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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830766

ABSTRACT

Background@#Several oncoplastic approaches have been implemented in recent years to enhance cosmetic results and to reduce complications. The round block technique is a volume displacement technique for breast reconstruction after breast-conserving surgery (BCS). However, its indications are currently limited according to tumor location, and its cosmetic results and complications have not been clearly established. We hypothesized that the round block technique could produce favorable cosmetic results without major complications regardless of tumor location or nipple-tumor distance, below a certain resected tumor volume and tumor-breast volume ratio. @*Methods@#All breast reconstructions using the round block technique after BCS were included in this analysis. Patients’ data were reviewed retrospectively to investigate complications during follow-up, and clinical photos were used to evaluate cosmetic results. The relationships of tumor location, nipple-tumor distance, tumor volume, and the tumor-breast volume ratio with cosmetic results were investigated. @*Results@#In total, 108 breasts were reconstructed. The mean resected tumor volume was 30.2±15.0 mL. The cosmetic score was 4.5±0.6 out of 5. Tumor location, nipple-tumor distance, tumor volume, tumor-breast volume ratio, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy had no significant effects on cosmetic results or complications. There were no major complications requiring reoperation. @*Conclusions@#Breast reconstruction using the round block technique after BCS can lead to good cosmetic results without major complications regardless of the tumor location, nipple-tumor distance, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy. Below the maximum tumor volume (79.2 mL) and the maximum tumor-breast volume ratio (14%), favorable results were consistently obtained.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830580

ABSTRACT

After a partial mastectomy, large or ptotic breasts can be reconstructed using breast reduction techniques. Wise-pattern reduction is typically used to remove masses in any quadrant of the breast, but this technique leaves a large inverted T-shaped scar. Instead, the short scar periareolar inferior pedicle reduction (SPAIR) technique involves a periareolar line and does not result in a scar along the inframammary fold (IMF). A 49-year-old patient with macromastia and severely ptotic breasts was diagnosed with invasive cancer of the left breast. Her large breasts caused pain in her back, shoulders, and neck. She also expressed concern about postsurgical scarring along the IMF. In light of this concern, we chose the SPAIR technique, and we designed and performed the procedure as described by Hammond. During surgery, we removed 36 g of breast tumor and 380 g of breast parenchyma from the left breast. To establish symmetry, we also removed 410 g of tissue from the right breast. Postoperatively, the patient reported satisfaction regarding the reduction mammaplasty and, in particular, noted decreased back, shoulder, and neck pain. In summary, we used the SPAIR technique to achieve oncologic and aesthetic success in a patient with macromastia and a tumor located lateral to the nipple-areolar complex.

3.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 49-56, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786417

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lesch types 2 (L2, anxiety model) and 3 (L3, depressive model) of alcoholism exhibit different responses to anti-craving agents, and most treatment guidelines provide differential treatment strategies for bipolar depression (DEP) and unipolar DEP. We compare the psychological characteristics of L2 and L3 alcoholism and between the unipolar and bipolar subgroups.METHODS: We reviewed medical records of patients who were diagnosed with alcohol use disorder using the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria and classified as L2 and L3 using Lesch Alcohol typology software. All patients completed self-report scales (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT], Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI], Beck Depression Inventory-II [BDI-II], and Korean Symptom Checklist-95 [KSCL95]). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test, and ANOVA.RESULTS: Of the 43 patients, 23 were assigned L2, and 20 were assigned L3. The scores for the KSCL95 subscales fell generally in the increasing order of the L2-unipolar (L2U, n=10), L2-bipolar (L2B, n=13), L3-unipolar (L3U, n=11), and L3-bipolar (L3B, n=9) types. The L3B scores were greater than the L3U scores for most KSCL95 subscales, by contrast with the DEP and BAI scores.CONCLUSION: We found psychological differences between L2 and L3 and identified the unique psychological characteristics for each subgroup by polarity. The psychological characteristics of these subgroups of alcohol use disorder may help improve the treatment success rates through individualized treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Alcoholism , Anxiety , Bipolar Disorder , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Humans , Medical Records , Weights and Measures
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719712

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of irinotecan plus cisplatin (IP) over etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) in Korean patients with extensive-disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive IP, composed of irinotecan 65 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 8+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 every 3 weeks, or EP, composed of etoposide 100 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1, 2, 3+cisplatin 70 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles, until disease progression, or until unacceptable toxicity occurred. The primary endpoint was overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 362 patients were randomized to IP (n=173) and EP (n=189) arms. There were no significant differences between IP and EP arms for the median overall survival (10.9 months vs. 10.3 months, p=0.120) and the median progression-free survival (6.5 months vs. 5.8 months, p=0.115). However, there was a significant difference in response rate (62.4% vs. 48.2%, p=0.006). The pre-planned subgroup analyses showed that IP was associated with longer overall survival in male (11.3 months vs. 10.1 months, p=0.036), < 65 years old (12.7 months vs. 11.3 months, p=0.024), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0/1 (12.4 months vs. 10.9 months, p=0.040) patient groups. The severity of treatment-related adverse events such as grade 3/4 anemia, nausea and diarrhea was more frequent in patients treated with IP. CONCLUSION: The IP chemotherapy did not significantly improve the survival compared with EP chemotherapy in Korean patients with extensive-disease SCLC.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Arm , Cisplatin , Diarrhea , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Etoposide , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Male , Nausea , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1600-1611, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763201

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) at 1-year post-diagnosis in breast cancer (BC) patients and its association with overall survival using data from the National Cancer Center Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a BC cohort were first obtained between 2004 and 2006 and followed up. HRQOL was assessed using EORTC QLQ-C30 and BC specific module QLQ-BR23 few days after diagnosis and 1 year after that. We examined and compared the difference in the two HRQOL scores measured for each patient by the patient's current survival status. The Cox proportional hazards model was fitted to evaluate the impact of HRQOL on survival, with adjustment for baseline HRQOL and other factors. RESULTS: Of 299 enrolled patients, 206 responded at 1-year post-diagnosis (80.6%) and were followed up for 11.6 years on average. At 1-year post-diagnosis, survivors had better HRQOL scores than those who died, although their health status was similar at baseline. Survivors reported significant increase 1 year after diagnosis in global health status and emotional scales. Between the groups, functional scales such as physical, role, and emotional were significantly different. Functional scales, including physical (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.70), role (aHR, 0.68), emotional (aHR, 0.72), and symptom scales, including fatigue (aHR, 1.34), dyspnea (aHR, 1.29), appetite loss (aHR, 1.24) were significantly associated with overall survival. Patients who were less worried about future health had favorable survival(aHR, 0.83). CONCLUSION: Besides treatment-related symptoms, non-medical aspects at 1-year post-diagnosis, including functional well-being and future perspective, are predictive of long-term survival. Intervention to enhance physical, role, and emotional support for women soon after their BC diagnosis might help to improve disease survival outcomes afterwards.


Subject(s)
Appetite , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Fatigue , Female , Global Health , Humans , Korea , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Survivors , Weights and Measures
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714796

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a popular procedure for acute appendicitis. Its minimally invasive nature has made LA a commonly performed surgical technique for surgical residents. However, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) poses a challenge to inexperienced surgical residents. We described our initial experience in teaching SILS for appendectomy in our medical center. METHODS: Twenty nine cases of SILA were performed by single surgical resident and 110 cases of LA were performed by four surgical residents and five board-certified surgeons. Data were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean SILA and multi-port laparoscopic appendectomy (MLA) operative time was 44.5±14 min (range 25~85 min) and 74.8±26 min (range 20~125 min), respectively. The shorter time for SILA was significant (p<0.05). Postoperative hospital stay was 3.3±1.6 days (range 2~6 days) following SILA and 4.0±2.9 days (range 2~12 days) following MLA (p<0.05). Three cases of wound infection developed following SILA. Complications in the MLA patients included one cases each of operative bladder injury and postoperative ileus. CONCLUSION: SILA is a considerable training method for laparoscopic surgery for a surgical resident learning SILS.


Subject(s)
Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Humans , Ileus , Laparoscopy , Learning , Length of Stay , Methods , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Urinary Bladder , Wound Infection
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714780

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sacral dimples are a common cutaneous anomaly in infants. Spine ultrasonography (USG) is an effective and safe screening tool for patients with a sacral dimple. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical manifestations in patients with an isolated sacral dimple and to review the management of spinal cord abnormalities identified with USG. METHODS: We reviewed clinical records and collected data on admissions for a sacral dimple from March 2014 through February 2017 that were evaluated with spine USG by a pediatric radiologist. During the same period, patients who were admitted for other complaints, but were found to have a sacral dimple were also included. RESULTS: This study included 230 infants under 6-months-old (130 males and 100 females; mean age 52.8±42.6 days). Thirty-one infants with a sacral dimple had an echogenic filum terminale, and 57 children had a filar cyst. Twenty-seven patients had a low-lying spinal cord, and only one patient was suspected of having a tethered cord. Follow-up spine USG was performed in 28 patients, which showed normalization or insignificant change. CONCLUSION: In this study, all but one infant with a sacral dimple had benign imaging findings. USG can be recommended in infants with a sacral dimple for its convenience and safety.


Subject(s)
Cauda Equina , Child , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Mass Screening , Skin Abnormalities , Spinal Cord , Spine , Ultrasonography
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The Korean Dizziness Handicap Inventory (KDHI), which includes 25 patient-reported items, has been used to assess self-reported dizziness in Korean patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Nevertheless, few studies have examined the KDHI based on item-response theory within this population. The aim of our study was to address the feasibility and clinimetric properties of the KDHI instrument using polytomous Rasch measurement analysis. METHODS: The unidimensionality, scale targeting, separation reliability, item difficulty (severity), and response category utility of the KDHI were statistically assessed based on the Andrich rating scale model. The utilities of the orderedresponse categories of the 3-point Likert scale were analyzed with reference to the probability curves of the response categories. The separation reliability of the KDHI was assessed based on person separation reliability (PSR), which is used to measure the capacity to discriminate among groups of patients with different levels of balance deficits. RESULTS: Principal component analyses of residuals revealed that the KDHI had unidimensionality. The KHDI had satisfactory PSR and there were no disordered thresholds in the 3-point rating scale. However, the KDHI showed several issues for inappropriate scale targeting and misfit items (items 1 and 2) for Rasch model. CONCLUSIONS: The KDHI provide unidimensional measures of imbalance symptoms in patients with PD with adequate separation reliability. There was no statistical evidence of disorder in polytomous rating scales. The Rasch analysis results suggest that the KDHI is a reliable scale for measuring the imbalance symptoms in PD patients, and identified parts for possible amendments in order to further improve the linear metric scale.


Subject(s)
Dizziness , Humans , Parkinson Disease , Principal Component Analysis , Weights and Measures
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718236

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Headache is a common symptom during childhood. It is usually persistent and requires special care. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of headache in children < 7 years of age. METHODS: We reviewed 3 years of clinical files on children < 7 years of age with a chief complaint of headache. RESULTS: This study included 146 children (66 males, 80 females; mean age, 5.5±1.0 years). Mean symptom duration was 5.8±7.9 months. Attack durations were longer than 2 hours in 31 patients, shorter than 2 hours in 70 patients, and unchecked in 45 patients. Attack frequency was 15.1±10.6 times per month. Pain locations and characteristics were also variable. Mean pain severity score was 5.1±2.2 on the visual analog scale. Of 38 patients who underwent electroencephalography, 9 showed positive findings. Of 41 who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging, 20 showed positive findings. The diagnoses were migraine (including probable migraine) in 34, tension-type headache in 5, and congenital malformations in 3. Medications were used in 29 patients: acetaminophen in 17, ibuprofen in 8, naproxen sodium in 1, and topiramate or amitriptyline in 3. CONCLUSION: In children aged < 7 years, headache has a relatively benign course, but detailed history taking is needed for more accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Amitriptyline , Brain , Child , Diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Female , Headache , Humans , Ibuprofen , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Migraine Disorders , Naproxen , Tension-Type Headache , Visual Analog Scale
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We examined the factors influencing subjective memory complaints among community dwelling elderly in urban area. METHODS: The subjects of this research were 160 community-dwelling elderly people without dementia and major depressive disorder. The questionnaires regarding the socio-demographic characteristics were conducted by each person. They include Korean version of Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaires (SMCQ), Korean version of Short Geriatric Depression Scale (SGDS-K) and Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE). Subjective memory complaints were defined as above 4 points of SMCQ. RESULTS: 39.38% of the subjects had subjective memory complaints. There were significant associations between subjective memory complaints and SGDS-K (p < 0.001), physical illness (p=0.001), but there was no association with K-MMSE (p=0.383). CONCLUSION: There is a discrepancy between subjective memory complaints and actual cognitive impairments. This discrepancy suggests that the depressive disorders including minor depressive disorder and subsyndromal depression, might play a role in the subjective memory complaints rather than actual cognitive impairments in community-dwelling elderly people. Therefore, the treatments for the depressive disorders should be considered in dealing with the subjective memory complaints.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cognition Disorders , Dementia , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Depressive Disorder, Major , Humans , Independent Living , Memory
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217841

ABSTRACT

An exon 19 deletion and a L858R mutation in exon 21 of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are the two most common mutations that predict favorable efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Many retrospective and prospective studies, as well as meta-analyses including patients with NSCLC with various lines of EGFR TKI treatment, have demonstrated longer progression-free survival and sometimes more favorable overall survival in patients with an exon 19 deletion than those with the L858R or other mutations. In contrast, some clinical studies, including phase III trials, have demonstrated no difference in the efficacy of EGFR TKIs according to the EGFR mutation type. Therefore, the existence of clinically significant differences in sensitivity to EGFR-TKIs among different EGFR mutation subtypes remains controversial. In this review, we summarize the evidence suggesting different outcomes according to the type of EGFR mutation in patients with advanced NSCLC who were treated with EGFR-TKIs, along with their clinical significance. We also discuss possible mechanisms that can explain the different sensitivities to EGFR TKIs between cases with an exon 19 deletion and those with the L858R mutation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Exons , Humans , Phosphotransferases , Prospective Studies , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , ErbB Receptors , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63855

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The effects of biological subtypes within breast cancer on prognosis are influenced by age at diagnosis. We investigated the association of young age with locoregional recurrence (LRR) between patients with luminal subtypes versus those with nonluminal subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 524 breast cancer patients with positive lymph nodes between 1999 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients received curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy based on contemporary guidelines. Radiation was delivered for patients who underwent breast conserving surgery or those who had four or more positive lymph nodes after mastectomy. Adjuvant hormone therapy was administered to 413 patients with positive hormone receptors according to their menstrual status. RESULTS: During median follow-up of 84 months, the 10-year locoregional recurrence-free survival rate (LRRFS) was 84.3% for all patients. Patients < 40 years showed significantly worse 10-year LRRFS than those ≥ 40 years (73.2% vs. 89.0%, respectively; p=0.01). The negative effect of young age on LRRFS was only observed in luminal subtypes (69.7% for < 40 years vs. 90.8% for ≥ 40 years; p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis using luminal subtypes ≥ 40 years as a reference revealed luminal subtypes < 40 years were significantly associated with increased risk of LRR (hazard ratio, 2.33; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Young breast cancer patients with positive lymph nodes had a higher risk of LRR than those aged ≥ 40 years. This detrimental effect of young age on LRR was confined in luminal subtypes.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Phenobarbital , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13600

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old woman visited our hospital for bilateral multiple lung nodules and a mass in her thorax. She had a long history of multiple metastatic recurrences of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN); 24 years previously, the patient had undergone pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for a 9.9 × 8.6 cm mass in the pancreatic head. The tumor was diagnosed as an SPN. Nine years later, metastatic nodules were found on computed tomography in the patient's liver and peritoneum and were excised. She subsequently underwent an additional eight metastatectomy procedures in diverse organs. For the presented event, the lung nodules were removed. The prevalence of malignant SPN in the general population is 5%–15%. However, multiple metastatic recurrence of malignant SPN is rare; the lung is a particularly rare site of metastasis, found in only three cases in the literature. Here, we describe this exceptional case and provide a literature review.


Subject(s)
Female , Head , Humans , Liver , Lung , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreas , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Peritoneum , Prevalence , Recurrence , Thorax
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651630

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oroantral fistula is an epithelialized communication between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment of oroantral fistula. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Patients who have undergone treatment for oroantral fistula between May 1995 and December 2015 were enrolled in this study. The demographic data of these patients and characteristics of oroantral fistula were analyzed. Patients with oroantral fistula were initially administered oral antibiotics for 3 weeks. If fistula persists in spite of the medication, surgery (soft tissue flap with or without bone graft) was performed. The surgical results according to the presence of bone graft were compared. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were in accordance with the inclusion criteria. The male to female ratio of patients was 12:10, with the mean age of 47.9±13.4 years. The main complaint of patients was pus discharge from the fistula. Two patients were successfully treated with antibiotics whereas 20 patients underwent surgery. Recurrence occurred in 3 patients, who were treated with soft tissue flap, but no recurrence developed in the patients treated with soft tissue flap and bone graft. Although dehiscence of soft tissue flap occurred in one patient treated with bone graft, it was successfully treated by secondary intention without an additional surgery. CONCLUSION: Bone graft bears the negative pressure of the oral cavity and the weight of secretions including the blood. In addition, it induces secondary intention for the dehiscence of the flap. In this regard, bone graft seems to contribute to the surgical success of oroantral fistula.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bone Transplantation , Female , Fistula , Humans , Intention , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Methods , Mouth , Oral Surgical Procedures , Oroantral Fistula , Recurrence , Suppuration , Surgical Flaps , Transplants
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9509

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: SIRT7 is one of the histone deacetylases and is NAD-dependent. It forms a complex with ETS-like transcription factor 4 (ELK4), which deacetylates H3K18ac and works as a transcriptional suppressor. Overexpression of SIRT7 and deacetylation of H3K18ac have been shown to be associated with aggressive clinical behavior in some cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study investigated the immunohistochemical expression of SIRT7, H3K18ac, and ELK4 in hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 278 HCC patients were enrolled in this study. Tissue microarray blocks were made from existing paraffin-embedded blocks. Immunohistochemical expressions of SIRT7, H3K18ac and ELK4 were scored and analyzed. RESULTS: High SIRT7 (p = .034), high H3K18ac (p = .001), and low ELK4 (p = .021) groups were associated with poor outcomes. Age < 65 years (p = .028), tumor size ≥ 5 cm (p = .001), presence of vascular emboli (p = .003), involvement of surgical margin (p = .001), and high American Joint Committee on Cancer stage (III&V) (p < .001) were correlated with worse prognoses. In multivariate analysis, H3K18ac (p = .001) and ELK4 (p = .015) were the significant independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: High SIRT7 expression with poor overall survival implies that deacetylation of H3K18ac contributes to progression of HCC. High H3K18ac expression with poor prognosis is predicted due to a compensation mechanism. In addition, high ELK4 expression with good prognosis suggests another role of ELK4 as a tumor suppressor beyond SIRT7's helper. In conclusion, we could assume that the H3K18ac deacetylation pathway is influenced by many other factors.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Compensation and Redress , Histone Deacetylases , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Joints , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Transcription Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11107

ABSTRACT

Benign perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) of the lung is a rare benign neoplasm, a sclerosing variant of which is even rarer. We present a case of 51-year-old man who was diagnosed with benign sclerosing PEComa by percutaneous fine needle aspiration cytology and biopsy. The aspirate revealed a few cell clusters composed of bland-looking polygonal or spindle cells with fine granular or clear cytoplasm. Occasional fine vessel-like structures with surrounding hyalinized materials were seen. The patient later underwent wedge resection of the lung. The histopathological study of the resected specimen revealed sheets of polygonal cells with clear vacuolated cytoplasm, variably sized thin blood vessels, and densely hyalinized stroma. In immunohistochemical studies, reactivity of tumor cells for human melanoma black 45 and Melan-A further supported the diagnosis of benign sclerosing PEComa. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of benign sclerosing PEComa described in lung.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Blood Vessels , Cytoplasm , Diagnosis , Epithelioid Cells , Humans , Hyalin , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , MART-1 Antigen , Melanoma , Middle Aged , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183080

ABSTRACT

For decades, maintenance chemotherapy has failed to improve the cure rate or prolong the survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), other than those with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Immediately after the first complete remission following consolidation therapy was obtained, oral maintenance chemotherapy (daily 6-mercaptopurine and weekly methotrexate) was given and continued for two years in transplant-ineligible AML patients. Leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were studied and compared between these patients and the historical control group who did not receive maintenance therapy. Consecutive 52 transplant-ineligible AML patients were analyzed. Among these patients, 27 received oral maintenance chemotherapy. No significant difference was found in the patients' characteristics between the maintenance and the control groups. The median OS was 43 (95% CI, 19-67) and 19 (95% CI, 8-30) months in the maintenance and the control groups, respectively (P = 0.202). In the multivariate analysis, the presence of maintenance therapy was an independent prognostic factor for better OS (P = 0.021) and LFS (P = 0.024). Clinical benefit from maintenance chemotherapy was remarkable in older patients (> or = 60 yr) (P = 0.035), those with intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics (P = 0.006), those with initial low blast count in peripheral blood (P = 0.044), and those receiving less than two cycles of consolidation therapy (P = 0.017). Maintenance oral chemotherapy as a post-remission therapy can prolong the survival of patients with AML who are not eligible for transplantation, particularly older patients, those with intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics, those with initial low blast count, and those receiving less than two cycles of consolidation therapy.


Subject(s)
Mercaptopurine/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Idarubicin/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Maintenance Chemotherapy/methods , Male , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44479

ABSTRACT

Phosphate is an essential ion and plays a vital role in many physiological processes. Carpopedal spasm is known as a symptom of hypocalcemia, or rarely, hypomagnesemia. We present an unusual case of carpal spasm seen in a patient with hypophosphatemia. A fourteen year old boy was admitted with acute onset of both carpal spasm after vomiting and diarrhea. Biochemical investigation revealed only moderate hypophosphatemia without hypocalcemia. Other laboratory findings including hormone tests were normal. Carpal spasm improved with correction of hypophosphatemia. The phathophysiology of neurologic dysfunction related to hypophosphatemia is not clear yet. Careful observation of serum electrolytes including phosphate is necessary when the patient has neurologic symptoms.


Subject(s)
Diarrhea , Electrolytes , Humans , Hypocalcemia , Hypophosphatemia , Male , Neurologic Manifestations , Physiological Phenomena , Spasm , Vomiting
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63600

ABSTRACT

In addition to classical triad such as gait disturbance, urinary incontinence and dementia, parkinsonian extrapyramidal motor signs and neuropsychiatric symptoms can be observed in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). In our case, a 46 year old female patient showed extrapyramidal symptoms such as bradykinesia, rigidity and neuropsychiatric symptoms such as agitation, anxiety, restlessness and regressed behavior beside two(gait disturbance & urinary incontinence) symptoms of three classical triad. It was difficult to diagnose this patient as NPH from the beginning because of her relatively young age and previous psychiatric mediation history for controlling advanced anxiety and affective disorder. Antiparkinsonian agents and discontinuation of psychiatric medications did not work for this patient. Patient's brain computed tomographic finding showed enlarged ventricles. We suspected NPH and did empirical drainage of 30mL CSF. Finally, patient's pyramidal and neuropsychiatric symptoms as well as two of three classical triad of NPH were improved dramatically within several days. It is important to consider NPH as one of the differential diagnosis in patient with parkinsonian symptoms and various neuropsychiatric symptoms who did not respond to usual clinical management especially in case of ventricular enlargement in neuroimaging because of its treatable property by CSF shunt operation.


Subject(s)
Antiparkinson Agents , Anxiety , Bipolar Disorder , Brain , Dementia , Diagnosis, Differential , Dihydroergotamine , Drainage , Female , Gait , Humans , Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure , Hypokinesia , Mood Disorders , Negotiating , Neuroimaging , Psychomotor Agitation , Urinary Incontinence
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174926

ABSTRACT

Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the major toxicity of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prediction of neutropenia and FN is mandatory to continue the planned R-CHOP therapy resulting in successful anti-cancer treatment. The clinical features and patterns of neutropenia and FN from 181 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty percent (60.2%) of patients experienced at least one episode of grade 4 neutropenia. Among them, 42.2% of episodes progressed to FN. Forty-eight percent (48.8%) of patients with FN was experienced their first FN during the first cycle of R-CHOP. All those patients never experienced FN again during the rest cycles of R-CHOP. Female, higher stage, international prognostic index (IPI), age > or =65 yr, comorbidities, bone marrow involvement, and baseline serum albumin < or =3.5 mg/dL were significant risk factors for FN by univariate analysis. Among these variables, comorbidities (P=0.009), bone marrow involvement (P=0.006), and female gender (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for FN based on multivariate analysis. On observing the patterns of neutropenia and FN, primary prophylaxis of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and antibiotics should be considered particularly in female patients, patients with comorbidities, or when there is bone marrow involvement of disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia/etiology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Demography , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia/etiology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Young Adult
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