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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264952

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to compare the reliability of microchip electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis for screening FLT3-ITD gene mutation in acute myeloid leukemia. The FLT3-ITD mutation in the genomic DNA samples from 214 untreated AML patients were separately detected by PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis, then the DNA direct sequencing analysis was carried out. The results from PCR-microchip electrophoresis showed that there were 151 FLT3-ITD mutation negative, 58 FLT3-ITD mutation positive (58/214, 27.1%) and 5 FLT3-ITD mutation doubtful positive (5/214, 2.3%), while the outcomes from PCR-capillary electrophoresis displayed that there were 147 FLT3-ITD mutation negative and 67 FLT3-ITD mutation positive (67/214, 31.3%) without doubtful positive. In the 67 FLT3-ITD mutation positive samples detected by using PCR-capillary electrophoresis, 4 samples were detected as the negative while 5 samples were measured as the doubtful positive by using PCR-microchip electrophoresis. The followed sequencing analysis demonstrated that the above 9 samples were all FLT3-ITD mutation positive, indicating that PCR-capillary electrophoresis was more accurate and sensitive in screening the FLT3-ITD mutation, although statistic analysis showed that there were no significant differences in the detected results between PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis groups (Pearson Chi-squared Test, P > 0.05). It is concluded that both PCR-microchip electrophoresis and PCR-capillary electrophoresis were convenient and fast for screening FLT3-ITD mutation, but the accuracy of PCR-microchip electrophoresis awaits further improvement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Electrophoresis, Microchip , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Young Adult , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 , Genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 98-103, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics between NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (NPM1m(+)AML) and unmutated AML(NPM1m(-)AML) not otherwise characterized (NOS) under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A, B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 104 AML patients with NPM1m(+)AML and performed immunophenotyping assay were included, 97 with NPM1m(-)AML.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant difference between the two groups at presentation in terms of sex, white blood count(WBC), platelet counts (PLT), blast ratio, normal karyotype ratio, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and remission rate of first course of induction therapy (P < 0.05). On the immunophenotype, the expression of early differentiation antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2), myeloid and monocytic differentiation-associated antigens (CD13, CD14, CD15) were lower, and that of CD33 as well as CD123 were higher in NPM1m(+)AML patients. Among them, only CD34, HLA-DR, CD7, and CD4 positive cases were significantly lower in NPM1m(+)AML group than in NPM1m(-)AML group (P < 0.05), the rest of them had significant difference in the number of positive cells (P < 0.05). Above features were further analyzed between the M1/M2 and M4/M5 subgroups. M1/M2 cases retained the women prominent and had a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05). The expression of monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens were higher and that of CD117 were lower in M4/M5 subtype (P < 0.05). Among them, the positive rates of HLA-DR, CD64, CD11b, CD10, CD15, and CD4 were significantly higher in M4/M5 than in M1/M2 in NPM1m(+)AML group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The most clinical characteristics in NPM1m(+)AML patients are consistent with reports, but some immunophenotype are different to the previous reports under similar FAB subtypes constituent ratio. The major immunophenotypic features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of progenitor, myeloid and lymphoid lineage antigens. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens are only higher expression in M4/M5 cases when comparison with M1/M2 cases within NPM1m(+)AML group.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , HLA-DR Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 104-108, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the comparability of bcr-abl (P210) transcript levels detected in different hospitals.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten hospitals in China took part in the four times of sample exchange and comparisons from April, 2010 to August, 2011. The exchange samples were prepared by Peking University People's Hospital. Firstly, the BCR-ABL (P210)(+) cells from a newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia patient were 10-fold serially diluted by BCR-ABL (P210)(-) cells and they covered 4 magnitudes. Then, TRIzol reagents were thoroughly mixed with cells in each tube. Every 12 samples (three samples per magnitude) were sent to the other 9 hospitals. The cell number of each sample was 8×10(6). The detection of bcr-abl transcript levels by real-time quantitative PCR were performed in every hospital according to their own protocols. Conversion factors (CF) were calculated using regression equation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Differences in bcr-abl transcript levels did exist among results of 10 hospitals in each comparison. In general, the results of the most of hospitals were in line with the dilutions of cells. CF of every hospital fluctuated. Three hospitals had relatively stable CF, and their ranges were 2.8 - 5.2, 1.2 - 2.8 and 2.2 - 6.8, respectively; two hospitals had unstable CF with ranges 0.76 - 7.0 and 2.1 - 18.7; three hospitals couldn't be calculated CF one or two times because of the significant deviation of the results from the actually bcr-abl transcript levels, and their ranges of CF which could be calculated were 1.9 - 19.2, 3.6 - 7.6 and 0.18 - 14.7; One hospital only had two CF (3.3 and 5.0) because of the replacement of an important reagent during the period of comparisons.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Comparability of bcr-abl (P210) transcript levels between different hospitals could be achieved through CF which acquired by sample exchange and comparison. The stable and reliable detection system is the premise to acquire correct CF.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , China , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Hospitals , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1385-1389, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265008

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to compare the immunophenotypic and clinical characteristics of NPM1 mutated acute myeloid leukemia with a normal karyotype under the similar constituent ratio of FAB subtypes. Immunophenotyping and NPM1 gene mutation type-A,B and D and other leukemic related fusion genes were detected by multiparameter flow cytometry and real time RT-PCR or PCR, respectively. 77 AML patients with a normal karyotype (NK) and mutated NPM1 gene (NPM1m(+)AML) detected by immunophenotyping assay were included in this study. 55 cases without NPM1 mutation (NPM1m(-)AML) and with normal karyotype were served as negative control. The results showed that there was significant difference between NPM1m(+)AML and NPM1m(-)AML in terms of sex, white blood count, platelet counts, blast, WT1 expression level, FLT3-ITD mutation positive rate and response to treatment. The characteristic immunophenotype is lower expression of early differentiation-associated antigens (CD34, HLA-DR, CD117, CD38), lymphocytic antigens (CD7, CD4, CD19, CD2) and higher expression of CD33 and CD123 (P < 0.05). When above features was further analyzed between the M1/2 and M4/5 subgroups in NPM1m(+)AML patients, the M1/2 cases retained a higher frequency in women and a higher WT1 expression level (P < 0.05) . Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens including HLA-DR and lymphocytic antigens CD7 were higher expressed and CD117 was lower expressed in M4/5 subgroup (P < 0.05). It is concluded that under condition of similar constituent ratio of M1/2 and M4/5 subtype and normal karyotype, NPM1m(+)AML patients have higher WT1 expression level and better response to treatment. The major immunophenotype features of NPM1m(+)AML patients are lower expression of early differentiation antigens and lymphoid lineage antigens and higher expression of CD33 and CD123. Monocytic differentiation-associated antigens only higher are expressed in M4/5 cases when compared with M1/2 cases within NPM1m(+) AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263299

ABSTRACT

This study was purpose to investigate the biological characteristics of B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) between CD34 positive CD38 positive (CD34(+)CD38(+)) and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroups and their clinical significance. Immunophenotyping of B cells in bone marrow of 54 patients with newly diagnosed CD34(+)B-ALL were analyzed by 4 color multiparametric flow cytometry (FCM). According to the different expression of CD38, the newly diagnosed patients with B-ALL were divided into two groups: CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup. BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 fusion genes and WT1 gene were detected by real time RT-PCR simultaneously. After chemotherapy, minimal residual disease (MRD) was monitored by one tube of 7 color FCM. The average follow-up time was 12 months (range 1 - 28), the average follow-up interval was 2 months (range 1 - 5). The results showed that there was no significant differences such as WBC, Plt count and Hb level between the two groups at diagnosis, the positive rate of BCR-ABL, TEL-AML1 and WT1 gene was also no significantly different. After clinical complete remission (CR), MRD positive (MDR(+)) case rates were 28.57% (10/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup and 68.42% (13/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) subgroup (P < 0.01). The relapse rate between the two groups was 5.71% (2/35) in CD34(+)CD38(+) subgroup (relapse time at 94 and 245 d respectively) and 36.84% (7/19) in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group [median relapse time was 263 d (range 46 - 468), P < 0.01]. The age distribution was analyzed in these two subgroups (> 16 or ≤ 16 years old), there was 8 (8/35) adult patients (> 16 years old) in CD34(+)CD38(+)group and 10 (10/19) adult patients in CD34(+)CD38(low/-) group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that CD34(+)CD38(low/-) phenotype is more often presented in adult patients and the CD34(+)CD38(low/-) patients with B-ALL are more likely to have MRD(+)and relapse after treatment.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Adolescent , Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Infant , Leukemia, B-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to compare the basic characters of the speech-evoked auditory brainstem response (speech-ABR) between young adults and school-age children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Speech-ABR of thirty eight normal hearing subjects including eighteen school-age children and twenty young adults were recorded. The speech syllable/da/as stimulus sound was transmitted to right ear by insertion the earphones in speech-ABR test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Response waves of speech-ABR in school-age children were similar to those in young adults, which contained the onset response (peak V and A), the transition (peak C), the frequency following responses (peak D, E and F) and the offset response (peak O). Both the latency and amplitude showed no significant difference in all waves between young adults and school-age children, except the latency of wave O and amplitude of wave F. The latency of O wave in school-age children (47.80 ± 0.38) ms were significantly shorter than that in adults (48.10 ± 0.40) ms (t = 2.330,P = 0.026). The amplitude of F wave in school-age children (-0.21 ± 0.15) µV were significantly larger than that in adults (-0.12 ± 0.08) µV (t = 2.146,P = 0.043).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the latency and amplitude of the speech ABR in school age children at 6 - 11 years old show the great similarity with the young adults, which indicate that the ability of speech processing of brainstem in children has completely reached maturity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Speech , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273526

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and 40 Hz auditory event related potential (40 Hz AERP) to the diagnosis of occupational noise-induced hearing impairment and to provide the evidence for diagnosis of occupational deafness.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pure tone audiometry, ABR and 40 Hz AERP were performed in 54 workers occupationally exposed to noise. The thresholds of higher frequency band, 3 kHz and 4 kHz were compared with the threshold of ABR. The thresholds of auditory frequency ban and 0.5 kHz were compared with the threshold of 40 Hz AERP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A better correlation was found between thresholds of ABR and higher frequency pure tone audiometry. There was a significant difference of thresholds between 40 kHz AERP and pure tone audiometry. The correction values of thresholds between 40 kHz AERP and pure tone audiometry in the light noise-induced hearing impairment group and the moderate noise-induced hearing impairment group were (16.43 ± 1.08) and (11.80 ± 1.12) dBn HL, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In diagnosis of occupational noise-induced hearing impairment, the threshold of ABR can be used to estimate the hearing threshold of pure noise higher frequency. Because there is the significant difference of the thresholds between pure tone audiometry and 40 Hz AERP, the response threshold can not be served as the audiometry threshold, and the behavioral hearing thresholds can only be obtained by adjusting the response threshold with respective correction value.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Audiometry, Evoked Response , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Auditory Threshold , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Noise, Occupational , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1952-1959, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Chimerism analysis is an important tool for the surveillance of post-transplant engraftment. It offers the possibility of identifying impending graft rejection and recurrence of underlying malignant or non-malignant disease. Here we investigated the quantitative chimerism kinetics of 21 relapsed leukemia patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A panel of 29 selected sequence polymorphism (SP) markers was screened by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to obtain the informative marker for every leukemia patient. Quantitative chimerism analysis of bone marrow (BM) samples of 21 relapsed patients and 20 patients in stable remission was performed longitudinally. The chimerisms of BM and peripheral blood (PB) samples of 14 patients at relapse were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-one patients experienced leukemia relapse at a median of 135 days (range, 30 - 720 days) after transplantation. High recipient chimerism in BM was found in all patients at relapse, and increased recipient chimerism in BM samples was observed in 90% (19/21) of patients before relapse. With 0.5% recipient DNA as the cut-off, median time between the detection of increased recipient chimerism and relapse was 45 days (range, 0 - 120 days), with 76% of patients showing increased recipient chimerism at least 1 month prior to relapse. Median percentage of recipient DNA in 20 stable remission patients was 0.28%, 0.04%, 0.05%, 0.05%, 0.08%, and 0.05% at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, respectively, after transplantation. This was concordant with other specific fusion transcripts and fluorescent in situ hybridization examination. The recipient chimerisms in BM were significantly higher than those in PB at relapse (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This SP-based RT-PCR assay is a reliable method for chimerism analysis. Chimerism kinetics in BM can be used as a marker of impending leukemia relapse, especially when no other specific marker is available. Based on our findings, we recommend examining not only PB samples but also BM samples in HSCT patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transplantation Chimera , Genetics , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244898

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate whether difference exists between real time RT-PCR results of nucleated cells isolated by lysis method and mononuclear cells isolated by gradient concentration method. 14 bone marrow samples from leukemia patients (7 samples of AML-M(2), 1 of AML-M(4), 1 of AML-M(4)EO, 1 of AML-M(6), 1 of APL and 3 of CML) were collected. Each sample was divided into 2 parts, and was used to isolate mononuclear cells by Ficoll-Hypaque gradient centrifugation, and other was used to isolate nuclear cells by lysis method. The RNA extraction and detection of internal reference gene ABL for all of samples were performed by RT-PCR, and mRNA expression levels in 3 samples of BCR/ABL, 6 of AML/ETO, 1 of CBFβ-MHY11, 1 of WT1 and 6 PRAME were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that ABL copies of all samples were over 3 × 10(4), and there was significant difference in ABL copies between each pair of samples by lysis and gradient centrifugation method (p > 0.05). There was also no significant difference in every detected mRNA levels between 14 pair samples (p > 0.05). It is concluded that the lysis method may be useful one for extracting RNA from nuclear cells, and can adopt as a routing detection method for simultaneously extracting RNA from many samples to detect leukemia specific mRNA by using RT-PCR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2301-2308, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Analysis of changes in recipient and donor hematopoietic cell origin is extremely useful to monitor the effect of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and sequential adoptive immunotherapy by donor lymphocyte infusions. We developed a sensitive, reliable and rapid real-time PCR method based on sequence polymorphism systems to quantitatively assess the hematopoietic chimerism after HSCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A panel of 29 selected sequence polymorphism (SP) markers was screened by real-time PCR in 101 HSCT patients with leukemia and other hematological diseases. The chimerism kinetics of bone marrow samples of 8 HSCT patients in remission and relapse situations were followed longitudinally.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recipient genotype discrimination was possible in 97.0% (98 of 101) with a mean number of 2.5 (1-7) informative markers per recipient/donor pair. Using serial dilutions of plasmids containing specific SP markers, the linear correlation (r) of 0.99, the slope between -3.2 and -3.7 and the sensitivity of 0.1% were proved reproducible. By this method, it was possible to very accurately detect autologous signals in the range from 0.1% to 30%. The accuracy of the method in the very important range of autologous signals below 5% was extraordinarily high (standard deviation <1.85%), which might significantly improve detection accuracy of changes in autologous signals early in the post-transplantation course of follow-up. The main advantage of the real-time PCR method over short tandem repeat PCR chimerism assays is the absence of PCR competition and plateau biases, with demonstrated greater sensitivity and linearity. Finally, we prospectively analyzed bone marrow samples of 8 patients who received allografts and presented the chimerism kinetics of remission and relapse situations that illustrated the sensitivity level and the promising clinical application of this method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This SP-based real-time PCR assay provides a rapid, sensitive, and accurate quantitative assessment of mixed chimerism that can be useful in predicting graft rejection and early relapse.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Transplantation Chimera , Genetics , Young Adult
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1435-1439, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332343

ABSTRACT

The expression levels of programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) are down-regulated in many malignancies. SG611-pdcd5, a recombinant conditionally replicative adenovirus carrying pdcd5 gene expression cassette, can evidently kill the leukemic cells and protect selectively the normal cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the synergistic killing effect of SG611-pdcd5 and low-dose etoposide (VP-16) on K562 cells. K562 cells were treated with different concentrations of VP-16 or different multiplicities of infection (MOI) of SG611-pdcd5. After 48 hours of incubation the cell viability was determined by using MTT assay. The results showed that the cell viability of SG611-pdcd5 (MOI = 40) plus VP-16 (0.5 µg/ml) group significantly decreased as compared with single SG611-pdcd5 (MOI = 40) treatment group or single VP-16(0.5 µg/ml) treatment group (42.00 ± 5.75% vs 59.45 ± 4.12%; 42.00 ± 5.75% vs 82.91 ± 3.41%, respectively, both p < 0.05). The synergistic killing effect of SG611-pdcd5 plus VP-16 was higher than that of PDCD5 protein plus VP-16 or that of non-replicating adenovirus carrying pdcd5 (Ad-pdcd5) plus VP-16 (both p < 0.05). The cell viability of VP-16 (4.0 µg/ml) plus SG611-pdcd5 (MOI = 40) group, VP-16 (4.0 µg/ml) plus proPDCD5 (40 µg/ml) group and VP-16 (4.0 µg/ml) plus Ad-pdcd5 (MOI = 80) group was 37.09 ± 1.89%, 52.36 ± 1.64% and 73.64 ± 4.33%, respectively. It is concluded that SG611-pdcd5 can promote K562 cell death induced by low-dose VP-16. The combination of SG611-pdcd5 and VP-16 can enhance the killing effect on leukemic cells.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Cell Survival , Etoposide , Pharmacology , Genetic Vectors , Humans , K562 Cells , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243354

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to detect the expression level of cmtm 5 (CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing member 5) gene in the bone marrow cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and to investigate the correlation between the expression level of cmtm5 and various clinical characteristics. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RT-PCR) was used to measure the expression levels of cmtm5 gene in the bone marrow cells collected from MM patients, and the MM cell lines, namely, RPMI8226 and CZ1 cells. The normal donor marrow specimens were used as the reference. The ratio of cmtm5 copy number to abl (Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog) gene copy number was used for indicating the expression level. The results showed that the expression level of cmtm5 gene was significantly down-regulated in bone marrow cells of 51 untreated or relapsed/refractory MM patient as compared to those of normal donor marrow cells (0.047+/-0.062 for the untreated or relapsed/refractory MM patients versus 0.255+/-0.333 for the normal, p<0.01). According to the International Staging System (ISS), the cmtm5 expression level in marrow cells of patients in ISS III stage was significantly lower than that in patients in ISS I stage (0.034+/-0.034 for the ISS III stage versus 0.103+/-0.109 for ISSI stage, p<0.01). Similarly, lower expression levels of cmtm5 gene were also found in two human MM cell lines (0.014+/-0.009 for RPMI8226 cells and 0.004+/-0.006 for CZ1 cells). After the MM patients were effectively treated, their expression levels of cmtm5 gene significantly increased (0.020+/-0.005 for the untreated patients versus 0.227+/-0.038 for the effectively treated patients, p<0.01). A significant negative correlation was observed between the expression level of cmtm5 gene and the number of bone marrow plasma cells (r=-0.307, p<0.05). However, the correlation was not found between the expression level of cmtm5 gene and the clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, hemoglobin level, or M-protein level, etc. It is concluded that the expression level of cmtm5 gene is abnormally lower in the bone marrow cells from the MM patients, and are associated with ISS stages. Furthermore, the expression level of cmtm5 gene is negatively correlated with the number of bone marrow abnormal plasma cells in MM patients, which suggests that the abnormally lower expression of cmtm5 may be involved in the pathogenesis of the MM patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Chemokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Humans , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243297

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the gene expression of programmed cell death 5 (pdcd5) in plasma and bone marrow cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Enzyme liked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RT-PCR) were used to examine pdcd5 gene expression in plasma and marrow cells in 45 MM patients and 20 normal controls. The results showed that serum levels of PDCD5 protein in 45 MM patients were lower significantly compared with the normal controls and 20 responsive patients after chemotherapy, their plasma levels were (16.91 +/- 0.28) ng/ml, (19.11 +/- 0.29) ng/ml and (17.94 +/- 0.154) ng/ml respectively (p < 0.05). The pdcd5 gene expression levels detected by RQ-RT-PCR in 45 MM patients were lower significantly compared with the normal controls, their pdcd5 gene expression levels were 0.64 +/- 0.47 and 1.28 +/- 1.21 respectively (p < 0.05). It is concluded that the PDCD5 protein expression levels are low in patients with MM. These findings suggest that abnormal expression of pdcd5 may be involved in the pathogenesis of MM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gene Expression , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Genetics , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302150

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the relationship of immunophenotypic features with minimal residual disease (MRD) detection and gene types in APL patients. Immunophenotypes were analyzed in 221 newly diagnosed APL patients by using four-color flow cytometry. Among of them, CD123 antibody was examined in 87 patients and the fused gene pml-raralpha were detected by PCR in 196 specimens simultaneously. The results of immunophenotyping demonstrated that the positive percentages of CD123, CD33 and CD9 in newly diagnosed APL patients were 100%, 99.1% and 96.0% respectively, and mean percentages of positive cells in positive patients were all around 90%. Although the positive rates of CD117, CD13, CD38 and CD64 were all above 96%, but the mean percentages of positive cells in different positive patients were diverse and average percentages of positive cells were about 70%. CD15, CD56 and CD11b were expressed in some patients, but CD34 and HLA-DR were rarely expressed in the majority of patients, and average positive percentages were all lower. Among 196 newly diagnosed APL patients, bcr1, bcr2 and bcr3 expressions were 63.3%, 4.6% and 32.1% respectively. The results showed a strong correlation of positive expression of CD34 with bcr3 isoform. When cut-off value was chosen as 20%, the proportions of CD34 positive patients in bcr3 and bcr1 cases were 15.4% (10/65) and 3.3% (4/121) separately, which had a significant difference (p < 0.05). When cut-off value was 10%, bcr3 cases had a significantly higher percentage of CD34 positive, compared with bcr1 cases (p < 0.001), which was 47.7% (31/65) and 5.8% (7/121) respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference on the other antigens between the two groups. Bcr3 isoform was highly indicated when CD34 was positive and non- large side scatter (NL-SSC) was shown in APL cells. It is concluded that there is a unique characteristics of immunophenotyping, and antigens such as CD123, CD33 and CD9 are more applicable to the detection of MRD in APL patients. The positive expression of CD34 and NL-SSC are associated with bcr3 isoform, and the relationship between gene type and antigen expression can be suggested more accurately when the cut-off value is chosen as 10%.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Child , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Genetics , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302144

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate abca5, mdr-1, kdr, dapk and irf-1 expressions in leukemia stem/progenitor cells (LSC) from CD7 positive acute myeloid leukemia, the expression of these 5 genes in mononuclear cells (MNC) from 15 normal bone marrow (NBM) and 16 AML patients bone marrow (AML BM) specimen were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR). CD34(+)CD38(+) progenitor cells and CD34(+)CD38(-)Lin(-) stem cells were sorted by flow cytometry (FCM) from the MNCs of 10 NBM and 21 AML BM specimen. These 5 gene expressions in the sorted cells were detected by small amount cell RQ-PCR. The results showed that these 5 genes above mentioned all expressed in NBM-MNC, in which the expression levels of irf-1 and dapk were highest with the relative expression levels 4.08 and 3.86, the expression levels of abca 5 and mdr-1 were in the middle with the relative expression 0.49 and 0.84 respectively, the kdr expression was lowest with the relative expression level 0.02. In CD34(+)CD38(+) progenitor cells, the expression level of kdr increased dramatically (p < 0.05) while irf-1 and dapk dramatically decreased (p < 0.05). There was no obvious change of expression in the rest 2 genes. In CD34(+)CD38(-) stem cells the expression level of these 5 genes all increased nearly 2 times as much as that in CD34(+)CD38(+) progenitor cells, but kdr increased 3 times as much, and the increase of kdr and irf-1 expressions was of statistical significance (p < 0.05). Compared with the NBM, expression levels of 5 genes in AML-MNC decreased, and out of them abca 5, mdr-1, kdr and dapk were decreased most remarkably (p < 0.05). Comparison between AML CD34(+)CD38(+) cells and AML MNC showed that the expression level of irf-1 and dapk were decreased dramatically (p < 0.05) while the rest 3 genes increased their expression with statistical significance (p < 0.05). The expression levels of these 5 genes were higher in CD34(+)CD38(-) cells than those in CD34(+)CD38(+) stem cells, and the increase of kdr and irf-1 expressions showed statistical difference (p < 0.05). These 5 genes expression levels were all higher than those in CD34(+)CD38(+) cells whether in AML CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(+) cells or CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(-) cells. The increase of kdr expression in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(+) cells as well as kdr and irf-1 expressions in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(-) cells were all of statistical significance (p < 0.05). In conclusion the expression level of kdr in NBM was highest in stem cells while dapk and irf-1 were highest in differentiated cells. The expression levels of these 5 genes in CD34(+)CD38(-)Lin(-) stem cells were higher than those in CD34(+)CD38(+) progenitor cells. The gene expressions in AML CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(+) cells and CD34(+)CD38(-)CD7(-) cells are in accordance with the characteristics of stem cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD7 , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Case-Control Studies , Female , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Stem Cells , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317261

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effective way to test 4-year-old children's ability of sound localization in the horizontal plane.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using minimum audible angle (MAA) measure procedure on the basis of conditioned play audiometry, sound localization test was conducted for 4-year-old children at 0 degrees , +/- 45 degrees , +/- 90 degrees , +/- 135 degrees and 180 degrees standard positions in the horizontal plane.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The outcome of sound localization test for 4-year-old children separately were: MAA (0 degrees ) = (3.80 +/- 0.71) degrees , MAA (-45 degrees ) = (7.70 +/- 1.27) degrees , MAA (45 degrees ) = (7.10 +/- 1.39) degrees , MAA (-90 degrees ) = (8.15 +/- 2.38) degrees , MAA (90 degrees ) = (7.61 +/- 2.47) degrees , MAA (-135 degrees ) = (8.85 +/- 2.70) degrees , MAA (135 degrees ) = (8.30 +/- 1.42) degrees , MAA (180 degrees ) = (5.20 +/- 1.27) degrees . The MAA of eight standard positions were less than 10 degrees , and the MAA (0 degrees ) was the smallest one.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our findings suggest that MAA test procedure on the basis of conditioned play audiometry could be used to evaluate the ability of sound localization in 4-year-old children.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Sound Localization
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334053

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to construct a recombinant conditionally replicating adenovirus (CRAd) expressing programmed cell death 5 (pdcd5). Pdcd5 gene was inserted in the E3 region of SG600-a CRAd in which the key genes for virus replication E1a and E1b were controlled under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter (hTERTp) and the hypoxia response element (HRE) respectively, and with a deletion of 24 nucleotides within CR2 region of E1a. The insertion and orientation of all recombined plasmids were confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The infection efficiencies of a recombined virus carrying enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in leukemic cell lines were observed by using fluorescence microscope. The relative pdcd5 expression levels of K562 after being infected with SG611-pdcd5 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The results showed that the construction of SG611-pdcd5 was completed and confirmed. Pdcd5, hTERTp, HRE, skeleton and fiber11 of recombinant adenovirus SG611-pdcd5 were successfully amplified. The infection efficiencies of SG611-EGFP were all above 70% in both leukemic K562 and MEG-01 cell lines. SG611-pdcd5 expressed pdcd5 with high efficiency in leukemic cells as compared with Ad-pdcd5 or SG611 (p < 0.001). The expression level of pdcd5 increased gradually along with the increase of MOI. It is concluded that the triple-regulated adenovirus of SG611-pdcd5 containing the pro-apopro-tic gene pdcd5 has been successfully established with high pdcd5 expression level in leukemic cells, indicating that the recombinant adenovirus, SG611-pdcd5, promises further development of targeted tumor gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Oncolytic Viruses , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Telomerase , Genetics
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1249-1254, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343308

ABSTRACT

In order to study the quantity of dendritic cell (DC) subsets of bone marrow in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the bone marrow aspirate were collected from 77 newly diagnosed AML patients and from 30 healthy persons. The quantity of DC subsets (myeloid dendritic cells, mDC and plasmacytoid dendritic cells, pDC) were detected by flow cytometry and analysed by 3-color and 4-color cytometric gate. Based on the conventional 3-color panel, mDC were identified by Lin-HLA-DR+CD11c+ and pDC were identified by Lin-HLA-DR+CD123+. Based on the 4-color panel, mDC were identified by Lin-HLA-DR+CD11c+ BDCA-1+ and pDC were identified by Lin-HLA-DR+CD123+BDCA-2+. The results showed that a reduction of mDC was found in 74.0% (57/77) and 58.4% (45/77) patients, a reduction of pDC was found in 90.9% (70/77) and 46.8% (36/77) patients respectively by 3-color and 4-color cytometric analysis. Meanwhile an expansion of mDC was showed in 19.5% (15/77) and 22.1% (17/77) patients, an expansion of pDC was showed in 1.3% (1/77) and 27.3% (21/77) patients respectively by 3-color and 4-color cytometric analysis. In subtypes of AML-M2, AML-M3 or AML-M4/5, 81.4%, 100% and 42.1% patients showed mDC decrease and 88.4%, 100% and 89.5% patients showed pDC decrease respectively by 4-color cytometric analysis. It is concluded that the 4-color cytometric gate is better method for detection of mDC and pDC from bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients as compared with 3-color cytometric gate, the majority of AML patients showed reduction of mDC and pDC. The percentages of patients with mDC normal or mDC increase in AML-M4/5 subtypes are more than that in AML-M2/3 subtypes, while the pDC does not show difference between AML subtypes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Case-Control Studies , Child , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339195

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To work out the elicitation plan, obtain the mismatch negativity (MMN) and get out the laboratory normal value as well as to study the influence to MMN from the deviation of auditory stimuli.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hearing test of the tone burst stimulation was performed on 21 healthy young volunteers according to oddball stimulation sequence. Each subject was performed two kinds of auditory stimuli including frequency deviant stimuli and intensity deviant stimuli, and of each one included three series of stimulation. MMN was gained by subtracting the ERP of deviant stimuli from the ERP of standard stimuli. The latency and amplitude of each MMN were recorded, and then the effect of the deviant extent for MMN was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>By this setup the MMN of normal young people was recorded and normal value of latency and amplitude of MMN were got. In the group of frequency deviant stimuli, the MMN latency [(155.81 +/- 29.08) ms], if the frequency was up to 2000 Hz, was shorter than that when the frequency deviance was 1000 Hz [(182.89 +/- 45.85) ms, (183.32 +/- 43.33) ms] (P = 0.033, 0.030); when the deviant extent were the same, the latency had no obvious difference if changing the frequency of the standard and deviant stimuli (P = 0.973); the MMN amplitude of three groups [(3.85 +/- 2.22) microV, (2.90 +/- 2.05) microV, (2.66 +/- 2.12) microV] had no obvious difference among them (P > 0.05). In the group of intensity deviant stimuli, the MMN latency [(157.04 +/- 34.87) ms], if the frequency was up to 20 dB, was shorter (P = 0.025, 0.017) than that when the intensity deviance was 10 dB [(184.46 +/- 38.05) ms, (186.24 +/- 42.36) ms]. When the deviant extent were the same, the latency had no obvious difference (P = 0.882) if changing the intensity of the standard and deviant stimuli but only group 4 and group 6 [(3.41 +/- 1.64) microV, (2.37 +/- 1.47) microV] were different in evidence (P = 0.031) while the others had no obvious difference (P = 0.524, 0.122).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MMN was only related to the difference between standard stimuli and deviant stimuli, but there was no relationship between MMN and the notice, which indicate that MMN could objectively reflect the capability of brain to detect the change of stimuli. MMN is the representation of brain high-level sensory function.</p>


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation , Adult , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Reaction Time , Reference Values , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 441-445, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240000

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression level of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) mRNA in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and evaluate its usefulness for detecting minimal residual disease (MRD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PRAME mRNA levels were detected in bone marrow samples from 142 newly diagnosed AML patients (72 of them didn't express any specific fusion gene) by TaqMan based real-time quantitative PCR methods, and were serially monitored in 60 bone marrow samples from 9 follow-up patients (2 of them without specific fusion gene), including 3 in continuous complete remission, 6 in hematological relapse. Bone marrow samples from 22 bone marrow donors (NBM) were served as normal controls. Samples from 7 AML1-ETO (+) M2 patients were detected for AML1-ETO mRNA simultaneously. abl was selected as control gene, PRAME and AML1-ETO mRNA levels were expressed by their copies/abl copies in percentage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All NBM samples expressed PRAME mRNA and the upper limit was 0.28%. For all newly diagnosed AML patients, median PRAME mRNA level was 3.97% (0.00%-714.97%), 76.8% of them was higher than 0.28%, 54.9% had over 1-log increasing and 26.1% had over 2-log increasing. For patients without specific fusion gene, median PRAME mRNA level was 0.60% (0.00%-408.72%), 56.3% of them was over 0.28%, 32.4% and 11.3% had over 1-log and 2-log increasing, respectively. There was a significant difference in PRAME mRNA levels between subtypes of AML patients (P<0.01). AML1-ETO (+) M2 patients expressed the highest levels (all P<0.01), followed by acute promyelocytic leukemia patients with S type PML-RAR alpha fusion gene. PRAME and AML1-ETO mRNA levels of follow up patients displayed similar kinetic patterns, and correlated well in 43 follow up samples (r=0.88, P<0.01). PRAME mRNA levels in 3 hematological relapsed patients increased above 0.28% 1-4 months ahead relapse, and in other 3 relapsed patients the levels never decreased to normal range even in remission.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PRAME mRNA could be used to monitor MRD for AML patients with higher than normal levels, and it increases over or persistently higher than normal range predicts hematological relapse.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, Neoplasm , Genetics , Metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
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