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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913817

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming essential in the fields of precision oncology. With implementation of NGS in daily clinic, the needs for continued education, facilitated interpretation of NGS results and optimal treatment delivery based on NGS results have been addressed. Molecular tumor board (MTB) is multidisciplinary approach to keep pace with the growing knowledge of complex molecular alterations in patients with advanced solid cancer. Although guidelines for NGS use and MTB have been developed in western countries, there is limitation for reflection of Korea’s public health environment and daily clinical practice. These recommendations provide a critical guidance from NGS panel testing to final treatment decision based on MTB discussion.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892223

ABSTRACT

Background@#As the role of immunotherapies and personalized medicine grow, cancer patients have faced many choices in treatments and have suffered financial toxicity. These challenges brought the need for the value framework (VF) to guide treatment decision making. @*Methods@#A survey was taken to 102 oncologists about perception for VF. They were asked about priorities among several considerations when they prescribe cancer drugs. Their views on the need for development and potential implications of VF in Korea were assessed, also. @*Results@#The survey shows that 90% of the respondents choose clinical efficacy as the most important value in cancer drugs selection, and the cost of drug was more weighted value in immune checkpoint inhibitors (13.7%). Approximately half (53.9%) answered that they were aware of the existing VFs. Over 90% of respondents agreed with the need for development of a VF for cancer drugs based on Korean healthcare system and further usefulness for decisions about reimbursement issues. Seventy-one percent answered that two representative VFs (American Society Clinical Oncology-VF and European Society for Medical OncologyMagnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale) should be reflected in value measurement of cancer drugs in Korea. @*Conclusion@#The Korean oncologists recognized the necessity for the clinical application of VF. Further discussion between the stakeholders should be followed to alleviate the financial burden through the value-based decision making of cancer drugs.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899927

ABSTRACT

Background@#As the role of immunotherapies and personalized medicine grow, cancer patients have faced many choices in treatments and have suffered financial toxicity. These challenges brought the need for the value framework (VF) to guide treatment decision making. @*Methods@#A survey was taken to 102 oncologists about perception for VF. They were asked about priorities among several considerations when they prescribe cancer drugs. Their views on the need for development and potential implications of VF in Korea were assessed, also. @*Results@#The survey shows that 90% of the respondents choose clinical efficacy as the most important value in cancer drugs selection, and the cost of drug was more weighted value in immune checkpoint inhibitors (13.7%). Approximately half (53.9%) answered that they were aware of the existing VFs. Over 90% of respondents agreed with the need for development of a VF for cancer drugs based on Korean healthcare system and further usefulness for decisions about reimbursement issues. Seventy-one percent answered that two representative VFs (American Society Clinical Oncology-VF and European Society for Medical OncologyMagnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale) should be reflected in value measurement of cancer drugs in Korea. @*Conclusion@#The Korean oncologists recognized the necessity for the clinical application of VF. Further discussion between the stakeholders should be followed to alleviate the financial burden through the value-based decision making of cancer drugs.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836495

ABSTRACT

Recent data showed that DNA mismatch repair deficiency can be a predictive biomarker for a favorable response of immune checkpoint inhibitors regardless of tumor type due to give rise to high tumor mutational burden (TMB) and microsatellite instability (MSI). Loss-of-function mutations of a specific tumor suppressor gene can also lead to good response to immunotherapy. Herein, we report a case exhibiting good response to pembrolizumab in a jejunal adenocarcinoma patient with low programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. A 67-yearold man underwent surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. After 10 months, he was treated with palliative chemotherapy due to hepatic and pulmonary metastases. However, palliative chemotherapy did not have any effect whatsoever. Based on genetic testing results of high TMB and high MSI in the resected primary tumor, pembrolizumab treatment was performed. After the three cycles of treatment, all metastatic lesions shrank remarkably. Considering the mechanism of immune checkpoint inhibitors, this case establishes the importance of genetic markers as TMB and MSI rather than PD-L1 expression by the prediction of their anti-tumor activities.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831101

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to compare ramosetron (RAM), aprepitant (APR), and dexamethasone (DEX) [RAD] with palonosetron (PAL), APR, and DEX [PAD] in controlling highly-emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC)–induced nausea and vomiting. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive RAD or PAD:RAM (0.3 mg intravenously) or PAL (0.25 mg intravenously) D1, combined with APR (125 mg orally, D1 and 80 mg orally, D2-3) and DEX (12 mg orally or intravenously, D1 and 8 mg orally, D2-4). Patients were stratified by gender, cisplatin-based chemotherapy, and administration schedule. The primary endpoint was overall complete response (CR), defined as no emesis and no rescue regimen during 5 days of HEC. Secondary endpoints were overall complete protection (CP; CR+nausea score < 25 mm) and total control (TC; CR+nausea score < 5 mm). Quality of life was assessed by Functional Living Index Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire on D0 and D6. @*Results@#A total of 279 patients receiving RAD (n=137) or PAD (n=142) were evaluated. Overall CR rates in RAD and PAD recipients were 81.8% and 79.6% (risk difference [RD], 2.2%; 95% confidence interval [CI], −7.1 to 11.4), respectively. Overall CP and TC rates for RAD and PAD were 56.2% and 58.5% (RD, −2.3%; 95% CI, −13.9 to 9.4) and 47.5% vs. 43.7% (RD, 3.8%; 95% CI, −7.9 to 15.5), respectively. FLIE total score ≥ 108 (no impact on daily life) was comparable between RAD and PAD (73.9% vs. 73.4%, respectively). Adverse events were similar between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#In all aspects of efficacy, safety and QOL, RAD is non-inferior to PAD for the control of CINV in cancer patients receiving HEC.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831069

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Osimertinib is a third-generation, irreversible, oral epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that potently and selectively inhibits both EGFR sensitizing mutation and EGFR T790M and has demonstrated efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) central nervous system (CNS) metastases. We present results of a subgroup analysis of Korean patients from the pooled data of two global phase II trials: AURA extension (NCT01802632) and AURA2 (NCT02094261). @*Materials and Methods@#Enrolled patients had EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC and disease progression during or after EGFR-TKI therapy. Patients received osimertinib 80 mg orally once daily until disease progression. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). @*Results@#In total, 66 Korean patients received osimertinib treatment with a median treatment duration of 19 months. In the evaluable-for-response population (n=62), ORR was 74% (95% confidence interval [CI], 61.5 to 84.5) and median duration of response was 9.8 months (95% CI, 7.1 to 16.8). In the full analysis set (n=66), median progression-free survival was 10.9 months (95% CI, 8.3 to 15.0; data cutoff November 1, 2016), and median overall survival was 29.2 months (95% CI, 24.8 to 35.7; data cutoff May 1, 2018). Eight patients with CNS metastases were evaluable for response, none of whom showed CNS progression. The most common adverse events were rash (53%), cough (33%), paronychia, diarrhea, and decreased appetite (each 32%). @*Conclusion@#Efficacy and safety profiles of osimertinib in this subgroup are consistent with the global phase II pooled population, which supports osimertinib as a recommended treatment for Korean patients with T790M positive NSCLC.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763124

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The optimal cytotoxic regimens have not been established for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who develop disease progression on first-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multi-center randomized phase II trial to compare the clinical outcomes between pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination therapy followed by maintenance pemetrexed (PC) and pemetrexed monotherapy (P) after failure of first-line EGFR-TKI. The primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS), and secondary objectives included overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and safety and toxicity profiles. RESULTS: A total of 96 patientswere randomized, and 91 patientswere treated at 14 centers in Korea. The ORR was 34.8% (16/46) for the PC arm and 17.8% (8/45) for the P arm (p=0.066). With 23.4 months of follow-up, the median PFS was 5.4 months in the PC arm and 6.4 months in the P arm (p=0.114). The median OS was 17.9 months and 15.7 months in PC and P arms, respectively (p=0.787). Adverse events ≥ grade 3 were reported in 12 patients (26.1%) in the PC arm and nine patients (20.0%) in the P arm (p=0.491). The overall time trends of HRQOL were not significantly different between the two arms. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of pemetrexed therapy in NSCLC patients with disease progression after firstline EGFR-TKI might not be improved by adding cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Arm , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cisplatin , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Pemetrexed , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Quality of Life , ErbB Receptors , Tyrosine
8.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 166-175, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761013

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as prognostic factors in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 66 patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with definitive CCRT. Among these patients, 95% received paclitaxel/carboplatin or docetaxel/cisplatin. The median radiation dose was 66 Gy in 33 fractions. The NLR and PLR before/after CCRT were evaluated. The maximally selected log-rank test was used to obtain the cutoff values related to the overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Patients with high post-CCRT NLR (>3.12) showed worse OS, locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) than those with low NLR (2-year OS: 25.8% vs. 68.2%, p 141) showed worse OS and LRPFS than those with low PLR (2-year OS: 37.5% vs. 71.1%, p = 0.004; 2-year LRPFS: 16.5% vs. 40.3%, p = 0.040). Patients with high NLR change (>1.61) showed worse OS and LRPFS than those with low NLR change (2-year OS: 26.0% vs. 59.0%, p < 0.001; 2-year LRPFS: 6.8% vs. 31.8%, p = 0.004). The planning target volume (hazard ration [HR] = 2.05, p = 0.028) and NLR change (HR = 3.17, p = 0.025) were the significant factors for OS in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: NLR change after CCRT was associated with poor prognosis of survival in patients with locally advanced NSCLC. An elevated NLR after CCRT might be an indicator of an increased treatment failure risk.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719712

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) over etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in Korean patients with extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive IP, composed of irinotecan 65 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 8+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 every 3 weeks, or EP, composed of etoposide 100 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1, 2, 3+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles, until disease progression, or until unacceptable toxicity occurred. The primary endpoint was overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 362 patients were randomized to IP (n=173) and EP (n=189) arms. There were no significant differences between IP and EP arms for the median overall survival (10.9 months vs. 10.3 months, p=0.120) and the median progression-free survival (6.5 months vs. 5.8 months, p=0.115). However, there was a significant difference in response rate (62.4% vs. 48.2%, p=0.006). The pre-planned subgroup analyses showed that IP was associated with longer overall survival in male (11.3 months vs. 10.1 months, p=0.036), < 65 years old (12.7 months vs. 11.3 months, p=0.024), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0/1 (12.4 months vs. 10.9 months, p=0.040) patient groups. The severity of treatment-related adverse events such as grade 3/4 anemia, nausea and diarrhea was more frequent in patients treated with IP. CONCLUSION: The IP chemotherapy did not significantly improve the survival compared with EP chemotherapy in Korean patients with extensive-disease SCLC.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Arm , Cisplatin , Diarrhea , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Nausea , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With the emergence of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology, profiling a wide range of genomic alterations has become a possibility resulting in improved implementation of targeted cancer therapy. In Asian populations, the prevalence and spectrum of clinically actionable genetic alterations has not yet been determined because of a lack of studies examining high-throughput cancer genomic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address this issue, 1,071 tumor samples were collected from five major cancer institutes in Korea and analyzed using targeted NGS at a centralized laboratory. Samples were either fresh frozen or formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) and the quality and yield of extracted genomic DNA was assessed. In order to estimate the effect of sample condition on the quality of sequencing results, tissue preparation method, specimen type (resected or biopsied) and tissue storage time were compared. RESULTS: We detected 7,360 non-synonymous point mutations, 1,164 small insertions and deletions, 3,173 copy number alterations, and 462 structural variants. Fifty-four percent of tumors had one or more clinically relevant genetic mutation. The distribution of actionable variants was variable among different genes. Fresh frozen tissues, surgically resected specimens, and recently obtained specimens generated superior sequencing results over FFPE tissues, biopsied specimens, and tissues with long storage duration. CONCLUSION: In order to overcome, challenges involved in bringing NGS testing into routine clinical use, a centralized laboratory model was designed that could improve the NGS workflows, provide appropriate turnaround times and control costs with goal of enabling precision medicine.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Asians , DNA , Humans , Korea , Methods , Paraffin , Point Mutation , Precision Medicine , Prevalence
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#The outcome of local treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains poor, with therapies such as induction chemotherapy (IC) yielding conflicting results. This study aimed to assess the clinicopathologic and prognostic significance of the excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), beclin-1, and glucose-regulated protein of molecular mass 78 (GRP78) in patients with locally advanced NSCLC receiving docetaxel-platinum IC, along with efficacy and safety.@*METHODS@#This is a retrospective observational cohort study. We reviewed medical records of 31 NSCLC patients receiving docetaxel-platinum IC, and conducted immunohistochemical staining of ERCC1, beclin-1, and GRP78.@*RESULTS@#Response rate was 67.8% with 10.7 months of median relapse-free survival (RFS) and 23.1 months of median overall survival (OS), and no treatment-related death was reported. High expression of ERCC1, beclin-1, and GRP78 was identified in 67.7%, 87.1%, and 67.7%, respectively. Expression of ERCC1 and GRP78 did not reveal statistical significance in survival, whereas high beclin-1 expression revealed longer OS (7.6 months vs. 23.2 months; log-rank p = 0.024). In multivariate analysis, histologic differentiation (hazard ratio [HR], 3.48; p < 0.001), stage (HR, 8.5; p = 0.024), and adjuvant treatment (HR, 16.1; p = 0.001) were related to RFS, and in OS, stage (HR, 5.4; p = 0.037), adjuvant treatment (HR, 8.6; p = 0.004), and beclin-1 expression (HR, 8.2; p = 0.011) were identified as significant prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggest that high beclin-1 expression predicts longer survival in locally advanced NSCLC and docetaxel-platinum IC is a treatment option that deserves consideration.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard procedure to evaluate suspicious lymph node involvement of lung cancer because computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) have limitations in their sensitivity and specificity. There are a number of benign causes of false positive lymph node such as anthracosis or anthracofibrosis, pneumoconiosis, old or active tuberculosis, interstitial lung disease, and other infectious conditions including pneumonia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible causes of false positive lymph node detected in chest CT or PET-CT. METHODS: Two hundred forty-seven patients who were initially diagnosed with lung cancer between May 2009 and December 2012, and underwent EBUS-TBNA to confirm suspicious lymph node involvement by chest CT or PET-CT were analyzed for the study. RESULTS: Of 247 cases, EBUS-TBNA confirmed malignancy in at least one lymph node in 189. The remaining 58 patients whose EBUS-TBNA results were negative were analyzed. Age ≥65, squamous cell carcinoma as the histologic type, and pneumoconiosis were related with false-positive lymph node involvement on imaging studies such as chest CT and PET-CT. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that lung cancer staging should be done more carefully when a patient has clinically benign lymph node characteristics including older age, squamous cell carcinoma, and benign lung conditions.


Subject(s)
Anthracosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Electrons , Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Needles , Pneumoconiosis , Pneumonia , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis
14.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 146-150, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105541

ABSTRACT

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis involving the small vessels with distinct clinical features. The etiology of HSP is diverse, and viral infection is one of the many predisposing factors. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection mostly affects immune-suppressed patients, but rarely patients with normal immunity can also be affected. Authors experienced a case of HSP patient, with underlying small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) with CMV duodenitis. This is a rare case of HSP diagnosed in SCLC patient with predisposing factor of CMV infection.


Subject(s)
Causality , Cytomegalovirus , Duodenitis , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Purpura , Systemic Vasculitis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149384

ABSTRACT

A 58 year-old woman was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma (cT3N1M0). We detected a point mutation in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 21 (L858R) and an echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4- anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement. The patient was treated with preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy and underwent a left lower lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection. However, we could not detect any mutation in EGFR or the ALK rearrangement from the tumor tissue removed. Then, 70 days after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy, she visited our outpatient clinic with diminished visual accuracy and tinnitus. A single brain metastatic lesion was seen on brain magnetic resonance imaging. She underwent surgical removal of the brain mass, which showed a mutation of EGFR, exon 21, but no ALK rearrangement. We report this unusual case of lung adenocarcinoma with a coexisting EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement, and identify gene alterations before chemotherapy, after chemotherapy, and at recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Brain , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Exons , Female , Humans , Lung , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Phosphotransferases , Point Mutation , ErbB Receptors , Recurrence , Tinnitus
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210751

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We recently reported on a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial comparing pemetrexed-cisplatin chemotherapy followed by gefitinib maintenance therapy (PC/G) with gefitinib monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we report on a post hoc subgroup analysis of that study assessing the demographics and disposition of the Korean patient subgroup, and comparing the tolerability of PC/G and gefitinib monotherapy and the tumor response with respect to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients, who were ≥ 18 years, chemonaïve, Korean, light ex-smokers/never-smokers with advanced NSCLC, were randomly assigned (1:1) to PC/G or gefitinib monotherapy. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were graded, and tumor response was measured as change in lesion sum from baseline at best response. The study was registered with ClinicalTrials. gov, NCT01017874. RESULTS: Overall, 111 Korean patients were treated (PC/G, 51; gefitinib, 60). Between-arm characteristics were balanced and similar to those of the overall population. Treatment discontinuations due to adverse events were low (PC/G: 1, 2.0%; gefitinib: 7, 11.7%). Overall, 92 patients (82.9%) reported ≥ 1 TEAE (PC/G, 44; gefitinib, 48); few patients (PC/G, 16; gefitinib, 7) reported severe TEAEs; the most frequent was neutropenia (PC/G arm) and elevated alanine aminotransferase (gefitinib arm). The lesion sum was decreased by PC/G treatment in most patients, regardless of EGFR mutation status, while gefitinib monotherapy reduced the lesion sum in EGFR-positive patients but had no effect in EGFR-negative patients. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that both PC/G and gefitinib were well tolerated in Korean patients, regardless of EGFR status; however, patients with EGFR wild-type NSCLC may not benefit from gefitinib monotherapy.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Demography , Drug Therapy , Humans , Korea , Neutropenia , ErbB Receptors
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1177-1186, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109758

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: REVEL demonstrated improved overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and objective response rate (ORR) with docetaxel+ramucirumab versus docetaxel+placebo in 1,253 intent-to-treat (ITT) stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients with disease progression following platinum-based chemotherapy. Results from the East Asian subgroup analysis are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subgroup analyses were performed in the East Asian ITT population (n=89). Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression were performed for OS and PFS, and the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test was performed for response rate. RESULTS: In docetaxel+ramucirumab (n=43) versus docetaxel+placebo (n=46), median OS was 15.44 months versus 10.17 months (hazard ratio [HR], 0.762; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.444 to 1.307), median PFS was 4.88 months versus 2.79 months (HR, 0.658; 95% CI, 0.408 to 1.060), and ORR was 25.6% (95% CI, 13.5 to 41.2) versus 8.7% (95% CI, 2.4 to 20.8). Due to increased incidence of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia in East Asian patients, starting dose of docetaxel was reduced for newly enrolled East Asian patients (75 to 60 mg/m², n=24). In docetaxel+ramucirumab versus docetaxel+placebo, incidence of neutropenia was 84.4% versus 72.7% (75 mg/m²) and 54.5% versus 38.5% (60 mg/m²). Incidence of febrile neutropenia was 43.8% versus 12.1% (75 mg/m²) and 0% versus 7.7% (60 mg/m²). CONCLUSION: Results of this subgroup analysis showed a trend favoring ramucirumab+docetaxel for median OS, PFS, and improved ORR in East Asian patients, consistent with ITT population results. Reduction of starting dose of docetaxel in East Asian patients was associated with improved safety.


Subject(s)
Asians , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Far East , Febrile Neutropenia , Humans , Incidence , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neutropenia
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1167-1176, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98817

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the prognostic factors for distant metastasis (DM) in patients with locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) treated with surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients treated between January 1995 and August 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Data regarding the pathological tumour and nodal status, human papillomavirus (HPV) status, treatment characteristics, and pretreatment maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography–computed tomography scan (¹⁸F-FDG PET-CT) were evaluated, and their influence on DM and survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Median follow-up period was 48.0 months. Recurrence was observed in 20 patients, including locoregional recurrence and DM. DM was observed in 13 patients. A multivariate analysis confirmed that the presence of lymphovascular invasion (p=0.031), lower neck lymph node (LN) involvement (p=0.006), SUVmax ≥ 9.7 (p=0.014), and tumour size ≥ 3 cm (p=0.037) significantly affected DM. HPV status was not associated with DM. Perineural invasion (p=0.048), lower neck LNinvolvement (p=0.008), SUVmax ≥ 9.7 (p=0.019), and tumour size ≥ 3 cm (p=0.033) were also significant factors for the DM-free survival rate. CONCLUSION: Lower neck LN involvement, high SUVmax in pretreatment ¹⁸F-FDG PET-CT, and large tumour size were predictive factors for DM in patients of OPC.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Electrons , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1110-1119, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-68883

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze clinical characteristics of skeletal metastasis in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and treatment outcomes of continued EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy in patients presenting with skeletal metastasis progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 216 patients treated with EGFR-TKI for management of stage III-IV NSCLC between 2006 and 2012 in Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, 76 patients with confirmed EGFR-mutated NSCLC with skeletal metastases during therapy were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of 76 patients with EGFR mutant lung cancer with skeletal metastasis, 37 patients developed first progressive disease (PD) in skeletal regions. EGFR-TKI was continued in these 37 patients after first PD in skeletal regions. Median time to first PD of skeletal regions was 8.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.8 to 13.0). Median time of continued EGFR-TKI after first PD of skeletal regions was 8.0 months (95% CI, 2.9 to 13.0) in patients with disease progression of preexisting regions, 5.6 months (95% CI, 4.5 to 6.7) in patients showing new localized regions, and 3.3 months (95% CI, 1.1 to 5.5) in patients with multiple new metastatic regions (p=0.006). Median time of postskeletal metastasis progression survival was 23.0 months (95% CI, 13.5 to 32.5), 15.0 months (95% CI, 3 to 34.7), and 7.0 months (95% CI, 6.0 to 8.0) (p=0.004) in the above described patient groups, respectively. Overall, seven patients (18.9%) had more than one episode of skeletal progression of disease without extraskeletal PD. CONCLUSION: Continued EGFR-TKI treatment with adequate local treatment after progression of skeletal metastasis may be considered for patients who show disease progression in preexisting regions or local progression.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Disease Progression , Epidermal Growth Factor , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , ErbB Receptors , Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28306

ABSTRACT

Standardized uptake value (SUV), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) have been considered prognostic factors for survival in many cancers. However, their prognostic value for radiotherapy-treated squamous esophageal cancer has not been evaluated. In this study, SUV, MTV, and TLG were measured to predict their prognostic role in overall survival (OS) in 38 esophageal cancer patients who had undergone 18F-FDG PET/CT before radiotherapy. TLG demonstrated higher sensitivity and specificity for predicting OS than MTV and SUV; and a better OS was observed in patients with low TLG compared to those with high TLG in locally advanced disease (OS, 46.9 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33.50-60.26 vs. 25.3 months; 95% CI, 8.37-42.28; P=0.003). Multivariate analyses in these patients determined that TLG and the use of combination chemotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS (hazard ratio [HR], 7.12; 95% CI, 2.038-24.857; P=0.002 and HR, 6.76; 95% CI, 2.149-21.248; P=0.001, respectively). These results suggest that TLG is an independent prognostic factor for OS and a better predictor of survival than MTV and SUV in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer treated with radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Area Under Curve , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/chemistry , Glycolysis/physiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , ROC Curve , Radiopharmaceuticals/chemistry , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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