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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e124-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976942

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are several differences in the clinical course of hypertension due to the biological and social differences between men and women. Resistant hypertension is an advanced disease state, and significant gender difference could be expected, but much has not been revealed yet. The purpose of this study was to compare gender differences on the current status of blood pressure (BP) control and clinical prognosis in patients with resistant hypertension. @*Methods@#This is a multicenter, retrospective cohort study using common data model databases of 3 tertiary hospitals in Korea. Total 4,926 patients with resistant hypertension were selected from January 2017 to December 2018. Occurrence of dialysis, heart failure (HF) hospitalization, myocardial infarction, stroke, dementia or all-cause mortality was followed up for 3 years. @*Results@#Male patients with resistant hypertension were younger but had a higher cardiovascular risk than female patients. Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy and proteinuria was higher in men than in women. On-treatment diastolic BP was lower in women than in men and target BP achievement rate was higher in women than in men.During 3 years, the incidence of dialysis and myocardial infarction was higher in men, and the incidence of stroke and dementia was higher in women. After adjustment, male sex was an independent risk factor for HF hospitalization, myocardial infarction, and all-cause death. @*Conclusion@#In resistant hypertension, men were younger than women, but end-organ damage was more common and the risk of cardiovascular event was higher. More intensive cardiovascular prevention strategies may be required in male patients with resistant hypertension.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e34-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967400

ABSTRACT

Background@#The risk of device thrombosis and device-oriented clinical outcomes with bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) was reported to be significantly higher than with contemporary drug-eluting stents (DESs). However, optimal device implantation may improve clinical outcomes in patients receiving BVS. The current study evaluated mid-term safety and efficacy of Absorb BVS with meticulous device optimization under intravascular imaging guidance. @*Methods@#The SMART-REWARD and PERSPECTIVE-PCI registries in Korea prospectively enrolled 390 patients with BVS and 675 patients with DES, respectively. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure (TVF) at 2 years and the secondary major endpoint was patientoriented composite outcome (POCO) at 2 years. @*Results@#Patient-level pooled analysis evaluated 1,003 patients (377 patients with BVS and 626 patients with DES). Mean scaffold diameter per lesion was 3.24 ± 0.30 mm in BVS group.Most BVSs were implanted with pre-dilatation (90.9%), intravascular imaging guidance (74.9%), and post-dilatation (73.1%) at proximal to mid segment (81.9%) in target vessel.Patients treated with BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF (2.9% vs. 3.7%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.283, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.487–3.378, P = 0.615) and 2-year POCO (4.5% vs. 5.9%, adjusted HR, 1.413, 95% CI, 0.663–3.012,P = 0.370) than those with DES. The rate of 2-year definite or probable device thrombosis (0.3% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.424) was also similar. The sensitivity analyses consistently showed comparable risk of TVF and POCO between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#With meticulous device optimization under imaging guidance and avoidance of implantation in small vessels, BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF and device thrombosis with DES.

3.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 544-555, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938455

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The outcome benefits of β-blockers in chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) have not been fully assessed. We evaluated the prognostic impact of β-blockers on patients with chronic CAD after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 3,075 patients with chronic CAD were included from the Grand DrugEluting Stent registry. We analyzed β-blocker prescriptions, including doses and types, in each patient at 3-month intervals from discharge. After propensity score matching, 1,170 pairs of patients (β-blockers vs. no β-blockers) were derived. Primary outcome was defined as a composite endpoint of all-cause death and myocardial infarction (MI). We further analyzed the outcome benefits of different doses (low-, medium-, and high-dose) and types (conventional or vasodilating) of β-blockers. @*Results@#During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 3.1 (3.0–3.1) years, 134 (5.7%) patients experienced primary outcome. Overall, β-blockers demonstrated no significant benefit in primary outcome (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–1.24), all-cause death (HR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.60–1.25), and MI (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.49–3.15). In subgroup analysis, β-blockers were associated with a lower risk of all-cause death in patients with previous MI and/ or revascularization (HR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.14–0.99) (p for interaction=0.045). No significant associations were found for the clinical outcomes with different doses and types of β-blockers. @*Conclusions@#Overall, β-blocker therapy was not associated with better clinical outcomes in patients with chronic CAD undergoing PCI. Limited mortality benefit of β-blockers may exist for patients with previous MI and/or revascularization.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 220-233, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811357

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies.METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.RESULTS: At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19–0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54–13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67–9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68–31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10–7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI.CONCLUSIONS: SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Creatinine , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Shock, Cardiogenic
5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 220-233, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833038

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies.@*METHODS@#From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.@*RESULTS@#At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19–0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54–13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67–9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68–31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10–7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.

6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 582-592, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831867

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Chest pain in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (OCAD) is affected by several social factors. The gender-based differences in chest pain among Koreans have yet to be investigated. @*Methods@#The study consecutively enrolled 1,549 patients (male/female, 514/1,035; 61 ± 11 years old) with suspected angina. The predictive factors for OCAD based on gender were evaluated. @*Results@#Men experienced more squeezing type pain on the left side of chest, while women demonstrated more dull quality pain in the retrosternal and epigastric area. After adjustment for risk factors, pain in the retrosternal area (odds ratio [OR], 1.491; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.178 to 1.887) and aggravation by exercise (OR, 2.235; 95% CI, 1.745 to 2.861) were positively associated with OCAD. In men, shorter duration (OR, 1.581; 95% CI, 1.086 to 2.303) and dyspnea (OR, 1.610; 95% CI, 1.040 to 2.490) increased the probability for OCAD, while left-sided chest pain suggested a low probability for OCAD (OR, 0.590; 95% CI, 0.388 to 0.897). In women, aggravation by emotional stress (OR, 0.348; 95% CI, 0.162 to 0.746) and dizziness (OR, 0.457; 95% CI, 0.246 to 0.849) decreased the probability for OCAD. @*Conclusions@#This is the first study to focus on gender differences in chest pain among Koreans with angina. Symptoms with high probability for OCAD were different between sexes. Our findings suggest that patient’s medical history in pretest assessment for OCAD should be individualized considering gender.

7.
Blood Research ; : 77-84, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830999

ABSTRACT

Background@#The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) varies among studies. We analyzed the prevalence of PH in Korean patients with Philadelphia-negative (Ph-) MPNs. @*Methods@#Medical records of patients with Ph- MPNs [essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), or primary myelofibrosis (PMF)] visiting a single hospital between 1993 and 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination (TTE) results were reviewed and PH was diagnosed according to established guidelines. @*Results@#Of the 320 MPN (179 ET, 107 PV, and 34 PMF) patients, 225 (121 ET, 83 PV, and 21 PMF) underwent TTE. Of these 225 MPN patients, 19 of 121 (15.7%) ET, 9 of 83 (10.8%) PV, and 6 of 21 (28.6%) PMF patients had PH. PV patients with PH were older [71 (42‒85) vs. 61.5 (26‒91) yr, respectively; P =0.049], predominantly female (male:female ratio, 0.29 vs. 1.96, respectively; P =0.010), had lower hemoglobin levels (15.9±2.6 g/dL vs. 18.4±2.6 g/dL, respectively; P =0.010), and higher platelet counts (616.6±284.2×109/L vs. 437.7±191.7×109/L, respectively; P =0.020) than PV patients without PH. PMF patients with PH had higher monocyte counts (1.3±0.5×109/L vs. 0.8±0.4×109/L, respectively; P =0.031) than those without PH. PH was a risk factor for poor survival in PV (HR, 12.4; 95% CI, 1.8‒86.6). @*Conclusion@#PH is common in patients with Ph- MPNs and hence, careful screening for PH is warranted.

8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 36-43, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787276

ABSTRACT

We evaluated whether thrombus aspiration (TA) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces adverse clinical outcomes within 30-days and 1-year periods. There is no well-designed, Korean data about the clinical impact of intracoronary TA during primary PCI in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 3749 patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI within 12 hours (60.8±12.9 years, 18.7% women) with pre-procedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow 0, 1 in coronary angiography were enrolled between November 2011 and December 2015. The patients were divided into two groups: PCI with TA (n=1630) and PCI alone (n=2119). The primary end-point was major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiovascular death (CVD), recurrent MI and stroke for 30-days and 1-year. TA did not diminish the risk of MACE, all-cause mortality and CVD in all patients during 30-days or 1-year. After performing the propensity score matching, TA also did not reduce the risk of MACE (Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI):1.187 [0.863-1.633], p value=0.291), all-cause mortality (HR with 95% CI: 1.130 [0.776-1.647], p value=0.523) and CVD (HR with 95% CI: 1.222 [0.778-1.920], p value=0.384) during the 1-year period. In subgroup analysis, there was no benefit of clinical outcomes favoring PCI with TA. In conclusion, primary PCI with TA did not reduce MACE, all-cause mortality or CVD among the Korean patients with STEMI and pre-procedural TIMI flow 0, 1 during the 30-day and 1-year follow ups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Stroke , Thrombectomy , Thrombosis
9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 69-80, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738760

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are no data comparing clinical outcomes of complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between biodegradable polymer-biolimus-eluting stents (BP-BES) and durable polymer-everolimus-eluting stents (DP-EES). We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BP-BES compared with DP-EES in patients undergoing complex PCI. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the SMART-DESK registry were stratified into 2 categories based on the complexity of PCI. Complex PCI was defined as having at least one of the following features: unprotected left main lesion, ≥2 lesions treated, total stent length >40 mm, minimal stent diameter ≤2.5 mm, or bifurcation as target lesion. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 2 years of follow-up. RESULTS: Of 1,999 patients, 1,145 (57.3%) underwent complex PCI: 521 patients were treated with BP-BES and 624 with DP-EES. In propensity-score matching analysis (481 pairs), the risks of TLF (3.8% vs. 5.2%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.578; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.246–1.359; p=0.209), cardiac death (2.5% vs. 2.5%, adjusted HR, 0.787; 95% CI, 0.244–2.539; p=0.689), TV-MI (0.5% vs. 0.4%, adjusted HR, 1.128; 95% CI, 0.157–8.093; p=0.905), and TLR (1.1% vs. 2.9%, adjusted HR, 0.390; 95% CI, 0.139–1.095; p=0.074) did not differ between 2 stent groups after complex PCI. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes of BP-BES were comparable to those of DP-EES at 2 years after complex PCI. Our data suggest that use of BP-BES is acceptable, even for complex PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Stents
10.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 485-494, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There are limited data regarding the clinical efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We investigated the influence of POT on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronary bifurcation lesions.@*METHODS@#We enrolled a total of 1,191 patients with a bifurcation lesion with a side branch (SB) diameter ≥2.5 mm treated with a drug-eluting stent from 18 centers between January 2003 and December 2009. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs: cardiac death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization [TLR]). We performed one-to-many (1:N) propensity score matching with non-fixed matching ratio.@*RESULTS@#POT was performed in 252 patients. During follow-up (median 37 months), the incidence of MACE was lower in the POT group than it was in the non-POT group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.24–0.79; p=0.006). After propensity score matching, these were 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17–0.69; p=0.003 for MACE and 0.37; 95% CI, 0.17–0.78; p=0.01 for TLR. The use of POT was associated with significantly lower TLR in patients treated without kissing ballooning, but was not in those who underwent kissing ballooning (p for interaction=0.03).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In coronary bifurcation lesions with a large SB, POT may be beneficial to improve long-term clinical outcome, particularly in patients treated without kissing ballooning during the procedure.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01642992

11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 69-80, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917278

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There are no data comparing clinical outcomes of complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between biodegradable polymer-biolimus-eluting stents (BP-BES) and durable polymer-everolimus-eluting stents (DP-EES). We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BP-BES compared with DP-EES in patients undergoing complex PCI.@*METHODS@#Patients enrolled in the SMART-DESK registry were stratified into 2 categories based on the complexity of PCI. Complex PCI was defined as having at least one of the following features: unprotected left main lesion, ≥2 lesions treated, total stent length >40 mm, minimal stent diameter ≤2.5 mm, or bifurcation as target lesion. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 2 years of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Of 1,999 patients, 1,145 (57.3%) underwent complex PCI: 521 patients were treated with BP-BES and 624 with DP-EES. In propensity-score matching analysis (481 pairs), the risks of TLF (3.8% vs. 5.2%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.578; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.246–1.359; p=0.209), cardiac death (2.5% vs. 2.5%, adjusted HR, 0.787; 95% CI, 0.244–2.539; p=0.689), TV-MI (0.5% vs. 0.4%, adjusted HR, 1.128; 95% CI, 0.157–8.093; p=0.905), and TLR (1.1% vs. 2.9%, adjusted HR, 0.390; 95% CI, 0.139–1.095; p=0.074) did not differ between 2 stent groups after complex PCI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clinical outcomes of BP-BES were comparable to those of DP-EES at 2 years after complex PCI. Our data suggest that use of BP-BES is acceptable, even for complex PCI.

12.
Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education ; : 344-356, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764588

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop and evaluate the effects of an empathy education program for undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: The study employed a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. A total of 46 nursing students were voluntarily recruited by convenience sampling from senior nursing students from the nursing department of K college in I city, Korea. Participants were divided into two groups, an experimental group of 23 and a control group of 23. The experimental intervention (empathy education program) was conducted from April 19 to May 6, 2016 and consisted of 150-minute sessions, twice a week, for 3 weeks for a total of 15 hours. RESULTS: Participants demonstrated improvements in perspective taking in cognitive empathy, improved empathic concern in emotional empathy, and improved communicative empathy. Analysis of reflective writings identified four theme clusters regarding communicative empathy: improvement of empathic expression, experiencing comfort and healing, improvement of interpersonal relationships, and experience of conflict resolution. Improved interpersonal ability and caring were also identified. CONCLUSION: The empathy education program improved cognitive, emotional and communicative empathy, and interpersonal skills and care, which are all necessary qualities for nurses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education , Empathy , Interpersonal Relations , Korea , Negotiating , Nursing , Social Skills , Students, Nursing
13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 123-134, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766778

ABSTRACT

Since the new hypertension guideline published by the American Heart Association/American College Cardiology/American Society of Hypertension in 2017, the Korean Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Hypertension revised and announced new hypertension guidelines. Also the Korean Society of Hypertension published Korea hypertension fact sheet 2018, including prevalence, awareness, management status of hypertension, and their trends in Korea. Herein, I provide information on diagnosis and treatment of hypertension based on the new guidelines of the Korean Society of Hypertension.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diagnosis , Heart , Hypertension , Korea , Prevalence
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 485-494, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759441

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are limited data regarding the clinical efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We investigated the influence of POT on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronary bifurcation lesions. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 1,191 patients with a bifurcation lesion with a side branch (SB) diameter ≥2.5 mm treated with a drug-eluting stent from 18 centers between January 2003 and December 2009. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs: cardiac death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization [TLR]). We performed one-to-many (1:N) propensity score matching with non-fixed matching ratio. RESULTS: POT was performed in 252 patients. During follow-up (median 37 months), the incidence of MACE was lower in the POT group than it was in the non-POT group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.24–0.79; p=0.006). After propensity score matching, these were 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17–0.69; p=0.003 for MACE and 0.37; 95% CI, 0.17–0.78; p=0.01 for TLR. The use of POT was associated with significantly lower TLR in patients treated without kissing ballooning, but was not in those who underwent kissing ballooning (p for interaction=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In coronary bifurcation lesions with a large SB, POT may be beneficial to improve long-term clinical outcome, particularly in patients treated without kissing ballooning during the procedure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01642992


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Treatment Outcome
15.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 198-208, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738690

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A relationship between renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been suggested, but not elucidated clearly. We examined the levels of RAS components in patients with and without MetS and their association with MetS in Korean population. METHODS: This study was approved by the review boards of the participating institutions and endorsed by the Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis. We screened 892 Koreans aged ≥20 years who underwent evaluation of hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia at 6 tertiary hospitals in 2015–2016. After excluding patients who were taking diuretics, β-blockers, or RAS blockers, or suspected of primary aldosteronism, 829 individuals were enrolled. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters including aldosterone, plasma renin activity (PRA), and aldosterone-to-PRA ratio were evaluated. The homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were used for evaluating insulin resistance. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 52.8±12.8 years, 56.3% were male, and their mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 133.9±20.0 and 81.2±14.6 mmHg, respectively. The levels of serum aldosterone, but not PRA, were significantly higher in subjects with MetS than in those without (20.6±33.6 vs. 15.3±12.2 ng/dL, p < 0.05), and positively correlated with waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, and glycated hemoglobin. The levels of aldosterone were independently associated with the number of MetS components and HOMA-IR after adjusting for conventional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum aldosterone levels were higher in Korean adults with MetS than in those without. This finding suggests that increased aldosterone level might be closely associated with insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Aldosterone , Atherosclerosis , Blood Pressure , Diuretics , Dyslipidemias , Glycated Hemoglobin , Homeostasis , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypertension , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Metabolic Syndrome , Plasma , Renin , Renin-Angiotensin System , Risk Factors , Tertiary Care Centers , Triglycerides , Waist Circumference
16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1256-1257, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718005

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carney Complex , Neurilemmoma
17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 198-208, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#A relationship between renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been suggested, but not elucidated clearly. We examined the levels of RAS components in patients with and without MetS and their association with MetS in Korean population.@*METHODS@#This study was approved by the review boards of the participating institutions and endorsed by the Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis. We screened 892 Koreans aged ≥20 years who underwent evaluation of hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia at 6 tertiary hospitals in 2015–2016. After excluding patients who were taking diuretics, β-blockers, or RAS blockers, or suspected of primary aldosteronism, 829 individuals were enrolled. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters including aldosterone, plasma renin activity (PRA), and aldosterone-to-PRA ratio were evaluated. The homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were used for evaluating insulin resistance.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the participants was 52.8±12.8 years, 56.3% were male, and their mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 133.9±20.0 and 81.2±14.6 mmHg, respectively. The levels of serum aldosterone, but not PRA, were significantly higher in subjects with MetS than in those without (20.6±33.6 vs. 15.3±12.2 ng/dL, p < 0.05), and positively correlated with waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, and glycated hemoglobin. The levels of aldosterone were independently associated with the number of MetS components and HOMA-IR after adjusting for conventional risk factors.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum aldosterone levels were higher in Korean adults with MetS than in those without. This finding suggests that increased aldosterone level might be closely associated with insulin resistance.

18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 272-277, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115128

ABSTRACT

Obesity and metabolic syndrome is a worldwide pandemic and associated with high cardiovascular risk. Metabolic endotoxemia (ME) is thought to be an underlying molecular mechanism. It triggers toll-like receptor 4-mediated inflammatory adipokines and causes a chronic low grade inflammatory status, which results in cardiovascular risk increase. Exercise is the best nonpharmacological treatment to improve prognosis. In this study, we examined the circulating endotoxin level in Korean obese women and investigated effects of exercise on it. Women over body mass index (BMI) 25 kg/m2 participated in a resistance training exercise, Curves. At baseline and after 12 weeks exercise, tests including blood samples were taken. In Korean obese women, the fasting endotoxin was 1.45 ± 0.11 EU/mL. Ingestion of a high calorie meal led to a peak level after 2 hours (postprandial 2 hours [PP2]) and a significant rise over the 4 hours (postprandial 4 hours [PP4]) in it (1.78 ± 0.15 and 1.75 ± 0.14 EU/mL for PP2 and PP4, P < 0.05 vs. fasting). After exercise, BMI and hip circumference were reduced significantly. The total cholesterol (TC) at fasting, PP2 and PP4 were decreased significantly. All levels of circulating endotoxin at fasting, PP2 and PP4 showed reduction. But, the peak change was only significant (baseline vs. 12 weeks for PP2; 1.78 ± 0.15 vs. 1.48 ± 0.06 EU/mL, P < 0.05). We report the circulating endotoxin level in Korean obese women for the first time. Also, we establish that energy intake leads to endotoxemia and exercise suppresses the peak endotoxemia after meal. It suggests an impact for a better prognosis in obese women who follow regular exercise.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adipokines , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol , Eating , Endotoxemia , Endotoxins , Energy Intake , Fasting , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hip , Lipopolysaccharides , Meals , Obesity , Pandemics , Prognosis , Resistance Training , Toll-Like Receptors
19.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 248-256, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), life satisfaction, and their present awareness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program in people with cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was completed by 53 patients (mean age, 65.7±11.6 years; 33 men and 20 women) with unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or heart failure. The questionnaire included the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36), life domain satisfaction measure (LDSM), and the awareness and degree of using CR program. RESULTS: The average scores of physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) were 47.7±18.5 and 56.5±19.5, respectively. There were significant differences in physical role (F=4.2, p=0.02), vitality (F=10.7, p<0.001), mental health (F=15.9, p<0.001), PCS (F=3.6, p=0.034), and MCS (F=11.9, p<0.001) between disease types. The average LDSM score was 4.7±1.5. Age and disease duration were negatively correlated with multiple HRQoL areas (p<0.05). Monthly income, ejection fraction, and LDSM were positively correlated with several MOS SF-36 factors (p<0.05). However, the number of modifiable risk factors had no significant correlation with medication. Thirty-seven subjects (69.8%) answered that they had not previously heard about CR program. Seventeen patients (32.1%) reported that they were actively participating in CR program. Most people said that a reasonable cost of CR was less than 100,000 Korean won per month. CONCLUSION: CR should focus on improving the physical components of quality of life. In addition, physicians should actively promote CR to cardiovascular disease patients to expand the reach of CR program.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angina, Unstable , Cardiovascular Diseases , Coronary Disease , Health Surveys , Heart Failure , Mental Health , Myocardial Infarction , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Risk Factors
20.
Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education ; : 51-62, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149609

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was to verify the effects of spiritual care module education programs by applying it to nurses. METHOD: The study employed a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design in a quasi-experimental basis. Subjects were 93 nurses (46 in an experimental group and 47 in a control group) with more than two years clinic experience, attending a bachelor program of K University, in I city, Korea. The program consists of courses with 2.5 hours per week for seven weeks. RESULT: Scores of spiritual needs and spiritual nursing competence increased significantly in the experimental group. The score of spirituality and spiritual well-being also increased in the experimental group, but not significantly. CONCLUSION: The spiritual care module education program was considered to be an effective nursing intervention education course. Nurses educated with this program seemed to perform better nursing interventions for subjects facing difficulties or confusion by helping them restore and cope with those problems by themselves. Therefore, it is recommended that spiritual care module education should be settled as a regular course of nursing college with consideration to the corrections and supplements mentioned in this study.


Subject(s)
Education , Korea , Mental Competency , Nursing , Spirituality
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