, LDL-C, AVP, and IL-6, high expression of Na+-K+-ATPase in liver, and low expression of AQP1 in renal medulla (P<0.05, P<0.01). The recovery in each OA group was better than that in natural recovery group. Molecular docking results also confirmed that OA had high binding affinity with ALB, IL-6, AQP1, and Na+-K+-ATPase. ConclusionOA can alleviate the abnormal water metabolism in mice with water-dampness retention caused by spleen deficiency, which lays a basis for its potential clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 2-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970702

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in the alteration of tight junction protein expression in choroid plexus epithelial cells created by lanthanum-activated matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) . Methods: In October 2020, immortalized rat choroid plexus epithelial cell line (Z310) cells were used as the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier in vitro, and were divided into control group and 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 mmol/L lanthanum chloride (LaCl(3)) treatment group. After treating Z310 cells with different concentrations of LaCl(3) for 24 hours, the morphological changes of Z310 cells were observed under inverted microscope, the protein expression levels of MMP9, occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) were observed by cellular immunofluorescence method, and the protein expression levels of MMP9, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase1 (TIMP1) , occludin, ZO-1 and Nrf2 were detected by Western blotting. The level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells was detected by flow cytometry. Results: Compared with the control group, Z310 cells in the LaCl(3) treatment group were smaller in size, with fewer intercellular junctions, and more dead cells and cell fragments. The expression level of MMP9 protein in cells treated with 0.25 and 0.5 mmol/L LaCl(3) was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) , and the expression level of TIMP1 and tight junction proteins occudin and ZO-1 was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the ROS production level in the 0.25, 0.5 mmol/L LaCl(3) treatment group was significantly increased (P<0.05) , and the Nrf2 protein expression level in the 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 mmol/L LaCl(3) treatment group was significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Lanthanum may increase the level of ROS in cells by down regulating the expression of Nrf2, thus activating MMP9 to reduce the expression level of intercellular tight junction proteins occludin and ZO-1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Tight Junction Proteins/metabolism , Occludin/pharmacology , Choroid Plexus/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Lanthanum/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/pharmacology
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 762-769, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970546

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effect of Ganmai Dazao Decoction on the ethology of rats with posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD) and study the related mechanism through the changes in magnetic resonance imaging and protein expression. Sixty rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely the normal group, the model group, the low(1 g·kg~(-1)), medium(2 g·kg~(-1)), and high-dose Ganmai Dazao Decoction groups(4 g·kg~(-1)), and the positive control group(intragastric administration with 10.8 mg·kg~(-1) of fluoxetine), with 10 rats in each group. Two weeks after inducing PTSD by single-prolonged stress(SPS) in rats, the positive control group was given fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule by gavage, the low, medium, and high-dose groups were given Ganmai Dazao Decoction by gavage, and both the normal group and the model group were given the same volume of normal saline by gavage, each for 7 days. The open field experiment, elevated cross elevated maze, forced swimming experiment, and new object recognition test were carried out for the behavioral test. Three rats in each group were selected to detect the expression of neuropeptide receptor Y1(NPY1R) protein in the hippocampus by Western blot. Then, the other three rats in each group were selected to use the 9.4T magnetic resonance imaging experiment to observe the overall structural changes in the brain region and the anisotropy fraction of the hippocampus. The results of the open field experiment showed that the total distance and central distance of rats in the model group were significantly lower than those in the normal group, and the total distance and central distance of rats in the middle and high-dose Ganmai Dazao Decoction groups were higher than those in the model group. The results of the elevated cross maze test showed that medium and high-dose Ganmai Dazao Decoction remarkably increased the number of open arm entries and the residence time of open arm of rats with PTSD. The results of the forced swimming experiment showed that the immobility time in the water of the model group rats was significantly higher than that of the normal group, and Ganmai Dazao Decoction hugely reduced the immobility time in the water of rats with PTSD. The results of the new object recognition test showed that Ganmai Dazao Decoction significantly increased the exploration time of new objects and familiar objects in rats with PTSD. The results of Western blot showed that Ganmai Dazao Decoction significantly reduced the expression of NYP1R protein in the hippocampus of rats with PTSD. The 9.4T magnetic resonance examination found that there was no significant difference in the structural image among the groups. In the functional image, the fractional anisotropy(FA value) of the hippocampus in the model group was significantly lower than that in the normal group. The FA value of the hippocampus in the middle and high-dose Ganmai Dazao Decoction groups was higher than that in the model group. Ganmai Dazao Decoction reduces the injury of hippocampal neurons by inhibiting the expression of NYP1R in the hippocampus of rats with PTSD, thereby improving the nerve function injury of rats with PTSD and playing a neuroprotective role.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ethology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Fluoxetine , Hippocampus , Maze Learning
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 40-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a rapid and nondestructive identification method for human body fluid stains and non-biological stains using three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy.@*METHODS@#The collected three-dimensional fluorescence spectrum data of human saliva, 3% blood, coffee and Fanta® stains were processed with dimensionality reduction. After wavelet transform, spectral denoising and feature extraction, the classification formula was established. The Fisher discriminant was used for spectrum matching and recognition to establish the analysis method to distinguish stain types.@*RESULTS@#According to the results of data training and comparison, all the recognition accuracies of Fanta®, coffee, saliva and blood were more than 91.39%. Among them, saliva reached 100% recognition accuracy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a potential method for rapid and nondestructive identification of biological and non-biological stains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/methods , Coloring Agents/analysis , Coffee , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Body Fluids/chemistry
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 177-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991279

ABSTRACT

This paper first summarizes the cognition and understanding of online teaching, then introduces the active design and practice of online teaching in Harbin Medical University, and fully comprehends the quality of online teaching through the feedback to teachers and students. Through the investigation, the research group found that there are problems in online teaching, including teachers' difficulty in applying the teaching platform efficiently, limited Internet speed and hardware equipment, insufficient understanding and attention of individual teachers to online teaching, insufficient interaction between teachers and students, and difficulty in carrying out experiments and practical teaching. In this regard, the research group proposed countermeasures to change online teaching concept, reform online teaching methods, improve the function of online teaching platform, and optimize online course resources in order to timely summarize the online teaching situation, improve the shortcomings and promote advanced experience, and ensure the quality of follow-up online teaching.

17.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 900-905, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005981

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the therapeutic effects of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) inhibitor and targeted drugs on fumarate-hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-d RCC). 【Methods】 RNA-sequencing was used to detect the mRNA expression in FH-d RCC tissues, which was further validated with real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. Human-derived FH-d RCC cell line UOK262 and murine-derived FH-d RCC cell line FH1-/-CL19 (CL19) were treated with LDHA inhibitor [(R)-GNE-140] and listed kidney cancer targeted drugs (Axitinib, Cabozantinib, Sunitinib, Sorafenib, Pazopanib, Everolimus) respectively, and then treated with LHDA inhibitor in combination with the targeted drugs to observe the alteration of cell proliferation. The combination index (CI) of different dose groups of the combination drugs were analyzed with CompuSyn software to determine the optimal combination regimen. 【Results】 LDHA inhibitor and targeted drugs, including Cabozantinib, Sorafenib and Sunitinib, had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of FH-d RCC cells, and the combination of Cabozantinib and Sorafenib or Pazopanib had a significant anti-tumor effect. 【Conclusion】 LDHA inhibitor combined with targeted drugs can significantly inhibit the growth of FH-d RCC cells, indicating that LDHA may be a potential therapeutic target of FH-d RCC.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 578-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004787

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To determine the best collection time period of plasma which can be used for human COVID-19 immunoglobulin for intravenous injection through SARS-CoV-2-IgG change and neutralizing antibody distribution against different virus strain in representative mixed plasma before and after Omicron strain infection by ELISA and pseudovirus neutralization test. 【Methods】 An ELISA method for quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2-IgG was established and its linear range,accuracy and precision was verified. SARS-CoV-2-IgG potency was detected in 25 convalescent plasma which were collected 20-40 days after confirmed Omicron infection, two groups of mixed plasma samples WP1 and WP2 were prepared according to the SARS-CoV-2-IgG results, and pseudovirus neutralization experiments with different virus strain (prototype strain, BA. 1,BA.2, BA.4/5, BF.7, BQ.1.1) were carried out to determine the distribution of neutralizing antibodies against different virus strain. SARS-CoV-2-IgG potency of representative mixed plasma collected from 14 plasma stations subordinate to the company before and after Omicron strain infection was detected, including Omicron convalescent plasma (OP) collected from different plasma stations from December 2022 to May 2023 and normal pool plasma (VN) feed in March 2023 which collected from March 2022 to December 2022. According to the results, the difference and the change rule with time of SARS-CoV-2-IgG before and after Omicron strain infection were analyzed. 【Results】 The linearity of SARS-CoV-2-IgG ranged from 6.25 to 200 EIU/mL, the accuracy in-batch ranged from 81.793% to 106.985%, the precision in-batch ranged from 1. 100% to 13.000%, and the total error in-batch ranged from 2.988% to 22.679%. The accuracy between batches ranged from 90.788%to 96.893%, the precision between batches ranged from 4.870% to 6.272%, and the total error between batches ranged from 9.192% to 15.399%. The results of pseudovirus neutralizing antibody showed that the potency of different virus strain neutralizing antibodies were in the order of prototype strain>BA.2>BA.4/5>BF.7≈ BQ.1.1>BA.1 and the correlation between WP1 and WP2 was high (Pearson r=0. 931 1, P=0.002 3) which indicated that the potency distribution of neutralizing antibodies of different virus strain in Omicron convalescent plasma was basically stable. Compared with the mixed convalescent plasma sample G128 collected in June 2022, the potency of Omicron neutralizing antibodies of WP series were significantly higher, the ratio of BA.2 antibody to prototype antibody increased from 26.9% (before infection) to 82.6%-87.5% (after infection). The results of VN series before Omicron infection were < 100 EIU/mL, and the results of OP series after Omicron infection showed that the plasma collected from the beginning of December 2022 was the peak of antibody in the same month,and then dropped sharply, entering a short plateau in February-March 2023 (potency was about 40% of the peak value),and then dropped sharply again in April (potency was about 20% of the peak value). 【Conclusion】 The potency and proportion of neutralizing antibody against Omicron subtype in convalescent plasma after COVID-19 Omicron strain infection increased significantly. IgG antibody of plasma donors in different regions reached its peak in the month of infection, then continued to dropped sharply. The best collection period of plasma that can be used for human COVID-19 immunoglobulin for intravenous injection was 1 to 2 months after infection.

19.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2412-2418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo build an evaluation index system for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) medicated diet, promoting the scientific and standardized development of medicated diet in TCM. MethodsThe framework of the evaluation index system was constructed through literature review and Delphi expert consultation method. The analytic hierarchy process was used to construct a hierarchical structure model. Pairwise comparisons between the indicators were conducted using the Saaty 1-9 scale method, and the weight of each indicator was calculated using Yaahp 10.3. ResultsThe response rates for the two rounds of expert consultation were 93.33% and 100%, respectively. The Kendall's W coefficients for the first-level and second-level indicators in the second round were 0.270 and 0.281, respectively (both P<0.001). Finally, an evaluation index system for TCM medicated diet therapy was constructed, consisting of 6 primary indicators and 27 secondary indicators. The weightings of the primary indicators were as follows: sensory appearance (0.1843), health value (0.3569), ingredient compatibility (0.1271), packaging (0.0370), production and preparation (0.1005), and reliability (0.1940). ConclusionA comprehensive and universally applicable evaluation index system for TCM medicated diet has been developed, taking into conside-rations of color, taste, appearance, efficacy, preparation, quality and others. This system can provide valuable reference for the evaluation of the value of medicated diet as well as its development.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2900-2908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999054

ABSTRACT

The modernization and development of traditional Chinese medicine has led to higher standards for the quality of traditional Chinese medicine products. The extraction process is a crucial component of traditional Chinese medicine production, and it directly impacts the final quality of the product. However, the currently relied upon methods for quality assurance of the extraction process, such as simple wet chemical analysis, have several limitations, including time consumption and labor intensity, and do not offer precise control of the extraction process. As a result, there is significant value in incorporating near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine to improve the quality control of the final products. In this study, we focused on the extraction process of Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike oral liquid (XXZOL), using near-infrared spectra collected by both a Fourier transform near-infrared spectrometer and a portable near-infrared spectrometer. We used the concentration of synephrine, a quality control index component specified by the pharmacopoeia, to achieve rapid and accurate detection in the extraction process. Moreover, we developed a model transfer method to facilitate the transfer of models between the two types of near-infrared spectrometers (analytical grade and portable), thus resolving the low resolution, poor performance, and insufficient prediction accuracy issues of portable instruments. Our findings enable the rapid screening and quality analysis of XXZOL onsite, which is significant for quality monitoring during the traditional Chinese medicine production process.

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