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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925514

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a life-threatening complication following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD).We previously developed nomogram- and artificial intelligence (AI)-based risk prediction platforms for POPF after PD. This study aims to externally validate these platforms. @*Methods@#Between January 2007 and December 2016, a total of 1,576 patients who underwent PD in Seoul National University Hospital, Ilsan Paik Hospital, and Boramae Medical Center were retrospectively reviewed. The individual risk scores for POPF were calculated using each platform by Samsung Medical Center. The predictive ability was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve (AUC). The optimal predictive value was obtained via backward elimination in accordance with the results from the AI development process. @*Results@#The AUC of the nomogram after external validation was 0.679 (P < 0.001). The values of AUC after backward elimination in the AI model varied from 0.585 to 0.672. A total of 13 risk factors represented the maximal AUC of 0.672 (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#We performed external validation of previously developed platforms for predicting POPF. Further research is needed to investigate other potential risk factors and thereby improve the predictability of the platform.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 637-644, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937608

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#As pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) are considered premalignant lesions, the current guidelines recommend their surgical resection. We aimed to investigate the concordance between preoperative and postoperative diagnoses and evaluate preoperative clinical parameters that could predict the malignant potential of MCNs. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent surgical resection at Samsung Medical Center for pancreatic cystic lesions and whose pathology was confirmed to be MCN, between July 2000 and December 2017, were retrospectively analyzed. @*Results@#Among a total of 132 patients 99 (75%) were diagnosed with MCN preoperatively. The most discordant preoperative diagnosis was an indeterminate pancreatic cyst. The proportion of male patients was higher (24.2% vs 7.1%, p=0.05) in the diagnosis-discordance group and the presence of worrisome features in radiologic imaging studies, such as wall thickening/enhancement (12.1% vs 37.4%, p=0.02) or solid component/mural nodule (3.0% vs 27.3%, p=0.02), was lower in the diagnosis-discordance group. The presence of symptoms (57.7% vs 34.9%, p=0.02), tumor size greater than 4 cm (80.8% vs 55.7%, p=0.04), and radiologic presence of a solid component/mural nodule (42.3% vs 16.0%, p=0.01) or duct dilatation (19.2% vs 6.6%, p=0.01) were significantly associated with malignant MCNs. @*Conclusions@#In our study, the overall diagnostic concordance rate was confirmed to be 75%, and our findings suggest that MCNs have a low malignancy potential when they are less than 4cm in size, are asymptomatic and lack worrisome features on preoperative images.

3.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889037

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) prior to surgical resection in colorectal cancer with liver metastases (CRCLM) patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare overall outcome of CRCLM patients who underwent NAC followed by surgical resection versus surgical treatment first. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 429 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases who underwent simultaneous liver resection between January 2008 and December 2016. Using propensity score matching, overall outcome between 60 patients who underwent NAC before surgical treatment and 60 patients who underwent surgical treatment first was compared. @*Results@#Before propensity score matching, metastatic cancer tended to involve a larger number of liver segments and the primary tumor size was bigger in the NAC group than in the primary resection group, so that a larger percentage of patients in the NAC group underwent major hepatectomy (P<0.001). After propensity score matching, demographic features and pathologic outcomes showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in short-term recovery outcomes such as postoperative morbidity (P=0.603) and oncologic outcome, including 3-year overall survival rate (P=0.285) and disease-free survival rate (P=0.730), between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#NAC prior to surgical treatment in CRCLM is considered a safe treatment that does not increase postoperative morbidity, and its impact on oncologic outcome was not inferior.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874222

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Diagnostic biomarkers of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have been used for early detection to reduce its dismal survival rate. However, clinically feasible biomarkers are still rare. Therefore, in this study, we developed an automated multi-marker enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit using 3 biomarkers (leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein [LRG1], transthyretin [TTR], and CA 19-9) that were previously discovered and proposed a diagnostic model for PDAC based on this kit for clinical usage. @*Methods@#Individual LRG1, TTR, and CA 19-9 panels were combined into a single automated ELISA panel and tested on 728 plasma samples, including PDAC (n = 381) and normal samples (n = 347). The consistency between individual panels of 3 biomarkers and the automated multi-panel ELISA kit were accessed by correlation. The diagnostic model was developed using logistic regression according to the automated ELISA kit to predict the risk of pancreatic cancer (high-, intermediate-, and low-risk groups). @*Results@#The Pearson correlation coefficient of predicted values between the triple-marker automated ELISA panel and the former individual ELISA was 0.865. The proposed model provided reliable prediction results with a positive predictive value of 92.05%, negative predictive value of 90.69%, specificity of 90.69%, and sensitivity of 92.05%, which all simultaneously exceed 90% cutoff value. @*Conclusion@#This diagnostic model based on the triple ELISA kit showed better diagnostic performance than previous markers for PDAC. In the future, it needs external validation to be used in the clinic.

5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896741

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) prior to surgical resection in colorectal cancer with liver metastases (CRCLM) patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare overall outcome of CRCLM patients who underwent NAC followed by surgical resection versus surgical treatment first. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 429 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases who underwent simultaneous liver resection between January 2008 and December 2016. Using propensity score matching, overall outcome between 60 patients who underwent NAC before surgical treatment and 60 patients who underwent surgical treatment first was compared. @*Results@#Before propensity score matching, metastatic cancer tended to involve a larger number of liver segments and the primary tumor size was bigger in the NAC group than in the primary resection group, so that a larger percentage of patients in the NAC group underwent major hepatectomy (P<0.001). After propensity score matching, demographic features and pathologic outcomes showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in short-term recovery outcomes such as postoperative morbidity (P=0.603) and oncologic outcome, including 3-year overall survival rate (P=0.285) and disease-free survival rate (P=0.730), between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#NAC prior to surgical treatment in CRCLM is considered a safe treatment that does not increase postoperative morbidity, and its impact on oncologic outcome was not inferior.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 912-921, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914353

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Several prediction models for evaluating the prognosis of nonmetastatic resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have been developed, and their performances were reported to be superior to that of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. We developed a prediction model to evaluate the prognosis of resected PDAC and externally validated it with data from a nationwide Korean database. @*Methods@#Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database were utilized for model development, and data from the Korea Tumor Registry System-Biliary Pancreas (KOTUS-BP) database were used for external validation. Potential candidate variables for model development were age, sex, histologic differentiation, tumor location, adjuvant chemotherapy, and the AJCC 8th staging system T and N stages. For external validation, the concordance index (C-index) and time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were evaluated. @*Results@#Between 2004 and 2016, data from 9,624 patients were utilized for model development, and data from 3,282 patients were used for external validation. In the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, age, sex, tumor location, T and N stages, histologic differentiation, and adjuvant chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for resected PDAC. After an exhaustive search and 10-fold cross validation, the best model was finally developed, which included all prognostic variables. The C-index, 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, and 5-year time-dependent AUCs were 0.628, 0.650, 0.665, 0.675, and 0.686, respectively. @*Conclusions@#The survival prediction model for resected PDAC could provide quantitative survival probabilities with reliable performance. External validation studies with other nationwide databases are needed to evaluate the performance of this model.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719659

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have suggested microscopic positive resection margin should be revised according to the presence of tumor cells within 1mm of the margin surface in resected specimens of pancreatic cancer. However, the clinical meaning of this revised margin status for R1 resection margin was not fully clarified. METHODS: From July 2012 to December 2014, the medical records of 194 consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into 3 groups on margin status; revised microscopic negative margin (rR0) – tumor exists more than 1 mm from surgical margin, revised microscopic positive margin (rR1) – tumor present within less than 1 mm from surgical margin, classic microscopic positive margin (cR1) – tumor is exposed to surgical margin. RESULTS: There were 76 rR0 (39.2%), 100 rR1 (51.5%), and 18 cR1 (9.3%). There was significant difference in disease-free survival rates between cR1 vs. rR1 (8.4 months vs. 24.0 months, P = 0.013). Margin status correlated with local recurrence rate (17.1% in rR0, 26.0% in rR1, and 44.4% in cR1, P = 0.048). There is significant difference in recurrence at tumor bed (11.8% in rR0 vs. 23.0 in rR1, P = 0.050). Of rR1, adjuvant treatment was found to be an independent risk factor for local recurrence (hazard ratio, 0.297; 95% confidence interval, 0.127–0.693, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Revised R1 resection margin (rR1) affects recurrence at the tumor bed. Adjuvant treatment significantly reduced local recurrence of rR1. Accordingly, adjuvant chemoradiation for rR1 group should be taken into account.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal , Disease-Free Survival , Head , Humans , Medical Records , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739588

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent studies have analyzed the short-term clinical outcomes of ndovascular management. However, the long-term outcomes are unknown. This study aimed to investigate clinical outcomes after endovascular management for ruptured pseudoaneurysm in patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: The medical records of 2,783 patients who underwent PD were retrospectively reviewed at a single center. Of 62 patients who received intervention after pseudonaeurysm rupture, 57 patients (91.9%) experienced eventual success of hemostasis. The patients were composed as follows: (embolization only [EMB], n = 30), (stent-graft placement only [STENT], n = 19) and (both embolization and stent-graft placement simultaneously or different times [EMB + STENT], n = 8). Long-term complications were defined as events that occur more than 30 days after the last successful endovascular treatment. RESULTS: Among 57 patients, short-term stent-graft related complications developed in 3 patients (5.3%) and clinical complication developed in 18 patients (31.5%). Nine (15.8%) had long-term stent-graft related complications, which involved partial thrombosis in 5 cases, occlusion in 3 cases and migration in 1 case. Except for 1 death, the remaining 8 cases did not experience clinical complications. The stent graft primary patency rate was 88.9% after 1 month, 84.2% after 1 year, and 63.2% after 2 years. Of 57 patients, 30 days mortality occurred in 8 patients (14.0%). CONCLUSION: After recovery from initial complication, most of patients did not experience fatal clinical complication during long-term follow-up. Endovascular management is an effective and safe management of pseudoaneurysm rupture after PD in terms of long-term safety.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Embolization, Therapeutic , Follow-Up Studies , Hemostasis , Humans , Medical Records , Mortality , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Stents , Thrombosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739577

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the patency of the splenic vessels between laparoscopic and open spleen and splenic vessel-preserving distal pancreatectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a database of 137 patients who underwent laparoscopic (n = 91) or open (n = 46) spleen and splenic vessel-preserving distal pancreatectomy at a single institute from 2001 through 2015. Splenic vessel patency was assessed by abdominal computed tomography and classified into three grades according to the degree of stenosis. RESULTS: The splenic artery patency rate was similar in both groups (97.8 vs. 95.7%, P = 0.779). Also, the splenic vein patency rate was not significantly different between the 2 groups (74.7% vs. 82.6%, P = 0.521). Postoperative wound complication was significantly lower in the laparoscopic group (19.8% vs. 28.3%, P = 0.006), and hospital stay was significantly shorter in the laparoscopic group (7 days vs. 9 days, P = 0.001) than in the open group. Median follow-up periods were 22 months (3.7–96.2 months) and 31.7 months (4–104 months) in the laparoscopic and open groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy showed good splenic vessel patency as well as open distal pancreatectomy. For this reason, splenic vessel patency is not an obstacle in performing laparoscopic splenic vessel-preserving distal pancreatectomy.


Subject(s)
Constriction, Pathologic , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Pancreatectomy , Retrospective Studies , Spleen , Splenic Artery , Splenic Vein , Vascular Patency , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716859

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Postcholecystectomy syndrome (PCS) is characterized by abdominal symptoms following gallbladder removal. However, there is no consensus for the definition or treatment for PCS. The purpose of this study was to define PCS among various symptoms after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and to identify risk factors affecting PCS. METHODS: This study was conducted at Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital and Chung-Ang University Hospital (2012–2013). Outcomes were assessed using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ–C30 questionnaire. Symptom cluster for determining PCS was made by factor analysis. Cluster analysis evaluating risk factors of PCS was made by Ward methods and Dentogram. RESULTS: Factor analysis revealed three distinct symptom clusters, those are ‘insomnia and financial difficulties (eigenvalue, 1.707; Cronbach α, 0.190),’‘appetite loss and constipation (eigenvalue, 1.413; Cronbach α, 0.480),’ and ‘right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain and diarrhea (eigenvalue, 1.245; Cronbach α, 0.315).’ Among these symptom clusters, the cluster of ‘RUQ pain and diarrhea’ was determined as PCS. However, we could not find any risk factors between high symptomatic group and low symptomatic group. CONCLUSION: PCS could consist of RUQ pain and diarrhea. Well-designed prospective trials are needed to determine risk factors of PCS.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Consensus , Constipation , Diarrhea , Gallbladder , Postcholecystectomy Syndrome , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183537

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is believed that blood from the superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein mixes incompletely in the portal vein and maintains a streamline flow influencing its anatomic distribution. Although several experimental studies have demonstrated the existence of streamlining, clinical studies have shown conflicting results. We investigated whether streamlining of portal vein affects the lobar distribution of colorectal liver metastases and estimated its impact on survival. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases were retrospectively collected. The chi-square test was used for analyzing the distribution of metastasis. Cox analysis was used to identify risk factors of survival. Fisher exact test was used for subgroup analysis comparing hepatic recurrence. RESULTS: A total of 410 patients were included. The right-to-left ratio of liver metastases were 2.20:1 in right-sided colon cancer and 1.39:1 in left-sided cancer (P = 0.017). Cox analyses showed that margin < 5 mm (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.648–4.884; hazard ratio [HR], 2.837), age ≥ 60 years (P = 0.004; 95% CI, 1.269–3.641; HR, 2.149), N2 status (P < 0.001, 95% CI, 1.598–4.215; HR, 2.595), tumor size ≥ 45 mm (P = 0.014; 95% CI, 1.159–3.758; HR, 2.087) and other metastasis (P = 0.012; 95% CI, 1.250–5.927; HR, 2.722) were risk factors of survival. However, in 70 patients who underwent right hemihepatectomy for solitary metastasis, left-sided colorectal cancer was a risk factor (P = 0.019; 95% CI, 1.293–17.956; HR, 4.818), and was associated with higher recurrence than right-sided cancer (43.1% and 15.8%, respectively, P = 0.049). CONCLUSION: This study showed significant difference in lobar distribution of liver metastases between right colon cancer and left colorecral cancer. Furthermore, survival of left-sided colorectal cancer was poorer than that of right-sided cancer in patients who underwent right hemihepatectomy for solitary metastasis. These findings can be helpful for clinicians planning treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver , Mesenteric Veins , Neoplasm Metastasis , Portal Vein , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Splenic Vein
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64587

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The pathways of lymphatic metastases differ according to the tumor location in pancreatic cancer patients. However, it is unclear whether extended lymph node dissection (LND) is essential for all left-sided pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the survival outcomes according to the extent of LND and tumor location in patients with left-sided pancreatic cancer. METHODS: January 2005 to December 2013, we retrospectively identified 107 patients who underwent curative intent surgery for left-sided pancreatic cancer. The left-sided pancreatic cancer was defined as a tumor located in pancreatic body or tail. The extent of LND was divided into 2 groups: extended LND and peripancreatic LND. The extended LND group included celiac and superior mesenteric LNs. RESULTS: We included 107 patients with left-sided pancreatic cancer; 59 patients with pancreatic body cancer and 48 patients with pancreatic tail cancer. The median follow-up period was 17 months (range, 3–110 months). Fifty patients with pancreatic body cancer and 30 patients with pancreatic tail cancer underwent extended LND. In patients with pancreatic body cancer, extended LND was associated with improved disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.010) and overall survival (P = 0.014). However, extended LND was not associated with DFS in patients with pancreatic tail cancer. CONCLUSION: Extended LND could improve survival in patients with pancreatic body cancer. However, extended LND had no survival benefit for the treatment of pancreatic tail cancer.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Tail
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8204

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surgical resection of isolated hepatic or pulmonary metastases of colorectal cancer is an established procedure, with a 5-year survival rate of about 50%. However, the role of surgical resections in patients with both hepatic and pulmonary metastases is not well established. We aimed to analyze overall survival of these patients and associated factors. METHODS: Data retrospectively collected from 66 patients who underwent both hepatic and pulmonary metastasectomy after colorectal cancer surgery from August 2002 through August 2013 were analyzed. In univariate analysis, the log-rank test compared patient survival between groups. P < 0.1 was considered indicative of significance. Multivariate analysis of the significance data using a Cox proportional hazard model identified factors associated with overall survival. The synchronous group (n = 57) was defined as patients who had metastasectomy within 3 months from primary colorectal cancer surgery. The remaining nine patients constituted the metachronous group. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 126 months from the primary colorectal cancer surgery. The 5-year survival was 73.4%. There was no difference in overall survival between the synchronous and metachronous groups, consistent with previous studies. Distribution (involving one hemiliver or both, P = 0.010 in multivariate analysis) of liver metastases and multiplicity of the pulmonary metastasis (P = 0.039) were predictors of poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Sequential or simultaneous resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastasis of colorectal cancer resulted in good long-term survival in selected patients. Thus, an aggressive surgical approach and multidisciplinary decision making with surgeons seems to be justified.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Decision Making , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Lung , Metastasectomy , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Survival Rate
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180361

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (SIL-DP) has recently been attempted in the treatment of left-sided benign neoplasms of the pancreas. This study was conducted to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of SIL-DP compared with conventional laparoscopic DP (CL-DP). METHODS: Patients who received laparoscopic DP from a single surgeon for benign pancreatic neoplasm from January 2012 to January 2014 were included. The patients were divided into two groups, SIL-DP and CL-DP. We used four trocars for CL-DP and a custom-made glove port for SILDP and analyzed the conversion cases separately. Perioperative outcomes were compared between types of surgery. RESULTS: SIL-DP was attempted in 13 patients, five of whom required conversion to CL-DP or dual-incision surgery. CL-DP was attempted in 27 patients and all were successful without open conversion. The spleen was preserved in all patients who underwent SIL-DP without conversion, in four of five (80%) in the conversion group, and 21 (78%) of those who underwent CL-DP. The complication rate was 13% in the SIL-DP-only group, 60% in the conversion group, and 19% in the CL-DP group. The operation time, estimated blood loss, numeric pain intensity score, and hospital duration were similar in the SIL-DP and CL-DP groups. CONCLUSION: SIL-DP was associated with a moderate need for an additional port, and the complication rate was high in the conversion group. Our findings indicate that SIL-DP should be attempted carefully. Further studies are needed to evaluate the lon g term follow-up outcomes of SIL-DP.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pancreas , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Spleen , Surgical Instruments
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220410

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) has variable malignant potential ranging from premalignant intraductal lesions to malignant neoplasms with invasive carcinoma. To help physicians managing patients with IPMN, International consensus guidelines was made in 2006 and revised in 2012. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of guidelines and to validate. METHODS: From October 1996 to December 2011, we retrospectively reviewed the data of 230 patients who underwent pancreatic resection for IPMN. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to identify significant predictors of malignancy in IPMN. RESULTS: Of the 230 patients, 62 patients (27%) were diagnosed with invasive carcinoma. Jaundice (P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.086-40.010) main pancreatic duct diameter equal to or greater than 10 mm (P < 0.001; 95% CI, 1.723-6.673) and also abdominal pain (P < 0.001; 95% CI, 4.363-22.600) show statistical significance in univariate and multivariate analysis. "High-risk stigmata" was statistical powerful predictors of malignancy than "worrisome features". International consensus guidelines 2012 had improvement on specificity but deterioration of sensitivity. CONCLUSION: Revised guidelines seemed to bring about an improvement of weak side of Sendai criteria. Abdominal pain, jaundice, main pancreas duct greater than 10 mm can be clinical variables to predict malignancy.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Consensus , Humans , Jaundice , Mucins , Multivariate Analysis , Pancreas , Pancreatic Ducts , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32743

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) may involve multiple organs. Although it usually presents as diffuse organ involvement, localized mass-forming lesions have been occasionally encountered in pancreas. However, the same pattern has been seldom reported in biliary tract. A 61-year-old male showed a hilar bile duct mass with multiple enlarged lymph nodes in imaging studies and he underwent trisectionectomy under impression of cholangiocarcinoma. Gross examination revealed a mass-like lesion around hilar bile duct. Histopathologically, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and storiform fibrosis were identified without evidence of malignancy. Immunohistochemical stain demonstrated rich IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration. Follow-up imaging studies disclosed multiple enlarged lymph nodes with involvement of pancreas and perisplenic soft tissue. The lesions have been significantly reduced after steroid treatment, which suggests multi-organ involvement of systemic IgG4-RD. Here, we report an unusual localized mass-forming IgG4-related cholangitis as an initial presentation of IgG4-RD, which was biliary manifestation of systemic IgG4-related autoimmune disease.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Bile Ducts , Biliary Tract , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangitis , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas , Plasma Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62417

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Acute portal and splenic vein thrombosis (APSVT) after hepatobiliary and pancreatic (HBP) surgery is a rare but serious complication and a treatment strategy has not been well established. To assess the safety and efficacy of anticoagulation therapy for treating APSVT after HBP surgery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study of 82 patients who were diagnosed with APSVT within 4 weeks after HBP surgery from October 2002 to November 2012 at a single institute. We assigned patients to the anticoagulation group (n = 32) or nonanticoagulation group (n = 50) and compared patient characteristics, complications, and the recanalization rate of APSVT between these two groups. RESULTS: APSVT was diagnosed a mean of 8.6 +/- 4.8 days after HBP surgery. Patients' characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups. There were no bleeding complications related to anticoagulation therapy. The 1-year cumulative recanalization rate of anticoagulation group and nonanticoagulation group were 71.4% and 34.1%, respectively, which is statistically significant (log-rank test, P = 0.0001). In Cox regression model for multivariate analysis, independent factors associated with the recanalization rate of APSVT after HBP surgery were anticoagulation therapy (P = 0.003; hazard ration [HR], 2.364; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.341-4.168), the absence of a vein reconstruction procedure (P = 0.027; HR, 2.557; 95% CI, 1.111-5.885), and operation type (liver resection rather than pancreatic resection; P = 0.005, HR, 2.350; 95% CI, 1.286-4.296). CONCLUSION: Anticoagulation therapy appears to be a safe and effective treatment for patients with APSVT after HBP surgery. Further prospective studies of larger patient populations are necessary to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Case-Control Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Mesentery , Multivariate Analysis , Portal Vein , Retrospective Studies , Splenic Vein , Thrombosis , Veins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193658

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study addressed the feasibility and effect of surgical treatment of metachronous periampullary carcinoma after resection of the primary extrahepatic bile duct cancer. The performance of this secondary curative surgery is not well-documented. METHODS: We reviewed, retrospectively, the medical records of 10 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for secondary periampullary cancer following extrahepatic bileduct cancer resection from 1995 to 2011. RESULTS: The mean age of the 10 patients at the second operation was 61 years (range, 45-70 years). The primary cancers were 7 hilar cholangiocarcinomas, 2 middle common bile duct cancers, and one cystic duct cancer. The secondary cancers were 8 distal common bile duct cancers and 2 carcinomas of the ampulla of Vater. The second operations were 6 Whipple procedures and 4 pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomies. The mean interval between primary treatment and metachronous periampullary cancer was 20.6 months (range, 3.4-36.6 months). The distal resection margin after primary resection was positive for high grade dysplasia in one patient. Metachronous tumor was confirmed by periampullary pathology in all cases. Four of the 10 patients had delayed gastric emptying (n = 2) or pancreatic fistula (n = 2) after reoperation. There were no perioperative deaths. Median survival after PD was 44.6 months (range, 8.5-120.5 months). CONCLUSION: Based on the postoperative survival rate, PD may provide an acceptable protocol for resection in patients with metachronous periampullary cancer after resection of the extrahepatic bile duct cancer.


Subject(s)
Ampulla of Vater , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma , Common Bile Duct , Cystic Duct , Gastric Emptying , Humans , Medical Records , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Pancreatic Fistula , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Pathology , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60462

ABSTRACT

Left-sided portal hypertension and consequent gastric varices can occur in patients with isolated splenic vein thrombosis. It is a rare but clinically significant and curable cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Our patient, a 20-year-old woman, with left flank pain was diagnosed with having idiopathic splenic vein thrombosis with resultant splenic infarction. Thorough workups for the possible etiologies of splenic vein thrombosis were all negative. After six months of anticoagulation, follow-up computed tomography revealed formation of gastric varices; one month following the discovery, she developed gastrointestinal bleeding. Splenectomy was performed, resulting in the resolution of gastric varices.


Subject(s)
Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Female , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Splenectomy , Splenic Infarction , Splenic Vein , Thrombosis , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Metastatic cancer of pancreas is rarely resectable. Pancreaticoduodenectomy carries high risks of morbidities and mortalities that it is rarely performed for metastatic cancer. In this study, the clinical features and outcomes of metastatic cancer of pancreas after pancreaticoduodenectomy were reviewed and analyzed. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent pancreaticoduodectomy from January 2000 to December 2012 in Samsung Medical Center. A total of 1045 patients were enrolled in this study. Inclusion criteria were patients who had metachronous lesions with tumors histologically confirmed as metastatic cancer. However, patients with tumors directly invaded pancreas head, bile duct, and duodenum were excluded from this study. Finally, a total of 12 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy due to metastatic cancer were used in this study. Clinicopathologic features and perioperative data of these 12 patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The 12 patients included 6 females and 6 males who had metastatic lesions at pancreas head, duodenum 2nd-3rd portion, and distal common bile duct. The mean age of patients was 62.7 years old at the time of pancreaticoduodenectomy. The interval between the time of the first operation for primary cancer and pancreaticoduodenectomy was 67.7 months. The mean survival time after pancreaticoduodectomy was 38.6 months (range, 12 to 119 months). There was no fatal complication after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is becoming a safer procedure with less complication compared to the past. Patients with recurrent metastatic cancer should be considered for metastectomy if tumors are resectable. Pancreaticoduodenectomy should be considered as one main treatment for patients with recurrent metastatic cancer to offer a chance of long-term survival in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Common Bile Duct , Duodenum , Female , Head , Humans , Male , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
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