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Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 787-790, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242397


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical effect of Wenhua Juanbi Recipe (WJR) in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), its effects in reducing the dosage of Western medicine used and stabilizing condition of disease, as well as its influences on peripheral blood levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), for the sake of exploring its preliminary acting mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred patients with RA were randomly assigned to 2 groups, the control group and the treated group, 50 in each group. All were treated with oral administration of methotrexate (MTX,7.5 mg per week), sulfasalazine (0.5 g, tid) and meloxicam (Mobic, 7.5 mg, bid), but to the treated group WJR was given additionally. The therapeutic course for both groups was 3 months. Clinical effect, changes of symptoms and physical signs, dosages of western medicines used, and laboratory indices in 2 groups after treatment were observed, and cases of relapse 3 months after treatment were figured out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate in the treated group was higher than that in the control group (88.0% vs 76.0%, P<0.05). The improvements in scores of symptoms and signs [joint pain (0.61 +/- 0.59), swelling (1.49 +/- 1.20), tenderness (0.90 +/- 0.69), movement (0.68 +/- 0.62), griping strength (68.56 +/- 6.50) mm Hg, morning stiff time (23.26 +/- 9.26) min], and in levels of laboratory indices (TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, anti-CCP, RF, ESR, CRP, PLT and Ig) in the treated group after treatment were significantly superior to those in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The dosages of MTX [(82.11 +/- 11.35) mg vs (94.75 +/- 10.23) mg] and meloxicam [(108.85 +/- 16.13) mg vs (189.63 +/- 18.44) mg] used, and the relapse rate in the treated group were lower significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01) than those in the control group respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Effect of combined therapy of WJR and Western medicines is superior to that of using Western medicines alone in treating RA; WJR can reduce the dosages of Western medicines used and the relapse rate, as well as stabilize the condition of illness. It has the effects of immune regulating and anti-inflammatory reaction. Its mechanism for treating RA is possibly the inhibition on cytokines of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta.</p>

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Methotrexate , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Thiazines , Therapeutic Uses , Thiazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1700-1703, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334426


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the best entry points, direction and length of screw in acetabular anterior column plate technique, and to prevent the serious complications of screw penetrating the joint surface.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty male cadaveric adult semi-pelvic specimen were taken, and the distance from anterior acetabular margin, posterior acetabular margin to anterior inferior iliac spine, iliopubic eminence and pubic tubercle were measured respectively. Determine and make serial cross-sections of the acetabular anterior column, measure the safe angle of screw entry on all entry points of each cross-section, and put all data into software SPSS 10.0 for statistics process.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The distance from anterior acetabular margin to anterior inferior iliac spine, iliopubic eminence and pubic tubercle was (25.4 +/- 1.4) mm, (11.8 +/- 0.7) mm and (37.4 +/- 1.5) mm respectively, the distance from posterior acetabular margin to anterior inferior iliac spine, iliopubic eminence was (15.5 +/- 0.9) mm and (29.1 +/- 1.6) mm respectively. On each cross-section, the maximum of the safe entry angle of inclination in 0.5 cm, 1.0 cm and 1.5 cm entry point lateral to the linea terminalis of pelvis was (8.2 +/- 2.2) degrees , (14.9 +/- 3.4) degrees and (26.1 +/- 4.5) degrees respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>When plate for internal fixation on acetabular region of anterior column is used, there are three ways to avoid screw penetrating the joint surface. The first way is using short screw in any direction; the second way is using long screw close to the linea terminalis of pelvis, the direction of the screw is parallel to the quadrilateral plate; the third way is using different entry angle and length according to different entry point.</p>

Adult , Humans , Male , Acetabulum , General Surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Cadaver , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Models, Anatomic
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683146


Objective To explore the correlation between anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide(A-CCP) antibody and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-?, rheumatoid factor(RF), ESR, PLT count and clinical features in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA), and the outcome of unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients after six months follow up. The value of A-CCP antibdy in the diagnosis of early RA and its pathogenetic roles is in- vestigated. Methods A-CCP antibody and TNF-?were detected by ELISA and the RF was tested by the rate scatting immunity method in 91 RA patients, 46 unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients and 45 other rheumatic diseases patients. Results A-CCP antibody levels in serum correlated significantly with TNF-?levels, PLT count and the degree of joint swelling in RA and unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients(r= 0.854, P=0.O00; r=0.882, P=0.000; r=0.318, P=0.002; r=0.486, P=0.001; r=0.291, P=0.005; r=0.731, P= 0.000 respectively). A-CCP antibody levels in serum was weakly negatively correlated with the gripping power in RA patients(r=0.228, P=0.030). And it was weakly correlated with ESR in unclassified arthritis(arthrai- gia)patients(r=0.365, P=0.013). Compared with other rheumatic diseases patients, A-CCP antibody levlels in serum increased significantly in RA and unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients(P=0.000). Compared with normal controls, it increased in other rheumatic diseases patients(P=0.011). Twenty-four patients had positive A-CCP antibody in 46 unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients. Thirty-two out of 46 unclassified arthritis(arthralgia)patients were early RA after 6 monthes follow up. 95.8%(23/24)unclassified arthritis (arthralgia)patients with positive A-CCP antibody were early RA. Conclusion A-CCP antibody reflects disease activity in certain extent. It's benefit to the diagnosis of early RA. High A-CCPantibody levels com- bined with high levels of TNF-?, ESR, PLT count and joint swelling can help the diagnosis of early RA.