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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286883


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the characteristics of lymphocyte phenotypes in hepatitis B virus (HBV) transgenic mice and the effect of exogenous interferon-α on virological profiles and lymphocytes phenotypes of the mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HBV transgenic mice and wild-type (WT) mice were examined for serum levels of HBsAg, HBcAb, IL-21, and IL-6 using ELISA. The frequencies of CD4(+)T and CD19(+)B cells separated from the liver, spleen, and peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Nine HBV transgenic mice were injected subcutaneously with recombinant mouse interferon alpha (rmIFN-α) and another 9 transgenic mice were injected with PBS, and their HBsAg, HBV DNA, IL-6, and IL-21 levels and frequencies of peripheral blood CD4(+)T and CD19(+)B cells were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HBV transgenic mice showed a high level of HBsAg with a detectable level of HBcAb and significantly increased serum levels of IL-21 and IL-6 as compared with WT mice (P<0.05). The transgenic mice had a significantly lower frequency of CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood, liver and spleen (P<0.05) but a significantly higher frequency of CD19(+) B cells in the liver (P<0.05). An inverse correlation between intrahepatic CD4(+) T cell frequency and serum HBsAg level while a positive correlation between intrahepatic CD19(+) B cell frequency and HBcAb level were found in HBV transgenic mice. Administration of rmIFN-α significantly increased the frequencies of CD4(+) T and CD19(+) B cells in the peripheral blood and the serum level of IL-6 in HBV transgenic mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBV transgenic mice have lymphocyte subset dysregulation and exogenous interferon-α can modulate the immune function of the mice by regulating the frequencies of lymphocyte subsets.</p>

Animals , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , B-Lymphocytes , DNA, Viral , Blood , Hepatitis B , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Interferon-alpha , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Interleukins , Blood , Liver , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Phenotype , T-Lymphocytes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236311


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Se-riched soybean peptide (SSP) on antioxidant function in rats of fatty liver caused by high-fat diet.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups randomly and fed with standard diet and water (NC), high-fat diet and water (HC), high-fat diet and SSP (0.1 g/d) (SeH), standard diet and SSP (0.1 g/d) (SeN) respectively. After 10 weeks, the rats were killed to investigate the pimelosis level in liver tissues by Sudan III staining and the expression of hepatic GRP78 by immunohistochemical analysis. We also analyzed the changes of liver function, blood lipid, the glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in livers and serum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pimelosis level, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), MDA contents and the expression of GRP78 in HC group were significantly higher than those in NC, SeN, SeH groups. The activities of GSH-Px and SOD in liver and serum were markedly up-regulated in SeH (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between NC and SeN groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SSP can improve liver cell injury and the antioxidant functions in rats with fatty liver effectively and decrease the expression of GRP78 in liver.</p>

Animals , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Liver , Metabolism , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Selenium , Pharmacology , Soybean Proteins , Pharmacology , Soybeans , Chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297002


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an effective method for treating Gentamicin-induced deafness and the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Guinea pigs were randomly divided into 5 groups: normal control group (group A), model group (group B), Ligustrazine group (group C), acupuncture group (group D) and Ligustrazine plus acupuncture group (group E). The group C, D and E were treated respectively by simple Ligustrazine, simple acupuncture at "Tinggong" (SI 19), "Yifeng" (TE 17), and "Waiguan" (TE 5), and Ligustrazine plus acupuncture. Ten days later, the auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds for the wave III , apoptosis and expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in the organ of Corti of the guinea pig were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the group E, the ABR threshold was significantly lower than that in the group C (P<0.05), and apoptotic cells, the expression of Bax protein and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were lower than those in the group C and D in the organ of Corti, and Bcl-2 protein expression was increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at "Tinggong" (SI 19), "Yifeng" (TE 17), and "Waiguan" (TE 5) has a certain target-synergistic action on Ligustrazine and can increase therapeutic effect of Ligustrazine on Gentamicin-induced deafness, which are possible related with the inhibition of apoptosis, down-regulation of Bax expression and up-regulation of Bcl-2 expression.</p>

Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Toxicity , Deafness , Therapeutics , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Female , Gentamicins , Toxicity , Guinea Pigs , Male , Pyrazines , Therapeutic Uses
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290190


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) among village women in Henan and to determine its relevant risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A population based cross-sectional study on cervical cancer was conducted among village women in Xinmi, Henan. Women aged 20 - 54 who had sexual intercourse experiences were enrolled in this study. Self-sampling and direct-sampling were used in collecting women's vaginal discharge. 13 high-risk HPVs were tested with HC2 for all of the specimens. Then women with abnormal results did colposcopy and biopsy. The biopsy results were regarded as the golden standard.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 881 women enrolled in this paper and 881 self-sampling and 880 direct-sampling specimens were collected. The HPVs prevalence rates for the self-sampling and direct-sampling were 13.05% and 12.27%, respectively. Age-specific prevalence rates were 10.57% (20-), 9.60% (25-), 12.00% (30-), 9.52% (35-), 17.60% (40-), 13.74% (45-) and 12.80% (50 - 54). HPV prevalence rates were increased with progression of cervical disease (chi(2) = 200.69, P = 0.00). And HPV prevalence rates were higher in women with more advanced education background (chi(2) = 11.05, P = 0.01). HPV infection rate in women whose husbands have more than one sexual partner was 18.02% and whose husbands have only one sexual partner was 10.88% (chi(2) = 6.37, P = 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The infection rate of high-risk HPVs in this area is high. The relationship of HPV infection with age has not been observed in this study, but the the sexual activity is the major risk factor for cervical cancer.</p>

Adult , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Smegma , Virology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Virology