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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the stiffness characteristic of triple-negative human breast cancer at different size in a implantation nude female mice model using shear wave elastography(SWE) and to compare the clinical pathologic features of tumors with elasticity variables.Methods:Human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were injected into 30 nude female mice and 27 transplanted tumors were successfully found in nude female mice. Ultrasound and SWE were longitudinally performed on maximum diameter plane of 21 tumours in 21 nude mice. The elastic parameters of maximal elasticity(Emax), mean elasticity (Emean) and standard deviation of elasticity(Esd) were recorded. The mice were divided into 3 groups according to the tumor size. They were group A with tumor size less than or equal to 5 mm, group B with tumor size greater than 5 mm and less than or equal to 10 mm, group C with tumor size larger than 10 mm and smaller than or equal to 15 mm. Compared with pathology, the relationships between Ki67 of transplanted tumor and elastic parameters were analyzed.Results:As the transplanted tumors increased, the values of Emax, Esd, Ki67 all increased. The lesions maximal size, Emax, Esd, Ki67 were significant higher in group B ( P<0.001, P=0.006, P=0.002, P=0.026) and group C ( P<0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.028) than group A. The other parameters were not significantly different among the groups(all P>0.05). The size of transplanted tumors was significantly and positively correlated with Emax ( rs=0.673, P=0.001), Esd ( rs=0.661, P=0.001), and Ki67 ( rs=0.509, P=0.018). Conclusions:SWE Emax and Esd can reflect the tumor tissue stiffness change and biological activity during the tumor growth.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging features of breast solid papillary carcinoma(SPC) by ultrasonography.Methods:The ultrasonic images of 218 breast SPC patients confirmed by pathology in Fudan University Cancer Center from December 2012 to January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The manifestations were preliminarily classified into 6 types, and the ultrasonic imaging features were summarized.Results:There were 22 cases with negative ultrasound findings. The cases of solid mass, nodular with ductal dilatation, cystic-solid mass, intraductal abnormal echo, simple ductal dilation and non-ductal flaky hypoechoic area or structural disorders were 79(36.2%), 33(15.1%), 29(13.3%), 30(13.8%), 20(9.2%) and 5(2.3%), respectively, and the diagnostic rates of ultrasound were 70.9%, 24.2%, 75.9%, 20%, 0 and 0, respectively.Conclusions:The ultrasonic manifestations of breast SPC are diverse, while cystic-solid findings can be seen as a clue of breast SPC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Infliximab (IFX) in pediatric Crohn′s disease (CD).Methods:The efficacy of IFX therapy in 30 patients suffering from active CD who were not completely improved with traditional medicine and enteral nutrition or had intolerance to the medicine in Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from December 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Pediatric Crohn′s Disease Activity Index (PCDAI), blood biochemistry indices, mucosal healing, nutritional status, and adverse reactions were compared and evaluated.Results:Thirty active CD cases, with 18 males and 12 females, were enrolled, and the average age was (8.63±4.76) years old.Three cases who didn′t complete 3 times of IFX injection and 1 case who lost to be followed up were excluded.A total of 26 cases of CD in active period were enrolled in this study on efficacy.The clinical remission and response rate of 26 cases were 61.5% and 84.6%, respectively, at 14-week of IFX therapy.The clinical remission and response rate of 21 cases were 71.4% and 85.7%, respectively, at 30-week.The clinical remission and response rate of 15 cases were 86.7% and 93.3%, respectively, at 54-week.At week 14 th, PCDAI score [(9.56±8.05) scores vs.(29.02±10.86) scores] decreased compared with before treatment ( t=7.339, P<0.05). The levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(15.54±10.26) mm/1 h vs.(33.77±21.30) mm/1 h] and C-reactive protein [(4.79±12.94 ) mg/L vs.(16.33±23.43) mg/L] were obviously decreased, and the hemoglobin [(126.27±16.51) g/L vs.(110.58±16.45) g/L], hematocrit [(37.03±3.95)% vs.(33.52±4.32)%], and albumin levels [(42.30±3.03) g/L vs.(37.13±5.68) g/L] were remarkably increased compared with those before treatment ( t=3.932, 1.993, -3.398, -3.060, -4.009, all P<0.05). Height for age Z score and body mass index Z score were increased after IFX treatment, without statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). Conclusions:IFX therapy had good clinical efficacy in controlling inflammatorys and inducing clinical remission in pediatric CD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879159

ABSTRACT

The present work is to analyze the HPLC fingerprints of mulberry-sourced materials(Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Muri Cortex, Mori Fructus) using the fingerprint division total statistical moment method and information entropy, and to study the diffe-rences of the chemical components and the overall characteristics of the imprinting template in different parts of mulberry-sourced medicinal materials, so as to provide the basis for finding the effective substances in response to "homologous and different effect" of mulberry(Morus alba). The fingerprints of 24 batches of mulberry-related materials, such as Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Muri Cortex, Mori Fructus, were established, and the similarities and differences of the fingerprints were analyzed by calculating the division total statistical moment parameters and information entropy. The AUC_T, MCRT_T, VCRT_T and H values of 24 batches of mulberry-sourced materials were less than 0.05, with significant difference. Among them, all samples showed absorption peaks within 3-11, and 20-24 min, indicating that the four types had the identical or similar chemical composition in the same time period. After 34 min, none of the four types showed absorption peaks. Greater VCRT_T value of the fingerprints of the four kinds was observed at the retention time ranges of 3-4, 16-18, 25-27, and 31-32 min, indicating that the components of the four kinds were significantly different in these time periods; and VCRT_T value of the mulberry was significantly higher than that of the other three kinds of medicinal materials at the retention time windows of 3-4 and 15-17 min; the VCRT_T value of the mulberry white skin was significantly higher at the time windows of 8-10 and 28-30 min; the VCRT_T value of all four kinds was significantly higher within 21-23 min, indicating that the four herbs contain the same or similar components in the chromatogram during this period, but there may be significant differences between the content and the proportion. In addition, the information entropy of mulberry branches is the largest at 7-12, 23-27 min, and that of mulberry fruits is the largest at 2-8 min, which indicates that the components of mulberry branches and mulberry fruits respond greatly in the corresponding period of time, which is also the main peak period of their chemical components. For the chemical components and corresponding efficacy here. The results showed that there are significant differences in the components and contents of mulberry-sourced medicinal materials. The division total statistical moment and information entropy of the total amount of segments can be used to analyze the differences in the components of "homology and different effects", which could provide a more comprehensive analysis method for the determination of quality markers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Entropy , Fruit , Morus , Plant Leaves
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between echogenic foci pattern of papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC) solitary nodule and lateral cervical lymph node metastasis.Methods:The clinical data of 475 patients with echogenic foci in preoperative ultrasound and pathologically confirmed PTC solitary nodule from January to December 2014 in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center were retrospectively analyzed, which was categorized into lateral cervical lymph node metastasis group and lateral cervical lymph node non-metastasis group. Echogenic foci was classified into five types: local punctate echogenic foci, diffused punctate echogenic foci, coarse echogenic foci, mixed echogenic foci, peripheral annular and eggshell echogenic foci. The related clinical characteristics and the ultrasonic features were also involved. Chi-Square test and Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze the correlation.Results:Age, preoperative human thyroglobulin (HTG) level, maximum diameter, location and echogenic foci pattern distributed to lateral cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC solitary nodule in 475 cases, according to univariate analysis ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed diffused punctate echogenic foci, age≤35 years old, maximum diameter >10 mm and upper part were risk factors of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC solitary nodule. Conclusions:Diffused punctate echogenic foci in PTC solitary nodule, patients younger than 35 years old, maximum diameter larger than 1 cm and nodule location at upper part of the thyroid promote to lateral cervical lymph node metastasis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize clinical and genetic features of infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease(IO-IBD) patients.Methods:The clinical data of 48 IO-IBD patients from Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, including age of onset, family history, clinical manifestations and drug efficacy were retrospectively analyzed.Based on target gene panel, next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed for 43 patients, and further compared clinical features between gene mutation and non-gene mutation IO-IBD groups.Results:Among the 48 IO-IBD patients, 41 cases suffered from Crohn′s disease (CD) and 7 cases were ulcerative colitis (UC). The median age of onset was 2.00(0.24-6.00) months, and 45.8%(22/48 cases) of patients′ onset age was within 1 month.Diarrhea (48/48 cases, 100%), fever (45/48 cases, 93.8%) and hematochezia (37/48 cases, 77.1%) were the main clinical symptoms.Perianal lesions and rashes were common extraintestinal manifestations, accounting for 43.8%(21/48 cases) each.Among 41 CD patients, 73.2%(30/41 cases) had predominantly colonic disease (L2 type), and disease behavior was mainly nonstricturing and nonpenetrating (B1 type) (33/41 cases, 80.5%). Among 7 UC patients, 57.1%(4/7 cases) had predominantly pancolonic (E4 type). The surgical rate of the 48 IO-IBD patients was 12.5%(6/48 cases), the clinical remission rate was 50.0%(24/48 cases), and the mortality rate was 25.0%(12/48 cases). Among the 43 IO-IBD patients, 23 (23/43 cases, 53.5%) had meaningful gene mutations, of which 22 cases had mutations in interleukin-10 receptor A ( IL-10 RA) and 1 case with mutation in TTC37.A total of 11 mutation sites were detected in 22 patients with IL-10 RA mutations, including one novel mutation site c. 635G>C (p.R212P); 19 cases c. 301C>T (p.R101W) and 8 cases c. 537G>A (p.T179T) that were common mutation sites.Compared with non-gene mutation IO-IBD group, patients in gene mutation IO-IBD group had earlier onset age [0.3 (0.1-1.0) months vs.(6.27±5.64) months, P<0.001], higher proportion of malnutrition [14 cases(60.9%) vs.5 cases(25.0%), P=0.018], oral ulcers [14 cases(60.9%) vs. 30 cases(15.0%), P=0.006] and perianal lesions [17 cases(73.9%) vs.3 cases(15.0%), P<0.001], and the lower rate of clinical remission[7 cases(30.4%) vs.15 cases(75.0%), P=0.004]. Conclusions:IO-IBD patients had a high rate of monogenic mutation, and IL-10 RA gene mutation was the common mutation.IO-IBD patients developing with gene mutation were characterized by early age of onset, higher incidence of malnutrition, oral ulcers, perianal lesions, and the lower clinical remission rate.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical data of patients with acute pandysautonomia (APD) and discuss the treatment and prognosis of them.Methods:A total of 13 patients with APD in the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 2010 to December 2019, were investigated retrospectively.The general data, clinical symptoms, autonomic nerve examination and function test, laboratory examination, treatment and follow-up were collected and analyzed.Results:There were 4 males and 9 females in 13 patients with APD, with an average age was 8 years and 5 months (3 years and 8 months to 12 years and 5 months ). The average course of disease was 94.5 d (14-410 d). The common initial symptoms were gastrointestinal motility disorder (11 cases), dysuria (3 cases), and upright syncope/vertigo (3 cases). During the course of the disease, all the patients manifested with gastrointestinal motility disfunction and dyshidrosis, glands involvement and orthostatic hypotension in 12 cases, abnormal pupil in 9 case and urinary retention in 7 case.Other symptoms included fatigue in 9 cases, emotional disorder in 4 cases, limb weakness in 2 cases, and sensory disturbance in 2 cases.All the patients were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and 3 cases combined with glucocorticoid.Six patients with severe gastrointestinal symptoms were treated with intravenous nutrition; 4 patients were fed with jejunum, 3 cases of whom returned to normal diet within 1-12 months, and 1 patient was followed up for 5 years and 2 months.Hyponatremia was found in 7 cases, which recovered in 2-30 d. Nine cases were followed up for 1 month to 9 years.Seven cases were normal in daily work and study, with satisfactory nutritional status, stable mood and no relapse.Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of APD are varied.The initial symptoms are gastrointestinal motility disorders, orthostatic hypotension, urinary retention and hyponatremia.Individualized multi-disciplinary comprehensive management for symptoms, especially the comprehensive treatment of gastrointestinal motility disorders, management of postural hypotension, and the urinary system diagnosis and individualized treatment of can shorten the length of hospital stay and improve the prognosis effectively.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846713

ABSTRACT

Traditional solvents have the shortcomings of toxic, easy to cause environmental pollution, volatile and low extraction rate. In recent years, there have been a lot of researches focusing on deep eutectic solvents (DESs) studies in the field of Chinese materia medica (CMM), especially in the extraction of active ingredients and improvement of stability of unstable compounds. This paper mainly reviews and sorts out the researches on DESs in the field of CMM reported at home and abroad in recent years, so as to provide references for the application of DESs in the field of CMM in the future.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823103

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for the determination of propylthiouracil in human plasma by UPLC-MS/MS and provide methodological basis for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) and bioequivalence test (BE) in clinical. Methods The chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm), the mobile phase was methanol and water containing 0.1% formic acid (80∶20, V/V), isocratic elution. MS condition was optimized in the positive ion detection mode by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), along with the Agilent JetStream electrospray source interface (AJS-ESI). The precursors to the product ion transitions were m/z 171.1→112.1 for propylthiouracil and m/z 176.1→117.0 for the internal standard (IS). Results The calibration curve was linear in the range of 10−5 000 ng/ml for propylthiouracil in human plasma, r=0.999 3. The intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy were good (RSD<10%,RE<±10%). The matrix effect of different concentrations was less than 110% and the coefficient of variation was less than 5%. The average recovery of different concentrations was 101.60%−113.56%, which conformed with the requirement of methodological validation. Conclusion The method is rapid, sensitive and accurate, which can be used for the determination of propylthiouracil in human plasma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821478

ABSTRACT

Objective Breast cancer is one of the deadliest malignancies in the world. ebracteolatain A (EA) is a kind of acetylphloroglucinol extracted from ebracteolatain. To explore the specific mechanism of EA inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cell MCF-7, so as to provide a new approach for the clinical treatment of breast cancer. Methods EA with different concentrations were added to breast cancer cell MCF-7 to detect changes in PKD1 protein expression. The plasmid with overexpressed PKD1 was constructed and transfected into cells, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of PKD1 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western Blot assay. CCK-8 assay was used to detect changes in cell proliferation capacity. Western Blot assay was used to detect the expression level of PKD1 and its related signaling pathways. Results EA inhibited the expression of PKD1 protein in breast cancer cells with a dose-dependent manner (P< 0.05). When transfected with the overexpressed plasmid, PKD1 was significantly increased in mRNA and protein levels (P<0.001). At the same time, PKD1 overexpression significantly reversed inhibition of EA on MCF-7 proliferation (P<0.001). It was confirmed by signaling pathway analysis that EA might affect the proliferation ability of breast cancer cells by inhibiting PKD1-mediated MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling activity (P<0.05). Conclusion EA could inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by regulating PKD1-mediated MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1492-1510, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828794

ABSTRACT

Simultaneous inhibition of MDM2 and CDK4 may be an effective treatment against glioblastoma. A collection of chiral spirocyclic tetrahydronaphthalene (THN)-oxindole hybrids for this purpose have been developed. Appropriate stereochemistry in THN-fused spirooxindole compounds is key to their inhibitory activity: selectivity differed by over 40-fold between the least and most potent stereoisomers in time-resolved FRET and KINOMEscan® assays. Studies in glioblastoma cell lines showed that the most active compound induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by interfering with MDM2 -P53 interaction and CDK4 activation. Cells treated with showed up-regulation of proteins involved in P53 and cell cycle pathways. The compound showed good anti-tumor efficacy against glioblastoma xenografts in mice. These results suggested that rational design, asymmetric synthesis and biological evaluation of novel tetrahydronaphthalene fused spirooxindoles could generate promising MDM2-CDK4 dual inhibitors in glioblastoma therapy.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777119

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problem of long-term (>9 months) efficacy in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by conventional therapy (CT), a staged and multiply-targeted sequential therapy based on the evolvement of patterns (STEP) was developed. Its main innovations include: (1) the time order of evolution of patterns defined by Chinese medicine (CM) in AD was found, that is, "the orderly pattern evolution starting from Shen (Kidney) deficiency, progressing to phlegm, stasis and fire, and worsening to severe toxin as well as functional collapse"; (2) the cascade hypothesis of Shen deficiency in AD and its sequential therapy based on Shen-reinforcing was proposed, that is, "reinforcing Shen in the early stage and throughout the whole process, resolving phlegm, activating blood and purging fire in the middle stage, detoxifying and replenishing vitality to stop the collapse in the advanced stage", and through meta-analysis, clinical drug use was optimized, thus the leap from "inferential selection" to "evidence-based selection" was realized; (3) the STEP regimen combined with CT maintained cognitive and behavioral stability in AD patients for at least 12 months, with cognitive enhancement and behavioral synergy after 9 months, and cognitive benefit was superior to CT at 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24 months, respectively. The 2-year cognitive improvement rate was increased by 25.64% (P=0.020) and the cognitive deterioration rate was decreased by 48.71% (P=0.000). Among them, the cognitive and functional benefits of Shen-reinforcing therapy for very early AD (350 cases) for 1 year were better than the placebo (P<0.001), and the dementia conversion rate was reduced by 8.85% (P=0.002). The behavioral symptomatic relief of patients with vascular dementia received fire-purging therapy (540 cases) was superior to those received CT (P=0.016). These data suggested that the STEP regimen has synergistic effects on CTs at least in terms of cognitive benefit, and the earlier the use, the greater the benefit will have. Therefore, the STEP regimen should be considered as one of the clinical options, particularly for the dearth of effective pharmaceutical or immunological interventions that are currently available for AD.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 826-840, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776462

ABSTRACT

Motor timing is an important part of sensorimotor control. Previous studies have shown that beta oscillations embody the process of temporal perception in explicit timing tasks. In contrast, studies focusing on beta oscillations in implicit timing tasks are lacking. In this study, we set up an implicit motor timing task and found a modulation pattern of beta oscillations with temporal perception during movement preparation. We trained two macaques in a repetitive visually-guided reach-to-grasp task with different holding intervals. Spikes and local field potentials were recorded from microelectrode arrays in the primary motor cortex, primary somatosensory cortex, and posterior parietal cortex. We analyzed the association between beta oscillations and temporal interval in fixed-duration experiments (500 ms as the Short Group and 1500 ms as the Long Group) and random-duration experiments (500 ms to 1500 ms). The results showed that the peak beta frequencies in both experiments ranged from 15 Hz to 25 Hz. The beta power was higher during the hold period than the movement (reach and grasp) period. Further, in the fixed-duration experiments, the mean power as well as the maximum rate of change of beta power in the first 300 ms were higher in the Short Group than in the Long Group when aligned with the Center Hit event. In contrast, in the random-duration experiments, the corresponding values showed no statistical differences among groups. The peak latency of beta power was shorter in the Short Group than in the Long Group in the fixed-duration experiments, while no consistent modulation pattern was found in the random-duration experiments. These results indicate that beta oscillations can modulate with temporal interval in their power mode. The synchronization period of beta power could reflect the cognitive set maintaining working memory of the temporal structure and attention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of metabolic parameters of 18F-FDG PET/CT and clinicopathological factors of gastric cancer. Methods 18F-FDG PET/CT characteristics and clinical data of histopathologically proved gastric cancer in 44 patients were reviewed retrospectively. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of primary lesions were measured, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) was calculated. The differences of the above metabolic parameters among different T-stage, N-stage, pathological stage and cell differentiated degree of tumors were compared, and the correlation of metabolic parameters and clinicopathological factors was analyzed. Results SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV and TLG of 44 primary lesions was 5.81 (3.45, 7.77), 3.42 (1.87, 4.37), 14.80 (9.02, 25.19)cm3 and 42.03 (18.89, 107.87) g, respectively. There was no statistical difference of SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV nor TLG between different T-stage of primary lesions (all P>0.05). There were statistical differences of MTV and TLG of different N-stage and pathological stage groups (all P0.05). There were statistical differences of SUVmax and SUVmean among different cell differentiated degrees (both P0.05). SUVmax and SUVmean were positively correlated with T-stage and cell differentiated degree of tumors (all P0.05). MTV and TLG were positively correlated with T-stage, N-stage with pathological stage of tumors (all P0.05). Conclusion 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters of primary gastric cancer could reflect partial clinicopathological characteristics, therefore being helpful to individual treatment planning.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861207

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging metabolic indexes and clinicopathological factors of primary colorectal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Clinical data of 52 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma confirmed by operation and pathology were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging, and the maximum diameter, maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax), mean standard uptake value(SUVmean) and metabolic volume (MTV) of the primary tumors were recorded, and the total lesion glycolysis (TLG) was calculated. The patients were grouped according to the largest diameter, T stage, N stage and cell differentiation degree of the primary tumor respectively, and the differences of the above parameters were compared, and the correlations of the above parameters and clinicopathological features were analyzed. Results: SUVmax, SUVmean, MTV and TLG of 52 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma were 13.38±7.34, 7.75±3.94, (15.83±11.18)cm3 and 103.15(45.28,140.23)g, respectively. There were significant differences in metabolic indexes of the maximum diameter groups (all P0.05), while there were significant differences in MTV and TLG among different T-stage groups (both P0.05). There were positive correlations of SUVmax, SUVmean with the maximum diameter of the primary tumor (both P0.05). MTV and TLG were positively correlated with the maximum diameter and T stage of the primary tumor (all P0.05). Conclusion: MTV and TLG can reflect the pathological factors of colorectal adenocarcinoma in some degree, and have higher evaluation value than SUVmax and SUVmean.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802313

ABSTRACT

Objective:The homogeneity regularity of "imprinting templates" of compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) was revealed, which provided the basis for effectively controlling the quality of compound preparation of TCM, by clarifying the dynamic changeability in number and content of volatile ingredients in different batches of Houttuyniae Herba. Method:The volatile oil of Houttuyniae Herba was extracted by steam distillation.The volatile components in 11 batches of Houttuyniae Herba were determined by GC-MS(electron ionization, ion source temperature of 230℃, detection range of m/z 40-500) combined with literature and ChemicalBook database.The relative content of each component was calculated by peak area normalization method and analyzed by the total quantum statistical moments of fingerprint. Result:There were only 15 common ingredients in the volatile oil from 11 batches of Houttuyniae Herba, accounting for 3.35%of total number and 73.94%of total content, while the number of non-common ingredients was 433, accounting for 96.65%of total number.However, the RSD of total quantum first moment of GC-MS fingerprint was 6.8%, the RSD of total quantum second moment was 14.8%(RSD of standard deviation was 7.4%), and the RSD of similarity of total quantum statistical moment was 3.8%.The type and content of volatile ingredients in Houttuyniae Herba were heterogeneous, but their chromatographic behavior of GC-MS fingerprint was uniform, the whole "imprinting templates" was similar. Conclusion:The total quantum statistical moment(similarity) of TCM fingerprint is applicable to quality control of dynamic Chinese medicines, which will play a breakthrough role in the study of homogeneity and stability of material reference and compound preparation for ancient classical formulas.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801843

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the HPLC fingerprints of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos by total statistical moment analysis,in order to provide a basis for studying the nature of the "heterologous effect" phenomenon. Method: HPLC fingerprints of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were established,and the statistical moment parameters and similarity were evaluated by total statistical moment method. Result: According to the total statistical moment parameters of the 10 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos samples, RSDs of AUCT,λT, σT2 were 27.537%,1.685%,and 8.346%. According to the total statistical moment parameters of the 10 batches of Lonicerae Flos samples, RSDs of AUCT, λT, σT2 were 14.752%,2.155% and 2.882%. The similarity of 10 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos fingerprints was above 0.92,and the similarity of 10 batches of Lonicerae Flos were above 0.93. The 10 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and the 10 batches of Lonicerae Flos fingerprints were compared,and the similarity was above 0.84. Conclusion: According to the results,the similarity of the Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos fingerprints was very high,which indicated a similarity in chemical composition and composition ratio between Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos. This may be a prerequisite for the phenomenon of "heterologous effects".

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801398

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the risk factors in terms of clinical characteristics and sonographic features regarding solitairy thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) for the lateral cervical lymph node metastasis(LLNM) and then to establish nomogram model.@*Methods@#All patients were confirmed to be solitary PTC in paraffin wax pathology after thyroidectomy in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January to September 2016. Meanwhile, the status of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis was determined referring to postoperative pathology. Clinical characteristics including gender, age, preoperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (Tg), thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) and sonographic features of the PTC lesion including maximum tumor diameter, location, aspect ratio, relation with thyroid capsule, echo, margin, acoustic halo, microcalcification were evaluated for the association with lateral cervical lymph node metastasis using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Then the nomogram model was established and its application value was evaluated using ROC.@*Results@#Out of 1 174 patients, 125 patients (10.6%) presented lateral neck lymph node metastasis and 10 patients presented skipping metastasis.Univariate analysis showed gender, preoperative Tg and TGAb, CLNM, maximum tumor diameter, location, close to the thyroid tumor capsule, echo, aspect ratio, acoustic halo, microcalcification were associated with LLNM(P<0.05). Binomial logistic regression analysis indicated CLNM, maximum tumor diameter of larger than 10 mm, superior or multiple location, microcalcification were independent risk factors of LLNM. The AUC of the nomogram model was 0.865, the sensitivity was 88.0%, the specificity was 75.2%, and the accuracy was 76.6%.@*Conclusions@#As for patients with single focal PTC, CLNM, larger lesions, microcalcification, superior location are associated with lateral neck lymph node metastasis. The nomogram model can be tried for clinical application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745164

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the risk factors in terms of clinical characteristics ,serological indicators and sonographic features regarding thyroid papillary carcinoma ( PTC) for the central neck lymph node metastasis . Methods One thousand one hundred and seventy‐four patients accepted thyroid cancer surgery at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January to September 2016 were enrolled . All patients were confirmed to be solitary PTC in paraffin wax pathology after thyroidectomy .M eanwhile ,the status of central neck lymph node metastasis was determined referring to postoperative pathology . All features of the PTC lesion in terms of clinical ,serological and sonographic features were evaluated for the association with central neck lymph node metastasis using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis . Meanwhile ,a nomogram model was established for the determined risk factors . Results Out of 1 174 patients ,469 patients ( 39 .9% ) presented central neck lymph node metastasis ,univariate analysis showed that age , gender , preoperative thyroglobulin ( Tg ) and thyroid peroxidase antibody ( T POAb ) , maximum diameter ,location ,close to the thyroid capsule ,AP/T R ,echo ,acoustic halo ,and presence of microcalcification were related with CLNM ( P < 0 .05 ) . M ultivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that less than 55 years‐old , male , Tg higher than 20 eg/L , T POAb less than 1 kU/L , maximum diameter larger than 10 mm ,and presence of microcalcification were independent risk factors for CLNM . T he nomogram was established based on independent risk factors determined by the logistic regression with the AUC 0 .714 ,specificity 73 .1% ,and sensitivity 59 .7% . Conclusions For patients with single focal PTC lesion , younger age , male , higher Tg , lower T POAb , and larger lesions containing microcalcificatin on ultrasound are associated with central neck lymph node metastasis .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745149

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the association between quantitative ultrasonographic features and clinical ,pathological and immunohistochemical features of triple negative invasive breast carcinoma( TNBC) . Methods With the ethical approval , 96 patients who were pathologically confirmed as TNBC were retrospectively reviewed . All patients were sub-grouped according to age ,tumor size ,pathological grade , Ki67 expression level and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 ( HER-2) score .Ultrasound images were segmented for the breast carcinoma mass using a phase-based active contour model . The high-throughput radiomics features were extracted based on the two-dimensional sonographic features . There were 460 features extracted from each ultrasound image . A series of computer aided algorithms including K-svd algorithm ,sparse representation ,support vector machine ( SVM ) and radial basis function were used to determine the high-throughput sonographic features that were highly correlated to clinical ,pathological and immunohistochemical features of TNBC . The performance efficacy was expressed by accuracy and area under curve ( AUC) of the ROC curve . Results The high-throughput ultrasonographic features of invasive TNBC could predict its pathological grade ,Ki67 level and HER-2 score with the accuracy 92 .2% -96 .9%and AUC 98 .7% -99 .9% . There were 82 radiomics features selected for predicting the pathological grade of TNBC , the feature with the maximum weight was the elliptic-normalized eccentricity based on morphological features . There were 100 features selected for predicting the Ki67 expression level ,the feature with the maximum weight was the standard deviation of the annular region based on the boundary texture features . There were 85 features selected for the prediction of HER-2 score ,the most powerful parameter was the intensity based on NGTDM texture features . Conclusions Quantitative high-throughput ultrasonographic features are correlated with the pathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of invasive TNBC . High-throughput ultrasonographic features are valuable in predicting biological behavior of TNBC .

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