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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846685

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents and the cytotoxic activity of curcumins from the rhizome of Curcuma phaeocaulis. Methods: The 95% ethanol extract from the rhizome of C. phaeocaulis was extracted with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol. The separation and purification of ethyl acetate fraction was carried out by silica gel column, sephadex LH-20 column, reversed-phase medium pressure chromatography, preparative thin-layer chromatography, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography. The structures of the isolated components were identified by modern spectroscopy techniques. The isolated compounds were screened for cytotoxic activity by MTT assay. Results: Four curcuminoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the rhizome of C. phaeocaulis, and identified as 1,7-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)-1E,6E-heptadien-3-one (1), 1,7-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,4,6-heptatrien-3-one (2), 1,7-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl)-4E,6E-heptadien-3-one (3), and (1R,5S,6S)-1,5-epoxy-6- hydroxy-1,7-bis (3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-heptane (4). MTT experiments showed that compounds 1-3 inhibited HGC-27 cells proliferation, and only compound 2 inhibited MDA-MB-231 cells proliferation. Compounds 2 and 3 also showed strong toxic effects on human normal liver cells. Conclusion: Four curcuminoids were isolated from C. phaeocaulis. Compound 1 was a new compound named curcumin P. Compounds 1-3 had a certain inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HGC-27 cells. Notably, compound 1 selectively inhibited the proliferation of HGC-27 cells and showed no obvious toxic effects on L-02 cells.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2919-2927, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Albuvirtide is a once-weekly injectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 fusion inhibitor. We present interim data for a phase 3 trial assessing the safety and efficacy of albuvirtide plus lopinavir-ritonavir in HIV-1-infected adults already treated with antiretroviral drugs.@*METHODS@#We carried out a 48-week, randomized, controlled, open-label non-inferiority trial at 12 sites in China. Adults on the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended first-line treatment for >6 months with a plasma viral load >1000 copies/mL were enrolled and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive albuvirtide (once weekly) plus ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ABT group) or the WHO-recommended second-line treatment (NRTI group). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a plasma viral load below 50 copies/mL at 48 weeks. Non-inferiority was prespecified with a margin of 12%.@*RESULTS@#At the time of analysis, week 24 data were available for 83 and 92 patients, and week 48 data were available for 46 and 50 patients in the albuvirtide and NRTI groups, respectively. At 48 weeks, 80.4% of patients in the ABT group and 66.0% of those in the NRTI group had HIV-1 RNA levels below 50 copies/mL, meeting the criteria for non-inferiority. For the per-protocol population, the superiority of albuvirtide over NRTI was demonstrated. The frequency of grade 3 to 4 adverse events was similar in the two groups; the most common adverse events were diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infections, and grade 3 to 4 increases in triglyceride concentration. Renal function was significantly more impaired at 12 weeks in the patients of the NRTI group who received tenofovir disoproxil fumarate than in those of the ABT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TALENT study is the first phase 3 trial of an injectable long-acting HIV drug. This interim analysis indicates that once-weekly albuvirtide in combination with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir is well tolerated and non-inferior to the WHO-recommended second-line regimen in patients with first-line treatment failure.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02369965; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.Chinese Clinical Trial Registry No. ChiCTR-TRC-14004276; http://www.chictr.org.cn/enindex.aspx.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , China , Drug Therapy, Combination , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Maleimides , Peptides , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-neuroinflammation effect of extract of Fructus Schisandrae chinensis (EFSC) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 cells and the possible involved mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Primary cortical neurons were isolated from embryonic (E17-18) cortices of Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mouse fetuses. Primary microglia and astroglia were isolated from the frontal cortices of newborn ICR mouse. Different cells were cultured in specific culture medium. Cells were divided into 5 groups: control group, LPS group (treated with 1 μg/mL LPS only) and EFSC groups (treated with 1 μg/mL LPS and 100, 200 or 400 mg/mL EFSC, respectively). The effect of EFSC on cells viability was tested by methylthiazolyldiphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay. EFSC-mediated inhibition of LPS-induced production of pro-inflammatory mediators, such as nitrite oxide (NO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were quantified and neuron-protection effect against microglia-mediated inflammation injury was tested by hoechst 33258 apoptosis assay and crystal violet staining assay. The expression of pro-inflammatory marker proteins was evaluated by Western blot analysis or immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#EFSC (200 and 400 mg/mL) reduced NO, IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression in LPS-induced BV-2 cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05). EFSC (200 and 400 mg/mL) reduced the expression of NO in LPS-induced primary microglia and astroglia (P<0.01). In addition, EFSC alleviated cell apoptosis and inflammation injury in neurons exposed to microglia-conditioned medium (P<0.01). The mechanistic studies indicated EFSC could suppress nuclear factor (NF)-?B phosphorylation and its nuclear translocation (P<0.01). The anti-inflammatory effect of EFSC occurred through suppressed activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EFSC acted as an anti-inflammatory agent in LPS-induced glia cells. These effects might be realized through blocking of NF-κB activity and inhibition of MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Down-Regulation , Inflammation , Pathology , Inflammation Mediators , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice, Inbred ICR , Microglia , Metabolism , Pathology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Nervous System , Pathology , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Schisandra , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of simultaneous liver section combined with pulmonary wedge resection via the trans-diaphragmatic approach in patients of synchronous liver and lung metastases. METHODS: The clinical data of 3 patients of synchronous liver and lung metastases who underwent simultaneous liver section combined with pulmonary wedge resection via the trans-diaphragmatic approach at Peking University Cancer Hospital between May 2017 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: All liver and lung metastases of 3 patients were successfully resected. Operation time for liver resections were 82, 50 and 43 min, while blood losses were 400, 150 and 200 mL respectively. Meanwhile, operation time for pulmonary resections were 45, 60 and 36 min, and blood losses were 10, 30 and 5 mL respectively. Neither perioperative death nor severe complication occurred. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous liver resection combined with pulmonary wedge resection via the trans-diaphragmatic approach is a safe technique for the patients with resectable synchronous liver and lung metastases

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704287

ABSTRACT

Objective To master the prevention knowledge and behavior of echinococcosis and the influencing factors in res-idents in agricultural and pastoral areas of Maerkang City,so as to provide the reference for formulating the policy and strategy of echinococcosis prevention and control.Methods In April,2017,796 residents in agricultural and pastoral areas of Maerkang City were selected by the multi-stage stratified random sampling method,and surveyed with questionnaires.The main questions included the prevention knowledge and related behaviors of echinococcosis.Results The awareness rate of prevention knowl-edge of echinococcosis was 70.1%(558/796).The awareness rate was the lowest in the group aged 15 to 25 years.The difference of knowledge awareness rate was statistically significant among the different age groups(Χ2=16.408,P<0.01).The knowledge awareness rate of the people with middle school or above educational level was higher than that of the people with primary school or below educational level(Χ2=4.869,P=0.027).The knowledge awareness rate of the dog owners was lower than that of the people without a dog(Χ2=11.384,P=0.001).The knowledge awareness rate in the people who received the knowledge training of three times or more was higher than that in the people who received the knowledge training of two times or less(Χ2=11.439,P=0.003).The logistic regression showed that the age,educational level,training times and dog raising were the main influenc-ing factors.The related behavior survey showed that 32.7%(260/796)of residents did not drink unboiled water,37.0%(61/165)of dog owners tied the dog,43.6%(72/165)of dog owners fed the dogs with anthelmintic regularly,and only 10.3%(17/165)of dog owners buried the dog's dung.Conclusions The awareness rate of echinococcosis prevention knowledge in Maerkang City should be improved.The health education should be focused on the young people,people with low educational level,and people who have dogs.The behaviors of drinking unboiled water,tying dogs,feeding dogs with anthelmintic regularly,and burying dog' s dung should be advocated.

6.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2018; 28 (Special Supp. 2): S78-S80
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-198303

ABSTRACT

An 82-year patient presented with nausea, coffee-ground emesis, melena and hematochezia on July 10, 2011. The patient received blood transfusion on July 11, and continued to bleed from July 12 to 17. The patient underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy on July 16. There were no abnormalities in the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Then the patient presented with shortness of breath, extreme fear, fatigue, hypotension, sweating, and cold limbs. Dopamine, as well as pressurised infusion of packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma were given to the patient to maintain blood pressure. CT angiography [CTA] revealed no aortic fistula, and enteroscopy revealed active bleeding in the vicinity of the ligament of Treitz. The retrograde exploration of gastroscopy revealed a 5×4 cm diverticulum on the posterior wall of the duodenum under the ligament of Treitz. Active bleeding of the small artery in the diverticulum was observed via incision of the duodenal wall, and the diverticulum was isolated. Hemostasis was achieved after ligation of blood vessels, and diverticulectomy was performed. Enteroscopy is important for the diagnosis of duodenal and upper small intestinal diseases. Repeated endoscopic exploration of multiple sites in the small intestine revealed the cause of the bleeding. The multidisciplinary team finally found the cause of the bleeding and its proper management

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326223

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the promoter of transforming growth factor-β1 receptor 2 (TGFBR2) gene and hypertension in Han Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The subjects were recruited from the population of cluster sampling survey for essential hypertension (EH) in two townships of Yixing city, Jiangsu province in 2009. Overall, 2012 patients with hypertension and 2116 age (± 2 years) and sex-matched unrelated controls were selected. Epidemiological data, physical measurements results and serum glucose and lipid biomarker were collected and detected. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis were applied and two tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNP) in 5' upstream of TGFBR2 gene (rs6785358, -3779A/G; rs764522, -1444C/G) were selected for genotyping and analyzing for the association with hypertension.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of AA, AG, GG in case and control of rs6785358 were 1455 (72.3%), 517 (25.7%), 40 (2.0%) and 1582 (74.8%), 490 (23.2%), 43 (2.0%) respectively, and CC, CG, GG of rs764522 were 1524 (75.7%), 464 (23.1%), 24 (1.2%) and 1654 (78.2%), 436 (20.6%), 26 (1.2%) respectively. SNP rs764522 was significantly associated with EH and OR (95%CI) were 1.17 (1.01 - 1.36) (P < 0.05) in dominant model after adjustment for confounding factors such as age, sex, glucose, lipids, smoking and alcohol drinking. Further stratification analysis by age, sex, smoking and alcohol drinking indicated that individuals carrying G allele (CG/GG genotype) of SNP rs764522 had higher susceptibility to EH than CC genotype (OR = 1.21, 95%CI: 1.01 - 1.45) (P < 0.05) in ≥ 55 years group. No statistical significance was detected in the distribution of genotypes and allele frequencies for SNP rs6785358 between cases and controls (P > 0.05). Haplotype analysis showed that no significant frequency difference of haplotype structured by rs6785358 and rs764522 was found between cases and controls (P > 0.05), and no significant blood pressure change was found between genotype variations of rs6785358 and rs764522 (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNP rs764522 of TGFBR2 gene is associated with increased risk of EH in elderly Han Chinese population.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 803-807, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288101

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the reliability and validity on SF-36 scale and the quality of life (QoL) among patients with advanced-schistosomiasis in Jiangsu province.Methods Cluster sampling method was used to choose 586 advanced-schistosomiasis patients who were registered in Jiangsu province.Questionnaire including SF-36 module,was used for face to face interview on the patients.Statistical analyses were made to assess the results,including correlation analysis,reliability analysis,factor analysis,t-test and one-way ANOVA.Results The split-half reliability coefficient was 0.92,P<0.001 and the internal consistency reliability was 0.90,with the range of Cronbach' α coefficient on each dimension was from 0.69 to 0.98.Through principal component analysis,two factors were identified,with the accumulative contribution rate as 67.37%.SF-36 showed certain discriminant validity to distinguish groups in different economic levels.Compared with the domestic norm data,the scores of SF-36 on those patients were generally lows.Conclusion SF-36 had good reliability and good criterion validity,with a certain degree of discriminant validity,but with poor constructs validity.Level of QoL of patients with advanced schistosomiasis in Jiangsu was low because of being chronically ill,that called for more strategies to improve the QoL of patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 346-348, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of needle puncture biopsy and pathological examination of frozen during operation for pulmonary nodules, and whether this diagnostic method can replace tumor resection examination.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 50 patients (28 males and 22 females, average age was 59 years) who had the single nodule after imaging examination without any pathological diagnostic from January to October 2010 were selected in this research work. During open operation or video assisted thoracic surgery, needle (14 G model) was used to puncture biopsy for pathological examination of frozen. All the adverse events during puncture biopsy would be recorded. The resection specimens would be accepted paraffin pathological examination. The relationship between puncture frozen pathological and paraffin pathological examination was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All tumor sizes were ranged from 1.0 cm × 0.6 cm to 5.6 cm × 9.0 cm. The paraffin pathological examination after operation as the golden standard, there were 7 cases of benign tumor and 43 cases of malignant tumor. The diagnostic sensitivity of puncture biopsy was 90.7%, the specificity was 100%, the positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value was 63.6%. There were 11 cases of benign tumor diagnosed by needle puncture biopsy, among which 4 cases were proved as malignant tumor by paraffin pathology, and the false negative rate was 9.3%. The main risk of puncture biopsy was bleeding after puncture immediately, and the rate was 4.0% (2/50).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The puncture biopsy during operation had a high specificity for malignant lung tumor, and there was a certain false negative rate for benign tumor. Puncture biopsy and pathological examination of frozen tissue can replace tumor section biopsy in a way.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Methods , Female , Frozen Sections , Humans , Intraoperative Care , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 144-147, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Glycemic variability, an HbA1c-independent risk factor, has more deleterious effects than sustained hyperglycemia in the development of diabetic complications. This study analyzed the characteristics of glycemic variability in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with HbA1c < 6.5% in duration of twice daily premixed insulin treatment and the effect of further treatment with acarbose.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-six T2DM patients who used premixed insulin analogue (insulin aspart 30) twice daily and had HbA1c < 6.5% and 20 controlled subjects with normal glucose regulation (NGR) were monitored using the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system. The mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE), mean of daily differences (MODD) were used for assessing intra-day, inter-day glycemic variability. Hypoglycemia was defined as glucose level < 3.9 mmol/L for at least 15 minutes in CGM. According to reference values of MAGE, T2DM patients were classified into two groups: low-MAGE group with MAGE < 3.4 mmol/L (L-MAGE) and high-MAGE group with MAGE ≥ 3.4 mmol/L (H-MAGE). H-MAGE group received further treatment with acarbose for 2 weeks and was monitored a second time with CGM system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After first CGM, L-MAGE group had 41 cases, and H-MAGE group had 45 cases. The MAGE and MODD of T2DM group were all higher than those of subjects with NGR (P < 0.01). Twenty-four percent (n = 11) in H-MAGE group had a total of 13 hypoglycemic events, 10 of the 13 events occurred at night, meanwhile 5% (n = 2) in L-MAGE group had a total of 2 hypoglycemic events, which also occurred at night (hypoglycemic events: 24% vs. 5%, χ(2) = 6.40, P < 0.01). MAGE value was correlated with hypoglycemia value and 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose value (r = -0.32 and 0.26, respectively, P < 0.05). After further acarbose therapy and secondly CGM, MAGE and MODD values in H-MAGE group were all significantly decreased (40%, P < 0.01, and 15%, P < 0.05, respectively), but remained higher than in the subjects with NGR (P < 0.05); 2% (n = 1) had a total of 1 hypoglycemic event, incidence significantly decreased (2% vs. 24%, χ(2) = 9.61, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CGM system can detect the glycemic variability and asymptomatic hypoglycemic events of T2DM with well-controlled HbA1c in duration of insulin treatment. Combination therapy of premixed insulin twice daily with acarbose can flat glycemic variability and decrease hypoglycemic events.</p>


Subject(s)
Acarbose , Therapeutic Uses , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Insulin , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 476-479, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Shouwu-Huanjing Recipe(SWHJR) medicated serum on human sperm motility and fertility in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human sperm was co-cultured with SWHJR medicated serum in vitro. Human sperm motility was evaluated by computer-assisted semen analysis(CASA). The acrosome reaction and the capability of penetrating zona-free hamster eggs were also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The co-cultured SWHJR medicated serum significantly increased the sperm motion velocity(VAP, VCL, VSL) (P < 0.01), the amplitude of lateral head movement (ALH) and the beat frequency of flagellum(BCF), the density of progressive motility sperms (P < 0.05), the acrosome reaction rate(P < 0.001), the fertilization rate(FR) and the fertilization index (FI) in sperm penetration assay(SPA) test (P < 0.01). The stimulation of SWHJR medicated serum occurred in dose-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SWHJR can improve human sperm motility and fertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Acrosome Reaction , Animals , Cricetinae , Fertility , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mesocricetus , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sperm Motility
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