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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 107-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976605

ABSTRACT

Background@#Psoriasis imposes a significant treatment burden on patients, particularly impacting well-being and quality of life (QoL). The psychosocial impact of psoriasis treatments remains unexplored in most patient populations. @*Objective@#To assess the impact of adalimumab on health-related QoL (HRQoL) in Korean patients with psoriasis. @*Methods@#This 24-week, multicenter, observational study, assessed HRQoL in Korean patients treated with adalimumab in a real-world setting. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) including European Quality of Life-5 Dimension scale (EQ-5D), EQ-5D VAS, SF-36, and DLQI were evaluated at week 16 and 24, versus baseline. Patient satisfaction was assessed using TSQM. @*Results@#Among 97 enrolled patients, 77 were assessed for treatment effectiveness. Most patients were male (52, 67.5%) and mean age was 45.4 years. Median baseline body surface area and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores were 15.00 (range 4.00~80.00) and 12.40 (range 2.70~39.40), respectively. Statistically significant improvements in all PROs were observed between baseline and week 24. Mean EQ-5D score improved from 0.88 (standard deviation [SD], 0.14) at baseline to 0.91 (SD, 0.17) at week 24 (p=0.0067). The number of patients with changes in PASI 75, 90, or 100 from baseline to week 16 and 24 were 65 (84.4%), 17 (22.1%), and 1 (1.3%); and 64 (83.1%), 21 (27.3%), and 2 (2.6%), respectively. Overall treatment satisfaction was reported, including effectiveness and convenience. No unexpected safety findings were noted. @*Conclusion@#Adalimumab improved QoL and was well-tolerated in Korean patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, as demonstrated in a real-world setting. Clinical trial registration number (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03099083).

2.
Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing ; : 101-109, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925304

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the factors influencing suicide attempts among middle school students with suicidal ideation. @*Methods@#Data were from the 2019 Youth Health Risk Behavior Web-based survey collected by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The data were analyzed using the SPSS program. @*Results@#Participants were 29,384 middle school students, there were 14.1% of suicide ideation, and 22.2% of them attempted suicide. Among the students with suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts were higher in those who had experiences of alcohol drinking, smoking, substance abuse, and sexual intercourse. @*Conclusion@#Therefore, to prevent suicide accidents among middle school students, there is a need for strategies that would reduce problem behavior such as alcohol drinking, smoking, sexual intercourse, and substance abuse. For middle school students who have already experienced problem behavior, efficient plans should be established for screening, prevention, and treatment of the high-risk groups in suicide attempts.

3.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 125-132, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938915

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response that activates coagulation in symptomatic patients. In addition, a rare form of thrombosis has been reported in people who received the COVID-19 vaccine, most of whom were women younger than 50 years of age. Considering that hormonal contraceptive methods widely used by women of childbearing age increase the risk of thrombosis, the development of guidelines for the use of hormonal contraceptives in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic is necessary. In this context, the Korean Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health provides guidelines for issues regarding contraception and reproductive health during the pandemic.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 194-197, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889926

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder in reproductive-age women. In 2018, an international evidence-based guideline announced recommendations spanning a wide range of issues on the assessment and management of PCOS. From the 166 recommendations, the present study reviews those that are of particular clinical relevance for daily practice and introduces other relevant studies that have been published since the global guideline. The 2018 guideline increased the antral follicle count cutoff for the diagnosis of PCOS from 12 to 20 when using a high-frequency probe. Hirsutism was defined as having a score of ≥4–6 based on a lower percentile of 85%–90% or cluster analysis, which was lower than the traditionally used 95th percentile-based cutoff. The diagnosis of PCOS in adolescents is challenging, and irregular menstruation was defined carefully according to years from menarche. The use of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of PCOS was restricted to those 8 years after menarche. As medication for non-fertility indications, combined oral contraceptives are the first-line drug. Metformin, in addition to lifestyle modifications, should be considered for adult patients with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 for the management of weight and metabolic outcomes. An aromatase inhibitor is the recommended first-line medication for ovulation induction, a subsequent individual patient data meta-analysis also reported the same conclusion. Whether the new global guideline will be fully adopted by many specialists and change clinical practice is open to question. Further studies are needed to better understand and manage PCOS patients well.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 194-197, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897630

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder in reproductive-age women. In 2018, an international evidence-based guideline announced recommendations spanning a wide range of issues on the assessment and management of PCOS. From the 166 recommendations, the present study reviews those that are of particular clinical relevance for daily practice and introduces other relevant studies that have been published since the global guideline. The 2018 guideline increased the antral follicle count cutoff for the diagnosis of PCOS from 12 to 20 when using a high-frequency probe. Hirsutism was defined as having a score of ≥4–6 based on a lower percentile of 85%–90% or cluster analysis, which was lower than the traditionally used 95th percentile-based cutoff. The diagnosis of PCOS in adolescents is challenging, and irregular menstruation was defined carefully according to years from menarche. The use of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of PCOS was restricted to those 8 years after menarche. As medication for non-fertility indications, combined oral contraceptives are the first-line drug. Metformin, in addition to lifestyle modifications, should be considered for adult patients with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 for the management of weight and metabolic outcomes. An aromatase inhibitor is the recommended first-line medication for ovulation induction, a subsequent individual patient data meta-analysis also reported the same conclusion. Whether the new global guideline will be fully adopted by many specialists and change clinical practice is open to question. Further studies are needed to better understand and manage PCOS patients well.

6.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 33-39, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762457

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) releasing assay (IGRA) is widely used for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) diagnosis. We evaluated the analytical performance of a new automated chemiluminescent immunoanalyzer-based IGRA (CLIA-IGRA), AdvanSure I3 (LG Life Sciences, Seoul, Korea) and compared it with that of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay. METHODS: Repeatability and reproducibility were evaluated at four levels. Detection capability, including limit of blank (LoB), limit of detection (LoD), and limit of quantification (LoQ), was evaluated using IFN-γ standard material (National Institute for Biological Standards and Control code: 87/586). Agreement between the results of two assays was evaluated using 341 blood samples from healthcare workers and patients at a tertiary care hospital. To determine the cut-off value of CLIA-IGRA for diagnosing LTBI, the ROC curve was analyzed. RESULTS: Repeatability and reproducibility were 4.86–7.00% and 6.36–7.88% CV, respectively. LoB, LoD, and LoQ were 0.022, 0.077, and 0.249 IU/mL, respectively. IFN-γ values between CLIA-IGRA and QFT-GIT showed a strong correlation within the analytical measurable range of both assays, especially when the value was low. Qualitative comparison of the two assays yielded a 99.1% overall agreement (kappa coefficient=0.98). A cut-off value of 0.35 IU/mL was appropriate for diagnosing LTBI. CONCLUSIONS: CLIA-IGRA is a reliable assay for LTBI diagnosis, with performance similar to that of QFT-GIT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Science Disciplines , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnosis , Interferon-gamma , Latent Tuberculosis , Limit of Detection , ROC Curve , Seoul , Tertiary Healthcare
7.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 221-226, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836921

ABSTRACT

Background@#Intestinal protozoan infection is one of the main causes of gastrointestinal diseases. Protozoa are usually detected by direct smear microscopy, concentration techniques, or special stains; however, these techniques are labor-intensive and require well-trained technicians. Therefore, molecular techniques involving polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have been developed to satisfy the need for unbiased and rapid analytical methods with high sensitivity and specificity. In this study, the BD MAXTM Enteric Parasite Panel (EPP) (Becton, Dickinson and Company, USA), designed to detect Cryptosporidium parvum and/or hominis, Giardia lamblia, and Entamoeba histolytica, and the AllplexTM Gastrointestinal Parasite Assays (AGPA) (Seegene Inc., Korea), designed to detect Cryptosporidium species, G. lamblia, E. histolytica, Blastocystis hominis, Dientamoeba fragilis, and Cyclospora cayetanensis were compared to determine whether any of these assays could become a useful tool for detecting intestinal protozoan infections in Korea. @*Methods@#We investigated 295 fecal samples using EPP and AGPA. Then we confirmed the positive results with the conventional and nested PCR. Consistent detection by conventional PCR, nested PCR, and one of the multiplex panels was considered “true positive.” @*Results@#Out of 295 samples, 17 were true positives for B. hominis and 2 were true positives for E. histolytica. EPP detected parasites in only two samples owing to its design; however, its true positive detection rate was 100% (2/2). AGPA detected parasites in 24 samples with 79.2% (19/24) true positives. @*Conclusions@#The incidence of protozoan, especially B. hominis, infection may be more prevalent than expected. AGPA could be an effective tool for screening protozoan infections.

9.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 281-283, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785386

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia
10.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology ; : 55-60, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762289

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Salmonella is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and sepsis in humans. Recently, changes in serotype prevalence and an increase in antimicrobial resistance have been reported. This study investigated the distribution of Salmonella serotypes and determined the antimicrobial susceptibility of various strains. METHODS: We collected 113 Salmonella isolates other than Salmonella serotype Typhi from 18 university hospitals in 2015. The serotypes were identified by Salmonella antisera O and H according to the Kauffman White scheme. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests for 12 antibiotics were performed using the disk diffusion method or E-test. RESULTS: We identified 22 serotypes. Serotype group B (44.2%) was the most common, followed by groups C (34.5%) and D (21.2%). Salmonella I 4,[5],12:i:- (23.0%), S. Enteritidis (16.8%), and S. Typhimurium (12.4%) were the most common species. Resistance rates for ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ceftriaxone, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole were 46.9%, 18.5%, 8.8%, and 5.3%, respectively. The intermediate resistance rate to ciprofloxacin was 29.2%. Six isolates were extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers, including 5 bla(CTX-M-15) and 1 bla(CTX-M-55). CONCLUSION: There have been changes in the serotype prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella in Korea, with a high prevalence of CTX-M 15-positive strains. Continuous monitoring of Salmonella serotypes and antimicrobial resistance is warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampicillin , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ceftriaxone , Chloramphenicol , Ciprofloxacin , Diffusion , Gastroenteritis , Hospitals, University , Immune Sera , Korea , Methods , Prevalence , Salmonella , Sepsis , Serogroup , Serotyping
11.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e83-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify the power of tumor markers for predicting ovarian cancer according to menopausal status. METHODS: The medical records of 876 women with ovarian cysts were retrospectively reviewed. Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), and Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) were analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses of these tumor markers were evaluated. RESULTS: The sensitivity of ROMA was 66.7% and the specificity was 86.8% to detect ovarian malignancy. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to menopausal status: premenopause (n=532, 60.7%) and postmenopause (n=344, 39.3%). For diagnostic accuracy, ROMA was lower than HE4 in premenopausal women (82.7% vs. 91.4%) and lower than CA 125 in postmenopausal women (86.9% vs. 88.7%). The ROC curve analysis revealed that the power of ROMA was not significantly better than that of HE4 in premenopausal women (area under the curve [AUC], 0.731 vs. 0.732, p=0.832), and it was also not significantly better than that of CA 125 in postmenopausal women (AUC, 0.871 vs. 0.888, p=0.440). CONCLUSION: The discrimination power of tumor markers for ovarian cancer was different according to menopausal status. In predicting ovarian malignancy, ROMA was neither superior to HE4 in premenopausal women nor superior to CA 125 in postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-125 Antigen , Discrimination, Psychological , Epididymis , Medical Records , Menopause , Ovarian Cysts , Ovarian Neoplasms , Postmenopause , Premenopause , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Rome , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 713-719, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762115

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 8 (ADAM 8) as a potential blood biomarker for gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood ADAM 8 was measured by ELISA. Cytokines/chemokines [interleukin-23 (IL-23), stromal cell-derived factor 1α/CXC chemokine ligand 12 (SDF-1α/CXCL12), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L)] were measured by chemiluminescent immunoassay. They were compared among five groups; normal/gastritis, high-risk, early GC (EGC), advanced GC (AGC) without distant metastasis, and AGC with distant metastasis by one-way analysis of variance in both training (n=80) and validation dataset (n=241). Clinicopathological features of GC and GC-associated cytokines were evaluated for their correlations with blood ADAM 8. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy to predict GC, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and logistic regression were used. RESULTS: Blood ADAM 8 significantly increased along GC carcinogenesis in both training (ANOVA, p<0.001) and validation dataset (p<0.001). It was significantly higher in EGC compared to high-risk (post-hoc Bonferroni, p=0.041) and normal (p<0.001). It was also higher in AGC compared with high-risk (p<0.001) and normal (p<0.001) groups. However, no significant difference was found between cancer groups. Blood ADAM 8 was correlated with N-stage (Spearman's correlation, γs=0.320, p=0.011), but not with T-stage or M-stage. Pearson's correlations showed blood ADAM 8 was closely correlated with pre-inflammatory cytokines, IL-23 (p=0.036) and SDF-1α/CXCL12 (p=0.037); however, it was not correlated with pro-angiogenic cytokine IL-8 (p=0.313), and sCD40L (p=0.702). ROC curve and logistic regression demonstrated that blood ADAM 8 showed higher diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity, 73.7%; specificity, 86.2%) than CEA (sensitivity, 23.1%; specificity, 91.4%). Combination of ADAM 8 and CEA further increased the diagnostic accuracy to predict GC (sensitivity, 81.8%; specificity, 84.0%). CONCLUSION: Blood ADAM 8 is a promising biomarker for early detection of GC.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , CD40 Ligand , Cytokines , Dataset , Early Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoassay , Interleukin-23 , Interleukin-8 , Logistic Models , Neoplasm Metastasis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms
13.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 266-270, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714428

ABSTRACT

Identifying the trends in community-onset Acinetobacter baumannii complex isolation and diversity according to temperature could help provide insight into the behavior of the A. baumannii complex. We performed a retrospective analysis of A. baumannii complex (Acinetobacter baumannii, Acinetobacter nosocomialis, Acinetobacter pittii, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus) isolates obtained from patients at a Korean community hospital from 2006 to 2015 with reference to seasonal temperatures. The incidence rates were compared between warm (June–September) and cold (November–March) months, defined as an average mean temperature ≥20℃ and ≤5℃, respectively. Incidence rate was calculated as the number of cases per month, converted to cases/10⁵ admissions for healthcare-acquired isolates and cases/10³ outpatients for community-onset isolates. Approximately 3,500 A. baumannii complex cases were identified, and 26.2% of them were community-onset cases. The median (interquartile range) number of community-onset A. baumannii complex cases was significantly higher (P=0.0002) in warm months at 13.8 (9.5–17.6) than in cold months at 10.1 (6.3–13.2). There was a strong correlation between community-onset A. baumannii complex cases and temperature (Pearson's r=0.6805, P=0.0149). Thus, we identified a seasonality pattern for community-onset A. baumannii complex colonization or infection, but not for healthcare-acquired cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acinetobacter baumannii , Acinetobacter , Colon , Hospitals, Community , Incidence , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Seasons
14.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 270-276, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify the pressure relieving effect of adding a pelvic well pad, a firm pad that is cut in the ischial area, to a wheelchair cushion on the ischium. METHODS: Medical records of 77 individuals with SCI, who underwent interface pressure mapping of the buttock-thigh area, were retrospectively reviewed. The pelvic well pad is a 2.5-cm thick firm pad and has a cut in the ischial area. Expecting additional pressure relief, it can be inserted under a wheelchair cushion. Subjects underwent interface pressure mapping in the subject's wheelchair utilizing the subject's pre-existing pressure relieving cushion and subsequently on a combination of a pelvic well pad and the cushion. The average pressure, peak pressure, and contact area of the buttock-thigh were evaluated. RESULTS: Adding a pelvic well pad, under the pressure relieving cushion, resulted in a decrease in the average and peak pressures and increase in the contact area of the buttock-thigh area when compared with applying only pressure relieving cushions (p < 0.05). The mean of the average pressure decreased from 46.10±10.26 to 44.09±9.92 mmHg and peak pressure decreased from 155.03±48.02 to 131.42±45.86 mmHg when adding a pelvic well pad. The mean of the contact area increased from 1,136.44±262.46 to 1,216.99±255.29 cm². CONCLUSION: When a pelvic well pad was applied, in addition to a pre-existing pressure relieving cushion, the average and peak pressures of the buttock-thigh area decreased and the contact area increased. These results suggest that adding a pelvic well pad to wheelchair cushion may be effective in preventing a pressure ulcer of the buttock area.


Subject(s)
Buttocks , Ischium , Medical Records , Pressure Ulcer , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord , Wheelchairs
15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 235-241, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the specific human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes from HPV-other type on an HPV DNA chip test by sequencing. METHODS: Among 13,600 women undergoing a routine gynecology examination including Pap smear and/or HPV test by DNA chip test in the healthcare system at Gangnam Center from July 2012 to February 2013, we prospectively collected and performed sequencing for a total of 351 consecutive cervicovaginal samples consisting of 180 samples that tested positive for HPV-other type and 171 samples that tested positive for either high-risk HPV or low-risk HPV. RESULTS: Of a total of 351 samples, individual HPV genotypes were successfully sequenced in 215 cases: 119 HPV-other type, 82 HPV-high-risk, and 14 HPV-low-risk. Based on the sequencing for 119 HPV-other type samples, 91.6% were detected as HPV types that were not included on the DNA chip; however, 7.6% (9/119) were proven to be high-risk HPV types: HPV 18 (n=4), HPV 33 (n=3), HPV 35 (n=1), and HPV 59 (n=1). For correlation analysis of all high-risk and HPV 16/18, the correlation rate was 76.2% and 86.6% with kappa-value of 0.38 and 0.69, respectively. CONCLUSION: HPV-other type on DNA chip test may still have possibility of high-risk HPV, i.e., HPV 18 and thus the significance of HPV-other type in detecting cervical disease remains to be investigated.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Delivery of Health Care , DNA , Genotype , Gynecology , Human papillomavirus 18 , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Papanicolaou Test , Papillomaviridae , Prospective Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA
16.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 253-260, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to compare the circulating levels of visfatin between women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and those without PCOS and to assess the correlations between visfatin levels and various parameters. METHODS: This case-control study recruited 74 PCOS patients and 74 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls. Serum visfatin levels were evaluated using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Women with PCOS were divided into 2 subgroups based on the presence of clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism. The possible differences in serum visfatin levels between the hyperandrogenic and non-hyperandrogenic groups were also assessed. RESULTS: Visfatin levels in PCOS patients were similar to those in the controls. However, hyperandrogenic patients had significantly higher mean serum visfatin levels than those in non-hyperandrogenic patients (3.87 ng/mL; 95% confidence intervals [CIs], 3.09–4.85 in hyperandrogenic group vs. 2.69 ng/mL; 95% CIs, 2.06–3.52 in non-hyperandrogenic group; P=0.038). In women with PCOS, visfatin levels positively correlated with BMI (r=0.23; P=0.047) and the log free androgen index (FAI) (r=0.27; P=0.021) and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels (r=−0.37; P=0.025). Except for HDL cholesterol levels, these correlations were also observed in controls. CONCLUSION: Visfatin levels in PCOS patients were similar to those in the controls. However, hyperandrogenic patients showed significantly higher serum visfatin levels than those of non-hyperandrogenic patients, and visfatin had a positive linear correlation with FAI in both PCOS patients and controls.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, HDL , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hyperandrogenism , Lipoproteins , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 2029-2034, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158113

ABSTRACT

The balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis is an essential part in early pregnancy. Mutations in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene lead to decreased activity of the enzyme and hyperhomocysteinemia, which then induces platelet aggregation by promoting endothelial oxidative damage, possibly resulting in adverse effect on maintenance of pregnancy. We investigated the role of MTHFR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), C677T and A1298C, in Korean patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We conducted a prospective case-control study in the Korean population. Subjects included 302 women with 2 or more consecutive, unexplained, spontaneous miscarriages before 20 weeks of gestation and 315 control women without a history of recurrent miscarriages. The genotyping for C677T and A1298C polymorphisms was performed using the TaqMan assay. Continuous variables were compared using Student's t-test, and χ² test was used to evaluate differences in the genotype distributions between the RPL and the controls. The genotype distribution of both polymorphisms in the RPL group did not differ from those of the controls. For further analysis, if RPL patients were divided according to the numbers of pregnancy losses (≥ 2 and ≥ 3) neither group was significantly different compared with controls. MTHFR gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms are not associated with idiopathic RPL in Korean women, suggesting that those may not be susceptible allelic variants or be deficient to cause RPL.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Abortion, Habitual , Abortion, Spontaneous , Case-Control Studies , Fibrinolysis , Genotype , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Platelet Aggregation , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies
18.
Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing ; : 88-100, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19275

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of homeless persons. METHODS: A phenomenological methodology was used for the study. Participants were people enrolled in the Center for homeless persons in Kyunggi Province and eligible for the study. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with nine participants between October 13 and November 16, 2016. Data analysis was conducted using Colaizzi's method. RESULTS: Five themes and twenty meanings were formulated for experiences of homeless persons. The five themes were ‘Abandoning their life’, ‘Being familiar with a free homeless life’, ‘Being isolated from the world’, ‘Being impoverished’, ‘Desire to break away from the life of homelessness’. CONCLUSION: The study results suggest the need for a holistic understanding of the essential structure of the lived experiences of homeless persons. Mental health professionals need to understand the homelessness experiences from the client view and to develop programs that can help homeless persons reintegrate into the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ill-Housed Persons , Mental Health , Methods , Qualitative Research , Statistics as Topic
19.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 1092-1099, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between cognitive perceptual abilities of elderly drivers based on the Cognitive Perceptual Assessment for Driving (CPAD) test and their accident and penalty histories. METHODS: A total of 168 elderly drivers (aged ≥65 years) participated in the study. Participant data included CPAD scores and incidents of traffic accidents and penalties, attained from the Korea Road Traffic Authority and Korea National Police Agency, respectively. RESULTS: Drivers' mean age was 70.25±4.1 years and the mean CPAD score was 52.75±4.72. Elderly drivers' age was negatively related to the CPAD score (p<0.001). The accident history group had marginally lower CPAD scores, as compared to the non-accident group (p=0.051). However, incidence rates for traffic fines did not differ significantly between the two groups. Additionally, the group that passed the CPAD test had experienced fewer traffic accidents (3.6%), as compared to the group that failed (10.6%). The older age group (12.0%) had also experienced more traffic accidents, as compared to the younger group (2.4%). CONCLUSION: Overall, elderly drivers who experienced driving accidents had lower CPAD scores than those who did not, without statistical significance. Thus, driving-related cognitive abilities of elderly drivers with insufficient cognitive ability need to be further evaluated to prevent traffic accidents.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Automobile Driving , Cognition , Incidence , Korea , Police
20.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 234-238, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225104

ABSTRACT

An endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is an effective and safe therapeutic technique for treating a patient with a laterally-spreading tumor (LST). Colonoscopic-procedure-related complications are noted to be about 2.8% worldwide, and a perforation is the most common. Most colon perforations cause pneumoperitoneum. However, a perforation within the retroperitoneal portion of the colon (rectum and some of sigmoid colon) may cause an extraperitoneal perforation, and the leaking free air may induce pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema, depending on the amount of discharged air. Herein, we present the case of a patient with an extraperitoneal colon microperforation which manifested as pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema after an EMR for a sigmoid LST, which was successfully treated with medical treatment and endoscopic clipping.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonoscopy , Mediastinal Emphysema , Pneumoperitoneum , Retropneumoperitoneum , Subcutaneous Emphysema
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