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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879150

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of light intensity in cultivating environment on the hepetoprotective activity of Sedum sarmentosum, S. sarmentosum were planted under five water treatments for 60 days, namely 100% full sunlight(G1), 77% full sunlight(G2), 60% full sunlight(G3), 38% full sunlight(G4), and 16% full sunlight(G5) and CCl_4 drug-induced liver injury model in vitro was used. Cell viability, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis were individually detected by MTT, PI single staining, and Annexin-V FITC/PI double staining assays. Additionally, ALT, AST and antioxidant index in supernatant were determined by colorimetry. And the relationship among the protective effects, chemical composition and antioxidant activity were also analyzed. The results showed that S. sarmentosum aqueous extract could significantly improve the HepG2 cell viability. Among the five S. sarmentosum groups, the cell viability of G1(100% full sunlight) treatment was the highest, and the cell apoptosis was the least. Meanwhile, the level of ALT, AST, and MDA in G1 was the lowest, but it achieved the highest level of SOD and GSH. Moderate light shading(60% full light) also improved the effect of protecting liver and reducing the enzyme. It was found that cell viability was positively correlated with ferricion reducing capacity. ALT activity was positively correlated with isorhamnetin content. Taken together, different light intensity had great influence on hepatoprotective effect of S. sarmentosum, which may be related to its antioxidant capacity. From the perspective of hepetoprotective activity, S. sarmentosum should be planted under full light.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Sedum , Water
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774591

ABSTRACT

Puerariae Lobatae Radix is a traditional Chinese medicine,which was first recorded in Shennong Classic of Materia Medica,and was recorded in many ancient books. Its main effect is to relieve muscles to expel heat,produce saliva and promote eruption,invigorate splenic yang and stop diarrhea. CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched in this paper with the words " Pueraria", " puerarin usage" and " puerarin application" as the key words,and it was found that the puerarin usage characteristics were rarely reported.Therefore,the application characteristics of fresh use,crude use and processed use of Puerariae Lobatae Radix in ancient books were summarized in this paper,in order to provide a reference for the modern development of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Pueraria , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775370

ABSTRACT

At present, there were few studies about the effects of cultivation measures on the quality and pharmacological activity of medicinal plants. To explore the hepetoprotective activity of Sedum sarmentosum aqueous extracts after different water treatments, S. sarmentosum were planted under five water treatments for 60 days, namely 15%-20% FC (field capacity, S1), 35%-40% FC (S2), 55%-60% FC (S3), 75%-80% FC(S4), and 95%-100% FC (S5) and CCl₄ drug-induced liver injury model in vitro was used. Cell viability, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis were individually detected by MTT, PI single staining, and Annexin-V FITC/PI double staining assays. Additionally, ALT, AST and antioxidant index in supernatant were determined by colorimetry. The results showed that, compared with the model group, S. sarmentosum aqueous extract could significantly improve the HepG2 cell viability. Among the five S. sarmentosum groups, the cell viability of S4 (75%-80% FC) treatment was the highest, and the cell apoptosis was the least. Meanwhile, the level of ALT, AST, and MDA in S4 was the lowest, but it achieved the highest level of SOD and GSH. Taken together, different water treatments had great influence on hepatoprotective effect of S. sarmentosum, and the soil moisture of the 75%-80% FC is beneficial to the hepetoprotective activity of S. sarmentosum.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Carbon Tetrachloride , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Sedum , Chemistry , Soil , Water
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775328

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted to explore the effect of light intensity on growth, bioactivity compounds accumulation and anti-oxidative activity of Sedum sarmentosum. The growth, yield, contents of total flavonoids, total phenolic, quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin, and antioxidant activities were assessed in S. sarmentosum under five light intensities, namely 100% full sunlight (G1), 77% full sunlight (G2), 60% full sunlight (G3), 38% full sunlight (G4), and 16% full sunlight (G5). The results showed that light intensity significantly affected the growth and the chemical compounds accumulation. With the decrease of light intensity, the maximum branch length and the average internode distance increased. G2 treatment greatly promoted the numbers of leaf layers and branches, and G3 treatment remarkably improved the yield. The highest total flavonoids and phenolic contents were obtained in G3 treatment. Meanwhile, the highest quercetin and isorhamnetin contents were obtained in G1 treatment. The difference of kaempferol content was not significant. In addition, based on DPPH, FTC and FRAP methods, the antioxidant activities of the aqueous extracts under G1 treatment were superior to the others. The results indicated that more than 60% full sunlight was the optimum light intensity condition to achieve high yield and quality of S. sarmentosum.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Flavonoids , Phenols , Plant Extracts , Sedum
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851843

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of soil moisture on growth, bioactivity compounds accumulation, and anti-oxidative activity of Sedum sarmentosum. Methods: The changes of growth, yield, contents of total flavonoids, total phenolic, quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin, and anti-oxidant activities were assessed in S. sarmentosum under five water gradient, namely 15% - 20% FC (field capacity, S1), 35%-40% FC (S2), 55%-60% FC (S3), 75%-80% FC (S4), and 95%-100% FC (S5). Results: S4 treatment greatly promoted the growth and yield while severe drought suppressed growth. The highest total flavonoids content was obtained in S4 treatment, while the lowest was found in S5 treatment. The total phenolic content in S3 treatment was the largest, but there was no significant difference comparing with S4 treatment. Meanwhile, the highest quercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin content were obtained from S1, while S5 treatment showed the lowest values. Besides, the yield of three flavone ingredients per plant peaked in S4 treatment, followed by S5 treatment, and the S1 treatment resulted in the smallest yields. In addition, S4 treatment resulted in the highest anti-oxidant activities of the aqueous extracts based on DPPH, TBARS, and FRAP methods. There was a significantly positive relationship among the antioxidant activities of the aqueous extracts based on TBARS, contents of quercetin, isorhamnetin. Conclusion: In summary, the Results: indicated that 75%-80% FC was the optimum soil moisture condition to achieve high yield and quality of S. sarmentosum.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287645

ABSTRACT

To clone and analyze a member of the Auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) gene family, RgIAA1, from Rehmannia glutinosa. The transcriptional EST database of R. glutinosa was used to clone the new Aux/IAA gene by cDNA probe of AtIAA14. Bioinformatics was applied to analyze the sequence characteristics of RgIAA1 protein and construct phylogenetiC trees. Quantitative RT-PCR has been applied to detect the transcription level of RgIAA1 in seven tissues as well as in leaves under three stresses. The results showed that, the cDNA sequence of RgIAA1 contains 903 bp was obtained. The open reading frame (ORF) of RgIAA1 was 681 bp encoding 226 amino acids, which has typical structural domains and characteristic sequence of Aux/IAA family proteins. RgIAA1 showed the highest expression level in unfolded leaf, followed by the stem. And the expression of RglAA1 was quickly decreased with leaf growing up. The transcription level increased under continuous cropping conditions while it reduced both in salinity and waterlogging stresses. RgIAA1, an Aux/IAA gene from R. glutinosa has been obtained for the first time, which can lay the foundation for further studies about its molecular function in development and responses to stress.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Indoleacetic Acids , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Organ Specificity , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Rehmannia , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Stress, Physiological , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254093

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study Epstein-Barr virus infection and p16 protein abnormal expresson in carcinogenesis and progression of gastric adenocarcinomas (GAC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical staining SP method was used to detect the expression of LMP-1 and p16 in 97 cases of GAC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EBV LMP-1 and p16 protein were detected in 30.9% (30/97) and in 63.91% (62/97) cases of gastric adenocarcinomas respectively. There was no significant difference between EBV-positive and EBV-negative gastric carcinomas in sex, histologic type, depth of tumor invision, lymph node metastasis and clinical stages (P > 0.05); overexpression of p16 was associated with lymph node metastasis and clinical stages; no correlation was found between the expression of EBV LMP-1 and p16 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>1. EBV play a role in carcinogensis of GAC. 2. P16 gene abnormality is frequently involved in GAC and might be one of the important prognostic factors. 3. EBV infection and p16 alteration are two independent roles in GAC carcinogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology , Adult , Aged , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Virology , Viral Matrix Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
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