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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1318-1324, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological characteristics and molecular biological basis of 8 individuals with Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area.@*METHODS@#Serological tests were used to identify the blood groups of red cells. Molecular biological methods, including PCR-SSP for ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing for FUT1, were used to detect the genotypes of ABO and FUT1 which determined the expression of H antigen.@*RESULTS@#Eight individuals in the study were all the Para-Bombay phenotypes, including 4 cases of B@*CONCLUSION@#There are varieties of molecular genetic mechanisms for Para-Bombay phenotypes. In this study, the FUT1 mutations that cause Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area are mainly h3, h


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , China , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879115

ABSTRACT

Aspalathus linearis is a needle-shaped shrub that grows in the Cedarberg mountains in southern South Africa, with an extremely high medicinal value. In 2014, China has approved A. linearis as a new food material. Through retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases, the literatures were excluded, classified and summarized.On the basis of Chinese medicine theory, the traditional Chinese medicine properties were deducted. Finally, 264 relevant li-teratures were included and classified into 6 categories: review, planting, chemical composition, clinical study, pharmacological effects and safety. The traditional Chinese medicinal properties were deducted as sweet flavor and neutral property. It enters kidney, spleen, heart and liver channels. The major functions are to tonify the kidney and benefit the essence, nourish Qi and spleen, nourish Yin and prompt the production of body fluid, tranquilize mind, and relieve pain. It can be used for soreness of the waist and fatigue, sexual disinterest, limbs heaviness, thirst due to insufficiency of fluid and internal heat, irritability and insomnia, forget fulness, stomachache, joint pain, dysmenorrhea, headache. Preparation for external use can treat eczema itching. Water decoction(2-15 g) can also be used as tea directly. This paper defined the traditional Chinese medicine properties of A. linearis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aspalathus , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879113

ABSTRACT

Based on the research literatures of Passiflora incarnata and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the paper discussed the traditional Chinese medicinal properties of P. incarnate, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the compatibility and application of P. incarnata. The literature databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus were selected, and the literatures relating to P. incarnata were reviewed to screen out the scientific research literatures with a high credibility, rational design and reliable conclusions. Foreign pharmacopoeia was consulted, and the listed products were summarized. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of P. incarnata were studied based on 32 clinical trials, 66 pharmacological researches, 64 chemical constituents researches as well as the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It was preliminarily concluded that the medicinal properties of P. incarnata are sweet, cool, and enter heart, liver channels. The function is mainly to calm the heart and tranquilizing the mind, and calm the liver wind. It is used for hyperactivity of liver-Yang, stagnation of liver-Qi, restlessness of mind, depression, nervousness, insomnia. This paper summarized the source, characteristics of natures, tastes and channel tropism, usage and dosage, function indications of P. incarnata, and defined its clear traditional Chinese medicine property, which lays a theoretical foundation for the compatibility and clinical application of P. incarnata and Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Passiflora , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879112

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis is a traditional medicinal aromatic plant in the Mediterranean. At present, the plant has been introduced and cultivated in the southern part of China, and it is mostly used for ornamental or cosmetic purposes. Based on literature analysis and the theory of Chinese medicine, we discussed the medicinal parts and properties of M. communis in this paper to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the medicinal value of M. communis and its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. Literatures were searched from Web of Science(core collection), PubMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang by using the set conditions as key words. Then the obtained literatures were screened and classified. Finally, a total of 376 articles were included, consisting of 44 reviews, 54 germplasm resources, 78 chemical researches, 48 studies on application, extraction, or quality, 18 human trials, 132 pharmacological studies, and 2 safety studies. Based on literature analysis and theories of Chinese medicine, the leaves of M. communis were finally selected as the medicinal part of Chinese medicine, and the traditional Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves were deduced as pungent, bitter, and cool. The channel tropisms of M. communis leaves included lung, liver, and large intestine, with functions of detoxifying, resolving a mass, and insecticide. It was used for mouth sores, vaginal itching, hemorrhoids and warts, etc.; appropriate amount shall be applied for external use, and the decoction form shall be used for washing the affected parts; 3-12 g equivalent product shall be used in decoction, and this herb shall be put into the decoction in a later stage. The clarification of the medicinal parts of M. communis, and the determination of the Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves would lay a theoretical foundation for its compatibility and application with Chinese medicines, and can do more contribution to the medical and healthcare industry in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myrtus , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887970

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the current Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines effective in boosting memory,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of memory-boosting health products. The information on memory-boosting health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was collected and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the TCMISS were used to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. A total of 212 memory-boosting health products were obtained from SAMR,including 83 ones containing Chinese medicinal materials. Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 8,with 151 times in use. In DRUGDATAEXPY,258 similar Chinese patent medicines were collected.Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 58,with 907 times in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropybased clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines separately,5 and 12 new formulas were obtained. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines for the new formulas was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,tonifying kidney and marrow,benefiting Qi,nourishing Yin,resolving phlegm,and eliminating stasis. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation of the users was conducted,and the formulas were designed following the correspondence of syndromes with formulas and Chinese herbal medicines. This study is expected to provide new ideas and methods for the development of Chinese medicinal health products and accurately guide practical applications to exert the advantages of TCM in health care based on syndrome differentiation and improve the effect of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Syndrome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690953

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the cases of platelet transfusion refractoriness after received HLA-matched unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, to analyze and identify the phenotype and genotype of CD36 in both the patient and stem cell donor, as well as the characteristic of antibody induced platelet transfusion refractoriness, and to analyse the efficacy of matched CD36-deficiency platelets transfusions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CD36 expression on platelet and monocyte was analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM) in both patient and donor. Polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) was used to analyze the exons sequence of CD36 and HPA. Fast monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigen (F-MAIPA) and FCM were used to identify platelet antibodies in the patient. Short tandem repeat polymerase chain reaction (STR-PCR) was applied to monitor engraftment evidence. The platelet level was monitored. CD36- deficiency donor's platelets were selected from CD36- deficiency donor blood bank.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The donor was CD36 positive and the patient was typed I CD36 deficiency. The anti-CD36 antibody was identified in patient's serum (after transplantation), while the HLA and HPA-related antibodies were excluded. Sequence analysis of CD36 exon in the patient showed Exon 6 -1G>C(Change in splicing site) homozygote, which was a novel CD36 mutation. STR, HPA and CD36 of the patient (complete chimerism) were conversed to that of donor gene types on day 18 after allo-HSCT. The positive CD36 expression on platelet and monocyte in the patient was observed on day 96 after allo-HSCT. The patient showed the platelet transfusion refractoriness which was significantly improved after platelets transfusions from CD36 deficiency donors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stem cell transplants resulted in anti-CD36 and caused platelet transfusion refractoriness, that was first reported in China. To ensure the efficacy of platelet transfusion, the CD36-deficiency patient should receive CD36 deficiency platelets for transfusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet , Blood Platelet Disorders , Blood Platelets , CD36 Antigens , China , Humans , Platelet Transfusion , Thrombocytopenia
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the inhibitory effect of paeoniflorin (PAE) on TNF-α-induced TNF receptor type I (TNFR1)-mediated signaling pathway in mouse renal arterial endothelial cells (AECs) and to explore its underlying molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mouse AECs were cultured in vitro and then they were treated by different concentrations PAE or TNF-α for various time periods. Expression levels of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were detected in the normal group (cultured by serum-free culture media), the TNF-α group (cultured by 2-h serum-free culture media plus 6-h TNF-α 30 ng/mL), the low dose PAE group (cultured by 2-h PAE 0.8 μmo/L plus 6-h TNF-α 30 ng/mL), the middle dose PAE group (cultured by 2-h PAE 8 μmol/L plus 6-h TNF-α 30 ng/mL), the high dose PAE group (cultured by 2-h PAE 80 μmol/L plus 6-h TNF-α 30 ng/mL) with Western blot analysis. Nuclear translocation of transcription factor NF-κB (NE-κB) was detected in the normal group (cultured by serum-free culture media), the TNF-α group (cultured by 2-h serum-free culture media plus 45-mm TNF-α 30 ng/mL), and the high dose PAE group (cultured by 2-h PAE 80 μmol/L plus 45-min TNF-α 30 ng/mL) by immunofluorescent staining. Expression levels of the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated (protein) kinase (ph-ERK) and p38 (ph- p38) were detected in the normal group (cultured by serum-free culture media) and the high dose PAE group (2-h PAE 80 μmol/L culture) by Western blot. NF-κB inhibitor-α (IκBα) protein expressions were detected in the normal group (cultured by serum-free culture media), the TNF-α group (cultured by 2-h serum-free culture media plus 30-min TNF-α 30 ng/mL), the high dose PAE group (cultured by 2-h PAE 80 μmol/L plus 30-min TNF-α 30 ng/mL), the p38 inhibitor group (SB group, pretreatment with SB238025 25 μmol/L for 30 min, then treated by PAE 80 μmol/L for 2 h, and finally treated by TNF-α 30 ng/mL for 30 min), the ERK inhibitor group (PD group, treated by PD98059 50 μmol/L for 30 min, then treated by PAE 80 μmol/L for 2 h, and finally treated by TNF-α 30 ng/mL for 30 min) by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal group, ICAM-1 protein expression levels obviously increased (P < 0.01). Compared with the TNFα group, ICAM-1 protein expression levels were obviously inhibited in the high dose PAE group (P < 0.05). Protein expression levels of ph-p38 and ph-ERK were obviously higher in the hIgh dose PAE group (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal group, IκBα protein expression levels obviously decreased in the TNF-α group (P < 0.01). Compared with the TNFα group, TNF-α-induced IκBα degradation could be significantly inhibited in the high dose PAE group (P < 0.01); the inhibition of PAE on IκBα degradation could be significantly inhibited in the SB group (P < 0.05). NF-κB/p65 signal was mainly located in cytoplasm in the normal group. NF-κB/p65 was translocated from cytoplasm to nucleus after stimulated by 45 min TNF-α in the TNF-α group, while it could be significantly inhibited in the high dose PAE group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PAE inhibited TNF-α-induced expression of lCAM-1. Its action might be associated with inhibiting TNFR1/NF-κB signaling pathway. p38 participated and mediated these actions.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Mice , Monoterpenes , Pharmacology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Pharmacology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230383

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical curative effects of different methods for the treatment of "floating shoulder injuries".</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 56 patients with "floating shoulder injuries" from February 2006 to August 2014 were enrolled in the study, including 12 patients[7 males and 5 females with an average age of(45.08±13.47)years old]treated by non operation (group A), 29 patients[18 males and 11 females with an average age of(37.28±10.43) years old]treated by internal plate fixation of the fracture of the clavicle(group B), 15 patients(11 males, 4 females; average age of 36.20±9.50 years) treated by internal plate fixation of the fracture of the clavicle and the scapular(group C). Functional outcomes of injured shoulder joints were assessed using Herscovici and Constant-Murley Shoulder Outcome score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant difference on operative time and intra operative blood loss between group B and group C(=0.000). There were significant differences of functional outcomes among three groups(=0.000). The shoulder joint function of group A and group B, group A and group C were significantly different(=0.000), while there was no significant difference between Group B and Group C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Operation treatment for "floating shoulder injuries" has obvious advantages for the functional recovery of shoulder joint, and the risk for the single fixation treatment of clavicle is lower.</p>

9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 45-48, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the diagnosis and treatment of a case of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia purpura (NAITP) caused by anti HPA-3a antibody.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The platelet counts and purpuric symptom in the newborn were clinical examined. The HPA-1-21bw genotypes of the newborn and his parents were detected by multiple DNA-PCR, gene sequencing and genotyping. The HPA specificity antibody in the sera of newborn and his mother were detected by flow cytometry (FCM), and the HPA specificity antibody was identified by monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The newborn had the typical symptom of NAITP, multiple subcutaneous petechia, hematuria and coffee-like vomitus. The HPA genotype of the newborn was HPA-3ab, while that of his mother and his father were HPA-3bb and HPA-3aa, respectively. The sera of newborn and his mother existed antibody against the platelet of newborn's father. The HPA antibody of the newborn and his mother were identified as anti HPA-3a. The newborn was approved a patient of NAITP caused by anti HPA-3a antibody.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The diagnosis and treatment for NAITP newborn caused by anti HPA-3a antibody in this study was the first domestic report. It could provide successful experiences and references for the similar cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibody Specificity , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, Human Platelet , Allergy and Immunology , Genotype , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Isoantibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Thrombocytopenia, Neonatal Alloimmune , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 655-658, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure among residents in Chongqing area.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 5246 residents aged 15 and over in Chongqing area were enrolled in this study by use of stratified sampling and cluster sampling methods. Data on blood pressure (SBP, DBP), pulse, height, body weight, waist and hip circumferences as well as questionnaire survey were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of SBP and DBP and hypertension prevalence rate were significantly positively correlated with BMI (all P < 0.01). SBP, DBP levels and hypertension prevalence rate were significantly higher in people with abdomen obesity than people with normal waist circumference (all P < 0.01). BMI, waist circumference in hypertensive residents were significantly higher than non-hypertensive residents (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Blood pressure level and hypertension prevalence rate were closely related with BMI and waist circumference among residents in Chongqing area.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Female , Heart Rate , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Urban Population , Waist Circumference , Waist-Hip Ratio , Young Adult
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