Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 122
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 607-612, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012949

ABSTRACT

The construction of clinical application and ethics committee of human organ transplantation technology is constantly improving in China. The review of clinical application and ethics committee of human organ transplantation technology should follow the principle of prudence, with high requirements for timeliness and cumbersome preparation, and living organ transplantation needs to weigh the risk benefit ratio of both donors and recipients. According to the problems often existing in China’s clinical application and ethics committee of human organ transplantation technology, such as lack of supervision and guidance, lack of unified standard operating procedures, insufficient attention to the rights and interests of organ donors after citizens’death, the difficulties to judge and implement of brain death, lack of psychological assessment requirements and procedures, inadequate informed consent, etc. It can be solved from the following aspects: ensuring the independence of ethical review, strengthening the risk benefit ratio assessment of both donors and recipients of living organ transplantation, standardizing the review content, strictly implementing informed consent and medical psychological assessment to reduce the risks of both sides, enriching review methods to ensure timeliness, and strengthening the ethical review and supervision of organ donation.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 113-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959028

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological features of recurrent and de novo focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) after kidney transplantation. Methods Thirty-four recipients pathologically diagnosed with FSGS by renal allograft biopsy were enrolled in this clinical trial. According to the detection of primary diseases of renal allografts and circulating permeability factors, 34 recipients were divided into the recurrent FSGS group (n=12) and de novo FSGS group (n=22). The differences of clinical indexes and the degree of pathological injury of renal allografts were compared between two groups. Results There was no significant difference in the mesangial hyperplasia score, glomerulosclerosis rate, renal tubular atrophy score, interstitial fibrosis score and podocyte proliferation rate between two groups (all P > 0.05). In the recurrent FSGS group, segmental glomerulosclerosis rate of the recipients was 0.10 (0.08, 0.27), lower than 0.19 (0.13, 0.33) in the de novo FSGS group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found in the incidence of antibody-mediated rejection, drug-induced renal tubular injury and BK virus infection between two groups (all P > 0.05). The incidence of T cell-mediated rejection in the recurrent FSGS group was 17%, lower than 55% in the de novo FSGS group (P < 0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the infiltrating inflammatory cells in the renal allografts were mainly T lymphocytes. The positive rates of C4d deposition in peripheral capillaries between the recurrent and de novo FSGS groups were 33% (4/12) and 32% (7/22), with no significant difference (P > 0.05). Immunofluorescence results revealed IgM deposition in the segmental glomerulosclerosis area of renal allografts in most cases. Electron microscopy showed extensive fusion or segmental distribution of podocytes in the glomerulus of renal allografts. Conclusions The degree of renal functional injury and the incidence of T cell-mediated rejection in the recurrent FSGS group are lower than those in the de novo FSGS group. Comprehensive analysis of preoperative and postoperative clinical manifestations, laboratory testing and pathological examination of kidney transplant recipients contribute to early diagnosis and treatment of recurrent and de novo FSGS.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 83-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959024

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify M1 macrophage-related genes in rejection after kidney transplantation and construct a risk prediction model for renal allograft survival. Methods GSE36059 and GSE21374 datasets after kidney transplantation were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. GSE36059 dataset included the samples from the recipients with rejection and stable allografts. Using this dataset, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and differential analysis were conducted to screen the M1 macrophage-related differentially expressed gene (M1-DEG). Then, GSE21374 dataset (including the follow-up data of graft loss) was divided into the training set and validation set according to a ratio of 7∶3. In the training set, a multivariate Cox's model was constructed using the variables screened by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), and the ability of this model to predict allograft survival was evaluated. CIBERSORT was employed to analyze the differences of infiltrated immune cells between the high-risk group and low-risk group, and the distribution of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-related genes was analyzed between two groups. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to further clarify the biological process and pathway enrichment in the high-risk group. Finally, the database was employed to predict the microRNA (miRNA) interacting with the prognostic genes. Results In the GSE36059 dataset, 14 M1-DEG were screened. In the GSE21374 dataset, Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8), Fc gamma receptor 1B (FCGR1B), BCL2 related protein A1 (BCL2A1), cathepsin S (CTSS), guanylate binding protein 2(GBP2) and caspase recruitment domain family member 16 (CARD16) were screened by LASSO-Cox regression analysis, and a multivariate Cox's model was constructed based on these 6 M1-DEG. The area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic of this model for predicting the 1- and 3-year graft survival was 0.918 and 0.877 in the training set, and 0.765 and 0.736 in the validation set, respectively. Immune cell infiltration analysis showed that the infiltration of rest and activated CD4+ memory T cells, γδT cells and M1 macrophages were increased in the high-risk group (all P < 0.05). The expression level of HLA I gene was up-regulated in the high-risk group. GSEA analysis suggested that immune response and graft rejection were enriched in the high-risk group. CTSS interacted with 8 miRNA, BCL2A1 and GBP2 interacted with 3 miRNA, and FCGR1B interacted with 1 miRNA. Conclusions The prognostic risk model based on 6 M1-DEG has high performance in predicting graft survival, which may provide evidence for early interventions for high-risk recipients.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 963-966, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973786

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma complicated with cataract.METHODS: A total of 53 patients(60 eyes)with primary acute angle closure glaucoma complicated with cataract admitted to our hospital from April 2020 to February 2021 were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the surgical method, with 28 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with femtosecond laser-assisted phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group A, and 25 cases(30 eyes)who were treated with traditional cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in group B. The effective phacoemulsification time(EPT)and cumulative dissipated energy(CDE)during surgery in two groups were recorded. Patients were followed up to 3mo after surgery, and the intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth(ACD), best corrected visual acuity, corneal endothelial cell loss rate(ECL)and surgical complications were observed in both groups.RESULTS: The postoperative intraocular pressure was significantly decreased and ACD was significantly increased(all P&#x003C;0.05), and there was no difference between the two groups(all P&#x003E;0.05). The postoperative best corrected visual acuity of the two groups was significantly better than that before surgery(P&#x003C;0.05), and group A was significantly better than group B at 1d after surgery(P&#x003C;0.05). The EPT, CDE, ECL and incidence of complications(7% vs. 27%)in group A were significantly lower than those in group B(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract phacoemulsification combined with goniosynechialysis in the treatment of primary acute angle-closure glaucoma combined with cataract has a significant therapeutic effect, which can effectively improve surgical safety, reduce the rate of corneal endothelial cell loss, and have fewer complications.

5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 153-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between early-life factors (including birth weight, method of birth, gestational age, and history of gestational metabolic disorders) and pubertal timing in girls.@*METHODS@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select the girls in grades 2-3 and 7-8 from three primary schools and three middle schools in Guangzhou, China from March to December, 2019, and breast development was examined for all girls. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the information on early-life factors. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association of gestational metabolic disorders, birth weight, method of birth, and gestational age with pubertal timing in girls. The Bootstrap method was used to assess the mediation effect of body mass index (BMI) (Z score) between high birth weight (≥4 000 g) and pubertal timing.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 665 girls were enrolled, among whom 280 (16.82%) were judged to have early pubertal timing. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high birth weight was associated with the increased risk of early pubertal timing (OR=2.12, 95%CI: 1.19-3.66, P=0.008). Nevertheless, no significant association was observed between other early-life factors and pubertal timing (P>0.05). The OR for the mediation effect of BMI (Z score) between high birth weight and early pubertal timing was 1.25 (95%CI: 1.09-1.47), accounting for 29.33% of the total effect of high birth weight on early pubertal timing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#High birth weight is associated with the increased risk of early pubertal timing in girls, and overweight/obesity may play a partial mediating role in the association between high birth weight and early pubertal timing in girls.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Birth Weight , Body Mass Index , China , Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Puberty, Precocious
6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 194-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965041

ABSTRACT

The hosts could show complex and diverse immune responses to the allografts. Whether biomarkers can be employed to explain the complexity of graft immune responses and the degree of disease damage are of significance. Conventional biomarkers, such as estimated glomerular filtration rate and blood concenrtation of immunosuppressant, lack of sensitivity and specificity in accurately identifying between immune and non-immune renal allograft injuries. Although renal biopsy is the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of postoperative complications, it still has disadvantages, such as invasiveness and high price, etc. Emerging biomarkers have potential advantages in the non-invasive diagnosis of subclinical injury of renal allograft, prediction of treatment response and individualized adjustment of immunosuppressive regimen. In this article, emerging biomarkers including blood, urine and tissue biomarkers that have been applied and are expected to be applied in clinical practice in the field of kidney transplantation were reviewed, and the range of application and effect of these biomarkers were evaluated, aiming to promote appropriate and rational application of these promising emerging biomarkers in clinical practice.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 9-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964303

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. It is very hard to treat pancreatic cancers for their high heterogeneity, complex tumor microenvironment, and drug resistance. Currently, gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel, capecitabine and FOLFIRINOX are standard chemotherapy for resectable or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancer. Considering the limited efficacy and toxic side effects of chemotherapy, targeted and immune drugs have gradually attracted attention and made some progress. In this article, we systematically reviewed the chemotherapeutic drugs, targets and related targeted drugs, and immunotherapy drugs for pancreatic cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994674

ABSTRACT

Protocol biopsy (PB) is a planned needle biopsy of transplanted kidney and pathological observation for timely diagnosing the potential complications in transplanted kidney and guiding clinical interventions and adjusting immunosuppression regimen before an onset of dysfunction of transplanted kidney.With accurate information, it may grasp the baseline data of transplanted kidney histopathology.If detected early, timely measures may avert the existence of subclinical rejection or viral infection, avoid inflammation or injury and prevent various complications to ensure a better prognosis of transplanted kidney.At the same time, it is imperative to recognize the disadvantages of procedural biopsy, such as invasiveness, time consuming, greater patient discomfort and medical expenditure.This review focused upon the advantages and disadvantages of PB and its clinical application value.In light of the latest advances of clinical researches, favorable factors of PB are optimized for better long-term functional survival of transplanted kidney.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 777-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005666

ABSTRACT

As an important biological resource of a country or region, human genetic resources (HGR) are increasingly attracting attention and concern from many countries internationally, and even have been elevated to the dimension of national sovereignty by many countries. As a large country with rich and diverse HGR, relevant regulatory work in China started relatively late compared to foreign countries, but has developed rapidly. However, looking around the world, there is still room for further improvement and development of domestic HGR regulation. By reviewing the regulatory legislation of HGR in some countries abroad, this paper sorted out their advanced experience and highlighted measures in detail, and summarized their deep-seated legislative guidance. A detailed analysis and evaluation were conducted from seven aspects:the advanced level of HGR legislation and the enhancement of legal effectiveness, the systematization and systematization of policies and regulations, the unification of platforms and relevant standards, the highlight of the concept of ethics and the rule of law, the strengthening of anti-discrimination protection, the special protection of major human genetic family resources and national special protection areas of HGR, and the establishment of principled consensus or agreement on HGR in international and local regions, to provide reference for the construction of regulatory policies and legal systems for HGR in China.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 33-40, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005477

ABSTRACT

With the change of medical technology from "access management" to "filing management" in China, it is necessary for medical institutions, as the main responsibility, to pass standardized ethical review and supervision. However, there are many problems at present, such as the absence of regulations and guidelines for ethical review of clinical application of medical technology, the lack law of medical technology ethical review standard operating procedures, the insufficient review capacity, the lack of standardization in the choice of ethical review methods, the elements of informed consent and its examination need to be discussed, the lack of appropriate continuing review mode, as well as the confirmation of technical team members and department qualifications is not clearly defined. In order to safeguard the safety and rights of patients, it is important to take the following measures, including carrying out the whole-process supervision of medical institutions, clarifying the supervision process, improving the multi-departmental communication and cooperation mechanism, establishing a management committee for clinical application of medical technology, standardizing the review system of the medical technology ethics committee, clarifying submit the list of materials for ethical review, implementing classified ethical review and supervision to improve efficiency, exploring the tracking review mode, ensuring the whole-process supervision, and carrying out popular and professional ethics training. In the review of ethics committee, more attention should be paid to the main points of review, such as technical scheme, informed consent, qualifications of technical team members and departments, management system, risk assessment and emergency plan, patient compensation and other materials. While ensuring the safety and rights of patients, it also helps to accelerate the healthy development of medical technology.

11.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 May; 70(5): 1736-1741
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224313

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate changes in the levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) muscle on 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after triamcinolone acetonide injection for treating upper lid retraction (ULR) with Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) and to explore the value of LPS muscle quantitative measurement for clinical treatment. Methods: Patients with GO showing ULR were studied retrospectively and they underwent 3.0 T MRI scans before and after subconjunctival injection o f triamcinolone acetonide. The largest thickness (T) and highest signal intensity (SI) of LPS muscle on the affected eyes were measured in the sequences of coronal T2?weighted, fat?suppressed fast spin echo imaging (T2WI?fs) and T1?weighted, fat?suppressed, contrast?enhanced fast spin echo imaging (T1WI?fs + C), respectively. The SI ratio (SIR) (LPS muscle SI/ ipsilateral temporalis SI) was calculated individually. Depending on the therapeutic effect, patients were divided into effective group and non?effective group. Independent t?test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle in different treatment groups before treatment, and paired sample t?test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle before and after treatment. Then cut?off level for predicting therapeutic effect and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve were analyzed. Results: Sixty?two patients (77 eyes) were enrolled. After treatment, the T of LPS muscle showed significant decrease in all sequences in both effective and non?effective treatment groups. However, changes in SIR of LPS muscle in the two groups were different; SIR of LPS muscle on T2WI?fs and T1WI?fs + C decreased after treatment in the effective group (PT2 < 0.001, PT1 + C < 0.001) and SIR of LPS muscle showed no statistically difference in all sequences (all P > 0.05) in the non?effective group. There was a correlation between SIR of LPS muscle before treatment and after treatment with triamcinolone acetonide injection, which was that SIR of LPS muscle in the effective treatment group was lower than that in the non?effective treatment group on T1WI?fs + C (P < 0.001). SIR of LPS muscle on T1WI?fs + C showed 87.5% sensitivity and 66.7% specificity to predict therapeutic effect (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.840). Conclusion: In GO patients with ULR, 3.0 T MRI can be used to evaluate the response of triamcinolone acetonide injection. SIR of LPS may be a predictor of its efficacy

12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the temporal distribution of high level of BK virus(BKV) viruria after kidney transplantation(KT)and the association of high level of viruria with clinical factors and specific human leukocyte antigen(HLA)sites in donors and recipients.Methods:From January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 212 recipients of cadaveric KT.A high level of urinary BKV viruria was defined as urinary BKV-DNA quantification>10 7(copies/ml)after KT while 212 recipients with the same gender composition below the threshold during the same period were selected as low-level controls.Clinical data and HLA sites of two groups were statistically analyzed and risk factors for high level of viruria screened by univariate and multifactorial Logistic regressions. Results:The median time to initial high-level BKV infection in urine after RT was 125.5 days.Based upon univariate Logistic analysis, delayed graft function(DGF)and HLA-A24 of recipient were risk factors for high-level BKV infection in urine while HLA-DQ9 of donor acted as a protective factor.Through multivariate Logistic analysis, DGF( OR=2.18, 95% CI 1.18~4.01, P=0.012)and HLA-A24( OR=1.63, 95% CI 1.06~2.53, P=0.027)of recipient were independent risk factors for high-level BKV infection in urine.And HLA-DQ9 of donors( OR=0.58, 95% CI 0.36~0.91, P=0.019)was an independent protective factor. Conclusions:High level of BKV viruria after RT is associated with donor/recipient-specific HLA sites.Early risk factor stratification and protective factors of recipients can aid in tailoring postoperative immunosuppression and screening program and developing T cell-associated vaccines.

13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 959-961, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954408

ABSTRACT

Patients with radioactive enteritis generally have certain intestinal microecological imbalance. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has showed good advantage in regulating intestinal microbial flora. In clinical practice, patients are treated based on syndrome differentiation of heat toxin damaging collaterals, cold-heat mixed syndrome, spleen deficiency and dampness stagnation, spleen and kidney yang deficiency, yin deficiency and body fluid deficiency. The Baitouweng Decoction, Wumei Pill, Sijunzi Decoction are the common prescriptions. TCM can promote the balance of intestinal microecology and treat digestive diseases such as radioactive enteritis, by improving the abundance of intestinal flora, inhibiting the level of inflammatory cytokines, and playing the role of probiotics and immune regulation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 743-748, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish risk stratifying criteria for acute rejection(AR)after kidney transplantation(KT)through analyzing the preoperative risk factors of KT recipients from deceased donor(DD).Methods:A retrospective study is conducted for 1 382 KT recipients of DD kidney at First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2020.According to the presence or absence of AR within 1 year post-KT, they are divided into two groups of acute rejection(group AR, 115 cases)and non-rejection(group non-AR, 1 267 cases). Clinical data of two groups are examined by univariate and multivariate analyses for determining the risk factors of AR and a scoring standard is established on the basis of regression coefficients.They are divided into three groups of low-risk(907 cases), middle-risk(450 cases)and high-risk(25 cases)according to the scoring results and the incidence of AR is compared among different scoring groups.Results:Univariate analysis indicates that donor age(AR, 793 cases; non-AR, 474 cases, P=0.033), age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(AR, 63 cases; non-AR; 315 cases; P<0.001), recipient panel-reactive antibodies(PRA)plus donor-specific antibody(DSA)(+ )(AR, 96 cases; non-AR, 1 169 cases, P=0.002), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12h(AR, 81 cases; non-AR, 1 064 cases, P<0.001), donor/recipient HLA mismatch≥3(AR, 70 cases; non-AR, 984 cases, P<0.001)and expanded criteria donor(ECD)(AR, 50 cases; non-AR, 790 cases, P<0.001)are high risk factors for AR(all P<0.05). Variables with statistical significance during univariate analysis are included for multivariate analysis.Five variables are finally determined, including age difference between recipients and donors≥25 years(β=0.61, P=0.006), PRA+ DSA(+ )(β=0.74, P=0.008), donor kidney cold ischemic time≥12 h(β=0.74, P<0.001), HLA mismatch(≥3)(β=0.81, P<0.001)and ECD(β=0.82, P<0.001). Score for each risk factor is calculated according to the relevant regression coefficient and scoring standard formulate on the basis of the above five risk factors with a total score of 36.With an overall incidence of AR at 8.32%(115/1 382), the incidence of AR is 4.3%, 14.7% and 40.0% in low/middle/high-risk group and the difference is statistically significant.It hints that immune risk stratification can effectively determine the risk of postoperative AR for KT recipients.The incidence of AR is significantly higher in middle/high-risk group than that in low-risk group ( P<0.001). Conclusions:For recipients with middle/high immune risk, intensity and dose of immunosuppressants should be appropriately boosted during preoperative induction and maintenance period.And the occurrences of AR and infection should be dynamically monitored.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 87-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906737

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the therapeutic effect of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery(FLACS)in eyes with shallow anterior chamber depth.<p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 55 cataract patients with shallow anterior chamber who received cataract phacoemulsification in Tangshan eye hospital from November 2020 to February 2021 were selected, and divided into two groups according to the surgical methods on patient's subjective willingness: Patients who received FLACS were assigned to the FLACS group(28 patients, 30 eyes), and patients who received conventional Phaco(27 patients, 30 eyes)were assigned to the Phaco group. Preoperative general conditions, cumulative dissipated energy(CDE), effective phacoemulsification time(EPT), postoperative best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), endothelial cell loss rate(ECL), central macular thickness(CMT)and complications were compared and analyzed.<p>RESULTS:There was no significant difference in preoperative general data between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). In both groups, UCVA at 1d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery and BCVA at 1wk and 1mo after surgery were better than those before surgery, and at 1d after surgery, UCVA in FLACS group was better than that in Phaco group, the difference was statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). In the FLACS group, CDE, EPT, ECL at 1wk and 1mo after surgery, and the incidence of corneal edema at 1d and 1wk after surgery were all lower than those in the Phaco group(all <i>P</i><0.05). There was no significant change in CMT in either the intragroup comparison or the intergroup comparison(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:FLACS is safe and effective in patients with shallow anterior chamber cataract, which can significantly reduce the rate of endothelial cell loss, quickly restore vision, reduce the incidence of complications, and has no significant effect on macula.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 495-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934771

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of basiliximab (BAS) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation by systematic review and Meta-analysis. Methods Prospective randomized controlled clinical trials screening and comparing BAS and ATG in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation were systematically searched from global databases, screened and compared. The quality of clinical trials was evaluated by Jadad scoring system and data extraction was performed. The effects of BAS and ATG on the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection, malignant tumor, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia at 1 year after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Results A total of 10 clinical trials in English consisting of 1 721 kidney transplant recipients were searched, including 883 cases in the ATG group and 838 cases in the BAS group. No significant differences were observed in the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection and thrombocytopenia at postoperative 1 year between the ATG and BAS groups (all P > 0.05). The incidence of malignant tumor and leukopenia at postoperative 1 year in the ATG group were significantly higher than those in the BAS group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions The use of ATG and BAS for immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation yield equivalent efficacy at postoperative 1 year, but BAS is safer than ATG. Clinical trials related to stratified analyses of immune risk are urgently required to achieve individualized precision treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 211-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of treating external iliac artery dissection in renal transplantation by artificial vascular replacement.Methods:Four sudden intraoperative cases of external iliac artery dissection were selected.After removing vascular sutures, intimal arterial peeling blocked external iliac artery( n=3)and transplanted renal artery( n=1). Artificial vascular replacement of external iliac artery was performed using artificial vessels made from puffed polytetrafluoride ethylene(ePTFE). Secondary perfusion was performed in four transplanted kidneys for anastomosing with internal iliac artery. Results:One patient regained normal renal function within 1 week post-operation.Two cases had delayed graft function.Another case had delayed graft function plus acute rejection.After hemodialysis, renal function normalized at 2-3 weeks post-operation.During a follow-up period of(0.5-5.0)years, transplanted kidney function remained stable, blood supply, skin temperature and movement of operated lower extremities normalized.Conclusions:The incidence of vascular dissection of external iliac artery is not high during renal transplantation.However, the disease has a rapid and dangerous progression.The consequences of delayed intervention are quite serious.Treating external iliac artery dissection with renal transplantation may achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 513-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic utility of LifePort perfusion parameters plus perfusate biomarkers for predicting delayed graft function(DGF)and recovery time during deceased donor kidney transplantation(KT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019, retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 113 KT recipients. Based upon whether or not DGF occurred within 3 months, they were divided into two groups of DGF group(20 cases)and non-DGF (93 cases). Two groups were compared using LifePort perfusion parameters, biomarker concentrations, incidence of DGF and kidney recovery time. Statistical analysis was performed.Results:The incidence of DGF was 17.7%(20/113); Multivariate Logistic regression results indicated that terminal resistance(OR 1.879, 95% CI 1.145~3.56)and glutathione S-transferase(GST)(OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.23~2.46)were independent risk factors for DGF; Cox hazard model revealed that terminal resistance was a risk factor for recovery time of renal function(HR=0.823, 95% CI 0.735~0.981). The model combining terminal resistance and GST(AUC=0.888, 95% CI 0.842~0.933)significantly improved the predictive efficacy for DGF as compared with using terminal resistance(AUC=0.756, 95% CI 0.693~0.818)or GST alone(AUC=0.729, 95% CI 0.591~0.806).Conclusions:Combining LifePort perfusion parameters and fluid biomarkers can improve the predictive utility of DGF.

19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 336-339, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical data of acute rejection in kidney transplant recipients of different ages with elderly donor kidneys.Methods:During January 2012 and June 2020, a retrospective review was conducted for clinical data of 298 recipients undergoing kidney transplantation from elderly donors aged ≥60 years after citizen's death.According to the age, recipients were divided into group A(age<30 yr, 59 cases), group B(30~39 yr, 125 cases), group C(40~49 yr, 83 cases)and group D(age≥50 yr, 31 cases). The incidence of acute rejection(AR)was analyzed.Also based upon age difference between donors and recipients, they were divided into two groups of(30~39 yr)and (40~49 yr)and the occurrence of AR was recorded.Results:The incidence of AR within 1 year post-transplantation in groups A, B, C, and D were 15.3%(9/59), 8.8%(11/125), 7.2%(6/83) and 3.2%(1/31)respectively.The incidence of AR in age difference≥25 yr group(12.5%)and age difference <25 yr group(5.3%) had significant difference( P<0.05). The proportion and absolute value of peripheral blood lymphocytes in each group at 1 week/month post-transplantation had significant difference( P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in serum level of creatinine(SCr), the incidence of pulmonary infection and urinary tract infection or the survival rate of recipients and transplanted kidneys in each group within 1 year post-transplantation among four groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:Elderly donor kidneys can obtain better transplant outcomes in kidney transplant recipients of different ages.As the age of recipients decreases, AR shows an upward trend.Clinicians should pay more attention to the prevention and treatment of AR in recipients with large age difference between donors and recipients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911648

ABSTRACT

Objective:Discuss the etiological characteristics of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation and the diagnostic value of metagenomics nextgeneration sequencing (mNGS) technique.Methods:A total of 40 patients with pulmonary infection who were admitted to the Department of Renal Transplantation of the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January, 2018 to January, 2021 were selected, and identification of pathogens through routine pathogen detection methods and mNGS. The routine pathogen detection methods included: blood culture, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and sputum culture and smear staining, lung histopathology, antigen detection and PCR, etc. BALF were used to search for pathogens by mNGS. Combined with the results of the two groups to give accurate anti-infection treatment, the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Eventually 36 patients were cured and discharged, and 4 patients deaths. In 40 cases of pulmonary infection, the BALF mNGS pathogens detection of BALF was positive in 37 cases and negative in 3 patients, with a detection sensitivity of 92.5%. In addition, there were 15 cases of single pulmonary infection and 22 cases of mixed pulmonary infection, including 8 cases of bacterial infection, 9 cases of viral infection and 20 cases of fungal infection, among which pneumocystis (20/40, 50%) and cytomegalovirus (10/40, 25%) were the most common. In contrast, the positive rate of pathogens by routine detection were only 30% (12/40), and the difference between the two detection methods was statistically significant ( χ2=32.92, P<0.05). The diagnostic rates of mixed pulmonary infection were 55% and 10% respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=18.46, P<0.05), the single type pulmonary infection was 30% and 20% respectively, the difference was not statistically significant( χ2=2.99, P>0.05). Conclusions:mNGS has more advantages than routine pathogen detection methods in terms of pathogen species and distribution, detection time, sensitivity, mixed infection diagnosis rate and benefit. Using mNGS can be more efficient to find pathogens of pulmonary infection after renal transplantation, take accurate treatment, reduce costs, and improve cure rate, such as worth wide application..

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL