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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3379-3388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999072

ABSTRACT

To screen novel anti-dengue virus (DENV) NS5 RdRp enzyme inhibitors, a series of 5-cyano-2-thiacetoaryl pyrimidinone compounds were designed and synthesized by molecular hybridization method with HCV NS5B RdRp inhibitor 3jc and ZIKV NS5 RdRp inhibitor 4w as lead compounds. The anti-DENV activity of these compounds was evaluated by MTT assay and plaque assay and five compounds showed anti-DENV activity. The most active compound 7a'k showed better anti-DENV activity than that of the positive control ribavirin (EC50 = 7.86 μmol·L-1 vs EC50 = 18.07 μmol·L-1), and the other four compounds showed almost the same anti-DENV activity as ribavirin. Finally, the prediction and simulation of the binding mode through molecular provided new ideas for the further development of this new DENV NS5 RdRp inhibitor.

2.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 212-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995721

ABSTRACT

As the second largest vector of infectious diseases, ticks carry and transmit various pathogens that cause human infections and pose a serious public health hazard. In recent years, there has been an ongoing epidemic of tick-borne fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), as well as the occurrence of human infections by brand-new viruses such as Jingmen tick virus (JMTV) and Alongshan virus (ALSV) in China. This paper will review the advancement of disease clinical characteristics, laboratory methods of virus isolation, immunology and molecular biology of these emerging tick-borne viral diseases in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 306-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993741

ABSTRACT

Catheter-associated bloodstream infection(CRBSI) is one of the most common hospital-associated infections, and the incidence of central line-associated blood stream Infections (CLABSI) is the highest in CRBSI. This paper analyzes the current monitoring system of CLABSI in China, and compares the concept and method of National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) monitoring system, in order to make suggestions for the CLABSI monitoring system in China, and further improve the quality of medical safety.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962635

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of the therapy of dispelling stasis, removing toxin, and promoting urination (modified Linggui Zhugantang combined with Xuebijing injection) on the prognosis of sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM). MethodA total of 96 patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, with 48 patients in each group. The patients in the control group received sepsis bundle, and those in the observation group additionally received the therapy of dispelling stasis, removing toxin, and promoting urination (intravenous drip of Xuebijing injection and oral administration of modified Linggui Zhugantang). The course of treatment in both groups was 7 days. The disease and prognosis indicators [28-day mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, major adverse cardiac events (MACE), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, and mortality in emergency department sepsis (MEDS) score], cardiac function indicators [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), E/A ratio of peak velocity blood flow from left ventricular relaxation in early diastole (the E wave) to peak velocity flow in late diastole caused by atrial contraction (the A wave), E/e′ ratio of mitral peak velocity of early filling (E) to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (e′), and afterload-corrected cardiac performance (ACP)], myocardial injury markers [high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1)], hemodynamic indicators [extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI), cardiac index (CI), and systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI)], and TCM syndrome scores were assessed and compared between the two groups. ResultThe 28-day mortality and the incidence of MACE in the observation group were slightly lower than those in the control group. The ICU length of stay in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, APACHE Ⅱ, SOFA, MEDS, syndrome score of stasis-caused internal obstruction, E/e′ ratio, hs-cTnT, NT-proBNP, H-FABP, and HMGB1 decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), while LVEF, E/A ratio, and ACP increased (P<0.05). Moreover, the changes were more significant in the observation group (P<0.05). On days 3, 5, and 7 after treatment, the EVLWI and SVRI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), while CI showed an opposite trend (P<0.05). The observation group had higher GEDVI than the control group on days 3 and 5 after treatment (P<0.05). ConclusionOn the basis of conventional bundle therapy, modified Linggui Zhugantang combined with Xuebijing injection with the effect of dispelling stasis, removing toxin, and promoting urination can inhibit the generation of myocardial injury markers and improve hemodynamics to shorten the length of ICU stay, mitigate the TCM syndrome, and reduce the risk of death, thereby improving the prognosis of SICM.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1748-1754, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of gene polymorphism on the efficacy and safety of citalopram/escitalopram, and to provide evidence-based reference for precision medication. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang data and SinoMed, clinical studies about the association of gene polymorphism with efficacy and safety of citalopram/escitalopram were collected. Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan 5.3 software after literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation based on Newcastle-Ottawa scale. RESULTS Totally 35 pieces of literature were included, all of which were cohort studies, with a total of 9 836 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the SLC6A4 gene 5-serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region (HTTLPR) LL genotype was associated with high response rate of citalopram/escitalopram [LS/SS vs. LL: OR=0.47, 95%CI (0.22, 0.98), P=0.05]; results of subgroup analysis suggested a higher correlation in white people with LL genotype and escitalopram; there was no significant correlation of HTTLPR genotype with remission rate [LS/SS vs. LL: OR= 0.92,95%CI(0.77, 1.10), P>0.05; SS vs. LL/LS:OR=0.73, 95%CI(0.45, 1.19), P>0.05] or overall incidence of ADR in patients with gene SLC6A4; but high expression of rs25531 LA was significantly associated with reduced incidence of ADR(P< 0.05). CYP2C19*2/*3 allele was significantly associated with slowed metabolism, higher response rate and increased incidence of ADR. CONCLUSIONS HTTLPR LL genotype is associated with the increased response rate of citalopram/escitalopram, but no significant correlation with safety is found, while CYP2C19*2/*3 allele is significantly associated with higher response rate and reduced tolerability.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973758

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the polarized light microscopic characteristics, the composition of physical phases and their relative contents of Maifanitum from different origins, and to establish the Fourier characteristic fingerprint of Maifanitum powder crystals by X-ray diffraction(XRD). MethodA total of 26 batches of Maifanitum samples were selected, and the microscopic characteristics of the sample powders and grinding flakes were observed by polarized light microscopy under single polarized light and orthogonal polarized light, and the main phase compositions and their relative contents were analyzed by powder crystal XRD technique, and the XRD Fourier characteristic fingerprint of Maifanitum was established. The incident light source of XRD was Cu target Kβ radiation, the light tube voltage and light tube current were 40 kV and 40 mA, respectively, the divergence slit was 1°, the scattering slit was 1°, the receiving slit was 0.2 mm, the scanning speed was 5°·min-1 with continuous scanning and scanning range of 5-90°(2θ), and the step length was 0.02°. ResultThe polarized light micrographs of powders and grinding flakes of Maifanitum were obtained, and the main phases were plagioclase, potassium feldspar and quartz, and a few samples also contained illite, pyrite, iron dolomite, calcite, iron amphibole and chlorite, etc. The relative total content of feldspar phases was 61.9%-82.4%, and the relative content of quartz was 12.6%-33.6%. The XRD Fourier fingerprint analysis method of Maifanitum with 13 common peaks as the characteristic fingerprint information was established, and the similarity calculated by the mean correlation coefficient method was 0.920 9-0.997 7, the similarity calculated by the mean angle cosine method was 0.940 5-0.998 4, the similarity calculated by the median correlation coefficient method was 0.921 1-0.997 5, and the similarity calculated by the median angle cosine method was 0.947 5-0.998 2. ConclusionThe polarized light microscopic identification characteristics of Maifanitum are mainly plagioclase, quartz and potassium feldspar, and the technique of powder crystal XRD Fourier fingerprint analysis can be used for the identification of Maifanitum.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 503-513, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991161

ABSTRACT

Proteomic characterization of plasma is critical for the development of novel pharmacodynamic bio-markers.However,the vast dynamic range renders the profiling of proteomes extremely challenging.Here,we synthesized zeolite NaY and developed a simple and rapid method to achieve comprehensive and deep profiling of the plasma proteome using the plasma protein corona formed on zeolite NaY.Specifically,zeolite NaY and plasma were co-incubated to form plasma protein corona on zeolite NaY(NaY-PPC),followed by conventional protein identification using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.NaY was able to significantly enhance the detection of low-abundance plasma proteins,minimizing the"masking"effect caused by high-abundance proteins.The relative abundance of middle-and low-abundance proteins increased substantially from 2.54%to 54.41%,and the top 20 high-abundance proteins decreased from 83.63%to 25.77%.Notably,our method can quantify approxi-mately 4000 plasma proteins with sensitivity up to pg/mL,compared to only about 600 proteins iden-tified from untreated plasma samples.A pilot study based on plasma samples from 30 lung adenocarcinoma patients and 15 healthy subjects demonstrated that our method could successfully distinguish between healthy and disease states.In summary,this work provides an advantageous tool for the exploration of plasma proteomics and its translational applications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 379-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristic of a COVID-19 outbreak caused by 2019-nCoV Omicron variant BF.7 and other provinces imported in Shenzhen and analyze transmission chains and characteristics. Methods: Field epidemiological survey was conducted to identify the transmission chain, analyze the generation relationship among the cases. The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid positive samples were used for gene sequencing. Results: From 8 to 23 October, 2022, a total of 196 cases of COVID-19 were reported in Shenzhen, all the cases had epidemiological links. In the cases, 100 were men and 96 were women, with a median of age, M (Q1, Q3) was 33(25, 46) years. The outbreak was caused by traverlers initial cases infected with 2019-nCoV who returned to Shenzhen after traveling outside of Guangdong Province.There were four transmission chains, including the transmission in place of residence and neighbourhood, affecting 8 persons, transmission in social activity in the evening on 7 October, affecting 65 persons, transmission in work place on 8 October, affecting 48 persons, and transmission in a building near the work place, affecting 74 persons. The median of the incubation period of the infection, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.44 (1.11, 2.17) days. The incubation period of indoor exposure less than that of the outdoor exposure, M (Q1, Q3) was 1.38 (1.06, 1.84) and 1.95 (1.22, 2.99) days, respcetively (Wald χ2=10.27, P=0.001). With the increase of case generation, the number and probability of gene mutation increased. In the same transmission chain, the proportion of having 1-3 mutation sites was high in the cases in the first generation. Conclusions: The transmission chains were clear in this epidemic. The incubation period of Omicron variant BF.7 infection was shorter, the transmission speed was faster, and the gene mutation rate was higher. It is necessary to conduct prompt response and strict disease control when epidemic occurs.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Epidemics , China/epidemiology
9.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 63-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967942

ABSTRACT

The spectrum of biopsy-confirmed kidney disease varies with regions and periods. We describe the distribution of pathological types and epidemiological characteristics of kidney diseases in Northwest China due to regional differences in geographical environment, social economy, and dietary habits. Methods: Kidney biopsy cases from 2005 to 2020 in Xijing Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Pathological characteristics of patients in different periods were analyzed using the t test or chi-square test. Joinpoint regression was used to analyze trends in pathological types and disease spectrum. Results: A total of 10,528 eligible patients were included. Primary glomerular disease (PGD) accounted for the majority of the cases and exhibited an obvious downward trend, whereas secondary glomerular disease (SGD) showed an obvious upward trend. Among PGD, immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) remained the most common pathological type, and the detection rate of membranous nephropathy (MN) was significantly increased. Among SGD, Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) was the most common pathological type and may present a significant characteristic of Northwest China. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) exhibited the most obvious upward trend in the whole process, whereas the fastest growth since 2012 was in hypertensive nephropathy. Conclusion: The proportion of SGD increased whereas PGD declined. IgAN remained the most common PGD, and HSPN was the most common SGD. MN and DN showed the most obvious upward trend among PGD and SGD, respectively. Changes in the spectrum of kidney disease, especially the constituent ratio of SGD, pose a great challenge to public health.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 213-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965044

ABSTRACT

As the final resolution for end-stage lung disease, lung transplantation can not only significantly prolong the survival, but also remarkably improve the quality of life of recipients. In recent decades, with the advancement of surgical techniques, immunosuppressants and post-transplantation management, the quantity of lung transplantation has been surged around the globe. However, the shortage of donor lung has severely restricted the development of lung transplantation. It is necessary to develop innovative approaches to expand the donor pool. The number of donors and effective preservation and functional maintenance of potential donor lungs play a key role in expanding the donor pool. The quality of donor lung is a critical precondition to ensure the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients. Preservation and functional maintenance of donor lung are of significance for guaranteeing the quality of lung allograft. In this article, research progresses on the management and maintenance of donor lung before procurement, the procurement of donor lung and the preservation and functional maintenance of lung allograft were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the development of lung transplantation in clinical practice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1871-1878, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a training system for head and neck oncology nurses to improve the emergency response competency to recognize and response to acute and critical medical conditions.Methods:Based on literature review and semi-structured interviews with 12 nurses, two rounds of consultation with 15 head and neck cancer care specialists from 6 Tertiary hospitals using Delphi method were conducted to establish the training system for head and neck oncology nurses.Results:The authority coefficients of experts were 0.87 and 0.89, respectively. The coefficient of variation of each item ranged from 0 to 0.167. The coefficients of concordance ranged from 0.243 to 0.403 ( P<0.01). There was statistical significance after Chi-square test ( χ2 values were 14.60-436.64, all P<0.01). In the final training system, training aims included 5 first-level indicators and 16 second-level indicators; training contents included 5 first-level indicators, 16 second-level indicators, and 60 third-level indicators. Conclusions:The authority coefficients and the coefficients of concordance of the experts for the training system were both high. The training system can be applied to improve the emergency response competency of head and neck oncology nurses.

12.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 789-793, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) related lung injury.Methods:Fifty mice were randomly (random number) divided into five groups: the sham-operated group, SAP group and different doses (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg) of HSYA pretreatment group. Mice were pretreated with HSYA 24 h before SAP induction, pancreatic and lung tissues were isolated for histopathological examination at 72 h after modeling, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for biochemical analysis. Results:Compared with the sham-operated group, serum amylase activity, lung injury pathological score and BALF protein concentration in the SAP group were significantly increased [(2120.44 ± 354.50) U/L vs. (226.72 ± 20.84) U/L; (6.91 ± 0.28) vs. (0.53±0.18); (2563.25±348.22) μg/mL vs. (345.62±56.35) μg/mL, all P<0.05]. Inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were increased [(120.5±14.25) pg/mL vs. (31.5±4.82) pg/mL; (214.72±10.62) pg/mL vs. (39.26±5.66) pg/mL; (4.52±0.34) U/mg vs. (1.03±0.17) U/mg]. Compared with the SAP group, HSYA pretreatment significantly attenuated SAP-related pancreatic and lung tissue damage and the activities of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and MPO in BALF. In addition, HSYA promoted the expression of the antioxidant protein heme oxygenase-1 and blocked the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Conclusions:HSYA exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities to inhibit SAP-related lung injury, which indicated that HSYA may be a potential therapeutic drug for SAP-induced lung injury.

13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 685-697, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a highly invasive epithelial malignant tumor with unique geographical and ethnic distribution characteristics. NPC is mostly found in south China and Southeast Asia, and its treatment mainly depends on radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, NPC is usually found in the late stage, and local recurrence and distant metastasis are common, leading to poor prognosis. The receptor tyrosine kinase AXL is up-regulated in various tumors and it is involved in tumor proliferation, migration, invasion, and other processes, which are associated with poor prognosis of tumors. This study aims to detect the expression of AXL in NPC cell lines and tissues, and to investigate its biological function of AXL and the underlying molecular mechanisms in regulation of NPC.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of AXL in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues and NPC tissues were analyzed by GSE68799, GSE12452, and GSE53819 data sets based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to analyze the relationship between AXL and prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC). The indicators of prognosis included overall survival (OS), disease-free interval (DFI), disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free interval (PFI). Western blotting assay was used to detect the AXL protein expression levels in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line and NPC cell lines. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect AXL expression levels in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues and NPC tissues. Cell lines with stable AXL knockdown were established by infecting 5-8F and Fadu cells with lentivirus interference vector, and cell lines with stable AXL overexpression were established by infecting C666-1 and HK-1 cells with lentivirus expression vector. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the efficiency of knockdown and overexpression in stable cell lines. The effects of AXL knockdown or overexpression on proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells were detected by CCK-8, plate colony formation, and Transwell assays, and the effect of AXL knockdown on tumor growth in nude mice was detected by subcutaneous tumor formation assay. The sequence of AXL upstream 2.0 kb promoter region was obtained by UCSC online database. The PROMO online database was used to predict AXL transcription factors with 0% fault tolerance, and the JASPAR online database was used to predict the binding sites of ETS1 to AXL. Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the effect of ETS1 on AXL protein and mRNA expression. The AXL upstream 2.0 kb promoter region was divided into 8 fragments, each of which was 250 bp in length. Primers were designed for 8 fragments. The binding of ETS1 to AXL promoter region was detected by chromatin immuno-precipitation (ChIP) assay to determine the direct regulatory relationship between ETS1 and AXL. Rescue assay was used to determine whether ETS1 affected the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells through AXL.@*RESULTS@#Bioinformatics analysis showed that AXL was highly expressed in NPC tissues (P<0.05), and AXL expression was positively correlated with OS, DFI, DSS, and PFI in HNSC patients. Western blotting and immunohistochemical results showed that AXL was highly expressed in NPC cell lines and tissues compared with the normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cell line and tissues. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that knockdown and overexpression efficiency in the stable cell lines met the requirements of subsequent experiments. The results of CCK-8, plate colony formation, Transwell assays and subcutaneous tumor formation in nude mice showed that down-regulation of AXL significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion of NPC cells and tumor growth (all P<0.05), and the up-regulation of AXL significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NPC cells (all P<0.05).As predicted by PROMO and JASPAR online databases, ETS1 was a transcription factor of AXL and had multiple binding sites in the AXL promoter region. Real-time PCR and Western blotting results showed that knockdown or overexpression of ETS1 down-regulated or up-regulated AXL protein and mRNA expression levels. ChIP assay result showed that ETS1 bound to AXL promoter region and directly regulate AXL expression. Rescue assay showed that AXL rescued the effects of ETS1 on proliferation, migration and invasion of NPC cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AXL is highly expressed in NPC cell lines and tissues, which can promote the malignant progression of NPC, and its expression is regulated by transcription factor ETS1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice, Nude , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sincalide/metabolism , Transcription Factors/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 600-604, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of immersive scenario simulation training on improving the competency of infection prevention for health-care workers (HCWs).Methods:Taking the implementation time of immersive scenario simulation teaching training in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (August 2020) as the boundary, 352 new HCWs entered the hospital before the training (August 2019) were included as control group taking traditional teaching method, and 298 new HCWs entered the hospital after the training (August 2020) were included as observation group taking immersive scenario simulation combined with theoretical training. The mastery status of nosocomial infection-related knowledge and the implementation status of infection control measures (hand hygiene compliance, hand hygiene accuracy, correct personal protective equipment (PPE) selection, 100% of pass rate of PPE on and off, and qualified disposal of medical waste) were compared between the two groups of HCWs after theoretical teaching and different forms of practical training. The training effect (final assessment results) and training satisfaction (Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire, MSQ) of the two groups of HCWs were compared. SPSS 22.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The assessment results of the two groups of new HCWs trained by theoretical lecturing and immersive scenario simulation training were significantly improved compared with those just received theoretical lecturing, and the results of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group ( P<0.05). The implementation status of infection control measures after practical training were obviously improved in the two groups of HCWs compared to after theoretical lecturing, and the correct rates of PPE selection and all the procedure of donning and doffing PPE of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in the hand hygiene accuracy and qualified disposal of medical waste between the two groups ( P>0.05). At the end of training, the final assessment results and satisfaction MSQ score of HCWs in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Immersive scenario simulation teaching and training intervention is beneficial to improve the mastery of nosocomial infection knowledge of new HCWs, standardize their clinical infection control behaviors such as hand hygiene and aseptic operation, and finally obtain good training effect of infection prevention competency.

15.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 17-17, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929145

ABSTRACT

Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being's health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management of dental caries. So clinical difficulty assessment system of caries prevention and management is established based on dental caries diagnosis and classification. Dentists should perform oral examination and establish dental records at each visit. When treatment plan is made on the base of caries risk assessment and carious lesion activity, we need to work out patient‑centered and personalized treatment planning to regain oral microecological balance, to control caries progression and to restore the structure and function of the carious teeth. And the follow-up visits are made based on personalized caries management. This expert consensus mainly discusses caries risk assessment, caries treatment difficulty assessment and dental caries treatment plan, which are the most important parts of caries management in the whole life cycle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Prevalence
16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 449-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive efficacy of the established prognostic nomogram of rituximab in treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients with bone marrow infiltration.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 71 DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration who received first-line treatment with rituximab between January 2014 and June 2016 in Shanxi Province Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Progression-free survival (PFS) analysis was performed by using Kaplan-Meier method, and influencing factors of PFS were analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. The nomogram was drawn with R software based on independent influencing factors of PFS from Cox regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to evaluate the effects of nomogram models predicting the PFS of patients; Bootstrap method was used for internal validation of the model. A nomogram calibration curve was plotted to compare the consistency between the nomogram model prediction and the actual PFS.Results:The median follow-up time of all patients was 48 months (12-84 months), and the 3-year and 5-year PFS rates were 39.44% and 26.76%, respectively. Age > 60 years ( HR = 1.593, 95% CI 1.379-1.840, P < 0.001), Ann-Arbor staging Ⅲ-Ⅳ ( HR = 1.444, 95% CI 1.092-1.910, P = 0.010), international prognostic index (IPI) score 3-5 ( HR = 1.648, 95% CI 1.249-2.333, P < 0.001), complicated with type 2 diabetes ( HR = 5.880, 95% CI 1.645-21.023, P = 0.006) were independent influencing factors of PFS in DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration. The independent influencing factors of PFS were included to establish the prognostic nomogram model. Bootstrap method internal validation showed that the consistency index of the prediction model was 0.71 (95% CI 0.69-0.78), and the ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of 3-year PFS predicted by nomogram model was 0.708, 5-year PFS predicted by nomogram model was 0.716, indicating that nomogram model had a good degree of differentiation; and the calibration curve results showed that the 3-year and 5-year PFS rates predicted by nomogram model had a good consistency with the actual 3-year and 5-year PFS rates. Conclusions:The nomogram model constructed by age, Ann-Arbor staging, IPI score, complicated with or without type 2 diabetes could be used to predict the prognosis of DLBCL patients with bone marrow infiltration treated with rituximab, which is helpful for clinicians to implement treatment strategies.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1496-1499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness of situational simulation teaching in the clinical clerkship education of endodontics.Methods:Stomatology students from Batch 2015 of Xinjiang Medical University were selected and randomly divided into two groups, experimental group ( n=28), taking situational simulation teaching and control group ( n=27), taking traditional teaching. The SEGUE scale was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching methods. SPSS 21.0 software was used for independent samples t-test. Results:The theoretical results of the experimental group [(91.31±3.37) points] were higher than those of the control group [(87.93±4.28) points], with significant differences ( P < 0.05). According to the scores of SEGUE scale, the communication ability scores before and after teaching in the experimental group were (9.07±3.37) points and (21.86±2.47) points, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05); the control group were (8.85±3.43) points and (15.67±2.87) points, respectively; the teaching effect of the experimental group was significantly better than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of situational simulation teaching can effectively improve doctor-patient communication skills of medical students, thereby promoting the combination of theory and practice, and has a positive impact on improving students' clinical practice communication skills in the future.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 84-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940521

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect-enhancing and toxicity-reducing activities of astragalus polysaccharide injection (APS) on U14 cervical cancer in model mice receiving X-ray treatment. MethodU14 mouse cervical cancer cells were cultured in vitro and injected into the right forelimb armpit of Kunming mice for constructing a subcutaneous tumor-bearing model of cervical cancer. The tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into the model group, X-ray intervention(IR, 6 Gy) group, APS (10 mL·kg-1·d-1) group, and IR + APS group. Following the observation of the state, body mass, and food intake of mice in each group, the volume of the tumor was measured. The tumor cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry. The protein and mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins p53, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and cleaved cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed protease-3 (Caspase-3) in tumor tissues were assayed by Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultThe comparison with the model group showed that mice in the IR group had poor mental status and reduced mobility. The IR group and IR + APS group exhibited reduced food intake and body mass since the 8th d (P<0.05, P<0.01) and narrowed tumor volume since the 9th d (P<0.01). In the IR group, the proportion of cells in the G1 phase was increased, while the proportion of those in the S phase was decreased (P<0.01). In the IR + APS group, the proportion of cells in the G1 phase rose, whereas the proportion of those in the G2 and S phases cells declined (P<0.05, P<0.01). The apoptotic rates in both the IR group and IR + APS group were elevated significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the IR group and IR + APS group displayed up-regulated cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax protein and mRNA expression in tumor tissues, but down-regulated Bcl-2 and p53 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the IR group, the mice in the IR + APS group had better mobility and hair, normal body mass, and increased food intake (P<0.05). The tumor volume in the IR + APS group was reduced (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in the G2 phase was reduced, but the proportion of those in the S phase was raised (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was increased (P<0.05). The apoptosis-related protein Bax protein expression in the tumor tissue was up-regulated, while the protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and p53 were down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionAPS maintains the life state of U14 cervical cancer model mice treated with X-ray and promotes tumor cell apoptosis, thus enhancing the efficiency and reducing toxicity.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 181-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) on toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two mice were randomly divided into AOO group, AOO+5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group, TDI group, and TDI+5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group. Another 32 mice were randomly divided into AOO group, TDI group, TDI +5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group, and TDI +5Z-7-Oxozeaenol + Necrostatin-1 group. TAK1 inhibitor (5Z-7-Oxozeaenol, 5 mg/kg) and/or RIPK1 inhibitor (Necrostatin-1, 5 mg/kg) were used before each challenge. Airway responsiveness, airway inflammation and airway remodeling were assessed after the treatments. We also examined the effect of TDI-human serum albumin (TDI-HSA) conjugate combined with TAK1 inhibitor on the viability of mouse mononuclear macrophages (RAW264.7) using CCK8 assay. The expressions of TAK1, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and receptor interacting serine/threonine protease 1 (RIPK1) signal pathway in the treated cells were detected with Western blotting. The effects of RIPK1 inhibitor on the viability of RAW264.7 cells and airway inflammation of the mouse models of TDI-induced asthma were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#TAK1 inhibitor aggravated TDI-induced airway inflammation, airway hyper responsiveness and airway remodeling in the mouse models (P < 0.05). Treatment with TAK1 inhibitor significantly decreased the viability of RAW264.7 cells, which was further decreased by co-treatment with TDI-HSA (P < 0.05). TAK1 inhibitor significantly decreased the level of TAK1 phosphorylation and activation of MAPK signal pathway induced by TDI-HSA (P < 0.05). Co-treatment with TAK1 inhibitor and TDI-HSA obviously increased the level of RIPK1 phosphorylation and caused persistent activation of caspase 8 (P < 0.05). RIPK1 inhibitor significantly inhibited the reduction of cell viability caused by TAK1 inhibitor and TDI-HSA (P < 0.05) and alleviated the aggravation of airway inflammation induced by TAK1 inhibitors in TDI-induced mouse models (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of TAK1 aggravates TDI-induced airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness and may increase the death of macrophages by enhancing the activity of RIPK1 and causing persistent activation of caspase 8.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Asthma/chemically induced , Inflammation , Macrophages , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Respiratory System , Toluene 2,4-Diisocyanate/adverse effects
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 185-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928213

ABSTRACT

The shortage of medical resources promotes medical treatment reform, and smart healthcare is a promising strategy to solve this problem. With the development of Internet, real-time health status is expected to be monitored at home by using flexible healthcare systems, which puts forward new demands on flexible substrates for sensors. Currently, the flexible substrates are mainly traditional petroleum-based polymers, which are not renewable. As a natural polymer, cellulose, owing to its wide range of sources, convenient processing, biodegradability and so on, is an ideal alternative. In this review, the application progress of nanocellulose in flexible sensors is summarized. The structure and the modification methods of cellulose and nanocellulose are introduced at first, and then the application of nanocellulose flexible sensors in real-time medical monitoring is summarized. Finally, the advantages and future challenges of nanocellulose in the field of flexible sensors are discussed.


Subject(s)
Cellulose/chemistry , Hydrogels/chemistry , Polymers
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