Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3106-3115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888050

ABSTRACT

To obtain the difference of the fungal and bacterial community diversity between wild Cordyceps sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil, Illmina Hiseq high-throughput sequencing technology was applied. The results show that Proteobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in C. sinensis, Actinobacteria was the dominant bacterial phylum in soil microhabitat, Ophiocordyceps sinensis was the predominant dominant fungus of C. sinensis. The α diversity analysis showed that the fungal diversity of stroma was lower than other parts, and the fungal diversity of wild C. sinensis was lower than that of artificial C. sinensis. The β diversity analysis showed that the fungal and bacterial community diversity of soil microhabitat samples was significantly different from that of C. sinensis. The fungal community diversity was less different between wild and artificial C. sinensis, especially in sclerotia. LEfSe analysis showed a lot of species diversity between wild and artificial C. sinensis. Those different species between wild C. sinensis, artificial C. sinensis and their habitat soil provide ideas for further research on breed and components of C. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Microbiota/genetics , Soil , Soil Microbiology
2.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 393-400, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827230

ABSTRACT

Cordycepin was the first adenosine analogue used as an anticancer and antiviral agent, which is extracted from Cordyceps militaris and hasn't been biosynthesized until now. This study was first conducted to verify the role of ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs, the two RNR subunits, RNRL and RNRM) in the biosynthesis of cordycepin by over expressing RNRs genes in transformed C. militaris. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of RNR subunit genes were significantly upregulated in transformant C. militaris strains compared to the control strain. The results of the HPLC assay indicated that the cordycepin was significantly higher in the C. militaris transformants carrying RNRM than in the wild-type strain, whereas the RNRML was preferentially downregulated. For the C. militaris transformant carrying RNRL, the content of cordycepin wasn't remarkably changed. Furthermore, we revealed that inhibiting RNRs with Triapine (3-AP) almost abrogated the upregulation of cordycepin. Therefore, our results suggested that RNRM can probably directly participate in cordycepin biosynthesis by hydrolyzing adenosine, which is useful for improving cordycepin synthesis and helps to satisfy the commercial demand of cordycepin in the field of medicine.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4605-4611, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008235

ABSTRACT

To analysis the SSR loci information in the transcriptome of Cordyceps sinensis and develop SSR molecular markers,MISA(MicroSatellite) software was used to analyze the microsatellites information from 16 875 unigene sequences and SSR primer designed by Primer 3. 0. In total,5 899 SSRs were detected in 4 252 unigene with the distribution frequency of 34. 99%,which was represented by 74 repeat motifs and SSR loci occurred per 7 952 bp in length. In the SSRs,the mono-nucleotide was the most abundant repeat motif(42. 5%),followed by tri-nucleotide(34. 48%),C/G and CCG/CGG were the dominant repeat motifs,respectively. The number of repetitions of the six SSR repeat types was concentrated on 5 to 12 times,and the length was mostly less than 24 bp. A total of 12 282 pairs of primers were screened and selected 20 pairs of primers for validity detection randomly,10 pairs of primers amplified the expected specific bands,and primer P1 has significant polymorphism. Moreover,it was found that unigene containing SSR loci is mainly related to genetic and environmental functions after GO and KEGG annotation. In conclusion,these SSR loci in the transcriptome of O. sinensis are high in frequency,rich in primitive types,high in polymorphism,and highly available,which will provides abundant candidate molecular markers for its genetic diversity analysis,resource identification protection,and gene function research.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps/genetics , Expressed Sequence Tags , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Genetic , Transcriptome
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1125-1129, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350215

ABSTRACT

Ophiocordyceps sinensis is a valuable traditional Chinese medicine. Due to resource shortage, expensive price and huge market demand, there are many adulterants of O. sinensis in markets. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a rapid and effective method for distinguishing O. sinensis. Based on the species-specific PCR of O. sinensis, this study developed a detection kit by optimizing the components and evaluated the specificity, detection limit, repeatability and shelf life of the kit. The results showed that when the quality of O. sinensis accounted for more than 1/200 of that mixture, it could be detected successfully. Moreover, only O. sinensis could be amplified and glowed bright green fluorescence under ultraviolet light. The kit was still in effect when it was placed at 37 ℃ for three days, which indicated that it was stable and effective for one year stored in 4 ℃. The kit in the same batch under different operation conditions, and in different batch under the same operation conditions gave the same result and accuracy, which showed good repeatability of the kit. It is simple, rapid and accurate to distinguish O. sinensis from its adulterants using the kit, and lays the foundation for commercialization of traditional Chinese medicine fast detection kit.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3963-3966, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320807

ABSTRACT

Both market research and literature reports both found that the ootheca of mantodea was all used as medicine. However, Chinese Pharmacopoeia only records the ootheca of three mantis species. The clinical use of ootheca unrecorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, will pose potential risks to drug safety. It's urgent to identify the origin of Mantidis Oötheca. The current researches about original animal in Mantidis Oötheca are based on morphology and unanimous. DNA barcoding fill gaps of the traditional morphological identification, which is widely used in animal classification studies. This study first use DNA barcoding to analyze genetic distance among different Mantidis Oötheca types, align COI sequences between mantis and Mantidis Oötheca and construct the phylogeny tree. The result confirmed that Tenodera sinensis and Hierodula patellifera were the origin insects of Tuanpiaoxiao and Heipiaoxiao, respectively, and Statilia maculate and Mantis religiosa were the origin insects of Changpiaoxiao.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , Electron Transport Complex IV , Genetics , Insect Proteins , Genetics , Mantodea , Classification , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phylogeny
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 966-968, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350680

ABSTRACT

Mantidis Oötheca is commonly used Chinese medicine. Because of the used medicinal part is oötheca and many mantis species can yield ootheca, it is not possible to identify its original animal accurately. There is no unanimous conclusion about the corresponding relationship between Mantis and Mantidis Oötheca (Sangpiaoxiao). This relationship is the basis of the Mantidis Oötheca research. Our study combined the methods of artificial incubation oötheca and capture the living mantis to identify the species of Mantis and Mantidis Oötheca. The results showed that the origin insects of Mantidis Oötheca was Tenodera, Hierodula and Statilia genus insects. This has laid a foundation for further study of Mantidis Oötheca.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mantodea , Chemistry , Classification , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Quality Control
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 969-972, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clarify the commercial original species of hippocampus in the market.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Field survey and interview were applied to the investigation.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Present study identified the main commercial hippocampus of 13 species, including Pharmacopoeia contained four kinds of hippocampus (without Hippocampus japonicus) listed in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the identification method for the 13 kinds of commercially hippocampus was established.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The further research on hippocampus should be strengthened for the establishment of hippocampal quality control standard.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Economics , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Smegmamorpha , Classification
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1375-1377, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294106

ABSTRACT

To analyze the content and type of soluble proteins in Cordyceps sinensis from different producing areas and processed with different methods with bradford method and 2-DE technology, in order to discover significant differences in soluble proteins in C. sinensis processed with different methods and from different producing areas. The preliminary study indicated that the content and diversity of soluble proteins were related to producing areas and processing methods to some extent.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Chemistry , Proteins , Chemistry , Solubility
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL